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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 97-12-26
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
26 DEC 1997
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on December 26, 1997. Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. You will find better detailed summaries of major news reports in a few hours.
HÜRRİYET (LIBERAL)GERMAN JUSTICE SAW THE FACTS
Karlsruhe Administration Court said ''Kurds are not under any pressure in Turkey.'' This decision was a shock to German government and European Union (EU) countries.
BARGAINING FOR TURKISH-ISRAELI DEFENSE INDUSTRY
MİLLİYET (LIBERAL) SIGNATURE TO NATIONAL DOCUMENT
GREEK GENERAL VISITED THE CAMP
SABAH (LIBERAL)TENSE DAY IN PARLIAMENT
Budget brought the government to the eve of resignation and led to a very big discussion. Budget was adopted in the end.
CUMHURİYET (LEFT)''HE WAS KILLED UNDER CUSTODY''
Seydi Battal Kose, one of the suspect policemen in Goktepe case, disclosed that Goktepe was killed when he was under custody.
30 PERCENT INCREASE TO CIVIL SERVANTS BECOMES LEGALIZED
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)CONFESSOR TENSION
Iran, speaking about the PKK terrorist Esref Kilic, said they had handed him to Turkey. Kilic was brought to Turkey secretly after he had surrendered in Urumieh.
HOPE FOR CHEAP NATURAL GAS
RADİKAL (LEFT) FIRST CONFESSION IN GOKTEPE CASE
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE) FM CEM: DETERMINING FACTOR IS CYPRUS
YENİ YÜZYIL (LIBERAL)GOVERNMENT SPOILED
Prime Minister Yilmaz says: Scenerios attributed to me are dreamy. I do not have time for scenerios. I am trying to correct the devastation of former government.
 TURKEY-TURKMENISTAN - PRIME MINISTER YILMAZ LEAVES FOR TURKMENISTANANKARA, Dec 26 (A.A) - Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz said on Friday that with the visit he will pay to Turkmenistan, important steps will be taken to create new business fields and new partners to Turkey.
Yilmaz left for Turkmenistan Today on a three-day visit as the official guest of Turkmen President Sapharmurad Turkmenbasi.
Addressing a news conference before his departure from Esenboga Airport Yilmaz said relations were re-improving between Turkey and Turkmenistan.
Yilmaz recalled that economic, cultural and social relations between the two countries improved a lot after Turkmenistan gained its independence.
Prime Minister said during the visit he would take up relations between the two countries and evaluate ways to further improve relations. Yilmaz also said international and regional issues regarding the two countries would also be discussed.
Yilmaz said the businessmen accompanying him will hold contacts about the investments that will be made in this country adding that ''With this visit, Turkey will take an important step to create new business fields and new partners.''
Prime Minister Yilmaz said he would stop by Azeri capital Baku while returning from Turkmenistan and meet Azeri President Haydar Aliev.
State Ministers Ahat Andican and Cavit Kavak, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Cumhur Ersumer, Minister of Agriculture and Village Affairs Mustafa Tasar and Tourism Minister Ibrahim Gurdal and several businessmen and reporters accompany Yilmaz during the visit.
 TURKEY-BUDGET - PARLIAMENT APPROVES 1998 BUDGETANKARA, Dec 26 (A.A) - The coalition government on Thursday successfully passed its first budget test in Parliament. 519 deputies participated in the voting where 301 voted in favor and 217 against. One vote was cancelled.
The TL 14.793 quadrillion 1998 draft budget, proposed by the government comprised of Motherland (ANAP), Democratic Left (DSP) and Democratic Turkey (DTP) parties, was approved in Parliament with opposition Welfare (RP) and True Path (DYP) parties voting against and the Republican People's (CHP) for the draft.
The CHP has been supporting the government from the outside since it came to power.
The budget foresees an annual economic growth of three percent, a deficit of TL 3.993 quadrillion and an avarage of TL 240,000 to one US dollar.
 TURKEY-MISSILE - EIGHT INJURED WHEN MILITARY MISSILE HITS FISHING BOATISTANBUL/KADIKOY, Dec 26 (A.A) - Eight people were injured on Thursday when a missile hit a fishing boat used to launch target balloons during a training exercise.
The six military personnel and two civilians aboard the fishing boat, sailing in the Black Sea, had been taken to hospitals for treatment. One was in a serious condition.
The ship had begun sailing away from the target area when it was struck by the missile.
