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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-03-03

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] K.Karamanlhs: "Mh lysh shmainei mh prosklhsh"
  • [02] G.Papandreoy: "Dynamh anatrophs to PASOK"
  • [03] "Palh kai syspeirwsh"
  • [04] "Na spasei o dikommatismos"
  • [05] Metanasteytikh politikh
  • [06] Sarwtikh nikh

    [01] K.Karamanlhs: "Mh lysh shmainei mh prosklhsh"

    O prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Karamanlhs synanthqhke shmera me ton omologo toy ths Slobakias Romper Fiko, o opoios nwritera egine dektos apo ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias Karolo Papoylia.

    Oi k.k. Karamanlhs kai Fiko tonisan pws epanabebaiwqhke to kalo klima metajy twn dyo xwrwn, o de ellhnas prwqypoyrgos anaferqhke stis sxeseis ths xwras mas me th Slobakia sthn EE kai to NATO kai shmeiwse oti syzhthqhkan oi prooptikes peraiterw anaptyjhs twn dimerwn oikonomikwn sxesewn.

    Yparxoyn periqwria gia peraiterw prowqhsh twn oikonomikwn sxesewn kai peraiterw synergasia se qemata politismoy,toyrismoy, ereynas kai texnologias kai energeias, eipe.

    O K.Karamanlhs anefere epishs oti h xwra mas apodidei megalh shmasia sthn kyrwsh ths Synqhkhs ths Lisabonas kai tonise oti me to slobako prwqypoyrgo syzhthqhkan oi ejelijeis sta Balkania kai doqhke emfash sthn anagkh staqerothtas kai eyrwpaikhs prooptikhs sthn eyryterh perioxh.

    O Slobakos prwqypoyrgos zhthse pio stenh oikonomikh synergasia me thn Ellada, ayjhsh toy ariqmoy twn Ellhnwn ependytwn sth xwra toy kai kalese ton k. K. Karamanlh na episkefqei epishmws th Slobakia me klimakio Ellhnwn epixeirhmatiwn.

    Eipe akomh oti oi syzhthseis aforoysan dyo tomeis: thn kratikh bohqeia apo pleyras Slobakias se ependyseis ston toyristiko tomea kai sth synergasia ston tomea amyntikhs biomhxanias.

    Sto ameso mellon, eipe,qa ypografei ypomnhma metajy twn dyo xwrwn gia synergasia ston tomea ths amyntikhs biomhxanias.

    Anaferomenos sto Kosobo o k. R. Fiko eipe oti oi qeseis ths xwras toy einai konta stis ellhnikes qeseis, enw eipe akomh oti h dhmioyrgia toy Kosoboy einai periptwsh parabiashs toy dieqnoys dikaioy kai pws qa dyskoleytei poly h xwra toy gia na anagnwrisei to Kosobo.

    Telos, desmeythke oti qa kyrwsei h xwra toy th Synqhkh ths Lisabonas.

    Mhnyma sthn PGDM

    Sfes mhnyma pros ta Skopia apesteile ek neoy o prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Karamanlhs.

    Apantwntas se sxetikes erwthseis meta to peras ths synanthshs toy me ton Slobako omologo toy Romper Fiko, o prwqypoyrgos epanelabe pws mh lysh sto problhma ths onomasias shmainei mh prosklhsh sto NATO.

    Anazhtoyme, eipe, amoibaia apodekth lysh, opws epitassei to Symboylio Asfaleias, alla kai o eyrwpaikos tropos epilyshs diaforwn.

    Emeis kaname bhmata mprosta kai anamenoyme apo thn PGDM na kanei kai ayth bhmata mprosta, tonise kai prosqese oti exoyme ameso endiaferon gia ta Balkania, yposthrizoyme thn eyrwatlantikh poreia twn xwrwn, alla h staqerothta ejartatai apo tis sxeseis kalhs geitonias ki ayto tiqetai kai ws krithrio ajiologhshs kai apo to NATO.

    H Ellada, eipe o prwqypoyrgos, den mporei na qewrhsei oti plhroyntai ta krithria ayta, efoson h PGDM epimenei sth stash ths. H qesh mas einai safhs: mh lysh shmainei mh prosklhsh sto NATO, jekaqarise o k. Karamanlhs.

    Anaferomenos stis ejelijeis sto Kosobo o prwqypoyrgos tonise oti prepei na diasfalistei h paroysia ths KFOR kai prwtisto zhtoymeno einai h eirhnh kai h staqerothta.

    Mas endiaferei, epanelabe, h eyrwpaikh prooptikh twn xwrwn ths perioxhs kai eidika ths Serbias, prooptikh gia thn opoia ergazomaste, enw anaferomenos sto endexomeno anagnwrish toy Kosoboy apo th xwra mas, eipe oti h Ellada den aisqanetai bia kai piesh kai pws qa parei tis apofaseis ths me gnwmona ta eqnika symferonta.

    O Slobakos prwqypoyrgos eipe oti den gnwrizei allh perioxh poy mia eqnikothta na exei dyo krath. Prokeitai, eipe, gia parabash toy Dieqnoys Dikaioy poy mporei na odhghsei se anisorropia kai alles xwres oi opoies exoyn meionothtes.

    Episkech toy g.g. toy NATO

    O prwqypoyrgos k.Kwstas Karamanlhs synanthqhke sto Megaro Majimoy me to geniko grammatea toy NATO Giap nte Xop Sefer, enocei ths Synodoy Koryfhs ths Boreioatlantikhs Symmaxias poy qa pragmatopoihqei stis arxes Aprilioy. Meta th synanthsh den eginan dhlwseis.

    To meshmeri, o k. Sefer egine dektos apo ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias k. Karolo Papoylia, enw synanthqhke kai me thn ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ka Ntora Mpakogiannh.

