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Review of the week, 98-03-11

Hellenic Ministry of Press and Mass Media: The Week in Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Ministry of Press & Mass Media <http://www.minpress.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

[A] EYRWPAIKH ENWSH

[B] E/T SXESEIS-KYPRIAKO

  • [01] Episkech Ban Nten Mproyk sthn Kypro
  • [02] Gia proklhtikes kinhseis sto Aigaio kathgorei h Agkyra thn Aqhna
  • [03] Terastia ta symferonta poy prokyptoyn apo thn episkech Ntemirel sthn Ispania
  • [G] BALKANIA

  • [04] Diplwmatikos maraqwnios gia thn ektonwsh ths entashs sto Kossyfopedio-Oloklhrwqhkan oi serbikes ekkaqaristikes epixeirhseis sthn perioxh
  • [D] MESH ANATOLH

  • [05] Karkinobatoyn oi prospaqeies gia anaqermansh ths eirhneytikhs diadikasias sth Mesh Anatolh
  • [06] Diaswqhke h eirhnh sto Irak- Epimenoyn stis apeiles toys oi Amerikanoi....

  • [A] EYRWPAIKH ENWSH

    [B] E/T SXESEIS-KYPRIAKO

    [01] Episkech Ban Nten Mproyk sthn Kypro

    Sthn proetoimasia gia thn enarjh twn entajiakwn diapragmateysewn Kyproy-Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs sta telh Martioy estiazetai to endiaferon twn ejelijewn poy shmeiwqhkan ayth thn ebdomada sto Kypriako.

    Mia diadikasia "idiaitera polyplokh kai eyaisqhth" - opws yposthrije o Epitropos armodios gia tis ejwterikes sxeseis ths E.E. Xans Ban Nten Mproyk- afoy h emfash poy dinei h Koinothta sth symmetoxh kai twn Toyrkokypriwn sthn kypriakh diapragmateytikh antiproswpeia proskroyei sthn epimonh arnhsh toy Ntenktas na synanthqei kai na syzhthsei me opoiondhpote Eyrwpaio ajiwmatoyxo thn eyrwpaikh prooptikh ths Kyproy.

    "Stoxos ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs" anefere o Epitropos Ban Nten Mproyk kata thn afijh toy sto aerodromio ths Larnakas (APE, 4.3.98) "einai h enqarrynsh mias diadikasias, poy qa odhghsei thn entajh oloklhrhs ths Kyproy sthn E.E. kai apo thn opoia qa apokomisoyn ofelh kai oi dyo koinothtes sto nhsi".

    O Eyrwpaios Epitropos den pareleice na epishmanei to rolo-kleidi poy diadramatizei h Toyrkia sthn entajh ths Kyproy kai na epanalabei oti "h E.E. endiaferetai na exei kales sxeseis me thn Toyrkia".

    "Ayto poy prospaqoyme einai na kanoyme mia realistikh prosfora pros thn Toyrkia oson afora to rolo ths sthn eyrwpaikh oloklhrwsh" tonise o Eyrwpaios Epitropos kai prosqese: "Pisteyw oti einai pros amoibaio ofelos na epityxoyme mia sxesh me thn Toyrkia poy qa antanakla ta koina symferonta".

    Ayto akribws to shmeio ths dhlwshs Ban Nten Mproyk apokalyptei, symfwna me to BBC (5.3.98) oti askoyntai pieseis sth Leykwsia, wste "h apodoxh ths kypriakhs hgesias gia symmetoxh twn Toyrkokypriwn stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis na synodeytei kai apo mia entypwsiakh, politikoy xarakthra, xeironomia kalhs qelhshs oxi mono pros ton Ntenktas, alla kyriws pros thn Agkyra". Me ton tropo ayto, synexise to BBC epikaloymeno Eyrwpaioys ajiwmatoyxoys, qa anagkastei h Agkyra na askhsei tis aparaithtes pieseis ston Ntenktas prokeimenoy na parei meros kai h toyrkokypriakh pleyra stis diapragmateyseis entajhs Kyproy-E.E.. Symfwna me ton idio radiostaqmo h xeironomia ayth qa mporoyse na einai h egkataleich toy sxedioy ths egkatastashs twn rwsikwn pyraylwn S-300 sto kypriako edafos. Ayth, htan, allwste, kai h protroph toy Bretanoy Prwqypoyrgoy Tony Mpler sthn epistolh toy pros ton Proedro Klhridh.

    Pantws, opws epanelabe o Bretanos eidikos apestalmenos gia to Kypriako Ser Nteibint Xaney poy synodeye ton k. Ban Nten Mproyk sthn episkech toy sthn Kypro (RIK, 4.3.98) "oi entajiakes diapragmateyseis Kyproy-E.E. mporoyn na arxisoyn xwris th symmetoxh twn Toyrkokypriwn". Tonise, wstoso, oti "epiqymia olwn einai h entajh mias dizwnikhs, dikoinotikhs, omospondhs Kyproy kai gia na ginei ayto prepei na anamixqei sth diadikasia kai h toyrkokypriakh pleyra". O k. Xaney anaferqhke kai sthn arnhsh toy k. Ntenktas na synanthqei mazi toy h me ton k. Ban Nten Mproyk tonizontas: "H apofygh mias tetoias synanthshs den apotelei th syntagh mias apotelesmatikhs diplwmatias. Qa synexisoyme omws tis epafes mas me thn kypriakh kybernhsh gia na proxwrhsoyme mprosta, elpizontas, eidikotera sto qema ths emplokhs twn Toyrkokypriwn, to opoio brisketai sthn koryfh ths hmerhsias diatajhs".

    Apo thn pleyra ths h Leykwsia, opws dhlwse o neos kybernhtikos ekproswpos k. Stylianidhs (APE, 4.3.98) "qelei th symmetoxh twn Toyrkokypriwn stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis, efoson kati tetoio den qa ypobaqmizei thn ontothta ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias kai den qa ejypakoyei anagnwrish toy ceydokratoys".

    Sto metajy, thn prohgoymenh mera o yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Kranidiwths eixe synanthsh me ton k. Ban Nten Mproyk stis Bryjelles (APE, 3.3.98). Opws anefere o k. Kranidiwths enhmerwse ton Eyrwpaio Epitropo gia tis epifylajeis ths ellhnikhs pleyras enanti olwn twn sxediwn ths bretanikhs proedrias gia tis enarkthries topoqethseis twn "15" sthn teleth enarjhs ths diadikasias ths dieyrynshs ths Koinothtas stis 30 kai 31 Martioy.

    Oi protaseis ths Proedrias - opws shmeiwnetai sto deltio EUROPE (2. 3.98)- den ikanopoioyn thn ellhnikh pleyra, giati "tis antilambanetai ws syndesh ths entajhs ths Kyproy me thn proypoqesh ths epilyshs toy Kypriakoy, dhladh ths dhmioyrgias mias dikoinotikhs kai dizwnikhs omospondias".

    Oloklhrwnontas tis epafes toy sthn Kypro o k. Ban Nten Mproyk, sth diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy (APE, 6.3.98) tonise oti eprokeito gia "episkech xwris qeamatika apotelesmata". Stis synomilies poy eixe me ton Proedro Klhridh, ton YPEJ k. Kasoylidh kai me ton neodiorisqenta ws epikefalhs ths kypriakhs diapragmateytikhs omadas k. Basileioy synexisthke - opws eipe o Eyrwpaios Epitropos h proetoimasia ths enarjhs twn entajiakwn diapragmateysewn. O k. Ban Nten Mproyk afoy ejefrase th lyph toy kai thn apogohteysh toy gia thn arnhsh toy Raoyf Ntenktas na ton synanthsei, epanelabe oti "h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh endiaferetai gia thn prooptikh entajhs ths Kyproy kai gia to pws qa epwfelhqoyn apo ayth kai oi dyo Koinothtes" kai kalese toys Toyrkokyprioys "na mhn epikentrwnontai mono sto paron kai to parelqon alla na koitajoyn kaqara kai pros to mellon".

    Gia ton Ollando Epitropo "apotelei -opws ypogrammise- "enqarryntiko stoixeio h omilia toy k. Klhridh sthn teleth egkatastashs sto Proedriko ajiwma, teinontas xeira filias pros toys Toyrkokyprioys kai apokalwntas ton k. Ntenktas sympatriwth".

