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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-03-03

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Palh kai syspeirwsh"
  • [02] "Na spasei o dikommatismos"
  • [03] "Katarghsh foroy synallagwn"
  • [04] Metanasteytikh politikh
  • [05] Sarwtikh nikh

    [01] "Palh kai syspeirwsh"

    To KKE proeidopoiei to lao oti pisw apo thn koyrtina twn diapragmateysewn gia to onoma ths FYROM diejagetai ena diaforetiko pazari poy afora sthn amesh anagnwrish apo thn Ellada ths anejarthtopoihshs toy Kossoboy, sthn enisxysh twn ellhnikwn stratiwtikwn dynamewn stoys stratoys katoxhs NATO kai EE sto Kossobo, sto Afganistan k.a. Thn idia wra ejelissetai h enisxysh ths stratiwtikhs kai oikonomikhs paroysias twn HPA kai ths EE sth FYROM kai sto Kosobo, tonizei to KKE se anakoinwsh toy sxetika me tis ejelijeis sto skopiano.

    To KKE kalei to lao "na klimakwsei thn antiimperialistikh toy palh kai syspeirwsh" kai na mhn "apoprosanatolistei oyte apo tis dynameis ths ypotaghs oyte apo tis eqnikistikes fwnes. Kai oi dyo sygkalyptoyn to rolo twn imperialistikwn dynamewn, thn emplokh kai ta symferonta toy ellhnikoy kefalaioy".

    Paparhga sth Boylh

    O "eksygxronismos" twn aerodromiwn shmainei "idiwtikopoihsh" ths xrhshs twn megalyterwn ej aytwn, opws ths Rodoy, toy Hrakleioy, ths Kerkyras, ths Kw kai ths Qessalonikhs, eipe h gg toy KKE Aleka Paparhga, anaptyssontas thn epikairh erwthsh ths pros ton prwqypoyrgo sxetika me thn Yphresia Politikhs Aeroporias kai ta aerodromia ths xwras.

    Oi polyeqnikes zhtoyn ta pente megala aerodromia, ta eisodhmata twn opoiwn shmera xrhmatodotoyn th leitoyrgia twn mikroterwn kai idiws aytwn poy ejyphretoyn thn epikoinwnia twn nhsiwn, anefere h ka Paparhga.

    Ekfrazontas thn anhsyxia ths gia to endexomeno katarghshs ths YPA, h ka Paparhga shmeiwse oti h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph etoimazei na dhmioyrghsei ennea FIR se olh thn Eyrwph kai oti h Ellada qa anhkei se dyo apo ayta, ena poy perna thn Italia kai ena thn Roymania. "Ephreazetai h Yphresia Politikhs Aeroporias. Kai qa syrriknwqei to proswpiko kai qa allajoyn oi ergasiakes sxeseis" eipe h gg toy KKE.

    Anefere epishs oti qa qigei o eqnikos enaerios xwros kai oti qa epitaqei h sygxysh ston tomea ereynas kai diaswshs sto Aigaio.

    H ka Paparhga, sthn arxh ths omilias ths, eyxhqhke taxeia anarrwsh sth prwhn ypoyrgo Paideias M.Giannakoy.

    [02] "Na spasei o dikommatismos"

    Me ekproswpoys twn Enwsewn Texnikwn: Ellhnikhs Radiofwnias, Idiwtikhs Thleorashs Attikhs, Idiwtikhs Thleorashs Boreioy Ellados, Radiofwnias, kai Makedonias - Qrakhs, qa synanthqei o k. Al.Tsipras, meta apo aithma toys, gia na syzhthsoyn panw se qemata poy aforoyn sta swmateia toys sta plaisia toy Asfalistikoy.

    "O kentrikos stoxos einai na diamorfwqei mia megalh pleiochfia h opoia na mporesei na spasei ta teixh toy dikommatismoy kai na apanthsei sta megala zhthmata ths koinwnias me tria megala kommata, oxi me dyo. Kai qa deite oti kaqoti h ND einai se kaqodo h Rizospastikh Aristera einai se anodo", dhlwse o proedros ths KO toy SYRIZA Alekos Alabanos sxoliazontas ta apotelesmata dhmoskophsewn.

    "Egw qelw na eyxaristhsw oloys osoi mas sthrizoyne, kyriws tis dynameis ths neolaias, kai epishs tis dynameis poy erxontai apo ton Sosialistiko xwro kai briskoyn jana thn prosdokia kai na pw oti jeroyme oti eimaste ypo dokimh kai qa prospaqhsoyme na antapokriqoyme", tonise.

