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Conference on Extraordinary Machines And Structures in Antiquity
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From: "HR-Net News Distribution Manager" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Originally From: Dimarogonas <email@example.com>
FIRST ANNOUNCEMENT AND CALL FOR PAPERS
EXTRAORDINARY MACHINES AND STRUCTURES IN ANTIQUITY
An International Symposium
International Olympic Academy, Ancient Olympia, Greece, 16-18 September 1999
jointly organized by
The University of Patras (GR, Mechanical Engineering Dept, Applied
The Society of Ancient Greek Technology (GR)
under the aegis of
The Ministry of Culture of Greece The General Secretariat for Research and Technology of Greece And The Technical Chamber of Greece
The Hellenic Society of Composite Materials
Co-Chairmen: Professor A. D. Dimarogonas, US, Professor S. A. Paipetis and Professor Th. Tassios, GR
-----------International Scientific Committee:
-----------Local Organizing Committee:
---------Symposium Secretary: Mrs A. Bossini
All correspondence etc. should be addressed to: Professor S. A. Paipetis, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras, 260 01 Patras, Greece, tel. (+3061) 992172 & 997233, Fax +3061-992644, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
--------Extraordinary Machines and Structures in Antiquity--------------
Despite the astonishing advances of modern science and technology, of great interest remain many admirable structures scattered over the face of the planet, majestic remnants of great cultures that have expired centuries or even millennia ago. The Pyramids of Egypt, the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, the mediaeval cathedrals in central Europe are typical examples. On the other hand, in several epic poems or in the sacred writings of many of the world's religions one can find amazingly clear and detailed descriptions of such extraordinary materials and structures. Typical examples are the Bible with the first reference to composite materials, Noah's Ark or King Solomon's Temple, while in Homer's Iliad the first description of automated production devices, robots and high- toughness laminated structures are most accurately described along with their battle behaviour. Considering that no science or technology is known to exist at the time, one may suspect that what was thought of as mystical knowledge or even as acts of gods, was in fact primitive or even fairly advanced elements of engineering of unknown origin or at least worth to investigate.
In view of the above, an extraordinary structure can generally be defined as one constructed (or described) at a time, when no supporting science or technology existed. Therefore, it is interesting, through the appropriate analysis, to draw conclusions on the design and manufacture tools existing at the respective time, as well as the corresponding source of knowledge, and this is the frame defining the scope of the present symposium.
Accordingly, the potential field of study for such structures could be twofold:
A. Real structures, including famous buildings or "civil engineering" structures, mechanical devices, mechanisms or even "machinery" in the broad sense, weaponry or military structures in general etc.
B. Structures described in epic poetry or in religious texts of all ages and cultures.
------------Submission of papers
Only original works neither published nor submitted for publication elsewhere will be accepted. Papers will be considered on the basis of an extended summary of about 500 words. Full manuscripts of papers accepted will be refereed before been included in the Proceedings. Both abstracts and full papers should be submitted by e-mail or in 3.5" diskettes as Microsoft Word 7 for Windows 95 files. On either occasions a hard copy of the text along with clear line drawings and photographs must be sent by mail.
-----------Language of the Symposium
The official language of the Symposium is English.
An effort will be made to have the Proceedings printed in advance and distributed upon registration, provided that all manuscripts will be available before the end of July 1999. If not, a book of abstracts will be distributed at the Symposium and the volume of the Proceedings will be posted to the participants within 2 months after the Symposium.
The registration fees, which include the Symposium Folder with all relevant material, the volume of Proceedings (and the book of abstracts, if there will be one), participation to the Opening Reception and a guided tour of the archeological site and the Museums, are as follows, if paid before 15 April 1999.
* Participants............................ 150 EUROs
Fees for participants paid after 15 April 1999 will be increased by 50 EUROs. In case of cancellation the fees will be refunded only if the Organizers are notified before 1 June 1999. Fees can be paid by cheque or postal order or the respective amount transmitted directly to Alpha Credit Bank, 2 New National Road Branch, Patras, Greece, A/C no 014 534 400 231 0001050. Cheques should drawn in favour of Prof. S. A. Paipetis, for AncTech Symp
* 28 February 1999 Submission of abstracts
The Symposium will take place at the premises of the International Olympic Academy, 2 kms away from the Archeological site of Ancient Olympia and its Museums.
