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Review of the week, 98-03-05

Hellenic Ministry of Press and Mass Media: The Week in Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Ministry of Press & Mass Media <http://www.minpress.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

[A] E/T SXESEIS-KYPRIAKO

  • [01] Kindynologei h Agkyra me aformh tis ellhnikes qeseis
  • [02] Leykwsia kai E.E. se anazhthsh tropwn emplokhs twn Toyrkokypriwn stis enta- jiakes diapragmateyseis
  • [03] Xanoyn edafos oi Islamistes- Pontoi gia thn Toyrkia apo Eyrwph
  • [B] BALKANIA

  • [04] Entonh anhsyxia prokalei h ekrhjh bias sto Kossyfopedio
  • [05] Sto keno epesan oi prospaqeies Mperisa gia apostaqeropoihsh ths katastashs sthn Albania- Sto pleyro toy Fatos Nano h Dieqnhs Koinothta
  • [06] Oi HPA, parallhla me tis pieseis, epibrabeyoyn thn politikh toy Slompontan Milosebits
  • [07] Neo politiko komma idryetai sta Skopia apo ton Basil Topoyrkofski
  • [08] H Paraegnatia antikeimeno twn synomiliwn Pronti-Kostof sth Sofia
  • [G] MESH ANATOLH

  • [09] H symfwnia sto Irak "pilotos" gia eirhnikh epilysh kai toy Palaistiniakoy;
  • [10] Apomakrynontai ta synnefa toy polemoy panw apo to Irak-Epifylaktikes oi HPA

  • [A] E/T SXESEIS-KYPRIAKO

    [01] Kindynologei h Agkyra me aformh tis ellhnikes qeseis

    H epilogh ths Agkyras na antidrasei epiqetika sthn apanthtikh epistolh toy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn k. Pagkaloy sxetika me thn protash twn pente shmeiwn poy eixe diatypwsei o Toyrkos YPEJ k. Tzem, sfragise tis ejelijeis ayths ths ebdomadas stis ellhnotoyrkikes sxeseis. Analytikotera, o presbhs ths Elladas sthn Agkyra k. Nezeriths epedwse stis 24.2.98 ston Toyrko ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn thn ellhnikh apanthsh poy periexei ta akoloyqa tessera shmeia:

    -H Toyrkia ws pros ta dimerh problhmata ths me thn Ellada prepei na anagnwrisei thn ypoxrewtikh dikaiodia toy Dieqnoys Dikasthrioy ths Xaghs.

    -H Ellada epanalambanei thn protash ths gia bhma pros bhma epilysh twn problhmatwn metajy twn dyo xwrwn.

    -H Ellada einai etoimh na jekinhsei apeyqeias diapragmateyseis me thn Toyrkia gia thn parapomph toy zhthmatos ths yfalokrhpidas sto Dieqnes Dikasthrio ths Xaghs.

    -H Ellada einai etoimh gia mia synanthsh twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn twn dyo xwrwn me prokaqorismeno plaisio.

    Thn epomenh mera o ekproswpos toy toyrkikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn k. Oytkan dhlwse (APE 25.2.98) oti "h Ellada aperrice synolika tis protaseis poy kaname stis 12 Febroyarioy" kai kathgorhse thn Aqhna oti "edeije gia mia akoma fora s' olon ton kosmo th diaqesh ths na diathrei thn entash sto Aigaio kai na afhnei alyta ta problhmata ths me thn Toyrkia". Katalhgontas, o k. Oytkan isxyristhke oti "h Ellada einai h monh xwra poy arneitai to dialogo".

    Makroskelhs anakoinwsh, poy ekdoqhke ligo argotera thn idia mera apo to toyrkiko Ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn klimakwne ton tono ths toyrkikhs antidrashs, alla apefeyge systhmatika na asxolhqei me tis apoceis poy periexontan sthn ellhnikh rhmatikh diakoinwsh.

    Sthn anakoinwsh ginetai anafora sto arqro 33 toy katastatikoy xarth twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn gia thn apofash toy Symboylioy Asfaleias ths 25hs Aygoystoy 1976 (krish toy "Xora") me thn opoia proteinetai stis kybernhseis ths Toyrkias kai ths Elladas "na arxisoyn apeyqeias synomilies gia thn epilysh twn diaforwn".

    H anakoinwsh epikaleitai epishs thn protroph toy eggrafoy AGENDA 2000 ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs poy afora thn epilysh twn synoriakwn diaforwn me dimereis synomilies. "Sthn periptwsh poy apotyxoyn qa prepei oi dyo xwres na apofasisoyn na odhghsoyn tis diafores toys sto Dieqnes Dikasthrio".

    Sthn anakoinwsh, afoy tonizetai oti h prosfygh sth Xagh einai mia mono meqodos anamesa se alles, kathgoreitai h Ellada gia politikh ypekfygwn, "epeidh gnwrizei oti exei adiko". Omws einai gnwsto, synexizetai sto keimeno, oti "sto Aigaio yparxoyn polyariqma problhmata, arxizontas apo ton ejoplismo twn nhsiwn toy Anatolikoy Aigaioy ws to eyros twn 10 miliwn toy enaerioy xwroy. Etsi o isxyrismos ths Elladas oti sto Aigaio yparxei mono ena problhma, stereitai sobarothtas".

    "H ellhnikh kybernhsh, gia logoys ejwterikhs politikhs epilegei th synexish ths entashs sto Aigaio. Einai mia epilogh gia thn opoia qa plhrwsei h idia", anaferetai sthn toyrkikh anakoinwsh kai prostiqetai oti "me aythn politikh h Ellada anelabe prokatabolika kai monh ths enwpion ths istorias, thn eyqynh gia opoiodhpote anepiqymhto atyxhma sto Aigaio, kaqws kai gia thn epikindynh katastash poy qa mporoyse na epakoloyqhsei".

    Sto metajy, o Toyrkos nayarxos Nt. Koytloyk milwntas sto ethsio synedrio Toyrkoamerikanwn syllogwn sthn Oyasigkton (BBC, 26.2. 98) kathgorhse thn Ellada oti synergazetai me kaqe xwra poy einai exqros h antipalos ths Toyrkias kaqws kai me "tromokrates" -opws toys apokalese- toy RKK. O k. Koytloyk zhthse apo to akroathrio toy -anamesa toys kai stelexh toy Pentagwnoy kai toy Staiht Nthpartment- na symperilaboyn thn Ellada ston katologo twn xwrwn poy ypoqalpoyn thn tromokratia. Isxyristhke, telos, oti o Prwqypoyrgos k. Shmiths aperrice oles tis toyrkikes protaseis gia kaqierwsh metrwn oikodomhshs empistosynhs.

    Oi H.P.A.

    Sto idio synedrio, symfwna panta me to BBC (26.2.98) o bohqos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Gkrosman yposthrije oti h katastash poy epikratei shmera sto Aigaio einai "poly epikindynh" kai dhlwse oti h Ellada kai h Toyrkia prepei na katalhjoyn se koina apodekta epixeirhsiaka metra sto Aigaio kaqws kai oti "oi HPA prepei epiteloys na kanoyn kati".

    O Amerikanos ajiwmatoyxos eipe oti oi proteraiothtes ths amerikanikhs ejwterikhs politikhs gia thn Toyrkia einai h beltiwsh twn ellhnotoyrkikwn sxesewn, h epilysh toy Kypriakoy kai h epiteyjh proodoy ston tomea twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn.

    O k. Gkrosman den apekleise episkech ths ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn k. Olmprait sthn Aqhna kai thn Agkyra entos toy etoys kai anakoinwse oti mexri to telos toy 1998 qa episkefqei jana thn Oyasigkton o Toyrkos Prwqypoyrgos k. Gilmaz.

    Pantws, o k. Gkrosman xarakthrise "kales protaseis, poy dhmioyrgoyn enqarryntiko klima" toso thn protash Tzem, oso kai thn apanthsh ths Aqhnas.

    Thn idia apoch eixe ekfrasei thn prohgoymenh mera, symfwna me to APE (25.2.98) kai o ekproswpos toy Staiht Nthpartment k. Foley tonizontas oti "oi protaseis ths Aqhnas kai ths Agkyras apoteloyn eyprosdektes prospaqeies gia thn ejeyresh ths kalyterhs meqodoy epilyshs twn metajy toys diaforwn".

    "Oi HPA -tonise o k. Foley- antilambanontai oti oi dyo pleyres exoyn ekfrasei thn proqesh toys na proxwrhsoyn se dieyqethsh ths dimeroys entashs. An kai anagnwrizoyme oti kai stis dyo pleyres yparxoyn diaforetikes apoceis se o,ti afora thn kalyterh meqodo gia thn epiteyjh proodoy, to gegonos oti ejetazoyn twra thn ejeyresh toy kalyteroy tropoy gia na proxwrhsoyn einai apo mono toy mia qetikh endeijh. Eimaste apofasismenoi na yposthrijoyme toys symmaxoys mas, thn Ellada kai thn Toyrkia, sthn prospaqeia toys na petyxoyn asfaleia kai synergasia sthn perioxh".

