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Macedonian Press Agency: News in Greek, 98-03-31

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO EIDHSEWN TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY

Qessalonikh 31 Martioy 1998


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (To Foroym ths Qessalonikhs)

[D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II (Oi ejelijeis sto Kossyfopedio)

[E] EIDIKO PARARTHMA III (toy Spyroy Koyzinopoyloy)


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] DHLWSEIS MANTELH GIA THN OLYMPIAKH

  • [02] ANTIDRASEIS KOMMATWN STOYS KYBERNHTIKOYS XEIRISMOYS GIA THN OLYMPIAKH

  • [03] AKARPH H MESOLABHTIKH PROSPAQEIA THS GSEE GIA THN OLYMPIAKH

  • [04] STH MOSXA O AKHS TSOXATZOPOYLOS

  • [05] EPISKECH MPERNS STHN ISRAHLITIKH KOINOTHTA QESSALONIKHS

  • [06] APO AYRIO TIQETAI SE EFARMOGH H ENIAIA LISTA FARMAKWN

  • [07] AISIODOJOS GIA THN POREIA THS OIKONOMIAS O GIANNOS PAPANTWNIOY


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [08] O KOTSARIAN KERDIZEI TIS PROEDRIKES EKLOGES THS ARMENIAS

  • [09] RWSIA: ANADIORGANWSH TOY SYMBOYLIOY ASFALEIAS

  • [10] AISIODOJOS GIA TIS ENTAJIAKES DIAPRAGMATEYSEIS THS KYPROY ME THN EE O G.KRANIDIWTHS

  • [11] ANTIQETH H OYASIGKTON STHN EGKATASTASH TWN S-300 STHN KYPRO

  • [12] APEILEI ME ENSWMATWSH TWN KATEXOMENWN STHN TOYRKIA O NTENKTAS

  • [13] ENISXYMENA METRA ASFALEIAS ZHTA H TOYRKIA GIA THN EPISKECH KARANTAGI STHN AQHNA

  • [14] STRATHGIKO SXEDIO GI A THN ANADEIJH THS QESSALONIKHS SE KENTRO TWN BALKANIWN

  • [15] ARNHTIKH H TOYRKIA STHN IDRYSH KENTRIKOY XRHMATISTHRIOY NOTIOANATOLIKHS EYRWPHS STH QESSALONIKH


  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (To Foroym ths Qessalonikhs)

  • [16] B.PAPANDREOY: ENERGEIAKO FOROYM BALKANIKHS

  • [17] APARAITHTH H DIATRAPEZIKH SYNERGASIA STA BALKANIA


  • [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II (Oi ejelijeis sto Kossyfopedio)

  • [18] O MILOSEBITS DEN QA EPITRECEI TH DHMIOYRGIA DHMOKRATIAS TOY KOSSYFOPEDIOY

  • [19] H BRETANIA PROTEINEI EMPARGKO OPLWN KATA THS GIOYGKOSLABIAS

  • [20] MYSTIKO ALBANIKO STRATO STHN PGDM BRISKEI SERBIKH EFHMERIDA

  • [21] O BOYGIANOBITS KATA TOY MILOSEBITS

  • [22] NATO: APOSTOLH PARATHRHTWN STHN ALBANIA


  • [E] EIDIKO PARARTHMA III (toy Spyroy Koyzinopoyloy)

  • [23] NAI STHN PYRHNIKH ENERGEIA, ME THN EFARMOGH OMWS TWN KANONISMWN


  • OI EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] DHLWSEIS MANTELH GIA THN OLYMPIAKH

    Anoixto afhse ena endexomeno dialogoy gia thn Olympiakh, o ypoyrgos Metaforwn Tasos Mantelhs, apodexomenos deyterogeneis tropopoihseis sto nomosxedio efoson bohqoyn thn ejygiansh. "Oi basikes ryqmiseis toy nomosxedioy einai aytes gia tis opoies den blepw kai egw na yparxei apodoxh apo thn pleyra twn ergazomenwn", eipe o k. Mantelhs kai prosqese oti h syzhthsh ginotan epi deytereyontwn zhthmatwn. Katelhje legontas oti oi ergazomenoi den epairnan qesh sta zhthmata ayta kai prosqese oti o dialogos den mporei na diarkesei ep' aoriston.

    "Sto sxedio dia nomoy problepetai, prokeimenoy na mporesei h Olympiakh Aeroporia na ekmetalleytei tis dynatothtes poy ths paroysiazontai, to pagwma twn apodoxwn sto epipedo poy htan stis 31.12.1997 gia ta eth 1998, 1999 kai to 2000", eipe xarakthristika o k. Mantelhs kai prosqese: "Epishs problepetai kai h katarghsh toy legomenoy epidomatos trofhs. Yparxoyn mia seira apo ryqmiseis poy aforoyn tis sxeseis ergasias, opws einai to elastiko wrario, to diakekommeno wrario, h polyapasxolhsh mesa stis bardies, oles ekeines oi dynatothtes poy prepei na exei h Olympiakh Aeroporia wste na mporei na einai antagwnistikh sto dieqnh xwro".

    [02] ANTIDRASEIS KOMMATWN STOYS KYBERNHTIKOYS XEIRISMOYS GIA THN OLYMPIAKH

    Qyella antidrasewn prokalesan sthn antipoliteysh oi kybernhtikoi xeirismoi sto qema ths Olympiakhs. Th systash ejetastikhs epitrophs zhthse h Nea Dhmokratia, enw o ekproswpos Typoy toy kommatos, Arhs Sphliwtopoylos, epishmane oti thn apokleistikh eyqynh ferei o ypoyrgos Metaforwn. "Eixame epaneilhmmena pei oti me ayth thn politikh qa odhgoysan thn Olympiakh sto shmerino katanthma", eipe o k. Sphliwtopoylos.

    H Genikh Grammateas toy KKE, Aleka Paparhga, eipe: "o laos prepei na shkwqei sto podi, na prostateysei ta dikaiwmata twn ergazomenwn sthn Olympiakh, na parempodisei to jepoylhma ths sth Lufthansa kai toys alloys ependytes".

    Thn aposyrsh toy nomosxedioy zhthse o Proedros toy Synaspismoy, Nikos Kwnstantopoylos, o opoios tonise oti h kybernhsh prepei na analabei tis eyqynes ths apotyxias toy programmatos ejygianshs ths Olympiakhs. Aparadekto, antidhmokratiko kai antilaiko xarakthrise to sxedio nomoy poy katateqhke xqes to brady, o Proedros toy DHKKI, Dhmhtrhs Tsobolas.

    To meshmeri o kybernhtikos ekproswpos, Dhmhtrhs Reppas, dhlwse oti den tiqetai qema paraithshs toy Proedroy ths Olympiakhs kai prosqese oti proqesh ths kybernhshs einai h ejygiansh ths Olympiakhs.

    [03] AKARPH H MESOLABHTIKH PROSPAQEIA THS GSEE GIA THN OLYMPIAKH

    Akarph apebh h synanthsh poy eixe to apogeyma antiproswpeia ths GSEE me ton ypoyrgo Metaforwn, Taso Mantelh kai ton proedro ths OSPA, Mixalh Perro, sto plaisio ths prospaqeias ths GSEE na gefyrwqei to xasma metajy ths kybernhshs kai twn ergazomenwn sthn Olympiakh.

    O proedros ths GSEE, Xrhstos Polyzwgopoylos, se dhlwseis toy meta th synanthsh tonise oti h kybernhsh exei apokleistika kai mono thn eyqynh gia osa symboyn sto ejhs kai aphyqyne ekklhsh na katanohsei oti enas dialogos triwn h tessarwn hmerwn epipleon qa odhghsei ta pragmata se poly kalytero dromo gia thn Olympiakh. "An den to katanohsoyn tote yparxei h epilogh na kleisei h Olympiakh Aeroporia kai apo ekei kai meta exoyn thn eyqynh aytoi poy qa thn kleisoyn, kai einai fysika h kybernhsh ayth poy qa kanei kati tetoio", eipe o k. Polyzwgopoylos.

    O proedros ths OSPA, Mixalhs Perros, tonise oti sto ejhs arxizoyn oi agwnes gia na krathqei h Olympiakh zwntanh kai na anatrapoyn oi anagkastikoi nomoi poy epiballei h kybernhsh.

    Sth synexeia o ypoyrgos Metaforwn, Tasos Mantelhs, metebh sth Boylh prokeimenoy na synanthqei me ton dieyqynonta symboylo ths Olympiakhs, enw ayrio to nomosxedio qa katateqei sthn epitroph Koinwnikwn Ypoqesewn ths Boylhs.