    Klimakwnei thn adiallajia toy o Ntenktas

    Wstoso, o k. Ntenktas aperrice oysiastika kaqe idea synomiliwn gia omospondiakh lysh. Se grapto mhnyma toy me hmeromhnia 5.3.98 poy diabibasthke ston Proedro Klhridh mesw twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn o k. Ntenktas, symfwna me to RIK (6.3.98) yposthrizei oti "h anazhthsh omospondiakhs lyshs einai adynath shmera, logw ths apomakrynshs ths E/K pleyras apo tis symfwnhmenes parametroys lyshs kai tis egwistikes epidiwjeis ths".

    O R. Ntenktas isxyrizetai epishs, oti "to dikaiwma ths xwrisths aytodiaqeshs anagnwristhke stoys T/K apo to 1956 kai to 1958, prwta apo th Bretania kai sth synexeia apo ta Hnwmena Eqnh".

    Yposthrizei akomh, oti "o monos tropos ejeyreshs lyshs shmera einai h symfwnia twn dyo pleyrwn se kateyqynthries arxes kai idiaitera me thn symfwnia oloklhrwshs ths antallaghs perioysiwn, ths ryqmishs twn synorwn kai ths asfaleias".

    "Mono etsi- katalhgei o R. Ntenktas- qa dhmioyrghqoyn elpides gia prooptikh dhmioyrgias enos koinoy mellontos".

    Antidrwntas, h kypriakh kybernhsh se prwth fash aperrice kai epestrece ws entelws aparadekth thn epistolh toy Raoyf Ntenktas enw thn epomenh o YPEJ k. Kasoylidhs dhlwse (KYPE, 7.3.98) oti:

    "To qema qa tyxei toy katallhloy xeirismoy, h kybernhsh pros to paron qa kinhqei pros ta pente monima melh toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, me stoxo th diafylajh ths apostolhs toy k. Korntobez. Kai ayto giati h epistolh Ntenktas torpillizei thn apostolh kalwn yphresiwn toy OHE".

    H proklhtikothta toy k. Ntenktas eixe ekdhlwqei apo thn arxh ths ebdomadas otan kalese ton k. Klhridh "na synomilhsoyn ws kratos me kratos". Symfwna me to radiostaqmo FWNH THS TOYRKIAS (2.3.98) o Toyrkokyprios hgeths sth diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy yposthrije: "H porta toy dialogoy qa einai anoixth, an klhqw ws Proedros ths Toyrkikhs Dhmokratias ths Boreias Kyproy".

    Tonise, ejalloy, oti "h TDBK den qa entaxqei pote sthn E.E. an den ginei melos ths kai h Toyrkia". Kathgorhse, thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, thn Ellada kai thn Kypriakh Dhmokratia oti "etoimazoyn pagida" sto paranomo kaqestws toy, epishmainontas oti"den prokeitai na katelqoyme sto ghpedo gia na paijoyme to paixnidi toys, an den einai paroysa kai h Toyrkia". Telos, o k. Ntenktas yposthrije oti "an h Kypros entaxqei sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, tote to nhsi qa dixotomhqei". Kai ayto giati, opws isxyristhke liges meres argotera (MPAYRAK, 5.3.98) h entajh ths Kyproy sthn E.E. "einai monomerhs kai paranomh xwris th symmetoxh twn Toyrkokypriwn".

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o antiproedros ths toyrkikhs kybernhshs k. Etzebit (APE, 3.3.98) yposthrije oti: "H Eyrwpaikh Enwsh den mporei na prostateysei ta symferonta twn Toyrkokypriwn. As mhn yparxoyn aytapates. H E.E. den apotelei eggyhsh, orismena dikaiwmata mporei na mhn paraxwrhqoyn stoys Toyrkokyprioys. Den prepei na lhsmonoyme thn katastash twn Toyrkwn ths Dytikhs Qrakhs".

    O Miler sth Leykwsia
    Anhsyxia gia toys S-300

    H episkech toy eidikoy syntonisth toy Staiht Nthpartment gia to Kypriako k. Miler sth Leykwsia kaqws kai o neos kyklos epafwn toy eidikoy antiproswpoy toy G.G. toy OHE gia to Kypriako k. Korntobez, apodeiknyoyn to entono endiaferon ths dieqnoys koinothtas gia thn epilysh toy zhthmatos.

    H ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn twn HPA k. Olmprait, sth diarkeia kataqeshs ths sthn ypoepitroph Ejwterikwn Kondyliwn ths Boylhs twn Antiproswpwn (APE, 5.3.98) epanelabe oti to Kypriako apotelei ychlh proteraiothta ths amerikanikhs kybernhshs kai gia to skopo ayto exoyn energopoihqei akoma kai o Proedros Klinton, opws fysika kai h idia kaqws kai koryfaia stelexh toy Staiht Nthpartment ypo ton Ritsarnt Xolmproyk.

    H k. Olmprait shmeiwse epishs oti "oi HPA yposthrizoyn tis prospaqeies twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn gia thn epilysh toy Kypriakoy sth bash mias dikoinotikhs, dizwnikhs omospondias, mesw ameswn synomiliwn metajy toy Ellhnokyprioy kai toy Toyrkokyprioy hgeth". H Oyasigkton-katelhje h k. Olmprait-amesws meta tis ekloges drasthriopoieitai kai pali me stoxo na ferei tis dyo pleyres sthn trapeza twn synomiliwn.

    Me ayton akribws to stoxo arxise tis epafes toy sth Leykwsia o k. Miler, o opoios se dhlwseis toy kata thn afijh toy sto aerodromio ths Larnakas (APE, 8.3.98) eipe oti prepei na diathrhqei to endiaferon sthn oysia toy Kypriakoy. Prosqese oti xreiazetai eyelijia kai dhmioyrgikothta gia na lyqei to problhma, to opoio xarakthrise ws ena apo ta pio dyskola. O k. Miler epanelabe thn pagia qesh ths xwras toy oti den anagnwrizei to ceydokratos. Sth synexeia epeshmane oti o k. Xolmproyk paramenei anamemeigmenos energa sto Kypriako kai oti qa episkefqei thn Kypro otan wrimasoyn oi synqhkes.

    O Amerikanos ajiwmatoyxos anaferqhke, telos, sto qema ths egkatastashs twn pyraylwn S-300 tonizontas oti "sthn anaptyjh aytoy toy pyraylikoy systhmatos sto Kypriako edafos paramenei mia apo tis anhsyxies twn HPA, oi opoies perimenoyn apo th Kypriakh kybernhsh na anaqewrhsei thn politikh ths sto qema ayto".

    Opws dhlwse pantws o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Kasoylidhs meta th synanthsh toy me ton k. Miler (APE, 8.3.98) alla kai o Proedros Klhridhs se apokleistikh synenteyjh toy sto APE (6.3.98)- "oi monadikoi logoi poy qa mporoysan na tropopoihsoyn thn apofash ths kypriakhs kybernhshs kai na akyrwqei h paraggelia twn rwsikwn pyraylwn einai h epiteyjh tetoias proodoy sto Kypriako poy qa odhgei anapofeykta se lysh h h ypografh symfwnias gia apostratiwtikopoihsh".

    Kinhtikothta ston OHE

    Symfwna me dhlwseis toy Toyrkokyprioy hgeth k. Ntenktas (MPAYRAK, 3. 3.98) o G.G. toy OHE k. Anan ton enhmerwse se apanthtikh epistolh toy oti o k. Korntobez prokeitai na episkefqei thn Kypro ligo meta tis 16 Martioy, prokeimenoy na epanalhfqoyn oi prospaqeies gia thn epanenarjh twn dikoinotikwn synomiliwn. Gegonos, poy opws yposthrije o k. Ntenktas- ton lyphse idiaitera giati "fainetai oti o G.G. toy OHE den exei antilhfqei oti ayth h diadikasia exei lhjei, meta thn apofash toy Loyjemboyrgoy".

    Pantws, o Toyrkokyprios hgeths, dhlwse sto Galliko Praktoreio Eidhsewn (4.3.98) oti qa synomilhsei me ton k. Korntobez gia na toy ejhghsei oti "oso den anagnwrizomaste ws etairoi twn Ellhnokypriwn me isa dikaiwmata den yparxei pleon tipota pros syzhthsh".

    Sto metajy o Amerikanos Presbhs sth Leykwsia k. Mpril, se omilia ston Toyrkokypriako Syndesmo Newn Epixeirhmatiwn (APE, 6.3.98), kalese tis katoxikes arxes na mhn kleisoyn to dromo pros to dialogo kai na aroyn tis apagoreyseis gia tis dikoinotikes epafes kai drasthriothtes.

    "H dieqnhs koinothta" ypogrammise o k. Mpril "den qa epitrecei na synexistei h ekkremothta toy Kypriakoy".