    "Aparabath proypoqesh gia thn dieyrynsh kaqe Symmaxias, gia th dhmioyrgia kai oikodomhsh kaqe symmaxikoy desmoy allhleggyhs, einai h aparegklith thrhsh twn arxwn, ajiwn kai kanonwn poy diepoyn thn omalh leitoyrgia kaqe Symmaxias", epeshmane h ka Mpakogiannh,amesws meta thn synanthsh ths me ton g.g. toy NATO kai tonise oti "qemeliwdhs arxh kaqe Symmaxias einai oti otan krath - melh deixnoyn emprakta thn allhleggyh toys, na einai eylogo na thn anamenoyn stis sxeseis toys me trites xwres apo etairoys kai symmaxoys".

    H ka Mpakogiannh prosqese oti gia thn dieyrynsh einai aparabath proypoqesh "na mhn yparxoyn metajy enos kratoys meloys kai enos ypochfioy kratoys anoixta zhthmata, zhthmata poy ephreazoyn arnhtika tis metajy toys sxeseis" kai epanelabe thn pepoiqhsh ths Elladas oti ta problhmata "den prepei na diaiwnizontai, antiqeta, prepei na lynontai me tropo amoibaia apodekto, oristiko, praktiko kai amesa efarmosimo. H apoysia tetoiwn lysewn se kairia zhthmata sxesewn kalhs geitonias, den epitrepei thn dhmioyrgia sxesewn symmaxias".

    H ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn anedeije akomh to gegonos oti h Ellada apotelei epi 55 xronia isxyro symmaxo toy NATO, ton palaiotero se ayth thn eypaqh perioxh ths Eyrwphs kai ejefrase epishs tis anhsyxies ths Elladas gia to endexomeno apostaqeropoihshs ths perioxhs, an parameinoyn alyta tetoia problhmata eqnikistikhs kai alytrwtikhs logikhs. Epishmane de oti "h stigmh gia lysh koina apodekth einai twra".

    Anaferomenh sta dyo alla qemata ths atzentas ths Synodoy Koryfhs toy NATO, h opoia qa pragmatopoihqei ton Aprilio sto Boykoyresti, thn ejelijh twn dyo apostolwn sto Kosobo kai to Afganistan, epishmane thn syneisfora ths Elladas, me synolika 2000 atoma kata to 2007. "Einai mia emprakth apodeijh ths epi 55 xronia symmetoxhs allhleggyhs ths Elladas sthn genikoterh prospaqeia ths Symmaxias. Se ayth, idiaiterh qesh katexei h symbolh mas sthn katanomh twn symmaxikwn barwn, me amyntikes dapanes poy anerxontai sto 3% toy AEP mas. Pisteyw oti h qemeliwdhs arxh kaqe Symmaxias einai oti otan krath - melh dinoyn emprakta thn allhleggyh toys, na einai eylogo na thn anamenoyn stis sxeseis toys me trites xwres apo etairoys kai symmaxoys", tonise h ypoyrgos.

    Apo thn pleyra toy o Genikos Grammateas ths Symmaxias ekane logo gia anoixtes portes toy NATO, alla gia diadikasia entajhs h opoia einai basismenh sthn epidosh kaqe ypochfias xwras kai ginetai mono me thn synainesh olwn twn kratwn - melwn. "H prosklhsh ginetai me ayto to krithrio, thn epidosh kai apeyqynetai mono efoson ta 26 melh ths Symmaxias symfwnoyn", dhlwse. Anaferomenos sto zhthma ths onomasias ths PGDM, o k. Sefer tonise oti to NATO den empleketai amesa sthn diadikasia, h opoia syntonizetai apo ton OHE kai ton Maqioy Nimits, alla exei kaqe endiaferon gia thn ejelijh kai elpizei na katalhjoyme se synainesh enocei ths Synodoy toy Aprilioy. "Qa prepei ayth h synainesh na einai efikth, wstoso", prosqese kai epanelabe oti "h "epidosh" apotelei lejh - kleidi kai gia to qema ths onomasias ths PGDM. Yparxei diafora anamesa sto na einai kaneis melos kai sto na mhn einai. Elpizw na ejeyreqei mia lysh, qa apotelesei megalo pleonekthma".

    Apantwntas se erwthsh sxetika me to ean to zhthma ths onomasias synista parabiash twn sxesewn kalhs geitonias apo thn pleyra twn Skopiwn, shmeiwse oti, opws kai gia thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kai ton OHE, etsi kai gia to NATO einai aytonohto oti oi sxeseis kalhs geitonias apoteloyn qema arxhs. Tonise akomh oti prepei na ginei katanohto oti "ola ta epidoja melh den einai melh" kai oti yparxei diafora anamesa se ena isxyro kratos - melos kai se ena mh - melos.

    Erwthqeis ean zhthse apo thn ellhnikh kybernhsh megalyterh symmetoxh sthn apostolh toy NATO sto Afganistan, o k. Sefer tonise oti zhta megalyterh symmetoxh apo ola ta krath - melh ths Symmaxias, oxi eidika apo thn Ellada.

    [02] G.Papandreoy: "Dynamh anatrophs to PASOK"

    O Proedros toy PASOK, Giwrgos A. Papandreoy, qa milhsei to brady sthn Perifereiakh Syndiaskech Anatolikhs Makedonias - Qrakhs, h opoia qa pragmatopoihqei sthn Alejandroypolh. To meshmeri,qa synanthqei me ton prwqypoyrgo ths Slobakias, Rompert Fiko.