Reservations must be made by fax, mail or e-mail by submitting the the attached participation form.
-------------The Symposium venue
Ancient Olympia lies 20 km east of Pyrgos, the capital of Heleia, in a valley between the wooded Mount Cronion, the Alfios River and its tributary Cladeos. It is the place where the Olympic Games originated in 776 BC to Honor Zeus «Father of God and Men.» It is also the place where the idea of the common cultural heritage among the hellenic City States was further strengthened. During the Games, the Olympic Truce was in force, while all hostilities were suspended. These panhellenic contests were held every four years, attracting athletes from all city-states of Hellas. The kotinos, the victor's prize, was just a wreath made of wild olive tree branch. The City States, whose athletes were the victors at the Olympic games, used to tear down part of the city walls, to indicate that, with such brave men, no defence walls were needed. The Olympic Games came to an end in 393 AD by a prohibitive edict of the Roman Emperor Theodossios I. Fifteen centuries later, in 1896, they were revived in the place whre were they were born, in Greece, by the French historian and educator Pierre de Coubertin.
The International Olympic Academy (IOA), the Symposium venue, was founded to protect and expand the heritage of the Olympic Idea and to develop the Olympic Movement. It is an educational institution, aiming at the training people devoted to the principles and ideals of Olympism, who will then disseminate these in their respective countries as ambassadors. It is also encouraging a dialogue promoting international friendship, understanding and cooperation in accordance to the ideals and principles laid down by the Ancient Greeks.
The weather in late September is still warm in Greece. The temperature during the day may rise up to 20oC, but it may be cool and humid at night, especially in this area, thus a kind of light jacket or sweater could be necessary.
----------Travel to Olympia
Olympia is accessible either from Athens, if travelling by air, or from Patras, if travelling by car.
a. Travel through Patras: Olympia lies 125 km south west of Patras, the capital of Achaia in north western Peloponnese, which is directly accessible by car ferry from Italy on a daily basis, e.g. from Brindisi and Bari (travel time approx. XXX hours) or from Ancona (travel time approx. 24 hours by superfast ferries). The Patras coach station lies in the harbour area, and there are regular connections to Pyrgos and Olympia.
b. Travel through Athens (by air): From Ellinikon, the Athens airport there are many airline or public transport buses to downtown Athens, as well as to the main Coach Station, connected by regular departures to all major cities.
Depending on participation, on both routes, special coaches may be arranged to wait for the participants and transfer them directly to the Conference site. Further details will be given later.
A number of comfortable but not luxurious rooms are available at IOA at very competitive prices, while hotels of all classes are available at the town of Ancient Olympia. The following hotels have rooms available for the participants and the rates (B/B) are as follows (in Drs):
Hotel (class) Single room Double room Triple room Amalia (A) 27.200 38.600 45.600 Europa (A) 23.300 30.100 43.400 Andonios (A) 22.500 Olympic Village (B Sup.) 15.000 23.000 26.400 Ilis (B) 12.500 18.000 22.500 New Olympia (B) 14.500 19.800 24.900 Neda (C) 10.800 14.800 20.250 IOA(*) 9.000 10.000
(*) At IOA Full Board will be available at an extra 7.000 Drs per day.
* Hotel rooms can be booked through the travel agent, while rooms at IOA through the Symposium organizers.
* Current parity is 1 USD = 282 Drs.
The Social Programme will include an Opening Reception, the Symposium Dinner and a guided tour of the archeological site and the Museums. A ladies programme will be announced in due time, including daily trips to places of interest in the area, such as the Place of Nestor in Pylos,
Our Travel Agent is: Charisma Travel, 27065 Ancient Olympia, Greece, tel: +30-624-22 811 & 22 653, fax: +30-624-22 812.
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