    [02] Gia proklhtikes kinhseis sto Aigaio kathgorei h Agkyra thn Aqhna

    Oi parabiaseis toy ellhnikoy enaerioy xwroy kai h toyrkikh ekqesh poy syndeei to qema ths asfaleias twn Stenwn me to endexomeno epektashs twn ellhnikwn xwrikwn ydatwn apoteloyn tis kyrioteres ejelijeis ayths ths ebdomadas stis ellhnotoyrikes sxeseis.

    Sto plaisio newn toyrkikwn aeroporikwn askhsewn ston enaerio xwro toy Aigaioy shmeiwqhkan stis 3.3.98 parabaseis twn kanonwn enaerias kykloforias sto FIR Aqhnwn kai parabiaseis toy ellhnikoy enaerioy xwroy apo enteka sxhmatismoys toyrkikwn aeroskafwn typoy F-16 kai F- 4 stis perioxes metajy Lesboy-Xioy kai Xioy-Lhmnoy.

    Se oles tis periptwseis ta toyrkika aeroskafh anaxaitisthkan apo ellhnika F-16, F-4 kai MIRAGE 2.000, enw se deka periptwseis h diadikasia anaxaitishs ejelixqhke se emplokh (APE, 3.3.98).

    H Agkyra, dia stomatos toy anaplhrwth ekproswpoy toy toyrkikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn k. Atatzanli, xarakthrise "abasimh" thn plhroforia peri parabiashs toy ellhnikoy enaerioy xwroy, kai ayto giati - opws dhlwse o k. Atatzanli (APE, 4.3.98) "h Ellada kai sto parelqon eixe probalei tetoioys isxyrismoys, oi opoioi ofeilontai sthn apoch peri ellhnikoy enaerioy xwroy eyroys 10 miliwn".

    Thn epomenh mera h Agkyra, se grapth anakoinwsh poy ekdoqhke apo to toyrkiko Ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn (5.3.98) yposthrije oti tessera ellhnika maxhtika aeroskafh typoy F-16 epixeirhsan na empodisoyn dyo toyrkika maxhtika aeroskafh toy idioy typoy na ektelesoyn thn apostolh toys, parenoxlwntas ta boreiodytika ths Lhmnoy, sto "dieqnh enaerio xwro" toy Aigaioy.

    Sthn anakoinwsh anaferetai epishs oti: "H proklhtikh ayth kinhsh poy qetei se sobaro kindyno thn asfaleia pthsewn se perioxh NOTAM den symbadizei me kanena dieqnh kanona. Efistatai h prosoxh twn endiaferomenwn xwrwn kai organismwn sthn parabash twn dieqnwn kanonwn me toso epikindynes kinhseis apo thn pleyra ths Elladas".

    Ejalloy, h ZAMAN (2.3.98) efere sto fws ths dhmosiothtas ekqesh poy syntaxqhke katopin entolhs toy Toyrkoy Proedroy k. Ntemirel, sthn opoia epishmainetai h anagkh enisxyshs twn metrwn asfaleias sta Stena kai h anagkh allaghs ths toyrkikhs nomoqesias peri xwrikwn ydatwn.

    "H Ellada prospaqei na epekteinei thn kyriarxia ths sto Aigaio, kai ayto einai aparadekto", anaferei h ekqesh kai epanalambanei tis gnwstes qeseis symfwna me tis opoies "an h Ellada epekteinei ta xwrika ths ydata sta 12 milia, h Toyrkia qa perikyklwqei me ellhnika xwrika ydata sto Aigaio kai h prosbash ths sthn anoixth qalassa qa katastei dynath mono dia twn stenwn Lhmnoy-Lesboy, Lesboy-Xioy kai Ikarias-Xioy. H efarmogh ayths ths praktikhs qa metatrecei to Aigaio se ellhnikh limnh".

    H ekqesh fainetai na yposthrizei thn apoch toy ef' olhs ths ylhs dialogoy me thn Ellada, afoy epishmainei oti "ta xwrika ydata, h yfalokrhpida kai oi diafwnies gia ta nhsia, apoteloyn krikoys ths idias alysidas kai qa prepei na elqoyn sto trapezi twn diapragmateysewn kai na anazhthqoyn lyseis".

    "Oi kinhseis ths Elladas, shmeiwnetai sthn ekqesh, poy sxetizontai me ta dieqnh ydata kai ton dieqnh enaerio xwro toy Aigaioy kai oi opoies einai antiqetes pros to Dieqnes Dikaio kai toys dieqneis kanonismoys, prepei na parakakoloyqoyntai stena".

    Oi HPA

    Sto metajy, oi HPA kalesan gia allh mia fora thn Aqhna kai thn Agkyra na epilysoyn tis opoies diafores exoyn me eirhnika mesa. Symfwna me thlegrafhma toy APE (5.3.98) o ekproswpos toy Leykoy Oikoy k. MakKery, apantwntas se erwthsh an qa syzhthqei to qema twn Imiwn kata th synanthsh poy qa exei o YPEJ k. Pagkalos me ton symboylo eqnikhs asfaleias toy Amerikanoy Proedroy k. Mpergker, dhlwse: "Qa doyme an qa teqei stis syzhthseis to qema twn Imia- Karntak. Nomizw oti oi apoceis mas gia tis amfisbhthseis sto Aigaio einai poly gnwstes kai stis dyo kybernhseis, ths Toyrkias kai ths Elladas. Exoyme enqarrynei kai tis dyo symmaxoys mas sto NATO na epilysoyn filika opoia amfisbhthsh exoyn gyrw apo edafikes diekdikhseis sto Aigaio".

    Alla kai o ekproswpos toy Pentagwnoy k. Mpeikon, dhlwse, symfwna me to Radiostaqmo FWNH THS TOYRKIAS (6.3.98) oti "oi HPA apodidoyn megalh shmasia sta problhmata poy yparxoyn metajy ths Elladas kai ths Toyrkias".

    "Sto plaisio ayto- synexeise o k. Mpeikon- o ypoyrgos Amynas k. Koen qa episkefqei kai tis dyo xwres ton erxomeno mhna".

    [03] Terastia ta symferonta poy prokyptoyn apo thn episkech Ntemirel sthn Ispania

    Th Madrith episkefqhke thn perasmenh ebdomada gia treis meres o Toyrkos Proedros Soyleiman Ntemirel. H episkech poy arxise stis 3 Martioy, htan h prwth episkech toy k. Ntemirel sthn Ispania. O Toyrkos Proedros egine dektos apo ton Basilia Xoyan Karlos kai eixe synomilies me ton Ispano Prwqypoyrgo Xose Maria Aqnar.

    Ton k. Ntemirel synodeyse o Toyrkos YPEJ Ismahl Tzem o opoios eixe synomilies me ton Ispano omologo toy Ampel Matoytes.

    Opws anaferei o toyrkikos Typos, (Grafeio Typoy Agkyras, 4.3.98) h episkech Ntemirel sthn Ispania, jekinhse me thn eidhsh poy dhmosieyse h efhmerida EL PAIS sxetika me thn pwlhsh oplwn 2 dis dol.. H efhmerida egrace pws h Ispania prokeitai na pragmatopoihsei th megalyterh ejagwgh oplwn ths istorias ths, sthn Agkyra. H eidhsh ayth eixe megalh aphxhsh.

    Sth sxetikh eidhsh tonisthke pws se periptwsh poy pragmatopoihqei h pwlhsh ayth, qa einai "pwlhsh rekor" sthn istoria ths ispanikhs amyntikhs biomhxanias.

    Opws anaferei to APE (4.3.98), o Matoytes, xwris na diaceysei h na epibebaiwsei thn plhroforia ayth, tonise oti "h Toyrkia exei arxisei mia diadikasia gia ton eksygxronismo twn enoplwn dynamewn ths kai oti "h Ispania, enas kalos etairos, einai eytyxhs na symmetasxei sthn enisxysh ths synergasias ston tomea ayto".

    O Proedros Ntemirel poy egine dektos sto aerodromio ths Madriths apo ton Ispano YPEJ eipe pws oi Toyrko-ispanikes sxeseis poy exoyn parelqon 400 etwn, yposxontai poly lampro mellon ston ajona Eyrwphs- Mesogeioy, kai tonise: "Pisteyw oti h episkech moy qa symballei sto mellon ayto".

    Se allo thlegrafhma toy to APE (3.3.98) leei oti o Tzem dhlwse pws h xwra toy einai enas poly shmantikos syndesmos anamesa sthn Anatolh kai th Dysh, idiaitera anamesa sthn Eyrwph kai thn Kentrikh Asia, kai xrhsimeyei ws pylh gia th Mesh Anatolh gia tis epixeirhseis kai th diplwmatia.

