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Macedonian Press Agency: News in Greek, 97-07-22

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO EIDHSEWN TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY

Qessalonikh 22 Ioylioy 1997


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (toy Xristoy Math)

[D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] PAGKALOS: TO KOINO ANAKOINWQEN THS MADRITHS "EINAI TO PRWTO ELPIDOFORO SHMADI"

  • [02] THN PARAITHSH TOY Q.PAGKALOY ZHTOYN ME CHFISMA TOYS OI PAMMAKEDONIKES ENWSEIS

  • [03] G.PAPANTWNIOY: STO 3% O PLHQWRISMOS TO 1998

  • [04] ENHMERWSH TWN KATOIKWN THS ELLHNOALBANIKHS MEQORIOY

  • [05] BELTIWSH TWN DHMOSIWN SXESEWN KAI ANTIMETWPISH THS FILOSKOPIANHS PROPAGANDAS STON ELLADIKO XWRO PROTEINOYN OI PAMMAKEDONIKES AYSTRALIAS

  • [06] EPISHMOPOIHQHKE H IDRYSH THS PAMMAKEDONIKHS OMOSPONDIAS KANADA


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [07] DIABHMA THS KYPROY STON OHE GIA TIS APEILES ETSEBIT

  • [08] BARQOLOMAIOS: " PARAKOLOYQOYME TIS QETIKES EJELIJEIS KAI EYXOMASTE NA KATALHJOYN SE MONIMO APOTELESMA"

  • [09] OI ALBANOI YPOYRGOI EGKATELEICAN THN SYNEDRIASH TOY YPOYRGIKOY SYMBOYLIOY THS PGDM

  • [10] MAXES METAJY SYMMORIWN STON AYLWNA

  • [11] O GILMAZ KLEINEI TA ISLAMIKA SXOLEIA

  • [12] ARXIZEI AYRIO STH SOFIA SYNEDRIASH THS KOINOBOYLEYTIKHS EPITROPHS BOYLGARIAS- EYRWPAIKHS ENWSHS


  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (toy Xristoy Math)

  • [13] PGDM: ISWS NA MH PETYXW NA APOTRECW JANA TH SYGKROYSH ME THN ASTYNOMIA DHLWNEI O ALBANOS DHMARXOS TOY TETOBO


  • [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II

  • [14] NEA EKQESH THS GIOYNISEF-BIA ENANTIA SE GYNAIKES KAI KORITSIA:PAGKOSMIA KATAPATHSH AQRWPINWN DIKAIWMATWN


  • OI EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] PAGKALOS: TO KOINO ANAKOINWQEN THS MADRITHS "EINAI TO PRWTO ELPIDOFORO SHMADI"

    Se apokleistikes dhlwseis toy sthn efhmerida "New York Times", o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn, Qeodwros Pagkalos, ekane tis ektimhseis toy gia to koino ellhnotoyrkiko anakoinwqen ths Madriths, enw sxetika me to qema ths onomasias twn Skopiwn, ejefrase thn epiqymia toy na "apallagoyme apo to problhma ayto, giati den exei oysia".

    "Afeaytoy, to koino anakoinwqen" poy ypegrafh sth Madrith - tonizetai sto dhmosieyma- apotelei "seira koinotopiwn, perilambanomenwn yposxesewn opws mh xrhsimopoihqei bia ekaterwqen kai opws ginoyn sebastes isxyoyses synqhkes".

    "Alla sta plaisia pyretwdoys sxesews" metajy twn dyo xwrwn, poy eixe epideinwqei ta teleytaia xronia, paromoies diatypwseis qewroyntai ws "kapoioy eidoys diejodos", ypogrammizetai. "Symfwna me Ellhnes kai jenoys analytes, mporei na apoteloyn akomh kai thn aparxh mias neas syzhthshs metajy xwrwn twn opoiwn h istoria amoibaias exqrothtas einai ena apo ta pio basanistika problhmata toy NATO".

    "Prokeitai gia oysiwdh proodo, giati mas epitrepei na synanthqoyme", dhlwse se synenteyjh toy o Ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Qeodwros Pagkalos - tonizetai sthn antapokrish. "Einai to prwto elpidoforo shmadi". To anakoinwqen, me th diamesolabhsh twn HPA, ypegrafh apo ton Prwqypoyrgo ths Elladas Kwsta Shmith kai ton Proedro ths Toyrkias Soyleiman Ntemirel kai akoloyqei -legetai- enamish xrono meta th stigmh poy oi dyo xwres eftasan sto xeilos toy polemoy ejaitias "ligwn braxonhsidwn sto anatoliko Aigaio, merika milia apo tis toyrkikes aktes". "Oi nhsides aytes -gnwstes ws Imia stoys Ellhnes kai Karntak stoys Toyrkoys- ejakoloyqoyn na briskontai ypo amfisbhthsh kai o katalogos zhthmatwn poy xwrizoyn Ellada kai Toyrkia einai ejisoy makrys opws pantote, perilambanontas to diairemeno nhsi ths Kyproy kai to dikaiwma ths Elladas na epekteinei thn yfalokrhpida (continental shelf) ths 12 milia sto Aigaio". Ta zhthmata ayta, legetai, ypokryptoyn antipalothtes aiwnwn, apo tote poy h Ellada briskotan ypo thn katoxh twn Oqwmanwn Toyrkwn.

    "Alla to anakoinwqen ths Madriths petyxe na amblynei to zhthma toy orioy twn 12 miliwn, to opoio h Toyrkia den qewrei pio ws piqanh "aitia polemoy". Oso gia th makroxronh exqrothta, "yparxoyn Ellhnes ajiwmatoyxoi poy anoixta twra qa syzhthsoyn kati adianohto allote - dhladh tis politistikes syggeneies poy syndeoyn Toyrkoys kai Ellhnes, para thn istoria poy toys exei xwrisei". Anaferetai dhlwsh jenoy diplwmath oti "Kata tropo eirwniko, polloi aisqanontai oti Ellada kai Toyrkia qa mporoysan na broyn koino edafos, para to gegonos ths istorikhs exqrothtas toys". "H Ellada exei apaisia istorikh empeiria me thn Toyrkia, alla den exoyn kanena aisqhma politistikhs h fyletikhs anwterothtas".

    Gia arketoys mhnes, legetai, yphrxan endeijeis apoklimakwshs ths krishs sto Aigaio. Sthn Toyrkia, h prosoxh htan epikentrwmenh sto eswteriko politiko drama poy elhje me thn katarreysh ths kybernhshs Ermpakan kai thn antikatastash toy sthn prwqypoyrgia apo ton Mesoyt Gilmaz, arxhgo kentrodejioy kommatos me kosmikh kai filo-eyrwpaikh paradosh. "Edw sthn Ellada", synexizei h antapokrish, "o k. Shmiths, o xamhlwn tonwn diadoxos toy epideiktika maxhtikoy Andrea Papandreoy, exei prosdwsei sthn ekkgmij^ ejwterikh politikh enan pio hremo tono, me nea emfash sth dieqnh synergasia".

    Anaferetai dhlwsh jenoyn diplwmath sthn Ellada oti epikratei "diaqesh poy einai diaforetikh edw kai ayto einai pragmatika shmantiko". "Yparxei apofasistikothta gia thn epilysh problhmatwn". Meta to qanato toy k. Papandreoy kai thn eklogh toy k. Shmith, synexizei to dhmosieyma, "h nea kybernhsh exei pragmatopoihsei shmantikh proodo sth beltiwsh ths eikonas ths kai twn sxesewn ths me geitones kai symmaxoys".

    "Ejakoloyqei na diapragmateyetai me thn PGDM gia to nomimo onoma ths xwras ayths, alla to eqnikistiko paqos poy kapote trofodotoyse thn antiqesh se opoiadhpote diamoirasmo toy Makedonikoy onomatos exei oysiastika ejafanisqei".

