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Macedonian Press Agency: Special News in Greek, 98-03-06

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory

EKTAKTO DELTIO EIDHSEWN TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY

Qessalonikh 6 Martioy 1998


RAMIZ ALIA : "NA BREQEI DHMOKRATIKH LYSH STO KOSSYFOPEDIO" (toy Dwrh Kyriazh)

Thn anagkh na breqei mia dhmokratikh lysh sto problhma toy Kossyfopedioy, epishmainei o teleytaios o teleytaios kommoynisths hgeths ths Albanias Ramiz Alia, se apokleistikh synenteyjh poy paraxwrhse sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn, ligo prin thn anaxwrhsh toy apo th Qessalonikh, opoy ypoblhqhke se epityxh epembash sto kardioxeiroyrgiko kentro toy nosokomeioy "G. Papanikolaoy".

O k. Alia, epikrinei th stash twn Eyrwpaikwn xwrwn sto problhma toy Kossyfopedioy, parathrwntas oti "sta gegonota toy Kossoboy h Eyrwph argoporei, etsi akribws opws kai sth Bosnia". Enw ektimwntas oti h katastash sto Kossobo mporei na ginei akomh pio periplokh, apo ekeinh ths Bosnias, shmeiwnei oti h albanikh kybernhsh den mporei para na symparastaqei ston albaniko lao poy diamenei sto Kossyfopedio.

Anaforika me tis teleytaies ejelijeis sthn Albanias, o Ramiz Alia qewrei oti "thn Albania thn katestrece to kaqestws Mperisa, o opoios eixe egkatasthsei sth xwra ena apolytarxiko kaqestws, basismeno ston eparxiwtismo kai to nepotismo", zhta na yposthrixqei h shmerinh kybernhsh toy Fatos Nano, gia na pataxqei h diafqora, ekfrazei de thn antiqesh toy sthn apoch oti ola ta straba ths Albanias prepei na fortwnontai ston Enber Xotza. "Panw toy rixthke poly lasph. Den mporw na pw oti den ekane laqh. Omws den prepei na jexname kai tis dyskoles katastaseis poy perase h xwra", leei.

H plhrhs synenteyjh toy tews proedroy ths Albanias sto M.P.E. exei ws ejhs :

-Kyrie Proedre, dexeste ton xarakthrismo "albanos Gkormpatsof" poy sas apedwsan sth dekaetia toy '80; Poia htan h filosofia twn metarryqmisewn poy jekinhsate tote kai den prolabate h argoporhsate na oloklhrwsete;

-O parallhlismos poy ginetai einai abasimos. Milame gia dyo diaforetika megeqh, dyo diaforetikes xwres, gia dyo, an qelete, diaforetikes proswpikothtes. An doyme twra thn oysia, o reformismos toy Gkormpatsof htan enas reformismos poy katestrece ton sosialismo. Htan enas reformismos poy symfwnhse me ta aithmata twn ypokinhtwn toy Xuwqo} Polemoy kai ton antikommoynistiko prosanatolismo toy. Enw ayto poy egw epidiwja na kanw sthn Albania aforoyse metra poy apeblepan sth diorqwsh orismenwn laqwn h elleicewn ths sosialistikhs anaptyjhs ths xwras prokeimenoy na edraiwqoyn ta qemelia ths tote albanikhs koinwnias kai na apofeyxqoyn oi arnhtikes epiptwseis poy fainontan na sysswreyontai baqmiaia. Ayth htan en oligois h diafora.

-As erqoyme twra sthn 20h Febroyarioy 1991, otan plhqos diadhlwtwn gkremise ton andrianta toy E. Xotza sthn Plateia "Skentermpeh" twn Tiranwn. Htan pragmatika megalh epityxia h apofygh ths aimatoxysias, h opoia den apofeyxqhke, dystyxws, argotera, thn anoijh toy 1997, katw apo entelws diaforetikes synqhkes. Poios, kata thn ektimhsh sas, katestrece thn Albania;