    Sthn poreia pros to 8o Synedrio toy PASOK, kai sto plaisio toy synexizomenoy Prosynedriakoy Dialogoy, pragmatopoioyntai ayth thn ebdomada, eidikes qematikes Perifereiakes Syndiaskeceis, gia to Politiko Systhma, thn Prasinh Oikonomia, thn Koinwnikh Politikh kai thn Ejwterikh Politikh.

    Sthn Perifereiakh Syndiaskech Attikhs, h opoia qa pragmatopoihqei sto Menidi, qa milhsoyn o ypeyqynos toy Tomea Ejwterikwn kai Amynas toy Politikoy Syntonistikoy Organoy toy Kinhmatos, Panos Mpegliths, gia thn Ejwterikh Politikh kai o boyleyths Epikrateias, Giwrgos Papadhmhtrioy, gia to Politiko Systhma.

    Prwtoboylies gia thn Paideia

    Sto plaisio twn prwtoboyliwn toy PASOK gia thn Paideia, pragmatopoioyntai shmera, se oloklhrh xwra, episkeceis boyleytwn kai stelexwn toy Kinhmatos se sxoleia. Kentriko synqhma twn drasewn toy PASOK: ``Dhmosia Dwrean Paideia, ychlhs poiothtas gia oloys. Gia ena neo anoikto, dhmioyrgiko sxoleio''.

    Stoxos toy PASOK, einai h anadeijh twn epiptwsewn, logw twn politikwn kai twn epilogwn ths kybernhshs Karamanlh, se ola ta epipeda ths ekpaideyshs, opws kai ston oikogeneiako proypologismo, kaqws kai h paroysiash toy plaisioy metarryqmishs sthn prwtobaqmia kai deyterobaqmia ekpaideysh.

    Omilia G.Papandreoy

    "H diapragmateytikh qesh kai isxys ths Elladas epi ND exei diolisqhsei, sthn Mesogeio, ta Balkania kai dieqnws", tonise o Proedros toy PASOK Giwrgos Papandreoy milwntas sthn teleytaia prin to Synedrio toy PASOK, synedriash ths Kentrikhs Organwtikhs Epitrophs Synedrioy.

    O Proedros toy PASOK eperrice sthn kybernhsh thn eyqynh dioti "xasame ton logo poy eixame gia tis sxeseis Toyrkias - EE (kaqws) oyte ta eqnika symferonta yperaspisthkame, oyte thn poreia ths Toyrkias kaqodhghsame", enw thn epekrine epishs gia "egkataleich toy Elsinki, poy odhgoyse se lyseis gia thn yfalokrhpida me thn synenteyjh toy prwqypoyrgoy sto CNN", alla kai gia "egkataleich kaqe skechs askhshs beto".

    O Giwrgos Papandreoy eipe oti "afhsame abohqhta ta Balkania" kai diapistwse oti "xaqhke to terastio kekthmeno ths ellhnikhs proedrias (ths EE) to 2003 kai diolisqhsame sthn epanabalkanopoihsh ths perioxhs".

    O Proedros toy PASOK eipe oti "egkataleicame ta Balkania sthn pelateiakh logikh twn isxyrwn", kanontas logo gia "Rwsoys - prostates twn Serbwn kai Amerikanoys - prostates twn Albanwn", enw se o,ti afora thn qesh ths Elladas thn periegrace ws "komparsoi se ena ergo poy grafoyn alloi".

    Epipleon o k. Papandreoy eipe oti h xwra mas "brisketai mplegmenh se pazaria, xwris arxes kai jekaqaroys stoxoys".

    Anaferomenos sto qema toy Kossoboy, o proedros toy PASOK eipe oti "o tropos poy diaxeiristhke to qema h Eyrwph ki h Ellada apotelei plhgma gia olh thn perioxh" kai ektimhse oti h ejelijh ayth qa diakocei thn eyrwpaikh poreia twn Dytikwn Balkaniwn kai qa anoijei ena neo faylo kyklo astaqeias, thn idia wra poy h "epishmh Eyrwph niptei tas xeiras ths".

    "Monomereis anagnwriseis toy Kossoboy, ektos plaisioy OHE, anoigoyn ton asko toy Aioloy", ypogrammise o proedros toy PASOK, kathgorwntas thn kybernhsh oti "kineitai ston asterismo ths aprajias kai ths ypoxwrhtikothtas".

    O k. Papandreoy tonise oti oi kybernhseis toy PASOK apedeijan oti h poreia qa mporoyse na einai diaforetikh, eipe oti "eixame apodeijei oti mporoysame na ycwsoyme thn fwnh mas, oti eimaste isxyroi kai ajiopistoi geitones", enw xarakthrise thn ellhnikh proedria toy 2003 ws "afethria elpidas".

    Se o, ti afora to onoma ths PGDM o proedros toy PASOK epishmane, prwton, oti epi kybernhsews Mhtsotakh h Rwsia anagnwrise thn geitona xwra kai oti to idio synebh me tis HPA kai ton Kanada, pali epi kybernhsews ND.

    Sth synexeia o k. Papandreoy epekrine thn kybernhsh oti "dexetai na diapragmateyqei diplh onomasia" kai tonise thn qesh toy PASOK: "Mia onomasia gia oles tis xrhseis, synqeth me gewgrafiko prosdiorismo".

    "Katanow thn aganakthsh toy ellhnikoy laoy gia thn politikh ths kybernhshs, den xreiazontai syllalhthria alla sobarh ejwterikh politikh" eipe sth synexeia o k. Papandreoy, prosqetontas oti h kybernhsh prepei na antilhfqei oti h Ellada mporei na ephreazei tis ejelijeis sta Balkania.

    Prosqese de mia frash toy Andrea Papandreoy oti mia zhmia sthn oikonomia diorqwnetai, alla mia zhmia sta eqnika qemata einai istorika anepanorqwth.