    [02] Leykwsia kai E.E. se anazhthsh tropwn emplokhs twn Toyrkokypriwn stis enta- jiakes diapragmateyseis

    Tis ejelijeis ayths ths ebdomadas sto Kypriako shmatodotoyn 1) oi pieseis poy askoyntai sth Leykwsia gia th symmetoxh twn Toyrkokypriwn stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis Kyproy-E.E., alla kai gia thn egkataleich twn sxediwn ths egkatastashs twn rwsikwn pyraylwn S-300 sto Kypriako edafos, 2) o syntonismos twn koinwn energeiwn Aqhnas-Leykwsias gia thn eyrwpaikh prooptikh ths Kyproy, 3) h arnhsh toy Ntenktas na dexqei opoiondhpote Eyrwpaio ajiwmatoyxo, oso h E.E. "agnoei" to ceydokratos kai 4) h orkomwsia toy Proedroy Klhridh kai ths neas kypriakhs kybernhshs.

    H epistolh Mpler pros Klhridh

    H dhmosieysh ston ellhniko Typo (24.2.98) ths apo 18.2.98 epistolhs toy Bretanoy Prwqypoyrgoy k. Mpler pros ton Proedro Klhridh apekalyfqh oti o Prwqypoyrgos ths Bretanias kaqista safes sthn kypriakh kybernhsh oti h xwra toy ws proedreyoysa ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs tassetai kata ths egkatastashs twn S-300, kai ayto giati kata th gnwmh oxi mono toy idioy alla kai allwn eyrwpaikwn kratwn kaqws kai twn HPA "yparxei sobarh amfibolia oti h egkatastash twn pyraylwn qa enisxysei thn asfaleia toy nhsioy". Antiqeta, shmeiwnei o k. Mpler "pisteyoyme oti qa ayjhqei h entash sthn perioxh se baros twn piqanothtwn mias eirhnikhs epilyshs toy Kypriakoy".

    Sth synexeia, o Bretanos Prwqypoyrgos anaferetai sto allo "epeigon" -opws to xarakthrizei- qema ths symmetoxhs twn Toyrkokypriwn sthn kypriakh diapragmateytikh antiproswpeia. Parolo poy o k. Mpler paradexetai oti to qema ayto den ejartatai mono apo ton k. Klhridh kai toys Ellhnokyprioys genikotera, sthn epistolh toy tonizei: "Eimai pepeismenos oti kanontas mia kalh kai eilikrinh prosfora qa lambanete ypoch th nomimh epiqymia twn Toyrkokypriwn na toys metaxeirizontai ws politika isoys". "Monadikos stoxos ths koinhs antiproswpeias -katalhgei o k. Mpler- ejakoloyqei na paramenei h entajh ths Kyproy sthn E.E., an den einai dynath h entajh mias dikoinotikhs, dizwnikhs kai omospondhs Kyproy".

    Sthn epistolh Mpler antedrase h ellhnikh kybernhsh dia stomatos toy kybernhtikoy ekproswpoy k. Reppa (25.2.98), o opoios dhlwse oti h Ellada antitiqetai sthn protash gia "isotimh symmetoxh" twn Toyrkokypriwn stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis. Apo thn pleyra toy o ekproswpos ths kypriakhs kybernhshs k. Xristofidhs (APE 24.2.98) dhlwse oti "oi protaseis ths Leykwsias gia th symmetoxh twn Toyrkokypriwn qa einai apolyta logikes kai synetes, alla an yparxoyn alla sxedia kai idees, h kypriakh kybernhsh einai etoimh na ta syzhthsei".

    O k. Xristofidhs ypenqymise oti h Kypros exei kalesei kat' epanalhch toys ekproswpoys ths toyrkokypriakhs koinothtas na symmetasxoyn stis diapragmateyseis, ypo thn proypoqesh oti:

    *Ayth h symmetoxh qa diasfalistei sto plaisio ths epishmhs antiproswpeias ths kypriakhs kybernhshs.

    *Oi Toyrkokyprioi qa topoqethqoyn prohgoymenws yper ths entajhs ths Kyproy sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kai qa desmeytoyn oti qa ergastoyn pros ayth thn kateyqynsh mesa sthn antiproswpeia.

    *H symmetoxh toys den qa episyrei thn anagnwrish ths toyrkokypriakhs ontothtas.

    Epafes Xaney sth Leykwsia

    Me dyo stoxoys episkefqhke thn Kypro o Bretanos eidikos apestalmenos kai antiproswpos ths Proedrias ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs gia to Kypriako Ser Nteibint Xaney.

    Se dhlwseis toy sto aerodromio ths Larnakas (KYPE 26.2.98) o k. Xaney kaqorise ws prwto stoxo "th synexish twn prospaqeiwn gia lysh toy Kypriakoy" enw deyteros stoxos anefere oti einai "h epiteyjh mias symfwnhmenhs proseggishs sto qema ths symmetoxhs twn Toyrkokypriwn stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis".

    O k. Xaney, an kai xarakthrise to qema ayto periploko, meta th synanthsh toy me ton Proedro Klhridh (APE 27.2.98) ejefrase thn elpida oti, telika qa ejeyreqei formoyla, h opoia qa antapokrinetai stis prosdokies olwn twn pleyrwn.

    Opws dhlwse o Ellhnas yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Kranidiwths meta th synanthsh toy me ton Bretano ajiwmatoyxo (APE 27.2.98) "h prospaqeia einai na epiteyxqei koinh proseggish ap' oloys, giati h entajiakh poreia ths Kyproy einai pros ofelos olwn twn Kypriwn, Ellhnwn kai Toyrkwn".

    Pantws, symfwna me ton k. Kranidiwth, o k. Xaney ton diabebaiwse oti h symmetoxh ths toyrkokypriakhs pleyras stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis den apotelei proypoqesh gia thn enarjh toys. O Ellhnas yfypoyrgos dieykrinise oti epi toy qematos yparxei akoma problhmatismos kaqws kai oti to olo qema qa epanajetastei kai sthn Kypro kai sthn Aqhna kai se kapoia stigmh qa yparjei tekmhriwmenh protash. "Oi arxes einai symfwnhmenes kai qa thrhqoyn. Se kamia periptwsh den qa ginei anagnwrish toy ceydokratoys", tonise o k. Kranidiwths.

    Meta thn oloklhrwsh twn epafwn toy stis eleyqeres perioxes, o k. Xaney metebh sta katexomena gia synanthseis me toys arxhgoys twn dyo aristerwn toyrkokypriakwn kommatwn kyrioys Talat kai Akintzi. Synanthsh me ton k. Ntenktas den yphrje, afoy o teleytaios eixe epaneilhmmena arnhqei kaqe epafh mazi toy. Opws dieykrinise o Toyrkokyprios hgeths se dhlwseis toy sto Praktoreio ANATOLH (25.2. 98) den exei tipota proswpiko me ton k. Xaney, einai omws mia endeijh diamartyrias epeidh qewrei "adikh" thn apofash ths Bretanias na zhtei qewrhsh twn "diabathriwn" twn Toyrkokypriwn.

    O k. Ntenktas prosqese oti den prokeitai na syzhthsei me kanenan Eyrwpaio ajiwmatoyxo to qema ths entajhs sthn E.E., enw afhse na ennohqei oti den qa synanthqei oyte kai me to Bretano ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn k. Koyk.

    "H toyrkokypriakh pleyra" epeshmane o k. Ntenktas meta th synanthsh toy me ton Ypato Armosth k. Manten (MPAYRAK 26.2.98) "eixe proeidopoihsei gia to endexomeno enos adiejodoy sth diadikasia twn diapragmateysewn, an h E.E. proxwrhsei agnowntas toys Toyrkokyprioys kai qewrwntas toys Ellhnokyprioys ws ton mono ekproswpo ths Kyproy".

    Pantws, o k. Xaney ligo prin thn anaxwrhsh toy apo thn Kypro anefere, symfwna me to BBC (28.2.98), oti ergazetai gia th systash mias koinhs diapragmateytikhs omadas, Ellhnokypriwn kai Toyrkokypriwn gia thn entajh ths nhsoy sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh. Tonise, wstoso oti "ean ayto den ginei katorqwto, oi diapragmateyseis entajhs qa arxisoyn oytws h allws thn 31h Martioy, symfwna me thn arxikh apofash".

    O Bretanos ajiwmatoyxos epanelabe oti eyrwpaikh epiqymia einai h entajh sthn E.E. mias dizwnikhs-dikoinotikhs omospondias kai ejefrase thn apoch oti h diadikasia ths entajhs kai h diadikasia ths epilyshs toy Kypriakoy, qa anaptyxqoyn ek parallhloy kai se kapoia xronikh stigmh qa sympesoyn.

    O k. Xaney eipe, telos oti einai piqanon na epistrecei sthn Kypro thn erxomenh ebdomada, mazi me ton Epitropo k. Ban Nter Mproyk.