    "Qelw na apallagoyme apo to problhma ayto", eipe o k. Pagkalos, "giati den exei oysia".

    "O neos tonos", synexizei to dhmosieyma, "exei epishs epektaqei stis ellhnotoyrkikes sxeseis, oi opoies gia thn Aqhna perissotero para gia thn Agkyra, paramenoyn h kyrioterh diplwmatikh proteraiothta".

    Prin ena xrono, legetai, o k. Pagkalos apokaloyse toy Toyrkoys <<"dieqneis egklhmaties" poy ceydontai san "fasistes kai stalinikoi". Twra, o k. Pagkalos mila gia ena mellon otan, an ikanopoihqoyn orismenes proypoqeseis, h Toyrkia qa einai "enas poly shmantikos etairos" gia thn Ellada>> kai h Ellada den qa apotelei prokalymma gia alloys Eyrwpaioys poy den epiqymoyn na doyn thn Toyrkia sthn E.E. <<"Yparxoyn alles xwres sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh poy exoyn alla problhmata me thn Toyrkia kai krybontai pisw apo thn plath moy", eipe o k. Pagkalos deixnontas thn eyryxwrh perifereia toy. "Exw megalh plath, opws blepete, alla den mporei na kalycei olo ayto to plhqos. Qelw na bgoyn mprosta kai na poyn poies einai oi dyskolies poy exoyn me thn Toyrkia, giati pragmati exoyn dyskolies poy einai poly pio oysiastikes apo aytes poy exei h Ellada">>.

    O k. Pagkalos htan ekeinos -ypogrammizetai sto dhmosieyma- poy yperaspisqhke to Martio ton eyrwpaiko prosanatolismo ths Toyrkias meta apo dhlwsh omadas Eyrwpaiwn Xristianodhmokratwn poy amfisbhthsan thn idea oti mia kyriws moysoylmanikh xwra, sto metaixmio Eyrwphs kai Asias, qa mporoyse egkyra na einai ypochfia gia entajh sthn E.E. "Den mporw na apodexqw ayth thn proseggish", eipe o k. Pagkalos. "H Toyrkia exei megalh qesh sthn eyrwpaikh istoria kai to Islam apotelei hdh meros ths Eyrwphs. Oi proypoqeseis entajhs prepei na einai eniaies kai basismenes sto kata poson mia xwra plhroi toys aparaithtoys oikonomikoys, koinwnikoys kai politikoys oroys".

    Pros megalh ths apogohteysh, legetai, h Toyrkia den symperilambanotan metajy twn eji xwrwn "poy protaqhkan gia entajh sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh" apo thn Komision. Alla "polloi analytes exoyn symperanei oti malakwnontas th stash ths enanti ths Elladas" h Toyrkia kai idiws h kybernhsh Gilmaz shmatodotei makroproqesmh diplwmatikh prospaqeia na kerdisei yposthrijh sthn Eyrwph. "Entoytois, dedomenwn twn dyskoliwn, ligoi analytes anamenoyn grhgora apotelesmata apo to anakoinwqen ths Madriths". "Den epilysame kanena problhma sth Madrith", eipe o k. Pagkalos. "Kaqorisame ena plaisio prospaqeias ejeyreshs tropwn gia na ta epilysoyme. Isws apaithqoyn ena, dyo, tria h 10 xronia. Den jerw, alla ypopteyomai oti qa einai mia makra diadikasia", katalhgei h antapokrish.

    [02] THN PARAITHSH TOY Q.PAGKALOY ZHTOYN ME CHFISMA TOYS OI PAMMAKEDONIKES ENWSEIS

    Tis entones antidraseis twn synedrwn twn Pammakedonikwn Enwsewn Amerikhs, Kanada, Aystralias kai Eyrwphs prokalesan oi dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn k. Qeodwroy Pagkaloy, sthn amerikanikh efhmerida New York Times, sxetika me to qema toy onomatos twn Skopiwn, gia to opoio dhlwse "Qelw na apallagoyme apo ayto to problhma giati den exei kamia oysia".

    Molis eginan gnwstes oi dhlwseis Pagkaloy, h Pammakedonikh Amerikhs kai Kanada diekoce tis ergasies ths prokeimenoy na labei qesh epi toy qematos. H apofash ths olomeleias twn synedrwn exei ws ejhs:

    "Oi synedroi toy 51oy Eqnikoy Synedrioy ths Pammakedonikhs Enwshs HPA kai Kanada, lambanontas ypoch tis dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy twn Ejwterikwn k. Qeodwroy Pagkaloy tis 21hs Ioylioy 1997 sto New York Times diakhryssei oti tetoies dhlwseis toy k. ypoyrgoy einai aneyqynes kai aparadektes gia to eqniko mas symferon.Dhlwnoyn oti h Ellada den prokeitai na apallagei apo to skopiano qema me tis syxnes ypoxwrhseis toy ypoyrgoy kai apaitoyn thn amesh paraithsh toy".Epishs, o proedros ths Pammakedonikhs Enwshs Eyrwphs k. Pasxalhs Papaxrhstopoylos, dhlwse oti syntaytizetai me to chfisma ths Pammakedonikhs HPA - Kanada.

    Gia to idio qema ayto pragmatopoihqhke arga to apogeyma ektakth synanthsh twn Proedreiwn twn Pammakedonikwn Enwsewn sto jenodoxeio "Makedonia Pallas" apo thn opoia proekyce h akoloyqh koinh dhlwsh twn Proedrwn twn Pammakedonikwn Enwsewn :"Sth gnwsth dhlwsh, toy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn k. Qeodwroy Pagkaloy sth N. Yorkh, o opoios sthn efhmerida New York Times sxetika me to qema toy onomatos twn Skopiwn dhlwse: "qelw na apallagoyme apo to problhma, giati den exei kamia oysia" sysswma ta proedreia twn Pammakedonikwn organwsewn ana ton kosmo dhlwsan: "qeloyme na apallagoyme apo ton kyrio Pagkalo, giati stereitai faias oysias".

    [03] G.PAPANTWNIOY: STO 3% O PLHQWRISMOS TO 1998

    Me ton prwqypoyrgo Kwsta Shmith synanthqhke shmera o Ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn Giannos Papantwnioy prokeimenoy na prosdioristoyn oi ajones ths eisodhmatikhs kai dhmosionomikhs politikhs enocei ths katartishs toy proypologismoy.

    Se dhlwseis toy o ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn Giannos Papantwnioy epishmane oti qa thrhqoyn oi basikoi ajones toy proypologismoy kai shmeiwse oti stoxos ths kybernhshs einai h apoklimakwsh toy plhqwrismoy.

    "Qa thrhqei to xronodiagramma poy threitai pantote, dhladh sta mesa Oktwbrioy qa exoyn oristikopoihqei oi apofaseis ths kybernhsews kai qa anakoinwqoyn mazi me thn katartish toy proypologismoy", eipe o k. Papantwnioy kai prosqese xarakthristika |ti einai pepeismenos pws o plhqwrismos to 1998 qa einai katw apo 3%. "Kai ayto einai basiko kai gia na ejasfalistei h anakamch ths oikonomias poy einai se ejelijh alla kai gia na petyxoyme thn entajh mas sthn oikonomikh kai nomismatikh enwsh ths Eyrwphs", katelhje o k. Papantwnioy.

    Sth synexeia o k. Shmiths synanthqhke me ton kaqhghth Giannh Sprao o opoios toy paredwse th deyterh ekqesh poy synetaje gia thn eisprajh twn dhmosiwn esodwn kai tis meqodoys beltiwshs toy eispraktikoy mhxanismoy. Amesws meta o prwqypoyrgos qa exei synergasia me ton dioikhth toy OTE Dhmhtrh Papoylia kai sth synexeia me thn ypoyrgo Anaptyjhs Basw Papandreoy.