    Sto metajy, arxisan hdh na dhmioyrgoyntai sobara problhmata sta dromologia ths Olympiakhs, logw ths triwrhs stashs ergasias twn ergazomenwn sthn etaireia apo tis 5 mexri tis 8 to brady, alla kai twn sobarwn kaqysterhsewn, anabolwn kai mataiwsewn pthsewn.

    [04] STH MOSXA O AKHS TSOXATZOPOYLOS

    Trihmerh episkech sth Mosxa pragmatopoiei apo shmera o Ellhnas ypoyrgos Amynas Apostolos Tsoxatzopoylos o opoios eftase hdh sth rwsikh prwteyoysa.

    Kata th diarkeia synanthshs toy k. Tsoxatzopoyloy me to Rwso omologo toy Igkor Sergkegief, oi dyo pleyres qa syzhthsoyn qemata poy aforoyn sthn anaptyjh twn Ellhnorwsikwn sxesewn, oson afora sto stratiwtiko tomea, enw o Ellhnas ypoyrgos Amynas skopeyei na episkeftei tis rwsikes stratiwtikes egkatastaseis.

    Symfwna me phges toy rwsikoy ypoyrgeioy Amynas oi dyo ypoyrgoi qa epikentrwqoyn se qemata Eyrwpaikhs Asfaleias, enw prokeitai na syzhthsoyn kai thn katastash poy epikratei sto Kossyfopedio.

    Rwsoi eidikoi epi twn stratiwtikwn qematwn yposthrizoyn oti h Ellhnorwsikh synergasia apotelei apto paradeigma ths rwsikhs polypleyrhs synergasias me mia apo tis xwres toy NATO.

    Ayth einai h trith synanthsh toy k. Tsoxatzopoyloy me ton Rwso ypoyrgo Amynas kaqws oi dyo prohgoymenes pragmatopoihqhkan sto Belgio sto plaisio twn drasthriothtwn gia th synergasia anamesa sth Rwsia kai to NATO. L.M

    [05] EPISKECH MPERNS STHN ISRAHLITIKH KOINOTHTA QESSALONIKHS

    Thn proshlwsh toy sta eqnika qemata ths Elladas kai thn yperaspish twn eqnikwn dikaiwn ejefrase o proedros ths Israhlitikhs Koinothtas Qessalonikhs, Andreas Sefixa, kata th diarkeia synanthshs poy eixe shmera to prwi sta grafeia ths Koinothtas me ton presbh twn HPA sthn Ellada, Nikolas Mperns. "Eimaste Ellhnes polites, kai egw proswpika prowqw kai yperaspizomai ta eqnika dikaia toso sto Kypriako oso kai sta qemata poy aforoyn sto Aigaio. Den einai swsto na sygxeoyn toys Israhlites me toy Israhlinoys kai den qa hqela gia kanena logo na eimai egw o apologhths toy Israhl", eipe xarakthristika o k. Sefixa.

    O k Mperns ejefrase th lyph toy otan plhroforhqhke oti h Israhlitikh Koinothta ths Qessalonikhs htan ayth poy dexthke to megalytero plhgma apo to Olokaytwma, kaqws exase to 96% twn melwn ths, kai dhlwse pws qa epiqymoyse na bohqhsei gia thn megalyterh antiproswpeysh twn sefaraditwn ths Qessalonikhs sto Moyseio Olokaytwmatos ths Oyasigkton.

    O Amerikanos presbeyths ejomologhqhke ston k Sefixa oti kata th diarkeia ths prwths episkechs poy pragmatopoihse prin ligo kairo sth Qessalonikh, brhke thn eykairia, para ton periorismeno xrono poy dieqete, na episkeftei to mnhmeio toy Olokaytwmatos, to opoio xarakthrise sygklonistiko enw parallhla ejefrase thn epiqymia toy na episkeftei kai toy Moyseio Ebraikhs Diadromhs poy idryqhke persi..

    O k Sefixa apo thn pleyra toy dhlwse oti qewrei akrws timhtikh thn episkech toy k Mperns alla kai to endiaferon poy edeije gia thn Israhlitikh Koinothta ths Qessalonikhs.

    [06] APO AYRIO TIQETAI SE EFARMOGH H ENIAIA LISTA FARMAKWN

    Se efarmogh tiqetai apo ayrio h eniaia lista farmakwn. Me egkyklio toy, pros toys iatrikoys kai farmakeytikoys syllogoys ths xwras alla kai toys asfalistikoys organismoys, o yfypoyrgos Koinwnikwn Asfalisewn Manwlhs Skoylakhs anaferei oti apo ayrio oi asfalistikoi organismoi den qa ejofloyn ta skeyasmata poy den symperilambanontai sth lista.

    Symfwna me ton k.Skoylakh, h lista qa efarmostei ypoxrewtika toso apo giatroys kai odontiatroys twn asfalistikwn organismwn oso kai apo idiwtes giatroys kata thn anagrafh syntagwn stoys asfalismenoys olwn twn forewn kai kladwn asqeneias.

    Tis entones antidraseis toys sthn efarmogh ths listas exoyn ekfrasei oi syllogoi farmakopoiwn ths xwras, oi syntajioyxoi kai o syndesmos farmakobiomhxanwn.

    [07] AISIODOJOS GIA THN POREIA THS OIKONOMIAS O GIANNOS PAPANTWNIOY

    Idiaitera qetikes einai oi prooptikes gia thn poreia ths eqnikhs oikonomias, ystera apo thn ypotimhsh kai ta metra poy elabe h kybernhsh, dhlwse o ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Oikonomias, Giannos Papantwnioy, amesws meta th synanthsh poy eixe sto ypoyrgeio Makedonias-Qrakhs me toys ekproswpoys twn paragwgikwn tajewn ths Qessalonikhs.

    O stoxos gia plhqwrismo 2,5% sto telos toy xronoy einai epiteyjimos, gaiti sto b' ejamhno toy 1998 qa yparjei kaqodos toy timariqmoy, eipe o ypoyrgos kai zhthse apo toys epixeirhamties na deijoyn aytosygkrathsh kai na krathsoyn xamhla tis times, periorizontas to kerdos, wste na mhn jefygei apo ton elegxo o plhqwrismos.

    Anaferomenos stis antidraseis poy prokalese h nomoqetikh ryqmish ths kybernhshs gia thn Olympiakh Aeroporia o k. Papantwnioy eipe oti h Boylh den leitoyrgei aytarxika alla dhmokratika. Otan den epitygxanetai symfwnia analambanei rolo diaithth h eqnikh antiproswpeia, h Boylh, h opoia ekfrazei kai th boylhsh toy ellhnikoy laoy, kai oi nomoi prepei na ginontai sebastoi apo oloys, prosqese o ypoyrgos eqnikhs Oikonomias kai proanhggeile oti h idia meqodos qa akoloyqhqei kai stis tesseris DEKO-gia tis opoies exei nomoqethsei h kybernhsh- an den yparjoyn symfwnies.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh gia th diafwnia poy ejefrase o ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Amynas, Akhs Ttsoxatzopoylos, sxetika me thn allagh twn ergasiakwn sxesewn stis DEKO, eipe oti den akoyse ti eipe o k. Tsoxatzopoylos, gnwrizei, omws, oti yparxei mia omofwnh apofash toy ypoyrgikoy symboylioy gia tis idiwtikopoihseis.

    O ypoyrgos emfanisthke aisiodojos gia tis prooptikes anaptyjhs ths Qessalonikhs kai diapistwse oti proxwroyn me pio grhgoroys ryqmoys ta megala erga sthn perioxh, opws kai oi prwtoboylies stis xwres ths Balkanikhs. Sth synanthsh poy eixe me toys ekproswpoys twn paragwgikwn forewn ths Qessalonikhs desmeythke oti kaqe treis mhnes qa exei epafh mazi toys gia na toys enhmerwnei sxetika me tis ejelijeis sthn oikonomia kai thn politikh ths kybernhshs.

    Oson afora thn idiwtikopoihsh ths Trapezas Makedonias-Qrakhs shmeiwse oti h kybernhsh pairnei sobara ypoch tis protaseis twn ergazomenwn gia th diasfalish toys kai thn paramonh ths edras ths Trapezas sth Qessalonikh.

    O proedros toy Syndesmoy Biomhxaniwn Boreioy Ellados, Basilhs Takas, eipe oti o Syndesmos exei systhsei aytosygkrathsh sta melh toy giati pisteyei oti mono me ayto ton tropo kai thn amesh efarmogh twn synodeytikwn metrwn poy ejhggeile h kybernhsh einai dynato kai o plhqwrismos na mh jefygei kai na epityxei h sygkekrimenh kinhsh ths kybernhshs.


