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Voice of America, 25 June 1996

Voice of America Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY PHIL HAYNES (WASHINGTON)
  • [02] BOSNIA SITREP (L-RERUN) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)
  • [03] BOSNIA/SERBS (S) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)
  • [04] DOLE/RUSSIA-BOSNIA (L) BY JIM MALONE (WASHINGTON)
  • [05] EURO FOOTBALL (S-ONLY) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (LONDON)
  • [06] G-7/E-U (L ONLY) BY JOHN FRASER (BRUSSELS)
  • [07] TURKEY/KURDS (L ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)
  • [08] YUGO WAR CRIMES (L) BY GILLIAN SHARPE (THE HAGUE)

  • [01] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY PHIL HAYNES (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09646
    TELEPHONE=619-0932
    EDITOR=GARY EDQUIST
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M ON TUESDAY, JUNE 25TH //

    INTRO: EDITORIAL WRITERS FOR MANY OF THE LEADING U-S NEWSPAPERS HAVE REKINDLED THE DEBATE ABOUT THE FUTURE OF THE MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS IN THE WAKE OF THE WEEKEND ARAB SUMMIT IN CAIRO. AMONG OTHER CONCERNS WRITTEN ABOUT TODAY ARE THE FATE OF THE NORTHERN IRELAND PEACE TALKS, THREATENED U-S SANCTIONS AGAINST COUNTRIES THAT TRADE WITH SO-CALLED ROGUE COUNTRIES, AND THAT LATEST WHITE HOUSE SCANDAL SOME PEOPLE ARE CALLING "FILEGATE." FOR A CLOSER LOOK AT TUESDAY'S PRESS OPINION PAGES, HERE IS ________ WITH THE U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: THE WASHINGTON TIMES SUMS UP THE THINKING OF SEVERAL PROMINENT NEWSPAPERS, SAYING "ABOUT THE ONLY THING THAT MOST ARAB NATIONS ... CAN AGREE ON THESE DAYS IS THEIR ANIMOSITY TOWARD THE NEW ISRAELI GOVERNMENT." THE EDITORIAL CONTINUES:

    VOICE: "... WHAT EMERGED [FROM THE WEEKEND SUMMIT] WAS NOT A NEW PLAN FOR ARAB UNITY OR EVEN CONSTRUCTIVE TALK ON THE PROBLEMS THAT DIVIDE THE VARIOUS NATIONS, BUT A SINGLE-VOICED THREAT TO ISRAEL THAT IT HAD BETTER SHAPE UP AND FLY RIGHT [ACT PROPERLY] -- OR ELSE... [BEGIN OPT] THOSE DEMANDS, OF COURSE, PURPOSEFULLY UNDERMINE THE ENTIRE IDEA OF NEGOTIATION -- NAMELY THAT TWO OR MORE PARTIES ARE INVOLVED, EACH WITH ITS OWN AGENDA, AND THAT COMPROMISE THROUGH DELIBERATION WILL EVENTUALLY RESULT IN AN ACCEPTABLE ARRANGEMENT FOR ALL SIDES... [END OPT] THE ARAB WORLD HAS CALLED ON ISRAEL TO CALM ITS FEARS, BUT WHAT THE CAIRO SUMMIT HAS DONE HAS MAINLY RAISED TENSIONS AND FUELED SUSPICIONS."

    TEXT: TODAY'S BOSTON GLOBE THINKS THERE WERE UNDERLYING REASONS FOR THE ARAB SUMMIT -- SOMETHING MORE THAN AN OCCASION TO ISSUE AN ULTIMATUM TO THE NEW ISRAELI GOVERNMENT.

    VOICE: "THE FINAL COMMUNIQUE FROM LAST WEEKEND'S ARAB SUMMIT IN CAIRO, THREATENING DIRE RESULTS SHOULD ISRAEL STRAY FROM THE PEACE PROCESS, WAS AS PREMATURE AS IT WAS PREEMPTORY. WHY DIDN'T THE ARAB LEADERS DECIDE TO WAIT AND SEE WHAT ISRAEL'S NEW PRIME MINISTER, BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, ACTUALLY DOES RATHER THAN ASSUME THE WORST? [BEGIN OPT] BUT THEN, [MR.] NETANYAHU'S ELECTION WAS ONLY THE STATED REASON FOR HOLDING THE SUMMIT. AN UNDERLYING REASON WAS TO ADDRESS CONFLICTS AMONG THE ARABS THEMSELVES. HAD THEY WAITED FOR [PRIME MINISTER] NETANYAHU TO ACTUALLY DO SOMETHING AND IT TURNED OUT NOT TO BE AS BAD AS EXPECTED, THE ARAB SUMMIT MIGHT HAVE BEEN ROBBED OF ITS RAISON D'ETRE (ANY REASON FOR MEETING). [END OPT]