    O proedros toy PASOK anaferomenos sto Kypriako kat'arxhn apesteile ek neoy ta sygxarhthria toy ston neoeklegenta proedro ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias Dhmhtrh Xristofia, tonizontas pws "qa eimai sto pleyro toy kai qa symballw sth dikaih lysh toy Kypriakoy mesa sta plaisia toy OHE".

    Parallhla kalese thn kybernhsh na ergasqei gia th lysh toy Kypriakoy me bash tis apofaseis toy OHE kai tis arxes ths EE, enw den pareleice na ypogrammisei oti qa symbalei sthn epilysh toy Kypriakoy kai me thn idiothta toy proedroy ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys, ypenqymizontas, epipleon oti to komma toy Talat einai ypochfio gia entajh sthn Sosialistikh Dieqnh.

    O proedros toy PASOK apesteile epishs mhnyma "sthn allh pleyra toy Aigaioy", legontas pws "emeis anoijame thn porta ths EE gia thn Toyrkia" kai tonizontas oti to PASOK paramenei atalanteyto sthn qesh pws einai "dikaiwma ths Toyrkias na ginei melos sthn EE, alla einai taytoxrona kai ypoxrewsh ths na ekplhrwsei, xwris ejaireseis, oles tis desmeyseis poy exei analabei enanti ths Enwshs".

    "Prin tessera xronia, h Ellada htan to protypo ths perixhs", eipe sth synexeia ths omilias toy o k. Papandreoy, kanontas logo gia shch kai diafqora poy kyriarxoyn shmera kai epikrinontas thn kybernhsh gia to synolo ths politikhs ths.

    O G. Papandreoy ekane logo gia epibrabeysh toy paraisitismoy, milhse gia oikonomia se adiejodo, fygh kefalaiwn sto ejwteriko, afellhnismo ths oikonomias ypo ton mandya twn jenwn ependysewn, plhrh asydosia sthn agora, th megalyterh se olh thn EE kerdoforia twn trapezwn kai tonise oti h ND thn "jerei mono thn politikh ths koinwnika adikhs anadianomhs toy ploytoy".

    O proedros toy PASOK kathgorhse epishs thn kybernhsh oti qelei na metatrecei thn Ellada se "energeiako skoypidotopo ths Eyrwphs", ekane logo gia "dikaih kai dynamikh antidrash twn syndikalistwn ths DEH poy apetrecan th symfwnia me thn RWE" kai tonise oti to PASOK qa dwsei th maxh gia na mhn metatrapei h Ellada se "mayro probato" apo thn apoch ths prostasias toy periballontos, alla, antiqeta na anadeixqei se protypo "prasinhs anaptyjhs".

    "To anadianemhtiko systhma koinwnikhs asfalishs brisketai sthn kardia ths anaptyjhs kai ayto qa ylopoihsei h epomenh kybernhsh toy PASOK", eipe o k. Papandreoy anaferomenos sto asfalistiko.

    "H krish ths politikhs ejoysias, ths Dikaiosynhs twn MME kai twn qesmwn einai fysikh aporroia ths politikhs ths ND", eipe o k. Papandreoy, tonizontas pws gia to PASOK h yperaspish ths aytonomias ths politikhs kai h diafaneia apoteloyn ypoqesh xreoys kai timhs.

    "Den mas fobizei tipota, oyte apo to parelqon, oyte apo to paron. Opoios eftaije na plhrwsei se opoia paratajh ki an anhkei. Teleia kai payla", eipe xarakthristika o k. Papandreoy.

    Anaferomenos sthn "ypoqesh Zaxopoyloy" o proedros toy PASOK eipe oti "apodeiknyetai pws oi filoi toy prwqypoyrgoy mporoyn na diaxeirizontai disekatommyria xwris kanena elegxo, oi boyleytes mporoyn na ginontai taxydromoi ths synallaghs, ta xrhmata toy laoy einai o qhsayros enos kommatos kai se orismenes periptwseis o dromos gia thn proagwgh perna apo thn tapeinwsh".

    Epishs, o k. Papandreoy xarakthrise ws aparadekto to endexomeno "na epidiwjei h kybernhsh na fimwsei thn eleyqerh ekfrash ths neas genias sto Diadiktyo",prosqetontas, epipleon, oti ayto einai kai texnika adynato.

    "To PASOK ginetai kai pali dynamh anatrophs kai to synedrio mas einai ena bhma gia na peisoyme th nea genia kai ton ellhniko lao oti eimaste etoimoi na anoijoyme nea selida gia th xwra", eipe o k. Papandreoy, prosqetontas oti to PASOK qa kanei kai shmera tomes kai tonizontas oti "proxwrame oloi mazi, xwris nikhtes kai htthmenoys".

    "Sto PASOK den yparxoyn prostateyomenoi kai poly perissotero egw. Den zhtw apo kanena na me prostateysei, zhtw apo oloys na prostateysoyn tis arxes kai tis ajies toy PASOK (...). Kai h peiqarxia poy zhtw, den einai peiqarxia se mena, alla afosiwsh ston koino mas stoxo", tonise xarakthristika o proedros toy PASOK, o opoios, oloklhrwnontas thn omilia toy, eipe oti to "Synedrio qa apodeixqei to koryfaio politiko gegonos gia ton topo", kaqws apotelei to prwto bhma, meta apo to opoio qa akoloyqhsoyn polla bhmata, wste na dhmioyrghqei h koinwnikh symmaxia h opoia qa sthrijei tis apaitoymenes gia ton topo allages.