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [08] O KOTSARIAN KERDIZEI TIS PROEDRIKES EKLOGES THS ARMENIAS

    O prwqypoyrgos kai yphresiakos proedros ths Armenias Rompert Kotsarian prohgeitai stis proedrikes ekloges me katametrhmeno peripoy to 50% twn chfodeltiwn, kaqws sygkentrwnei pososto 61.7%, enw o synypochfios toy, prwhn hgeths toy Kommoynistikoy Kommatos, Karen Ntemirtsian poy kybernhse thn Armenia epi 14 xronia epi Sobietikhs Enwshs ton akoloyqei me pososto 38,3%.

    H eklogikh epitroph ths Armenias anakoinwse oti stis 5:30 to prwi den eixe labei kanena chfodeltio apo thn prwteyoysa ths xwras, Ereban, enw melos ths epitrophs dhlwse oti kai me thn jatal]tqgsg aytwn twn chfodeltiwn eite qa parameinei idio to eklogiko apotelesma, eite qa enisxyqei to pososto toy k. Kotsarian.

    Symfwna me ton proedro ths Eqnikhs Syneleyshs ths Armenias, Almpert Mpazegian, h eklogikh diadikasia diejhxqh omala, se sygkrish me ton prwto gyro kai den shmeiwqhkan paratypies. "Kataferame na pragmatopoihsoyme kanonikes ekloges", dhlwse o k. Mpazegian sto armeniko praktoreio eidhsewn "Noyan-Tapan", prosqetontas oti ayth h paradosh prepei na synexistei kai sto mellon.

    O Rompert Kotsarian qewreitai eqnikos hrwas, kaqws hgeito twn Armeniwn toy Nagkorno Karampax, eparxias toy Azermpaitzan epi Sobietikhs Enwshs, me amigeis armenikoys plhqysmoys, h opoia diekdikhse thn enswmatwsh ths sthn Armenia, me ton polemo toy 1988- 1994, epitygxanontas mia nikh sta metwpa, h opoia omws den exei anagnwristei apo th dieqnhs koinothta. L.M

    [09] RWSIA: ANADIORGANWSH TOY SYMBOYLIOY ASFALEIAS

    H rizikh anadiorganwsh toy rwsikoy Symboylioy Asfaleias, problepetai se diatagma toy proedroy Gieltsin, me kentrikoys stoxoys th meiwsh toy apasxoloymenoy proswpikoy, alla kai thn eyelijia, sto epipedo lhchs apofasewn.

    Etsi, to bohqhtiko proswpiko toy grammatea toy symboylioy qa apoteleitai apo 6 atoma, symperilambanomenoy kai toy prwtoy antiproedroy, enw o ariqmos twn epikefalhs twn armodiwn dieyqynsewn meiwnetai apo 21 se 10. Parallhla, to plaisio armodiothtwn toy symboylioy deyrynetai kai pros thn kateyqynsh twn metarryqmisewn stis enoples dynameis, poy apoteloysan antikeimeno toy Amyntikoy Symboylioy.

    Wstoso, h kyria armodiothta toy Symboylioy Eqnikhs Asfaleias entopizetai sthn paroxh analytikhs plhroforhshs pros to Kremlino, se qemata eswterikhs kai ejwterikhs asfaleias, alla kai ston apotelesmatiko elegxo twn eqnikwn porwn gia thn yperaspish twn rwsikwn eqnikwn symferontwn.

    Ta metra periorismoy toy proswpikoy entassontai se genikoterh taktikh ths kybernhshs Gieltsin, poy apoblepei ston periorismo twn kratikwn dapanwn,katopin sxetikwn odhgiwn twn dieqnwn oikonomikwn organismwn. N.X.

    [10] AISIODOJOS GIA TIS ENTAJIAKES DIAPRAGMATEYSEIS THS KYPROY ME THN EE O G.KRANIDIWTHS

    "Mia nea poreia poy isws einai h shmantikoterh ejelijh gia to kypriako apo to 1974", ektima oti shmatodotoyn oi entajiakes diapragmateyseis ths Kyproy me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, o yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths Elladas, Giannos Kranidiwths, o opoios ekfrazei thn aisiodojia oti qa exoyn qetikh katalhjh.

    Se synenteyjh toy sth radiofwnikh yphresia toy BBC, o k.Kranidiwths ekfrazei thn pepoiqhsh oti oi diadikasies entajhs qa proxwrhsoyn me thn kypriakh kybernhsh poy ekproswpei oloklhrh thn Jupqiaj^ Dhmokratia kai ektima oti h entajiakh diadikasia qa leitoyrghsei katalytika gia thn ejeyresh mias biwsimhs kai dikaihs lyshs sto kypriako. Oson afora th stash ths Agkyras kai toy Toyrkokyprioy hgeth Raoyf Ntenktas, o k.Kranidiwths tonizei: "Nomizw oti oi Toyrkoi kai oi Toyrkokyprioi einai ayth th stigmh aixmalwtoi ths politikhs toys. Mias politikhs h opoia odhgei se adiejoda kai toys apomakrynei apo thn Eyrwph".

    Sxetika me tis apeiles poy epanalambanei h toyrkokypriakh pleyra gia enswmatwsh twn katexomenwn sthn Toyrkia sthn periptwsh poy h Kypros entaxqei sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, o k.Kranidiwths anagnwrizontas oti "ta pragmata den einai asfalws eykola", leei xarakthristika: "Ayth th stigmh oti kai na kanei h toyrkikh pleyra den prokeitai na anagnwristei. Oi kinhseis poy ginontai gia dhqen enswmatwsh sthn Toyrkia, einai kinhseis paranomes, den prokeitai kaneis na tis anagnwrisei".

    Oso gia tis epifylajeis poy exoyn ekfrastei stoys kolpoys ths koinothtas gia thn entajh ths Kyproy, ypogrammizei oti oi entajiakes diapragmateyseis einai gegonos kai anaferei oti ta opoia problhmata emfanisthkan sto parelqon jeperasthkan xwris epiptwseis sthn entajiakh poreia. exoyn jekinhsei. "Dioti", ypogrammizei katalhgontas, "oi apofaseis gia enarjh diapragmateysewn apo eyrwpaikhs pleyras htan omofwnes kai den synedean kaqoloy thn entajh me thn poreia ths politikhs lyshs sto kypriako".

    [11] ANTIQETH H OYASIGKTON STHN EGKATASTASH TWN S-300 STHN KYPRO

    Thn antiqesh toy sthn egkatastash twn rwsikwn pyraylwn S - 300 sthn Kypro, kaqws kai sto endexomeno na katalhjoyn sthn Ellada, ejefrase o ekproswpos toy Steit Ntipartment Tzeims Roympin.

    O k. Roympin anefere oti den exei ypoch toy dhmosieymata gia endexomenh metafora twn pyraylwn aytwn sthn Ellada, prosqese wstoso oti kati tetoio qa mporoyse na exei sobaroteres synepeies kai oti ayto exei katastei safes pros oles tis emplekomenes pleyres. Pantws dieykrinhse oti qa parameinei epishmh anafora gia to qema.

    [12] APEILEI ME ENSWMATWSH TWN KATEXOMENWN STHN TOYRKIA O NTENKTAS

    O Toyrkokyprios hgeths Raoyf Ntenktas, epanelabe tis apeiles gia enswmatwsh twn katexomenwn sthn Toyrkia, oso proxwroyn oi entajiakes diapragmateyseis ths Kyproy me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh.

    Se synenteyjh toy sth radiofwnikh yphresia toy BBC, o Raoyf Ntenktas, eipe xarakthristika: "Qa kanoyme me thn Toyrkia oti akribws oi Ellhnokyprioi me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh. Oi Ellhnokyprioi qa exoyn thn oikonomikh eleyqeria na aisqanontai kai na energoyn ws tmhma ths Eyrwphs, enw emeis qa exoyme thn idia eleyqeria entos ths Toyrkias kai me thn Toyrkia gia na enisxysoyme thn oikonomia mas alla kai gia na mhn apomonwqoyme".

    O Ntenktas ypogrammise oti oso h ellhnokypriakh pleyra synexizei tis synomilies gia thn entajh ths sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, toso to ceydokratos qa proxwrei pros enswmatwsh me thn Toyrkia, em~ apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh, eipe oti ta katexomena den prokeitai na metatrapoyn se nomo ths Toyrkias. "Opws h Kypros den qa ginei nomos ths Eyrwphs, etsi kai emeis den qa ginoyme nomos ths Toyrkias. Qa anaptyjoyme omws tis oikonomikes sxeseis", tonise.

    [13] ENISXYMENA METRA ASFALEIAS ZHTA H TOYRKIA GIA THN EPISKECH KARANTAGI STHN AQHNA

    Me aformh thn pyrpolhsh toy aytokinhtoy toy toyrkoy stratiwtikoy akoloyqoy sthn Aqhna ta jhmerwmata ths Kyriakhs, to toyrkiko Geniko Epiteleio zhthse thn efarmogh enisxymenwn metrwn asfaleias, sth diarkeia ths dihmerhs episkechs toy strathgoy Karantagi sthn Ellada.