    Alabanos sth Boylh

    "Amesa metra gia thn kaqarsh sto Ypoyrgeio Politismoy" zhthse apo ton prwqypoyrgo o proedros ths KO toy SYRIZA Alekos Alabanos, milwntas sth Boylh, kai kathgorhse ton prwqypoyrgo gia "apopoihsh eyqynwn" thn periodo poy htan ypoyrgos Politismoy.

    ``Eidame to idio tono kai yfos gia mia seira metra poy exete parei, enw tipota den efarmozetai. Ean den kanete aytokritikh sb aythn thn erwthsh, sb ayto to qema, pote qa kanete;'', eipe o epikefalhs toy SYRIZA.

    O k.Alabanos ypenqymise thn arnhsh ths ND kai thn aproqymia, opws eipe, toy prwqypoyrgoy na proselqei sthn Epitroph Morfwtikwn Ypoqesewn prokeimenoy na parasxei dieykriniseis gia thn politeia toy Xrhstoy Zaxopoyloy sto YPPO kai shmeiwse oti o k.Karamanlhsepikaloymenos oti den askhse sthn prajh tis armodiothtes toy ws ypoyrgos Politismoy "dinei ena paradeigma parabiashs toy Syntagmatos" kaqws "to arqro 83 problepei oti kaqe ypoyrgos askei tis armodiothtes poy problepei o nomos''.

    ``Otan paradidate to ypoyrgeio Politismoy kanate mia omilia gia ta pepragmena toy ypoyrgeioy kai hsastan lalistatos. Shmera poy einai ta dyskola, prospaqeite na drapeteysete'', anefere o k. proedros toy SYRIZA kai synexise:

    ``Mas kanete mia paraqesh pragmatwn poy dhqen kanate kai nomizete pws qa apofygete na milhsete gia toys ekbiasmoys, ta allhlokarfwmata, tis aytoktonies, toys mystikoys logariasmoys, ta trapezia me tzogo ekatommyria, tis synallages kybernhtikwn stelexwn me mesa enhmerwshs. Blepoyme zwntana pia, mesa apo thn thleorash, me poion tropo ginetai h diaplokh, me poion tropo mpainoyn sto xwro twn MME megaloefoplistes, me poion tropo ginontai oi antagwnismoi kai oi diaireseis kai me poion tropo aggizoyn olb ayta to Megaro Majimoy. Kai pws stelexh toy Megaroy Majimoy mphkan sb aytes tis diergasies, se mia prospaqeia na dhmioyrghqei enas peplos siwphs''.

    O k. Alabanos jekinwntas thn omilia toy eyxhqhke -ek meroys toy kai ek meroys olwn twn boyleytwn toy SYRIZA- na lhjei aisia h peripeteia ygeias ths prwhn ypoyrgoy Paideias Mariettas Giannakoy.

    [03] "Katarghsh foroy synallagwn"

    Ta etairika apotelesmata toy prwtoy trimhnoy qa einai endeiktika gia thn poreia ths xrhmatisthriakhs agoras, ektima o proedros toy X.A. k. Spyros Kapralos, se synenteyjh toy sto APE-MPE kai dhlwnei oti apotelei epitaktikh anagkh h katarghsh toy foroy epi twn synallagwn, wste na mh xaqei reystothta apo thn agora mas (o ypoyrgos Oikonomias & Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Alogoskoyfhs pro hmerwn epibebaiwse oti ayto hdh meletatai apo to ypoyrgeio).

    O k. S. Kapralos, sthn erwthsh ean to X.A. mporei na apotelesei stoxo ejagoras, ektima oti ola ta endexomena einai piqana, apo th stigmh malista poy exei metablhqei shmantika h metoxikh synqesh ths EXAE kai to pososto twn jenwn qesmikwn sto metoxiko kefalaio jeperna pleon to 64%.

    ER: Ta xrhmatisthria dieqnws dianyoyn mia periodo entonhs metablhtothtas, meta apo ena qetiko 2007. Poia einai h gnwmh sas gia thn poreia twn xrhmatisthriwn kai toy X.A. gia to 2008;

    AP: Toys teleytaioys mhnes h anodos ths timhs toy petrelaioy, h krish twn stegastikwn daneiwn xamhlhs ejasfalishs stis Hnwmenes Politeies, h diolisqhsh toy dolarioy enanti toy eyrw kai h prooptikh yfeshs sthn amerikanikh oikonomia, synqetoyn mia eikona, h opoia dhmioyrgei entonh anasfaleia stoys diaxeiristes kefalaiwn kai meiwsh ths diaqeshs gia ekqesh se kindyno. To gegonos ayto shmatodothse amesws ena kyma reystopoihsewn stis xrhmatisthriakes agores pagkosmiws.