-To prwto skelos ths erwthshs sas sysxetizei ta osa qa mporoysan na eixan symbei stis 20 Febroyarioy '91 me osa synebhsan kata th laikh ejegersh ths anoijhs 1997. Einai apolyta alhqes oti me to gkremisma toy andrianta toy Enber Xotza kai genika me tis allages poy arxisan na lambanoyn xwra sta politika pragmata ths Albanias, yphrxe to endexomeno - oxi qewrhtiko, alla xeiropiasto - koinwnikwn ekrhjewn kaqws ena systhma sto opoio htan afosiwmenoi ekatontades xiliades anqrwpwn, gia na mhn poyme h pleiochfia toy laoy, katerree dinontas th qesh se ena allo poy ekeinh thn epoxh ekproswpoyntan apo periorismenes dynameis. Ara yphrxan oi proypoqeseis gia pragmatikh aimatoxysia. Ean egw edina diatagh na diafylaxqei to mnhmeio pash qysia, ayto qa shmaine makeleio. Ean egw den sygkratoysa thn ormhtikothta twn antidrasewn poy ayqormhta kai eilikrina ekdhlwqhkan (qymizw tis omades twn "Eqelontwn toy Enber") mprosta s' aytes tis allages, sthn Albania qa eixame aimathres sygkroyseis kata poly pio ektetamenes ap' aytes ths perasmenhs anoijhs. Ki ayto dioti to 1991 eprokeito gia allagh koinwnikwn systhmatwn kai ideologiwn. To 1997, antiqetws, htan ekfrash toy misoys twn laikwn mazwn enantion mias apolytarxias (autocracy), enantion enos katapiestikoy systhmatos poy espeire th dixonoia sthn Albania, th ftwxyne, poy katestrece otidhpote qetiko eixe dhmioyrghsei o albanikos laos. Den eprokeito loipon gia sygkroyseis ideologikhs fysews, eprokeito gia jeshkwma enantia se enan eparxiwth apolytarxh toy eidoys toy Sali Berisha poy katestrece thn Albania. Den jeshkwqhke o laos enantia sto lao, alla enantia sthn apolytarxia. Htan oi diafores symmories poy organwqhkan apo th SHIK, thn astynomia kai to strato toy Mperisa poy espeiran thn katastrofh. Kai ennoeitai pws se tetoies periptwseis mazi me ta stegna pane kai ta xlwra. Oson afora to deytero skelos ths erwthshs, apantw aperifrasta oti thn Albania thn katestrece to kaqestws Mperisa, o opoios den efere th dhmokratia sthn Albania kai malista oyte poy badise sto dromo ths dhmokratikhs proodoy, alla, antiqeta, egkatesthse, opws eipa, ena apolytarxiko kaqestws, basismeno ston eparxiwtismo kai nepotismo. Eprokeito gia ejoysia mias omadas, mias klikas anqrwpwn poy katagontan apo mia orismenh gewgrafikh perioxh. To kratos ayto metatraphke se meso employtismoy ths kybernwsas klikas me dyo kyriws tropoys: me th spatalh ths dhmosias perioysias mesw twn idiwtikopoihsewn poy ftwxynan to lao kai katestrece olh thn albanikh oijomol_a poy poylhqhke gia pente fragka mono kai mono na ploytisoyn kapoia atoma poy nai men phran ta ergostasia alla kanena ap' ayta den leitoyrghse. Gia na ftasoyme stis pyramides poy, ektos twn allwn, prokalesan megalo kako ston albaniko lao giati ton emaqan na mhn ergazetai, dhmioyrghsan thn entypwsh oti h zwh mporei na kerdhqei me to kaqisio, oti ta xrhmata erxontai apo ton oyrano, xwris ependyseis, xwris kopoys. Yparxei omws xwra ston kosmo poy na mhn paragei kai na epibiwnei; Sthn oysia sthn Albania kanenas den ergazetai dioti h biomhxania einai anyparkth, h gewrgia exei opisqodromhsei stis prwtogones morfes ths. Gi' ayto kai pisteyw oti h nyn kybernhsh qa xreiastei na katabalei megalh prospaqeia gia thn allagh ayths ths nootropias, prokeimenoy na mpei mia tajh kai na janakinhqoyn oi dhmioyrgikes dynameis toy laoy. Kai den ennow mono toys dianooymenoys alla olo to lao. As paroyme fer' eipein toys metanastes. Apoteloyn terastia bohqeia gia thn albanikh oikonomia. Ekatontades ekatommyria dolaria - karpos toy idrwta toys ftanoyn kaqe xrono sthn Albania. Ean ajiopoihqoyn ayta ta posa se paragwgikes ependyseis h Albania qa proodeysei kai malista me grhgoroys ryqmoys. Kai qa prokocei oxi diakoneyontas apo toys alloys alla me ton idrwta twn paidiwn ths.