    O Karantagi qa brisketai sth xwra mas thn Deytera kai thn Trith gia na parastei sth diaskech twn arxhgwn twn genikwn epiteleiwn twn xwrwn melwn ths Dytikoeyrwpaikhs Enwshs (DEE), thn proedria ths opoias, askei h Ellada. Sth diarkeia ths paramonhs toy, qa synanthqei me ton ellhna omologo toy, pterarxo Aqanasio Tzoganh.

    Opws einai gnwsto, o Karantagi kinei ta nhmata apofasewn toy stratiwtikoy katesthmenoy sthn Agkyra, poy sthn pleiochfia twn periptwsewn exoyn oysiastikh barythta se baros twn apofasewn ths politikhs hgesias.

    Parallhla me thn episkech Karantagi, oi ypoyrgoi Amynas Ismet Sezgkin kai Ejwterikwn Ismahl Tzem, qa episkeftoyn thn Rodo ton Maio, sto plaisio ths ypoyrgikhs diaskechs ths DEE. N.X.

    [14] STRATHGIKO SXEDIO GI A THN ANADEIJH THS QESSALONIKHS SE KENTRO TWN BALKANIWN

    Tis anagkaies parembaseis poy einai aparaithto na ylopoihqoyn amesa, prokeimenoy na katastei h Qessalonikh kentro sthn eyryterh Balkanikh, perilambanei strathgiko sxedio poy synetaje omada episthmonwn toy APQ, gia logariasmo toy Organismoy Ryqmistikoy ths polhs.

    Anamesa se alla, to sxedio proteinei: Anabaqmish ths perioxhs ths dytikhs eisodoy Qessalonikhs, kyriws me thn epanaxrhsh biomhxanikwn ktiriwn, alla kai thn anegersh newn gia thn egkatastash katoikiwn, grafeiwn, jenodoxeiwn kai xwrwn staqmeyshs aytokinhtwn. Apokatastash palaiwn jenodoxeiakwn ktiriwn sto istoriko kentro ths polhs, gia th dhmioyrgia diktyoy jenodoxeiwn, dynamikothtas 500- 700 klinwn. Idrysh Dieqnoys Kentroy Oikonomikhs kai Episthmonikhs Synergasias kai egkatastash toy sto Sedes, to opoio problepetai na filojenhsei kai draseis twn paragwgikwn forewn ths polhs, sthn kateyqynsh ths anaptyjhs dieqnwn kai diaperifereiakwn synergasiwn. Dhmioyrgia kentrwn metaforas texnologias kai kainotomiwn se synergasia me ta AEI, idrysh forewn, poy kai sto parelqon exoyn protaqei, opws ta institoyta klwstoyfantoyrgias kai trofimwn kai enisxysh twn drasthriothtwn toy Texnologikoy Parkoy Qermhs kai toy J]mtqou Sthrijhs MME. Gia thn egkatastash twn dyo institoytwn, proteinontai palaia ktiria kapnapoqhkwn sth Stayroypolh kai h Amerikanikh Gewrgikh Sxolh antistoixa, h opoia -symfwna me to sxedio- einai ikanh na kalycei kai epipleon drasthriothtes toy Parkoy. Apokatastash kai epanaxrhsh anajiopoihtwn, shmera, xwrwn gia th filojenia politistikwn ekdhlwsewn. Enisxysh ths dynatothtas anadeijhs ths Qessalonikhs se dieqnh sygkoinwniako kai metaforiko kombo sthn perioxh, me th dhmioyrgia dyo newn emporeymatikwn staqmwn sthn polh. Anabaqmish koinwnikwn ypodomwn, opws oi yphresies ygeias, oi paidikoi staqmoi, h ekpaideysh kai o aqlhtismos.

    Epipleon, to sxedio katagrafei epimeroys draseis poy anadeiknyoyn to dieqnh xarakthra ths polhs, opws h proselkysh dieqnoys ependytikoy kefalaioy sthn perioxh, me thn egkatastash ypokatasthmatwn polyeqnikwn epixeirhsewn, to anoigma twn ellhnikwn epixeirhsewn pros tis xwres kyriws ths Balkanikhs, alla kai h xrhsh ypodomwn sthn polh gia thn ejyphrethsh geitonikwn lawn, kyriws ston tomea paroxhs yphresiwn ygeias (nosokomeio "Papagewrgioy", Balkaniko Diagnwstiko Kentro"), sthn ekpaideysh (Amerikanikh Gewrgikh Sxolh, Balkaniko Kentro Metaforas Texnologias) kai to emporio.

    [15] ARNHTIKH H TOYRKIA STHN IDRYSH KENTRIKOY XRHMATISTHRIOY NOTIOANATOLIKHS EYRWPHS STH QESSALONIKH

    Arnhtikh stash threi h toyrkikh pleyra sth prwtoboylia poy prowqoyn oi Ellhnes epixeirhmaties gia thn idrysh Kentrikoy Xrhmatisthrioy Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs me edra ths Qessalonikh. O antiproedros toy Xrhmatisthrioy Ajiwn Kwnstantinoypolhs Aril Seren se synenteyjh toy sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn dhlwnei oti den einai anagkaia h idrysh enos tetoioy Kentrikoy Xrhmatisthrioy Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs th stigmh poy to Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn ths Kwnstantinoypolhs eixe prowqhsei apo to 1995 thn idea kai malista eixe prwtostathsei sthn idrysh Omospondias Xrhmatisthriwn Eyrasias.

    "Prokeitai gia kati to opoio emeis, ws Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn Kwnstantinoypolhs, to skefthkame to 1995. Malista tote eixame thn idea na symperilabei oxi mono ta xrhmatisthria ths Balkanikhs alla ths Eyrasias, dhladh twn xwrwn ths Eyrwphs poy den einai entagmenes sthn EE, ths Kentrikhs kai Dytikhs Asias kai ths Meshs Anatolhs. Etsi prwtostathsame sthn idrysh Omospondias Xrhmatisthriwn gia thn ekplhrwsh aytoy toy skopoy" leei o k Seren. O antiproedros toy Xrhmatisthrioy Ajiwn ths Kwnstantinoypolhs probalei to epixeirhma oti proypoqesh gia thn idrysh Kentrikoy Xrhmatisthrioy einai na plhroyn ta idia stantart ola ta xrhmatisthria ths perioxhs. "Gia na epiteyxqei ayto" synexizei o k Seren, "xreiazetai panw apo ola ergasia. Dhladh prepei ayta ta xrhmatisthria na ftasoyn ta dieqnh stantart kai apo apoch kanonismwn kai apo apoch texnologias. Emeis pisteyoyme oti me thn idrysh ths Omospondias Xrhmatisthriwn Eyrasias mporoyme na petyxoyme ena tetoio apotelesma kai gia ayto arxisame th drash".

    Opws epishmainei o k Seren h Omospondia, sthn opoia arxika meteixan 12 xrhmatisthria, shmera exei 22 melh enw to Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn Kwnstantinoypolhs exei thn proedria kai thn genikh grammateia ths . "To Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn Kwnstantinoypolhs se prwth fash exei kanei arketa bhmata me ayth thn prwtoboylia. Se mia deyterh fash, otan ta xrhmatisthria qa plhroyn ta sygkekrimena stantart, qa einai dynato na synergastoyn kai na kanoyn tis synallages. Emeis gia na ejasfalisoyme ayth th synergasia dhmioyrghsame, sto plaisio toy Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn Kwnstantinoypolhs, mia eleyqerh perioxh, mia dieqnh agora opoy oi ajies mporoyn na agorazontai kai na pwloyntai aforologhta. Exoyme etoimasei thn ypodomh apo to 1996 . Sto ejhs perimenoyme apo ta xrhmatisthria ths perioxhs ths Eyrasias, mazi me tis etaireies poy exoyn eisaxqei se ayta na erqoyn se ayth th dieqnh agora" prosqetei o k Seren apeyqynontas prosklhsh entajhs sthn Omospondia se ola ta endiaferomena xrhmatisthria ths perioxhs. Parallhla epishmainei oti qa zhthqei synergasia, sto plaisio ayths ths dieqnoys agoras poy exei idryqei sthn Toyrkia, me osa xrhmatisthria exoyn ena sygkekrimeno epipedo kai plhroyn sygkekrimena stantart, me tis idies eyqynes kai armodiothtes poy exei kai to Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn Kwnstantinoypolhs.