    [03] "Palh kai syspeirwsh"

    To KKE proeidopoiei to lao oti pisw apo thn koyrtina twn diapragmateysewn gia to onoma ths FYROM diejagetai ena diaforetiko pazari poy afora sthn amesh anagnwrish apo thn Ellada ths anejarthtopoihshs toy Kossoboy, sthn enisxysh twn ellhnikwn stratiwtikwn dynamewn stoys stratoys katoxhs NATO kai EE sto Kossobo, sto Afganistan k.a. Thn idia wra ejelissetai h enisxysh ths stratiwtikhs kai oikonomikhs paroysias twn HPA kai ths EE sth FYROM kai sto Kosobo, tonizei to KKE se anakoinwsh toy sxetika me tis ejelijeis gia to zhthma ths onomasias ths PGDM.

    To KKE kalei to lao "na klimakwsei thn antiimperialistikh toy palh kai syspeirwsh" kai na mhn "apoprosanatolistei oyte apo tis dynameis ths ypotaghs oyte apo tis eqnikistikes fwnes. Kai oi dyo sygkalyptoyn to rolo twn imperialistikwn dynamewn, thn emplokh kai ta symferonta toy ellhnikoy kefalaioy".

    [04] "Na spasei o dikommatismos"

    Me ekproswpoys twn Enwsewn Texnikwn: Ellhnikhs Radiofwnias, Idiwtikhs Thleorashs Attikhs, Idiwtikhs Thleorashs Boreioy Ellados, Radiofwnias, kai Makedonias - Qrakhs, qa synanthqei to apogeyma o proedros toy SYN k. Alejhs Tsipras, meta apo aithma toys, gia na syzhthsoyn panw se qemata poy aforoyn sta swmateia toys sta plaisia toy Asfalistikoy.

    Ayrio stis 11:30 to prwi, o k.Tsipras qa ginei dektos apo ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias k. Karolo Papoylia.

    "O kentrikos stoxos einai na diamorfwqei mia megalh pleiochfia h opoia na mporesei na spasei ta teixh toy dikommatismoy kai na apanthsei sta megala zhthmata ths koinwnias me tria megala kommata, oxi me dyo. Kai qa deite oti kaqoti h ND einai se kaqodo h Rizospastikh Aristera einai se anodo", dhlwse o proedros ths KO toy SYRIZA Alekos Alabanos sxoliazontas ta apotelesmata dhmoskophsewn.

    "Egw qelw na eyxaristhsw oloys osoi mas sthrizoyne, kyriws tis dynameis ths neolaias, kai epishs tis dynameis poy erxontai apo ton Sosialistiko xwro kai briskoyn jana thn prosdokia kai na pw oti jeroyme oti eimaste ypo dokimh kai qa prospaqhsoyme na antapokriqoyme", tonise.

    [05] Metanasteytikh politikh

    Sygkritikh ereyna anamesa se 28 xwres gia thn entajh twn metanastwn h opoia dienerghqhke apo ton Organismo Metanasteytikhs Politikhs kai paroysiasthke sto plaisio toy tritoy eqnikoy dialogoy poy filojenhqhke apo ton Synhgoro toy Polith, emfanizei thn Ellada sto qema ths entajhs twn metanastwn na ypoleipetai apo alles eyrwpaikes xwres kai dh mesogeiakes, opws h Ispania kai h sxetika nea xwra ypodoxhs metanastwn, Portogalia.

    Ti mas diaforopoiei apo aytes tis xwres se qemata metanasteytikhs politikhs kai poy brisketai shmera h xwra se ayto to shmeio;

    O proedros toy Institoytoy Metanasteytikhs Politikhs (IMEPO), Alejandros Zabos, se synenteyjh toy sto APE-MPE, apanta se erwthmata sxetika me ayto to flegon gia oloklhro ton sygxrono kosmo, qema:

    - Ws pros to qema ths katatajhs ths Elladas se xamhles qeseis basei ayths ths Ekqeshs prepei na epishmanoyme orismena pragmata kai na laboyme ypoch tis idiaiterothtes kaqe xwras. Paradeigmatos xarin, enas deikths poy orizetai gia na deis an mia xwra exei proxwrhsei se qemata metanasteytikhs politikhs einai kai to pososto iqageneias poy exei xorhghqei se allodapoys. H Ellada ontws exei xamhlo pososto kai epomenws xamhlh baqmologhsh se ayth thn Ekqesh. Gia na parei iqageneia qa prepei o allodapos sthn Ellada na symplhrwsei -ektos twn allwn proypoqesewn- kai 10 xronia nomimhs paramonhs sth xwra. Omws, h katagrafh sthn Ellada twn metanastwn jekinhse to 1998, epomenws ta stoixeia basei twn opoiwn mporei na pistopoihqei h nomimh paramonh toys sth xwra, molis fetos symplhrwnontai. Ta prohgoymena xronia elaxistoi mporoysan na apodeijoyn oti eixan zhsei mia dekaetia sthn Ellada. Oi alles eyrwpaikes xwres poy exoyn mikrotero xroniko orio gia th nomimopoihsh toys (pente xronia), exoyn megalyterh paradosh sto qema, afoy logw ths apoikiokratias -se xwres afrikanikes, kyriws- , oi perissoteroi metanastes se aytes proerxontai apo tis palaies apoikies kai einai pio ejoikeiwmenoi me th glwssa kai tis synhqeies ths xwras ypodoxhs, epomenws einai kai pio eykolo na entaxqoyn se aytes.