    "An h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh prokeitai na epekteinei toys orizontes ths, qa einai ergo allwn politismwn to na enisxysoyn to oikonomiko kai politiko orama ths Eyrwphs, kai h Toyrkia exei enan basiko rolo".

    Ejalloy, o Basilias Xoyan Karlos se prosfwnhsh poy aphyqyne pros ton k. Ntemirel eipe:

    "Kyrie Proedre, ...Ean oi politikes mas sxeseis efqasan se ejaireto epipedo, opws prokyptei apo thn epishmh episkech sas, oi oikonomikes mas sxeseis briskontai se mia poreia afypnishs, gegonos poy mas plhmmyrizei me elpida". (Grafeio Typoy Madriths, 4.3.98).

    Symfwna me dhmosieyma ths toyrkikhs efhmeridas XOYRRIET (3.3.98) o Ispanos Prwqypoyrgos Aqnar se dhlwseis toy pros to Praktoreio EKA eipe pws "elpizei oti h ekqesh EXPOTECNIA poy qa pragmatopoihqei ton Aprilio toy 1999 sthn Kwn/polh, sthn opoia qa laboyn meros peripoy 250 ispanikes etaireies, qa bohqhsei sthn anaptyjh twn oikonomikwn sxesewn metajy twn dyo xwrwn".

    Sthn pwlhsh oplwn pros Toyrkia antidra h Dieqnhs Amnhstia h opoia "zhthse eggyhseis wste to ispaniko stratiwtiko yliko poy qa doqei stoys Toyrkoys na mh xrhsimopoihqei gia thn parabiash twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn", anaferei h ispanikh efhmerida EL MUNDO (4. 3.98).

    Kata thn idia efhmerida, diplwmatikes phges anaferan pws: "Olo ayto to oplostasio qa mporoyse na exei ws proorismo thn katastolh twn Koyrdwn epanastatwn poy agwnizontai gia na egaqidrysoyn ena omospondiako kratos sth notioanatolikh pleyra ths xwras".

    Omws, opws anaferei to APE (4.3.98) o Ispanos Prwqypoyrgos dhlwse oti h Ispania "symmerizetai ton eyrwpaiko stoxo ths Toyrkias" kai eyxetai na mhn teqoyn sthn Agkyra "perissoteres proypoqeseis apo opoiadhpote allh xwra gia thn eisodo ths sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh", dhlwse o Ispanos Prwqypoyrgos Xose Maria Aqnar.

    "As mhn kleisoyme thn Toyrkia se stena dromakia ta opoia qa einai adynaton na akoloyqhsei", eipe o Aqnar se koinh synenteyjh Typoy poy edwse me ton Toyrko Proedro Soyleiman Ntemirel.

    H ispanikh efhmerida DIARIO 16 (4.3.98) kykloforhse me prwtoselido titlo poy elege oti "oi ypoyrgoi ths Ispanias den symfwnoyn sto qema ths pwlhshs oplwn sthn Toyrkia".

    H telikh symfwnia poy mporei na kanei h Ispania me thn Toyrkia isws na mhn perilambanei mono oplika systhmata. Symfwna me ta eidhseografika praktoreia EFE kai EUROPA PRESS, o Aqnar eipe oti "egine logos mono gia aeroskafh" kai symplhrwse oti "ean oi Toyrkoi epiqymoyn na syzhthsoyme kai gia ploia, egw den qa pw oxi. Omws, pros to paron, den eteqh tetoio qema".

    Telos anaferomenos sto qema ths symmetoxhs ths Toyrkias sthn Eyrwpaikh Diaskech eipe pws apanthse arnhtika stis epimones protaseis ths Ispanias na labei meros h Toyrkia sthn Eyrwpaikh Diaskech kai ypogrammise: "H Toyrkia exei qigei. Qeloyme oi filoi mas na analaboyn prwtoboylia gia to qema ths entajhs".

    O Proedros Ntemirel epistrefontas apo thn Ispania sthn Toyrkia apanthse-kata thn pthsh- se erwthseis twn dhmosiografwn kai eipe oti proebh sta ejhs aithmata: "H koinh mas gnwmh einai dysaresthmenh. Oyte kai egw den mporw na eishghqw na laboyme meros sthn Eyrwpaikh Diaskech. Qa prepei na kanete kati ki eseis. Oso h E. E. fainetai na ephreazetai apo thn Ellada mporoyn na prokycoyn problhmata poy dyskoleyoyn thn epanorqwsh toy qematos. H Ellada, oso yposthrizetai apo thn E.E., de dexetai tipota. Sthn Kypro yparxoyn dyo koinothtes. H symperifora sas katesthse anisxyrh thn epiteyjh ekei politikhs lyshs". (Grafeio Typoy Madriths, 6.3.98).

    [G] BALKANIA

    [04] Diplwmatikos maraqwnios gia thn ektonwsh ths entashs sto Kossyfopedio-Oloklhrwqhkan oi serbikes ekkaqaristikes epixeirhseis sthn perioxh

    Fortismenh ejakoloyqei na paramenei h katastash sto Kossyfopedio, meta tis aimathres sygkroyseis poy jespasan ayth th bdomada sthn perioxh ths Ntrenitsa, kata th diarkeia twn ekkaqaristikwn epixeirhsewn poy ejapelysan oi serbikes dynameis asfaleias enantion twn ejtremistwn toy "Apeleyqerwtikoy Stratoy toy Kossyfopedioy".

    Thn idia wra h dieqnhs koinothta enteinei tis diplwmatikes prospaqeies ths gia thn ektonwsh ths entashs kai thn ejeyresh mias symbibastikhs kai biwsimhs lyshs poy qa apotrecei ton kindyno, oi sygkroyseis metajy Serbwn kai Albanwn sto Kossyfopedio na epektaqoyn se oloklhrh th Balkanikh.

    Ta aimathra gegonota arxisan to perasmeno Sabbatokyriako me thn prwth epixeirhsh poy pragmatopoihsan oi serbikes dynameis sthn perioxh ths Ntrenitsa, dytika ths Pristina, opoy h katastash eixe jefygei ap' to serbiko elegxo kai oysiastika apoteloyse thn edra twn tromokratwn toy Apeleyqerwtikoy Stratoy. Stis sygkroyseis brhkan to qanato 28 Albanoi kai 4 astynomikoi. Thn Pempth 5 Martioy arxise h deyterh fash twn ekkaqaristikwn epixeirhsewn, h opoia oloklhrwqhke to Sabbato 7 Martioy.

    H serbikh astynomia anakoinwse oti katastrafhke pyrhnas tromokratikwn symmoriwn Albanwn aposxistwn sto xwrio Ntonie Prekaz kai sth Srempitsa (perioxh ths Ntrenitsa). Stis sygkroyseis skotwqhke kai o hgeths twn tromokratwn, o 43xronos Antem Giasari.

    Symfwna me thn anakoinwsh ths astynomias, o Giasari sth diarkeia toy 1990 ekane stratiwtikh ekpaideysh sthn Albania, meta apo thn opoia sxhmatise paranomh enoplh tromokratikh symmoria. Logw twn sobarwn poinikwn prajewn kai tromokratikwn epiqesewn stis opoios polla atoma kai astynomikoi skotwqhkan kai traymatisthkan, o Giasari eixe katadikastei erhmhn se 20 xronia fylakh.

    O apologismos ths deyterhs fashs ths ekkaqaristikhs epixeirhshs htan ejisoy qliberos. H serbikh astynomia paredwse stoys Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy 62 ptwmata, poy opws isxyrizetai anhkan ston "Apeleyqerwtiko Strato toy Kossyfopedioy".

    H "Dhmokratikh Enwsh", toy Imprahm Roygkoba anakoinwse oti orismena apo ta ptwmata den einai anagnwrisima kai gia to logo ayto oi Albanoi arnoyntai na ta qacoyn kai zhtoyn na ginoyn aytocies apo anejarthtoys iatrodikastes (APE 9.3.98).

    Eyrwpaikes pieseis ston Milosebits

    Opws htan anamenomeno, oi teleytaies dramatikes ejelijeis sto Kossyfopedio shmanan synagermo sthn Eyrwph kai thn Amerikh kai, en mesw apeilwn pros to Beligradi, jekinhsan diplwmatikes prwtoboylies gia thn apoklimakwsh ths entashs.

    O Eyrwpaios Epitropos ejwterikwn ypoqesewn Xans Ban Nten Mproyk aphyqyne aysthrh proeidopoihsh pros ton Proedro ths Gioygkoslabias Sl. Milosebits, ton opoio kalese na apokatasthsei thn aytonomia twn Albanwn toy Kossyfopedioy. Sto idio mhkos kymatos kinhqhke kai o Bretanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Rompin Koyk, o opoios thn Pempth 5 Martioy episkefqhke to Beligradi kai synanthqhke me ton Proedro Milosebits kai ton Gioygkoslabo omologo toy Zibantin Giobanobits.

