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Macedonian Press Agency: News in Greek, 97-02-17

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO EIDHSEWN TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY

Qessalonikh 17 Febroyarioy 1997


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Nikoy Xatzh)


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] DIAMARTYRIA BIOTEXNWN, EPAGGELMATIWN KAI EMPORWN

  • [02] PANEKPAIDEYTIKO SYLLALHTHRIO STH QESSALONIKH

  • [03] PROTASH DIALOGOY PROS THN KYBERNHSH APO TOYS KAQHGHTES

  • [04] ANABLHQHKE H EPISKECH ARSENH STH QESSALONIKH

  • [05] D.REPPAS: DEN TIQETAI QEMA EPISTRATEYSHS TWN KAQHGHTWN

  • [06] STON EISAGGELEA 4 ATOMA POY STOIXHMATIZAN SE KYNOMAXIES STO MAKRYXWRI HMAQIAS

  • [07] MONADIKES STON KOSMO OI PARADOSIAKES BARKES THS KASTORIAS

  • [08] APO AYRIO EKSTRATEIA ENHMERWSHS GIA TA NARKWTIKA SE OLA TA LYKEIA THS EPARXIAS LAGKADA

  • [09] ME TO PROEDREIO THS ADEDY SYNANTHQHKE O D. TSOBOLAS

  • [10] ME TO APAIXTO STHN ELLADA ERGO "SPLENDID'S" TOY Z.ZENE EGKAINIAZETAI THN PEMPTH TO QEATRO THS ETAIREIAS MAKEDONIKWN SPOYDWN

  • [11] APANTHSH D.SALPISTH STHN EPISTOLH E.BENIZELOY GIA DYSLEITOYRGIA TOY ORGANISMOY POLITISTIKHS PRWTEYOYSAS THS EYRWPHS

  • [12] O ALEJ SPANOS EPIKEFALHS TOY ARXIEPISKOPIKOY SYMBOYLIOY THS EKKLHSIAS AMERIKHS-ANTIPROEDROI OI TSAKOPOYLOS - KATSIMATIDHS


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [13] STO ODOFRAGMA THS DERYNEIAS QA SYZHTHSEI TIS APEILES TOY R.NTENKTAS GIA EPOIKISMO TO DHMOTIKO SYMBOYLIO THS AMMOXWSTOY

  • [14] O G.KRANIDIWTHS STO EKTAKTO SYMBOYLIO TOY NATO POY PRAGMATOPOIEITAI AYRIO STIS BRYJELLES

  • [15] SE DIALOGO GIA THN ANTIMETWPISH THS KRISHS KALESE TO SOSIALISTIKO KOMMA H ALBANIKH KYBERNHSH

  • [16] KRISH SITHRWN STH BOYLGARIA. APOFASEIS THS YPHRESIAKHS KYBERNHSHS

  • [17] SYNANTHSH KENTRWWN KAI DEJIWN KOMMATWN APO TIS XWRES THS BALKANIKHS DIORGANWNEI STH SOFIA H EDD

  • [18] SYNANTHSH TWN POLITIKWN DIEYQYNTWN TWN YPOYRGEIWN EJWTERIKWN TWN BALKANIKWN XWRWN STIS 18-19 FEBROYARIOY STH SOFIA

  • [19] TOYRKIA: ENA ARQRO THS GRAMMATIKHS SWZEI ARISTERO KOMMA APO APOFASH TOY SYNTAGMATIKOY DIAKSTHRIOY POY TO KHRYJE EKTOS NOMOY


  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Nikoy Xatzh)

  • [20] TO “PAZL” SYMFERONTWN TWN DHMOKRATIWN METAJY TOY EYJEINOY KAI THS KASPIAS -O ROLOS THS GKAZPROM


  • OI EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] DIAMARTYRIA BIOTEXNWN, EPAGGELMATIWN KAI EMPORWN

    Biotexnes kai epaggelmaties ths Qessalonikhs pragmatopoihsan sygkentrwsh sto xwro mprosta apo to agalma toy Benizeloy kai poreia mexri to ypoyrgeio Makedonias-Qrakhs, symmetexontas sthn panelladikh kinhtopoihsh twn mikromesaiwn poy synodeyetai me to kleisimo twn katasthmatwn toys.