    [04] ENHMERWSH TWN KATOIKWN THS ELLHNOALBANIKHS MEQORIOY

    Ta metra ths kybernhshs gia th fylajh twn ellhnoalbanikwn synorwn anakoinwsan shmera sta melh toy dhmotikoy symboylioy toy Dhmoy Akritwn Kastorias o ypoyrgos Makedonias-Qrakhs, Filippos Petsalnikos, kai o nomarxhs Kastorias, Giwrgos Kapaxtshs, sth diarkeia syskechs poy pragmatopoihqhke me th symmetoxh toy dioikhth ths 15hs Merarxias kai toy astynomikoy dieyqynth.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh toy MPE o nomarxhs Kastorias eipe oti ta metra poy anakoinwqhkan meta th xtesinh kybernhtikh syskech briskontai sth swsth kateyqynsh kai parathrhse oti oi katoikoi ths parameqorias perioxhs ejakoloyqoyn na anhsyxoyn gia th drash symmoriwn Albanwn, alla se mikrotero baqmo, kai perimenoyn thn efarmogh twn newn metrwn.

    O ypoyrgos Makedonias-Qrakhs epishmane th shmantikh kai enisxymenh paroysia toy stratoy kata mhkos twn synorwn, gia thn opoia eipe oti apotelei eggyhsh gia thn prostasia twn katoikwn ths perioxhs.

    [05] BELTIWSH TWN DHMOSIWN SXESEWN KAI ANTIMETWPISH THS FILOSKOPIANHS PROPAGANDAS STON ELLADIKO XWRO PROTEINOYN OI PAMMAKEDONIKES AYSTRALIAS

    H anagkh ths probolhs twn eqnikwn mas qematwn me tropo "epaggelmatiko" epishmanqhke kata th shmerinh synedriash ths Omospondias Pammakedonikwn Organwsewn Aystralias sth diarkeia ths opoias anaferqhke oti oi Skopianoi xrhsimopoioyn gia thn propaganda toys megales etaireies dhmosiwn sxesewn.

    Se parembash toy o boyleyths ths Neas Dhmokratias E. Xaitidhs , poy einai kai melos ths diakommatikhs epitrophs ths Boylhs gia ton apodhmo ellhnismo, tonise oti oi Skopianoi proballoyn tis qeseis toys mesw twn megalyterwn grafeiwn dhmosiwn sxesewn kai malista twn idiwn poy xrhsimopoiei h Toyrkia. "Eimai sigoyros oti h Toyrkia plhrwnei gia toy Skopianoys" eipe o k Xaitidhs prosqetontas oti to ellhniko ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn exei poly mikro proypologismo gia thn probolh twn eqnikwn qematwn.

    O boyleyths dhlwse oti o idios pisteyei pws kakws h Ellada proxwrhse sthn endiamesh symfwnia kai proetrece toys omogeneis ths Aystralias otan diapistwnoyn parabiaseis ths apo thn pleyra twn Skopianwn na to kataggeloyn sthn diakommatikh epitroph ths Boylhs gia ton apodhmo ellhnismo, wste na metaferontai sto ypoyrgeio Enyteqij~m kai ton OHE. Parallhla zhthse apo ton proedro ths Omospondias k Sioysth na paradwsei kai sthn diakommatikh epitroph antigrafo ths triwrhs kasetas opoy paroysiazetai h Skopianh propaganda sth Aystralia kai h opoia exei doqei ston ypoyrgo Makedonias-Qrakhs Filippo Petsalniko.

    Sth diarkeia ths synedriashs teqhke kai to qema ths antimetwpishs ths skopianhs propagandas poy ginetai ston elladiko xwro kai ths prospaqeias dhmioyrgias mias dhqen "makedonikhs" meionothtas sthn Ellada . O k Sioysths anaferomenos sthn anagkh dhmioyrgias mias strathgikhs antimetwpishs ths dhqen meionothtas twn Skopianwn sthn Ellada tonise oti h epomenh diekdikhsh twn geitonwn mas meta to onoma ths Makedonias qa einai h dhmioyrgia "meionotikwn" sxoleiwn kai ekklhsiwn. O k Qeodwros Mpatsinarhs, poy katagetai apo th Flwrina, tonise oti to qema ths Makedonias to jekinhsan oi Skopianoi apo thn Aystralia , thn Amerikh kai ton Kanada kai oti exoyn hdh etoimoys toys xartes me tis edafikes diekdikhseis.

    Metajy twn protasewn poy katateqhkan gia thn antimetwpish ths Skopianhs propagandas sto ejwteriko htan h anagkh beltiwshs twn dhmosiwn sxesewn twn Ellhnwn , h kaqierwsh ellhnikhs wras sta agglika sto radiofwno, h proseggish me toys jenoys dhmosiografoys wste na peistoyn na proballoyn tis ellhnikes qeseis. Ejalloy h prwhn grammateas ths Epitrophs Eqnikwn Qematwn k Koyla Mpisth epishmane thn anagkh elegxoy ths probolhs twn eqnikwn qematwn apo to mhtropolitiko kentro kai oxi apo tis kata topoys organwseis. "Oi Skopianoi pairnoyn olo to propagandistiko yliko apo ta Skopia . Stis dekaeties toy 70 kai toy 80 estelnan kaqe ebdomada tainies. Prepei kai emeis na kanoyme to idio" synexise h k Mpisth.

    Anhsyxies diatypwqhkan sto qema toy zhthmatos toy epanapatrismoy twn Ellhnwn poy zoyn sta Skopia logw toy kindynoy ths egkatastashs sthn Ellada kai atomwn poy qa kanoyn filoskopianh propaganda krybomenoi pisw apo thn ellhnikh taytothta.

    Parallhla egine anafora kai sto keno poy dhmioyrghqhke apo th diakoph ths ekdoshs toy periodikoy "Makedonikh Zwh" ths Qessalonikhs, to opoio xarakthristhke ws "zwntanh egkyklopaideia" kai zhthqhke h epanekdosh ths.

    [06] EPISHMOPOIHQHKE H IDRYSH THS PAMMAKEDONIKHS OMOSPONDIAS KANADA

    Epishmopoihqhke h idrysh ths Pammakedonikhs Omospondias Kanada kaqws sth xtesinh idrytikh synedriash ths pragmatopoihqhke h allagh twn arqrwn toy katastatikoy ths Pammakedonikhs Amerikhs anaforika me thn synergasia twn organwsewn HPA kai Kanada.

    Stoys logoys poy odhghsan sthn idrysh jexwrisths Omospondias ston Kanada , anaferetai o proedros ths Hraklhs Xostelidhs milwntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn. " H idrysh ths Omospondias ofeiletai sto gegonos oti o Kanadas einai ena jexwro kratos kai h nomoqesia toy einai diaforetikh.To prwto pragma poy blepoyn ta kybernhtika grafeia otan exoyn na antimetwpisoyn mia meionothta ,otan exoyn na antimetwpisoyn ena opoiodhpote qema, einai apo poy proerxetai ayto to qema kai poioi to proballoyn. Otan emeis phgainoyme se ena kybernhtiko grafeio kai paqousiaf|laste san ena kommati ths Pammakedonikhs Amerikhs- Kanada h prwth antidrash twn Kanadwn einai na mas poyn oti den eimaste kanadikh organwsh alla mia organwsh poy dra stis HPA. Epomenws htan fysiko na mas poyn "phgainete sthn Amerikh na ypobalete ta aithmata sas". Enas allos logos einai oti einai poly pio eykolo na yparjei syntonismos metajy twn organwsewn sthn kanadikh epikrateia apo oti na yparjei enas syntonismos apo ena kratos ejw apo ta synora. Epishs idiaitera gia ta eqnika qemata poy antimetwpizoyme, mia kai o Kanadas einai h prwth grammh toy pyros ston tomea ayto, einai poly pio eykolo na syntonistoyme kai na ta antimetwpisoyme apo oti an exoyme syntonismo apo kapoio allo kratos" dieykrinizei o k Xostelidhs.