    Symfwna me anakoinwsh ths gioygkoslabikhs Proedrias, poy metedwse to praktoreio TANGIOYGK, o k. Milosebits tonise sto Bretano ypoyrgo oti to problhma toy Kossyfopedioy einaiena eswteriko zhthma kai mporei na epilyqei apokleistika sth Serbia.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy, meta thn oloklhrwsh twn synanthsewn toy, o k. Koyk tonise oti metefere ston Proedro Milosebits mhnyma ek meroys olwn twn eyrwpaikwn xwrwn oti proypoqesh gia thn omalopoihsh twn sxesewns ths Gioygkoslabias me thn E.E. einai h thrhsh twn eyrwpaikwn stantarnts se oti afora ta anqrwpina dikaiwmata, tis politikes eleyqeries kai ta dikaiwmata twn meionothtwn.

    Gia to qema toy Kossyfopedioy eipe oti katanoei th qesh toy Proedroy Milosebits oti einai eswteriko zhthma ths Gioygkoslabias, alla tonise oti to zhthma twn politikwn eleyqeriwn kai twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn einai zhthma poy apasxolei oles tis eyrwpaikes xwres.

    O Bretanos ypoyrgos prosqese akoma pws tonise ston k. Milosebits oti prepei na efarmostei amesa kai plhrws h ekpaideytikh symfwnia poy ypegrace me ton Impraxim Roygkoba ws prwto bhma omalopoihshs ths katastashs kai prosqese oti qa prepei na lhfqoyn metra poy na ikanopoioyn tis nomimes politikes diekdikhseis ths syntriptikhs pleiochfias twn katoikwn toy Kossyfopedioy, poy epiqymoyn mia dieyrymenh politikh aytonomia.

    Epishs o k. Koyk katadikase aperifrasta thn tromokratia, zhthse thn apomonwsh aytwn poy akoloyqoyn tetoies meqodoys kai prosfere thn yposthrijh ths E.E. pros tis metriopaqeis proswpikothtes toy Kossyfopedioy, opws o k. Roygkoba.

    Anefere akomh oti zhthse ap' th gioygkoslabikh kybernhsh na epitrecei sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh na anoijei grafeio sthn prwteyoysa toy Kossyfopedioy, thn Pristina.

    Pagkalos: Katadikazoyme tis aposxistikes taseis

    H peraiterw anaptyjh twn dimerwn sxesewn, alla kai oi ejelijeis sto Kossyfopedio htan to antikeimeno twn synomiliwn poy eixe stis 6 Martioy sto Beligradi, o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Q. Pagkalos me to Gioygkoslabo omologo toy Zibantin Giobanobits, ton Proedro ths Serbias Milan Miloytinobits kai ton Proedro ths Omospondiakhs Dhmokratias ths Gioygkoslabias Slompontan Milosebits.

    Amesws meta th synanthsh toy me to Gioygkoslabo omologo toy o k. Pagkalos anaforika me to Kossyfopedio tonise oti:

    "H ellhnikh qesh einai jekaqarh. Katadikazoyme tis aposxistikes taseis, yposthrizoyme thn yparjh twn shmerinwn eqnikwn kratwn sth Balkanikh kai eimaste antiqetoi se oiadhpote peraiterw metabolh twn yparxontwn synorwn kai katadikazoyme fysika thn tromokratia kai thn enoplh bia.

    H Ellada epishs einai apo tis xwres poy yperaspizoyn ta anqrwpina dikaiwmata kai pisteyoyme oti ta anqrwpina dikaiwmata kai h eleyqeria ths ekfrashs prepei na prostateyontai pantoy".

    Meta thn oloklhrwsh twn epafwn toy sto Beligradi, o k. Pagkalos dhlwse pros toys Ellhnes dhmosiografoys oti ayth th stigmh yparxoyn treis prooptikes poy fainetai oti tis epomenes hmeres mporei na karpoforhsoyn gia na ektonwsoyn kapws thn katastash.

    H prwth prooptikh, eipe o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn, einai h efarmogh mias symfwnias poy hdh ligo poly exei oloklhrwqei-yparxoyn elaxista shmeia poy menoyn akaqorista-gia na leitoyrghsei to ekpaideytiko systhma sto Kosobo.

    To deytero shmeio, prosqese, einai oti h Gioygkoslabia problepei kaqestws aytonomias gia th Boibontina, to opoio efarmozetai. Pros ayth thn kateyqynsh qa mporoyse na epidiwxqei kapoio analogo kaqestws gia to Kosobo. Exw thn pepoiqhsh, tonise o k. Pagkalos, oti qa yparjoyn prospaqeies, wste na protaqei pros toys hgetes- toylaxiston toys metriopaqeis hgetes-ths albanikhs koinothtas sto Kosobo mia lysh analogh me ayth poy isxyei sthn Boibontina.

    Trith diejodos, einai h synanthsh twn hgetwn ths Albanias kai ths Gioygkoslabias se kapoio epipedo h twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn an oxi twn arxhgwn kratwn, poy qa mporoyse na ginei eite edw, eite sta Tirana, eite se endiamesoys xwroys kai bebaiws emeis gia oles aytes tis lyseis kai tis prooptikes poy anoigontai eimaste etoimoi na prosferoyme kai prosferoyme hdh, tis kales mas yphresies (APE, 6.3. 98).

    Sth synexeia o k. Pagkalos ejefrase thn antiqesh toy sthn epibolh kyrwsewn se baros ths Gioygkoslabias.

    Me kyrwseis apeiloyn oi HPA

    Me aformh thn klimakwsh ths bias sto Kossyfopedio, oi HPA apesyran tis periorismenes oikonomikes paraxwrhseis poy proseferan sth Gioygkoslabia molis thn perasmenh ebdomada. O anaplhrwths ekproswpos toy Steit Nthpartment Tzeims Folei dhlwse stis 5 Martioy oti qa yparjoyn sobares arnhtikes synepeies gia thn O.D. ths Gioygkoslabias kai prosqese oti oi synepeies aytes qa arxisoyn me thn aposyrsh twn tessarwn qetikwn metrwn poy o eidikos apestalmenos Rompert Gkelmpart symfwnhse thn perasmenh bdomada me ton Proedro Milosebits.

    H Amerikanida ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Mantlin Olmprait, h opoia kata th diarkeia toy Sabbatokyriakoy episkefqhke diadoxika th Rwmh, to Parisi kai th Bonh, opoy eixe synomilies me toys symmaxoys prin ap' thn krisimh synodo twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn twn 6 xwrwn ths Omadas Epafhs, poy qa ginei sto Londino stis 9 Martioy, eperrice thn apokleistikh eyqynh ston Proedro Milosebits kai prosqese oti oi HPA den qa anexqoyn mia nea aimatoxysia sthn prwhn Gioygkoslabia.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy sthn italikh prwteyoysa h ka Olmprait dhlwse oti oi HPA "den qa parameinoyn aploi qeates" sto aimatokylisma toy Kossyfopedioy apo tis serbikes arxes kai den apekleise kamia prooptikh gia na termatisqei h bia.

    H Amerikanida YPEJ tonise oti qa protrecei tis xwres poy apoteloyn thn Omada Epafhs na akoloyqhsoyn thn politikh ths Oyasigkton gia epibolh kyrwsewn sto Beligradi.

    Opws einai gnwsto, thn Omada Epafhs apartizoyn oi HPA, h Bretania, h Gallia, h Germania, h Italia kai h Rwsia.

    Antidra h Rwsia

    Sta amerikanika sxedia antitiqetai omws h Rwsia, h opoia exei paradosiaka kales sxeseis me th Serbia. H Mosxa, opws metedwse to Praktoreio Interfaj (6.3.98) qewrei thn krish sto Kossyfopedio eswterikh gioygkoslabikh ypoqesh.

    Se anakoinwsh toy rwsikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn tonizetai oti "einai aparadektes oi dhlwseis merikwn antiproswpwn dytikwn xwrwn gia thn piqanothta ameshs anameijhs apo to ejwteriko, kai thn epimonh ths yper ths epibolhs opoioydhpote eidoys kyrwsewn enantion ths O.D. ths Gioygkoslabias.

    Einai xarakthristiko oti sth synanthsh twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn twn xwrwn ths Omadas Epafhs den qa symmetasxei o Rwsos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Gebgkeni Primakof, alla o yfypoyrgos Nikolai Afanasiefski.