    Ena allo paradeigma, einai h politikh symmetoxh twn metanastwn, opoy kai se ayto to shmeio h xwra mas emfanizetai na ysterei. Xwres me makra paradosh sth metanasteysh exoyn domhsei metanasteytikes koinothtes wste aytes na exoyn qesmikh ekproswphsh sta organa, na exoyn eklejei atoma poy toys ekproswpoyn mesa apo qesmikes diadikasies kai symmetexoyn se qesmika organa, mesw twn opoiwn syndialegontai me thn politeia. Sthn Ellada den exei epiteyxqei akomh h qesmikh ekproswphsh twn metanastwn. Twra ginetai mia prospaqeia se ayton ton tomea. Mia allh diastash einai oti h pleionothta twn metanastwn, sthn Ellada exoyn eiselqei paranoma sth xwra. Epomenws xreiazetai xronos gia na akoloyqhsoyn th diadikasia entajhs. Opoios exei mpei me nomimh diadikasia einai eykolotero na entaxqei. Stis boreies xwres, to 90% twn metanastwn mpainoyn mesw nomimwn diadikasiwn.

    - Ma kai sthn Ispania gnwrizoyme oti mpainoyn sth xwra kaqhmerina paranomoi metanastes, xrhsimopoiwntas ploiaria ths symforas apo tis boreio-afrikanikes xwres me tragikes synepeies, afoy syxnotata jebrazontai stis aktes ptwmata laqrometanastwn poy den kataferan na ftasoyn stis ispanikes aktes.

    - Nai, h Ispania exei to idio problhma kai edw yparxei ena qema me toys deiktes. H Ispania monimopoihse perysi 600.000 metanastes. To qema einai pote ginetai h metrhsh metanastwn. Otan toys metras molis toys exeis nomimopoihsei, tote oi deiktes fainontai qetikoi, an ginei h metrhsh prin th nomimopoihsh tote qa emfanizotan megalos ariqmos mh-nomimwn metanastwn. Omws, opws eipe kai o Gallos ypoyrgos Metanasteyshs Mpris Ortfe, poy episkefthke th xwra mas kai ton ypoyrgo Eswterikwn, mia xwra den qa prepei na nomimopoiei metanastes, an den symfwnhsoyn kai oi alles xwres ths EE, me to skeptiko oti oi metanastes apo th stigmh poy ftanoyn se mia eyrwpaikh xwra mporoyn na perasoyn kai se alles, epomenws to qema ayto tis afora oles.

    - An hsastan metanasths shmera sthn Ellada, qa hsastan eyxaristhmenos apo th zwh sas edw;

    - Ola einai sxetika. An eixa erqei me nomimo tropo sthn Ellada kai eixa afhsei pisw sthn patrida moy dyskoles synqhkes epibiwshs, tote sigoyra qa eniwqa kalytera kai parallhla qa diekdikoysa panta to kalytero. Ekei poy yparxei problhma sthn Ellada einai h kaqysterhsh poy shmeiwnetai sthn ekdosh kai ananewsh twn adeiwn diamonhs metanastwn kai idiaitera se orismenes perioxes opoy yparxei megalh sygkentrwsh.

    H aitia einai prwton, oti yparxoyn metanastes twn opoiwn ta eggrafa den apodeiknyoyn oti briskontai sth xwra nomima. Deyteron, logw fortoy ergasias twn ypallhlwn kai dedomenoy oti oi metanastes den einai ``eykoloi pelates'' gia tis dhmosies yphresies (den miloyn eparkws ta ellhnika), h synennohsh den einai eykolh afoy den yparxoyn kai ypallhloi poy na miloyn sth glwssa to metanasth. Etsi, dhmioyrgeitai entash. Oi ypallhloi apofeygoyn tis yphresies poy exoyn na kanoyn me metanastes kai sth qesh toys erxontai epoxikoi, me apotelesma na mhn yparxei h aparaithth gnwsh toy qematos alla kai synexeia stis sygkekrimenes yphresies. Fysika, yparxei kai to problhma ths genikoterhs grafeiokratias. Twra ginontai prospaqeies na aplopoihqoyn oi diadikasies me thn Epitroph poy exei systaqei sto ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn gia ayto to skopo.

    To IMEPO symmetexei me alles xwres sto programma INDI me skopo th dhmioyrgia one stop stand, dhladh enos xwroy opoy qa ejyphretoyntai oles oi ypoqeseis twn metanastwn. Elpizoyme pws mexri ton Oktwbrio qa exei oloklhrwqei h diadikasia.

    - Ti omws symbainei me toys paranomoys metanastes sthn Ellada;

    - Kamia xwra den qelei perissoteroys metanastes apo osoys exei anagkh. Etsi, gia na lyqei to problhma, dyo lyseis yparxoyn: Prwton h apotroph toys. Omws, h Ellada, poy exei ta megalytera se mhkos qalassia synora, den mporei na prostateysei tis mh nomimes eisodoys sth xwra. H allh lysh einai h epistrofh toys stis omores xwres apo opoy perasan gia na ftasoyn mexri emas. Ayto apaitei diakratikes symfwnies, opws me xwres poy qeloyn na exoyn kalh sxesh me thn EE. Trith lysh: h epanaprowqhsh toys sth xwra katagwghs toys. Omws, se ayth thn periptwsh yparxei to problhma twn tajidiwtikwn h allwn eggrafwn toys. Polloi apo toys paranomoys metanastes exoyn katastrecei ayta ta eggrafa kai kata synepeia einai adynaton na steileis pisw kapoion xwris xartia.

    An, twra, toys nomimopoihseis oloys, einai sa na dineis to mhnyma na erqoyn oloi kai se ayth thn periptwsh qa yparjei sth xwra megalo problhma ergasias oxi mono metajy twn metanastwnµ, alla kai twn Ellhnwn ergazomenwn me xamhla hmeromisqia. Symfwna me prosfath meleth, an erqoyn 200.000 metanastes sth xwra h anergia qa ektojeytei sta ych kai qa meiwqoyn apo 25 ews 55% ta merokamata. Etsi, qa yparjei mia anadianomh toy eisodhmatos yper twn ploysioterwn kai kata twn ftwxoterwn. Qa dhmioyrghqei koinwniko problhma sth xwra apo toys anqrwpoys poy den qa briskoyn ergasia.