-Eisaste dhladh aisiodojos gia thn kybernhsh Nano. Blepete me empistosynh to ergo ths;

-Den yparxei amfibolia gia to oti h paroysa kybernhsh brisketai antimetwph me megales dyskolies, qa prepei omws na paradextoyme oti oi megales aytes dyskolies den proekycan shmera. H kybernhsh ayth ajizei na yposthrixtei wste na mporesei na antepejelqei sta aithmata toy laoy. Pisteyw epishs oti einai anagkh na epideijei arketo realismo prokeimenoy na peisei kai to lao kai th dieqnh koinothta oti h proodos kai h anaptyjh qa erqoyn mono mesw mias metabatikhs periodoy. Yparxei diafqora. Prepei na pataxqei. Kai den einai shmerino fainomeno. To idio kai to laqremporio. Poy einai ta atoma ayta; Kanenas den mporei na ferei empodia sthn efarmogh toy nomoy. Sthn shmerinh albanikh politikh skhnh proswpika den blepw allh dynamh poy qa mporoyse na prosferei mia enallaktikh lysh ap' o,ti h eyreia symmaxia twn proodeytikwn dynamewn poy apartizoyn thn paroysa kybernhsh. Epanerxomai sta gegonota ths perasmenhs anoijhs kai sthn perifhmh antiqesh borra - notoy poy toso poly dialaloyse thn epoxh ekeinh o Mperisa. Ti pisteyei gia to zhthma ayto o katagomenos apo th Skodra, mhtropolh toy albanikoy borra, Ramiz Alia;

-Gia mena h antiqesh ayth einai texnhth, dioti thn teleytaia penthkontaetia - gia na mhn pame sta xronia ths eqnikhs anagennhshs - o albanikos laos exei entona kallierghsei to aisqhma ths eqnikhs enothtas. O boreios kai o notios enwnontan apo polla koina stoixeia. O Mperisa, opws eipa akoloyqhse mia eparxiwtikh politikh, mia politikh dixonoias dhmioyrgwntas mia poly arnhtikh eikona ths diakybernhshs ths xwras. Xrhsimopoihse ton eparxiwtismo kai ton nepotismo topoqetwntas se shmeia-kleidi ths kratikhs mhxanhs anqrwpoys apo thn a h th b eparxia. Dhmioyrghse etsi thn entypwsh oti orismenes perioxes toy borra epiballontai stis ypoloipes. Prosqese s' aut\ th metriothta twn anqrwpwn aytwn, gia na mhn pw thn amaqeia. Omws h laikh ejegersh toy 1997, oso paradojo kai an fanei, edeije to antiqeto, edeije thn enothta toy laoy. Dioti den ejegerqhke o borras enantion toy notoy kai oyte o notos enantion toy borra. O Mperisa prospaqhse na steilei sto noto toys misqoforoys toy alla ekeinoi den polemhsan enantion toy laoy. Parte an qelete ta teleytaia gegonota. Prospaqhse na ejegeirei th Skodra gia na dhmioyrghsei ayth th fora thn entypwsh oti o borras jeshkwnetai enantia sto noto. Omws kai ta liga stoixeia poy ebgale stoys dromoys ths Skodras apomonwqhkan entelws apo to ypoloipo toy laoy ths polhs. To idio synebh kai stis alles boreies perioxes ths xwras. Synepws, pantote ta oneira tetoiwn atomwn poy onomazontai eparxiwtes basizontan stis fatries. Einai omws sigoyro oti qa apotyxainoyn panta...

-Ena apo ta kyria kai poly lepta zhthmata poy kaleitai na antimetwpisei h albanikh kybernhsh einai kai ekeino toy Kossyfopedioy. Poia einai h apoch sas ypo to ws kai twn teleytaiwn ejelijewn; Poia qa mporoyse na einai h kalyterh dynath lysh toy problhmatos;

