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Review of the week, 98-02-12

Hellenic Ministry of Press and Mass Media: The Week in Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Ministry of Press & Mass Media <http://www.minpress.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

[A] E/T SXESEIS-KYPRIAKO

  • [01] Iakwboy kai Klhridhs oi monomaxoi toy b gyroy twn proedrikwn eklogwn
  • [02] Mpatoy: "H enwsh Kyproy-Elladas exei oysiastika epiteyxqei
  • [03] Nees isorropies Elladas-Toyrkias
  • [04] H Toyrkia sto skamni sto Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio
  • [B] BALKANIA

  • [05] Ikanopoihmenos o Sairoys Bans ap' thn poreia twn ellhno-skopianwn synomiliwn gia to epimaxo qema toy onomatos
  • [06] Thn apoxwrhsh ths ellhnikhs stratiwtikhs dynamhs apo thn Albania zhtaei o Mperisa
  • [07] kybernhshs - Anoigmata pros thn Eyrwph zhta to Mayroboynio
  • [08] Enteinontai oi pieseis pros ton Milosebits gia to Kossyfopedio
  • [09] Diaswzetai o kybernhtikos synaspismos
  • [G] MESH ANATOLH

  • [10] Sta proqyra polemoy ston Kolpo brisketai h anqrwpothta
  • [11] Israhl: Nai, se palaistiniako kratos alla.... ypo oroys

  • [A] E/T SXESEIS-KYPRIAKO

    [01] Iakwboy kai Klhridhs oi monomaxoi toy b gyroy twn proedrikwn eklogwn

    H diejagwgh toy prwtoy gyroy twn proedrikwn eklogwn htan to koryfaio gegonos ths ebdomadas sto Kypriako.

    Ta apotelesmata toy prwtoy gyroy fernoyn ton shmerino Proedro Glayko Klhridh, poy sygkentrwse to 40,06% twn chfwn, kai ton anejarthto ypochfio Giwrgo Iakwboy, me pososto 40,61% na diekdikoyn to proedriko ajiwma ston epomeno gyro ths 15hs Febroyarioy.

    O k. Klhridhs yposthrizetai apo ton Dhmokratiko Synagermo kai thn Kinhsh Politikoy Eksygxronismoy, enw o k. Iakwboy yposthrizetai apo to AKEL kai to DHKO. Oi alloi pente ypochfioi, poy qa dwsoyn kai th nikh ston deytero gyro sygkentrwsan:

    - Basos Lyssaridhs Proedros toy EDEK o opoios yposthrixthke apo to Komma toy, 10,6%. - Giwrgos Basileioy, prwhn Proedro ths Dhmokratias, o opoios yposthrixthke apo to Komma toy, toys Enwmenoys Dhmokrates 3%. - Alejhs Galanos, boyleyths kai prwhn Antiproedros toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos o opoios kathlqe ws anejarthtos afoy diafwnhse rizika me thn apofash toy Kommatos toy na yposthrijei ton k. Iakwboy 4%. - Nikos Koytsoy, Proedros twn Newn Orizontwn 0,9%. - Nikos Rolandhs, Proedros toy Kommatos twn Fileleyqerwn 0,8%.

    O ypochfios gia thn Proedria k. Klhridhs se syntomh dhlwsh toy ( APE, 8.2.98), anakoinwse oti arxizei prospaqeia gia sxhmatismo kybernhshs eqnikhs enothtas.

    O nikhths toy prwtoy gyroy k. Iakwboy ypogrammise oti to pososto poy ejasfalise dinei mia poly kalh bash gia na proxwrhsei mprosta "me tis omores proodeytikes dynameis gia na doqoyn sthn Kypro oi prooptikes poy ths ajizoyn". Symfwna me to APE (8.2.98) o k. Iakwboy eteine xeri synergasias sthn EDEK, toys Enwmenoys Dhmokrates kai se oloys toys DHKOikoys chfoforoys poy den ton yposthrijan ston prwto gyro.

    Sto metajy, o arxhgos ths EDEK k. Lyssaridhs (APE, 8.2.98) dhlwse oti "o rolos ths EDEK einai ryqmistikos kai kaqorizetai apo tis ejelijeis opws tis epiballei h sklhrh pragmatikothta. O ryqmistikos rolos apotelei katalyth gia tis ejelijeis kai den qa prodwsoyme se kamia periptwsh tis prosdokies aytes toy laoy. Basikos stoxos ths EDEK einai h diasfalish ths neas poreias kai sygkekrimena ths eyrytaths dynaths enothtas sth bash toy laoy. Anaforika me tis synergasies enocei toy deyteroy gyroy qa epikentrwqoyn sthn prowqhsh toy eqnikoy problhmatos kai qa ejarthqoyn apo th stash twn allwn. Den prepei na jexname oti eimaste enas laos ypo katoxh kai den exoyme periqwria peraiterw laqwn h topoqethsewn poy anti na prowqoyn to eqniko mas qema to yponomeyoyn".

    H dieqnhs koinothta

    Me entono endiaferon, alla kai apo kapoia apostash parakoloyqei h dieqnhs koinothta thn eklogikh anametrhsh gia thn Proedria ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias.

    Opws metedwse to BBC (5.2.98) h Oyasigkton epixeirei na diathrhsei apostaseis, apofeygontas akomh kai th diatypwsh ektimhsewn. Einai xarakthristiko oti Amerikanoi ajiwmatoyxoi apofeygoyn na syzhthsoyn to qema, enw parallhla epimenoyn oti den exoyn kammia apolytws protimhsh anamesa stoys k.k. Klhridh kai Iakwboy. Kai ayto giati h Oyasigkton krinei oti mporei na ergastei gia thn ejeyresh lyshs kai me toys dyo.

    To problhma, kata thn apoch Amerikanoy ajiwmatoyxoy, den brisketai sthn Kypro alla sthn Agkyra, opoy to klima einai teleiws arnhtiko.

    O Proedros Klhridhs, malista, me epistolh toy pros ton G.G. toy OHE, ton Proedro twn HPA kai ton Prwqypoyrgo ths Bretanias zhthse na ginoyn diabhmata pros thn Agkyra, wste na allajei thn adiallakth stash ths sto Kypriako. Stoxos ayths ths parembashs, opws ypogrammise o k. Klhridhs sth diarkeia synanthshs toy me dhmosiografoys (RIK, 4.2.98), einai na yparjei kapoio sygkekrimeno apotelesma sto neo gyro twn synomiliwn, poy programmatizetai gia ton Martio.

    Alla kai o k. Iakwboy, opws tonise se synenteyjh toy sth XOYRRIET ( 5.2.98) ektima oti "h lysh toy Kypriakoy, brisketai sto xeri ths Agkyras".

    Sto metajy, h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh perimenei apo tis proedrikes ekloges mia staqerh kybernhsh gia na mporesei na diapragmateytei aneta mazi ths. Kai ayto giati h E.E. fainetai na apaitei pleon th symmetoxh kai twn Toyrkokypriwn stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis. Ayto prokyptei kai apo thn koinh anakoinwsh twn Ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn ths Gallias kai ths Germanias, poy ekdoqhke amesws meta th synanthsh toys sth Bonnh (2.2.98).

    Sto keimeno, me to opoio kwdikopoieitai eniaia gallogermanikh stash kai stenoterh synergasia se seira qematwn eyrwpaikhs ejwterikhs politikhs, metajy allwn ypogrammizetai:

    - H kypriakh antiproswpeia stis entajiakes diapragmateyseis qa prepei na symperilabei kai ekproswpoys twn Toyrkokypriwn kai anamenoyn apo thn Kypriakh Kybernhsh na ypobalei sxetikh protash, apodekth apo oles tis pleyres.

    - H apofash enarjhs twn entajiakwn diapragmateysewn gia thn Kypro prepei na ajiopoihqei ws mia nea wqhsh stis prospaqeies epilyshs toy Kypriakoy. Ola ta endiaferomena merh prepei na parakinhqoyn na synexisoyn -parallhla me thn poreia twn entajiakwn diapragmateysewn- kai tis diakoinotikes synomilies, ypo thn aigida toy G.G. twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn.

    - Oi diapragmateyseis aytes qa enisxyqoyn, ean paraithqoyn kai oi dyo pleyres sto nhsi apo toys peraiterw ejoplismoys me sygxrona oplika systhmata, wste na meiwqei h entash.