    Episkech Kranidiwth

    Me skopo to syntonismo twn energeiwn Elladas-Kyproy enocei ths enarjhs twn entajiakwn diapragmateysewn me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kai eidikotera sto qema ths symmetoxhs twn Toyrkokypriwn stis entajiakes diadikasies, pragmatopoihse ejahmerh episkech sthn Kypro o yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Kranidiwths.

    "H entajh ths Kyproy sthn E.E." eipe o k. Kranidiwths kata thn afijh toy sto nhsi (APE 24.2.98) "qa apobei epwfelhs gia oloklhro ton kypriako lao. H prooptikh entajhs kai lyshs qa enisxyei th staqerothta, thn eirhnh kai th synergasia sthn Kypro, qa beltiwsei tis sxeseis Elladas kai Toyrkias alla kai qa bohqhsei thn eyrwpaikh prooptikh ths Toyrkias".

    Ejalloy, o yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn sth diarkeia koinhs synenteyjhs Typoy me ton YPEJ k. Kasoylidh (APE 25.2.98) tonise oti: "epiqymia ths kypriakhs kybernhshs, thn opoia symmerizetai kai yposthrizei h Ellada, einai na symmetasxoyn oi Toyrkokyprioi stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis kai na apobei h entajh ths Kyproy pros ofelos kai twn dyo koinothtwn ypo ton oro h symmetoxh ayth na mhn amfisbhtei se kammia periptwsh th nomimothta ths kypriakhs kybernhshs kai na mh synista emmesh anagnwrish tetelesmenwn.

    H protash ths Leykwsias qa oristikopoihqei afoy melethqoyn sobara kai se baqos, apo nomikhs pleyras, oles oi ptyxes toy zhthmatos".

    Apantwntas se epimones erwthseis dhmosiografwn toso o k. Kranidiwths, oso kai o k. Kasoylidhs, den qelhsan na dwsoyn kamia leptomereia gyrw apo thn protash poy qa diamorfwsei h kypriakh kybernhsh gia th symmetoxh twn Toyrkokypriwn stis diapragmateyseis, ypogrammizontas synexws oti den einai skopimo na dhmosiopoihqoyn oi leptomereis prin oloklhrwqyn oi diaboyleyseis, prin pragmatopoihqei h syskech me thn ellhnikh kybernhsh stis 10 Martioy, alla kai prin na pragmatopoihqei h krisimh synanthsh toy Proedroy Klhridh me to Bretano Prwqypoyrgo kai proedreyonta ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs Toni Mpler sto periqwrio twn ergasiwn ths Eyrwpaikhs Diaskechs poy sygkaleitai stis 12 Martioy sto Londino.

    O yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn wstoso, katesthse safes pros pasa kateyqynsh oti gia thn ellhnikh kybernhsh h entajiakh poreia ths Kyproy apotelei meros toy eyryteroy zhthmatos poy afora thn poreia dieyrynshs ths E.E. kai oti ws ek toytoy h entajiakh diadikasia ths Kyproy syndeetai me thn entajiakh diadikasia olwn twn allwn xwrwn.

    Mhnyma Klhridh

    Amesws meta thn orkwmosia toy (28.2.98) o Proedros Klhridhs paroysiazontas enwpion ths Boylhs twn Kypriwn to programma ths deyterhs pentaetoys qhteias toy, skiagrafhse tesseris basikoys ajones:

    1. Kaqe dynath prospaqeia gia epilysh toy Kypriakoy. 2. Synexish ths poreias pros thn E.E.. 3. Enisxysh toy eniaioy amyntikoy dogmatos Elladas kai Kyproy. 4. Stenh synergasia me thn Ellada.

    Symfwna me ton radiostaqmo DEUTSCHE WELLE (28.2.98) aisqhsh prokalesan oi idiaiteres anafores toy k. Klhridh pros toys Toyrkokyprioys kai ton Raoyf Ntenktas, tonizontas oti "Ellhnokyprioi kai Toyrkokyprioi exoyme ena koino mellon se mia koinh gh. H lysh toy Kypriakoy den einai toso dyskolh ypoqesh, arkei na yparxei kalh qelhsh apo kaqe pleyra".

    Apeyqynomenos ston Toyrkokyprio hgeth o k. Klhridhs eipe: "Sympatriwth Ntenktas ela na synergastoyme gia to kalo ths koinhs mas patridas kai na dwsoyme etsi to kalytero dwro stis epomenes genies sto katwfli toy 21oy aiwna".

    Arnhtikh h stash ths toyrkikhs pleyras

    H toyrkikh pleyra, wstoso, paramenei arnhtikh apenanti se kaqe prospaqeia proseggishs.

    O Raoyf Ntenktas emmenei sthn arnhsh toy na proselqei se synomilies an den anagnwristei ws ekproswpos kratos. H qesh toy, opws dhlwse ( APE, 1.3.98) einai oti den yparxei tipote gia na syzhthqei kai to mono poy apomenei einai na parakaqhsoyn oi dyo pleyres kai na syzhthsoyn tropoys efarmoghs ths isothtas.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, symfwna me ton radiostaqmo FWNH THS TOYRKIAS ( 28.2.98), o antiproedros ths toyrkikhs kybernhshs k. Etzebit ( milwntas se Toyrkokyprioys dhmosiografoys dhlwse oti "gia thn Toyrkia den tiqetai qema apomakrynshs twn stratiwtikwn monadwn apo th Boreia Kypro. Qewroyme thn asfaleia ths TDBK zwtikhs shmasias kai eimaste apofasismenoi na prostateysoyme th xwra ayth katw apo opoiesdhpote synqhkes".

    [03] Xanoyn edafos oi Islamistes- Pontoi gia thn Toyrkia apo Eyrwph

    Thn politikh ston "dhmokratiko dromo" diateinetai h Toyrkia oti epanefere me thn apagoreysh toy Kommatos ths Eyhmerias, ena xrono meta thn epibolh twn prwtwn sklhrwn metrwn twn Toyrkwn strathgwn kata twn Islamistwn.

    To Komma eteqh ektos nomoy kai o Ermpakan ejostrakisthke apo thn politikh. Twra to diadoxo komma ths Areths antimetwpizei kai ayto apeiles na apagoreytei. (APE-Rwyter, 26.2.98).

    Profanws h aitia gia ayto to endexomeno apotelei h apofash megaloy ariqmoy boyleymatwn toy Kommatos ths Eyhmerias na prosxwrhsoyn sto Komma ths Areths, symfwna me allo thlegrafhma toy APE.

    To skeptiko ths apofashs na teqei ektos nomoy toy Komma ths Eyhmerias sthrixthke sthn pepoiqhsh poy diamorfwqhke sthn Toyrkia oti o Ermpakan eixe khryjei iero polemo me skopo na anatrecei thn yparxoysa kaqestikoia tajh kai na idrysei ena islamiko qeokratiko kratos, anaferei h germanikh efhmerida DIE WELT (23.2.98).

    To toyrkiko Koinoboylio arxise hdh th diadikasia diwjhs toy Ermpakan me thn kathgoria ths diasaleyshs ths dhmosias tajhs ( Roiter, 23.2.98).

    Sto metajy stis 23 toy mhnos pragmatopoihqhke h Synodos twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn ths E.E. me koryfaio qema th xarajh strathgikhs poy qa epitrecei th symmetoxh ths Toyrkias sthn Eyrwpaikh Diaskech gia entajh sthn Koinothta allwn xwrwn (RRC, 23.2.98).

    Se apokleistikh toy synenteyjh pros thn toyrkikh efhmerida SAMPAX ( 23.2.98) o Bretanos Prwqypoyrgos k. Mplair dhlwse oti ton lyphse poly to gegonos oti sthn Toyrkia dhmioyrghqhke h entypwsh pws paragkwnisthke apo thn E.E..

    To oti h Toyrkia syzhthqhke sthn Eyrwpaikh Diaskech exei thn ennoia oti symperilhfqhke sto xronodiagramma dieyrynshs.

    Ekproswpos toy Foreign Office dhlwse se allh toyrkikh efhmerida, th YENI YUZYIL (25.2.98) oti h Bretania den epiqymei thn apomakrynsh ths Toyrkias apo thn E.E..

    O Gallos YPEJ k. Bentrin, kata th diarkeia geymatos ergasias poy doqhke me prwtoboylia toy "Maison De L'Europe", dhlwse oti oi Toyrkoi qa prowqhsoyn ta qemata toys kalytera mesa sth Diaskech kai oxi ejw ap' aythn (Grafeio Typoy Parisioy, 26.2.98).

    Meta to Parisi, o Toyrkos Proedros k. Ntemirel episkeptetai twra epishma th Madrith me stoxo th beltiwsh ths hdh yparxoysas kalhs synergasias metajy Ispanias kai Toyrkias (LA VANGUARDIA, 1.3.98).