    To ellhniko xrhmatisthrio leitoyrgei se ena dieqnopoihmeno periballon kai exei edw kai kairo prosdeqei sto arma twn aneptygmenwn agorwn. To sygkekrimeno gegonos afenos epiferei mia seira pleonekthmatwn sto XA, ta opoia eidame ta prohgoymena xronia me thn ayjhsh ths reystothtas ths agoras mas, afeteroy omws shmatodotei thn amesh sysxetish ths poreias ths ellhnikhs agoras me tis antistoixes twn dieqnwn agorwn, ena fainomeno to opoio parathreitai entona apo thn arxh toy etoys mexri shmera. Qa prepei na ginei antilhpto oti, me thn pagkosmiopoihsh, oi agores leitoyrgoyn san sygkoinwnoynta doxeia kai to X.A. qa ephreazetai apo ta problhmata stis dieqneis oikonomies.

    Nomizw oti to problhma einai megalytero apb oso arxika pisteyan oi ependytes. Den gnwrizw an th stigmh ayth oi trapezes exoyn apokalycei sto synolo toys tis zhmies apo ta stegastika daneia, enw, apo thn allh pleyra, to qema poy proekyce me thn Societe Generale kai thn ``mayrh trypa'' twn 5 disekatommyriwn eyrw, problhmatizei entonws gia tis ``parapleyres apwleies'' twn xrhmatopistwtikwn idrymatwn apo thn diorqwsh twn xrhmatisthriakwn agorwn.

    Wstoso, ta mhnymata gia thn ellhnikh oikonomia kai tis epixeirhseis paramenoyn sygkrathmena aisiodoja kai gia to etos poy dianyoyme. Pisteyw oti ta etairika apotelesmata toy prwtoy trimhnoy qa einai endeiktika gia thn poreia twn agorwn. Molis ta pragmata katastalajoyn dieqnws kai meiwqei h abebaiothta, h reystothta qa epanelqei stis xrhmatisthriakes agores kai ta xrhmatisthria qa anakamcoyn.

    ER: Exete dhlwsei oti to ellhniko xrhmatisthrio qa prepei na ginei perissotero antagwnistiko. Poia einai ta epomena sxedia ths dioikhshs toy X.A. pros ayth thn kateyqynsh; Ti qa ginei telika me thn katarghsh toy foroy synallagwn;

    AP: Qewrw oti einai h ystath eykairia mas gia na proxwrhsoyme sthn katarghsh toy foroy epi twn synallagwn. O foros aytos einai ellhnikh prwtotypia kai apotelei shmantiko pososto epi toy synolikoy kostoys twn synallagwn. Opws ginetai antilhpto, loipon, h yparjh toy foroy aytoy dinei shmantiko kinhtro stoys antagwnistes mas gia na arxisoyn na pragmatopoioyn synallages epi ellhnikwn metoxwn sto ejwteriko, opoy den epibarynontai me ton foro ayto. Fobamai oti an symbei ayto kai xaqei reystothta apo thn agora mas, qa einai ejairetika dyskolo na epistrecei pisw, akoma kai an katarghqei o foros argotera. Gib ayto emeis epimenoyme oti qa prepei na katarghqei amesa.

    Oson afora sthn antagwnistikothta ths agoras mas stoys alloys tomeis, qewrw oti proxwrame me ikanopoihtiko ryqmo. Ta teleytaia xronia exei ginei shmantiko ergo pros thn kateyqynsh ayth, toso ws pros to qesmiko plaisio poy diepei thn ellhnikh agora, oso kai ws pros to wrario, thn paroxh newn proiontwn kai yphresiwn, kaqws kai sth meiwsh toy kostoys twn synallagwn. Hdh briskomaste se fash diereynhshs gia thn eisagwgh newn sygxronwn xrhmatooikonomikwn ergaleiwn sthn ellhnikh agora, poy pisteyoyme oti qa proselkysoyn to endiaferon toso twn Ellhnwn oso kai twn jenwn ependytwn.