    Prwtoboylies Kinkel

    O Germanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Klaoys Kinkel zhthse thn amesh sygklhsh toy Symboylioy Asfaleias toy OHE, prokeimenoy na apotrapei mia genikoterh anaflejh, h opoia mporei na katastrecei th staqerothta kai thn eirhnh se olh thn perioxh.

    O arxhgos ths germanikhs diplwmatias proteine akomh:

    *Thn paratash ths entolhs pros thn eirhneytikh dynamh toy OHE UNPREDEP na parameinoyn sthn PGDM.

    * Thn ariqmhtikh enisxysh ths astynomikhs dynamhs ths Dytikoeyrwpaikhs Enwshs sthn Albania.

    * Thn energopoihsh toy OASE, me thn apostolh sthn perioxh toy prwhn Prwqypoyrgoy ths Ispanias F. Gkonzales kai

    * Ton syntonismo metajy twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn ths Omadas Epafhs me thn E.E. kai tis balkanikes xwres.

    O Kinkel proeidopoihse toys Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy oti "h tromokratia kai h bia den yphretoyn thn ypoqesh toys kai oti h dieqnhs koinothta den qa syrqei sth logikh twn aposxistwn" (Gal. Prakt., 6.3.98).

    Mhnyma Ntemirel ston Milosebits

    H Toyrkia epidiwkontas na paijei energo rolo sthn krish toy Kossyfopedioy proxwrhse se dyo kinhseis: Prwton, o Proedros Ntemirel apesteile me ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn Ismahl Tzem mhnyma pros ton Proedro ths Gioygkoslabias Sl. Milosebits, kalwntas ton na epideijei metriopaqeia kai na efarmosei tis arxes toy OASE gia thn epilysh toy problhmatos toy Kossyfopedioy kai deyteron, o Prwqypoyrgos Mesoyt Gilmaz espeyse sth Boylgaria gia synomilies me ton Boylgaro omologo toy Iban Kostof. Opws einai gnwsto, h Boylgaria epexeirhse na anameijei thn Agkyra stis balkanikes ejelijeis, yposthrizontas thn protash gia tetramerh dhlwsh (Boylgarias, Elladas, Toyrkias kai Roymanias) gia thn krish sto Kossyfopedio.

    O Toyrkos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Tzem, anaxwrwntas to Sabbato 7 Martioy apo thn Agkyra gia to Beligradi, dhlwse oti h Toyrkia sebetai thn edafikh akeraiothta ths Gioygkoslabias kai to dikaiwma ths na prostateyei ta synora ths.

    "Omws den mporoyme na eimaste adiaforoi enanti ths synexishs ths katapieshs kai twn skotwmwn. An ta gegonota jefygoyn apo ton elegxo, mporoyn na epektaqoyn kai se alla balkanika krath, symperilambanomenhs ths Toyrkias kai ths Elladas", eipe o k. Tzem.

    Sto Beligradi o Toyrkos ypoyrgos synanthqhke me ton Gioygkoslabo omologo toy k. Giobanobits kai ton Sl. Milosebits. Amesws meta tis synomilies o k. Tzem dhlwse pws sxhmatise thn entypwsh oti qa mporoysan na ginoyn kapoia qetika bhmata ston tomea ths ejomalynshs ths ekpaideyshs sthn albanikh glwssa sto Kossyfopedio.

    O Proedros Milosebits, symfwna me to praktoreio TANGIOYGK, epanelabe oti to problhma toy Kossyfopedioy einai eswterikh serbikh ypoqesh kai prepei na epilyqei mono mesa sth Serbia, sth bash kai sto plaisio toy syntagmatos kai twn nomwn ths".

    Anhsyxoyn Albania kai Skopia

    Tis ejelijeis sto Kossyfopedio parakoloyqoyn me idiaitero endiaferon toso h Albania oso kai h PGDM kai idiaitera h koinothta twn albanofwnwn sth xwra ayth.

    Kai stis dyo aytes xwres pragmatopoihqhkan diadhlwseis symparastashs pros toys albanofwnoys toy Kossyfopedioy.

    Oi ejelijeis malista sth serbikh ayth eparxia odhghsan to Dhmokratiko Komma toy Sali Mperisa na epistrecei epeita apo polloys mhnes stis diadikasies ths Boylhs.

    Sthn kentrikh plateia twn Tiranwn organwqhke stis 6 Martioy megalh sygkentrwsh, sthn opoia parabreqhkan o Proedros ths Dhmokratias Retzep Meintani, o Proedros ths Boylhs k. Gkinoysi, o Grammateas toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos k. Maiko, o Proedros toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos k. Mperisa kai ekproswpoi olwn twn kommatwn ths xwras.

    Basikos omilhths htan o Proedros ths Dhmokratias, o opoios ejefrase thn allhleggyh toy albanikoy laoy pros toys Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy kai thn politikh toys hgesia, katadikase th bia twn Serbwn se baros twn Albanwn, zhthse ap' th Dieqnh Koinothta kai toys Dieqneis Organismoys na askhsoyn piesh sto Beligradi, epanelabe oti to problhma mporei na lyqei mesw dialogoy metajy Beligradioy kai Pristinas, enw aphyqyne ekklhsh stoys Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy na diathrhsoyn thn cyxraimia toys.

    Sto idio pneyma kinhqhke kai h omilia toy Grammatea toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos, enw o Sali Mperisa zhthse ap' tis HPA kai thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh na timwrhsoyn ton "Santam twn Balkaniwn", opws apokalese ton Gioygkoslabo Proedro Milosebits.

    Thn idia wra oi albanikes dynameis asfaleias eixan teqei se epifylakh, enw h kybernhsh ths xwras zhthse na sygklhqei epeigontws to Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE me hmerhsia diatajh thn analhch drashs ek meroys ths dieqnoys koinothtas, me skopo na apofeyxqei mia nea tragwdia sto Kossyfopedio.

    Sta Skopia twra, o Proedros ths xwras Kiro Gkligkorof se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida Poyls ejefrase foboys oti mia endexomenh ekrhjh sto Kossyfopedio mporei na odhghsei thn PGDM akoma kai sth dialysh.

    Thn PGDM episkefqhke stis 7 Martioy kai o anwtatos dioikhths twn NATOikwn dynamewn sthn Eyrwph strathgos Oyesli Klark, o opoios synanthqhke me ton Proedro Gkligkorof.

    Amesws meta th synanthsh, o Skopianos Proedros epeshmane oti h dieqnhs koinothta qa prepei na enisxysei tis prospaqeies ths wste na ejeyreqei mia eirhnikh lysh sto Kossyfopedio.

    Sto metajy, me aformh th sygkentrwsh twn Albanwn twn Skopiwn gia symparastash stoys omoeqneis toys toy Kossyfopedioy, to Sosialistiko Komma, poy metexei ston kybernhtiko synaspismo, se anakoinwsh toy anaferei oti tetoies sygkentrwseis den wfeloyn thn epilysh toy problhmatos, alla antiqeta ojynoyn thn katastash. Epishs sthn idia anakoinwsh tonizetai pws to gegonos oti h sygkentrwsh diorganwqhke mono apo toys Albanoys blaptei th symbiwsh twn eqnothtwn sto eswteriko ths PGDM.

    Anhsyxei kai h Boylgaria

    Ekdhlh omws einai h anhsyxia kai sth Boylgaria apo ta gegonota toy Kossyfopedioy. Se anakoinwsh toy boylgarikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn anaferetai oti "h krish sto Kossyfopedio mporei na metatrapei se eqnikistikh diamaxh, h opoia einai piqano na epektaqei kai se alles xwres ths perioxhs".

    "Oi Albanoi prepei na arnhqoyn kaqe aytonomistikh politikh kai na sebastoyn thn edafikh akeraiothta ths O.D. ths Gioygkoslabias", tonizetai sthn anakoinwsh, sthn opoia prostiqetai oti oi arxes toy Beligradioy prepei na "anazhthsoyn lyseis poy na basizontai se mia eyryterh aytonomia toy Kossyfopedioy" (APE, Gal. Prakt., 5.3.98).

    Senaria gia epektash twn sygkroysewn

    Se arqro ths efhmeridas WASHINGTON TIMES (3.3.98) ekfrazontai foboi mhpws oi sygkroyseis sto Kossyfopedio epektaqoyn sthn eyryterh perioxh, sthn PGDM, sthn Albania, thn Ellada kai th Boylgaria.

    Ekfrazetai epishs h anhsyxia oti oi ejelijeis aytes qetoyn se kindyno tis amerikanikes eirhneytikes prospaqeies sth Bosnia.