    Th diamartyria organwsan h Omospondia Biotexnikwn Swmateiwn kai h Omospondia Epaggelmatiwn Emporwn, enw o Emporikos Syllogos diaforopoihqhke kai apofasise ta melh toy na mhn kleisoyn ta katasthmata alla na sbhsoyn ta fwta apo tis 2.30m.m mexri ta mesanyxta.

    Sth sygkentrwsh milhse o proedros ths Omospondias Biotexnikwn Swmateiwn (OBSQ), Stayros Zaxarelhs, o opoios ypogrammise oti h kybernhsh akoloyqei politikh diwgmoy se baros twn mikromesaiwn epixeirhsewn (MME), ejaitias ths opoias odhgoyntai xiliades epixeirhseis se afanismo." Gia prwth fora, eipe, kentrikoi dromoi ths Qessalonikhs kai allwn polewn, exoyn mia plhqwra egkataleleimenwn katasthmatwn h epixeirhsewn, me thn endeijh "PWLEITAI" h "ENOIKIAZETAI". H krish shmera stis mikres epixeirhseis einai baqytath kai gi ayto ypeyqynes einai oi kybernhseis poy kybernhsan ton topo ta teleytaia xronia".

    Sto chfisma poy egkriqhke anaferetai oti: -O tziros, oi ptwxeyseis kai oi plhrwmes akoloyqoyn dramatikh poreia. -H forologia ginetai diarkws sklhroterh. -Epekteinetai h asydoth drash twn polykatasthmatwn kai twn polyeqnikwn. -H apobiomhxanish kai h eisagwgikh dieisdysh katastrefoyn thn paragwgikh bash ths xwras.

    Diatypwnontai, epishs, ta aithmata gia: -Efarmogh eqnikoy sxedioy anaptyjhs kai eksygxronismoy twn MME ki enos dikaioy forologikoy systhmatos. -Katarghsh twn antikeimenikwn krithriwn. -Periorismo ths asydosias twn polykatasthmatwn kai polyeqnikwn. -Qespish anqrwpinoy wrarioy. -Pragmatikh prostasia ths epaggelmatikhs steghs.

    [02] PANEKPAIDEYTIKO SYLLALHTHRIO STH QESSALONIKH

    Treis xiliades kaqhghtes, daskaloi kai maqhtes, apo nomoys ths Makedonias, ths Qrakhs kai ths Qessalias, phran meros sto panekpaideytiko syllalhthrio sthn plateia toy Leykoy Pyrgoy, opoy parabreqhkan o proedros ths OLME, Nikos Tsoylias, kai ta ypoloipa melh ths dioikhshs ths omospondias.

    Oi diadhlwtes achfisan to kryo kai to xarakthristiko ths sygkentrwshs htan o palmos kai ena qeatriko xapenigk poy paroysiasthke apo kaqhghtries. Ligo prin o proedros ths OLME, Nikos Tsoylias, aphyqyne ek neoy ekklhsh sthn kybernhsh gia ousiastij| dialogo, gyrw apo ta problhmata ths Ekpaideyshs, kai proeidopoihse oti oi kaqhghtes einai apofasismenoi na synexisoyn kai gia 6h ebdomada thn apergia, an den yparjoyn ikanopoihtikes apanthseis sta aithmata toys.

    Apo thn plateia toy Leykoy Pyrgoy oi diadhlwtes kateyqynqhkan me poreia pros to ypoyrgeio Makedonias-Qrakhs.

    [03] PROTASH DIALOGOY PROS THN KYBERNHSH APO TOYS KAQHGHTES

    Thn apofash twn kaqhghtwn na synexisoyn thn apergia kai gia 6h ebdomada, an den yparjei ikanopoihtikh apanthsh ths kybernhshs sta aithmata toys, gnwstopoihsan oi ekproswpoi twn pente ELME ths Qessalonikhs se synenteyjh typoy poy edwsan to prwi sthn aiqoysa ths Enwshs Dhmosioypallhlikwn Organwsewn (EDOQ).