    ER: To qema ths synergasias toy X.A. me jena xrhmatisthria kai kyriws me ta xrhmatisthria twn Balkaniwn poy brisketai; To X.A. mporei na apotelesei stoxo ejagoras;

    AP: Ola ta endexomena einai piqana, apo th stigmh malista poy exei metablhqei shmantika h metoxikh synqesh ths EXAE. To pososto twn jenwn qesmikwn sto metoxiko kefalaio twn Ellhnikwn Xrhmatisthriwn jeperna pleon sto 64%, enw oi ependytes poy topoqethqhkan sthn etairia, eyelpistoyn afenos stis shmantikes apodoseis kai yperajies kai afeteroy sto endexomeno mias mellontikhs synergasias toy ellhnikoy xrhmatisthrioy me kapoio jeno xrhmatisthrio.

    Emeis milame me ola ta megala eyrwpaika kai amerikanika xrhmatisthria kai diereynoyme meqodoys synergasias poy qa mporoysan na anaptyjoyn peraiterw thn ellhnikh agora. Wstoso, ayth th stigmh den exoyme kapoia protash sta xeria mas, oyte apo to NYSE-Euronext, oyte apo kapoio allo xrhmatisthrio.

    Anaforika me th synergasia mas me ta xrhmatisthria ths notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs, ta sxedia mas einai gnwsta edw kai kairo. Qa prepei omws na ginei antilhpto oti sthn perioxh ayth ta pragmata einai kapws pio arga kai den kinoyntai me thn idia taxythta poy kinoyntai sth Dytikh Eyrwph. Ta xrhmatisthria ths notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs einai ws epi to pleiston kratika kai xreiazontai xrono gia th lhch apofasewn.

    Ayto poy fainetai na proxwra prwto, einai to xrhmatisthrio ths Slobenias. Hdh, metoxoi poy katexoyn to 65% toy Xrhmatisthrioy ths Lioympliana, exoyn prokhryjei dieqnh diagwnismo gia thn proselkysh strathgikoy ependyth. Emeis ekdhlwsame kai epishmws to endiaferon mas kai ypoballame prosfora gia symmetoxh sthn prwth fash toy diagwnismoy. Efoson epityxoyme kai perasoyme sthn epomenh fash, qa pragmatopoihqei to due diligence kai sth synexeia qa ypobaloyme thn oristikh prosfora mas.

    ER: Sxetika me thn ekqesh toy oikoy FTSE kai to endexomeno ypobaqmishs ths ellhnikhs agoras apo aneptygmenh se anaptyssomenh, yparxei kapoio problhma;

    AP: Kapoia apo ta qemata poy exei qesei o oikos FTSE einai swsta kai pragmati sthn ellhnikh agora yparxoyn idiaiterothtes se sxesh me tis anaptygmenes agores toy ejwterikoy. Me thn efarmogh omws ths odhgias MiFID, ta perissotera apo ayta ta diaforetika stoixeia teinoyn na ekleicoyn.

    Ontws, loipon, sthn teleytaia toy anakoinwsh o oikos FTSE dhlwne pws h ellhnikh agora ejakoloyqei na mhn plhroi kapoia apo ta basika krithria kai ws ek toytoy paramenei se watch list ews thn epomenh ajiologhsh. Arketes apo aytes tis ekkremothtes exoyn hdh dromologhqei. Anaferw, gia paradeigma, tis ejwxrhmatisthriakes synallages (off exchange transactions), ton daneismo titlwn (stock borrowing) kai tis anoixtes pwlhseis (short selling). Qewrw, loipon, oti den qa yparxei problhma ypobaqmishs ths agoras mas.

    [04] Metanasteytikh politikh

    Sygkritikh ereyna anamesa se 28 xwres gia thn entajh twn metanastwn h opoia dienerghqhke apo ton Organismo Metanasteytikhs Politikhs kai paroysiasthke sto plaisio toy tritoy eqnikoy dialogoy poy filojenhqhke apo ton Synhgoro toy Polith, emfanizei thn Ellada sto qema ths entajhs twn metanastwn na ypoleipetai apo alles eyrwpaikes xwres kai dh mesogeiakes, opws h Ispania kai h sxetika nea xwra ypodoxhs metanastwn, Portogalia.

