THE TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS
SIGNED AT SÈVRES
AUGUST 10, 1920
The Turkish Government recognises the right of the Allied
Powers to bring before military tribunals persons accused of
having committed acts in violation of the laws and customs of
war. Such persons shall, if found guilty, be sentenced to punishments laid down by law. This provision will apply notwithstanding any proceedings or prosecution before a tribunal in Turkey.
or in the territory of her allies.
The Turkish Government shall hand over to the Allied Powers
or to such one of them as shall so request all persons accused of
having committed an act in violation of the laws and customs of
war, who are specified either by name or by the rank, office or
employment which they held under the Turkish authorities.
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of one
of the Allied Powers shall be brought before the military tribunals
of that Power.
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of more
than one of the Allied Powers shall be brought before military
tribunals composed of members of the military tribunals of the
In every case the accused shall be entitled to name his own
The Turkish Government undertakes to furnish all documents
and information of every kind, the production of which may be
considered necessary to ensure the full knowledge of the incriminating acts, the prosecution of offenders and the just appreciation of responsibility.
The provisions of Articles 226 to 228 apply similarly to the
Governments of the States to which territory belonging to the
former Turkish Empire has been or may be assigned, in so far as
concerns persons accused of having committed acts contrary to
the laws and customs of war who are in the territory or at the
disposal of such States.
If the persons in question have acquired the nationality of one
of the said States, the Government of such State undertakes to
take, at the request of the Power concerned and in agreement
with it, or upon the joint request of all the Allied Powers, all the
measures necessary to ensure the prosecution and punishment of
The Turkish Government undertakes to hand over to the
Allied Powers the persons whose surrender may be required by
the latter as being responsible for the massacres committed
during the continuance of the state of war on territory which
formed part of the Turkish Empire on August 1, 1914.
The Allied Powers reserve to themselves the right to designate
the tribunal which shall try the persons so accused, and the
Turkish Government undertakes to recognise such tribunal.
In the event of the League of Nations having created in sufficient time a tribunal competent to deal with the said massacres,
the Allied Powers reserve to themselves the right to bring the
accused persons mentioned above before such tribunal, and
the Turkish Government undertakes equally to recognise such
The provisions of Article 228 apply to the cases dealt with in