    Apo thn allh pleyra toy Atlantikoy o Proedros ths Epitrophs Dieqnwn Sxesewn ths amerikanikhs geroysias epekrine ton Leyko Oiko gia "adiaforia kai egkataleich" enanti ths Toyrkias kai zhthse na xaraxqei nea politikh me stoxo th sysfijh twn sxesewn metajy Oyasigkton kai Agkyras.

    O Repoymplikanos geroysiasths dhlwse enwpion toy amerikano- toyrkikoy Symboylioy oti anhsyxei pws h politikh ths kybernhshs Klinton qa prokalesei sthn Toyrkia amfibolies gia thn ajiopistia twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn ws symmaxoy kai qa enisxysei tis prospaqeies twn fanatikwn Islamistwn na apomakrynoyn thn Toyrkia apo th Dysh.

    "Qa ejakoloyqhsw na askw pieseis sthn kybernhsh gia na diorqwsei th stash adiaforias kai egkataleichs kai na enisxysei thn qemeliwdh sxesh asfaleias" metajy twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn kai ths Toyrkias, dhlwse o Repoymplikanos geroysiasths.

    [B] BALKANIA

    [04] Entonh anhsyxia prokalei h ekrhjh bias sto Kossyfopedio

    Klimakwqhke epikindyna to Sabbatokyriako h entash sth serbikh eparxia toy Kossyfopedioy, opoy sta xeirotera epeisodia poy shmeiwqhkan meta thn katarghsh ths aytonomias exasan th zwh toys 30 peripoy atoma se sygkroyseis ths astynomias me toys Albanoys ths perioxhs.

    Oi serbikes arxes qewroyn ypaitioys twn epeisodiwn toy Sabbatokyriakoy ta melh kai ta stelexh ths paranomhs organwshs "Apeleyqerwtikos Stratos toy Kossyfopedioy".

    O Proedros ths O.D. Gioygkoslabias Slompontan Milosebits taxqhke gia mia akoma fora kata ths dieqnopoihshs toy problhmatos toy Kossyfopedioy. Se mhnyma toy pros ton Proedro ths Serbias Milan Miloytinobits, o Milosebits tonizei oti "to problhma toy Kossyfopedioy den prokeitai na epilyqei me epityxia, para monon ek twn esw".

    "H tromokratia, poy stoxeyei sth dieqnopoihsh twn problhmatwn aytwn, mas zhmiwnei" tonizei sto mhnyma toy o Gioygkoslabos Proedros, enw apeyqynomenos pros toy Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy toys kalei "na mhn xynoyn to aima toys yper twn politikwn profhtwn kai twn jenwn symboylwn".

    Sta Tirana, h albanikh kybernhsh katadikase ta epeisodia kai kalese toys Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy na epideijoyn aytosygkrathsh kai na mhn pesoyn sthn pagida twn serbikwn ejtremistikwn dynamewn.

    Sta Skopia, o Proedros ths Boylhs Tito Petkofski zhthse taxeia dieqnh epembash sto Kossyfopedio gia na apotrapei h apostaqeropoihsh oloklhrhs ths perioxhs.

    Ap' thn pleyra ths, h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh katadikase tis aimathres sygkroyseis, kalese oles tis pleyres na epideijoyn aytosygkrathsh kai proanhggeile thn apostolh ajiwmatoyxoy toy bretanikoy ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn, entos ths ebdomadas, sto Beligradi kai thn Pristina, se mia prospaqeia na symbalei stis prospaqeies ektonwshs ths entashs sto Kossyfopedio.

    O Germanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Klaoys Kinkel dhlwse oti h dieqnhs koinothta den mporei na afhsei thn katastash sto Kossyfopedio na epideinwqei kai epeshmane oti h kybernhsh toy Beligradioy prepei na eggyhqei megalyterh eleyqeria ekfrashs kai perissotera politika dikaiwmata s' aythn th gioygkoslabikh eparxia. O Germanos ypoyrgos, afoy katadikase th xrhsh bias ap' opoia pleyra kai an proerxetai, ypogrammise oti oi ejelijeis sto Kossyfopedio apeiloyn oloklhrh thn perioxh.

    Oi HPA ejefrasan thn anhsyxia toys gia ta teleytaia aimathra gegonota kai tonisan oti h synexish twn epeisodiwn qa periplejei akomh perissotero tis prospaqeies poy kataballontai gia thn enarjh dialogoy metajy Beligradioy kai Albanwn toy Kossyfopedioy.

    Telos, h efhmerida Taims ths Neas Yorkhs (2/3/98) epishmainei ton kindyno epektashs ths bias sthn PGDM, th Gioygkoslabia, thn Albania, th Boylgaria, thn Ellada kai thn Toyrkia kai tassetai yper ths anaptyjhs mias dynamhs toy NATO kai toy OASE sto edafos ths PGDM, prokeimenoy na prolhfqei h epektash ths bias.

    Ekklhsh gia ellhnikh parembash

    O Albanos prwqypoyrgos Fatos Nano se thlefwnikh toy epikoinwnia me ton Prwqypoyrgo Kwsta Shmith toy zhthse na mesolabhsei to syntomotero dynato, ajiopoiwntas tis kales sxeseis poy diaqetei h xwra mas me th Gioygkoslabia, wste na ektonwqei h katastash sto Kossyfopedio.

    O Ellhnas ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Qodwros Pagkalos, o opoios thn Paraskeyh qa metabei sto Beligradi, exei proteinei th diorganwsh Diabalkanikhs Diaskechs, me th symmetoxh olwn twn pleyrwn ( symperilambanomenwn kai twn Skopiwn) gia thn epilysh ths krishs sto Kossyfopedio.

    H protash ayth toy k. Pagkaloy einai symplhrwmatikh sxetikhs prwtoboylias ths ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn ths Boylgarias Nanteznta Mixailoba, h opoia omws apeyqynotan mono sthn Ellada, thn Toyrkia kai th Roymania.

    Se anakoinwsh toy ellhnikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn tonizetai oti h xwra mas analambanei th desmeysh na prowqhsei oles tis prwtoboylies gia thn amesh enarjh dialogoy anamesa stoys ekproswpoys toy topikoy plhqysmoy kai ths kybernhshs ths Gioygkoslabias gia thn eirhnikh epilysh ths krishs. Symfwna me thn anakoinwsh, h lysh ayth qa prepei na diasfalizei afenos thn kyriarxia kai thn enothta ths Gioygkoslabias kai afeteroy ta dikaiwmata twn Albanwn toy Kossyfopedioy.

    [05] Sto keno epesan oi prospaqeies Mperisa gia apostaqeropoihsh ths katastashs sthn Albania- Sto pleyro toy Fatos Nano h Dieqnhs Koinothta

    Hremh emfanizetai h katastash sthn Albania meta thn katastolh ths ejegershs sth Skodra, mias ejegershs poy metatraphke se mpoymperagk kata toy prwhn Proedroy Sali Mperisa, afoy h prospaqeia toy na apostaqeropoihsei thn katastash me mia ejegersh paromoia me ekeinh toy perasmenoy Marth epese sto keno.

    Opws einai gnwsto, h megalyterh polh ths boreias Albanias, h Skodra, propyrgio toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos toy Sali Mperisa, thn perasmenh Kyriakh kai gia 24 wres epese sta xeria 100 peripoy atomwn, ypodikwn gia baria egklhmata, laqremporwn kai topikwn stelexwn toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos.

    Oi stasiastes pyrpolhsan to astynomiko tmhma, to Dikastiko Megaro, thn Eisaggelia, trapezes kai th biblioqhkh ths polhs, epediwjan na anatinajoyn kai mia gefyra poy apotelei shmantiko sygkoinwniako kombo, konta sthn polh, enw apeleyqerwsan peripoy ejhnta kratoymenoys apo to astynomiko tmhma.

    Oi eidikes dynameis ths astynomias epanakatelaban thn polh ystera apo 24 wres, enw o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn dieceyse kathgorhmatika toys anqellhnikoys isxyrismoys toy radio Kontakt toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos oti sthn anakatalhch symmeteixan kai oi andres ths ellhnikhs stratiwtikhs dynamhs poy brisketai sthn Albania.

    H prospaqeia Mperisa gia th megalh rebans epese sto keno, kyriws logw ths apoysias ths laikhs symmetoxhs, kati poy epeshmane kai o Albanos Prwqypoyrgos Fatos Nano, o opoios se dhlwseis toy sthn kratikh thleorash epeshmane oti empneysths kai ypokinhths twn tromokratwn ths Skodras einai o kyklos toy Mperisa.

    Katadikazei h Dieqnhs Koinothta

    H kakosthmenh, omws, prospaqeia epanalhchs ths perysinhs ejegershs eixe akomh san apotelesma thn plhrh apomonwsh toy Mperisa apo th dieqnh koinothta, h opoia ejefrase thn plhrh yposthrijh ths stis prospaqeies toy Albanoy Prwqypoyrgoy.