    Paromoio einai kai to dhmosieyma ths amerikanikhs efhmeridas WASHINGTON POST (6.3.98), symfwna me to opoio "h nea epiqesh twn serbikwn dynamewn enantion Albanwn antartwn sto Kossyfopedio exei anhsyxhsei entona thn kybernhsh Klinton kai alles dytikes kybernhseis poy foboyntai oti to Kossyfopedio mporei na apotelesei th nea pyritidapoqhkh kai na emplejei se polemo tis geitonikes xwres Albania, PGDM kai piqanon tis dyo symmaxoys toy NATO, thn Ellada kai thn Toyrkia".

    Telos, h efhmerida NEW YORK TIMES (8.3.98) se kyrio arqro ths anaferei oti h bia sto Kosobo endexomenws na epektaqei s' olh th balkanikh ws kai th geitonikh "Makedonia" poy exei thn albanofwnh meionothta, kaqws arketoi geitones ths exoyn edafikes bleceis, kai mporei na dhmioyrghsoyn mia xawdh katastash kai sthn Albania, Boylgaria, Ellada kai Toyrkia emplekomenoi se mia enoplh syrrajh.

    To arqro yposthrizei oti h dieqnhs koinothta prepei na ypenqymisei stoys Albanoys toy Kosobo oti o kosmos den qa yponomeysei ton stoxo twn polyeqnotikwn kratwn yposthrizontas thn anejarthsia toy Kosobo. Kalyterh lysh einai h apokatastash toy aytodioikoymenoy Kosobo poy isxye prin to 1989.

    H Rwsia, h Ellada, h Italia kai h Megalh Bretania qa prepei na diakocoyn tis synallages toys me to Beligradi kai na pagwsoyn oi kratikoi kai proswpikoi logariasmoi poy diathrei o Milosebits sto ejwteriko, kai symfwna me plhrofories polloi ap' aytoys toys logariasmoys briskontai sthn Kypro, katalhgei to arqro ths amerikanikhs efhmeridas.

    [D] MESH ANATOLH

    [05] Karkinobatoyn oi prospaqeies gia anaqermansh ths eirhneytikhs diadikasias sth Mesh Anatolh

    To telma synexizetai sthn eirhneytikh diadikasia sth Mesh Anatolh, oi opoies de prospaqeies ejakoloyqoyn na ginontai gia anaqermansh ths diadikasias xarakthrizontai mallon apo atolmia, an oxi aproqymia, twn amesa emplekomenwn stis diapragmateyseis merwn.

    Mesa sto telma ayto, jexwrizei kat' arxas h protash toy Palaistinioy Proedroy Giaser Arafat, gia epeigoysa syzhthsh arabikhs synodoy, prokeimenoy na antimetwpisqei "h israhlinh politikh yponomeyshs ths eirhneytikhs diadikasias sth Mesh Anatolh".

    Opws metedwse h Palaistiniakh Radiofwnia (8.3.98), o Giaser Arafat, sth diarkeia ths synanthshs toy me ta melh toy palaistiniakoy nomoqetikoy symboylioy, proeidopoihse oti to Israhl xrhsimopoiei thn krish ston Kolpo gia na kateyqynei thn prosoxh ths dieqnoys koinothtas makria apo thn eirhneytikh diadikasia.

    "Giati oi dieqneis synqhkes efarmozontai mono anaforikws me tis arabikes xwres" anarwthqhke o Arafat, parapempontas sto Irak, sth Libyh kai to Soydan, "kai oxi kai ws pros to Israhl to opoio tis parabiazei apo to 1948;".

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o Israhlinos Prwqypoyrgos Mpeniamin Netaniaxoy, apo to Oslo ths Norbhgias opoy briskotan gia epishmh episkech, aperrice tis dhlwseis toy Proedroy ths Palaistiniakhs Arxhs, Giaser Arafat, symfwna me ton opoio h eirhneytikh diadikasia einai "sxedon nekrh" kathgorwntas ton Palaistinio hgeth oti apoqarrynei oles tis prospaqeies.

    Apeyqynomenos stoys dhmosiografoys sto Oslo, meta to telos twn synomiliwn toy me to Norbhgo ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn, Knoyt Bolempergk, o k. Netaniaxoy tonise oti oi dhlwseis toy k. Arafat stoxeyoyn sthn apoqarrynsh olwn twn prospaqeiwn gia thn prowqhsh ths eirhneytikhs diadikasias (APE-Gall. Prakt. 7.3.98).

    Pantws, ws diabebaiwseis oti sto mellon qa thrhqei kata gramma apo to Israhl h Symfwnia toy Oslo, ermhneyontai ta osa aneferan sth synenteyjh Typoy, toso o Prwqypoyrgos toy Israhl oso kai o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths Norbhgias.

    "Hrqa sth Norbhgia dioti pisteyw apolyta ston oysiastiko rolo poy paizei sth Mesh Anatolh, kaqws epishs dioti pisteyw akoma sth symfwnia toy Oslo", htan to oysiastikotero twn oswn eipe o Mpeniamin Netaniaxoy, enw o Norbhgos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Knoyt Bolempergk, tonise oti "h Norbhgia qa synexisei na einai mesolabhths metajy twn dyo pleyrwn".

    Sth synenteyjh typoy, me thn opoia oloklhrwqhke h dihmerh episkech toy Prwqypoyrgoy toy Israhl sth norbhgikh prwteyoysa, oyte o Mpeniamin Netaniaxoy alla oyte kai o Knoyt Bolempergk aneferan sygkekrimena sto poy katelhjan oi synomilies toy Israhlinoy Prwqypoyrgoy me to Norbhgo omologo toy Sel Magkne Mpoyntebik.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei oti liges meres nwritera (5.3.98), apo thn Ispania sthn opoia metebh epishs gia epishmh episkech, o Prwqypoyrgos toy Israhl Mpeniamin Netaniaxoy apokalyce oti exei apeyqynei prosklhsh ston Palaistinio Proedro Giaser Arafat sth synanthsh, poy an pragmatopoihqei qa einai h prwth anamesa stoys dyo hgetes edw kai pente mhnes.

    O k. Netaniaxoy dhlwse oti exei steilei prosklhsh ston k. Arafat, alla den gnwrizei an etyxe qetikhs apanthshs.

    H palaistiniakh pleyra, mesw toy ekproswpoy toy k. Arafat, dhlwse oti o Palaistinios hgeths den exei labei "kamia epishmh prosklhsh" gia synanthsh me ton k. Netaniaxoy. Pantws, anwnymes palaistiniakes phges aneferan sto galliko praktoreio oti h piqanothta mias tetoias synanthshs eixe syzhthqei kata th diarkeia synanthshs anamesa ston k. Netaniaxoy kai ton deytero sthn palaistiniakh eparxia, Maxmoynt Ampas.

    Sto metajy, o Bretanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Rompin Koyk, se synenteyjh toy sto ebdomadiaio bretaniko aristero periodiko "NEW STATESMAN" (4.3.98), zhthse thn ayjhsh twn piesewn kata toy Israhl, kathgorwntas thn kybernhsh toy Israhlinoy Prwqypoyrgoy, Mpeniamin Netaniaxoy, oti qetei se kindyno thn eirhneytikh diadikasia.

    Ejalloy, perissoteroi apo 1500 ychlobaqmoi ajiwmatoyxoi toy israhlinoy stratoy kai ths astynomias ypografoyn epistolh (8.3.98), pros ton Prwqypoyrgo ths xwras, Mpeniamin Netaniaxoy, me thn opoia ton kaloyn na epilejei thn eirhnh me toys Arabes ki oxi th synexish ths politikhs toy epoikismoy twn arabikwn edafwn.

    H epistolh ayth, poy doqhke shmera sth dhmosiothta, einai sxedon panomoiotyph me ekeinh poy eixe stalei prin apo 20 xronia ston tote Prwqypoyrgo toy Israhl, Menaxem Mpegkin, otan oi eirhneytikes synomilies me thn Aigypto briskontan se krisimh fash. H epistolh toy 1978 htan kai to prwto deigma grafhs toy kinhmatos "Eirhnh twra", to opoio brisketai kai pali pisw apo th nea prwtoboylia.

    Thn proqesh toy na episkefqei th Mesh Anatolh, ekane gnwsth, me anakoinwsh toy ekproswpoy toy, o Genikos Grammateas toy OHE Kofi Anan. Eidikotera, o Genikos Grammateas toy OHE Kofi Anan qa pragmatopoihsei periodeia se tesseris xwres ths Meshs Anatolhs kai sta palaistiniaka edafh, apo tis 19 ews 26 Martioy, anakoinwse o ekproswpos toy OHE k. Frent Ekxarnt.