    TEXT: NEWSDAY, THE SUBURBAN NEW YORK DAILY ON LONG ISLAND, COUNSELS BOTH THE ARABS AND ISRAEL TO BACK AWAY FROM HARD-LINE POSITIONS, OR RISK "DERAILING" THE PEACE PROCESS:

    VOICE: "THE RESULTS OF THE PEACE PROCESS ARE BECOMING MORE TANGIBLE, WHILE THE DIFFICULTIES OF TAKING THE NEXT STEPS ARE BECOMING MORE OBVIOUS. AT THIS SENSITIVE MOMENT, ... THE WISEST POLICY WOULD BE FOR BOTH SIDES TO AVOID POLARIZING RHETORIC AND CONCENTRATE ON FINDING COMMON GROUND. [BEGIN OPT] THERE HAS BEEN TOO MUCH PROGRESS ALREADY AND THE STAKES ARE TOO HIGH FOR EITHER THE ARAB GOVERNMENTS TO ASSUME THE WORST OR THE GOVERNMENT OF BENJAMIN NETANYAHU TO GO OFF IN A HUFF IN REACTION TO THE ARAB SUMMIT." [END OPT]

    TEXT: SINN FEIN, THE POLITIAL WING OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY, HAS NOT BEEN INVITED TO THE RENEWED TALKS ON THE FUTURE OF NORTHERN IRELAND BECAUSE THE I-R-A REFUSES TO DECLARE A FORMAL CEASEFIRE. BUT THE SAINT LOUIS POST-DISPATCH SAYS EVEN WITHOUT SINN FEIN'S PARTICIPATION, THE TALKS MUST GO ON:

    VOICE: "...ALREADY EXCLUDED FROM THE TALKS BECAUSE THE I-R-A WOULD NOT FORMALLY ANNOUNCE A CEASEFIRE -- THOUGH ONE HAS BEEN IN EFFECT FOR FOUR MONTHS -- SINN FEIN CANNOT BE ADMITTED NOW OR EVEN IN THE NEAR FUTURE... [BEGIN OPT] WHETHER IT IS POSSIBLE TO MOVE FORWARD WITHOUT AN I-R-A WILLING TO ACQUIESCE TO THE PROTRACTED PROCESS OF DIALOGUE, NEGOTIATION AND COMPROMISE IS UNCERTAIN, BUT THE OTHERS MUST TRY ANYWAY. [END OPT] THE I-R-A CAN'T BE ALLOWED TO VETO PEACE."

    TEXT: [BEGIN OPT] TODAY'S NEW YORK TIMES THINKS SINN FEIN LEADER GERRY ADAMS SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN THE PEACE TALKS, BUT THAT HE SHOULD ALSO SPEAK OUT AGAINST THE I-R-A'S CONTINUING CAMPAIGN OF VIOLENCE -- INCLUDING THIS MONTH'S BOMBING IN MANCHESTER, ENGLAND. THE TIMES SAYS MR. ADAMS RISKS MAKING HIMSELF IRRELEVANT TO THE PEACE PROCESS BY FAILING TO DENOUNCE THE BOMBINGS:

    VOICE: "HE (MR. ADAMS) SHOULD MAKE HIS DISAPPROVAL CLEAR AND CALL PUBLICY FOR THE HAWKS IN THE I-R-A TO REFRAIN FROM TERROR TACTICS. IF HE CAN MAKE THAT BREAK, THEN EVEN IN THE ABSENCE OF A CEASEFIRE HE SHOULD BE SEATED WITH OTHER LEADERS IN BELFAST, LEAVING THE I-R-A OUT IN THE COLD WHERE IT BELONGS." [END OPT]

    TEXT: NOT ALL U-S PAPERS AGREE THE U-S CONGRESS' MOVE TO IMPOSE SANCTIONS AGAINST COUNTRIES THAT TRADE WITH LIBYA, IRAN AND CUBA. THE ACTION HAS DRAWN CRITICISM FROM SOME OF AMERICA'S ALLIES AND TRADING PARTNERS, BUT THE SAINT LOUIS POST-DISPATCH SAYS IT IS A RIGHT MOVE:

    VOICE: "...EVEN THOUGH EUROPE IS UNHAPPY, THE COURSE OF ACTION IS CORRECT... THE EUROPEANS MAY COMPLAIN OF ANY LIMITS AT ALL ON THE FREEDOM TO MAKE MONEY SUPPYING IRAN WITH ENERGY EQUIPMENT, BUT THE PENALTIES FOR THEIR DOING SO ARE RATHER SLIGHT. THE MAIN POINT OF THE [SANCTIONS THREAT] IS TO ESTABLISH THE PRECEDENT THAT AMERICA WILL ACT TO SLOW DOWN ROGUE REGIMES... SOONER OR LATER, EUROPE MUST JOIN THE EFFORT TO SLOW DOWN THE WORLD'S ROGUE POWERS OR FACE THE CONSEQUENCES. AMERICA IS RIGHT TO LEAD THE CHARGE."

    TEXT: THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE OFFERS AN OPPOSING VIEW. IT SAYS THAT WHILE IT "MAY BE POLITICALLY POPULAR TO ASSAIL" CUBA, IRAN AND LIBYA, "IT IS RISKY BUSINESS".

    VOICE: "...THE METHODS BEING EMPLOYED BY CONGRESS ARE CLUMSLY, ALIENATING FRIENDLY TRADING PARTNERS AND INVITING RETALIATION... INSTEAD OF DIPLOMACY, IT HAS OPTED TO STRONG-ARM OUR ALLIES. IT PROBABLY WON'T WORK. WORSE, IT MAY END UP HURTING OUR FRIENDS AND OUR FIRMS MORE THAN THE INTENDED TDARGETS."

    TEXT: THE FUROR CONTINUES OVER HUNDREDS OF CONFIDENTIAL F-B-I BACKGROUND FILES ON FORMER REPUBLICAN ADMINISTRATION EMPLOYEES THAT TURNED UP IN THE CLINTON WHITE HOUSE. BOTH THE MEDIA AND PRESIDENT CLINTON'S REPUBLICAN OPPONENTS ARE DEMANDING ANSWERS. THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR IS AMONG THEM:

    VOICE: "THE CONSTANT CROSSFIRE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN WON'T MAKE IT ANY EASIER TO PUT THE TRUTH BEFORE THE PUBLIC. BUT CLEAR ANSWERS ARE NEEDED, FOR REASONS THAT GO BEYOND POLITICS. WHETHER THE ERROR INVOLVED WAS INNOCENT OR MALEVOLENT, IT RAISES BASIC QUESTIONS OF PRIVACY AND THE MISUSE OF GOVERNMENT POWER."

    TEXT: [BEGIN OPT] FINALLY, FROM TODAY'S PORTLAND PRESS HERALD IN MAINE COMES A FIRM CONDEMNATION OF RACISM, PARTICULARLY A RECENT INCIDENT IN THAT NEW ENGLAND STATE:

    VOICE: "A BURNING CROSS, WITH ITS ROOTS IN TERROR AND DEATH, DESECRATES EVERY IDEAL OUR NATIONS HOLDS OUT TO A WORLD SLOW TO END OLD ENMITES AND ABANDON HATE. WHEN A CROSS BURNS IN MAINE, HOWEVER, AS IT BURNED SATURDAY IN AUGUSTA, DESECRATION IS PAIRED WITH DISBELIEF. HOW COULD SUCH AN ACT OF SACRILEGE, SO ALIEN TO THIS STATE'S DEEPEST VALUES, HAPPEN HERE? THE ANSWER, SADLY ENOUGH, IS THAT BIGOTRY RECOGNIZES NO BORDERS." [END OPT]

    TEXT: AND WITH THAT [BEGIN OPT] ADMONISHMENT FROM THE PORTLAND PRESS HERALD, [END OPT] WE CONCLUDE TODAY'S EDITION OF U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.
    NEB/PCH/GE
    25-Jun-96 12:12 PM EDT (1612 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [02] BOSNIA SITREP (L-RERUN) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-199270
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // RERUNNING WITH CORRECT CR NUMBER //

    INTRO: THE FIRST NATIONWIDE ELECTIONS IN POST-WAR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA ARE TO BE HELD SEPTEMBER 14TH. V-O-A CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY ALSO REPORTS THERE ARE GROWING INDICATIONS BOSNIAN-SERB LEADER, RADOVAN KARADZIC, WILL RESIGN BEFORE THE VOTING, ALTHOUGH HE MAY NOT GIVE UP ALL HIS POWER.