    O proedros ths Pammakedonikhs Omospondias Kanada epishmainei oti poly syntoma h organwsh qa parei to kanoniko ths onoma to opoio einai "Pammakedonikh Enwsh Kanada". Oi Organwseis poy metexoyn sth Pammakedonikh Omospondia Kanada einai perissoteres apo 85 me ena synolo melwn perissotero apo 80 xiliades enw to synolo twn Ellhnwn toy Kanada einai peripoy miso ekatommyrio. O k Xostelidhs tonizei oti exoyn hdh katoxyrwqei treis onomasies gia thn organwsh.

    "Ayto poy mas endiaferei", synexizei o k Xostelidhs "einai h probolh twn eqnikwn idewdwn kai h diathrhsh twn hqwn, eqimwn kai ths koyltoyras mas. Ep oydeni logo qa epitrecoyme opoiadhpote diaforopoihsh twn qesewn tis opoies yposthrizoyme shmera. Exoyme dwsei para polles maxes kai malista maxes me groqies opoy xreiasthke. Kai otan oi Skopianoi zhthsan na idrysoyn presbeia kai projeneio sto Toronto energhsame ragdaia, steilame thn katallhlh diamartyria ton perasmeno Maio ston ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn, ton k Ojgoyorqi, diatypwsame tis qeseis mas kai toy ypenqymisame poia einai h dikh toy qesh kai poia qesh prepei na krathsei h kanadikh kybernhsh . Mesa se ena mhna , pragma poy einai kapws prwtofanes gia thn grafeiokratia, phrame apanthsh poy leei oti o Kanadas den qa allajei th qesh toy apo thn anagnwrish poy exei kanei sa FYROM para mono ean apofasisoyn to kratos ths Elladas kai to kratos twn Skopiwn kai erqoyn se mia diaforetikh synennohsh"

    Ayrio sto plaisio twn ergasiwn toy prwtoy synedrioy ths Pammakedonikhs Omospondias toy Kanada qa ekdoqoyn ta chfismata poy qa diatypwnoyn tis qeseis ths organwshs anaforika me ta eqnika mas qemata. "Den prospaqoyme na kanoyme politikh. Den eimaste politikoi, eimaste aplos laos, aploi patriwtes poy milame me thn kardia mas" katalhgei o k. Xostelidhs.


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [07] DIABHMA THS KYPROY STON OHE GIA TIS APEILES ETSEBIT

    H kypriakh kybernhsh qa probei se diabhmata ston OHE kai alloys dieqneis organismoys gia tis apeiles toy M. Etsebit kai R. Ntenktas gia prosarthsh twn katexomenwn me thn Toyrkia.

    H monimh antiproswpeia ths Kyproy sta Hnwmena Eqnh zhta apo th grammateia toy dieqnoys organismoy na enhmerwsei ta melh toy symboylioy ths genikhs syneleyshs gia to periexomeno twn apeilwn, thn paroysia melwn ths toyrkikhs kybernhshs sta katexomena kai thn paqous_a twn toyrkikwn polemikwn ploiwn sto limani ths Keryneias.

    Sto metajy sygkrathmenos emfanisthke xqes o ekproswpos toy Steit Ntipartment Nikolas Mperns antidrwntas stis dhlwseis poy ekanan o Etsebit kai Ntenktas sta katexomena.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh toy Kypriakoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn o k. Mperns dhlwse oti "to Sabbatokyriako eginan orismenes dhlwseis apo toys Etsebit, Tzem kai Ntenktas, opwsdhpote qa ejetasoyme aytes tis dhlwseis.

    Nomizw tonise oti "ayto poy protimoyme na kanoyme anti na prospaqhsoyme na enisxysoyme to pisteyw mas oti h dizwnikh dikoinotikh omospondia qa prepei na einai o apwteros skopos twn eirhneytikwn synomiliwn".

    Opws epeshmane o k. Mperns oi HPA prokeitai na yposthrijoyn to G.G toy OHE Kofi Anan sto deytero gyro twn synomiliwn ton Aygoysto.

    [08] BARQOLOMAIOS: " PARAKOLOYQOYME TIS QETIKES EJELIJEIS KAI EYXOMASTE NA KATALHJOYN SE MONIMO APOTELESMA"

    O Oikomenikos Patriarxhs Barqolomaios o A' ejefrase thn ikanopoihsh toy gia thn symfwnia ths Madriths, poy ypegracan o prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Shmiths kai o Toyrkos proedros Soyleiman Ntemirel.

    Se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida "Tzoymxoyriet" o prokaqhmenos ths anatolikhs Orqodojhs Ekklhsias ypogrammise oti "parakoloyqei egkardia tis qetikes ejelijeis kai epiqymei na katalhjoyn se monimo apotelesma".

    O k.Barqolomaios anaferomenos stis sxeseis twn dyo xwrwn tonise pws "anti na briskontai se sygkroysh,qa einai pio logiko kai pio xrhsimo na diathroyn mia dhmioyrgikh synergasia kai dhmioyrgikh geitonia".

    Apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh gia ton ariqmo twn Ellhnwn ths Kwnstantinoypolhs ypenqymise pws mexri thn dekaetia toy 1960 h ellhnikh koinothta efqane ta 130.000 atoma, alla twra apemeinan monon 3-4.000.

    Epanelabe akomh, to pagio aithma ths epanaleitoyrgias ths Qeologikhs sxolhs ths Xalkhs.

    [09] OI ALBANOI YPOYRGOI EGKATELEICAN THN SYNEDRIASH TOY YPOYRGIKOY SYMBOYLIOY THS PGDM

    Thn synedriash toy ypoyrgikoy symboylioy ths PGDM egkateleican xqes oi Albanoi ypoyrgoi, ekfrazontas me ayton ton tropo thn entonh diamartyria toys gia thn ekqesh toy ypoyrgeioy eswterikwn ths xwras sxetika me ta gegonota sto Gkostibar kai to Tetobo.

    Se dhlwseis toys sthn kratikh thleorash twn Skopiwn, oi ypoyrgoi, oi opoioi proerxontai apo to albanofwno Komma Dhmokratikhs Eyhmerias (PDP), xarakthrisan elliph kai ypokeimenikh thn ekqesh toy ypoyrgeioy, poy syzhthqhke sth synedriash toy ypoyrgikoy symboylioy kai egkateleican thn aiqoysa synedriasewn.

    Oi ypoyrgoi toy PDP epishmanan oti h ekqesh den aposafhnizei ta aitia toy qanatoy twn tessarwn politwn, den anagnwrizei to cecom|r oti h astynomia, kata thn epembash, parabiase tis armodiothtes ths kai den epibarynei me kathgories ton armodio ypallhlo toy ypoyrgeioy, poy edwse thn entolh gia thn kinhtopoihsh ths astynomias.

    Epishs, proteinan na epistrafei h ekqesh sto ypoyrgeio, wste na ginei epanasyntajh ths, aithma poy egine dekto apo to ypoyrgiko symboylio.

    [10] MAXES METAJY SYMMORIWN STON AYLWNA

    Sygkroyseis metajy antipalwn symmoriwn shmeiwqhkan xqes sto limani toy Aylwna me antiarmatikes royketes, olmoys kai aytomata opla oi opoies anagkasan toys katoikoys ths polhs sta ypogeia katafygia, opws metadidei to galliko praktoreio eidhsewn AFP.

    Oi pyrobolismoi krathsan arketes wres kai prokeitai gia to pio entono epeisodio sthn polh meta thn ejegersh toy Martioy.