    Ayth h periodeia, poy arxika eixe problefqei gia ton Febroyario, akyrwqhke logw ths irakinhs krishs.

    [06] Diaswqhke h eirhnh sto Irak- Epimenoyn stis apeiles toys oi Amerikanoi....

    H eirhnh sthn perioxh toy Irak fainetai pws diaswqhke, toylaxiston pros to paron, kaqws h symfwnia metajy toy Genikoy Grammatea toy OHE Kofi Anan kai toy kaqestwtos ths Bagdaths epikyrwqhke omofwna apo to Symboylio Asfaleias toy Organismoy kai oi epiqewrhtes toy jekinhsan kai pali toys elegxoys toys sto Irak, aproskopta malista, opws anaferetai sta thlegrafhmata twn dieqnwn eidhseografikwn praktoreiwn kai stis antapokriseis twn dhmosiografwn poy kalyptoyn ta gegonota.

    En toytois, oi HPA emmenoyn stis apeiles toys peri prosfyghs sth bia, ean to Irak den thrhsei mexri teloys th symfwnia. To erwthma malista, kata poso h apofash toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, me thn opoia epikyrwnetai h symfwnia toy k. Kofi Anan me ton Santam Xoysein, epitrepei kai thn analhch stratiwtikhs drashs aytomatws, xwris allh synedriash toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, se periptwsh mh symmorfwshs toy Irak me th symfwnia, proseilkyse se megalo baqmo to endiaferon toy Typoy, afoy diistantai oi apoceis, en prokeimenw, twn kratwn- melwn toy OHE poy exoyn prwtagwnisthsei sthn krish toy Irak.

    H epimaxh frash, gyrw apo thn opoia peristrafhkan oi diaforetikes ektimhseis kai apoceis, einai h frash "sobares synepeies", me thn opoia to Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE, sto omofwno chfisma toy me to opoio epikyrwnei th symfwnia, proeidopoiei to Irak sthn periptwsh poy parempodisei tis epiqewrhseis twn eidikwn toy OHE. Wstoso, sto keimeno ths apofashs, den prosdiorizontai poies prokeitai na einai oi synepeies, me tis opoies apeileitai to Irak.

    Opws epishmainoyn de ta eidhseografika praktoreia Aqhnaiko kai Roiter (3.3.98), to keimeno exei syntaxqei kata tetoio tropo, poy na ikanopoiei polla melh toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, ta opoia apaitoysan na yparxoyn eggyhseis oti h apofash, den qa egkrinei aytomatws thn prosfygh sth bia, se periptwsh poy to Irak parabei th symfwnia.

    Ligo nwritera, kai en anamonh ths chfishs ths symfwnias apo to Symboylio Asfaleias, o Genikos Grammateas toy OHE milwntas pros ta melh toy proeidopoihse to Irak oti h prosfath symfwnia sthn opoia katelhjan kai h opoia problepei thn eleyqerh prosbash twn epiqewrhtwn toy OHE se oles tis stratiwtikes toy egkatastaseis, isws apotelei thn teleytaia eykairia ths diplwmatias (APE-Roiter 3. 3.98).

    Oi HPA pantws apo thn pleyra toys, espeysan na ermhneysoyn to chfisma toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, kai eidikotera th frash- proeidopoihsh pros to Irak oti qa ypostei tis "pleon sobares synepeies" ean den sebastei tis desmeyseis toy sxetika me thn epiqewrhsh twn egkatastasewn poy endexomenws kryboyn opla mazikhs katastrofhs, oti toys dinei thn "adeia na drasoyn". Ayth toylaxiston thn ermhneia edwse o idios o Proedros twn HPA Mpil Klinton, milwntas sth diarkeia ekdhlwshs sto Leyko Oiko (3.3.98).

    Alla kai o ekproswpos toy Leykoy Oikoy Maikl Makeri, proeidopoihse oti h ekfrash "oi pleon sobares synepeies", shmainei kaqara "mia stratiwtikh energeia". O k. Makeri dieykrinise bebaia, oti "to Symboylio Asfaleias yioqethse mia qesh arxhs sthn opoia den problepetai aytomath prosfygh" se stratiwtikes energeies, se periptwsh poy to Irak den sebastei th symfwnia poy ypografhke thn perasmenh ebdomada me ton OHE. Omws, ejhghse o k. Makeri, ola ta melh toy Symboylioy gnwrizoyn poly kala oti h ekfrash "oi pleon sobares synepeies" shmainei thn prosfygh sth bia (APE-Gall. Prakt.- Roiter-Germ. Prakt. 3.3.98).

    Kathgorhmatika antiqetes me thn aytomath prosfygh sth bia, einai polles alles xwres, oi opoies ektimoyn oti to chfisma toy Symboylioy Asfaleias den epitrepei th stratiwtikh energeia enantion toy Irak, se periptwsh poy to teleytaio den symmorfwqei me toys oroys kai tis desmeyseis ths symfwnias.

    Metajy aytwn twn xwrwn symperilambanetai kai h Kina, h opoia me dhlwsh toy ekproswpoy toy kinezikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn Zoy Mpangkzao, tonise oti h apofash toy Symboylioy Asfaleias toy OHE, den apotelei "eisithrio" gia th xrhsh stratiwtikhs bias enantion ths Bagdaths (3.3.98).

    O k. Mpangktao dhlwse akomh oti to Symboylio Asfaleias qa prepei "na diapistwsei meta apo syzhthsh ean to Irak parabiazei th symfwnia kai ean xreiazetai na analhfqei drash se apanthsh".

    Alla kai o Kinezos monimos antiproswpos sto Symboylio Asfaleias, Tsin Xoyasan, kaqws kai o Rwsos synadelfos toy Sergkei Labrwf, tonisan oti h egkrish ths apofashs den shmainei me kanenan tropo oti to Symboylio Asfaleias ejoysiodotei opoiodhpote kratos na xrhsimopoihsei bia kata toy Irak.

    Sto idio mhkos kymatos kinhqhke kai o Gallos presbeyths sta Hnwmena Eqnh Alen Ntezame, o opoios dhlwse oti h apofash toy Symboylioy Asfaleias "apokleiei thn idea ths aytomaths apanthshs" (APE-Roiter- Gall. Prakt., 3.3.98).

    Sthn enqen kai enqen epixeirhmatologia kai allhlosygkroyomenh ermhneia ths epimaxhs frashs toy chfismatos, epixeirhse na balei ena telos o idios o Genikos Grammateas toy OHE Kofi Anan, o opoios me dhlwsh toy (8.3.98), dieykrinizei oti kaqe stratiwtiko plhgma enantion toy Irak, sthn periptwsh poy to teleytaio den sebastei th symfwnia me ton OHE gia ton elegxo twn ejoplismwn, proypoqetei aparaithta diaboyleyseis stoys kolpoys toy Symboylioy Asfaleias.

    Thn yposthrijh toy pros thn apofash twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn gia to Irak ejefrase kai to NATO, me dhlwsh apo tis Bryjelles toy genikoy grammatea toy Xabier Solana (4.3.98), enw o antiproswpos toy Irak sthn edra toy OHE sth Geneyh, Mparzan Takriti, me synenteyjh toy sth saoydarabikh efhmerida "Al Xagiat" (3.3.98), afoy ekfrazei thn ikanopoihsh toy gia thn paroysia diplwmatwn sthn "eidikh epitroph" poy qa analabei thn epiqewrhsh twn 8 proedrikwn topoqesiwn, dhlwnei oti h symfwnia anamesa sto Irak kai ton OHE gia thn epiqewrhsh twn proedrikwn topoqesiwn, "apotelei eggyhsh enantia stis proklhseis twn epiqewrhtwn".

    Sto metajy, o antiproedros ths irakinhs kybernhshs Tarek Aziz dhlwse oti h xwra toy qa thrhsei th symfwnia poy ypegrace me ton Geniko Grammatea toy OHE Kofi Anan gia thn epiqewrhsh twn legomenwn "proedrikwn megarwn", apo toys epiqewrhtes toy Organismoy.

    "Ypogracame mia symfwnia me ton geniko grammatea. Eimaste desmeymenoi sthn thrhsh twn orwn ths symfwnias kai tipote allo apo thn pleyra mas", dhlwse o Aziz se anakoinwsh toy poy metadoqhke apo to irakino praktoreio eidhsewn INA (3.3.98).

    O idios, mia mera nwritera (2.3.98), se synenteyjh toy sto amerikaniko thleoptiko diktyo CNN, dhlwse oti h xwra toy epiqymei na exei "omales sxeseis" me tis HPA kai th Bretania.


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