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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 00-02-21
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
 AA News
21 February 2000 Monday
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on Feb 21, 2000. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their occuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)THEY CONSIDERED QUAKE ASSISTANCE AS LOAN
The European Union (EU) Commission promised to grant Turkey 750 million Euro loan within the framework of the Customs Union in 1995. When Turkey was waiting for the loan, the massive earthquake hit Turkey on August 17, 1999. The EU granted 600 million Euro assistance for the quake. Meanwhile, Turkey requested the EU to release the 750 million Euro loan. However, the EU Commission said that the 600 million Euro quake assistance should be considered as the 750 million loan. The EU Commission added that they will find a solution to the remaining 150 million Euro.
KORKMAZ HAKTANIR APPOINTED AS LONDON AMBASSADOR
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)THREE DETAINEES FROM HADEP
Feyzullah Karaaslan, the Mayor of eastern Bingol province who was chosen from the People's Democracy Party (HADEP), was also taken into custody within the framework of the investigation into the terrorist organization PKK. Diyarbakir Mayor Feridun Celik was detained on the testimony of Acting Diyarbakir Mayor Ramazan Tekin. Tekin told the security forces that Celik was providing financial support to the PKK. The security forces earlier took into custody Feridun Celik and Selim Ozalp, Siirt Mayor, within the framework of the same investigation.
FREE TOURISM PROMOTION FROM BELEK
SABAH (LIBERAL)GURTUNA TO BECOME A MEMBER OF ANAP
Ali Mufit Gurtuna, the Istanbul Mayor from the Virtue Party (FP), said that he can resign from the FP and become a member of the Motherland Party (ANAP). After Mesut Yilmaz, the ANAP leader, said that his party can welcome Gurtuna; Gurtuna said that he can return to his former party ANAP, but requested some time for this change.
ISRAEL MODEL IN SOUTHEASTERN GAZIANTEP PROVINCE
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)CEM: ''TAKE TURKEY AS EXAMPLE''
Foreign Minister Ismail Cem said terrorist Hezbollah organization have links with the Iranian mullahs, adding that ''Iran has a speciality which causes concerns in many countries. Apart from the legal government organs, there are legal units and forces, but they don't have links with the government.'' Cem pointed out that Hezbollah acted with these legal forces which are not linked with the government. Stressing that Turkey was the only country that could bring modernism to the Islam population that is more than one billion, Cem said, ''it is very important that Iran, which is a great civilization, began to resemble Turkey with its some specialities. I hope Iran will continue this.''
DEISS IN ANKARA
RADIKAL (LEFT)A STRANGE CASE
Ulucanlar case will start in Ankara. The case concerning the operation in which 10 prisoners died and hundreds of them injured in Ulucanlar prison, will start on Tuesday. Prosecutor demands up to 12,000 years imprisonment terms for 86 prisoners on charges of ''murder''.
''JOINT UNIT'' WAS SAID TO BE KNOWN
During the investigation, the inspectors realized that more than 50 bank accounts were opened in the name of Batman Governorship, and that a ''joint unit'' which also includes special force members, was established.
TURKIYE (RIGHT)SUMMIT TO 5+5
Government partners plan to issue Constitutional change before Id Al-Adha. Parties are looking for a compromise to make presidential elections according to 5+5 formula, and for the constitutional change which will enable Suleyman Demirel to be elected as president for a second time.
THIRD MAYOR UNDER CUSTODY
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)TANTAN: ''WE DISCUSSED THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION''
Saadettin Tantan, the Interior Minister, said that the Internal Security Meeting which was held in eastern Van province was very beneficial. They discussed the security of the Southeastern Anatolia Region, Tantan noted. Tantan added that they exchanged views about how to improve the economic life, education, and culture of the region during the meeting.
-<B>MILD EARTHQUAKES SHAKE IZMIR AND TEKIRDAG</B>
ISTANBUL - Mild earthquakes shook Izmir and Tekirdag provinces on Sunday.
Officials at the Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory Seismology Institute told the A.A correspondent that an earthquake measuring 3.1 on the Richter scale was recorded in Bergama township of Izmir province in the Aegean Region at 17:17 local time.
Meanwhile, two mild earthquakes measuring 2.8 and 3.0 on the Richter scale occured in Sarkoy township of Tekirday province in Marmara Region at 20:03 local time and at 20:32 local time.
 SWISS FOREIGN MINISTER DEISS IN ANKARAANKARA - Joseph Deiss, the Swiss Foreign Minister, arrived in Ankara on Sunday for an official visit as guest of Ismail Cem, the Foreign Minister.