    O Italos Prwqypoyrgos Romano Pronti, symfwna me thn ZERI I POPULLIT (24.2.98) se thlefwnikh toy epikoinwnia me ton Fatos Nano anefere oti "o Mperisa prepei epiteloys na apallaxqei apo thn strathgikh ths entashs kai to mpoikotarisma twn qesmwn. Prepei akomh na thrhsei tis yposxeseis toy pros th dieqnh koinothta".

    O OASE se dhlwsh toy anaferei oti "kanena logiko kinhtro den dikaiologei th bia kai thn elleich nomoy sth Skodra", enw parallhla zhta ap' ta politika kommata ths xwras na katadikasoyn tis apostaqeropoihtikes energeies kai ap' th Dieqnh Koinothta megalyterh yposthrijh pros thn Albania.

    Ta epeisodia ths Skodras katadikase kai h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, h opoia me dhlwsh toy Bretanoy yfypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn Toni Loint zhthse apo oles tis politikes dynameis sthn Albania na askhsoyn thn epirroh toys gia na apofeyxqoyn oi prajeis bias.

    Sth dhlwsh toy o Bretanos yfypoyrgos tonizei pws "einai anepitrepto oti o Sali Mperisa ypanaxwrhse apo tis diabebaiwseis poy edwse sthn koinoboyleytikh troika ths E.E. oti qa epistrecei syntoma sth Boylh".

    "To gegonos oti ekeinos kai to komma toy apofasisan na mhn prajoyn etsi, erxetai se antiqesh me to stoxo ths dhmioyrgias staqerwn, ployralistikwn dhmokratikwn qesmwn sthn Albania", epishmainei sth dhlwsh toy o k. Loint (APE, Roiter, 24.2.98).

    Prowres ekloges qelei o Mperisa

    Pantws, para th dieqnh katakraygh o Mperisa kalese toys opadoys toy na synexisoyn tis diadhlwseis kata th kybernhshs se oloklhrh th xwra, me stoxo thn paraithsh toy Fatos Nano, th sygkrothsh mias neas texnokratikhs kybernhshs kai th dienergeia prowrwn eklogwn.

    Sto metajy, h albanikh Boylh me chfoys 96 yper, 6 kata kai 1 akyro apofasise stis 25 Febroyarioy na arei th boyleytikh asylia toy boyleyth toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos Azem Xaintari, ystera apo sxetiko aithma ths Genikhs Eisaggelias.

    O Xaintari, o opoios kathgoreitai gia emplokh se prosfates sygkroyseis ths astynomias me enoples symmories, xarakthrise thn apofash ths Boylhs politikh kai tonise oti "qa orgwsei oloklhrh thn Albania kai qa agwnistei gia th dialysh ths shmerinhs Boylhs".

    To Beligradi aporriptei tis kathgories

    Me aformh ta epeisodia sth Skodra, o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn Neritan Tseka epanelabe tis kathgories toy oti yparxoyn endeijeis gia anameijh twn serbikwn mystikwn yphresiwn, me stoxo thn apostaqeropoihsh ths xwras.

    To gegonos ayto prokalese th diaforopoihsh toy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn Paskal Milo, o opoios epeshmane oti oi apoceis aytes den ekfrazoyn tis qeseis ths kybernhshs, alla apoteloyn qesh toy ypoyrgoy Eswterikwn.

    Sto metajy, to epishmo Beligradi aperrice aytes tis kathgories "ws analhqeis, kakoboyles kai aposkopoyses ston apoprosanatolismo ths prosoxhs apo tis pragmatikes aities twn eswterikwn problhmatwn sthn Albania".

    Se anakoinwsh toy gioygkoslabikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn, thn opoia metedwse to Praktoreio TANGIOYGK (26.2.98) tonizetai pws "h Gioygkoslabia paramenei staqerh sthn antilhch ths na ejomalynei kai na anaptyjei tis gioygkoslabo-albanikes sxeseis sth bash twn kalwn geitonikwn sxesewn, twn amoibaiwn symferontwn kai ths mh anameijhs stis eswterikes ypoqeseis kai anamenei epishs apo thn Albania na epibebaiwsei sthn prajh thn etoimothta ths gia mia tetoia ejelijh twn sxesewn, h opoia einai pros to symferon twn dyo xwrwn, ths eirhnhs kai ths staqerothtas sthn perioxh".

    Episkech Antiproswpeias ths DEE

    Antiproswpeia ths Dytikoeyrwpaikhs Enwshs (DEE) me epikefalhs ton Geniko Grammatea ths organwshs Xose Koytileiro episkefqhke stis 26 kai 27 Febroyarioy thn Albania.

    H antiproswpeia eixe epafes me ton Proedro Retzep Meintani, ton Prwqypoyrgo Fatos Nano, ypoyrgoys ths kybernhshs kai arxhgoys twn politikwn kommatwn kai enhmerwqhke gia thn katastash poy epikratei sth xwra, kaqws kai gia thn poreia anasygkrothshs ths albanikhs astynomias.

    O k. Koytileiro anaferqhke sthn anagkh epistrofhs toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos sth Boylh, wste na ektonwqei h katastash kai to klima anhsyxias poy epikratei sth xwra.

    Ellhno-albanikh synergasia

    H Albania kai h Ellada qa dieyrynoyn th synergasia stoys tomeis toy toyrismoy kai toy emporioy. Sto plaisio ayto h albanikh pleyra kalese toys Ellhnes epixeirhmaties na symmetasxoyn se dhmoprasies kai diagwnismoys poy qa prokhryxqoyn sthn prospaqeia peraiterw idiwtikopoihshs ths albanikhs oikonomias, enw h ellhnikh pleyra epanelabe thn yposxesh gia oikonomikh sthrijh twn mikromesaiwn albanikwn epixeirhsewn.

    Ayta symfwnhqhkan sth diarkeia twn epafwn poy eixe sthn Albania stis 23 Febroyarioy, h ellhnikh antiproswpeia, me epikefalhs ton yfypoyrgo Eqnikhs Oikonomias Al. Mpalta, o opoios synanthqhke me toys ypoyrgoys Oikonomikwn Armpen Malai, Emporioy kai Toyrismoy Sakir Boykai kai Oikonomikhs Synergasias ka Meji, enw egine dektos kai ap' ton Albano Proedro Meintani.

    O Albanos Proedros ejefrase thn eygnwmosynh toy gia thn ellhnikh yposthrijh kai tonise oti "h bohqeia ths Elladas kai allwn filwn xwrwn prepei na einai amesh kai sygkekrimenh, prokeimenoy na bohqhsei toys Albanoys na kerdisoyn kai pali thn empistosynh gia to mellon toys edw sthn Albania".

    [06] Oi HPA, parallhla me tis pieseis, epibrabeyoyn thn politikh toy Slompontan Milosebits

    H epoikodomhtikh symperifora toy Slompontan Milosebits se oti afora thn efarmogh ths Symfwnias toy Nteiton sth Serbikh Dhmokratia ths Bosnias epibrabeyqhke ap' tis HPA, oi opoies parallhla synexizoyn tis pieseis toys gia to qema toy Kossyfopedioy.

    O eidikos apestalmenos toy Amerikanoy Proedroy sthn prwhn Gioygkoslabia Rompert Gkelmpart, amesws meta th synanthsh poy eixe me ton Slompontan Milosebits stis 23 Febroyarioy, anakoinwse stoys dhmosiografoys oti h Oyasigkton apofasise na proxwrhsei se tessera qetika bhmata pros to Beligradi.

    Sygkekrimena, tonise oti oi HPA einai etoimes na kalesoyn thn O.D. Gioygkoslabias na entaxqei sthn prwtoboylia SECI. Akomh, qa doqei h dynatothta sto Beligradi na anoijei Projeneio stis HPA, qa anabaqmistei se epipedo presbews h diplwmatikh antiproswpeia ths O. D. Gioygkoslabias sta Hnwmena Eqnh kai qa epitrapei stis gioygkoslabikes aerogrammes JAT na pragmatopoioyn pthseis tsarter stis HPA.

    O Amerikanos apestalmenos ejefrase thn ikanopoihsh toy gia th qetikh epidrash ths gioygkoslabikhs kybernhshs sto sxhmatismo mias dhmokratikhs kybernhshs sth Serbikh Dhmokratia ths Bosnias, poy enarmonizetai me th Symfwnia toy Nteiton kai mesa se pente ebdomades ekane perissotera apo oti ekane h prohgoymenh kybernhsh mesa se tria xronia.

    O Gkelmpart epeshmane oti ean to Beligradi kanei kai alla qetika bhmata qa prepei na elpizei kai se nees ypoxwrhseis ews otoy ginei isotimo melos ths dieqnoys Koinothtas, enw dieyk rinise oti h entajh ths Gioygkoslabias sthn prwtoboylia SECI einai h prwth eykairia poy dinetai se ayth th xwra na entaxqei se enan dieqnh organismo.