    Oi syndikalistes kalesan ek neoy thn kybernhsh se dialogo, gia ta problhmata ths paideias, kai tonisan pws ektos apo to shmerino syllalhthrio qa pragmatopoihsoyn kai alles ekdhlwseis diamartyrias tis epomenes hmeres.

    [04] ANABLHQHKE H EPISKECH ARSENH STH QESSALONIKH

    Anablhqhke h programmatismenh gia shmera episkech toy ypoyrgoy Paideias, Gerasimoy Arsenh, sth Qessalonikh.

    Symfwna me plhrofories ektaktes ypoxrewseis, opws kai h synedriash toy Ektelestikoy Grafeioy toy PASOK to apogeyma, krathsan ton ypoyrgo sthn Aqhna.

    [05] D.REPPAS: DEN TIQETAI QEMA EPISTRATEYSHS TWN KAQHGHTWN

    O kybernhtikos ekproswpos Dhmhtrhs Reppas erwthqeis gia tis kinhtopoihseis twn ekpaideytikwn tonise oti den tiqetai qema epistrateyshs toys.

    To melos toy Ektelestikoy Grafeioy toy PASOK Qeodwros Tsoykatos epanelabe oti h kybernhsh den exei periqwria gia thn ikanopoihsh twn oikonomikwn toys aithmatwn, wstoso tonise oti einai anoixtos o dialogos gia ola ta qesmika zhthmata.

    [06] STON EISAGGELEA 4 ATOMA POY STOIXHMATIZAN SE KYNOMAXIES STO MAKRYXWRI HMAQIAS

    Ston eisaggelea Beroias odhghqhkan ta tessera apo ta 46 atoma poy synelhfqhsan sto Makroxwri Hmaqeias na stoixhmatizoyn se kynomaxies se xwro toy aerodromioy anemopteristwn.

    Prokeitai gia toys Apostolo Mpatsio, 45 xronwn, kafepwlh, Eystaqio Apostolidh, 27 xronwn, gewrgo, Gewrgio Parasxo 41 xronwn kai Kwnstantino Tsoybala 44 xronwn emporo.

    Oi ypoloipoi afeqhkan eleyqeroi, afoy toys apaggelqhkan kathgories. O astynomikos dieyqynths Hmaqias k.Zwgrafos, tonise oti stis xqesines kynomaxies htan peripoy 100 atoma, enw katasxeqhkan 500.000 draxmes. Paradexthke epishs, oti paromoies kynomaxies eginan toylaxiston alles treis fores sthn perioxh. Arnhqhke omws, oti diorganwnontan epi ena xrono.

    [07] MONADIKES STON KOSMO OI PARADOSIAKES BARKES THS KASTORIAS

    Monadikes ston kosmo einai oi barkes ths limnhs ths Kastorias me to idiorryqmo sxhma, oi legomenes "plabes", poy xrhsimopoioyntai eyrytata sthn perioxh -edw kai ekatontades xronia- gia carema, metafores proiontwn kai metakinhseis katoikwn. H morfh twn skafwn aytwn, poy oi katoikoi ths perioxhs onomazoyn kai "karabia", akoloyqei topikes nayphgikes paradoseis kai den apantatai se kanena allo meros toy kosmoy. Oi "plabes" einai skafh poy epibiwsan analloiwta stoys aiwnes kai apotelesan shmeio anaforas stis afhghseis Ellhnwn kai jenwn perihghtwn. Se biblio allodapoy perihghth, poy perase apo th limnh ths Kastorias to 1805, perilambanontai sxedia twn skafwn, kaqws kai leptomereis plhrofories gia th xrhsh toys, stis opoies anaferetai oti oi "plabes" mporoysan na metaferoyn perissotera apo trianta atoma me enan mono kwphlath.

    H morfh, o tropos kataskeyhs kai oi xrhseis twn monadikwn aytwn skafwn, qa apotelesoyn to qema ths ayrianhs omilias -sto ktirio toy Dikhgorikoy Syllogoy Qessalonikhs-toy lektora ths Arxitektonikhs Sxolhs toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy, Panoy Tsolakh, o opoios exei syggracei biblio poy pragmateyetai to endiaferon ayto qema.