    O k Seren yposthrizei oti h idrysh enos Kentrikoy Xrhmatisthrioy Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs sth Qessalonikh den einai anagkaia th stigmh poy yparxei h ypodomh sth Qessalonikh. Symfwna le ton k Seren den tiqetai kan qema antagwnistikothtas me to Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn ths Kwnstantinoypolhs, to opoios opws epishmainei perilambanetai ston katalogo twn deka pio aneptygmenwn xrhmatisthriwn ths Eyrwphs. "Einai kata poly megalytero apo ta xrhmatisthria ths perioxhs kai apo thn apoch toy megeqoys ths eswterikhs agoras kai apo thn apoch twn jenwn kefalaiwn ton opoiwn to meridio ftanei peripoy to 50%. Epomenws se mia tetoia prwtoboylia einai fysiko na hgeitai h Kwnstantinoypolh. To Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn ths Kwnstantinoypolhs exei kanei aytes tis proetoimasies kai skeftomaste oti oloi prepei na epwfelhqoyn apo aytes tis dynatothtes. Den yparxei ayth th stigmh anagkh gia idrysh Kentrikoy Xrhmatisthrioy Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs sth Qessalonikh" katalhgei o k Seren.


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (To Foroym ths Qessalonikhs)

    [16] B.PAPANDREOY: ENERGEIAKO FOROYM BALKANIKHS

    Sthn proqesh ths ellhnikhs pleyras na prowqhsei th dhmioyrgia energeiakoy foroym ths Balkanikhs, anaferqhke h ypoyrgos Anaptyjhs, Basw Papandreoy, milwntas shmera sthn 5h epixeirhmatikh synanthsh gia thn anaptyjh ths synergasias sth Notioanatolikh Eyrwph, poy pragmatopoieitai sth Qessalonikh.

    Stoxos ths energeias ayths einai h diamorfwsh koinhs energeiakhs strathgikhs, poy qa ajiopoiei th symplhrwmatikothta twn energeiakwn systhmatwn twn xwrwn ths perioxhs, pros ofelos ths kaqemias. Epishs, h dhmioyrgia toy katallhloy plaisioy gia thn antallagh apocewn kai epafwn, metajy twn eqnikwn dioikhsewn kai ths energeiakhs biomhxanias.

    H energeia ayth entassetai sto plaisio ths prospaqeias poy kataballetai, toso se epipedo energeiakwn forewn oso kai se epipedo balkanikwn kybernhsewn kai Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, gia th diasyndesh kai th leitoyrgia twn diabalkanikwn energeiakwn diktywn.

    H politikh boylhsh sthn kateyqynsh ayth -shmeiwse h k. Papandreoy- exei ekdhlwqei stis epimeroys dimereis epafes, alla kai me thn desmeysh twn ypoyrgwn Energeias kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs na yposthrijoyn kai na prowqhsoyn sygkekrimena erga, basei meleths poy xrhmatodothse h E.E.

    Sta erga ayta exoyn perilhfqei, ws prwths proteraiothtas, o agwgos petrelaioy Mpoyrgkas-Alejandroypolhs, h enisxysh twn diasyndesewn toy ellhnikoy hlektrikoy diktyoy me ta diktya twn geitonikwn kratwn kai o agwgos metaforas petrelaioy kai proiontwn metajy Qessalonikhs twn Skopiwn. Epishs, apofasisthke h dhmioyrgia eniaias agoras hlektrikhs energeias sth Balkanikh, gia thn kalych twn energeiakwn anagkwn sthn perioxh, poy qa leitoyrgei ws tmhma ths dieqnoys agoras.

    Gia thn eyodwsh ths prospaqeias apaiteitai, symfwna me thn ypoyrgo, h synergasia eqnikwn dioikhsewn kai idiwtikoy tomea kai h parallhlh apotelesmatikh ajiopoihsh twn dynatothtwn poy prosferoyn programmata ths E.E., anaptyjiakes trapezes kai dieqneis prwtoboylies, opws h SECI.

    Sthn omilia ths, sth diarkeia ths synedriashs gia thn em]qceia, th biomhxania kai to emporio, h k. Papandreoy diapistwse ragdaia ayjhsh twn emporikwn rown, metajy twn balkanikwn xwrwn. Anaferqhke stis prospaqeies ths ellhnikhs pleyras gia thn anaptyjh twn emporikwn sxesewn me tis geitonikes xwres kai tonise oti h ypotimhsh ths draxmhs anamenetai na epidrasei qetika sthn antagwnistikothta twn ellhnikwn proiontwn.

    Se o,ti afora th biomhxania, ypogrammise oti to endiaferon epikentrwnetai sth Boreia Ellada kai anaferqhke sto eidiko programma gia thn enisxysh twn basikwn ypodomwn sthn perioxh, ycoys 9 dis. drx. To programma diaxeirizetai h etairia anaptyjhs idiwtikwn ypodomwn Boreioy Ellados.

    Telos, na shmeiwqei oti kata thn enarjh ths omilias ths B. Papandreoy, ergazomenoi ths Trapezas Makedonias-Qrakhs epixeirhsan na anarthsoyn pano mesa sthn aiqoysa, diamartyromenoi gia th dromologhqeisa idiwtikopoihsh ths Trapezas. Wstoso me parembash twn diorganwtwn toy Foroym aposyrqhkan xwris na dhmioyrghqoyn problhmata.

    [17] APARAITHTH H DIATRAPEZIKH SYNERGASIA STA BALKANIA

    Protash gia thn ylopoihsh enos balkanikoy programmatos "Interreg", antistoixoy me to omwnymo koinotiko, poy omws qa exei ws apokleistiko stoxo thn ektelesh koinwn ypodomwn stis xwres ths Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs, kateqese shmera, sto 5o dieqnes foroym sth Qessalonikh, o yfypoyrgos Oikonomikwn, Nikos Xristodoylakhs.

    Skiagrafwntas tis draseis poy qa prepei na anaptyxqoyn gia thn epityxh diatrapezikh synergasia sta Balkania, o k.Xristodoylakhs ekane logo gia anagkh enisxyshs twn ependysewn se tomeis ajiopoihshs koinwn balkanikwn pleonekthmatwn kai gia metafora ths ellhnikhs empeirias se qemata nomismatikhs kai synallagmatikhs politikhs.

    Proteine akomh th dhmioyrgia elkystikwn trapezikwn programmatwn gia mikrokataqetes, wste na apofeyxqei sto mellon o kindynos newn "pyramidwn", th stadiakh eisagwgh prwtoboyliwn katanalwtikhs pisths kai th xrhmatodothsh ergwn ypodomhs mesw sygxronwn morfwn idiwtikhs symmetoxhs.

    O k.Xristodoylakhs ypogrammise, allwste, oti h eqnikh politikh poy efarmozei to kaqe balkaniko kratos, qa prepei na diamorfwnetai basei enos sxedioy strathgikhs anaptyjhs ths eyryterhs perioxhs. To anaptyjiako ayto sxedio qa prepei na perilambanei eparkh metaforika kai epikoinwniaka diktya, ta opoia qa enisxysoyn to rolo ths Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs, ws megalhs perifereiakhs agoras, me isxyres endoperifereiakes sxeseis kai sygxronh ypodomh.

    Draseis-"kleidia" gia thn eqnikh strathgikh ths Elladas sta Balkania, apoteloyn, symfwna me ton k.Xristodoylakh, h epixeirhmatikh synergasia, h prowqhsh ths politikhs sygxwneysewn, h dhmioyrgia diktywn epixeirhsewn, oi texnologikes anadiarqrwseis kai h dhmioyrgia mias neas genias dioikhtikwn stelexwn, "me empeiria sth dynamikh ths pagkosmiopoihshs".

    Sthn anagkh prosarmoghs twn Ellhnwn epixeirhmatiwn stis proklhseis toy mellontos, prin xaqei perissoteros polytimos xronos, anaferqhke -sth diarkeia toy synedrioy- o ypodioikhths ths Ehmij^r Trapezas, Nikos Karamoyzhs. "H dieqnopoihsh twn agorwn den afhnei polla periqwria gia oligwria kai kaqysterhsh sth lhch apofasewn kai thn ektelesh twn anagkaiwn diarqrwtikwn allagwn. H kyria epiptwsh twn kaqysterhsewn, qa einai h epayjhsh toy kostoys prosarmoghs kai h apwleia eykairiwn", eipe xarakthristika o k.Karamoyzhs, tonizontas, pantws, oti shmeiwnetai shmantikh ayjhsh toy diabalkanikoy emporioy apo kai pros thn Ellada.

    Anaferomenos sto endiaferon ths Eqnikhs Trapezas gia tis balkanikes agores, yposthrije oti ayto den einai eykairiako, oyte kerdoskopiko: "Eyelpistoyme sthn epiteyjh ikanopoihtikwn apodosewn apo th makroxronia paroysia mas sthn perioxh, symballontas sthn oikonomikh anaptyjh twn xwrwn aytwn".