    Phges apo to nosokomeio toy Aylwna anaferoyn oti toylaxiston dyo atoma exasan th zwh toys kai alla pente traymatisthkan enw shmeiwnoyn oti merikes apwleies den anaferqhkan apo tis symmories gia to fobo antipoinwn. Yposthrizoyn akomh oti polloi traymaties exoyn dolofonhqei sto xeiroyrgeio apo antipaloys, kai oti polloi giatroi ypoxrewqhkan apo melh symmoriwn na egkataleicoyn kapoioys asqeneis prokeimenoy na peripoihqoyn kapoioys alloys.

    Sto parelqon o astynomikos dieyqynths toy Aylwna exei proeidopoihsei epaneillhmena oti den einai se qesh na eggyhqei th diasfalish ths ennomhs tajhs sthn polh h opoia sthn oysia elegxetai plhrws apo tis symmories. Prepei na shmeiwqei oti tis teleytaies dyo hmeres exoyn xasei th zwh toys 6 atoma kai alla 10 traymatisthkan. Oi astynomikes arxes ths polhs exoyn zhthsei arketes fores th bohqeia twn dieqnwn stratiwtikwn dynamewn gia thn perifroyrhsh ths perioxhs.

    Wstoso, h stadiakh apoxwrhsh ths polyeqnikhs dynamhs, poy exei arxisei apo to Sabbato, kai h opoia qa exei oloklhrwqei mexri tis 12 Aygoystoy exei enteinei toys foboys twn dieqnwn parathrhtwn gia th dhmioyrgia kenoy ejoysias to opoio qa mporoyse na pyrodothsei nea entash sth xwra.

    [11] O GILMAZ KLEINEI TA ISLAMIKA SXOLEIA

    Sthn katarghsh twn kratikwn islamikwn sxoleiwn proxwrhse shmera h kybernhsh toy Mesoyt Gilmaz sthn Toyrkia.

    Milwntas stoys dhmosiografoys meta apo mia oktawrh synedriash toy ypoyrgikoy symboylioy, h opoia dihrkese olh th nyxta ths Deyteras pros Trith, o antiproedros ths kybernhshs k.Mpoylent Etsebit eipe oti yphrje plhrhs symfwnia gia to periexomeno toy nomoy, h efarmogh toy opoioy qa arxisei apo to epomeno ekpaideytiko etos.

    Opws metadidei to galliko praktoreio eidhsewn apo thn Agkyra, politikoi kykloi sthn toyrkikh prwteyoysa ektimoyn oti o nomos, ton opoio o proedros toy kommatos ths Eyhmerias kai prwqypoyrgos ths xwras mexri prin ena mhna Netsmentin Ermpakan xarakthrise “kosmiko fasismo”, qa perasei apo th boylh mesa ston Aygoysto.

    O k.Ermpakan zhthse apo ton k.Gilmaz na prokhryjei dglox^visla gia to nomo gia ta islamika sxoleia, qema to opoio eixe apotelesei zhthma entonwn antiparaqesewn anamesa sthn kybernhsh Ermapkan kai thn tote antipoliteysh kaqws eixe qewrhqei ws meso gia thn katarghsh toy kosmikoy kratoys.

    [12] ARXIZEI AYRIO STH SOFIA SYNEDRIASH THS KOINOBOYLEYTIKHS EPITROPHS BOYLGARIAS- EYRWPAIKHS ENWSHS

    H politikh kai oikonomikh katastash sth Boylgaria, oi oikonomikes sxeseis ths me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, ta problhmata ths asfaleias, h oikonomikh synergasia kai ta programmata gia thn anaptyjh twn ypodomwn, h enarmonish ths boylgarikhs nomoqesias me thn eyrwpaikh, einai metajy twn qematwn poy qa apasxolhsoyn thn Tetarth Synedriash ths Koinhs Koinoboyleytikhs Epitrophs Boylgarias- Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, poy arxizei ayrio sth Sofia.

    Anamenetai h Tetarth Synedriash, h opoia qa oloklhrwqei stis 25 Ioylioy, na yioqethsei systaseis pros th boylgarikh kybernhsh, alla kai thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph. K.K.


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (toy Xristoy Math)

    [13] PGDM: ISWS NA MH PETYXW NA APOTRECW JANA TH SYGKROYSH ME THN ASTYNOMIA DHLWNEI O ALBANOS DHMARXOS TOY TETOBO

    Tetamenh paramenei h katastash sto Tetobo kai sto Gkostibar ths PGDM opoy kyriws katoikoyn oi albanikoi plhqysmoi ths xwras.

    Milwntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o Alaintin Ntemiri, dhmarxos toy Tetobo, ths deyterhs megalyterhs polhs ths xwras ejefrase th dysforia toy gia ton tropo me ton opoio antimetwpizetai h albanikh koinothta ths polhs dinontas oysiastika periqwrio stis arxes ths xwras mexri to telos toy 1998 gia na paraxwrhsoyn sthn albanikh koinothta ths xwras ta dikaiwmata poy diekdikei.

    O dhmarxos toy Tetobo emfanizetai apofasismenos na mhn paraxwrhsei to dikaiwma gia th xrhsh twn symbolwn ths koinothtas toy enw proeidopoiei oti isws thn epomenh fora poy qa proklhqoyn epeisodia, den qa mporesei na drasei o idios kateynastika etsi wste na apofeyxqoyn.

    Parallhla anakoinwnei oti ean mexri to telos toy 1998 den exoyn katoxyrwqei ta dikaiwmata twn Albanwn, ta kommata toys qa zhthsoyn dhmochfisma gia na krinoyn tis sxeseis toys me ta Skopia enw den apokleietai na epilejoyn tropoys politikhs drashs paromoioys me aytoys twn poltikwn kommatwn toy Kossyfopedioy, dhladh thn apoxh apo toys qesmoys.

    O k.Ntemiri, o opoios perimenei thn apofash gia thn askhsh poinikhs diwjhs se baros toy gia ta epeisodia poy eginan kyriws sto Gkostibar alla kai sto Tetobo stis 9 Ioylioy, den qelei na krinei to neo nomo gia ta symbola twn eqnikwn koinothtwn sth PGDM o opoios chfisthke liges wres prin ta epeisodia kaqws yposthrizei oti o nomos aytos den thrhqhke apo tis arxes otan ekanan thn epembash.

    Thn idia stigmh qewrei oti o dhmarxos toy Gkostibar Royfi Osmani epiqymoyse na proxwrhsei se symbibasmo me tis arxes etsi wste na apofeyxqoyn ta epeisodia alla ayto katesth adynato ejaitias ths sklhrhs stashs poy aytes thrhsan.

    Shmeiwnei toso oti oi arxes diathroyn astynomia 13000 andrwn xwris kaneis apo aytoys na einai albanos oso kai oti ayth h astynomia brhke mono dyo opla stoys 10000 sygkentrwmenoys ejw apo to dhmarxeio toy Gkostibar stis 9 Ioylioy.

    Akoloyqei to akribes keimeno ths synenteyjhs toy k.Ntemiri.

    ER: Giati synebh oti synebh sto Gkostibar;

    AP: Oi dhmoi toy Tetobo kai toy Gkostibar kai to ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn anhkoyme sthn idia xwra alla mas ekane epiqesh san na eimastan jenh xwra. Ki ayto giati oi dyo dhmoi arrxisan na qesmoqetoyn gia ta symferonta twn Albanwn ths xwras. To ekanan gia na mas fobisoyn gia na egkataleicoyme ayto poy arxisame. O dhmarxos toy Gkostibar Royfi Osmani einai hdh sth fylakh ki egw perimenw thn apofash toy dikasthrioy stis 30 Ioylioy kai den apokleietai na fylakistw gia kathgories poy ki an den yparxoyn mporoyn na tis dhmioyrghsoyn. Den qeloyn na timwrhsoyn emena alla tour 23000 chfoforoys moy.