    "Prokeitai gia th diathrhsh mias zwntanhs paradoshs. Akomh kai shmera oi carades sth limnh ths Kastorias protimoyn ta skafh ayta apo opoiadhpote alla, giati einai grhgora kai staqera. H morfh toys den exei entopistei poyqena alloy ston kosmo. Oi akres toys einai yperycwmenes, se antiqesh me ta alla limnisia skafh, enw ta koypia toys einai dynata kai kataskeyasmena me toso ejypno tropo poy den xreiazontai perissoteroi apo enan kwphlath. Malista, ton teleytaio kairo, exw parathrhsei oti kai barkes se alles limnes ths Elladas exoyn antigracei kai xrhsimopoioyn ta sygkekrimena koypia, alla den yparxei armonia sthn aisqhtikh toys", tonise milwntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o k.Tsolakhs, poy epishmane thn anagkaiothta diathrhshs ths paradoshs poy synodeyei thn kataskeyh twn skafwn aytwn.

    Pantws, pros to paron, den diafainetai kanenas kindynos antikatastashs toys me pio sygxrona kai ejeligmena skafh, kaqws oi karabomaragkoi ths Kastorias den prolabainoyn na ekteloyn tis paraggelies newn skafwn apo toys carades, poy den allazoyn me tipota tis paradosiakes "plabes".

    [08] APO AYRIO EKSTRATEIA ENHMERWSHS GIA TA NARKWTIKA SE OLA TA LYKEIA THS EPARXIAS LAGKADA

    Megalh ekstrateia enhmerwshs twn maqhtwn olwn twn Genikwn kai Texnikwn Lykeiwn ths eparxias Lagkada, panw sto qema twn narkwtikwn jekina ayrio me prwtoboylia toy Eparxeioy se synergasia me thn B'Dieyqynsh Deyterobaqmias Ekpaideyshs nomoy Qessalonikhs. Opws epishmainei o Eparxos Lagkada Triantafyllos Margariths stoxos ths ekstrateias, poy qa oloklhrwqei stis 31 Martioy, einai na doqei stoys neoys apo eidikoys episthmones kai armodioys h orqh, egkyrh kai episthmonikh plhroforhsh gia to qema twn narkwtikwn wste na prolhfqei kai na apotrapei h xrhsh toys. Oi enhmerwtikes olik_er qa jekinhsoyn ayrio apo to lykeio Lagkada kai qa oloklhrwqoyn sto telos toy epomenoy mhna sto Lykeio N, Madytoy.

    [09] ME TO PROEDREIO THS ADEDY SYNANTHQHKE O D. TSOBOLAS

    Thn pepoiqhsh oti to nomosxedio ths kybernhshs gia to neo misqologio twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn, den toys anabaqmizei oikonomika, oyte symballei sthn anabaqmish ths Dhmosias Dioikhshs, ejefrase o Proedros toy DHKKI, Dhmhtrhs Tsobolas, amesws meta th synanthsh poy eixe me to proedreio ths ADEDY.

    O k. Tsobolas ypogrammise oti to DHKKI qa katachfisei epi ths arxhs toy sth Boylh to nomosxedio kai qa zhthsei na klhqei h ADEDY gia na ekqesei tis apoceis ths sth Diarkh Koinoboyleytikh Epitroph.

    Anaferomenos stoys ergazomenoys olwn twn kladwn, o Proedros toy DHKKI kathgorhse thn kybernhsh oti blaptei ta symferonta toys kai yposthrije oti h kybernhsh qelei na desmeysei ta diaqesima twn asfalistikwn tameiwn.

    Parallhla, tonise oti me ayton ton tropo h kybernhsh apodeiknyei oti "epixeirei na fortwsei ola ta barh ths krishs stoys ergazomenoys" kai thn kalese na aposyrei thn diatajh, wste ta asfalistika tameia na topoqetoyn kata thn krish toys kai me wfelimoys gia aytoys oroys ta kefalaia toys.