    TEXT: THE CHAIRMAN OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE, FLAVIO COTTI, ANNOUNCED THE ELECTION DATE AT THE O-S-C-E HEADQUARTERS IN VIENNA. BUT, MR. COTTI, THE SWISS FOREIGN MINISTER, SAYS MINIMAL CONDITIONS FOR THE FIRST, NATIONWIDE VOTING IN POST-WAR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA DO NOT YET EXIST. HE SAYS THE CONDITIONS MUST IMPROVE BEFORE THE ELECTIONS.

    THE O-S-C-E CHAIRMAN WARNS IF ACTIONS ARE NOT TAKEN NOW AGAINST INDICTED WAR CRIMINALS, THE ELECTIONS COULD LEGITIMIZE EXTREME NATIONALISM AND ETHNIC CLEANSING.

    MR. COTTI CALLED FOR THE REMOVAL FROM POWER OF BOSNIAN-SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC, WHO FACES TWO SEPARATE INDICTMENTS BY THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL IN THE HAGUE.

    A SENIOR BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIAL, MOMCILO KRASJISNIK, SAYS MR. KARADZIC IS READY TO GIVE UP HIS POWER IF THAT IS IN THE INTEREST OF THE SERB PEOPLE. BUT, SERB SOURCES HAVE INDICATED MR. KARADZIC WOULD REMAIN THE LEADER OF HIS HARD-LINE, NATIONALIST POLITICAL PARTY. AT THE SAME TIME, THERE IS NO SUGGESTION THE SERBS WILL EXTRADITE MR. KARADZIC TO THE HAGUE TO BE PROSECUTED FOR ALLEGED WAR CRIMES.

    THE MUSLIM-LED BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT HAS THREATENED TO BOYCOTT THE NATIONWIDE ELECTIONS IF MR. KARADZIC REMAINS IN POWER. INTERNATIONAL OFFICIALS AGREE WITH THE GOVERNMENT THE SERB LEADER IS THE MAIN OBSTACLE TO FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS

    IN BELGRADE, YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT ZORAN LILIC WARNS YUGOSLAVIA WILL TAKE WHAT HE CALLS ALL NECESSARY MEASURES AGAINST BOSNIAN-SERB INSTITUTIONS, AND INDIVIDUALS, WHO JEOPARDIZE THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT IF MR. KARADZIC REFUSES TO STEP DOWN.

    MR. LILIC WAS CLEARLY SPEAKING FOR POWERFUL SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. MR. MILOSEVIC AND A KEY REPRESENTATIVE HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN INTENSE TALKS ABOUT MR. KARADZIC'S FUTURE WITH SENIOR BOSNIAN-SERB OFFICIALS AND WITH THE TOP INTERNATIONAL OFFICIAL IN SARAJEVO, CARL BILDT.

    MR. BILDT HAS TOLD BOSNIAN SERBS AND MR. MILOSEVIC INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS WILL BE RE-IMPOSED AGAINST THE SERBS AND YUGOSLAVIA UNLESS RADOVAN KARADZIC RESIGNS WITHIN SEVERAL DAYS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/WC/JWH/RAE
    25-Jun-96 11:26 AM EDT (1526 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [03] BOSNIA/SERBS (S) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-199263
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: HARDLINE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC IS SAID TO BE READY TO RESIGN AS PRESIDENT -- IF THAT IS IN THE INTEREST OF THE SERB PEOPLE. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: A SENIOR BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIAL, MOMCILO KRAJISNIK, SAYS MR. KARADZIC, WHO FACES INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES CHARGES, IS PREPARED TO GIVE UP POWER FOR THE GOOD OF THE SERB PEOPLE.

    THE SERBS HAVE BEEN WARNED THAT INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS WOULD BE REIMPOSED AGAINST THEM AND YUGOSLAVIA, UNLESS MR. KARADZIC STEPS DOWN WITHIN THE NEXT FEW DAYS.

    WHILE MR. KARADZIC MAY BE READY TO RESIGN AS THE (BOSNIAN) SERB PRESIDENT, HE MIGHT REMAIN HEAD OF HIS POLITICAL PARTY AND BE ABLE TO INFLUENCE THE VOTING IN THE FIRST NATIONWIDE ELECTIONS TO BE HELD IN POST-WAR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA.

    SERB SOURCES HAVE INDICATED THAT MR. KARADZIC COULD BE REPLACED AS THE (BOSNIAN) SERB POLITICAL LEADER BY ANOTHER HARDLINE BOSNIAN SERB NATIONALIST, ALEKSA BUHA.