    Anaforika me tis oikonomikes kyrwseis ap' ton OHE, to DNT kai thn Pagkosmia Trapeza, o Amerikanos ajiwmatoyxos eipe oti aytes qa parameinoyn se isxy mexri na shmeiwqei pragmatikh proodos ws pros thn epilysh twn dikaiwn aithmatwn ths Koinothtas twn Albanwn toy Kossyfopedioy.

    Sto Beligradi o Pagkalos

    O ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Qodwros Pagkalos qa episkefqei epishma to Beligradi thn Paraskeyh 6 Martioy, meta apo prosklhsh toy Gioygkoslaboy omologoy toy Zibantin Giobanobits.

    Symfwna me anakoinwsh toy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn ths O.D. Gioygkoslabias, stis synomilies twn dyo ypoyrgwn qa syzhthqoyn qemata poy aforoyn thn peraiterw anaptyjh ths dimeroys synergasias, kaqws kai dieqnh qemata koinoy endiaferontos.

    Sth Bosnia o Bretanos YPEJ

    Th Mpania Loyka kai to Saragebo qa episkefqei stis 3 kai 4 Martioy o Bretanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Rompin Koyk.

    Kata th diarkeia ths episkechs o epikefalhs ths bretanikhs diplwmatias qa exei synomilies me melh ths kybernhshs kai ths antipoliteyshs, me stoxo thn taxyterh efarmogh ths eirhneytikhs symfwnias toy Nteiton.

    [07] Neo politiko komma idryetai sta Skopia apo ton Basil Topoyrkofski

    Entones politikes zymwseis briskontai se ejelijh sta Skopia enocei twn epikeimenwn boyleytikwn eklogwn poy qa diejaxqoyn to fqinopwro, enw h prosfath dhlwsh toy Proedroy Gkligkorof oti den qa diekdikhsei gia trith fora to ajiwma toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias stis ekloges toy 1999 dhmioyrgei nees isorropies kai sysxetismoys ston agwna ths diadoxhs.

    O ekproswpos ths PGDM sto teleytaio Proedreio ths Enwshs Gioygkoslabwn Kommoynistwn Basil Topoyrkofski, se synenteyjh toy sto thleoptiko kanali "Tera" twn Mpitoliwn (25.2.98) anakoinwse thn apofash toy na dhmioyrghsei politiko komma, to opoio qa kalyptei ton kentrwo xwro kai qa labei meros stis boyleytikes ekloges toy fqinopwroy.

    H epwnymia toy kommatos qa einai "Dhmokratikh Alternatiba" ( Dhmokratikh Enallagh) kai h idrytikh syneleysh qa pragmatopoihqei sta Skopia, stis 21 Martioy.

    Symfwna me ton skopiano Typo, o pyrhnas toy neoy kommatos qa einai mh politikopoihmenoi dianooymenoi, kaqws kai politikoi poy einai dysaresthmenoi me ta kommata, kyriws to Fileleyqero-Dhmokratiko kai thn Sosialdhmokratikh Enwsh. O idios o Topoyrkofski dhlwse oti to neo komma qa epidiwjei ton synaspismo me alla politika kommata me bash tis programmatikes arxes kai me stoxo thn ejodo ths xwras ap' th shmerinh oikonomikh katastash.

    O 44xronos politikos, o opoios yphrje foithths toy Andrea Papandreoy sth diarkeia twn spoydwn toy ston Kanada, yposthrizei oti h PGDM xreiazetai ena zwtiko politiko kentro me nees megales idees poy qa metasxhmatisei kai qa prosarmosei ta organa toy politikoy systhmatos, symfwna me tis anagkes toy 21oy aiwna.

    Parallhla, o Topoyrkofski ektima oti shmera den leitoyrgei artia to politiko systhma, gegonos poy kaqista anapofeyktes tis politikes kriseis kai pisteyei oti qa prepei na jekaqaristoyn orismenoi tomeis, opws oi sxeseis Proedroy-kybernhshs (APE, 26.2.98).

    O Basil Topoyrkofski, kaqhghths toy Dieqnoys Dikaioy kai Proedros ths Olympiakhs Epitrophs ths PGDM, dietelese symboylos toy Gkligkorof ap' th dialysh ths Gioygkoslabias mexri to 1993, enw apo tote mexri to 1995 ezhse stis HPA, opoy aneptyje ploysies epafes kai gnwrimies kai sth synexeia epestrece sta Skopia, sta akadhmaika toy kaqhkonta.

    Politikoi parathrhtes ektimoyn oti basikos stoxos toy Topoyrkofski einai oi prosexeis proedrikes ekloges, kati poy exei prokalesei arketh anastatwsh sta yfistamena politika kommatika kentra.

    S' oles tis dhmoskophseis poy exoyn dei to fws ths dhmosiothtas, o Topoyrkofski brisketai sth deyterh qesh twn protimhsewn, pisw ap' ton Proedro Gkligkorof.

    Synomilies gia to onoma

    Synanthseis gia thn onomasia ths PGDM eixan stis 23 kai 25 Febroyarioy sth Nea Yorkh oi ekproswpoi ths Elladas kai twn Skopiwn presbeis k.k. Zaxarakhs kai Tosefski, ypo thn aigida toy ekproswpoy toy G.G. toy OHE Sairoys Bans.

    Oi dyo pleyres antallajan apoceis kai symfwnhsan na synanthqoyn kai pali se hmeromhnia poy qa kaqoristei ap' ton k. Bans.

    Episkech sthn Aystria

    Epishmh episkech sthn Aystria pragmatopoihse thn 1h Martioy o Proedros toy Skopianoy Koinoboylioy Tito Petkofski.

    O Skopianos ajiwmatoyxos synanthqhke kai me ton Aystriako Kagkellario Biktwr Klima.

    Sto epikentro twn synomiliwn htan oi dimereis sxeseis, oi opoies akoloyqoyn anodikh poreia, kaqws kai oi sxeseis ths PGDM me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh.

    Anazhtoyn lysh oi HPA

    O ypoyrgos Amynas twn Skopiwn Mplagkogie Xantzinski, se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida twn Skopiwn NTNEBNIK (25.2.98) dhlwse oti meta th lhjh ths qhteias ths eirhneytikhs dynamhs toy OHE UNPREDEP, ton Aygoysto toy 1988, qa prepei na yparjei mia paromoia stratiwtikh apostolh, h opoia, ektos ap' th symbolh sth staqerothta sthn perioxh, qa bohqoyse thn PGDM na ginei eykolotera melos toy NATO.

    Sto metajy, o Amerikanos Presbhs sta Skopia Kristofer Xil, se dhlwseis toy sthn kratikh thleorash tonise oti h Oyasigkton ergazetai entona gia thn anazhthsh lyshs gia th staqerothta ths PGDM meta thn apoxwrhsh ths UNPREDEP.

    Oi HPA kai oi symmaxoi toys sto NATO ektimoyn oti h perioxh ayth qa prepei na parameinei staqerh, eipe o Amerikanos presbhs, o opoios epeshmane oti h PGDM exei akomh problhmata me toys geitones, symperilambanomenhs kai ths Albanias.

    O k. Xil dieykrinise oti einai adianohto, sta proqyra toy 21oy aiwna, na ginetai logos gia problhmata poy dhmioyrghqhkan ton 19o aiwna.

    [08] H Paraegnatia antikeimeno twn synomiliwn Pronti-Kostof sth Sofia

    Ta sxedia kataskeyhs ths legomenhs Paraegnatias odoy, poy qa syndeei th boylgarikh polh Mpoyrgkas sth Mayrh Qalassa me to Dyrraxio ths Albanias kai me thn Italia, htan to koryfaio zhthma ths synomilias toy Italoy Prwqypoyrgoy Romanto Pronti, me ton Boylgaro omologo toy Iban Kostof, sth Sofia.

    Opws metedwse to BBC (25.2.98), h xrhmatodothsh toy ergoy apo thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh den exei akomh oristikopoihqei. H Italia omws einai diateqeimenh na ypogracei syntoma ta sxetika prwtokola me th boylgarikh kybernhsh.

    O idios o Italos Prwqypoyrgos, sth diarkeia koinhs synenteyjhs Typoy poy paraxwrhse me ton Boylgaro omologo toy, meta to peras ths epishmhs episkechs toy sth Boylgaria-htan h prwth epishmh episkech Italoy Prwqypoyrgoy sth Boylgaria- eipe oti h Rwmh einai etoimh na syneisferei oikonomika sthn kataskeyh toy "diadromoy 8", wste to megalopnoo ayto sxedio na parei to dromo ths ylopoihshs.

    O k. Pronti apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh Boylgaras dhmosiografoy, xarakthrise to sxedio "klasikh periptwsh gia th xrhmatodothsh toy opoioy prepei na energopoihqoyn oi armodioi trapezikoi qesmoi ths Eyrwphs", afoy h apokatastash ths odikhs syndeshs Anatolhs-Dyshs endiaferei oxi mono tis xwres ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, opws h Italia, alla kai krath, opws h Roymania kai h Boylgaria.

