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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-11-28
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
 AA Daily
28 November 1999 Sunday
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on November 28, 1999. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their occuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)BLUE STREAM SIGNED
The additional protocol agreement covering financial matters of the Blue Stream natural gas project was signed in Moscow on Saturday. The protocol was not finalized during Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit's visit to Russia early November. Turkish Ambassador to Moscow Nabi Sensoy and the Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Avdeyev signed the protocol on behalf of their countries. The additional protocol suggests dropping the cost of the pipeline project and also makes the agreement an international one by including the Italian ENI Company.
''TURKEY TO BECOME BRIDGE BETWEEN EU AND EAST MEDITERRANEAN''
GERMANY'S HESSEN STATE INTERIOR MINISTER:
He also criticized the German government for bringing Turkish people 30 years ago from Turkey to Germany without thinking of its consequences.
MILLIYET (LIBERAL) INTERIOR MINISTRY TO ALLOW TRANSEXUALS TO WORK IN BARS
HALF OF ISTANBUL CANNOT SLEEP
SABAH (LIBERAL) 1000 TANKS FOR THE HEAD OF APO
MHP WARNS EUROPE
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)''PARLIAMENT WILL SAY THE LAST WORD''
Hikmet Sami Turk, Minister of Justice, speaking about the ratification of the death sentence given to Abdullah Ocalan, the head of the terrorist organization, said ''Parliament will evaluate this situation. Because, according to our legal system, death sentence can not be executed when it gains certainty. Parliament should confirm this with a law. Parliament will take into consideration all the interests while doing it.''
70 TERRORISTS KILLED
RADIKAL (LEFT)DISEASE FEAR OF QUAKE SURVIVORS
Pneumonia, bronchitis, jaundice, influenza, and cold treaten quake survivors because of the cold weather. 12 children caught measles in Golcuk. Danger increases in the region.
THE LAST TWO DAYS IN PREFABRICATED HUTS
SAKARYA: 2,358 of 5, 578 prefabricated huts are completed. 882 of them have been delivered.
YALOVA: 2,358 of 5,578 prefabricated huts are completed. 543 of them have been delivered to quake survivors.
KOCAELI: 935 of 13,930 prefabricated huts were completed. Only 563 of them have been delivered.
BOLU (including Duzce and Kaynasli): 3,978 prefabricated huts will be constructed. 394 of them were completed and 344 of them were delivered earlier. Construction of the rest is under way.
TURKIYE (RIGHT) ADDITIONAL TAX IS ON THE WAY OF CANCELLATION
TAX GESTURE TO BLUE STREAM PROJECT
Rem Vyahirev, the Chairman of Gazprom, Russia's natural gas company, described the protocol as the ''final agreement'' and said the construction works of the pipeline would begin.
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE) WE ARE RUNNING OUT OF CASH
 FIVE TERRORISTS KILLED IN TUNCELIDIYARBAKIR - Security forces killed five terrorists in operations carried out in Mazgirt county of southeastern Tunceli province on Saturday.
Emergency Rule Regional Governorship said the terrorists were killed when security forces encountered a group of terrorists in rural region of Mazgirt county.
Security forces killed five terrorists in the ensuing clash.
A person from security forces died during the first shots.
Operations under way in the region.
 PRESIDENT DEMIREL CONGRATULATES NATIONAL DAY OF ALBANIAANKARA - President Suleyman Demirel sent a congratulatory message to Rexhep Meidani, Albanian President, due to the National Day of Albania.
Presidential Press Center said in the message Demirel expressed his best wishes to Albanian President and Albanian people due to the National Day on behalf of Turkish nation.
In the message Demirel expressed belief that perfect relations and cooperation between the two countries will continue in the direction of mutual benefits.
 BLUE STREAM PROTOCOL SIGNED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIAMOSCOW - The additional protocol which covers tax related issues of the Blue Stream project was signed on Saturday night.
Nabi Sensoy, the Turkish Ambassador in Moscow and Alexander Avdayev, the Deputy Foreign Minister signed the protocol on behalf of their countries.
Saturday's protocol guarantees the approval of the Agreement to Prevent Double Taxation by the Russian Parliament which was earlier only approved by the Turkish Parliament. The protocol is expected to be approved by both Turkish and Russian parliaments.
Sensoy who spoke at the ceremony said ''the signing of the protocol showed that some speculations regarding the Blue Stream project were baseless.''
''The Blue Stream Project will be a good example to Turkish-Russian cooperation in the 2000's. I believe that this project would serve to the interests of both countries and help to strengthen the political relations as well as economic and trade relations,'' he went on to say.
Because of the parliamentary elections which will be held in Russia in December, the Parliament's sub-department Duma will have its last session on December 3 and then will abolish itself. Therefore the Russian Parliament must pass the protocol from Duma till December 3.