    THE LATEST INDICATIONS THAT MR. KARADZIC WILL SOON RESIGN FOLLOW INTENSE TALKS INVOLVING SENIOR BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIALS, INTERNATIONAL OFFICIAL CARL BILDT AND SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. (SIGNED)
    NEB/WC/PCF/KL
    25-Jun-96 9:20 AM EDT (1320 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [04] DOLE/RUSSIA-BOSNIA (L) BY JIM MALONE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-199299
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE BOB DOLE WENT ON THE ATTACK TUESDAY, CRITICIZING THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S POLICIES TOWARD RUSSIA AND BOSNIA. V-O-A'S POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS THAT MR. DOLE DELIVERED THE FOREIGN POLICY CRITICISMS IN A SPEECH TO THE PHILADELPHIA WORLD AFFAIRS COUNCIL.

    TEXT: ON RUSSIA, MR. DOLE SAYS HE HOPES THAT PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN WILL WIN RE-ELECTION. BUT HE SAYS PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS A NAIVE AND ROMANTIC VIEW OF U-S -RUSSIAN RELATIONS AND SAYS THE PRESIDENT HAS DANGEROUSLY IGNORED NEW SIGNS OF RUSSIAN NATIONALISM.

    MR. DOLE SAYS THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS BEEN DELIBERATELY SLOW ON EXPANDING NATO. HE SAYS IF HE WERE PRESIDENT HE WOULD URGE A SERIOUS DIALOGUE WITH RUSSIAN LEADERS ON LONGTERM RELATIONS WITH NATO. HE ALSO SAYS HE FAVORS ADMITTING POLAND, HUNGARY AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC INTO NATO BY 1998. ON BOSNIA, MR. DOLE SAYS THE ADMINISTRATION COULD HAVE AVOIDED SENDING IN U-S TROOPS IF THE PRESIDENT HAD GONE AHEAD AND LIFTED THE ARMS EMBARGO AGAINST BOSNIA AS MR. DOLE HAD URGED.

    /// DOLE ACT. ///

    AND IT SEEMS TO ME, AND OTHERS IN THE CONGRESS AND OUTSIDE THE CONGRESS, THAT UNLESS WE VIGOROUSLY MOVE TO TRAIN AND EQUIP THE BOSNIANS, THE U-S AND NATO WILL FACE A STAY OR FAIL DILEMMA IN BOSNIA. EITHER PULL OUT AND IGNORE THE RESULTING DISASTER OR BECOME INVOLVED IN AN OPEN-ENDED COMMITMENT WITH NO CLEAR PURPOSE, NO ACHIEVEABLE MISSION AND NO REALISTIC EXIT STRATEGY.

    /// END DOLE ACT. ///

    MR. DOLE ALSO SOUGHT TO DRAW CLEAR DISTINCTIONS WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON OVER THE ISSUE OF LEADERSHIP, PLEDGING A RESTORATION OF AMERICAN LEADERSHIP IN WORLD AFFAIRS IF ELECTED TO THE WHITE HOUSE. ONLY THE UNITED STATES, HE ARGUES, CAN SUPPLY THE KIND OF LEADERSHIP REQUIRED TO MAINTAIN AND ENCOURAGE STABILITY AND ECONOMIC PROSPERITY.

    /// DOLE ACT. ///

    THEN YOU ASK THE RHETORICAL QUESTION WHO? (WHO WILL LEAD THE WORLD?) CHINA? JAPAN? GO RIGHT DOWN THE LIST--NO, NO, NO. THERE IS NO OTHER COUNTRY IN THE WORLD THAT HAS THE POTENTIAL TO ACCEPT THE LEADERSHIP AND TO ACCEPT THE RESPONSIBILITY THAT WE HAVE IN AMERICA. AND I HAPPEN TO THINK THAT THE PROMISE OF THE FUTURE HAS NEVER BEEN GREATER. AND I BELIEVE WITH STRONG, DECISIVE AMERICAN LEADERSHIP WE CAN MAKE THAT PROMISE A REALITY FOR OURSELVES AND THE GENERATIONS TO COME.

    /// END DOLE ACT. ///

    THE WHITE HOUSE IS ALSO IN CAMPAIGN MODE AND WAS QUICK TO RESPOND TO THE DOLE CRITICISMS. PRESIDENTIAL SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY SAYS THE PRESIDENT HAS A LONG RECORD OF TRYING TO BRING PEACE TO BOSNIA. HE ALSO SAYS HE HAS NO IDEA WHAT MR. DOLE WAS REFERRING TO WHEN HE SAID THE PRESIDENT WAS PUTTING AMERICAN TROOPS IN BOSNIA AT RISK BY SUBJECTING HIS BOSNIA POLICY TO THE WHIMS OF THE UNITED NATIONS.