    "Endiaferon pros thn kateyqynsh ayth exei ekdhlwsei kai allh xwra ths E.E., h Ellada", epishmane o k. Pronti. Opote, yparxoyn proypoqeseis to sxedio na ylopoihqei, kata ton Prwqypoyrgo ths Italias, o opoios tonise thn anagkh oi xwres ths perioxhs na ergazontai gia th dhmioyrgia enos "pyrhna koinwn symferontwn" gia thn anabaqmish ths ypodomhs me skopo na proselkysoyn ependyseis apo to eyrwpaiko borra (APE, 24.2.98).

    [G] MESH ANATOLH

    [09] H symfwnia sto Irak "pilotos" gia eirhnikh epilysh kai toy Palaistiniakoy;

    H epiteyjh symfwnias metajy toy Genikoy Grammatea toy OHE Kofi Anan kai toy irakinoy kaqestwtos sth Bagdath, isws apodeixqei katalytikh gia thn eyryterh perioxh ths Meshs Anatolhs. Oi pieseis poy arxizoyn na askoyntai, toso apo toys Palaistinioys oso kai apo Eyrwpaioys hgetes kai politikoys, gia efarmogh twn apofasewn toy Symboylioy Asfaleias kai sto Mesanatoliko, mporei na mhn prooiwnizoyn syntomh lysh, opwsdhpote omws shmatodotoyn mia nea proseggish toy problhmatos sthn perioxh.

    Hdh o Gallos Proedros Zak Sirak, se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida LE MONDE (26.2.98), enqarrymenos profanws apo th diplwmatikh lysh poy doqhke sthn irakinh krish, apeyqynei ekklhsh gia mia amesh kai tolmhrh prwtoboylia sth Mesh Anatolh.

    "Pisteyw oti oi Amerikanoi prepei grhgora na analaboyn mia isxyrh prwtoboylia gia na anaqermanoyn thn eirhneytikh diadikasia sth Mesh Anatolh. Pisteyw akoma oti oi Amerikanoi, oi opoioi apo kairo htan distaktikoi oson afora sth symmetoxh twn Eyrwpaiwn sthn eirhneytikh diadikasia, shmera einai pio anoiktoi sthn idea ayth", tonizei o k. Sirak.

    Alla kai o Gallos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Imper Bentrin, ektimhse oti oi apofaseis "poy exoyn chfistei edw kai poly kairo" apo to Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE "kai den exoyn efarmostei", qa prepei na efarmostoyn kyriws sth Mesh Anatolh.

    "H qesh ths Gallias einai oti ola qa prepei na ginoyn stoys kolpoys toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, opws kai sto parelqon, wste na katastei dynaton na yparjei mia arxh ths efarmoghs twn apofasewn aytwn. Ayto einai akribws h periptwsh ths Meshs Anatolhs, alla kai alles periptwseis. Den qewroyme oti mporei na ginei diaforetika akoma kai an epixeirhsoyme na efarmosoyme se mia krish apofaseis poy exoyn efarmostei gia na apemplakoyme apo kapoia allh krish. Kaqe periptwsh einai idiaiterh. Oi prwtagwnistes den einai pote oi idioi, oi lyseis poy epilegontai den einai pote paromoies" prosqese o Gallos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn milwntas sth Geroysia (26.2.98).

    Parallhla, kai o Proedros ths Palaistiniakhs Arxhs Giaser Arafat kalese th dieqnh koinothta kai tis Hnwmenes Politeies na askhsoyn pieseis sto Israhl wste h xwra ayth na symmorfwqei me tis apofaseis toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, kanontas parallhlismo metajy toy ebraikoy kratoys kai toy Irak.

    "Ayto poy synebh twra me to Irak einai h epibebaiwsh toy oti olos o kosmos tassetai yper ths leptomeroys kai ameshs efarmoghs twn apofasewn twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn", dhlwse o k. Arafat sth diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy stis Bryjelles (24.2.98).

    O Palaistinios hgeths eixe synomilies sto Kairo kai me ton Aigyptio Proedro Xosni Moymparak, sxetika me tis prooptikes anabiwshs ths eirhneytikhs diadikasias sth Mesh Anatolh, meta th symfwnia poy epiteyxqhke sth Bagdath metajy Hnwmenwn Eqnwn kai Irak.

    Oi dyo politikoi hgetes synanthqhkan arxika kekleismenwn twn qyrwn kai akoloyqhse synanthsh mias wras me th symmetoxh toy politikoy symboyloy toy Proedroy, toy Prwqypoyrgoy kai ths palaistiniakhs antiproswpeias (APE, Roiter, Germ. Prakt. 25.2.98).

    Sto metajy, o k. Arafat aperrice protash toy Israhlinoy Prwqypoyrgoy Mpeniamin Netaniaxoy gia mia diaskech koryfhs, me skopo na ejeyreqei tropos epanalhchs twn apotelmatwmenwn eirhneytikwn synomiliwn.

    O k. Netaniaxoy eixe proteinei na diejaxqoyn entatikes diapragmateyseis me ton Palaistinio Proedro Giaser Arafat, paroysia kai twn Amerikanwn, gia na yparjei mia oristikh katalhjh gia ta palaistiniaka edafh.

    Apo thn pleyra toy omws, o k. Arafat ypogrammise kata th diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy oti "to shmantikotero pragma einai h anadiplwsh twn israhlinwn dynamewn kai h efarmogh twn yparxoyswn symfwniwn. Ean ginei ayto qa eimai amesws etoimos na synanthqw me ton Netaniaxoy wste na breqei tropos na prowqhqei h eirhneytikh diadikasia" (APE-Roiter, 24.2.98).

    Ejalloy, enqarryntiko xarakthrizetai to gegonos oti to Israhl kai h Palaistiniakh Arxh ypegracan symfwnia synergasias ston tomea ths ekpaideyshs, toy politismoy kai ths episthmhs, ypo thn aigida ths OYNESKO.

    H symfwnia "qa epitrecei stoys Palaistinioys kai toys Israhlinoys na syneisferoyn gia thn oikodomhsh mias mellontikhs eirhnhs, synergazomenoi ypo thn aigida ths OYNESKO", dhlwse o ekproswpos ths Organwshs se teleth poy egine sth Ramala ths Dytikhs Oxqhs. (APE- Gall. Prakt., 26.2.98).

    [10] Apomakrynontai ta synnefa toy polemoy panw apo to Irak-Epifylaktikes oi HPA

    Thn agwnia ths dieqnoys koinothtas gia thn telikh ekbash ths krishs sto Irak diadexthke h anakoyfish, kaqws meta thn epiteyxqeisa symfwnia metajy toy Genikoy Grammatea toy OHE Kofi Anan kai ths kybernhshs toy Irak, apomakrynontai ta synnefa toy polemoy panw apo th xwra ayth, toylaxiston pros to paron.

    H diaxyth aisiodojia fainetai pantws na episkiazetai kapws, ejaitias ths epifylaktikhs stashs poy krathsan apo thn arxh oi HPA, oi opoies -den einai yperbolh na to yposthrijoyme- den eidan sthn pragmatikothta me kalo mati th symfwnia.

    Eidikotera, opws metedwse h "Fwnh ths Toyrkias" (23.2.98), h amerikanikh kybernhsh antimetwpise me epifylaktikothta th symfwnia ayth, poy xarakthrizetai ekplhktikh ap' oles tis pleyres. H amerikanikh kybernhsh, parola ayta, synexizei th sklhrh stash ths kata toy Irak. O Amerikanos ypoyrgos Amynas Oyiliam Koen, se dhlwsh toy ypogrammise oti "den mporoyme na poyme oti exei ejoydeterwqei teleiws h krish toy Kolpoy, protoy na doyme oti o Santam prosarmozetai stis apofaseis toy OHE. O Santam pantote dinei yposxeseis, omws den tis threi".

    Alla kai h ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn twn HPA Mantlin Olmprait, dhlwse oti antimetwpizei me amfibolia thn anakoinwsh toy Irak, oti qa prosarmosqei stis apofaseis toy Symboylioy Asfaleias toy OHE.

    Oi epifylajeis aytes erxontai se eyqeia antiqesh me tis aisiodojes dhlwseis toy idioy toy Kofi Anan, o opoios amesws meta thn ypografh ths symfwnias dhlwse pros toys dhmosiografoys - opws metedwse to BBC apo th Bagdath stis 23.2.98- oti h symfwnia ayth mporei na symbalei sthn epilysh ths krishs.

    Sthn idia synenteyjh o Genikos Grammateas toy OHE prosqese oti oi oroi ths symfwnias prepei na ginoyn apodektoi kai oti exei parameristei ena basiko empodio gia thn efarmogh twn chfismatwn toy Symboylioy Asfaleias. O idios tonise oti qa prepei na xalarwsei h krish sto Irak kai na arqei h amesh apeilh gia amerikanikes aeroporikes epidromes.

    Ejalloy, se omilia toy sth Bagdath, o k. Anan eipe pws h synqhkh eyqygrammizetai me oles tis apofaseis toy OHE sxetika me ta irakina opla mazikhs katastrofhs.