    Ti mas diaforopoiei apo aytes tis xwres se qemata metanasteytikhs politikhs kai poy brisketai shmera h xwra se ayto to shmeio;

    O proedros toy Institoytoy Metanasteytikhs Politikhs (IMEPO), Alejandros Zabos, se synenteyjh toy sto APE-MPE, apanta se erwthmata sxetika me ayto to flegon gia oloklhro ton sygxrono kosmo, qema:

    - Ws pros to qema ths katatajhs ths Elladas se xamhles qeseis basei ayths ths Ekqeshs prepei na epishmanoyme orismena pragmata kai na laboyme ypoch tis idiaiterothtes kaqe xwras. Paradeigmatos xarin, enas deikths poy orizetai gia na deis an mia xwra exei proxwrhsei se qemata metanasteytikhs politikhs einai kai to pososto iqageneias poy exei xorhghqei se allodapoys. H Ellada ontws exei xamhlo pososto kai epomenws xamhlh baqmologhsh se ayth thn Ekqesh. Gia na parei iqageneia qa prepei o allodapos sthn Ellada na symplhrwsei -ektos twn allwn proypoqesewn- kai 10 xronia nomimhs paramonhs sth xwra. Omws, h katagrafh sthn Ellada twn metanastwn jekinhse to 1998, epomenws ta stoixeia basei twn opoiwn mporei na pistopoihqei h nomimh paramonh toys sth xwra, molis fetos symplhrwnontai. Ta prohgoymena xronia elaxistoi mporoysan na apodeijoyn oti eixan zhsei mia dekaetia sthn Ellada. Oi alles eyrwpaikes xwres poy exoyn mikrotero xroniko orio gia th nomimopoihsh toys (pente xronia), exoyn megalyterh paradosh sto qema, afoy logw ths apoikiokratias -se xwres afrikanikes, kyriws- , oi perissoteroi metanastes se aytes proerxontai apo tis palaies apoikies kai einai pio ejoikeiwmenoi me th glwssa kai tis synhqeies ths xwras ypodoxhs, epomenws einai kai pio eykolo na entaxqoyn se aytes.

    Ena allo paradeigma, einai h politikh symmetoxh twn metanastwn, opoy kai se ayto to shmeio h xwra mas emfanizetai na ysterei. Xwres me makra paradosh sth metanasteysh exoyn domhsei metanasteytikes koinothtes wste aytes na exoyn qesmikh ekproswphsh sta organa, na exoyn eklejei atoma poy toys ekproswpoyn mesa apo qesmikes diadikasies kai symmetexoyn se qesmika organa, mesw twn opoiwn syndialegontai me thn politeia. Sthn Ellada den exei epiteyxqei akomh h qesmikh ekproswphsh twn metanastwn. Twra ginetai mia prospaqeia se ayton ton tomea. Mia allh diastash einai oti h pleionothta twn metanastwn, sthn Ellada exoyn eiselqei paranoma sth xwra. Epomenws xreiazetai xronos gia na akoloyqhsoyn th diadikasia entajhs. Opoios exei mpei me nomimh diadikasia einai eykolotero na entaxqei. Stis boreies xwres, to 90% twn metanastwn mpainoyn mesw nomimwn diadikasiwn.

    - Ma kai sthn Ispania gnwrizoyme oti mpainoyn sth xwra kaqhmerina paranomoi metanastes, xrhsimopoiwntas ploiaria ths symforas apo tis boreio-afrikanikes xwres me tragikes synepeies, afoy syxnotata jebrazontai stis aktes ptwmata laqrometanastwn poy den kataferan na ftasoyn stis ispanikes aktes.

    - Nai, h Ispania exei to idio problhma kai edw yparxei ena qema me toys deiktes. H Ispania monimopoihse perysi 600.000 metanastes. To qema einai pote ginetai h metrhsh metanastwn. Otan toys metras molis toys exeis nomimopoihsei, tote oi deiktes fainontai qetikoi, an ginei h metrhsh prin th nomimopoihsh tote qa emfanizotan megalos ariqmos mh-nomimwn metanastwn. Omws, opws eipe kai o Gallos ypoyrgos Metanasteyshs Mpris Ortfe, poy episkefthke th xwra mas kai ton ypoyrgo Eswterikwn, mia xwra den qa prepei na nomimopoiei metanastes, an den symfwnhsoyn kai oi alles xwres ths EE, me to skeptiko oti oi metanastes apo th stigmh poy ftanoyn se mia eyrwpaikh xwra mporoyn na perasoyn kai se alles, epomenws to qema ayto tis afora oles.

    - An hsastan metanasths shmera sthn Ellada, qa hsastan eyxaristhmenos apo th zwh sas edw;

    - Ola einai sxetika. An eixa erqei me nomimo tropo sthn Ellada kai eixa afhsei pisw sthn patrida moy dyskoles synqhkes epibiwshs, tote sigoyra qa eniwqa kalytera kai parallhla qa diekdikoysa panta to kalytero. Ekei poy yparxei problhma sthn Ellada einai h kaqysterhsh poy shmeiwnetai sthn ekdosh kai ananewsh twn adeiwn diamonhs metanastwn kai idiaitera se orismenes perioxes opoy yparxei megalh sygkentrwsh.