    DOLE AIDES BILLED HIS SPEECH AS A MAJOR FOREIGN POLICY ADDRESS EVEN THOUGH THEY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT AT LEAST AT THIS POINT FOREIGN POLICY ISSUES DO NOT FIGURE TO PLAY A BIG ROLE IN THIS YEAR'S PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PT
    25-Jun-96 6:40 PM EDT (2240 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [05] EURO FOOTBALL (S-ONLY) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (LONDON)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-199272
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: SEMIFINAL GAMES WILL BE PLAYED WEDNESDAY IN ENGLAND IN THE EUROPEAN FOOTBALL CHAMPIONSHIPS. V-O-A'S ANDRE DE NESNERA PREVIEWS THE TWO GAMES IN THIS REPORT FROM LONDON.

    TEXT: ENGLAND PLAYS GERMANY IN A GAME EXPERTS BELIEVE WILL BE A VERY TIGHT ENCOUNTER AND WHICH MAY END IN A PENALTY SHOOT-OUT.

    THE GERMANS WILL BE WITHOUT ONE OF THEIR STRIKERS, FREDI BOBIC, WHO SUFFERED A DISLOCATED SHOULDER DURING A GRUELING WIN OVER CROATIA. AND THERE ARE QUESTIONS WHETHER THEIR OTHER STRIKER AND TEAM LEADER -- JURGEN KLINSMAN -- WILL PLAY. HE LEFT THE CROATIA GAME WITH A BAD CALF INJURY.

    HENRY WINTER -- SENIOR FOOTBALL CORRESPONDENT FOR THE "DAILY TELEGRAPH" NEWSPAPER -- SAYS ENGLAND IS FIT AND HAS AN ADVANTAGE BECAUSE THE GAME IS BEING PLAYED IN LONDON'S WEMBLEY STADIUM.

    // WINTER ACT //

    THE PLAYERS BELT OUT THE NATIONAL ANTHEM. THEY THEN -- AS SOON AS THE BALL KICKS OFF, THERE IS JUST THIS ENORMOUS GROUNDSWELL OF NOISE WHICH JUST CARRIES THEM FORWARD. IT IS LIKE HAVING A TWELFTH MAN, LITERALLY.

    // END ACT //

    THE OTHER SEMIFINAL PITS THE CZECH REPUBLIC AGAINST FRANCE, NOW THE FAVORITE TO WIN THE TOURNAMENT. FRANCE HAS NOT LOST IN 27 INTERNATIONAL MATCHES AND ITS PLAYERS ARE SUPREMELY CONFIDENT OF GOING ALL THE WAY. THE CZECH REPUBLIC WILL BE WITHOUT FOUR OF ITS TOP PLAYERS -- A MAJOR LOSS FOR ANY TEAM.

    EXPERTS ARE BANKING ON (EXPECTING) AN ENGLAND-FRANCE FINAL NEXT SUNDAY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/ADEN/JWH/KL
    25-Jun-96 11:48 AM EDT (1548 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [06] G-7/E-U (L ONLY) BY JOHN FRASER (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-199262
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, JACQUES SANTER, SAYS HE WILL CRITICIZE AMERICAN TRADE POLICY WHEN HE MEETS PRESIDENT CLINTON AT THE GROUP OF SEVEN SUMMIT IN LYON ON THURSDAY. THE EUROPEAN UNION IS ANGRY ABOUT U-S LEGISLATION THAT WILL PUNISH FOREIGN FIRMS FOR DOING BUSINESS WITH CUBA, IRAN AND LIBYA. JOHN FRASER REPORTS FOR VOA IN BRUSSELS.

    TEXT: THE 15 EUROPEAN UNION LEADERS DISCUSSED AMERICAN TRADE POLICY AT SUMMIT TALKS THEY HELD IN FLORENCE AT THE WEEKEND, AND RELEASED A STATMENT ON SATURDAY ATTACKING THE UNITED STATES.

    PRESIDENT JACQUES SANTER WILL BE ABLE TO OUTLINE HIS CONCERNS FACE-TO-FACE WHEN HE MEETS PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON IN LYON, AT THE SUMMIT OF THE WORLD'S SEVEN MOST INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS.

    PRESIDENT SANTER'S AIDES SAY THAT THE EUROPEAN UNION FINDS IT UNACCEPTABLE THAT FIRMS FROM EUROPE WILL BE PUNISHED BY AMERICA FOR DOING BUSINESS WITH LIBYA, IRAN AND CUBA.