 TURKISH PRESS REVIEW (1)These are brief summaries of some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on December 26, 1997. Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
(Derived from Newsspot of Turkish Directorate of General Press and Information)
PARLIAMENT APPROVES 1998 BUDGET
to one U.S. dollar. /All papers/
ARMY ROCKET INJURES 8, INCLUDING SOLDIERS
The boat, hired by the military, was releasing target balloons. Injured crew members and soldiers were rushed to hospital and none are in a critical condition. /All papers/
TURKEY EXTENDS MANDATE OF NORTHERN WATCH
YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS TO OPEN UP TO WORLD
U.S.' EU SUPPORT TO TURKEY
PM YILMAZ IN TURKMENISTAN
 TURKISH PRESS REVIEW (2)These are brief summaries of some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on December 26, 1997. Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
(Derived from Newsspot of Turkish Directorate of General Press and Information)
BRITISH-AMERICAN TOBACCO TO PRODUCE "SAMSUN" CIGARETTES
In line with a decision of the High Planning Board, 51 percent of the shares of Akhisar Cigarette Factory have been transferred to the British- American Tobacco company. The factory will produce 25 million "Samsun" and "Yeni Harman" cigarettes yearly. /Milliyet/
OPTIMISTIC MESSAGE FROM RUSSIA
The article stated that the visit had a strategic importance from the economic standpoint and that from the political standpoint it exceeded the limits of bilateral relations. It said: "If the European Union carries on with a hide-and-seek game with Turkey, Ankara may channel its policies from the West to the North. In that case, NATO's expansion towards the East will be in danger". /Cumhuriyet/
GREEK GENERAL IN PKK CAMP
GERMAN JUDICIARY SEES THE TRUTH
DEMIRKAN IN GERMAN PRESS
EARLY AZERBAIJANI PETROLEUM ARRIVES
In accordance with the agreement which requires that the marketing of early petroleum produced in Hazar must be made through Novorossik Seaport, the 61, 000-tons tanker belonging to Lukoil Company set out on its way from Novorossik. It is expected that the tanker will enter the Bosphorus on Saturday. A second tanker carrying 59 thousand tons petroleum is expected to arrive in the Bosphorus on 31 December, 1997. Transneft, Russian petroleum transport company said that next year, 1.5 million ton petroleum will be transported through Novorossik./Hurriyet/
 TURKEY-EU - PRIME MINISTER YILMAZ: ''EUROPE HAS TO CORRECT ITS MISTAKE''ANKARA, Dec 26 (A.A) - Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz said on Thursday that European Union (EU) has to correct the decision it had taken in Luxembourg Summit adding that ''I want Europe to question itself and reveal that it was not Christian Club. The attitude they would assume will reveal if RP leader Erbakan was true or not.''
Evaluating recent decision of EU Yilmaz told in a speech to parliament that Luxembourg decision could be regarded as the most important decision taken in favor of Turkey if there was not a resolution taken about Southern Cyprus ''it was never told that Turkey could be a full member. This was first uttered in Luxembourg, they said this is a political victory for us.''
Yilmaz said ''we should ask the second Berlin wall put between Turkey and other candidate countries.''
Noting that opposition parties in Turkey failed to understand the sanctions that Turkey would implement against this decision, Yilmaz said that ''We will not discuss Turkey's interior problems inclding Turkish-Greek relations and human rights.'' He said ''we will maintain our relations with the EU which were linked with the agreements. We are faitful to our committments stemming from 1963 agreements.''
Yilmaz said Turkey financed expansion of the EU and stressed that Turkey has no obligation to finance the eight million dollar aid EU extended to Greece. ''I have the right to discuss this issue with them. I am ready to integrate if they consider our interests and if they respect us.''
 TURKEY-SYRIA - SYRIA'S HASEKI PROVINCE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE CHAIRMAN ABDUKE: - ''WE WANT TO EXHIBIT OUR PRODUCTS IN FREE ZONE'' - MARDIN GOVERNOR GUVEN: ''WE WANT TO INVEST IN HASEKI''MARDIN, Dec 26 (A.A) - Syria's Haseki Province Chamber of Commerce Chairman Antuan Abduke said on Thursday that they want to exhibit Syrian products in Mardin Free Zone.
Syrian businessmen led by Abduke came to southeastern Mardin province and visited Governor Fikret Guven. Abduke said in the meeting that their aim was to increase trade volume between Turkey and Syria.
Pointing out that they wanted to exhibit their goods in the ''Show Room'' of which construction process continued in Mardin Free Zone, Abduke said, ''we want to further improve and increase existing trade between our two countries.''
Governor Fikret Guven said in his part that he supported mutual development in commercial relations and that they would fulfill their obligations in the bilateral meetings between industrialists and businessmen from two provinces.
''It would be for the benefit of the two sides to improve trade relations with Haseki'' told Guven and expressed willingness to improve trade relations by making investments.
 TURKEY-RIGHTS - PARLIAMENT SPEAKER CETIN: ''OBSTACLES INFRONT OF THOUGHT AND EXPRESSION SHOULD BE LIFTED''ANKARA, Dec 26 (A.A) - Parliament Speaker Hikmet Cetin said obstacles infront of thought and expression should be lifted adding that ''Turkey has to take measures against human rights issue and standarts of democracy.''
Speaking to reporters Cetin said reaction of the government against the decision of European Union (EU) taken during Luxembourg Summit as ''normal.''