    H Agkyra kai to ceydrokratos

    Antiqeta, gia thn Agkyra kai to ceydokratos elaxisth shmasia exoyn oi proedrikes ekloges, giati, kata tis ektimhseis armodiwn kyklwn, den prokeitai na allajoyn thn poreia toy Kypriakoy. Symfwna me to BBC (6.2.98) to mikro endiaferon poy deixnei h Agkyra gia tis ekloges syndyazetai kai me th genikoterh strofh ths toyrkikhs politikhs, poy sthrizetai pleon sto dogma twn dyo kratwn. Kaqe ejelijh sthn Kypro synartatai apo thn anagnwrish kai nomimopoihsh ths de facto yparjhs toy "toyrkokypriakoy kratidioy" sto nhsi.

    O Toyrkokyprios hgeths k. Ntenktas me dhlwseis toy ston MPAYRAK (8. 2.98) sxoliazontas tis ekloges tonise: "Den qa yparjei allagh sthn ellhnokypriakh politikh, opoios ki an kerdisei".

    Opws yposthrije o "prwqypoyrgos" toy ceydokratoys k. Erogloy, meta apo synanthsh toy me ton Raoyf Ntenktas (MPAYRAK, 2.2.98) "apo tis prosfates parathrhseis poy ekanan oi Ellhnokyprioi politikoi hgetes sth diarkeia ths proeklogikhs ekstrateias egine safes oti h Kypros apexei poly apo th syndiallagh". Epomenws, tonise o k. Erogloy "kaqistatai anagkaio gia thn toyrkikh pleyra na enisxysei to diko ths kratos ". Prosqese, telos oti h "kybernhsh" toy "pisteyei pws qa prepei na ginoyn amoibaia bhmata me th Notia Kypro me stoxo thn egkaqidrysh kalwn geitonikwn sxesewn".

    Ejalloy kai o "ypoyrgos" Ejwterikwn kai Amynas k. Etkin, dyo meres argotera se grapth dhlwsh toy, shmeiwne: "Mia symfwnia me thn Notia Kypro mporei na epiteyxqei mono sth bash dyo kratwn, me stoxo th dhmioyrgia enos eirhnikoy mellontos poy na basizetai sto symbibasmo, th synergasia kai th filia twn dyo kratwn".

    Alla kai o Raoyf Ntenktas, me aformh thn apofash ths bretanikhs kybernhshs gia thn epibolh bizas stoys Toyrkokyprioys dhlwse, symfwna me ton MPAYRAK (4.2.98), oti "qa epiblhqoyn antimetra, wste na ginei antilhpth h yparjh enos jexwristoy kratoys sto Borra".

    [02] Mpatoy: "H enwsh Kyproy-Elladas exei oysiastika epiteyxqei

    Sto metajy, o Toyrkos anaplhrwths yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Mpatoy se synenteyjh toy sthn agglofwnh TURKISH DAILY NEWS (2.2.98) yposthrije oti "h enwsh ths ellhnikhs Kyproy me thn Ellada exei oysiastika epiteyxqei". O k. Mpatoy sthrizei thn ektimhsh ayth sth stratiwtikh synergasia Kyproy kai Elladas, alla kai sthn politikh kai oikonomikh enswmatwsh poy, opws tonizei, epitygxanetai kai mesw ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs.

    "Qeloyn, wstoso, na diathrhsoyn dyo chfoys, enantion ths Toyrkias sthn E.E. kai na enisxysoyn thn ellhnikh paroysia mesa sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh" ejhghse o k. Mpatoy gia na aitiologhsei giati h "enwsh" den exei parei th morfh ths enswmatwshs ths Kyproy sto ellhniko kratos.

    Telos o k. Mpatoy isxyristhke oti h Ellada epidiwkei na ejelixqei to Kypriako se problhma metajy ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai ths Toyrkias kai na pacei na apotelei dimeres ellhnotoyrkiko problhma.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei oti h TDN filojenhse thn idia mera tis apoceis Toyrkoy diplwmath symfwna me tis opoies "to toyrkiko Geniko Epiteleio Stratoy blepei thn Ellada kai thn Kypro ws mia eniaia kratikh ontothta. Se periptwsh poy yparjei enoplh syrrajh sthn Kypro, einai bebaih h anamijh ths Elladas kai ths Toyrkias kai antistrofa, an yparjei sygkroysh metajy Aqhnas kai Agkyras einai sigoyrh h emplokh ths Kyproy".

    O Toyrkos diplwmaths pisteyei epishs oti "yparxoyn hdh oi proypoqeseis gia mia ellhnotoyrkikh syrrajh logw ths gewgraikhs idiomorfias toy Aigaioy, ths ayjhshs toy ariqmoy twn stratiwtikwn askhsewn alla kai logw ths synexoys diafwnias gia ta xwrika ydata".

    Anhsyxia sthn Oyasigkton gia
    Kypro kai Aigaio

    Alla kai o arxhgos ths CIA k. Tenet, kataqetontas thn perasmenh ebdomada sthn Eidikh Epitroph Mystikwn Plhroforiwn ths Geroysias gia tis apeiles kata ths asfaleias twn HPA anaferqhke kai sto Aigaio ypogrammizontas oti "dikaiologeitai h ayjanomenh anhsyxia gia thn entash metajy Elladas kai Toyrkias, eidikotera meta thn apofash toy Loyjemboyrgoy kai thn anamenomenh afijh twn rwsikwn antiaeroporikwn pyraylwn S-300 sthn Kypro".

    O k. Tenet yposthrije, epishs, oti "oi synexizomenes diafwnies gia thn orioqethsh toy qalassioy kai enaerioy xwroy sto Aigaio, enisxyoyn thn apo makroy exqrothta metajy Elladas kai Toyrkias".

    H anhsyxia alla kai to endiaferon ths Oyasigkton gia thn perioxh apodeiknyetai kai apo dhlwsh toy anaplhrwth ekproswpoy toy Staiht Nthpartment k. Foley (APE, 4.2.98) o opoios apantwntas se erwthsh gia to rolo poy diadramatisan oi HPA sth diarkeia ths krishs sta Imia tonise:

    "Parakoloyqoysame ta gegonota me poly prosoxh thn epoxh ekeinh kai briskomastan se stenh epafh kai me tis dyo kybernhseis gia na bohqhsoyme na ektonwqei mia rwsikh katastash kai na apotrapei h ekrhjh bias".

    Sto metajy, oi HPA zhthsan apo thn Toyrkia na beltiwsei ta metra asfaleias gyrw apo tis orqodojes ekklhsies - kai genikotera ta qrhskeytika idrymata - poy yparxoyn sth xwra kai parotrynan tis toyrkikes arxes na ereynhsoyn se baqos ta aitia poy prokalesan tis prosfates epiqeseis kai na proxwrhsoyn sth syllhch twn ypeyqynwn.

    Apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh toy APE (5.2.98), o ekproswpos toy Staiht Nthpartment k. Roympin milhse gia "egklhmatikes energeies" prosqetontas oti h Oyasigkton anamenei perissoteres plhrofories kai stoixeia gyrw apo to sygkekrimena peristatika.

    "Qewroyme aytoy toy eidoys tis epiqeseis deiles kai tis katadikazoyme me ton pio kathgorhmatiko tropo. H pio prosfath epiqesh kata toy naoy toy Agioy Qeraponta sthn Kwnstantinoypolh einai egklhmatikh" tonise o k. Roympin kai symplhrwse: "Toyrkoi ajiwmatoyxoi ereynoyn ayto to egklhma, opws epishs kai th rich bombas ton perasmeno Dekembrio.

    Epishmainoyme oti ajiwmatoyxoi ths toyrkikhs kybernhshs epishs katadikasan tis epiqeseis aytes kai elaban metra gia th beltiwsh ths asfaleias se tetoioys xwroys. Meta apo ayth thn epiqesh enqarrynoyme thn toyrkikh kybernhsh na epanejetasei thn eparkeia twn metrwn asfaleias se alloys qrhskeytikoys xwroys".

    [03] Nees isorropies Elladas-Toyrkias

    Efamilles twn ypoloipwn natoikwn xwrwn paroysiazontai twra Ellada kai Toyrkia meta thn apofash ths Amerikhs na zhthsei ton termatismo ths paroxhs stratiwtikhs bohqeias pros tis dyo xwres. H nea ayth politikh apotelei oysiastika aporroia ths "wrimanshs" poy exei epelqei stis sxeseis twn HPA me thn Ellada kai thn Toyrkia, tonise o dieyqynths toy grafeioy sxediasmoy kai politikhs toy Steit Nthpartment Kregk Tzonstooyn (APE, 2.2.98).