    - Yparxei omws to qema toy sebasmoy twn Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn, ta opoia polles fores katapatwntai, opws stis prosfates periptwseis sthn Patra kai thn Hgoymenitsa.

    - Toys episkefqhka egw o idios stoys kataylismoys toys, me politikoys foreis kai foreis metanastwn sthn Patra, prin apo eji mhnes, otan ta pragmata htan pio hrema. Oi metanastes den hqelan na metakinhqoyn apo toys kataylismoys poy eixan sthsei sto limani gia na pane alloy kai na zhsoyn se kalyteres synqhkes, opoy toso h Perifereia, oso kai h Nomarxia toys paraxwroyse ektos perioxhs toy limanioy. Oi metanastes aytoi hqelan na einai sto limani gia na mporoyn opote broyn thn eykairia na fygoyn laqraia me ta ploia gia thn Italia kai apo ekei se alles eyrwpaikes xwres, opoy oi synqhkes einai kalyteres. Omws, h pleiochfia apo aytoys gyrizei pisw afoy oi Italoi gnwrizoyn to problhma kai stoys ekteneis elegxoys poy kanoyn, toys anakalyptoyn. Etsi, exoyme 2.500 metanastes mesa sto limani kai oi polites ths Patras antidroyn.

    - Pws nomizete pws mporei na antimetwpistei to problhma ths metanasteyshs genikotera se mia epoxh opoy ta metanasteytika reymata apo tis xwres toy mh anaptygmenoy kosmoy fainetai na mh stamatoyn;

    - Einai ena qema poy prepei na to doyme me thn EE. Giati afenos den mporoyme na toys krathsoyme, afeteroy den mporoyme na toys steiloyme pisw. An mia xwra toys dextei tote qa epelqei rhjh me thn EE.

    Sthn Patra eixe protaqei h lysh na fraxtei to limani wste na dyskoleyetai h apodrash toys. Omws, yphrjan antidraseis paragontwn ths Topikhs Aytodioikhshs, kaqws den hqelan na parempodizetai h bolta twn Patrinwn sthn paralia. Telika h parembash ths Astynomias einai h monh lysh.

    - Telika posoi einai oi metanastes sthn Ellada, giati polla antikroyomena akoygontai gia ton teliko ariqmo toys;

    - Oi adeies en isxyi shmera einai peripoy 500.000 kai alles 150.000 briskontai se ekkremothta, synolo 650.000 nomimoi metanastes.

    Gia toys mh nomimoys metanastes yparxei mia ektimhsh poy basizetai se stoixeia ta opoia sygkentrwnontai apo ta sxoleia kai thn Topikh Aytodioikhsh. Se ena deigma peripoy 200 Dhmwn me synoliko plhqysmo ena ekatommyrio katoikoys, prokyptei enas ariqmos mh nomimwn metanastwn ycoys 180.000 me 250.000, ariqmos poy epibebaiwnetai kai apo ta stoixeia poy sygkentrwqhkan apo ta sxoleia. Dhladh, basei twn gennhsewn sth xwra kai me dedomeno oti se kaqe enan nomimo metanasth antistoixoyn 7 me 8 mh nomimoi, prokyptei pws o telikos ariqmos ftanei peripoy toys 250.000. Dhladh oloi mazi den jepernoyn to ena ekatommyrio.

    - Pws pisteyete pws prepei na antimetwpistei to qema twn paidiwn metanastwn poy exoyn gennhqei sthn Ellada alla molis symplhrwsoyn to 18o etos ths hlikias toys (prosfata doqhke paratash mexri to 21o) prepei h na fygoyn apo th xwra h na broyn amesws ergodoth;

    - H protash toy IMEPO pros thn politeia einai pws ta paidia twn metanastwn poy exoyn gennhqei kai megalwsei sthn Ellada, exoyn paei sxoleio kai exoyn symplhrwsei to 18o etos ths hlikias toys, prepei me aithsh toys na zhtoyn kai na lambanoyn thn ellhnikh iqageneia. H epilogh prepei na einai dikh toys. Na niwqoyn dhladh Ellhnes, na mporoyn na pane sto panepisthmio, sto strato, na exoyn to dikaiwma toy eklegein kai toy eklegesqai. Omws, den qa mporei h xorhghsh ths iqageneias pros aytoys na dikaiologei kai th xorhghsh iqageneias kai stoys goneis toys.

    - Yparxoyn problhmata sthn kathgoria twn epi makron diamenontes metanastwn kai poia einai ayta;

    - O nomos problepei gia ayth thn kathgoria metanastwn th nomimh paramonh epi pentaetia sth xwra, dhladh na exei mia ergasia poy apodeiknyetai kai pistopoihtiko gnwshs ths ellhnikhs glwssas. To pistopoihtiko dinetai meta apo 150 wres dwrean didaskalias ths glwssas kai stoixeiwn istorias kai politismoy ths xwras. Etsi pairnoyn adeia makras diamonhs xwris na xreiazetai na thn ananewnoyn kaqe xrono kai ejomoiwnontai ta dikaiwmata toys me ayta twn Ellhnwn ektos apo ayto ths symmetoxhs se politika drwmena. Isws argotera -opws exei pei kai o ypoyrgos- na mporoyn na symmetexoyn se topikes ekloges.

    - Kai sto qema ths oikogeneiakhs synenwshs fainetai na ysteroyme se sxesh me alles eyrwpaikes xwres...