When asked ''can you say we did our best in human rights and democracy since 1974?'', Cetin said ''we do not say such a thing. This is a process. None of the countries of the world having a situation like Turkey can say that I have increased the standarts of democracy.''
Cetin said Turkey, especially after 1980, recorded important developments and took steps. Yet, there are measures which Turkey should take on human rights issue and to increase standarts of democracy. Obstacles infront of thought and expression should be lifted in particular.
 TURKEY-US - US DELEGATION TO COME TO TURKEY IN JANUARY TO CONTINUE DIALOGUE IN ENERGY COOPERATION BETWEEN TURKEY AND USANKARA, Dec 26 (A.A) - An American delegation will come to Turkey in January 1998 to continue the dialogue set up between Turkey and the US in energy field, it was reported on Thursday.
Foreign Ministry said in a written statement that Turkey and the US had reached to an agreement to launch preliminary studies for bilateral and regional cooperation on energy resources in Caspian Region and their transportation issues during Foreign Minister Ismail Cem's visit to the US between December 2-6.
The statement said that those issues had been taken up in detail during Cem's visit to the US between December 17-21 and that two countries had issued a joint-communique regarding cooperation in energy field.
The statement said the joint-communique had mentioned Turkey-Iraq oil pipeline's grounding to a halt had bad effects over Turkish economy, environmental concerns due to increasing tanker-traffic in Turkish straits and increase in physical limitations.
''Two countries repeat their support and undertakings regarding speeding up the improvement of Baku-Ceyhan pipeline and oil and natural gas pipelines to pass through Caspian Sea, which will connect Central Asian and Caucasus countries to international markets via Turkey,'' the statement said.
''From this perspective, two countries had decided to set up a dialogue and to take up in large scale and regularly the problems of energy policy concerning two countries' mutual interests through that dialogue. Two countries agreed on continuing of that dialogue by starting with the political and strategical dimensions of the issue with the American delegation who will come to Turkey next January,'' Foreign Ministry said in its statement.
 TURKEY-TERRORISM - OPERATIONS IN IRAQI BORDER - NINE TERRORISTS KILLED IN GABAR MOUNTAIN - OPERATIONS UNDERWAY IN IRAQI BORDERDIYARBAKIR, Dec 26 (A.A) - Security forces on Friday killed nine separatist terrorists of separatist terrorist PKK organization trying to re-nest in southeastern part of Turkey, during their operations in Iraqi border and in Gabar mountain in southeastern Sirnak province.
Emergency Rule Governor's Office said that the operations were backed by air-forces and were staged against separatist terrorists who infiltrated to Turkey from Northern Iraqi border. The terrorists tried to re-nest in Cudi and Gabar mountains near Sirnak.
Operations underway in the region without intervals.
Meanwhile, a terrorist, who had fled from separatist terrorist organization, surrendered to security forces in southeastern Tunceli province.
 TURKEY-INTERNAL - HEAD OF SPHINX FROM ROMAN PERIOD SMUGGLED FROM EPHESUS IS COMING BACK TO TURKEY AFTER 32 YEARSVIENNA, Dec, 26 - A Roman Period Sphinx head found in an excavation 32 years ago and later smuggled, was returned to Ankara by Cultural Counselor to Vienna, Meral Cerci and handed-over to Anatolian Civilizations Museum, it is reported on Friday.
A.A learned the story of the marble Sphinx head from Turkish Embassy officials in Vienna and archeologists:
Austrian Professor Fritz Eichler, the then-leader of the excavation team, found the marble woman head on October, 15, 1964.
Prof. Eichler stated the disappearance of the piece on October, 20, 1965 to Selcuk Museum Director. Nothing could be heard of the piece until today.
The mistery continued until Australian Archeology Institute expert Dr. Maria Aurenhammer, during her study on Ephesus sculptures, recognized that the head was the one that was being exhibited in Ancient Civilizations Museum at Basel-Switzerland with register number ''LU-226 A''. She told thıs to the Director of the Institute Prof. Fritz Krinzger. Later he confirmed that the head was the missing one.
Museum Director Prof. Peter Blome said that he was ready to give the head to Selcuk Museum immidiately.
In the Ludwig Collection Catalogue it was said that the piece ''were probably Greek origin.'' On the other hand in the notes of Prof. Eichler it is said that it was found in Ephesus.
 TURKEY-US-ISRAEL - JORDAN TO PARTICIPATE IN ''RELIANT MERMAID'' AS OBSERVERANKARA, Dec 26 (A.A) - Jordan will participate as an observer in Turkish- Israeli-US joint maneouvre, ''Reliant Mermaid'' scheduled to take place between January 5-9, 1998 in eastern Meditarrenean Sea, it was reported on Friday.
Turkey earlier invited Egypt and Jordan to participate in the maneouvre as an observer. However, Cairo had not yet given a response to Ankara.
Jordan was the first arab country to give support to that exercise.
Turkish Armed Forces had announced that ''Realiant Mermaid'' is a humanitarian search and rescue exercise with the aim to practice coordinated emergency procedures.
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