    Se arqro toy sto DEFENCE NEWS (2.2.98) o Philip Finnmegan, egrace oti h diakoph ths stratiwtikhs bohqeias qa qesei tis kataskeyastikes etaireies amyntikwn oplwn twn dyo xwrwn se meionektikh qesh meta thn anakoinwsh toy proypologismoy twn HPA.

    Sto metajy, o ypoyrgos Amynas ths Toyrkias Sezgkin egine dektos sto Parisi apo to Gallo YPEJ k. Bentrin.

    Symfwna me thlegrafhma toy AFP (2.2.98) h Gallia kai h Toyrkia synexizoyn thn antallagh apocewn ws pros thn efarmogh etairikhs sxeshs ston tomea ths kataskeyhs oplwn. "Den skeftomaste na poylhsoyme alla na synergastoyme biomhxanika", dhlwse o Gallos YPEQA.

    Symfwna me dhmosieyma ths TURKISH DAILY NEWS (6.2.98) h Gallia kai h Toyrkia symfwnhsan kat' arxhn na symparagoyn toys antiarmatikoys pyrayloys ERYX synolikhs dapanhs 2,8 dis gallikwn fragkwn.

    H symparagwgh ayth qa dwsei thn ikanothta sto toyrkiko peziko na apokthsei antiarmatikh amyntikh yperoxh se periptwsh xersaioy polemoy.

    [04] H Toyrkia sto skamni sto Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio

    H toyrkikh kybernhsh katadikasthke apo to Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn sthn prosfygh toy K.K. Toyrkias. H toyrkikh kybernhsh kaleitai twra na plhrwsei 120.000 dol. fragka pros ton Proedro kai ton Gen. Grammatea toy K.K. gia dikastika ejoda poy ypesthsan (3.2.98, Grafeio Typoy).

    Sto metajy, mia mera nwritera o arxhgos toy apagoreyqentos kommatos ths Eyhmerias k. Netzmetin Ermpakan apofasise na zhthsei apo to Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn na syzhthsei kata proteraiothta thn apofash toy Toyrkikoy Syntagmatikoy Dikasthrioy sxetika me thn apagoreysh toy kommatos toy.

    [B] BALKANIA

    [05] Ikanopoihmenos o Sairoys Bans ap' thn poreia twn ellhno-skopianwn synomiliwn gia to epimaxo qema toy onomatos

    Ikanopoihtikh qewrei thn ws twra poreia twn ellhno-skopianwn synomiliwn gia thn epilysh toy problhmatos ths onomasias o eidikos diamesolabhths toy G.G. toy OHE Sairoys Bans.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy poy edwse stis 5 Felbarh sthn edra toy OHE, o k. Bans, apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh, tonise: "Synanthqhkame me toys antiproswpoys ths Elladas kai ths PGDM kai pali thn perasmenh ebdomada gia na syzhthsoyme to mono ekkremes qema poy yparxei metajy twn dyo xwrwn, poy einai to qema toy onomatos.

    Eixame mia kalh synanthsh kai qa synathqoyme pali se treis peripoy ebdomades. Mporw na pw oti genika pisteyw pws ta pragmata proxwroyn ikanopoihtika".

    Klhqeis na sxoliasei to gegonos oti oi synomilies, poy diarkoyn panw apo dyo xronia, proxwroyn poly arga, o Sairoys Bans epeshmane pws "prepei na proxwrei kaneis prosektika kai arga, gia na kanei swsth doyleia" (APE, 5.2.98).

    Sto qema toy onomatos anaferqhke kai o Prwqypoyrgos twn Skopiwn Mpranko Tserbenkofski, kata thn episkech toy stis Bryjelles, legontas oti to zhthma ayto ginetai prospaqeia na epilyqei mesw diapragmateysewn ypo thn aigida toy OHE, prosqetontas parallhla oti to qema toy onomatos den mporei pleon na staqei empodio sthn proodo twn dimerwn sxesewn.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh toy Eyrwboyleyth toy SYN k. Alabanoy se sxetikh syzhthsh sthn Epitroph Ejwterikwn Ypoqesewn toy Eyrwpaikoy Koinoboylioy, o Skopianos Prwqypoyrgos tonise metajy allwn: "Symfwna me thn endiamesh symfwnia ths Neas Yorkhs, oi dyo pleyres qa diapragmateyqoyn oxi thn allagh toy onomatos, alla gia tis diafores sxetika me to onoma. H xwra mas symmetexei entelws eilikrina stis diapragmateyseis giati ejaitias aytoy toy qematos yposthkame polles apwleies sto parelqon. Anazhtame mia amoibaia apodekth lysh. Ta periqwria kinhsewn einai dystyxws poly stena kai gia toys dyo. H lysh einai dyskolh. Apo th mia h Ellada den qelei ton oro "Makedonia" enw apo thn allh emeis exoyme to Syntagma kai to dikaiwma na dwsoyme onoma sth xwra mas. Para ta stenotata periqwria eimai aisiodojos oti qa yparjei diejodos (APE, 5.2.98)

    Synanthsh politikwn arxhgwn

    Oi sxeseis ths PGDM me tis geitonikes ths xwres einai to antikeimeno ths synanthshs poy qa exei stis 10 kai 11 Febroyarioy me toys arxhgoys twn politikwn kommatwn o Proedros ths xwras Kiro Gkligkorof.

    Sth synanthsh ayth den qa symmetasxoyn to Eqnikistiko Komma VMRO- DPMNE kai to Fileleyqero Dhmokratiko Komma me to aitiologiko oti oi mexri twra paromoies synanthseis poroseferan aplws kalych sthn kybernhsh kai ton idio ton Proedro sthn askhsh ths ejwterikhs politikhs.

    Pantws, ekproswpoi twn kommatwn poy metexoyn ston kybernhtiko synaspismo ektimoyn oti h arnhsh twn dyo kommatwn na paroyn meros sth synanthsh ofeiletai sth dyskolia poy exoyn na ekfrasoyn anoixta tis qeseis toys gia tis sxeseis me tis geitonikes xwres.

    Sto metajy, opws metedwse to kratiko radiofwno twn Skopiwn (5.2.98) stoys diadromoys orismenwn politikwn kommatwn kykloforoyn fhmes oti exei breqei kapoia symbibastikh lysh sthn ellhno-skopianh dienejh gia to qema toy onomatos kai gia to logo layto o Gkligkorof sygkalei th syskech twn politikwn arxhgwn, oytws wste na proetimasei thn koinh gnwmh gia na apodexqei th lysh ayth.

    Episkech Tserbenkofski stis Bryjelles

    Dihmerh episkech stis Bryjelles pragmatopoihse stis 4 kai 5 Febroyarioy o Prwqypoyrgos twn Skopiwn Mpranko Tserbenkofski, opoy eixe synomilies me ton G.G. toy NATO Xabier Solana, ton Belgo omologo toy k. Ntean, ton Proedro ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs Zak Santer kai ton Epitropo Xans Ban nter Mproyk.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy o k. Tserbenkofski emfanisthke apolyta ikanopoihmenos ap' ta apotelesmata twn synomiliwn kai ektimhse san poly epityxh thn episkech toy stis Bryjelles.

    Eidikotera gia th synanthsh toy me ton G.G. toy NATO k. Solana dhlwse, oti h xwra toy skopeyei na einai ypochfia pros entajh xwra sto ameso mellon kati poy qa ejarthqei, metajy allwn, apo thn proodo sto qesmiko plaisio ths stratiwtikhs domhs ths xwras. Epipleon ypogrammise oti h eirhneytikh dynamh toy OHE poy staqmeyei sth FYROM qa prepei na parameinei kai meta tis 31 Aygoystoy, hmeromhnia lhjhs ths apostolhs ths eirhneytikhs dynamhs, dedomenhs ths erkyqmhs katastashs sto Kossyfopedio.

    Oson afora tis epafes toy me thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph, o k. Tserbenkofski dhlwse oti sto epikentro twn synomiliwn toy me toys k. Santer kai Ban nter Mproyk htan h symfwnia synergasias, h opoia isxyei apo thn 1h Ianoyarioy kai h epektash ths se symfwnia syndeshs.

    Symfwna me ton k. Tserbenkofski oi syzhthseis gia na ginei h PGDM syndedemenjo melos qa arxisoyn sto deytero ejamhno toy trexontos etoys.

    Anaferomenos stis sxeseis ths xwras toy me ta geitonika krath, o Skopianos Prwqypoyrgos ypogrammise oti h Ellada shmera einai o yp' ariqmon ena jenos ependyths, enw h synergasia proodeyei se oloys toys tomeis.