Deiss will first visit mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Founder of modern Republic of Turkey, on Monday morning.
Deiss will be received by President Suleyman Demirel and Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit after his meeting with Cem.
He is also scheduled to come together with Hikmet Sami Turk, the Justice Minister, later in the day.
Relations between Turkey and Switzerland have been halted since the incidents in Turkish Embassy in Bern in June, 1993.
A group of supporters of terrorist organization PKK, staged an attack on the Turkish Embassy building. One of the supporters were killed when security forces in the building opened fire on the group.
Following the incident, the Swiss government requested Turkey to bring those who opened fire on PKK supporters, to justice, but Turkey rejected the request.
After Switzerland declared Kaya Toperi, the Turkish Ambassador to Switzerland, as 'persona non grata', Turkey declared the Swiss Ambassador in Ankara as 'persona non grata'.
A Swiss foreign minister has been visiting Turkey for the first time since 1993.
 SOCCER - TURKISH DIVISION ONE RESULTS AND STANDINGSANKARA - Results of the Turkish division one soccer matches played between February 18-20:
Fenerbahce-Istanbulspor...........( 1 - 0 )
Kocaelispor-Genēlerbirligi........( 0 - 0 )
Galatasaray-Adanaspor.............( 4 - 0 )
Goztepe-Gaziantepspor.............( 0 - 1 )
Erzurumspor-Altay.................( 0 - 0 )
Besiktas-Vanspor..................( 2 - 1 )
Samsunspor-Denizlispor............( 6 - 2 )
Bursaspor-Trabzonspor.............( 2 - 3 )
Antalyaspor-Ankaragucu............( 0 - 0 )
P W D L F A Pts1 GALATASARAY 21 17 3 1 45 14 54
2 BESIKTAS 21 13 4 4 41 13 43
3 FENERBAHCE 21 10 9 2 36 22 39
4 GAZIANTEPSPOR 21 9 8 4 26 15 35
5 TRABZONSPOR 21 8 7 6 27 22 31
6 SAMSUNSPOR 21 9 3 9 29 27 30
7 GENĒLERBIRLIGI 21 8 6 7 28 30 30
8 DENIZLISPOR 21 8 6 7 34 37 30
9 ALTAY 21 8 5 8 27 24 29
10 ANTALYASPOR 21 7 6 8 24 33 27
11 ADANASPOR 21 7 5 9 28 33 26
12 MKE ANKARAGUCU 21 6 6 9 28 35 24
13 BURSASPOR 21 6 5 10 27 31 23
14 ISTANBULSPOR 21 5 8 8 22 26 23
15 ERZURUMSPOR 21 6 5 10 23 35 23
16 KOCAELISPOR 21 5 5 11 25 38 20
17 GOZTEPE 21 4 5 12 15 30 17
18 VANSPOR 21 3 4 14 22 42 13
Turkish division one soccer fixtures for February 25-27:
Friday, February 25:
Galatasaray v Samsunspor
Saturday, February 26:
Trabzonspor v Goztepe
Adanaspor v Antalyaspor
MKE Ankaragucu v Bursaspor
Kocaelispor v Besiktas
Sunday, February 27:
Vanspor v Denizlispor
Genclerbirligi v Altay
Istanbulspor v Erzurumspor
Gaziantepspor v Fenerbahce v Altay
Top Goal Scorers:
14 goals: Serkan (Samsunspor)
13 goals: Cafer (Ankaragucu)
12 goals: Ahmet Dursun (Besiktas)
11 goals: Bolic (Fenerbahce)
10 goals: Moldovan (Fenerbahce).
 COTTARELLI, CHIEF OF IMF TURKEY DESK: - ''TURKEY IMPLEMENTED THE PERFORMANCE CRITERIA AS OF THE END OF 1999''ANKARA - Carlo Cottarelli, the Chief of International Monetary Fund (IMF) Turkey Desk, said on Monday that Turkey had implemented the performance criteria as of the end of 1999.
Cottarelli, who came to Turkey on Friday, started his contacts in Ankara on Monday morning.
He came together with Selcuk Demiralp, the Undersecretary of the Treasury.
Addressing journalists before the meeting, Cottarelli stressed that Turkey had implemented the performance criteria as of the end of 1999.
 15 TEACHERS DETAINED IN BATMANBATMAN - A total of 15 teachers were taken into custody on Monday in southeastern Batman province within the framework of the operations against terrorist Hezbollah organization.