    O k. Anan den edwse leptomereies, alla eipe pws h symfwnia den qetei xronikoys periorismoys stis epiqewrhseis oplwn toy OHE sto Irak, kati poy qa hqele h Bagdath (FWNH THS AMERIKHS, 23.2.98).

    Apo thn pleyra toy Irak yphrje mia qriambologia, oxi adikaiologhth qa legame, gia thn epiteyjh ths symfwnias. O antiproedros ths irakinhs kybernhshs Tarek Aziz, dhlwse oti h symfwnia apotelei nikh ths diplwmatias. Basikh proteraiothta twra einai h arsh twn kyrwsewn eis baros toy Irak, prosqese o k. Aziz (BBC, 23.2.98).

    Endeiktiko twn proqesewn twn HPA pantws, htan kai to periexomeno toy diaggelmatos poy aphyqyne o Proedros Mpil Klinton pros ton amerikaniko lao (23.2.98). O Mpil Klinton afoy kalwsorise thn apostolh toy G.G. toy OHE, eyxaristhse toys Amerikanoys stratiwtes kai toys symmaxoys toys gia th symbolh toys, kai dhlwse oti apodexetai me epifylajeis th symfwnia poy epiteyxqhke, tonizontas oti ayto poy exei shmasia einai h thrhsh ths apo ton Proedro Santam.

    Ypogrammise oti opws katesthse safes o G.G. toy OHE, o elegxos afora se olh th xwra, perilambanomenwn kai ekeinwn twn xwrwn poy prohgoymenws eixan parameinei kleistoi.

    Den pareleice en toytois na proeidopoihsei o Proedros Klinton, oti ean to Irak apotyxei ayth th fora, qa ypostei tis synepeies. O k. Klinton tonise oti oi stratiwtikes dynameis qa parameinoyn ston Persiko wsotoy to Irak symmorfwqei pros tis apaithseis ths dieqnoys koinothtas.

    Ejisoy skeptikoi kai epifylaktikoi gia th symfwnia emfanisqhkan kai orismenoi Amerikanoi boyleytes, oi opoioi ekfrazoyn epifylajeis legontas oti pote sto parelqon o Santam Xoysein den krathse to logo toy. O hgeths malista ths pleiochfias sth Geroysia Trent Lont eipe pws o Proedros Klinton brisketai twra se dyskolh qesh, afoy endexetai na anagkasqei na apodexqei mia kakh symfwnia (FWNH THS AMERIKHS, 23.2.98).

    Epifylaktikh stash thrhse kai merida toy Typoy twn HPA, opws h OYASIGKTON POST h opoia, se kyrio arqro ths (26.2.98), ekfrazei skeptikismo gia thn epiteyxqeisa symfwnia metajy ths hgesias toy Irak kai toy G.G. toy OHE, giati den prosferei sobares eggyhseis gia thn ejaleich twn bioxhmikwn oplwn, kai epirriptei eyqynes gia thn ejelijh ayth sthn kybernhsh Klinton kai oxi ston k. Anan.

    Antiqeta, h BALTIMORE SUN se kyrio arqro ths (26.2.98) ejairei thn epiteyxqeisa symfwnia sto Irak, poy synebalan toso oi HPA oso kai o OHE, tonizontas oti h epityxia ayth qa prepei na katasthsei safes stis HPA oti qa prepei na ejoflhsoyn to 1 dis. dolaria xreos toys pros ton OHE.

    H efhmerida tonizei oti o apomonwtismos isws na htan elkystikos prin 60 xronia, htan omws lanqasmenos kai parotrynei to Kogkreso na stamathsei ta anohta paixnidia toy kai na ejoflhsei to xreos toy sto dieqnh diagwnismo poy einai aparaithtos gia ta eqnika symferonta twn HPA.

    Ektos twn HPA omws, epifylaktikh emfanisthke kai h Bretania, o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths opoias Rompin Koyk xarakthrise th symfwnia enqarryntikh, alla prosqese pws qa prepei na ejetasqei prosektika.

    Sto metajy, o Kofi Anan, apeyqynomenos sto proswpiko toy OHE zhthse na mhn ephreazetai apo tis epikriseis gia th symfwnia poy epiteyxqhke sth Bagdath, legontas oti to Symboylio Asfaleias kai oxi oi epikrites, qa einai ekeino poy qa exei ton teleytaio logo ( 26.2.98).

    Proeidopoihseis pros ton Santam

    Proeidopoihsh aphyqyne o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths Gallias Imper Bentrin pros ton Irakino Proedro Santam Xoysein, oti qa xasei pleon kaqe yposthrijh an prokalesei nea krish stis sxeseis toy me ta Hnwmena Eqnh, me aformh toys elegxoys toy oplostasioy toy.

    "Qa htan kyriolektika katastrofiko an o Santam Xoysein pisteye oti twra exei jemplejei m' ayth thn istoria kai mporei na pyrodothsei nea krish", anaferei o Bentrin, se synenteyjh toy sthn parisinh LIMPERASION (27.2.98).

    O Genikos Grammateas toy Arabikoy Syndesmoy, Esmat Ampntel Megkint, dhlwse pws einai "piqanh h symmetoxh toy Irak se mia prosexh arabikh synodo", kalese omws th Bagdath na pragmatopoihsei bhmata gia thn ejygiansh ths atmosfairas ston arabiko kosmo (AL XAGIAT, 1. 3.98).

    Sto metajy, kai enw o antiproedros ths irakinhs kybernhshs Tarek Aziz milwntas pros to idiwtiko galliko thleoptiko diktyo "LCI" diabebaiwse ton Gallo Proedro Zak Sirak oti to Irak qa thrhsei tis desmeyseis toy me ikanopoihtiko tropo kai me sobarothta (27.2.98), h Bretania mazi me thn Iapwnia espeysan na paroysiasoyn sta melh toy Symboylioy Asfaleias toy OHE ena neo sxedio chfismatos, to opoio apeilei to Irak me poly sobares synepeies, ean parabiasei th symfwnia gia tis epiqewrhseis toy oplostasioy toy.

    To sxedio chfismatos exei mikres tropopoihseis sxetika me prohgoymenes, poy proeidopoioyse me tis "pio sobares synepeies" to Irak, diathrei omws oroys poy qa mporoysan na ermhneytoyn san prasino fws gia tyxon amerikanikes epidromes (APE-Gall. Prakt., 28. 2.98).

    To Irak apo th meria toy,xarakthrise peritth mia apofash toy Symboylioy Asfaleias poy qa emperieixe mia tetoia proeidopoihsh kai kathgorhse tis HPA gia prospaqeia yponomeyshs ths eqnikhs toy kyriarxias.

    "Kata thn ektimhsh mas mia apofash toy Symboylioy Asfaleias poy na sthrizei th symfwnia einai apolytws mh anagkaia", dhlwse o ypoyrgos Petrelaiwn toy Irak, Amir Moxamant Rasint, sth diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy (28.2.98).

    Dyo meres nwritera (26.2.98), o Proedros ths rwsikhs Katw Boylhs (Doyma) Gkenanti Seleznief, dhlwne sth Damasko oti oi HPA prepei na aposyroyn tis stratiwtikes dynameis poy exoyn anaptyjei sthn perioxh toy Kolpoy, dioti "den exoyn pleon kanena logo paramonhs sthn perioxh. H paramonh toys qa mporoyse na parempodisei thn eirhneytikh diadikasia sthn perioxh ayth kai epomenws qa eprepe oi HPA na tis aposyroyn" (APE-Gall. Prakt.).

    Alla kai o Rwsos eidikos apestalmenos sth Bagdath, Biktor Posoybalioyk, dhlwse pros toys dhmosiografoys (1.3.98) oti exei th diabebaiwsh toy antiproedroy ths irakinhs kybernhshs, Tarek Aziz, oti h Bagdath qa sebastei plhrws th symfwnia me ton OHE, sxetika me ton irakino afoplismo.

    En toytois oi diabebaiwseis kai oi desmeyseis aytes de fainetai na peiqoyn toys Amerikanoys. Geroysiastes twn HPA, milwntas sto thleoptiko diktyo NBC (1.3.98), kalesan ton Mpil Klinton na antistrecei th mexri shmera politikh toy enanti toy Santam Xoysein kai na ton ejanagkasei na apoxwrhsei apo thn ejoysia, gegonos poy einai kai pagios amerikanikos stoxos.

    Epishs, o repoymplikanos Proedros ths Boylhs twn Antiproswpwn, Nioyt Gkingkrits, zhthse apo thn amerikanikh kybernhsh na askhsei beto enantion opoiasdhpote apofashs toy OHE poy den qa perilambanei th rhtra ths aytomaths epiqeshs kata toy Irak, sthn periptwsh poy h Bagdath den symmorfwqei me tis epiqewrhseis toy oplostasioy ths (APE-Roiter, 1.3.98).


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