    - Apo stoixeia toy ypoyrgeioy Apasxolhshs mporoyme na doyme posoi metanastes lambanoyn oikogeneiako epidoma. Se synolo 360.000 Ellhnwn poy dikaioyntai epidomatos oi nomimoi allodapoi anerxontai stis 40.000, dhladh to 11,11%. Alla kai apo to synolo twn drasewn toy OAED, 12.500 metanastes lambanoyn epidoma anergias , dhladh to 9,45%. Ta pososta twn metanastwn aytwn twn kathgoriwn einai ychla se sxesh me to pososto toy plhqysmoy toys sth xwra giati oi metanastes poy katagrafontai se aytes tis listes einai oloi ergasiaka energoi. Den ypologizontai sta stoixeia p.x. hlikiwmenoi h mwra.

    Epishs oson afora toys asfalismenoys sta Tameia, gia ton mhna Noembrio toy 2006, to synolo twn allodapwn asfalismenwn, sto IKA kai to ETAM mono, se koines epixeirhseis (ektos oikodomwn) anerxetai stoys 259.496 ek twn opoiwn 189.632 antres kai 69.864 gynaikes.

    Pera apo ta apta stoixeia, ta problhmata ths kaqhmerinothtas kai to genikotero qema ths metanasteyshs poy h xwra mas moirazetai me polles alles, to qema poy apasxolei ayth th stigmh to IMEPO, ton proedro kai toys synergates toy einai h analhch ths diorganwshs toy 3oy Dieqnoys Foroym Metanasteyshs kai Anaptyjhs poy qa pragmatopoihqei sthn Aqhna to 2009. Emfash qa doqei apo ellhnikhs pleyras sto qema ths ajiopoihshs ths diasporas se sxesh me th metanasteysh kai o neos rolos poy kaleitai na diadramatisei.

    [06] Sarwtikh nikh

    O neoeklegeis proedros ths Rwsias Ntmitri Mentbentef desmeyqhke shmera na diathrhsei thn politikh toy mentora toy Blantimir Poytin, o opoios qa analabei thn prwqypoyrgia, epeita apo thn anamenomenh nikh toy stis xqesines proedrikes ekloges sth Rwsia, oi opoies epikriqhkan apo dytikoys parathrhtes ws mh apolytws dhmokratikes.

    Qelontas na tonisei ton ditto xarakthra ths ejoysias sth Rwsia, o Mentbentef emfanisqhke sto pleyro toy Poytin xqes sthn Kokkinh Plateia epi ths skhnhs rok synaylias gia ton eortasmo ths eklogikhs toy nikhs.

    H Kentrikh Eklogikh Epitroph anakoinwse, epeita apo thn katametrhsh toy 99,45% twn chfwn, oti o Ntmitri Mentbentef ejasfalise pososto 70,23%. Ejaitias toy ychloteroy posostoy symmetoxhs, perissoteroi polites chfisan ton Mentbentef xqes apo o,ti ton Blantimir Poytin to 2004, 52 ekatommyria chfoforoi enanti 49,6 ekatommyriwn.

    O Ntmitri Mentbentef, 42 etwn, qa einai o neoteros hgeths apo thn epoxh toy Tsaroy Nikolaoy II otan qa analabei ta kaqhkonta toy stis 7 Maioy, enw einai o tritos proedros ths metasobietikhs Rwsias, meta ton Mporis Geltsin (1991-1999) kai ton Blantimir Poytin (200-2008).

    "Pisteyw oti h proedria moy qa einai h amesh synexeia" ths oktaetias toy Blantimir Poytin, poy xarakthrisqhke apo th sygkentrwsh ths ejoysias sto Kremlino kai thn proqesh na orqwsei to anasthma ths apenanti sth Dysh ston tomea ths ejwterikhs politikhs.

    Stelnontas mhnyma oti h Rwsia den qa amblynei thn apofasistikh ths stash ston tomea ths ejwterikhs politikhs, o kratikos kolossos Gazprom meiwse shmera kata to en tetarton thn trofodosia ths Oykranias se fysiko aerio, ejaitias toy xreoys toy Kieboy.

    Poytin kai Mentbentef dhlwnoyn oti qa thrhsoyn to syntagma, poy dinei ston proedro ton elegxo ths ejwterikhs politikhs kai shmantikwn ypoyrgeiwn, opws ths Amynas kai twn yphresiwn plhroforiwn, enw gia ton prwqypoyrgo epifylassei ton elegxo epi ths oikonomias kai epi twn koinwnikwn yphresiwn.

    Wstoso den exei ginei safes poios qa exei ton pragmatiko elegxo ths xwras kai politikoi analytes qetoyn ypo amfisbhthsh th xronikh diarkeia ths symfwnias toys gia thn katanomh ths ejoysias se mia xwra poy exei synhqisei na kybernatai apo enan isxyro hgeth.

    O Mentbentef, prwhn kaqhghths ths nomikhs, poy teloyse kaq'olh th diarkeia ths politikhs toy karieras ypo thn skia toy Poytin, exei dhlwsei oti den qa epitrecei ston panisxyro prwqypoyrgo toy na katapathsei thn ejoysia toy.

    "To grafeio toy proedroy brisketai sto Kremlino. To grafeio toy prwqypoyrgoy brisketai ston Leyko Oiko", dhlwse stoys dhmosiografoys.

    O Mentbentef dhlwse oti epi ths proedrias toy h Mosxa den qa amblynei th sklhrh ths stash se qemata opws to Kosobo h ta amerikanika sxedia gia thn egkatastash antipyraylikoy systhmatos sthn anatolikh Eyrwph.

    Prepei na akoloyqhsoyme anejarthth ejwterikh politikh, ayth poy eixame ta teleytaia oktw xronia, me kyrio stoxo thn yperaspish twn eqnikwn mas symferontwn se ola ta metwpa me ola ta dynata mesa, alla fysika sto plaisio ths nomimothtas", dhlwse o Mentbentef.


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