    ER: Pws egine ayth h qesmoqethsh twn symferontwn sta opoia anaferqhkate;

    AP: Oi dyo dhmoi dioikoyntan apo albanikes pleiochfies, ta symbola kai oi glwsses poy xrhsimopoioyntan htan kai twn dyo lawn. Omws h monomereia ths allhs pleyras pieze gia na ta egkataleicoyme ola ayta. H sygkroysh jekinhse apo thn ideologia kai katelhje sthn astynomia. To Martio oi eqnikistes stis diadhlwseis toys sta Skopia zhtoysan qalamoys aeriwn gia toys albanoys. H logikh leei oti ayta poy eginan twra apoteloyn synexeia twn diadhlwsewn toy Martioy.

    ER: Pws krinete thn apofash toy koinoboylioy na doqei h dynatothta stis eqnikes koinothtes na xrhsimopoioyn ta symbola toys;

    AP: De th jerw. Stis 10 to brady phre thn apofash h boylh, stis 2 to prwi mas katebasan tis shmaies, ta symbola mas. Pantws ws dhmarxos mporw na anebasw th shmaia mas mprosta sto dhmarxeio alla poyqena alloy mesa sthn polh. Kai qa prepei na tonisw oti h shmaia me to dikefalo aeto, den einai h shmaia ths Albanias, einai to symbolo toy albanikoy laoy poy proyphrxe ths dhmioyrgias toy albanikoy kratoys. Den exoyme oyte th dynatothta, oyte thn entolh na allajoyme to symbolo mas. Na sas qymisw oti to 1902 otan ayth h xwra den yphrxe, mas kalesan sthn epanastash enantion twn Toyrkwn me to synqhma "Adelfia Albanoi elate na enwqoyme katw apo thn shmaia toy Skentempeh kai to idio ekanan kai to 1944. To problhma den einai oi shmaies alla h sygkatoikhsh me sygkekrimenes proypoqeseis. Th glwssa, ta symbola kai ta sxoleia. Allwste emeis oi Albanoi eimaste xwrismenoi se 4 krath.

    ER: Tessera;

    AP: Thn Albania, th Serbia, to Mayroboynio kai to Kossyfopedio.

    ER: Ma to Kossyfopedio den einai anejarthto kratos.

    AP: Einai toso kratos oso ki ayth edw poy briskomaste. Giati edw anagnwristhke to apotelesma toy dhmochfismatos gia thn aposxish apo thn Gioygkoslabia alla sto Kossyfopedio den anagnwristhke.

    ER: Isws etsi afhnete anoixto to endexomeno na probeite se monomeres dhmochfisma.Ti skopeyete na kanete;

    AP: Na sas qymisw ta epeisodia poy synexws symbainoyn se baros mas, opws to 1992 sto Mpit Pazar, to 95 sto Tetobo me to panepisthmio, twra sto Gkostibar. Mia idea dhmochfismatos pantws yparxei. An synexisei ayth h katastash, ta kommata twn Albanwn qa stamathsoyn na leitoyrgoyn kai qa epilejoyn th paranomh drash opws sto Kossyfopedio. Tote qa dei olos o kosmos oti h ayth h xwra den einai oash eirhnhs.

    ER: Poso kairo mporeite na perimenete gia thn ikanopoihsh twn aithmatwn sas;

    AP: O xronos kylaei gia mas. Den yparxei qewria poy na problepei oti to kratos qa kerdisei edw akomh ki an egw, opws o Royfi Osmani, paw fylakh. To an qa proxwrhsoyme sto aithma gia dhmochfisma, ejartatai apo th kybernhsh. Pantws qa perimenoyme sigoyra mexri to telos toy epomenoy xronoy.

    ER: Tetoies ejelijeis isws shmanoyn polemo.

    AP: Eseis to eipate. Stis 9 Ioylioy otan 10000 atoma sygkentrwqhkan edw, toys aphyqyna ekklhsh na mhn sygkroystoyn me thn astynomia. To idio hqele na kanei kai o Royfi Osmani alla den toy to ep]tqexam. Egw tote epetyxa alla an epanalhfqei isws na mhn eimai toso epityxhs.

    ER: Ma pws qa ginei h antiparaqesh politwn me enoploys astynomikoys;

    AP: Ayth th fora to senario to eftiaje h astynomia ki eixame treis nekroys. Thn allh fora isws to ftiajoyn kapoioi alloi, poios jerei, mia probokatsia ...

    ER: Yparxoyn Albanoi poy exoyn opla;

    AP: Etsi leei o ypoyrgos eswterikwn Tsokrefski alla otan zhtaw proswpikh asfaleia den moy th dinoyn. Mporei na yparxoyn opla alla ayto qa to jerei o k.Tsokrefski.

    Omws stoys deka xiliades poy sygkentrwqhkan gia na zhthsoyn thn apeleyqerwsh toy R.Osmani, ki eixan apenanti toys 4000 enoploys astynomikoys, h astynomia brhke molis dyo opla. Se kaqe periptwsh gnwrizw oti ta synora einai poly dyskolo na elegxqoyn.

    ER: Yparxei periptwsh na enopoihqoyn ta kommata twn albanwn sth xwra;

    AP: Nai. Hdh h prwth synenwsh dhmioyrghse to Dhmokratiko Komma. To Komma ths Dhmokratikhs Eyhmerias, poy symmetexei sthn kybernhsh, isws paleyei gia ta dikaiwmata twn Albanwn mesa apo toys qesmoys alla sthn epomenes ekloges qa xasei oso einai mesa sthn kybernhsh, otan ta tanks skotwnoyn Albanoys.

    ER: Ti perimenete apo thn nea Albania;

    AP: Gia toys albanoys mesa sthn Albania, qa yparjei nea katastash alla oxi gia mas. H alhqeia einai oti toso o Nano oso kai o Mperisa mas edwsan mono hqikh bohqeia.

    ER: Dhladh ti allh bohqeia perimenate;

    AP: Qa mporoyse na einai ylikh kai sygkekrimenh gia ta symferonta twn Albanwn, opws gia paradeigma kanei to ellhniko lompy pros thn kybernhsh Klinton. H Albania qa mporoyse na endiaferqei gia mas an apeilhqei h asfaleia mas.

    ER: Pws na endiaferqei;

    AP: Qa sas apogohteysw. Den eimai eidikos sta stratiwtika. Eimai peiqarxhmenos alla eimai politikos.

    ER: Ma egw den milhsa gia strato.

    AP: Nai alla egw katalaba.

    ER: Empisteyeste to Fatos Nano;

    AP: Giati oxi; Arkei na mhn mas egkataleicei. Na parathrhsw epishs oti thn kalyterh dhlwsh gia mas, thn ekane o synergaths toy k.Nano, o Pantelh Maiko.

    ER: Ki o proedros Mperisa;

    AP: Einai eilikrinhs, ton empisteyomai alla dhmioyrghse adynatoys qesmoys sthn Albania.Kai h kalyterh bohqeia gia mas einai na anaptyxqei, na ginei isxyrh h Albania.


    [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II

    [14] NEA EKQESH THS GIOYNISEF-BIA ENANTIA SE GYNAIKES KAI KORITSIA: PAGKOSMIA KATAPATHSH AQRWPINWN DIKAIWMATWN

    H bia enantion gynaikwn kai koritsiwn einai ena shmantiko empodio sthn pagkosmia koinwnikh kai oikonomikh anaptyjh shmera, symfwna me thn Proodo twn Eqnwn 1997, mia kainoyria ekqesh apo th UNICEF. Perissotera apo 60 ekatommyria gynaikes qa zoysan shmera an den yphrxe h bia poy sxetizetai me tis diakriseis twn fylwn, apokalyptei h ekqesh. Akomh perissotera ekatommyria, se kaqe xwra, se kaqe hpeiro kai kaqe tajh zoyn katw apo thn kaqhmerinh apeilh ths fysikhs kakopoihshs.