    H aitia einai prwton, oti yparxoyn metanastes twn opoiwn ta eggrafa den apodeiknyoyn oti briskontai sth xwra nomima. Deyteron, logw fortoy ergasias twn ypallhlwn kai dedomenoy oti oi metanastes den einai ``eykoloi pelates'' gia tis dhmosies yphresies (den miloyn eparkws ta ellhnika), h synennohsh den einai eykolh afoy den yparxoyn kai ypallhloi poy na miloyn sth glwssa to metanasth. Etsi, dhmioyrgeitai entash. Oi ypallhloi apofeygoyn tis yphresies poy exoyn na kanoyn me metanastes kai sth qesh toys erxontai epoxikoi, me apotelesma na mhn yparxei h aparaithth gnwsh toy qematos alla kai synexeia stis sygkekrimenes yphresies. Fysika, yparxei kai to problhma ths genikoterhs grafeiokratias. Twra ginontai prospaqeies na aplopoihqoyn oi diadikasies me thn Epitroph poy exei systaqei sto ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn gia ayto to skopo.

    To IMEPO symmetexei me alles xwres sto programma INDI me skopo th dhmioyrgia one stop stand, dhladh enos xwroy opoy qa ejyphretoyntai oles oi ypoqeseis twn metanastwn. Elpizoyme pws mexri ton Oktwbrio qa exei oloklhrwqei h diadikasia.

    - Ti omws symbainei me toys paranomoys metanastes sthn Ellada;

    - Kamia xwra den qelei perissoteroys metanastes apo osoys exei anagkh. Etsi, gia na lyqei to problhma, dyo lyseis yparxoyn: Prwton h apotroph toys. Omws, h Ellada, poy exei ta megalytera se mhkos qalassia synora, den mporei na prostateysei tis mh nomimes eisodoys sth xwra. H allh lysh einai h epistrofh toys stis omores xwres apo opoy perasan gia na ftasoyn mexri emas. Ayto apaitei diakratikes symfwnies, opws me xwres poy qeloyn na exoyn kalh sxesh me thn EE. Trith lysh: h epanaprowqhsh toys sth xwra katagwghs toys. Omws, se ayth thn periptwsh yparxei to problhma twn tajidiwtikwn h allwn eggrafwn toys. Polloi apo toys paranomoys metanastes exoyn katastrecei ayta ta eggrafa kai kata synepeia einai adynaton na steileis pisw kapoion xwris xartia.

    An, twra, toys nomimopoihseis oloys, einai sa na dineis to mhnyma na erqoyn oloi kai se ayth thn periptwsh qa yparjei sth xwra megalo problhma ergasias oxi mono metajy twn metanastwnµ, alla kai twn Ellhnwn ergazomenwn me xamhla hmeromisqia. Symfwna me prosfath meleth, an erqoyn 200.000 metanastes sth xwra h anergia qa ektojeytei sta ych kai qa meiwqoyn apo 25 ews 55% ta merokamata. Etsi, qa yparjei mia anadianomh toy eisodhmatos yper twn ploysioterwn kai kata twn ftwxoterwn. Qa dhmioyrghqei koinwniko problhma sth xwra apo toys anqrwpoys poy den qa briskoyn ergasia.

    - Yparxei omws to qema toy sebasmoy twn Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn, ta opoia polles fores katapatwntai, opws stis prosfates periptwseis sthn Patra kai thn Hgoymenitsa.

    - Toys episkefqhka egw o idios stoys kataylismoys toys, me politikoys foreis kai foreis metanastwn sthn Patra, prin apo eji mhnes, otan ta pragmata htan pio hrema. Oi metanastes den hqelan na metakinhqoyn apo toys kataylismoys poy eixan sthsei sto limani gia na pane alloy kai na zhsoyn se kalyteres synqhkes, opoy toso h Perifereia, oso kai h Nomarxia toys paraxwroyse ektos perioxhs toy limanioy. Oi metanastes aytoi hqelan na einai sto limani gia na mporoyn opote broyn thn eykairia na fygoyn laqraia me ta ploia gia thn Italia kai apo ekei se alles eyrwpaikes xwres, opoy oi synqhkes einai kalyteres. Omws, h pleiochfia apo aytoys gyrizei pisw afoy oi Italoi gnwrizoyn to problhma kai stoys ekteneis elegxoys poy kanoyn, toys anakalyptoyn. Etsi, exoyme 2.500 metanastes mesa sto limani kai oi polites ths Patras antidroyn.