    Ypenqymizetai oti, poly syntoma, h Eqnikh qa idrysei ypokatasthmata sto Beligradi, enw exei hdh lhfqei adeia gia na leitoyrghsoyn -mesa sto 1998- dyo nea katasthmata sthn Albania. Parallhla, sto ameso mellon idryontai sth Boylgaria kai th Roymania qygatrikes xrhmatisthriakes etairies, enw dhmioyrgoyntai topika dealing rooms sta katasthmata ths trapezas sth Sofia, to Boykoyresti kai ta Tirana. Endiaferon paroysiazei kai h monada anadyomenwn agorwn sto dealing room ths Eqnikhs sto Londino, gia synallages sta nomismata kai ta xrhmatooikonomika ergaleia twn xwrwn aytwn.

    Th diatrapezikh synergasia proteine ws "antidoto" gia tis dyskolies poy antimetwpizoyn ta balkanika xrhmatopistwtika idrymata, o proedros ths Trapezas Makedonias-Qrakhs, Spyridwn Koyniakhs. "H dieqnhs synergasia kaqistatai shmera perissotero apo pote anagkaia gia thn ejygiansh kai ton eksygxronismo twn trapezikwn systhmatwn ths Balkanikhs. Oi ellhnikes trapezes mporoyn kai prepei na exoyn symbolh pros thn kateyqynsh ayth".

    Apo thn empeiria poy yparxei me bash th leitoyrgia topikwn ellhnikwn trapezwn sth Roymania kai thn Albania, fainetai oti oi prooptikes einai qetikes. Oi topikes trapezes apolambanoyn ths empistosynhs twn apotamieytwn, afoy qewroyntai ejairetika fereggyes kai symballoyn sth metafora texnognwsias apo tis xwres egkatastashs.

    Antiqeta, h empeiria apo thn idrysh kai leitoyrgia ypokatasthmatwn h grafeiwn antiproswpeias ellhnikwn trapezwn sta Balkania den einai ikanopoihtikh, afoy den epeteyxqh mexri shmera shmantikh proselkysh ths ntopias agoras kai oi ergasies toys perioristhkan kyriws sthn paroxh yphresiwn pros ellhnikes epixeirhseis kai ependytes.

    Symfwna me ton k.Koyniakh, mia idiaitera endiaferoysa protash einai h dhmioyrgia koinopraktikwn trapezwn shmantikoy megeqoys, opoy qa metexoyn ellhnika xrhmatopistwtika idrymata, mia dieqnhs trapeza kai -se shmantiko pososto- ntopioi kefalaioyxoi h epixeirhseis.

    O k.Koyniakhs ejefrase, telos, thn ikanopoihsh toy, sxetika me th gnwsth prosfath symfwnia twn eji pistwtikwn idrymatwn apo thn Ellada, thn Albania, th Boylgaria, th Roymania kai th Serbia, gia thn kinhsh kefalaiwn kai tis kataqeseis metanastwn stis balkanikes xwres.

    Sth dynatothta anaptyjhs twn diatrapezikwn "symmaxiwn" kai sta shmantika ofelh poy synepagontai aytes, anaferqhke kai o dieuh}mym symboylos ths American Bankers Associations Securities Association, Lari Laroko, fernontas ws paradeigma thn idiaitera epikerdh diapoliteiakh synergasia twn amerikanikwn trapezwn. "Poyqena ston kosmo den yparxei ena teleio eqniko trapeziko systhma kai h prosfath krish ths Asias mas edeije poso stena syndeontai oi dieqneis agores", ypogrammise.

    Sth shmantikh prosfora twn ellhnikwn trapezwn pros thn kateyqynsh ths anaptyjhs ths diatrapezikhs synergasias, anaferqhke h proedros ths roymanikhs Bank Post, Elena Petsoyleskoy. "H Ellada, xwris distagmo, edraiwse thn paroysia ths se agores poy se alloys fainontan epikindynes. H Eqnikh Trapeza ejaplwqhke sth Boylgaria, thn Albania kai th Roymania, prosferontas poiotikes yphresies, bohqwntas toys Ellhnes epixeirhmaties kai tis topikes oikonomies kai yposthrizontas tis ellhnikes koinothtes stis perioxes aytes".

    To trapeziko systhma ths Roymanias paroysiase o antiproedros ths Dieqnoys Emporikhs Trapezas ths Mayrhs Qalassas, Kostin Ntonoaika, tonizontas oti o antagwnismos sth xwra ayjanetai me ragdaioys ryqmoys, kaqws shmera yparxoyn 40 trapezes. Anaferqhke akomh sth shmantikh beltiwsh ths nomoqesias poy afora to trapeziko systhma kai ekane logo gia tis idiwtikopoihseis twn megalwn trapezikwn idrymatwn ths xwras, gnwstopoiwntas oti mesa sto 1998 qa perasoyn se xeria idiwtwn h Roymanikh Trapeza Anaptyjhs, h Agrotikh Trapeza kai h Bank Post.


    [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II (Oi ejelijeis sto Kossyfopedio)

    [18] O MILOSEBITS DEN QA EPITRECEI TH DHMIOYRGIA DHMOKRATIAS TOY KOSSYFOPEDIOY

    "O proedros ths Omospondiakhs Dhmokratias ths Gioygkoslabias, Slompontan Milosebits den prokeitai na diapragmateytei thn anejarthsia toy Kossyfopedioy h th dhmioyrgia jexwrisths Dhmokratias sto plaisio ths gioygkoslabikhs omospondias", dhlwse sto serbiko praktoreio eidhsewn BETA anwtero stelexos toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos ths Serbias, to opoio qelhse na diathrhsei thn anwnymia toy.

    Opws metadidei to BETA, ekproswpoi twn grafeiwn toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos Serbias poy leitoyrgoyn se poleis toy Kossyfopedioy synanthqhkan thn perasmenh Pempth sto Beligradi me ton k.Milosebits. Kata th diarkeia ths synanthshs o proedros Milosebits enhmerwqhke gia tis synqhkes diabiwshs twn Serbwn sto Kossyfopedio kai diabebaiwse oti akoma kai ypo ton kindyno twn oikonomikwn kyrwsewn, den qa egkrinei thn anejarthtopoihsh h th dhmioyrgia Dhmokratias toy Kossyfopedioy. E.P.

    [19] H BRETANIA PROTEINEI EMPARGKO OPLWN KATA THS GIOYGKOSLABIAS

    Empargko oplwn kata ths Gioygkoslabias prokeitai na proteinei shmera h Bretania sto Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE, sthn prospaqeia poy katabalei prokeimenoy na epilyqei h krish sto Kossyfopedio, anaferoyn Bretanoi diplwmates, enw parallhla h Rwsia epidiwkei wqomij^ paratash, oson afora sthn apofash gia th epibolh kyrwsewn.

    "Xreiazomaste perissotero xrono, epeidh den exoyn lhfqei ypoch oles oi parametroi poy ypogrammise h Rwsikh Omospondia sxetika me th lhch metrwn kata ths Gioygkoslabias", dhlwse xarakthristika se dhmosiografo toy Gallikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn, Rwsos apestalmenos sto Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE.

    To empargko oplwn qa anagkasei to Beligradi na arxisei dialogo me toys Albanoys toy Kossyfopedioy, me skopo na toys doqei politikh aytonomia. L.M

    [20] MYSTIKO ALBANIKO STRATO STHN PGDM BRISKEI SERBIKH EFHMERIDA

    Deka xiliades melh ths organwshs "Apeleyqerwtikos Stratos toy Kossyfopedioy" briskontai se katafygia toy oroys Sar Planina, to opoio katalambanei to boreiodytiko tmhma ths PGDM kai synoreyei me to Kossyfopedio, yposthrizei se dhmosieyma ths h efhmerida "Politika" toy Beligradioy.

    H efhmerida dhmosieyei malista kai xarth toy boreiodytikoy tmhmatos ths PGDM, panw ston opoio me belh ypodeiknyontai ta shmeia sta opoia yparxoyn ypocies oti einai sygkentrwmenoi oi 10.000 oplismenoi Albanoi.

    Symfwna me thn "Politika", h opoia epikaleitai anwnymes phges ths, stis oreines perioxes ths boreiodytikhs PGDM yparxoyn epishs apoqhkes me panw apo 100.000 karampines, aytomata opla kai kanonia, ta opoia mesw diaforwn mystikwn diadromwn metaferontai sto Kossyfopedio. E.P.

    [21] O BOYGIANOBITS KATA TOY MILOSEBITS

    O prwqypoyrgos toy Mayroboynioy Filip Boygianobits, katadikase thn apofash toy proedroy ths Neas Gioygkoslabias Slompontan Milosebits, na mhn dextei synanthsh me ton amerikano apestalmeno Rompert Gkelmparnt.