    "Ayth h xronia katastash bias apotelei thn eyrytera diadedomenh katapathsh anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn pagkosmia shmera", leei h Carol Bellamy, Ektelestikh Dieyqyntria ths UNICEF poy paroysiazei thn Proodo twn Eqnwn 1997 se dieqnh synenteyjh typoy sto Londino, stis 22 Ioylioy.

    H Proodos twn Eqnwn 1997 poy dhmosieyetai ethsia, katatassei ta krath symfwna me thn proodo toys se tomeis kleidia poy ephreazoyn thn ygeia, thn pronoia kai ta diakaiwmata twn paidiwn. Einai mia synoptikh paroysiash twn statistikwn stoixeiwn kaqe xwras oson afora thn proodo ths pros thn epiteyjh mias seiras stoxwn gyrw apo thn ikanopoihsh twn basikwn anqrwpinwn anagkwn. H kainoyria ekqesh perilambanei enhmerwmenoys pinakes gia thn ygieinh, toys ryqmoys qnhsimothtas katw twn 5 etwn kai tis gynaikes ypoyrgoys opws epishs stoixeia gia to AIDS, ta epipeda yperpontias bohqeias, epiteygmata sthn ekpaideysh, to swfronismo anhlikwn, thn anergia twn newn, ton alkoolismo kai th sxolikh peiqarxia.

    H ekqesh perigrafei mia sygklonistikh seira periptwsewn bias kai kakopoihshs kata gynaikwn kai koritsiwn opws oi dolofonies logw proikas sthn India, syzygikh bia stis HPA, rijimo ojeos sto Mpangklantes, dolofonies qhlykwn brefwn kai akrwthriasmo gynaikeiwn organwn. H ekqesh ths UNICEF epimenei oti ta egklhmata kata gynaikwn ypotimwntai kai oi koinwnikoi episthmones twra anakalyptoyn oti to pedio ths bias kata gynaikwn kai koritsiwn einai kata poly eyrytero apo tis prosfates ektimhseis. Gia paradeigma, to 1/5-1/7 twn gynaikwn qa pesoyn qyma biasmoy kapoia stigmh sth zwh toys. Peripoy 25-50% toy synoloy twn gynaikwn exoyn ypoferei apo th fysikh bia apo to syntrofo toys. Akomh kai se mia sygkritika anoixth koinwnia opws oi HPA, mono 1 stis 100 gynaikes poy ypeferan apo bia, to anaferoyn epishma.

    "Bia kata twn gynaikwn shmainei kai bia kata twn koritsiwn, enw kapoia eidh bias exoyn ws stoxo toys apokleistika ta koritsia", leei h k. Bellamy. H protimhsh gia gio exei ws apotelesma th megalh ektash amblwsewn qhlykwn embrywn kai th dolofonia neogennhtwn koritsiwn se kapoies koinwnies kai idiaitera se xwres ths Asias. H praktikh toy akrwthriasmoy meroys h toy synoloy twn gynaikeiwn gennhtikwn organwn einai koinh se toylaxiston 28 xwres, oi perissoteres Afrikanikes. Ews kai 130 ekatommyria gynaikes kai koritsia ypoferoyn apo thn efarmogh ayths ths praktikhs.

    "Sth shmerino kosmo, to na gennhqeis gynaika einai san na genniesai gia na zhseis ton kindyno. Kaqe koritsi megalwnei me thn apeilh ths bias", leei h k. Bellamy. "H skia ths bias katw apo thn opoia zoyn koritsia kai gynaikes, tis ejoyqenwnei fysika, cyxologika kai koinwnika. Ayto exei synepeies sthn koinwnikh kai oikonomikh anaptyjh olwn twn koinwniwn".

    H UNICEF epimenei oti h ekpaideysh twn koritsiwn einai o paragontas- kleidi stis prospaqeies gia prostasia twn koritsiwn ap| th bia. Ta koritsia poy den apolambanoyn to dikaiwma ths ekpaideyshs ejelissontai se adynama atoma koinwnika kai oikonomika kai kaqistantai eyalwta sthn katapiesh kai th bia.

    Epishs shmantiko bhma apotelei h poinikopoihsh ws egklhma ths bias kata twn gynaikwn. H nomoqesia den apotelei eggyhsh prostasias gia tis gynaikes alla h eqnikh nomoqesia mporei na bohqhsei sthn kaqierwsh kapoiwn koinwnikwn protypwn. Parola ayta, h Proodos twn Eqnwn 1997 apokalyptei oti einai elaxisth h yfistamenh eqnikh nomoqesia poy anaferetai sth bia ejaitias fyloy. Pagkosmia, apo ta 193 krath, mono to ena tetarto -44 xwres- exoyn energopoihsei th nomoqesia kata ths bias sto spiti, mono 27 exoyn nomoys enantia sth sejoyalikh parenoxlhsh kai mono 17 qewroyn to biasmo sta plaisia toy gamoy ws egklhma. Akomh kai se aytes tis xwres opoy yfistatai h nomoqesia, h proklhsh einai na ejasfalistei h isxys toy nomoy.

    "H katastash einai aparadekth", leei h k. Bellamy. "Prepei na katasthsoyme antilhpto to gegonos oti h bia kata gynaikwn kai koritsiwn einai mia apotropaia ektroph kai oxi enas aoratos kanonas".

    Y g i e i n h

    Sto kefalaio gia thn ygieinh, h proodos twn Eqnwn 1997 apokalyptei oti sxedon 3 disekatommyria anqrwpoi -o misos pagkosmios plhqysmos- den exoyn prosbash se eparkh mesa kai systhmata apoxeteyshs. H ekqesh anakalyce oti para ta ofelh poy proekycan mesa sthn prohgoymenh dekaetia me th dhmioyrgia prosbashs se kaqaro nero, h ygieinh exei meinei poly pisw ejaitias toy kostoys, ths plhqysmiakhs pieshs kai twn politismikwn antistasewn. H pagkosmia krish ston tomea ths ygieinhs anoigei thn porta se mastiges toy parelqontos kaq'ws ta mikrobia kataklyzoyn toys xwroys me kakes synqhkes ygieinhs.

    H I V / A I D S

    Sto kefalaio gia to AIDS, h ekqesh ejhgei oti to AIDS apeilei twra na anatrecei thn proodo poy eixei epiteyxqei se polles anaptyssomenes xwres ta teleytaia 30 xronia. H ekqesh paroysiazei nea stoixeia poy deixnoyn tis epiptwseis poy qa exei to AIDS sth brefikh qnhsimothta tis erxomenes dekaeties kai proeidopoiei gia ton ayjanomeno efhsyxasmo stis anaptygmenes xwres opoy oi ychloy kostoys qerapeies fainetai na mporoyn na xeirizontai to AIDS. H ekqesh epikrinei th mh ejisorrophsh proteraiothtwn sthn ereyna gia to AIDS kai kanei ekklhsh gia allagh estiashs twn proteraiothtwn wste na wfelhqei h megalh pleiochfia twn anqrwpwn poy exoyn prosblhqei apo ton io stis anaptyssomenes xwres ths Afrikhs kai ths Asias. "Twra h maxh kata toy AIDS exei na antimetwpisei neoys exqroys: thn ikanopoihsh twn biomhxanikwn xwrwn kai th diairesh anamesa se ftwxa kai ploysia eqnh", anaferei h ekqesh.