Muzaffer Erkan, the Chief of Batman Police Department, told A.A correspondent that the security forces detained 15 teachers who were working in various schools in the centre of Batman and its townships.
The teachers were taken into custody on charges of having connections with the terrorist Hezbollah organization, Erkan said.
Erkan noted that the interrogation of the teachers continue.
The teachers will be handed over to the judicial organs following their interrogation, Erkan added.
 KOYCEGIZ-DALYAN IS CANDIDATE FOR WORLD HERITAGE LISTIZMIR - The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) and the Dokuz Eylul University City Planning Department is conducting a project to include Koycegiz-Dalyan region of Aegean Mugla province in the World Heritage List.
Prof. Dr. Tayfun Taner, the President of the City Planning Department, told A.A correspondent on Monday that the Koycegiz-Dalyan region which is well- known for its Caretta Carettas, has many other features.
Taner said that the Koycegiz Lake is one of the two fresh water lakes of the world which are under the sea level and that only this feature is enough for the inclusion of this region in the World Heritage List.
The plants and the bird species which live around the lake also carry importance for the natural heritage, Taner noted.
Taner stated that some bird species which are to extinct, are living in this region during the winter.
The tree and flower types which grow in the region, also constitutes a part of their project, Taner stressed.
Taner emphasized that there are mud baths, hot and cold water springs, shores, Kaunos ancient site, and royal tombs in the region.
A total of 10,000 scientists are working in the project, and the project is planned to be completed within a year; Taner added.
-<B>ERDIS, HEAD OF ILLEGAL IBDA-C ORGANIZATION</B> BROUGH TO ISTANBUL DGM
ISTANBUL - Salih Izzet Erdis, the head of illegal Islamic Great Eastern Raiders Front (IBDA/C) who is also known as ''Salih Mirzabeyoglu'', was brought to the Istanbul State Security Court (DGM) for Monday's court session.
Erdis who is under arrest in Kartal Prison, was brought to the Istanbul DGM at 10:10 local time.
Tight security measures have been taken in and around the court building.
Salih Izzet Erdis is being tried on charges of leading the illegal organization with the aim of setting up an Islamic state instead of Turkey's secular state.
 TREASURY UNDERSECRETARY DEMIRALP: - ''REVISION OF INFLATION TARGETS IS NOT NECESSARY''ANKARA - Selcuk Demiralp, the Treasury Undersecretary, said on Monday that the revision of the inflation targets is not necessary.
Prior to his meeting with Carlo Cottarelli, the Turkey Desk Chief of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Demiralp noted that the IMF delegation will start its contacts with the Treasury and later, it will hold contacts with the other institutions.
The meetings will continue until the weekend, and the performance criteria will be discussed during the meetings; Demiralp stated.
Responding a question, Demiralp stressed that the inflation figures of January 2000 were not a surprise and that they can make some small reductions in the program.
Demiralp emphasized that the performance of the program is above the targets at the moment but that there are some issues that should be discussed.
The IMF will firstly revise the implementations of 1999 and later estimate about the 45-day revenues and expenditures during their contacts, Demiralp pointed out.
Demiralp said that the program is being implemented in a very good way.
Responding a question, Demiralp noted that the results of the quake disasters will not negatively affect the growth in 2000.
Demiralp added that the growth rate of 2000 will be between 5 and 5.5 percent.
-<B>RETIRED GEN. ERKAYA:</B> ''FORMING 'HEZBOLLAH' AGAINST TERRORIST PKK IS
OUT OF QUESTION BECAUSE TURKISH ARMED FORCES IS NOT UNABLE TO STRUGGLE
Gen. Erkaya attended ''Pulse of the Politics'' program broadcast in TRT 1, where relations between religion and politics were discussed.
Gen. Erkaya said they had briefed Prime Minister of the time and the concerned institutions in February 28 process about how terrorist Hezbollah organization infiltrated to state organs and the mosques.
Critizing political party leaders who used religion as the tool of politics, Erkaya said, ''Western Working Group collected information about terrorist PKK organization and fundamentalism in February 28 process. Welfare Party (RP) made religion a tool of politics. They hosted dinners to the sects in the Prime Ministry. Prime Minister had met with the leaders of sects. Political parties think of the votes of that group when they meet with the leaders of sects. We have made necessary warnings that fundamentalism was in an effort to dynamite the basis of Republic, and got involved in activities to shake this basis.''
Recalling that Hezbollah and PKK were terrorist organizations, Erkaya said they conflicted with each other from time to time. Erkaya said if a group wants to be strengthened, it can do it by terrorism or through a political party which enter elections.