Agreement to Protect and Encourage Mutual Investments between Turkey and Russia which was also approved by the Turkish Parliament but not by Duma was not covered by Saturday's protocol.
Russia wanted to sign the protocol when Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit visited Moscow between November 4 and 6, 1999 however Ankara wanted to discuss the issue first within the Turkish Government.
Ecevit, before leaving Russia, had said if ''Duma approved the agreements on double taxation and mutual investments, the protocol would be easily signed and take effect immediately.''
The Russian Gazprom company had signed the necessary agreements related to the Blue Stream natural gas pipeline and its financement with the contractor companies on November 23. However they protocol did not take effect until the protocol was signed on Saturday.
 JAPANESE KURATA AND BRITISH ANDERSSON DECIDE TO LEARN TURKISH AFTER GETTING TO KNOW TURKISH CULTURETRABZON - Japanese Yoshiko Kurata and British Gunilla Andersson who came to Turkey as tourists, later decided to learn Turkish. They said they would miss Turkey and Turkish people very much and would try to come back.
Kurata who is 26 years old said he found the Turkish culture very different than European or Japanese cultures and he was very touched by the Turkish hospitality. Kurata visited Turkey before and toured Istanbul, Denizli, Ankara, Fethiye and Cappadocia.
Kurata met Taner, a tourist guide in Trabzon who invited him to stay with his family. After spending 2-3 weeks with Taner's big family, he was impressed by the Turkish culture and traditions. ''I have been in Turkey for 4 months. I will return to Japan when my visa expires and then come back to Turkey,'' Kurata said.
After living with Taner's 3 year old son, his mother and his grandmother who did not speak a word in English, Kurata decided to learn Turkish. ''They are my second family, I feel at home when I am with them,'' Kurata said.
''Sometimes your traditions can be very strict and restricting and I find it hard to adjust. But I like that challenge and I am curious about your culture because you are different. I wouldn't have stayed in Turkey if we were the same,'' Kurata noted.
Gunilla Andersson who is the manager of Summer Institute of Linguistics in Britain visited Turkey three times and has many Turkish friends both in her country and in Turkey. She said she was learning Turkish to communicate with Turks easier.
''I have made friends with people from at least seven countries and I believe that if we try to understand each other international relations will be better. If you try to little bit learn the language of the country you are visiting, those people will open their hearts to you and this will reflect to all relations,'' she said.
Andresson is currently in Trabzon and said she was very much enjoying herself despite the not so good weather conditions. ''I am here for the people. They are very friendly and helpful. I like your family structure. You live together and protect each other. You accept life as it is. This is something that we, the Europeans must learn from you,'' she noted.
-<B>ECONOMIC COOPERATION ORGANIZATION DAY</B>
ANKARA - President Suleyman Demirel said on Sunday that Turkey is resolved to continue its sincere interest and contributions to Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) in Eurasia geography including brotherly Turkish republics.
Presidential Press Center said Demirel issued a message due to ECO Day.
In the messsage Demirel congratulated the foundation anniversary of ECO which expanded and strengthened with the participation of Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. Turkey, Iran and Pakistan are the three founder members.
Demirel said regional economic cooperation groups, which has an important share in world trade, gained importance with the contributions it made to the spreading of economic developments, regional and global peace, stability and prosperity of member countries.
In the message Demirel said, ''Economic Cooperation Organization carries out multilateral and effective cooperation process in fields like trade, transportation, communication and energy, by bringing 10 regional countries whose population is more than 300 million and which has historical, social and cultural ties.''
 TURKEY HAS 928 AIDS PATIENTS INCLUDING 624 CARRIERSANTALYA - AIDS (Acquired Immunity Deficiency Syndrome) killed 14 million people since it was first seen in 1981.
Prof. Huseyin Sipahioglu, the Chairman of Protection Against Aids Association told A.A that there were still 36 million AIDS patients in the world which is expected to rise to 40 million in 2000. Every year 16,000 people catch AIDS, he reminded.
AIDS was a very fast spreading disease in the US and the Western countries in the beginning but its spread has slowed down in the US due to the measures taken against the disease while it has become common in Asia and Far East.
Some medicine which is supposed to increase sexual power will cause the disease to spread among the elderly both in the world and in Turkey, Sipahioglu noted.
He noted that AIDS can be only caught through sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, organ transplant and drug usage and stressed that a person cannot catch AIDS by sharing the same dishes, clothing or swimming in a public pool.
The most effective way to combat the disease is to have a single partner and use condoms in extra-marital relations, he reminded and said there was no cure for AIDS but the patient can live 4 to 6 years more with the right treatment.