    "Otan epiqymeis na synomilhseis me th dieqnh koinothta den arneisai na synanthqeis me ton apestalmeno toy proedroy twn HPA. Prepei na sebomaste toys ekproswpoys aytwn poy exoyn politikh kai oikonomikh dynamh", dhlwse xarakthristika o Boygianobits stigmatizontas thn diafora apocewn sta teleytaia gegonota, metajy ths kybernhshs toy kai toy Beligradioy.

    Sto prosfato parelqon exoyn katagrafei dhlwseis kybernhtikwn ajiwmatoyxwn toy Mayroboynioy, poy diaforopoioyntai apo tis epiloges toy Milosebits sto qema toy Kosobo, yposthrizontas thn paroxh kinhtrwn gia politikh kai oikonomikh anaptyjh twn perioxwn poy zoyn oi albanofwnoi. N.X.

    [22] NATO: APOSTOLH PARATHRHTWN STHN ALBANIA

    To NATO qa proxwrhsei sthn apostolh 56 parathrhtwn sta synora ths Albanias me to Kosobo, symfwna me anakoinwsh ekproswpoy ths symmaxias stis Bryjelles.

    H ejelijh ayth, parathreitai meta thn diatypwsh sxetikoy aithmatos apo thn albanikh kybernhsh kai qa ylopoihqei mesa sto epomeno dimhno. Oi parathrhtes qa apoteloyntai apo stratiwtiko, kai apo politiko proswpiko, enw h prwth omada anamenetai na ftasei sthn Albania, mexri ta telh ths bdomadas.

    To NATO qelei na proxwrhsei sthn ylopoihsh "prosqetwn drasthriothtwn" sto albaniko edafos, enw sto parelqon kratoyse stash anamonhs, gia thn opoiadhpote emplokh ths stis ejelijeis ths geitonikhs xwras. N.X.

    [E] EIDIKO PARARTHMA III (toy Spyroy Koyzinopoyloy)

    [23] NAI STHN PYRHNIKH ENERGEIA, ME THN EFARMOGH OMWS TWN KANONISMWN

    "Nai sthn efarmogh ths pyrhnikhs energeias, me thn pisth efarmogh omws twn kanonismwn", tonizei milwntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o sympatriwths mas Hlias Gyftopoylos, kaqhghths sto diashmo panepisthmio MIT ths Bostwnhs, enas apo toys kalyteroys pyrhnikoys episthmones shmera stis Hnwmenes Politeies ths Amerikhs kai anagnwrismenos apo oloys ws "prytanhs ths Ellhnoamerikanikhs omogeneias" ths Bostwnhs- ths deyterhs se plhqysmo omogenwn mas perioxhs twn HPA, me 250.000 peripoy Ellhnes omogeneis.

    O kaqhghths Hlias Gyftopoylos, apotelei enan apo toys kalyteroys presbeytes ths xwras mas stis Hnwmenes Politeies. Dedomenoy oti to epi dekaeties ergo toy ston tomea ths asfaleias twn pyrhnikwn ergostasiwn- ena qema poy synexizei na prokalei to entono endiaferon ths dieqnoys koinhs gnwmhs, idiaitera meta to atyxhma sto Tsernompil kai tis blabes sto ergostasio pyrhnikhs energeias sto Kozlontoyi ths Boylgarias-agnwrizetai shmera apo toys episthmonikoys kai akadhmaikoys kykloys stis HPA.

    Idiaitera gia thn pyrhnikh energeia, o Ellhnoamerikanos kaqhghths, milwntas sto MPE, parathrei oti kaqws oi diaqesimes shmera phges energeias den jeroyme poso qa diarkesoyn, einai aparaithth h ejeyresh kai allwn phgwn energeias. Enw o hlios, poy fainetai san anejantlhth phgh, den eibnai eykolo shmera na ajiopoihqei, toso apo pleyras kostoys, oso kai qanathforwn atyxhmatwn.

    O Hlias Gyftopoylos, phge sto panepisthmio MIT to 1953, ligo meta thn apofoithsh toy apo to Metsobio Polytexneio Aqhnwn, gia na parei to didaktoriko toy ws hlektrologos-mhxanikos. 'Omws, paremeine monima sth Bostwnh, otan allajan ta episthmonika toy endiaferonta kai anamixqhke me thn pyrhnikh energeia sthn arxh kai katopin me th qermodynamikh. "Eimai eyxaristhmenos apo th stadiodromia moy. Ean den hmoyn, den qa eixa meinei stis HPA", synhqizei na leei.

    Apantwntas stis erwthseis toy Makedonikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn, o diakekrimenos sympatriwths mas anaferei : - Mia kai asxolhqhkate me to qema ths asfaleias twn pyrhnikwn antidrasthrwn pisteyetai oti ta metra asfaleias poy lambanontai s^leqa einai se ikanopoihtiko epipedo, toylaxiston me thn empeiria kai toy atyxhmatos toy Tsernompil; -Kata th gnwmh moy einai ejairetikh. Na ta paroyme ena-ena. To Tsernompil apotelei ejairesh dioti htan o xeiroteros typos pyrhnikoy ergostasioy, poy mporoyse na sxediastei. 'Opws einai gnwsto, eftaige o antidrasthras aytoy toy typoy, kai den einai oloi oi rwsikoi antidrasthres etsi. Einai san ena aeroplano poy petaei. Ean o xeirisths toy aeroplanoy den exei ola ta organa kai ta systhmata elegxoy diarkws se leitoyrgia, to aeroplano qa pesei. An stamathsoyn oi kinhthres to aeroplano qa pesei. H periptwsh toy Tsernompil einai aytoy toy typoy. Exreiazeto diarkhs parakoloyqhsh, afenos men ths leitoyrgias kai afeteroy twn synqhkwn ypo tis opoies qa eprepe na leitoyrgei o antidrasthras. Gia kapoio logo, oi ergazomenoi ekei, apofasisan na kanoyn kati peiramata kai na parablecoyn toys kanonismoys,kati poy odhghse sto atyxhma. Kai epeidh aytoy toy typoy ta ergostasia sthn tews Sobietikh Enwsh den exoyn ejwteriko kalymma yphrjan kai epiptwseis sto periballon poly asxhmes. - Epeidh arketa ergostasia sthn anatolikh Eyrwph einai ths idias texnologias kai kapoia apo ayta einai kai konta sthn Ellada, opws to Kozlontoyi sth Boylgaria, apo 'kei jekinaei kai mia anhsyxia kata poso yparxei kindynos s' ayta ta ergostasia; -Mporei na dikaiologhqei anhsyxia, mono ean ginoyn paratypies kai den prosejoyn aytoi poy parakoloyqoyn th leitoyrgia. Ean omws efarmozontai oi kanonismoi, tote den yparxei logose anhsyxias. Na allo ena paradeigma: Ean stis prizes toy hlektrismoy, balei kaneis ta daktyla toy me mia proka, qa paqei hlektroplhjia. Bebaia to exoyme maqei kai den bazoyme ta daktyla mas sthn priza kai gi' ayto o hlektrismos einai xrhsimos. Alla panta yparxei aytos o kindynos. H mikrh moy korh otan megalwse ligaki kai egine eji-epta xronwn, ths eixan zhthsei na gracei mia ekqesh idewn me kati poy ths ekane entypwsh otan htan mikrh, kai egrace oti otan htan triwn etwn, prospaqwntas na katalabei giati anaboyn ta fwta otan gyrizoyme to diakopth kai nomizontas oti einai kati sa nero, hqele na parei mia proka kai na thn balei sthn priza, na spasei to swlhna, gia n' arxisei na bgainei ejw kai na dei ti einai. Alla emeis eixame kalycei oles tis prizes, den mporoyse na bgalei to kalymma kai etsi eytyxws den ebale to xeri ths na dei pws qa 'bgaine to nero. Loipon ypo ayth thn ennoia panta yparxei kindynos. - Me thn ejelijh ths texnologias blepete na phgainoyme se alles enallaktikes morfes energeias; -Xairomai poy me rwthsate, ayto einai spoydaio erwthma. Kai qa sas apanthsw. H texnologia einai meso den einai skopos ths zwhs. Analogws ti qeloyme, apofasizoyme pws qa to ikanopoihsoyme kai h texnologia einai o kalyteros tropos poy exei brei h anqrwpothta mexri shmera kai apodeijh aytoy toy pragmatos einai oi texnologika anaptygmenes xwres. Exoyme meso oro anamenomenhs zwhs 70-80 wq|mia, se sxesh me thn Afrikh poy exoyn 50. Phgainoyme sxoleio 15- 20 xronia h kati tetoio ths zwhs mas, enw ekei phgainoyn mono ena xrono sxoleio. Exoyme ena giatro ana 300 katoikoys, enw ekei sto Mpagklantes p.x. exoyn ena giatro ana 50.000 katoikoys. Doyleyoyme 1700-1800 wres to xrono gia na epizhsoyme, enw ekei doyleyoyn 7000- 7500 wres to xrono, opws kai o pateras moy kai molis poy katafernoyn na epizhsoyn kai tajideyoyme na pame na doyme kai alla pragmata, ajioqeata, enw h giagia moy to megalytero tajidi poy eixe kanei pote sth zwh ths htan na paei me ta podia apo th Sternitsa sth Dhmhtsana kai pisw k.o.k.