    Gia tis sxeseis ths xwras toy me thn prwhn Gioygkoslabia anefere ws monadiko problhma th xarajh twn synorwn metajy twn dyo xwrwn, enw oson afora th Boylgaria paroles tis armonikes sxeseis paramenei to qema ths anagnwrishs ths glwssas apo to Boylgariko kratos. Parallhla oi sxeseis toy kratoys toy me thn Albania bainoyn beltioymenes meta kai apo thn episkech toy k. Nano sta Skopia.

    Gia to qema toy Kossyfopedioy eipe oti oi rizospastikes qeseis toy Apelyqerwtikoy Stratoy toy Kossyfopedioy,poy exoyn ekdhlwqei kai me ejtremistikes energeies, den bohqoyn sthn ejeyresh lyshs.

    H qesh ths PGDM einai yper ths apodoshs enos kaqestwtos aytonomias sto Kossyfopedio, mesa sta oria ths Omospondiakhs Dhmokratias ths Gioygkoslabias, katelhje o Mpranko Tserbenkofski (APE, 5.2.98).

    Anablhqhke h synanthsh ths Oxridas

    Opws metedwse to kratiko radiofwno twn Skopiwn stis 4 Febroyarioy, h synanthsh twn ypoyrgwn Amynas ths PGDM, ths Elladas, ths Albanias kai ths Boylgarias, poy eprokeito na diejaxqei sthn Oxrida, anablhqhke proswrina.

    O ekproswpos toy Skopianoy Ypoyrgeioy Amynas Peter Atanaswf tonise oti h proswrinh ayth anabolh ofeiletai sto gegonos oti den apanthse akomh o Boylgaros ypoyrgos Amynas Gkiorgki Ananief.

    H synanthsh sthn Oxrida, symfwna me th dhlwsh toy k. Atanaswf, qa exei xarakthra anoiktoy dialogoy metajy twn geitonikwn xwrwn, twn xwrwn-melwn toy NATO kai toy programmatos "Symprajh gia eirhnh" me skopo thn antallagh apocewn kai empeiriwn sxetika me ta problhmata poy antimetwpizoyn oles oi xwres ths perioxhs, apo toys laqrometanastes, to laqremporio oplwn, th dieqnh tromokratia kai to organwmeno egklhma, kaqws kai th dhmioyrgia neoy klimatos stis sxeseis metajy twn xwrwn ths N.A. Eyrwphs, sto pneyma ths Synodoy ths Madriths kai ths synanthshs sth Sofia.

    [06] Thn apoxwrhsh ths ellhnikhs stratiwtikhs dynamhs apo thn Albania zhtaei o Mperisa

    Oi syntonismenes pieseis poy askhqhkan apo toys ekproswpoys twn dieqnwn organismwn anagkasan ton Proedro toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos Sali MPerisa na egkataleicei thn adiallajia toy kai na apofasisei thn epistrofh twn 27 boyleytwn toy sto albaniko Koinoboylio.

    Se anakoinwsh poy ekdoqhke stis 3 Febroyarioy sta Tirana anaferetai oti to Dhmokratiko Komma qa stamathsei to mpoikotaz toy Koinoboylioy, alla qa brei alloys tropoys diamartyrias kata ths kybernhshs. Pantws, sthn anakoinwsh den prosdiorizetai pote qa epistrecoyn sth Boylh oi boyleytes toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos, enw h efhmerida KOXA GIONE topoqetei thn epistrofh mesa sthn anoijh.

    Qelontas na proetoimasei to edafos ths epistrofhs, me to mikrotero dynato politiko kostos, o Sali Mperisa se ena anqellhniko paralhrhma xrhsimopoihse ychloys tonoys kata ths ellhnikhs stratiwtikhs dynamhs poy brisketai sthn Albania, anagagontas to qema ws aixmh toy doratos sthn antipoliteytikh toy taktikh kata ths kybernhshs.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy stis 3 Febroyarioy o Mperisa xarakthrise thn Ellhnikh Dynamh Albanias (EL.D.AL) ws dynamh katakthtwn, isxyrisqhke oti den exei thn entolh toy NATO, alla brisketai sthn Albania gia na proaspisei ta ellhnika symferonta kai zhthse thn apoxwrhsh ths.

    "Apeyqynoyme ekklhsh sthn ellhnikh kybernhsh na aposyrei tis dynameis ths apo thn Albania, gia na mhn metatrapoyn oi dynameis aytes se stoixeio apostaqeropoihshs", dhlwse xarakthristika o Mperisa.

    "H paroysia ths Ellhnikhs Dynamhs shmainei ypodoylwsh twn Tiranwn sthn Aqhna", anefere stis 2.2.98 h proskeimenh ston Mperisa efhmerida "ALMPANIA", enw o boyleyths toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos Azem Xaintari se synenteyjh toy ston radiofwniko staqmo "Kontakt" dhlwse: "Ean h Ellhnikh Dynamh, idiwtikh astynomia toy Fatos Nano, den apomakrynqei syntoma, to timhma qa einai poly megalo". Epishs o Xaintari epanelabe tis gnwstes kathgories toy oti pisw ap' thn ejegersh toy perasmenoy Martioy briskontan oi ellhnikes mystikes yphresies.

    Sto idio qema anaferqhke kai o antiproedros toy "Balli Kombetar" Hysen Selfo, o opoios, opws grafei h Almpania (5.2.98) anefere oti h ellhnikh stratiwtikh paroysia qigei thn eqnikh ajioprepeia twn Albanwn kai apodeiknyei oti h katoxh ths Albanias apotelei adiamfisbhthto gegonos.

    Stoys isxyrismoys Mperisa apanthse o Grammateas Dieqnwn Sxesewn toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos kai Grammateas ths Eyrwatlantikhs Enswmatwshs Makio Lakrori, o opoios tonise oti oi yperboles Mperisa kai Xaintari exoyn sth bash toys ton politiko antagwnismo sthn Albania kai prosqese oti h antproswpeia toy NATO den eqese kanena qema gia thn ellhnikh stratiwtikh paroysia, opws isxyrizontai to Dhmokratiko Komma.

    Episkech Meintani sthn Toyrkia

    O Proedros ths Albanias Retzep Meintani pragmatopoihse ayth thn ebdomada anepishmh episkech stis HPA, kata th diarkeia ths opoias metajy twn allwn synanthqhke kai me ton G.G. toy OHE Kosi Anan, ap' ton opoio zhthse th syndromh toy OHE gia ton afoplismo toy plhqysmoy. Zhthse epishs thn askhsh epirrohs toy Dieqnoys Organismoy gia thn apoklimakwsh ths entashs sto Kossyfopedio.

    Sto metajy, symfwna me thn efhmerida "Shekulli" (4.2.98) o Albanos Proedros anamenetai na episkefqei stis 9 Febroyarioy thn Toyrkia, opoy qa exei synomilies me ton Toyrko omologo toy Soyleiman Ntemirel.

    Opws sxoliazei h efhmerida, h synqesh ths antiproswpeias kai o xronos pragmatopoihshs ths episkechs, h opoia ginetai se mia stigmh poy h kybernhsh dexetai epiqeseis gia epilektikh protimhsh enanti ths Elladas, apodeiknyoyn oti o Meintani epidiwkei na qesei terma stis fhmes poy kykloforoyn gia dhqen pronomiakes sxeseis sthn epilogh geitonwn.

    Episkech Kinkel

    Ta Tirana episkefqhke stis 4 kai 5 Febroyarioy o Bretanos yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Toni Loint, o opoios eixe synomilies me ton Prwqypoyrgo Fatos Nano, ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn Paskal Milo kai ton Proedro toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos Sali Mperisa.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy poy edwse prin anaxwrhsei apo ta Tirana o k. Loint tonise oti h anabaqmish twn sxesewn ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs me thn Albania einai apo ta prwta qemata sthn atzenta ths bretanikhs Proedrias kai prosqese oti h xwra toy qa sthrijei thn eyrwpaikh enswmatwsh ths Albanias.

    Ektos apo ton Bretano yfypoyrgo, thn albanikh prwteyoysa episkefqhke stis 6 Flebarh kai o Germanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Klaoys Kinkel, epikefalhs antiproswpeias Germanwn boyleytwn kai epixeirhmatiwn.

    O k. Kinkel, o opoios synanthqhke me ton Prwqypoyrgo k. Nano, ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn k. Milo kai ton prwhn Proedro Sali Mperisa, yposxeqhke oti h xwra toy qa synexisei na yposthrijei tis prospaqeies ths albanikhs kybernhshs gia thn anoikodomhsh ths xwras.