-Qa eimai ligaki epikritikos sto shmeio ayto. Pisteyw oti h Eyrwph sta balkanika zhthmata yphrje panta argoporhmenh. Oi Megales Dynameis dhmioyrghsan th Gioygkoslabia stis arxes toy aiwna, meta ton Prwto Pagkosmio Polemo, oxi basei twn arxwn ths aytodiaqeshs twn lawn kai ths epiqymias toys, alla basei twn symferontwn poy eixan sthn perioxh. Moy fainetai pws thn idia taktikh, dhladh th diafylajh twn dikwn toys symferontwn kai oxi twn lawn, prospaqhsan na efarmosoyn sta xronia '90-'91 otan eixame ta gegonota ths Slobenias kai ths Kroatias. Qa qymosaste oti tote kykloforhsan polloi xartes, o Lordos Karigkton proteine diafores lyseis dioti hqele na enarmonisei prwtistws ta symferonta twn megalwn kratwn kai oxi toso ta symferonta twn lawn. Lhsmonhsan oti oi laoi den briskontai pia stis arxes toy aiwna. Arxise o polemos ths Bosnias, o opoios stoixise 250.000 nekroys. Omws kai sta gegonota toy Kossyfopedioy fainetai na argoporei h Eyrwph etsi akribws opws kai sth Bosnia. Kai pali, se sxesh me to Kossobo, h syzhthsh epikentrwnetai sto na breqoyn ekdoxes poy aresoyn sth Rwsia, th Germania, thn Agglia, th Serbia klp. kai oxi sto pws na epilyqei dikaia to eqniko problhma twn Albanwn poy apoteloyn to 90% toy plhqysmoy toy Kossyfopedioy. To Kossobo yphrje ena apo ta oktw systatika stoixeia ths prwhn Gioygkoslabias. Oi alloi apekthsan thn anejarthsia, paroti mikroteroi, opws sthn periptwsh toy Mayroboynioy h twn Skopiwn. Oi Kossobaroi omws; Giati; Dioti epikratei akoma h palia nootropia epilyshs twn zhthmatwn symfwna me tis epiqymies toy enos kai toy alloynoy kai oxi me ta symferonta toy laoy. Sto Kossobo ejantloyntai epikindyna ta apoqemata ypomonhs. Ki ayto kaqista ta pragmata idiaiterws epikindyna kai h Eyrwph prepei na exei syneidhsh toy oti mporei na breqei mprosta se mia katastash arketa pio periplokh ap' o,ti ekeinh ths Bosnias ean den parembei egkairws kai orqa gia na apokatasthsei ta dikaiwmata twn Albanwn sto Kossyfopedio alla kai sta Skopia. Oso gia thn albanikh kybernhsh den mporei para na symparastaqei ston albaniko lao poy diamenei sta dika tou edafh sto Kossobo. Dhladh na sebastoyme th boylhsh toy laoy o opoios prepei na einai eleyqeros kai anejarthtos. Kanenas den mporei na parakamcei to aithma ayto toy laoy toy Kossyfopedioy. Oi Albanoi den einai gia polemo, den qeloyn th bia, dioti gnwrizoyme kala ta osa ypoferame apo toys polemoys, th bia, thn tromokratia twn allwn. Gi' ayto kai epidiwkoyme mia dhmokratikh lysh, Ayto omws den shmainei oti qa epitrecoyme na mas kabalikecoyn oi alloi.

-Pisteyete oti h epanafora toy kaqestwtos dieyrymenhs aytonomias qa ikanopoioyse gia thn wra toys Kossobaroys;

-Exoyn zhthsei me dhmochfisma thn anejarthsia toys. Qeloyn na einai ena eleyqero kai anejarthto kratos, ejw apo th dikaiodosia ths Serbias. Egw den mporw na presbeyw tipota diaforetiko apo to aithma toy dhmochfismatos toys. To pws qa ftasoyme mexri ekei einai allo zhthma.

-Se liges meres qa episkeftei epishma thn Ellada o albanos proedros k. Meintani. Pws blepete na ejelissontai oi dimereis sxeseis;

-Niwqw xaroymenos poy oi albanoellhnikes sxeseis exoyn mpei se aisio dromo kai anamfibola h episkech Meintani qa anoijei nees prooptikes anaptyjhs toys. Eipa kai prosfata oti o albanoellhnikos paragontas kai h filia twn dyo xwrwn exoyn shmasia oxi mono gia thn Ellada kai thn Albania alla apoktoyn megalo baros kai gia ola ta Balkania. Dioti oi dyo laoi mas exoyn arxaies paradoseis filias metajy toys. Prepei na jexastoyn kai na apokleistoyn entelws ta shmeia tribwn metajy twn dyo xwrwn poy sthn oysia pote den prohlqan apo toys idioys toys laoys mas. Sthn istoria xiliethridwn twn sxesewn mas den gnwrizw periptwseis polemwn metajy twn dyo lawn. Gnwrizw apo ta maqhtika moy xronia thn ellhnikh istoria, me gohteye panta h ellhnikh myqologia, h ellhnikh poihsh, h texnh, h episthmh kai genika o politismos. De briskw loipon kanena shmeio tribhs twn symferontwn toy ellhnikoy kai albanikoy laoy. Stis meres mas o ellhnikos laos symparasteketai ston albaniko. Anefera prohgoymenws tis xiliades albanwn metanastwn poy briskontai sthn Ellada kai apoteloyn terastia bohqeia gia thn Albania. Ki ayth einai mia amesh bohqeia poy h Ellada parexei sthn Albania. Pisteyw oti h albanikh kybernhsh kai o albanikos laos ektimane idiaiterws to gegonos ayto opws pisteyw epishs oti to ektima kai h ellhnikh kybernhsh h opoia blepw na prospaqei na nomimopoihsei kai ryqmisei me ton kalytero tropo ta problhmata twn albanwn metanastwn.