    Ola ayta ta pragmata gia na ginoyn, xreiazetai energeia. Gi' ayto h kata kefalhn katanalwsh stis biomhxanika prohgmenes xwres einai para poly megalyterh apo tis mh biomhxanika prohgmenes xwres. Ara oti kai na kanoyme, xreiazomaste energeia, an qeloyme na exoyme ayth thn anesh ths zwhs. To na zoyme perissotera xronia den einai ylismos. To na mhn eimaste arrwstoi, oyte n' arrwstainoyme, na 'xoyme periqalch den einai ylistiko. Poios anqrwpos qa hqele na blepei toys goneis toy, ta paidia toy, ton eayto toy na ypoferei kai na mhn exei iatrikh periqalch h na einai agrammatos;

    Einai poly kalo apo anqrwpistikhs pleyras na exeis paei sxoleio kai na exei maqei grammata para na eisai agrammatos. Loipon, ayta qeloyn kai energeia. Oi phges energeias poy exoyme mexri twra den jeroyme akribws poso qa diarkesoyn, alla en pasei periptwsei einai ejantlhsimes. Merikoi qa sas poyn 50 xronia, 100 xronia, kanenas den leei xiliethrides. Alla exoyme anagkh na kanoyme dyo pragmata. To ena einai na xrhsimopoihsoyme thn energeia oso to dynaton pio apodotika kai to deytero prepei na broyme kai alles phges energeias, oytws wste na plhsiasoyme to problhma kai apo apocews katanalwsews, gia tis anagkes kai apo apocews prosforas. Yparxoyn dyo dynatothtes gia nees phges energeias. O hlios kai oi pyrhnikes antidraseis. O hlios einai h anejantlhth gia anqrwpina oria phgh. Kai ginetai prospaqeia ajiopoihsews toy hlioy. Den einai poly eykolo to pragma dioti kai apo oikonomikhs pleyras, alla kai apo apocews qanathforwn atyxhmatwn, o hlios den einai toso eykolos oso nomizei o kosmos. Kai na sas pw giati.

    H posothta energeias poy erxetai apo ton hlio einai kaqorismenh apo th fysh h xreiazontai orismena ylika na syllejeis se ena tetragwniko metro paradeigmatos xarin kai na metatreceis sthn morfh poy qeleis na th xrhsimopoihseis kai eidikotera se hlektrismo. Ta ylika poy xrhsimopoioyntai einai xalkos, sidhros, gyali, monwtika ylika kai tetoioy eidoys pragmata. Alla ayth th stigmh, ektos apo th qermansh toy neroy, ta ylika poy xreiazesai gia na parageis mia monada energeias einai polla se posothta, kai gi' ayto allwste einai akoma akribh h hlektrikh energeia apo ton hlio. Twra ti synebh apo apoceis asfaleias kai qanathforwn atyxhmatwn. Exoyme statistikes poy lene pws oi anqrwpoi skotwnontai se oryxeia ana tono ejoryssomenoy ylikoy, posoi sth metafora aytoy toy ylikoy ana tonoxiliometro, posoi sthn epejergasia, posoi sthn egkatastash, synthrhsh klp. Den einai polla, se sxesh me ti kerdizoyme apo th xrhsh ths biomhxanias. Alla en pasei periptwsei oi eidikoi exoyn kanei ayth thn ektimhsh jai briskoyn oti ana monada energeias yparxei enas ariqmos qanathforwn atyxhmatwn kai sthn hliakh energeia logw ths posothtas twn ylikwn poy xrhsimopoioyntai kai twn atyxhmatwn poy synepagetai h xrhsimopoihsh ths.

    Twra, an ton sygkrinetai ayton ton ariqmo ana monada energeias me ta qanathfora atyxhmata ths pyrhnikhs energeias qa deite oti kai ta dyo einai para poly mikra. H pyrhnikh energeia deixnei oti einai kalyterh. Kai o logos einai poly aplos. Apo thn pyrhnikh energeia, bgazei kaneis diakosia ekatommyria fores pio poly energeia ana monada ylikoy poy xrhsimopoieis apo oti ta mhxanhmata poy xrhsimopoioyn ton hlio. Kai etsi enw einai megalyteros o kindynos apo thn pyrhnikh energeia logw ths mikroteras xrhsimopoihsews posothtwn ylhs erxetai mprosta. Alla mh nomizetai oti einai kai idanikh h hliakh, oyte h mia oyte h allh. Aplws sth sygkrish, epeidh fores nomizoyme oti den exei kamia shmasia to na xrhsimopoihsoyme hliakh energeia, akribws ayto den einai gnwsto. Kai etsi apo ayths ths pleyras den einai toso asxhmh h pyrhnikh energeia. Bebaia, o kosmos skeftetai diaforetika se olo ton kosmo shmera kai den toy aresei h pyrhnikh energeia. Alla apo apocews asfaleias kai epiptwsewn sto periballon exei para poly kala xarakthristika. Yparxoyn dyo eidwn pyrhnikes energeies. Ayth poy xrhsimopoioyme twra, dhladh me th diaspash toy oyranioy, me th sxash toy oyranioy, kai h allh poy den exoyme akomh na thn elegjoyme kai na th ftiajoyme se sxhmata, ektos apo ydrogonikes bombes einai me th synthjh ydrogonoy, allwn ylikwn poy einai poly elafra. Etsi sto mellon kata pasa piqanothta qa exoyme ena syndyasmo aytwn twn dyo eidwn kai h pyrhnikh energeia den einai toso, prepei na th xrhsimopoihsoyme prosektika.

    qa sas dwsw dyo ariqmoys poy einai poly shmantikoi. Prin apo 50 xronia peripoy h posothta ths hlektrikhs energeias poy yphrxe se olo ton kosmo htan 1000 monades kai apo aytes oi 40 monades htan stis HPA. To 40% dhladh htan stis HPA kai to 60% se olo ton ypoloipo kosmo. H pyrhnikh energeia shmera, par' oti einai mikro pososto ths olhs energeias paragei diplasia energeia apo oti olh h energeia to 1950 kai omws den exoyme tosa polla atyxhmata. To ena toy Tsernompil kai to allo htan to Three Mail Island, to opoio omws den eixe kamia epiptwsh sto koino, htan oikonomiko atyxhma, alla apo apocews epiptwsewn sto koino den eixe kamia epiptwsh, dioti o antidrasthras htan kalymmenos gyrw-gyrw. Kai pali edw htan to anapofeykto anqrwpino sfalma. - Ejakoloyqoyn oi ereynes ston tomea ths asfaleias; -Ejakoloyqoyn, bebaiws kai ginontai kai neoi sxediasmoi pyrhnikwn ergostasiwn, pantote yparxei periqwrio beltiwsewn. Alla en pasei periptwsei, ayth th stigmh, ta pragmata den einai toso asxhma oso qa elege kaneis oti einai apo tis antidraseis toy kosmoy. Enas paragontas poy qa kanei to problhma pio entono, einai oi epiptwseis sto periballon. Opws jerete, 90% ths energeias poy xrhsimopoioyme shmera proerxetai apo kaysima (petrelaio, fysiko aerio kai anqraka). Kai oi treis aytes phges, se diaforetiko baqmo h kaqe mia, alla en pasei periptwsei oles, exoyn megales epiptwseis sto periballon kai apo apocews qermokhpioy, oso kai apo ap|xeyr allwn rypantikwn poy eklyontai kata thn kaysh. Ta pyrhnika ergostasia apo ayth thn apoch, exoyn mhden epiptwsh sto periballon. Oyte stis synqhkes sto problhma toy qermokhpioy symmetexoyn, oyte se rypantika. Mono yparxei to problhma twn radienergwn apoblhtwn. Olos o kosmos qelei na exei energeia, qelei na tajideyei, qelei na exei megalo spiti k.o.k., alla otan erqei h stigmh ths apofasews poy qa apoqhkeytoyn ta apoblhta, leei oxi sto pisw meros toy spitioy moy, se kapoioy alloynoy to pisw meros toy spitioy toy. Ayto einai to pio spoydaio kai to pio dyskolo problhma.


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