    Sto epikentro twn synomiliwn htan kai h katastash poy epikratei sto Kossyfopedio kai h gallogermanikh prwtoboylia gia thn enarjh dialogoy me stoxo thn ektonwsh ths entashs sthn perioxh.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh toy praktoreioy TANGIOYGK sxetika me thn ellhnikh prwtoboylia gia to Kossyfopedio, dhlwse oti "kaqe kinhsh poy kineitai ston ajona ths ejeyreshs lyshs einai kalodexoymenh" ( APE, 6.2.98).

    Sxetika me thn ejwterikh politikh poy akoloyqei h Albania, tonise oti h Germania symfwnei me toys xeirismoys ths shmerinhs kybernhshs.

    Ap' thn pleyra toy o Albanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Milo tonise oti syzhthqhke kat' arxhn h politikh katastash poy epikratei sthn perioxh twn Balkaniwn, enw epeshmane oti "h Germania apoteloyse synergath ths Albanias sto parelqon kai se o,ti afora to mellon skopeyoyme na synergastoyme perissotero" (APE, 6.2.98).

    Episkech sth Germania toy Prwqypoyrgoy ths serbobosniakhs

    [07] kybernhshs - Anoigmata pros thn Eyrwph zhta to Mayroboynio

    Th Germania epeleje ws prwth xwra gia epishmh episkech o neoeklegeis Prwqypoyrgos ths Serbikhs Dhmokratias ths Bosnias Milorant Ntontik.

    O metriopaqhs Ntontik episkefqhke th Bonnh stis 4 Febroyarioy kai eixe synomilies me to Germano ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn Klaoys Kinkel kai thn hgesia twn Sosialdhmokratwn.

    O Kinkel yposxeqhke oti qa synexisqoyn oi prospaqeies ths Germanias gia oikonomikh bohqeia pros th Repoymplika Serpska toso se dimeres kai koinotiko epipedo, oso kai mesw ths Dieqnoys Trapezas kai toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy. Parallhla, o Kinkel edeije katanohsh kai gia to qema ths epistrofhs twn serbobosniwn prosfygwn poy brhkan katafygio sth Germania, legontas oti h epistrofh toys den mporei na ginei prin beltiwqei h oikonomikh kai koinwnikh katastash sth Serbikh Dhmokratia.

    Politikoi parathrhtes ektimoyn oti o Germanos ypoyrgos elabe ws antallagmata ap' ton Ntontik thn yposxesh gia mia apofasistikh symbolh sth syllhch kai paradosh toy Rantoban Karatzits sto Dieqnes Dikasthrio ths Xaghs, kaqws kai th diabebaiwsh ths anejarthsias toy enanti toy Gioygkoslaboy Proedroy Slompontan Milosebits.

    Allwste, stis dhlwseis toy o Serbobosnios Prwqypoyrgos tonise oti "h apofash mas na ylopoihsoyme se oloys toys tomeis th Symfwnia toy Nteiton, isxyei kai gia thn paradosh twn kathgoroymenwn gia egklhmata polemoy sto Dikasthrio ths Xaghs" (APE, 4.2.98).

    Anoigma pros thn Eyrwph

    Oi prwtes tribes stis sxeseis toy Proedroy ths Gioygkoslabias Sl. Milosebits me to neo Proedro toy Mayroboynioy Milo Tzoykanobits arxisan hdh, kaqws o metarryqmisths Proedros ths mikrhs Dhmokratias ths O.D. Gioygkoslabias kalese ton Milosebits na kanei anoigmata pros thn Eyrwph. "Proteraiothta ths politikhs ths xwras qa prepei na einai h epejergasia enos programmatos, to opoio qa mas epitrecei na proseggisoyme to taxytero kai me ton kalytero dynato tropo thn Eyrwph kai ton ypoloipo kosmo", dhlwse o Tzoykanobits, amesws meta th synanthsh poy eixe me to Bretano yfypoyrgo Ejwterikwn Toni Loint.

    "To Mayroboynio qa ypobalei ena epeigon aithma, safes kai entono, to opoio o k. Milosebits kai h omospondiakh kybernhsh toy qa prepei na epejergastoyn ws epeigoysa strathgikh gia thn epanentajh ths Gioygkoslabias sth dieqnh koinothta", prosqese o Tzoykanobits kai katelhje legontas pws "opoiadhpote allh antidrash qa prepei na qewrhqei ws antiqeth me ta symferonta toy kratoys kai toy laoy" (APE, Gall. Prakt., 2.2.98).

    [08] Enteinontai oi pieseis pros ton Milosebits gia to Kossyfopedio

    Klimakwnontai oi pieseis ths dieqnoys koinothtas pros ton Proedro ths Gioygkoslabias Slompontan Milosebits gia thn enarjh dialogoy me toys Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy, oytws wste me thn paraxwrhsh enos kaqestwtos aytonomias na ektonwqei h entash sthn perioxh.

    O yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths Bretanias Toni Loint, h xwra toy opoioy askei ayto to ejamhno thn Proedria ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, episkefqhke stis 2.2.98 to Beligradi, opoy eixe synomilies me to Gioygkoslabo ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn k. Giobanobits. "Anamenoyme na doyme megalyterh proodo sthn enarjh mias politikhs diadikasias sto Kossyfopedio", dhlwse o Bretanos yfypoyrgos, o opoios ypogrammise oti "h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh exei katasthsei safes pws den symfwnei me thn anejarthsia toy Kossyfopedioy, alla yposthrizei ena eidiko kaqestws gia th serbikh ayth eparxia entos ths Gioygkoslabias" (APE, Roiter, 2.2.98). Ektos omws ap' th Bretania, pieseis pros to Beligradi, askoyn kai oi ypoyrgoi Ejwterikwn ths Germanis kai ths Gallias.

    Opws anakoinwse o Klaoys Kinkel, ton epomeno mhna qa episkefqei, mazi me to Gallo omologo toy Imper Bentrin, to Saragebo, to Zagkremp kai to Beligradi me stoxo na prowqhsoyn thn prwtoboylia toys gia to Kossyfopedio.

    Opws einai gnwsto, oi dyo ypoyrgoi eixan apeyqynei ton perasmeno Noembrio epistolh pros ton Milosebits, me thn opoia zhtoysan ena eidiko kaqestws gia to Kossyfopedio.

    O Kinkel se synenteyjh Typoy sth Bonh, stis 2 Flebarh, epanelabe oti, o Milosebits qa prepei na xorhghsei stoys Albanoys ths serbikhs ayths eparxias ena "kaqestws aytonomias" (Gall. Prakt. 2.2. 98).

    Sto metajy, o Albanos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Paskal Milo, se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida Gkazeta Skiptare (4.2.98), dhlwse oti h tetamenh katastash sto Kossyfopedio mporei na epilyqei an ayjhqei h dieqnhs piesh kai synafqei mia symfwnia paromoia me tis symfwnies toy Nteiton, me tis opoies termatisthke o polemos sth Bosnia.

    Anejarthsia zhta o Roygkoba

    Opws metedwse to Galliko Praktoreio Eidhsewn (6.2.98), o hgeths twn Albanwn toy Kossyfopedioy Imprahm Roygkoba ekane ekklhsh sth dieqnh koinothta na apotrecei mia enoplh sygkroysh poy yparxei kindynos na jespasei sta Balkania.

    "Ean jespasei sygkroysh sto Kossyfopedio qa symperilabei, xwris kamia amfibolia kai ena megalo tmhma ths Balkanikhs Xersonhsoy" tonise pros toys dhmosiografoys o Roygkoba, apeyqynontas parallhla ekklhsh gia "dieqnh anagnwrish ths anejarthsias toy Kossyfopedioy, gia eirhnh sthn perioxh ayth kai tis geitonikes perioxes (APE, 6.2. 98).

    [09] Diaswzetai o kybernhtikos synaspismos

    O kybernhtikos synaspismos ths Roymanias, o opoios klydwnisthke tis prohgoymenes meres, ws gnwston, apo eswterikes tribes, fainetai na diaswqhke, opws metadidoyn ta eidhseografika praktoreia Aqhnaiko kai Roiter (6.2.98), ystera apo symfwnia poy ypegracan ta tessera kommata poy to apoteloyn.