-Fetos symplhrwnontai 150 xronia apo th dhmosieysh toy "Kommoynistikoy Manifestoy". Se prosfath synenteyjh sas den apodexeste thn idea oti o sosialismos katerreyse oloklhrwtika kai oristika. Ti ennoeite me ayth th qesh sas; Einai epikairos o Marj;

-Den arnoymai to oti o sosialismos ypesth bary xtyphma kai oti anatraphke se megalo meros twn eyrwpaikwn xwrwn. Einai mia pragmatikothta poy den mporei kaneis na arnhqei. Mporoyme omws na poyme oti me osa synebhsan phre telos h kommoynistikh ideologia, phran telos oi idees toy Marj, phran telos oi epidiwjeis twn anqrwpwn gia koinwnikh dikaiosynh, klp., klp.; Akribws me ayth th qesh den symfwnw. Pisteyw oti para thn htta poy ypesth o sosialismos, den pa}ei na einai mia empeiria me ta qetika kai arnhtika ths. Mporw omws na pw oti ta anqrwpina idanika gia pio dikaih koinwnia paramenoyn, opws den mporw na pw oti o sosialismos apetyxe epeidh o Marj einai pia jeperasmenos h oi idees toy einai kenes periexomenoy. Mporei na yparxoyn idees toy poy xreiazetai na anaqewrhqoyn, alles poy einai pia parwxhmenes, par' ola ayta o Marj paramenei enas filosofos apo to ergo toy opoioy oi anqrwpoi mporei na antlhsoyn akomh kai shmera xrhsima didagmata. Ti qa ginei sto mellon; Edw egkeitai to megalo problhma. Kai gia na apanthqei to erwthma einai anagkh na melethsoyme kai ta epiteygmata kai ta laqh poy emfanise o sosialismos sthn poreia toy. Kai qewrhtika kai praktika. Pantws o kosmos brisketai se synexh allagh kai anazhthseis. Oi anazhthseis aytes aforoyn kai ton Marj.

-Grafei apomnhmoneymata o Ramiz Alia; An nai, yparxei kati poy qa hqele na eixe kanei diaforetika sth zwh toy, yparxoyn kapoioi apo toys opoioys qa hqele na zhthsei syggnwmh;

-Exw gracei kai dhmosieysei kata kairoys kai me diafores eykairies. Den desmeyomai an qa gracw h den qa gracw. Pantws h grafh me gohteyei poly. Oson afora th metanoia, sth zwh kaqe anqrwpoy yparxoyn anamfibola shmeia kai stoxoi poy mporei na laqece h na mhn pragmatopoihse. Gia to an prepei na zhthsw syggnwmh apo kapoion, sas lew eilikrina oti den exw kanei tipota se baros allwn. Yp' ayth thn ennoia, pisteyw oti mporei na ginei logos gia anqrwpina laqh poy einai anapofeykta gia ton kaqena. Den mporw na pw oti ekana laqh se baros toy laoy moy, laqh poy qa empodizan thn proodo toy, thn oikonomikh toy anaptyjh. Olh th zwh moy thn afierwsa sto lao moy, sta symferonta toy, sthn polypleyrh anaptyjh toy. Mporesa na kanw osa qa hqela na kanw; Fysika oxi. Kai qa htan elafrognwmia an isxyrizomoyn to antiqeto. Giati sto katw-katw ths grafhs oi metepeita kai shmerines ejelijeis ofeilontai kai se kapoia laqh mas. Omws den mporw na symfwnhsw kai me thn tash poy exei ginei ths modas teleytaia ola ta straba toy parontos na ta fortwnoyme sto parelqon, na ta fortwnoyme ston Enber Xotza giati bastaei. Panw toy rixthke poly lasph. Den mporw na pw oti den ekane laqh. Omws den prepei na jexname kai tis dyskoles katastaseis poy perase h Albania...

-Me ti aisqhmata anaxwreite apo thn Ellada;

-Anaxwrw apo th Qessalonikh, thn ellhnikh gh, th Makedonia, me aisqhmata eygnwmosynhs, idiws pros to iatriko proswpiko gia thn epityxh xeiroyrgikh epembash kai thn poly filikh toy stash, kaqws kai pros tis ellhnikes arxes poy fanhkan idiaitera filikes mazi moy. Anaxwrw eyxomenos na epistrecw jana, gia na mporw na blepw oso pio syxna thn Ellada, thn proodo toy laoy ths kai bebaiws ths filias twn dyo xwrwn.


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