''The necessary measures should be taken before AIDS spreads more in Turkey. The people must be informed about the disease and the young generations must learn about AIDS at school. The media must show educative programmes,'' Sipahioglu said.
According to the official figures of the Health Ministry, there are 928 AIDS patients in Turkey as of June 30, 1999. 304 of them are clinical patients while 624 are only carriers. 682 of the AIDS patients are men and 246 are women in Turkey. Ten percent of the women who come to Turkey for prostitution from Russia, Ukrania and Romania have AIDS, Sipahioglu explained.
-<B>GERMAN WELFARE INSTITUTION CAP ANAMUR OPENS</B> VILLAGE OF 350
Rupet Noydek, the founder of Cap Anamur said their institution was supported by donations and helped people who were in need. Cap Anamur built ten thousands of dwellings for people in Kosovo and Chechnya to spend the winter. The village they formed in Adapazari has a capacity to host nearly 3,000 people, Noydek said.
Christiane Geisler, the German Counselor in Istanbul, said he was in Germany on August 17 and witnessed the sorrow of German people when the quake hit the Marmara region. Many Germans wanted to visit the quake struck area for help and did not know how to send supplies, he explained. Cap Anamur is a big welfare institution and was the first organization which brought aid supplies to the area.
The village formed of 350 container dwellings also have a school, sports fields and social facilities. Each container measuring 21 squaremeters has a capacity to host 8 people and has a shower and a toilet.
-<B>LENGTH OF MOTORWAYS OPENED TO</B> SERVICE THIS YEAR REACHES 1,749 KM
ANKARA - A total of 1,749 km have been completed in motorways which became the favourite of the secure and rapid transportation. The remaınıng 117 km ıs waitıng for a loan.
A total of 14 trillion lira has been envisaged to be allocated from the 2000 year budget for motorways and express ways. Ministry of Housing and Public Works preferred company loans to construct these roads after realizing that it was impossible to complete the motorway network with existing allocations.
A total of 129 km motorways and connection roads are expected to be opened to service next year.
If 760 million U.S. dollars loan is provided to General Directorate of Highways in addition to budget allocations, these roads can be completed in the planned time, and will contribute to the economy of the country.
 WTO THIRD MINISTERS CONFERENCEANKARA - Tunca Toskay, Minister of State, left for the U.S. on Sunday to participate in World Trade Organization (WTO) third Ministers Conference.
Foreign Trade Undersecretariat said the conference will take place in Seattle city of the U.S. between November 30 and December 3. General principles of world trade, which will give shape to 21st century, will be reviewed.
A delegation, headed by Tunca Toskay, Minister of State, will represent Turkey during the third WTO Ministers Conference, which is the highest decision taking organ of WTO.
A total of 135 countries, representatives of more than 30 countries who are in participation process, more than 750 non-governmental organization representatives, and more than 2,500 press officials from 80 countries will participate in the conference.
Review of implementation of Uruguay Round agreement, facilitating trade, electronic trade, trade and environment, competition and investment and issues to increase world trade are expected to be discussed during the conference. A joint declaration is expected to be issued at the end of the conference.
Tunca Toskay, State Minister, is expected to hold bilateral talks with the ministers of various countries on trade and economic relations.
 US AMBASSADOR IN ATHENS BURNS: ''WASHINGTON EXPECTS GREECE NOT TO BLOCK TURKEY'S EXPECTATIONS FROM EUROPE''ATHENS- Nicholas Burns, the US Ambassador to Athens, said on Sunday that Washington expected Greece not to block Turkey's expectations from Europe.
Burns told the Greek Katemerini Newspaper that Greece would benefit in the long term if Turkey's EU membership is approved, therefore it should vote 'yes' for Turkey's membership.
''We want our friends Turkey and Greece to resolve the problems between them. However, if they fail to do so, the problems can always be discussed at the international court,'' Burns noted.
The contacts which started between the two countries in various fields will be the beginning of a long lasting peace, Burns said, and added that Greece took important steps to improve relations. Burns said he hoped Turkey would also respond in a similar way.
Warming of relations between the Turkish and Greek people following the quake disaster is a good opportunity to develop relations at diplomatic level and both countries should work not to miss this opportunity, Burns said.
 AUSTRALIA'S BIGGEST MOSQUE OPENS TO WORSHIPSYDNEY - The biggest mosque of Australia which was built in Sydney with the contributions of Turkish citizens opened to worship on Sunday.
Turkish Ambassador to Australia, Umut Arik opened the Mosque named 'Gelibolu' in Auborn city. The mosque was completed in 13 years.
Turkish craftsmen were employed to do the interior decoration of the mosque. The mosque has a capacity of 5,000 people and its minarets can be seen from almost all the districts located in west Sydney.
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