    Meta apo sklhres diapragmateyseis pente hmerwn to Sosialdhmokratiko komma symfwnhse na synexisei thn yposthrijh ths kybernhshs, para to gegonos oti thn perasmenh ebdomada apesyre ta pente melh toy apo to ypoyrgiko symboylio, diamartyromeno gia thn argh poreia twn oikonomikwn metarryqmisewn.

    O Prwqypoyrgos ths xwras Biktor Tsiormpea dhlwse oti h symfwnia qa epitrecei sthn kybernhsh na leitoyrghsei kai na proxwrhsei stis kaqysterhmenes metarryqmiseis.

    Pantws h symfwnia den fainetai na apotelei apolyth eggyhsh gia thn epibiwsh ths roymanikhs kybernhshs kaqws oi Sosialdhmokrates dhlwsan meta thn ypografh ths oti qa synexisoyn thn piesh gia thn antikatastash toy k. Tsiormpea. Xarakthristika, o Sosialdhmokraths antiproedros ths xwras Alejantroy Sasoy dhlwse oti h makra krish qa teleiwsei otan qa yparjei "mia entelws kainoyria kybernhsh".

    Eixe prohghqei, dyo meres nwritera (4.2.98), dhmosieyma ths efhmeridas EVENIMENTUL ZILEI, poy htan endeiktiko ths ektonwshs ths krishs, h opoia hdh diafainotan.

    Sygkekrimena, sto dhmosieyma metajy allwn anaferontan kai ta ejhs:

    "Meta toy PNTCD kai toy PD den yparxoyn diafwnies, alla mikres apoxrwseis, dhlwse o Prwqypoyrgos, xqes, meta th synanthsh twn hgetwn toy kybernhtikoy synaspismoy, poy htan afierwmenh sthn katarreysh toy prwtokolloy leitoyrgias toy synaspismoy. Oi Xristianodhmokrates kai oi Dhmokrates synennohqhkan. To PNTCD kanei ena bhma pros ta pisw paraitoymeno apo thn apaithsh, symfwna me thn opoia to PD den mporei na prowqhsei h na yperchfisei protash momfhs kata ths kybernhshs. To Eqniko Fileleyqero Komma (PNL) apofasise na proteinei ton VIOREL CATARAMA sth qesh toy ypoyrgoy Metaforwn kai ton RADU STROE sto ajiwma toy Genikoy Grammatea ths kybernhshs. O VIOREL CATARAMA (S.M.: Proedros ths Oikonomikhs Epitrophs ths Geroysias kai Antiproedros toy PNL) dhlwse, oti qa labei thn telikh apofash katopin synanthshs toy me ton Prwqypoyrgo Tsiormpea, ston opoio qa qesei ws oro thn epejergasia orismenwn kybernhtikwn diatagmatwn, poy aforoyn th meiwsh ths forologias, thn yposthrijh twn mikromesaiwn epixeirhsewn, thn enqarrynsh twn ejagwgwn, thn enqarrynsh twn ependysewn, thn yposthrijh toyh roymanikoy kefalaioy. Ean oi oroi ginoyn apodektoi apo ton Prwqypoyrgo, o Catarama qa apodexqei to ajiwma toy Ypoyrgoy".

    [G] MESH ANATOLH

    [10] Sta proqyra polemoy ston Kolpo brisketai h anqrwpothta

    Me kommenh thn anasa h dieqnhs koinh gnwmh parakoloyqei ta tektainomena sthn perioxh toy Kolpoy, kaqws kyriolektika ena bhma xwrizei thn eirhnh apo ton polemo. Oi Amerikanoi, synepikoyroymenoi kyriws apo toys Bretanoys kai para tis entones antidraseis dyo allwn "isxyrwn" ths epoxhs mas, ths Rwsias kai ths Kinas, oi opoies einai kai monima melh toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, kaqws kai allwn mikroterwn kratwn, opws twn perissoterwn sthn perioxh toy Kolpoy, alla kai ths Gallias, ejakoloyqoyn na sygkentrwnoyn strateymata ston Kolpo dhmioyrgwntas mia isxyrh dynamh pyros, etoimh na xrhsimopoihqei kata toy Irak.

    H egglezikh malista efhmerida "INTIPENTENT", se arqro ths (5.2.98), prosdiorizei kai thn hmeromhnia, th 17h Febroyarioy, kata thn opoia qa ejapolyqoyn aeroporikes epidromes enantion irakinwn stoxwn, ean bebaia -opws anaferetai sto arqro- oi diplwmatikes prospaqeies apotyxoyn.

    H bretanikh efhmerida epikaleitai phges sthn Oyasigkton -tis opoies den katonomazei- gia na sthrijei ton parapanw isxyrismo ths.

    Mia mera nwritera apo to dhmosieyma, stis 4 Febroyarioy, o Leykos Oikos xarakthrise ws aneparkh thn prosfora toy Irak na epitrecei stoys epiqewrhtes toy OHE na epiqewrhsoyn oktw Proedrika megara. Espeyse omws na prosqesei oti h prosfora ayth deixnei oti h Bagdath "arxise na katanoei to mhnyma ths apofasistikothtas twn HPA kai isws na metabalei th qesh ths".

    Par' ola ayta, h stash ths Oyasigkton enanti toy Santam Xoysein kai toy kaqestwtos den metablhqhke oyte kat' elaxiston. Ejakoloyqei na emmenei sth stratiwtikh lysh, kati gia to opoio exei kai thn plhrh sthrijh ths Bretanias kai toy Prwqypoyrgoy ths.

    Kata thn prosfath episkech toy k. Toni Mpler sthn amerikanikh prwteyoysa kai ystera apo tis synomilies poy eixe me ton Amerikano Proedro Mpil Klinton, oi dyo andres emfanisthkan apolyta symfwnoi ws pros ton tropo antimetwpishs ths krishs toy Irak.

    Oi dyo hgetes afhsan kapoio periqwrio gia ejeyresh diplwmatikhs lyshs sthn krish, an o Santam Xoysein epitrecei thn eleyqerh prosbash twn epiqewrhtwn toy OHE sto oplostasio toy. Katesthsan omws safes oti ta xronika periqwria steneyoyn.

    Pantws kai oi dyo tonisan oti se periptwsh poy o Irakinos hgeths den symmorfwqei me thn omofwnh qelhsh ths dieqnoys koinothtas, tote "prepei na proetoimastoyme gia na analaboyme drash kai qa to kanoyme" (APE-Gall. Prakt.-Roiter, 6.2.98).

    Sto metajy, oi dieqneis empeirognwmones twn oplikwn systhmatwn poy eixan metabei sth Bagdath gia synomilies mias ebdomadas me thn irakinh hgesia anaxwrhsan apo thn prwteyoysa toy Irak xwris na kanoyn kamia dhlwsh. Antiqeta, opws metedwse to irakino praktoreio eidhsewn INA (7.2.98), oi Irakinoi ajiwmatoyxoi isxyristhkan oti eginan shmantika bhmata prokeimenoy na peisqoyn ta Hnwmena Eqnh oti to Irak exei ejaleicei ta opla mazikhs katastrofhs.

    Stoys empeirognwmones, symfwna me toys idioys ajiwmatoyxoys, doqhkan yliko kai episthmonika stoixeia poy apodeiknyoyn oti to Irak den exei pleon sthn katoxh toy opla mazikhs katastrofhs, opws problepei h symfwnia ekexeirias toy 1991.

    Thn idia wra, synexizoyn na katafqanoyn sthn perioxh kai nees amerikanikes dynameis, oi opoies prostiqentai stis hdh yparxoyses, ayjanontas synexws thn isxy pyros poy qa xrhsimopoihqei kata toy Irak kai h opoia einai hdh poly megalh.

    Sygkekrimena, opws metadidoyn ta eidhseografika praktoreia Aqhnaiko, Roiter kai Galliko (8.2.98), o Amerikanos ypoyrgos Amynas Oyiliam Koen dietaje th metafora se symmaxikes xwres toy Kolpoy, opws to Koybeit gia paradeigma, 19 bombardistikwn kai 30 aeroskafwn synodeias. Me ta aeroskafh ayta ayjanetai sta 375 o ariqmos twn aeroplanwn ta opoia diaqetoyn sthn perioxh oi HPA.

    Endeiktikh toy klimatos poy epikratei ston Kolpo kai to opoio eikazetai oti dyskola qa anatrapei, einai kai h ektimhsh toy Rwsoy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn Giebgkeni Primakof, o opoios milwntas sth rwsikh thleorash (6.2.98) dhlwse oti "einai poly dyskolo na prowqhqei h diplwmatikh lysh gia na jeperastei h diafwnia toy Irak me ton OHE".