''Those who prefer terrorism, exhibit their power in front of the nation, and try to give the impression that the state will not be able to protect them. This exists in PKK, but not in Hezbollah. Hezbollah followed a method in which it armed people, formed community, and spread armed people around in mosques when it pressed the button. It had to work secretly. There would be jihad when it felt itself ready,'' he said.
Pointing out that the incidents and the ''grave houses'' which were found, unmasked Hezbollah, Erkaya said, ''I see Fetullah Gulen as a great danger for Turkish Republic when we consider future.''
Erkaya said Gulen advanced in establishing its own political ruling, adding that, ''cassettes were broadcast about Gulen. There were confessions from them. National Intelligence Organization (MIT) has several other cassettes about Fetullah Gulen. Despite this, there are efforts which seem to support what Gulen did. President gets award from Gulen. They create impressions about the success of his schools. Their goal for the coming five years is to establish 50 universities and 500 private schools. What is the source of this money?''
Stressing that all political parties should convene and reach an agreement not to make religion a tool of politics, Erkaya wanted parties to give up small benefits.''
Erkaya pointed out that dormitories of students should be controlled well, and critized that there was not necessary control on the dormitories.
Mehmet Nuri Yilmaz, Chairman of Religious Affairs Department, who attended the program as guest, said terrorist Hezbollah organization had started to occupy mosques between 1993 and 1994, and added that it killed 21 officials.
Yilmaz said Hezbollah entered mosques with the pretext of teaching Koran, and formed crowd of young people around it, ''keys of the mosques have been changed to prevent them from entering. However, they entered the mosques by making other keys.''
Pointing out that putting religious beliefs under pressure in Turkey was out of question, Yilmaz said politicians should give up using religion.
''Usage of religion in politics will damage both the religion and the country. Politicians point out their views on issues which we are to state our views. They should leave religion to take breath. Turning religion into an ideology will give damage to the country. Basic information and tolerance should be tought in schools.''
 ''WINTER-2000'' MANEOUVRES OF TSK STARTSERZURUM - The ''Winter 2000 Maneouvres'', one of the concerted maneouvres of the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK), started in Sarikamis township of eastern Kars province on Monday.
The General Staff said that the ''Winter 2000 Maneouvres'' aimed at exercising the war opportunities and facilities of the units in snow and in cold weather, and improving the basic training like the accomodation, feeding, and supply in winter conditions.
The maneouvres will end on February 25, 2000.
 DISCUSSIONS WITH WORLD BANK ON FINANCIAL SECTOR ACCORD LOAN SUSPENDEDANKARA - Discussions with the World Bank on the financial sector accord loan, were suspended on Monday.
Officials told A.A correspondent that the World Bank delegation headed by Lalit Raina, suspended the loan discussions and returned to Washington D.C.
Concensus on many issues regarding the 1.5 billion U.S. dollar loan has been reached, the officials said.
The officials noted that the World Bank conditioned this loan on the privatization of the public banks.
The World Bank delegation requested that the government should determine an action plan in the shortest time for the sale of the banks which were transferred to the Savings Deposit Insurance Fund, the officials stated.
The officials added that the World Bank requested that the political will regarding the privatization of the public banks, should be determined until March for the release of the 1.5 billion U.S. dollar loan.
 TRIAL OF ERBAKAN, LEADER OF WELFARE WARTY, AT DIYARBAKIR DGMDIYARBAKIR - The Diyarbakir State Security Court (DGM) No: 1 decided on Monday to give Necmettin Erbakan, the leader of the Welfare Party (RP) which was closed by the Constitutional Court, additional time for summing up on merits of the case.
Mehmet Ener, the lawyer of Erbakan, requested additional time to prepare his client's defense.
His request was accepted by the court, and the hearing was adjourned to a later date.
Erbakan is being accused of provoking people to hatred and animosity in a speech he made in Bingol in 1994. Prosecutor requests Erbakan to be sentenced to one-year in prison in accordance with the Article 312/2 of the Turkish Penal Code.
 IMKB FIRST SESSION - NATIONAL-100 INDEX REDUCES TO 14,891.77 WITH A DECREASE OF 471.82 POINTSISTANBUL - The Istanbul Stock Exchange (IMKB) National-100 Index in Monday's first session decreased 471.82 points to 14,891.77, and shares lost 3.07 percent in value compared with prices at the close of Friday's second session.
At the close of the first session, the financial index decreased 624.75 points to 20,320.72, the industrial index fell 311.59 points to 10,472.59, and the services index reduced 492.88 points to 13,476.51.
The financial shares lost 2.9
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