    THEY EXPLAIN THAT AN IMPORTANT PRINCIPLE IS AT STAKE -- AND THEY ARGUE THAT THERE ARE BETTER WAYS OF DEALING WITH PROBLEMS, WHICH DO NOT INCLUDE PUNISHING YOUR FRIENDS IN AN EFFORT TO HURT YOUR ENEMIES.

    IT IS STILL NOT CLEAR HOW FIERCE PRESIDENT SANTER'S CRITICISM OF UNITED STATES' POLICY WILL BE.

    OFFICIALS SAY HE MAY BE CONTENT TO MAKE A GENERAL POINT ABOUT TRADE POLICY, AND MAY DECIDE NOT TO NAME CUBA, IRAN OR LIBYA - AS LONG AS HE IS CERTAIN HIS POINT OF VIEW CLEARLY GETS ACROSS TO PRESIDENT CLINTON. THEY SAY THIS IS THE SORT OF ISSUE THAT SHOULD BE RAISED AMONG FRIENDS.

    THE EUROPEAN UNION IS PLANNING TO CHALLENGE AMERICAN TRADE POLICY IN THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION, BUT SUCH A PROCESS COULD TAKE SOME TIME, WHILE THE IMPACT ON EUROPEAN FIRMS COULD HIT SOONER.

    THE EUROPEAN UNION ALSO WANTS A DISCUSSION ABOUT THE DEVELOPING WORLD AT THE G-7 SUMMIT, AND WILL CALL ON AMERICA AND OTHER PARTNERS TO EXPAND TRADE WITH THE WORLD'S POOREST NATIONS. PRESIDENT SANTER WILL POINT OUT THAT THE EUROPEAN UNION IMPORTS THREE TIMES AS MUCH FROM DEVELOPING NATIONS AS DOES THE UNITED STATES. HE WILL ARGUE THAT THE BEST WAY TO HELP DEVELOPING NATIONS IS TO INTEGRATE THEM INTO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY.

    PRESIDENT SANTER WILL BE ASKING ALL OTHER DELEGATES AT THE LYON SUMMIT TO DO EVERYTHING THEY CAN DO TO PROMOTE TRADE WITH POORER COUNTRIES, AND TO UNDERTAKE TO EXAMINE THIS URGENTLY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JF/MH/CF
    25-Jun-96 9:19 AM EDT (1319 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [07] TURKEY/KURDS (L ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-199265
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TURKISH POLICE HAVE ARRESTED 20 MORE KURDISH POLITICIANS IN CONNECTION WITH ANTI-TURKISH DEMONSTRATIONS WHICH TOOK PLACE DURING A PARTY CONVENTION SUNDAY. THE ARREST BRING THE TOTAL NUMBER OF THOSE DETAINED NOW TO 70. FROM ANKARA, AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS POLICE MADE THE ARRESTS AMID AN UNPRECEDENTED SHOW OF PATRIOTISM ACROSS THE COUNTRY.

    TEXT: MILLIONS OF TURKS HUNG UP TURKISH FLAGS AT THEIR HOMES AND WORKPLACES IN RESPONSE TO A GOVERNMENT APPEAL FOR NATIONAL UNITY.

    THE MOVE FOLLOWS SUNDAY'S CONVENTION OF THE PRO-KURDISH PEOPLE'S DEMOCRACY PARTY, "HADEP," WHERE MASKED YOUTHS CHANTING ANTI-TURKISH SLOGANS TORE DOWN A TURKISH FLAG.

    THEY REPLACED THE TURKISH STAR AND CRESCENT WITH KURDISH BANNERS AND POSTERS OF ABDULLAH OCALAN, LEADER OF THE OUTLAWED SEPARATIST "KURDISTAN WORKERS' PARTY," OR "P-K-K" AMID CHEERS FROM HADEP SUPPORTERS.

    FOOTAGE OF THE CONVENTION, WHICH WAS BROADCAST ON NATIONAL TELEVISION, HAS PROVOKED OUTRAGE THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY. ANGER BOILED OVER TO VIOLENCE MONDAY. IN THE WORST INCIDENT, THREE HADEP OFFICIALS WERE KILLED BY A GROUP OF GUNMEN IN THE CENTRAL ANATOLIAN PROVINCE OF KAYSERI.

    IN A SEPARATE INCIDENT A MOB ATTACKED PRO-KURDISH DEMONSTRATORS IN DOWNTON ANKARA. AT LEAST 60 PEOPLE WERE WOUNDED IN THE CLASHES -- TWO SERIOUSLY.