    Oi HPA apo thn pleyra toys, parallhla me tis pyretwdeis stratiwtikes proetoimasies toys, epixeiroyn na epityxoyn kai th synergasia stis energeies toys oso to dynaton perissoterwn xwrwn kai, kyriws, twn xwrwn twn geitonikwn sto Irak.

    Sto plaisio ayto, h Amerikanida ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Mantlin Olmprait, h opoia ekane periodeia sthn perioxh, ejefrase thn pepoiqhsh oti oi HPA qa exoyn olh th synergasia poy xreiazontai apo tis xwres toy Kolpoy se periptwsh stratiwtikoy plhgmatos enantion toy Irak (APE-Roiter, 3.2.98).

    H pepoiqhsh ayth th k. Olmprait diastayrwnetai kai apo alles kateyqynseis. O ypoyrgos Amynas twn HPA Oyiliam Koen dhlwse men oti h xwra toy mporei na leitoyrghsei kai xwris tis aeroporikes baseis sth Saoydikh Arabia, se piqano stratiwtiko plhgma enantion irakinwn stoxwn, espeyse wstoso na epishmanei oti oi kybernhseis twn geitonikwn kratwn, toy Koybeit kai toy Mpaxrein, protiqentai na epitrecoyn stis HPA na xrhsimopoihsoyn to edafos toys (APE-Roiter, 8.2.98).

    Alla kai h Saoydikh Arabia, para tis epifylajeis toy k. Koen, fainetai na taytizetai me tis HPA, afoy, opws metedwse to BBC, (8.2.98), aphyqyne proeidopoihsh ston Proedro toy Irak Santam Xoysein, oti an h krish me ta Hnwmenh Eqnh den epilyqei me diplwmatika mesa, tote qa einai o idios ypeyqynos gia tis opoies epiptwseis.

    To Koybeit malista, deixnei na proetoimazetai gia mia endexomenh sygkroysh me to Irak, kaqws, symfwna me to Praktoreio Eidhsewn ths xwras (8.2.98), h kybernhsh toy anakoinwse oti qa anakalesei apo thn efedreia 24.000 andres gia thn yperaspish ths xwras apo opoiadhpote irakinh epiqesh.

    Ejalloy, apo th meria ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, ektos ths Bretanias, h opoia exei taxqei apo thn arxh ths krishs sto pleyro twn HPA kai yposthrizei anepifylakta th dynamikh lysh, kai h Germania prosferei thn yposthrijh ths sth sklhrh grammh toy Klinton.

    O idios o kagkelarios Xelmoyt Kol dhlwse oti se periptwsh poy h Oyasigkton analabei stratiwtikh drash, oles oi aeroporikes baseis sth Germania qa einai diaqesimes stis amerikanikes dynameis (APE- Roiter-Gall. Prakt. 8.2.98).

    H dhlwsh ayth toy k. Kol prokalese ta eymenh sxolia toy Amerikanoy ypoyrgoy Amynas Oyiliam Koen, o opoios ejefrase thn apolyth ikanopoihsh toy gia th qesh poy phre h Germania, enw den pareleice na diakhryjei kai thn pepoiqhsh toy oti kai alla melh toy NATO qa yposthrijoyn tis HPA.

    Alla kai o Proedros ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs Zak Santer, dhlwse oti to Irak prepei na symmorfwqei me tis apofaseis toy OHE, gia tis epiqewrhseis twn oplikwn toy systhmatwn, alliws qa antimetwpisei tis synepeies (APE-Roiter,8.2.98).

    Telos, eynoika fainetai na diakeitai kai h Aystralia sto aithma twn HPA na symmetasxei se mia piqanh stratiwtikh epembash kata toy Irak. Opws dhlwse stoys dhmosiografoys o Aystralos Prwqypoyrgos Tzon Xaoyarnt, h xwra toy qa ejetasei me poly megalh prosoxh to aithma twn HPA, "toy pleon shmantikoy mas symmaxoy" (APE-Gall. Prakt., 8.2.98).

    H Toyrkia

    Strofh 180 moirwn ekane h Toyrkia sto qema toy Irak. Apo thn arxikh ths qesh, oti den qa exei kamia anameijh se opoiadhpote stratiwtikh energeia enantion toy Irak kai den qa epitrecei stoys Amerikanoys na xrhsimopoihsoyn th bash toy Intsirlik, eftase sto shmeio toy endotismoy stis amerikanikes pieseis.

    An kai epishmws ginetai prospaqeia na thrhqoyn kapoia prosxhmata, en toytois, oles oi mexri twra kinhseis twn teleytaiwn hmerwn peiqoyn oti h Toyrkia qa synerghsei sto "aithma" twn HPA gia energo yposthrijh se periptwsh stratiwtikoy plhgmatos kata toy Irak.

    Eidikotera, o Toyrkos Prwqypoyrgos Mesoyt Gilmaz dhlwse - symfwna me dhmosieymata toyrkikwn efhmeridwn (5.2.98)- oti to toyrkiko koinoboylio einai ayto poy qa apofasisei an qa epitrapei h oxi h xrhsh ths bashs toy Intsirlik. Antiqetws, h xrhsimopoihsh toy toyrkikoy enaerioy xwroy apo ta amerikanika kataskopeytika aeroplana U-2, qa ejarthqei -eipe o k. Gilmaz- apo aplh apofash twn toyrkikwn enoplwn dynamewn.

    Treis hmeres meta tis dhlwseis aytes, h Toyrkia ekane prajh ta gnwstopoihqenta stis 7 Febroyarioy sxedia ths na steilei strateymata sto Boreio Irak gia na dhmioyrghsei mia synoriakh oydeterh zwnh, se periptwsh sygkroyshs anamesa sthn Oyasigkton kai th Bagdath. H eisbolh twn toyrkikwn enoplwn dynamewn sto Boreio Irak arxise to prwi ths 8hs Febroyarioy, me stoxo th dhmioyrgia "zwnhs asfaleias" 15 xiliometrwn.

    Opws metedwse to Aqhnaiko Praktoreio Eidhsewn (8.2.98), h eisbolh qa synexisqei stadiaka, symfwna de me to toyrkiko sxedio h "zwnh" exei skopo arxika na parempodisei to kyma prosfygwn kai thn eisodo antartwn toy ektos nomoy Ergatikoy Kommatos Koyrdistan (RKK) sto edafos ths Toyrkias, apo to Boreio Irak.

    Parallhla, h toyrkikh kybernhsh edwse entolh na anaxwrhsoyn apo th Bagdath ta melh twn oikogeneiwn twn diplwmatwn ths, symfwna me anakoinwsh ajiwmatoyxoy toy toyrkikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn.

    Antidraseis

    Thn entonh antidrash pollwn kratwn synanta h proqesh twn HPA kai oswn syntassontai me aythn, na kataferqei stratiwtiko plhgma kata toy Irak.

    Anamesa toys proejarxei h Rwsia, h opoia einai apo thn arxh antiqeth se opoiadhpote stratiwtikh drash kai kataballei prospaqeies gia thn ektonwsh ths krishs.

    Xarakthristikh htan h qesh poy phre o Rwsos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Giebgkeni Primakof kata thn omilia toy enwpion ths rwsikhs Boylhs, sth diarkeia synedriashs ths teleytaias, kekleismenwn twn qyrwn, gia to irakino problhma. Yposthrije oti "to kaqestws twn kyrwsewn kata toy Irak exei jeperasqei kai kanei zhmia ston irakino lao kai oxi sto Santam Xoysein.

    Se opoiadhpote de periptwsh -synexise o k. Primakof- den einai apostolh ths dieqnoys koinothtas h anatroph kybernhsewn kyriarxwn kratwn, oyte h "timwria" toy Santam.

    Symfwna me tis idies plhrofories -opws tis metedwse to APE stis 6.2. 98- o k. Primakof desmeythke oti h Rwsia qa egeirei beto se opoiodhpote sxedio apofashs poy qa problepei stratiwtikh drash kata toy Irak.

    Kata ths stratiwtikhs epembashs tassontai kai h Kina kai h Gallia. O Kinezos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Tsian Tsisen, se thlefwnikh epikoinwnia toy me thn Amerikanida omologo toy Mantlin Olmprait, ths ejefrase -opws metedwse to eidhseografiko praktoreio Nea Kina ( 5.2.98)- thn antiqesh ths xwras toy sth xrhsh stratiwtikhs bias kata toy Irak.