    S w f r o n i s m o s a n h l i k w n

    H Proodos twn Eqnwn 1997 ejetazei thn apotyxia pollwn xwrwn, ploysiwn kai ftwxwn, na broyn eparkh kai katallhlh antimetwpish toy synexws ayjanomenoy ariqmoy anhlikwn poy parabiazoyn to nomo. H ekqesh tonizei to megalo ariqmo paidiwn poy briskontai ypo epiblech kai paroysiazei paradeigmata kalwn kai kakwn praktikwn apo olo ton kosmo. Epishs, h ekqesh ejetazei qemata egklhmatikhs eyqynhs kai epimenei oti, anejarthta apo tis aities parabashs, ta paidia exoyn dikaiwma se dikaih metaxeirhsh apo to swfronistiko systhma anhlikwn poy prepei na sxediazetai etsi wste na ta bohqa na epistecoyn ws paragwgika melh sthn koinwnia.

    A n a p t y j i a k h b o h q e i a

    H Proodos twn Eqnwn 1997 ejetazei epishs th bohqeia poy parexetai apo tis biomhxanikes xwres kai shmeiwnei oti to 1997, teleytaia xronia gia thn opoia yparxoyn epishma stoixeia, h epishmh anaptyjiakh bohqeia htan sta xeirotera epipeda ths apo tote poy jekinhsan na yparxoyn sxetika statistika stoixeia, to 1950. Me meso oro syneisforas molis 0,27% toy AEP, oi HPA erxontai teleytaies me syneisfora 0,10% ws pososto toy AEP toys. Oi xwres poy katalambanoyn tis kalyteres qeseis metrwntas tis syneisfores toy se sygkrish me to AEP toys, einai h Dania, h Norbhgia, h Ollandia kai h Soyhdia. Se apolytoys ariqmoys, h Iapwnia syneisferei to megalytero poso. Oi syneisfores sxedon olwn twn xwrwn paroysiazoyn meiwsh apo to 1992.

    S t o i x e i a t h s e k q e s h s t h s U N I C E F - "H P r o o d o s t w n E q n w n 1 9 9 7" g i a t h n E l l a d a

    Oi anafores ths ekqeshs gia thn Ellada einai oi ejhs:

    1. M h t r i k o s q h l a s m o s

    Katatassei th xwra mas sthn kathgoria (2) mazi me tis alles xwres ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs. Me arista to (1) kai xeiroterh kathgoria to (4). H kathgoriopoihsh ayth sxetizetai me thn yioqethsh h oxi nomoqetikwn metrwn gia thn plhrh efarmogh toy Dieqnoys Kwdika Marketingk gia ta Ypokatastata Mhtrikoy Galaktos opws zhtei h Pagkosmia Organwsh Ygeias. Sth qesh (3), xeiroterh ths Elladas, briskontai aneptygmenes xwres opws h Soyhdia kai h Elbetia. Xeiroteres sthn katatajh -qesh (4)- h Kroatia, h Esqonia, h Moldabia kai h Roymania.

    Ti shmainei h katatajh :

    - Plhrhs Symmorfwsh: Oi xwres poy exoyn energopoihsei th nomoqesia h alla nomika ypoxrewtika metra gia thn efarmogh toy Dieqnoys Kwdika Marketingk gia ta Ypokatastata Mhtrikoy Galaktos opws zhtei h Pagkosmia Organwsh Ygeias.

    - Merikh Symmorfwsh : Oi xwres poy exoyn energopoihsei th nomoqesia h alla nomika ypoxrewtika metra ta opoia perilambanoyn kapoies apo tis diatajeis toy Kwdika. Ws ek toytoy, ayta ta metra den emmenoyn ston Kwdika ws "elaxisto epipedo" opws zhtei h Pagkosmia Organwsh Ygeias.

    - Merikh Drash : Oi xwres poy den exoyn energopoihsei th nomoqesia h alla nomika ypoxrewtika metra gia thn efarmogh toy Kwdika alla einai sth diadikasia h exoyn labei kapoia metra. Ta paradeigmata perilambanoyn eqelontikes symfwnies me th biomhxania, oi opoies kanonizoyn oles oi kapoies apo tis praktikes emporioy poy kalyptontai apo ton Kwdika, exoyn katateqeiprosxedia nomoy gia thn plhrh h merikh efarmogh toy Kwdika h exoyn dhmioyrghqei omades ergasias poy meletoyn pws mporei na efarmostrei kalytera o Kwdikas.

    - Kaqoloy Drash : Oi xwres poy den exoyn labei kanena metro gia thn efarmogh toy Kwdika.

    2. P a i d i k h q n h s i m o t h t a

    Katatassei thn Ellada 3h kalyterh sthn Eyrwph me bash to pososto meiwshs ths paidikhs qnhsimothtas katw twn 5 etwn thn periodo 1980-1995. H Ellada me 10 qanatoys gia kaqe 1.000 zwntanes gennhseis (to 1995) exei epityxei meiwsh ths paidikhs qnhsimothtas se pososto 57% enanti toy 1980. Kalyterh epidosh exei h Portogalia me 65% meiwsh. Sthn teleytaia qesh toy pinaka twn Eyrwpaikwn xwrwn h Roymania me 19% meiwsh (29 qanatoi gia kaqe 1.000 gennhseis).

    3. E k p a i d e y s h

    Anaferetai stis epidoseis twn teleiofoitwn ston 3o Dieqnh Diagwnismo Maqhmatikwn kai Fysikwn Episthmwn opoy katatassei th xwra mas sthn 30h qesh metajy 41 xwrwn. Kalyteres xwres ston kosmo h Sigkapoyrh, h Iapwnia kai h N. Korea. Teleytaies ston pinaka to Iran, to Koybeit, h Kolombia kai h N. Afrikh.

    4. M h t r i k h q n h s i m o t h t a

    Katatassei thn Ellada metajy twn kalyterwn xwrwn toy kosmoy se oti afora thn piqanothta mia gynaika na peqanei apo aities poy sxetizontai me th genna h ton toketo me 1 piqanothta stis 5.600. Sthn omada ayth, thn kalyterh qesh exei h Ispania me 1 piqanothta qanatoy gynaikas stis 9.200 kai xeiroterh h Slobenia me 1 stis 1.400. Xeiroterh xwra ston kosmo to Afganistan me 1 piqanothta stis 7.

    5. A n e r g i a n e w n

    Katatassei thn Ellada sthn 5h xeiroterh qesh metajy 22 anaptygmenwn xwrwn me pososto anergias twn newn katw twn 24 etwn se 28% (20% gia ta agoria, 37% gia ta koritsia). Xeiroterh qesh h Ispania me 43% kai akoloyqoyn Filandia kai Italia me 34% kai Gallia me 29%. Kalyteres xwres Elbetia kai Aystria me 6%.

    6. Symmetoxh gynaikwn se kybernhtikes qeseis

    Katatassei th xwra mas stis teleytaies qeseis xwris symmetoxh gynaikwn se kybernhtikes qeseis alla ta stoixeia einai toy Ianoyarioy 1996 apo to World Wide Government Directory.

    7. Ejarthsh twn newn apo to alkool - Symmetoxh newn se kabgades

    Den symperilambanei th xwras mas stoys sxetikoys pinakes opoy perilambanontai anaptygmenes xwres opws h Dania, to Hnwm. Basileio, h Filandia, h Aystria, o Kanadas, h Germania kai alles poy paroysiazoyn sobara problhmata alkoolismoy metajy twn newn kaqws kai symmetoxh toys se kabgades thn teleytaia sxolikh xronia. H Dania einai epikefalhs ston prwto pinaka me to 65% twn agoriwn kai to 67% twn koritsiwn katw twn 15 etwn na meqysan toylaxiston dyo fores. H Germania brisketai epikefalhs sto deytero pinaka me 86% twn agoriwn kai 72% twn koritsiwn katw twn 15 etwn na exoyn symmetasxei se kabga toylaxiston mia fora thn prohgoymenh sxolikh xronia.


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