    - Pws nomizete pws mporei na antimetwpistei to problhma ths metanasteyshs genikotera se mia epoxh opoy ta metanasteytika reymata apo tis xwres toy mh anaptygmenoy kosmoy fainetai na mh stamatoyn;

    - Einai ena qema poy prepei na to doyme me thn EE. Giati afenos den mporoyme na toys krathsoyme, afeteroy den mporoyme na toys steiloyme pisw. An mia xwra toys dextei tote qa epelqei rhjh me thn EE.

    Sthn Patra eixe protaqei h lysh na fraxtei to limani wste na dyskoleyetai h apodrash toys. Omws, yphrjan antidraseis paragontwn ths Topikhs Aytodioikhshs, kaqws den hqelan na parempodizetai h bolta twn Patrinwn sthn paralia. Telika h parembash ths Astynomias einai h monh lysh.

    - Telika posoi einai oi metanastes sthn Ellada, giati polla antikroyomena akoygontai gia ton teliko ariqmo toys;

    - Oi adeies en isxyi shmera einai peripoy 500.000 kai alles 150.000 briskontai se ekkremothta, synolo 650.000 nomimoi metanastes.

    Gia toys mh nomimoys metanastes yparxei mia ektimhsh poy basizetai se stoixeia ta opoia sygkentrwnontai apo ta sxoleia kai thn Topikh Aytodioikhsh. Se ena deigma peripoy 200 Dhmwn me synoliko plhqysmo ena ekatommyrio katoikoys, prokyptei enas ariqmos mh nomimwn metanastwn ycoys 180.000 me 250.000, ariqmos poy epibebaiwnetai kai apo ta stoixeia poy sygkentrwqhkan apo ta sxoleia. Dhladh, basei twn gennhsewn sth xwra kai me dedomeno oti se kaqe enan nomimo metanasth antistoixoyn 7 me 8 mh nomimoi, prokyptei pws o telikos ariqmos ftanei peripoy toys 250.000. Dhladh oloi mazi den jepernoyn to ena ekatommyrio.

    - Pws pisteyete pws prepei na antimetwpistei to qema twn paidiwn metanastwn poy exoyn gennhqei sthn Ellada alla molis symplhrwsoyn to 18o etos ths hlikias toys (prosfata doqhke paratash mexri to 21o) prepei h na fygoyn apo th xwra h na broyn amesws ergodoth;

    - H protash toy IMEPO pros thn politeia einai pws ta paidia twn metanastwn poy exoyn gennhqei kai megalwsei sthn Ellada, exoyn paei sxoleio kai exoyn symplhrwsei to 18o etos ths hlikias toys, prepei me aithsh toys na zhtoyn kai na lambanoyn thn ellhnikh iqageneia. H epilogh prepei na einai dikh toys. Na niwqoyn dhladh Ellhnes, na mporoyn na pane sto panepisthmio, sto strato, na exoyn to dikaiwma toy eklegein kai toy eklegesqai. Omws, den qa mporei h xorhghsh ths iqageneias pros aytoys na dikaiologei kai th xorhghsh iqageneias kai stoys goneis toys.

    - Yparxoyn problhmata sthn kathgoria twn epi makron diamenontes metanastwn kai poia einai ayta;

    - O nomos problepei gia ayth thn kathgoria metanastwn th nomimh paramonh epi pentaetia sth xwra, dhladh na exei mia ergasia poy apodeiknyetai kai pistopoihtiko gnwshs ths ellhnikhs glwssas. To pistopoihtiko dinetai meta apo 150 wres dwrean didaskalias ths glwssas kai stoixeiwn istorias kai politismoy ths xwras. Etsi pairnoyn adeia makras diamonhs xwris na xreiazetai na thn ananewnoyn kaqe xrono kai ejomoiwnontai ta dikaiwmata toys me ayta twn Ellhnwn ektos apo ayto ths symmetoxhs se politika drwmena. Isws argotera -opws exei pei kai o ypoyrgos- na mporoyn na symmetexoyn se topikes ekloges.

    - Kai sto qema ths oikogeneiakhs synenwshs fainetai na ysteroyme se sxesh me alles eyrwpaikes xwres...