    H Gallia epishs, me dhlwsh toy ypoyrgoy ths twn Ejwterikwn Imper Bentrin, poy metadoqhke apo to radiostaqmo EUROPE 1, proeidopoihse oti den protiqetai na metasxei se mia piqanh stratiwtikh epixeirhsh kata toy Irak.

    Alla kai o ekproswpos toy gallikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn Ib Ntoytrio, dhlwse stoys dhmosiografoys oti h xwra toy pisteyei pws qa prepei na breqoyn eidikes formoyles gia thn epiqewrhsh twn irakinwn proedrikwn megarwn, oi opoies na lambanoyn ypoch thn ajioprepeia toy irakinoy kratoys.

    H Rwsia den arkesthke omws mono stis proanaferqeises dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy ths twn Ejwterikwn. O idios o Rwsos Proedros Mporis Gieltsin erije to eidiko toy baros sthn ypoqesh, otan milwntas sth rwsikh thleorash (4.2.98), katadikase tis epiqetikes proqeseis twn HPA kata toy Irak kai anefere oti 3 apo ta 5 monima melh toy Symboylioy Asfaleias toy OHE epiqymoyn thn epilysh ths krishs me eirhniko tropo.

    O k. Gieltsin yposthrije akomh oti to Irak exei sthn katoxh toy polla eidh ejairetika epikindynwn oplwn kai, epomenws, mia stratiwtikh epiqesh enantion toy ek meroys twn HPA, endexetai na odhghsei se Trito Pagkosmio Polemo.

    Parallhla me tis dhlwseis ths anwtaths hgesias ths Rwsias, h xwra ayth exei epidoqei kai se ena maraqwnio diplwmatikwn prospaqeiwn kai parembasewn, prokeimenoy na ektonwqei h krish poy sobei sthn perioxh ton teleytaio kairo kai h opoia mporei na odhghsei se aprobleptes katastaseis.

    Sto plaisio ayto, o eidikos apestalmenos ths Rwsias sto Irak Biktor Posoybalioyk eixe synomilies me thn irakinh hgesia kai symfwna me to rwsiko praktoreio eidhsewn INTERFAJ (7.2.98), shmeiwqhke "kapoia proodos" s' aytes. To qema omws einai periploko kai apaitei akoma poly sobares prospaqeies, oxi mono sth Bagdath, alla kai sthn Oyasigkton, to Londino kai sth Nea Yorkh, prosqetei to INTERFAJ, epikaloymeno phgh toy rwsikoy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn.

    Antiqetes se kaqe stratiwtikh energeia kata toy Irak einai kai oi xwres India, Iran, Iordania, Aigyptos, Iapwnia, h Syria alla kai to Kinhma twn Adesmeytwn, kaqws kai h organwsh Islamikh Diaskech.

    Eidikotera, o Prwqypoyrgos ths Indias Inter Koymar Gkoyzal apesteile epistolh sto Geniko Grammatea twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn, sthn opoia yposthrizei oti h xrhsh stratiwtikhs bias enantion toy Irak qa periplejei mono thn katastash (APE-Roiter, 5.2.98).

    Apo thn pleyra toy Iran, o ypoyrgos Amynas ths xwras Ali Samxani xarakthrise -kata th diarkeia Synenteyjhs Typoy sthn Texeranh (8.2. 98)- amesh kai katastrofikh mia stratiwtikh epembash twn Amerikanwn enantion toy Irak, enw o Iranos Proedros Moxamant Xatami kai o genikos grammateas toy Organismoy Islamikhs Diaskechs Azentin Laraki, zhthsan na enisxyqoyn oi prospaqeies gia na apofeyxqei h antiparaqesh anamesa stis HPA kai to Irak.

    Epishs, o Iordanos Prwqypoyrgos Ampntel Salam Magiali proeidopoihse oti endexomenh stratiwtikh epixeirhsh kata toy Irak qa htan katastrofh gia olh th Mesh Anatolh (Iordaniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn Petra, 7.2.98).

    Alla kai o Iapwnas Prwqypoyrgos Rioytaro Xasimoto, me epistolh toy pros ton Mpil Klinton zhthse apo ayton na anazhthsei mia diplwmatikh lysh sth diamaxh me to Irak.

    Ekklhsh sta Hnwmena Eqnh na apofygoyn th xrhsh bias kata toy Irak aphyqyne kai h Organwsh Islamikh Diaskech, proeidopoiwntas oti mia epiqesh kata ths Bagdaths qa prokaloyse terastia anhsyxia ston islamiko kosmo, enw o Arabikos Syndesmos ekponhse sxedio gia thn eirhnikh epilysh ths irakinhs krishs kai protiqetai na to paroysiasei sto Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE.

    Telos, to Kinhma twn Adesmeytwn ejefrase thn ektimhsh pws qa prepei na exoyn ejantlhqei oles oi politikes prospaqeies sth dienejh metajy twn HPA kai toy Irak, protoy lhfqei h paramikrh apofash gia xrhsh bias, opws dhlwse o proedreywn toy Kinhmatos, Kolombianos Proedros Ernesto Samper (APE-Gall. Prakt. 4.2.98).

    [11] Israhl: Nai, se palaistiniako kratos alla.... ypo oroys

    Den qa eixe antirrhsh to Israhl sth dhmioyrgia enos palaistiniakoy kratoys, efoson kriqei oti den synista apeilh gia thn asfaleia twn geitonikwn kratwn.

    Ayto afhnei na ennohqei o Israhlinos Prwqypoyrgos Mp. Netaniaxoy se epistolh toy pros ton Iordano basilia Xoysein, opws anaferei se dhmosieyma ths h israhlinh efhmerida Ma' ariv (8.2.98).

    O k. Netaniaxoy symfwna me to idio dhmosieyma, aphyqyne thn epistolh pros ton Iordano monarxh zhtwntas toy na yposthrijei thn eirhneytikh diadikasia. Sthn epistolh, o Israhlinos Prwqypoyrgos metajy allwn anaferei oti mia palaistiniakh politikh ontothta "qa exei gewgrafikh, oikonomikh, dhmografikh kai politikh biwsimothta ypo ton oro oti den qa apotelei apeilh gia toys geitones ths".

    As shmeiwqei oti o k. Netaniaxoy mexri twra arniotan na dexqei thn prooptikh dhmioyrgias palaistiniakoy kratoys.

    H ejelijh ayth erxetai se mia stigmh, kata thn opoia h ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn twn HPA Mantlin Olmprait epiplhttei toys hgetes toy Israhl kai ths Palaistinhs gia kaqysterhsh sth lhch ekeinwn twn apofasewn poy qa odhghsoyn sthn anaqermansh twn eirhneytikwn synomiliwn (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 2.2.98), kaqws kai enw anaptyssetai prwtoboylia toy Giaser Arafat na drasthriopoihsei akomh perissotero thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh sthn ypoqesh ths eirhneytikhs diadikasias sth Mesh Anatolh.

    Sto plaisio ayto o Palaistinios hgeths episkefqhke thn Ispania kai thn Ollandia, opoy eixe synomilies me ton basilia Xoyan Karlos, ton Prwqypoyrgo Xose Maria Aqnar kai ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn 'Ampel Matoytes sthn Ispania, kaqws kai me ton Prwqypoyrgo Bim Kok kai ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn Xans ban Mirlo sthn Ollandia.

    O Giaser Arafat zhthse apo th Madrith mia pio isxyrh anameijh ths E. E. sthn eirhneytikh diadikasia gia th Mesh Anatolh, epesthse de thn prosoxh twn Eyrwpaiwn sthn klimakwsh ths entashs anamesa stoys Palaistinioys kai to Israhl, h opoia ofeiletai - opws eipe- sto telma sto opoio exei peripesei h eirhneytikh diadikasia.

    Tis anhsyxies toy Palaistinioy hgeth symmerizetai kai o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths Ispanias Ampel Matoytes, o opoios dhlwse sthn ispanikh thleorash (5.2.98), metajy allwn kai ta ejhs: "H eirhneytikh diadikasia sth Mesh Anatolh brisketai sto xeilos toy gkremoy kai einai etoimh na katarreysei".

    O Matoytes ejefrase th lyph toy gia thn elleich boylhshs poy, opws dhlwse, parathreitai sthn E.E., sxetika me th qespish mias koinhs ejwterikhs politikhs. Ayth h elleich boylhshs empodizei thn E.E. na einai pio apotelesmatikh, prosqese o Ispanos ypoyrgos, tonizontas oti "h E.E. emfanizetai san oikonomikos gigantas alla sth dieqnh skhnh einai enas politikos nanos".


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