    TURKISH PRIME MINISTER MESUT YILMAZ APPEALED FOR CALM AND ASKED THE NATION TO NOT, IN HIS WORDS, FALL INTO THE TRAP OF THOSE WHO WANTED TO DIVIDE THE TURKISH PEOPLE.

    BUT HARDLINERS IN THE ADMINISTRATION ARE CALLING FOR THE CLOSURE OF HADEP, WHOSE LEADER, MURAT BOZLAK IS UNDER POLICE CUSTODY.

    HADEP IS THE SUCCESSOR TO THE NOW DEFUNCT PRO-KURDISH PARTIES WHICH WERE BANNED OVER THEIR ALLEGED LINKS WITH THE P-K-K.

    THE MARXIST REBELS HAVE BEEN WAGING A 12-YEAR- LONG ARMED CAMPAIGN FOR AN INDEPENDENT KURDISH STATE.

    ANALYSTS SAY THE ESCALATION IN KURDISH RELATED VIOLENCE BODES ILL FOR LONG-DELAYED REFORMS PROMISED BY MR. YILMAZ. THEY INCLUDE EASING CURRENT BANS ON EDUCATION AND BROADCASTING IN THE KURDISH LANGUAGE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AZ/PCF/MMK
    25-Jun-96 9:46 AM EDT (1346 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [08] YUGO WAR CRIMES (L) BY GILLIAN SHARPE (THE HAGUE)

    DATE=6/25/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-199283
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE U-N'S WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL HAS BEEN HEARING FURTHER EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY IN THE CASE AGAINST BOSNIAN SERB DUSAN TADIC. HE IS CHARGED WITH CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY AT THREE DIFFERENT PRISON CAMPS IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA -- CHARGES HE DENIES. GILLIAN SHARPE IS FOLLOWING DEVELOPMENTS FROM THE TRIBUNAL AT THE HAGUE.

    TEXT: HAMDIRA KAHRIMANOVIC WAS THE PRINCIPAL OF THE SCHOOL IN THE SMALL TOWN OF KOZARAC. IT IS THIS TOWN THAT DUSAN TADIC IS ACCUSED OF HELPING TO ETHNICALLY CLEANSE OF HIS FORMER MUSLIM FRIENDS AND NEIGHBORS.

    MANY OF THOSE WHO WERE TURNED OUT OF THEIR HOMES ENDED UP IN ONE OF THREE PRISON CAMPS IN THE AREA. MR. KAHRIMANOVIC HAD SERBS IN HIS FAMILY, SERBS AS NEIGHBORS, AND HE TAUGHT SERBS AND MUSLIMS AT HIS SCHOOL. "HOW," ASKED PRESIDING JUDGE GABRIELLE MCDONALD, "COULD THE ATROCITIES WHICH THE COURT HAD BEEN HEARING ABOUT EVER HAVE HAPPENED?"

    // ACT MACDONALD / KAHRIMANOVIC //

    MACDONALD: HOW CAN YOU EXPLAIN THAT GIVEN YOUR BACKGROUND, GIVEN YOUR EXPERIENCE, KNOWING THAT SERBS AND MUSLIMS, LIVED TOGETHER, WENT TO SCHOOL TOGETHER AND GOT MARRIED. HOW DID IT HAPPEN?

    WITNESS: IT IS DIFFICULT TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION. I AM ALSO AT A LOSS. IT WAS SOME KIND OF MADNESS. I MEAN, YOU DIDN'T KNOW WHO TO TRUST ANYMORE AND I DON'T HAVE A WORD OF EXPLANATION FOR THAT.

    // ENDS ACT //

    THE REAL OBJECT OF HEARING FROM THIS WITNESS, AND THE TWO WHO FOLLOWED HIM, WAS TO PUT DUSAN TADIC AT THE OMARSKA PRISON CAMP SOMEWHERE HE SAYS HE HAS NEVER BEEN. NOT EVERY PROSECUTION WITNESS ALLEGES THEY SAW MR. TADIC COMMITTING A CRIME. BY TESTIFYING THAT THEY SAW HIM AT OMARSKA, WHERE HE IS SAID TO HAVE MURDERED AND TORTURED, THE PROSECUTION IS TRYING TO PROVE THAT HE IS LYING AND TO BRING INTO DOUBT HIS ALIBI. (SIGNED)
    NEB/GS/PCF/CF
    25-Jun-96 2:08 PM EDT (1808 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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