    - Apo stoixeia toy ypoyrgeioy Apasxolhshs mporoyme na doyme posoi metanastes lambanoyn oikogeneiako epidoma. Se synolo 360.000 Ellhnwn poy dikaioyntai epidomatos oi nomimoi allodapoi anerxontai stis 40.000, dhladh to 11,11%. Alla kai apo to synolo twn drasewn toy OAED, 12.500 metanastes lambanoyn epidoma anergias , dhladh to 9,45%. Ta pososta twn metanastwn aytwn twn kathgoriwn einai ychla se sxesh me to pososto toy plhqysmoy toys sth xwra giati oi metanastes poy katagrafontai se aytes tis listes einai oloi ergasiaka energoi. Den ypologizontai sta stoixeia p.x. hlikiwmenoi h mwra.

    Epishs oson afora toys asfalismenoys sta Tameia, gia ton mhna Noembrio toy 2006, to synolo twn allodapwn asfalismenwn, sto IKA kai to ETAM mono, se koines epixeirhseis (ektos oikodomwn) anerxetai stoys 259.496 ek twn opoiwn 189.632 antres kai 69.864 gynaikes.

    Pera apo ta apta stoixeia, ta problhmata ths kaqhmerinothtas kai to genikotero qema ths metanasteyshs poy h xwra mas moirazetai me polles alles, to qema poy apasxolei ayth th stigmh to IMEPO, ton proedro kai toys synergates toy einai h analhch ths diorganwshs toy 3oy Dieqnoys Foroym Metanasteyshs kai Anaptyjhs poy qa pragmatopoihqei sthn Aqhna to 2009. Emfash qa doqei apo ellhnikhs pleyras sto qema ths ajiopoihshs ths diasporas se sxesh me th metanasteysh kai o neos rolos poy kaleitai na diadramatisei.

    [05] Sarwtikh nikh

    Pososto 70,22% sygkentrwnei o diadoxos toy Blantimir Poytin Ntmitri Mentbientef stis rwsikes proedrikes ekloges me katametrhmeno to 99% twn chfwn, anakoinwqhke apo thn Eklogikh Epitroph.

    To 2004, o Poytin eixe sygkentrwsei pososto 71,31%.

    O ypochfios toy Kommoynistikoy Kommatos Gkenanti Zioygkanof erxetai deyteros me 17,77%, o ypereqnikisths Blantimir Zirinofski 9,37% kai o filoeyrwpaios Antrei Mpogkntanof 1,29%.

    O 42xronos Mentbientef qa orkistei stis 7 Maioy kai qa einai o tritos proedros ths metasobietikhs Rwsias, meta ton Mporis Geltsin (1991-1999) kai ton Blantimir Poytin (200-2008)

    O Gkenanti Zioygkanof dhlwse oti qa prosfygei sta dikasthria gia parabiaseis poy feretai na eginan stis proedrikes ekloges, metedwse to praktoreio eidhsewn Itar-Tas. "Exoyme stoixeia gia noqeia twn eklogwn kai qa pame sto dikasthrio", dhlwse o Zioygkanof symfwna me to Tas.

    Dhlwseis toy neoy proedroy

    O neos proedros ths Rwsias, Ntmitri Mentbientef dhlwse oti h politikh toy qa einai "akribhs synexish" ths poreias toy Blantimir Poytin, perilambanomenhs fysika ths yperaspishs twn rwsikwn symferontwn ston pagkosmio stibo.

    "Nomizw oti qa einai mia akribhs synexish toy idioy dromoy poy akoloyqhqhke apo ton Blantimir Poytin" dhlwse o k. Mentbientef apantwntas se dhmosiografoys.

    O k. Mentbientef anefere oti qa sxhmatisei th nea kybernhsh ths Rwsias kai thn dioikhsh toy Kremlinoy se synergasia me ton k. Poytin , o opoios opws anefere kathghrhmatika qa einai o neos prwqypoyrgos ths xwras. "Exoyme megalh empistosynh o enas ston allon" eipe.

    O neos rwsos proedros tonise oti einai o proedros ths Rwsias kai oxi o prwqypoyrgos poy kateyqynei thn ejwterikh politikh , me bash to rwsiko Syntagma.

    Katalhgontas o k. Mentbientef dhlwse oti oi prwtes toy episkeceis ws proedroy ths Rwsias qa einai stis prwhn Dhmokraties ths prwnh ESSD , giati oi perioxes aytes einai mia apo tis proteraiothtes ths rwsikhs ejwterikhs politikhs.


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