    [10] ME TO APAIXTO STHN ELLADA ERGO "SPLENDID'S" TOY Z.ZENE EGKAINIAZETAI THN PEMPTH TO QEATRO THS ETAIREIAS MAKEDONIKWN SPOYDWN

    Patrida twn empneysewn, alla kai ths apognwshs, xarakthrise th Qessalonikh h gnwsth hqopoios kai skhnoqeths, Royla Paterakh, poy qa egkainiasei thn Pempth to anakainismeno qeatro ths Etaireias Makedonikwn Spoydwn, me ena apaixto sthn Ellada ergo toy Zan Zene, to "Splendid's". To ergo, poy qa kostisei 57 ekatommyria draxmes, apotelei symparagwgh toy qiasoy toy Dramatikoy Qeatroy ths Roylas Paterakh me ton Organismo Politistikhs Prwteyoysas ths Eyrwphs "Qessalonikh 97".

    Symfwna me thn k.Paterakh -poy eixe megalh eyxereia skhnoqetikwn xeirismwn ths parastashs, logw ths panteloys apoysias sxetikwn ypodeijewn toy Zene- prokeitai gia ena ergo dyskolo, poy mesa apo ton myqo, thn teleth, thn emmonh kai thn prodosia, katalhgei sthn palh ths hqikhs, poy xarakthrizei to synolo ths qeatrikhs paragwghs toy syggrafea.

    [11] APANTHSH D.SALPISTH STHN EPISTOLH E.BENIZELOY GIA DYSLEITOYRGIA TOY ORGANISMOY POLITISTIKHS PRWTEYOYSAS THS EYRWPHS

    "To Dioikhtiko Symboylio toy Organismoy Politistikhs Prwteyoysas exei hdh asxolhqei me thn kritikh poy askhqhke gia ta egkainia toy qesmoy kai tis adynamies ths organwshs. Meqayrio qa synedriasei, prokeimenoy na ejetastoyn trexonta qemata poy aptontai toy programmatos kai elpizw tote na diatypwqoyn kapoies protaseis poy qa epitrecoyn thn kalyterh leitoyrgia toy qesmoy, oi opoies qa syzhthqoyn syntoma, parontos elpizw kai toy Ypoyrgoy Pokitislo}", dhlwse shmera, kata th diarkeia synenteyjhs typoy, o antiproedros toy Organismoy Politistikhs Prwteyoysas ths Eyrwphs "Qessalonikh 97", Dhmhtrios Salpisths, sxoliazontas epistolh toy Ypoyrgoy Politismoy, Eyaggeloy Benizeloy, poy dhmosieythke xtes se aqhnaikh efhmerida, kataggelontas adynamies kai dysleitoyrgies sthn organwsh toy OPPEQ '97. O k.Salpisths tonise akomh oti apo thn arxh sxedon ths leitoyrgias toy Organismoy yparxei synexhs oikonomikos elegxos.

    Ypenqymizetai oti sthn epistolh toy o k.Benizelos epikrinei th sygkentrwsh, se ena mono nomiko proswpo, armodiothtwn sxetikwn me to kataskeyastiko kai to kallitexniko programma. Tonizei de thn anagkaiothta ekteleshs enos synolikoy oikonomikoy elegxoy kai thn ypobolh sxetikoy porismatos apo orkwtoys logistes. Sthn epistolh perilambanontai akomh aixmes gia thn kakh plhroforhsh toy koinoy, th lanqasmenh epikoinwniakh politikh kai thn aneparkh apodosh adra ameibomenwn stelexwn toy Organismoy. Telos, o Ypoyrgos Politismoy proteinei ton orismo entetalmenoy symboyloy gia qemata ekdhlwsewn, epikoinwnias kai filojenias.

    [12] O ALEJ SPANOS EPIKEFALHS TOY ARXIEPISKOPIKOY SYMBOYLIOY THS EKKLHSIAS AMERIKHS-ANTIPROEDROI OI TSAKOPOYLOS - KATSIMATIDHS

    Ton isxyro oikonomiko paragonta ths omogeneias stis HPA kai epi seira etwn idrytiko melos ths "Hgesias twn 100" Alej Spano (Alejandro Spano) topoqethse o Arxiepiskopos Amerikhs k. Spyridwn proedro ths 20meloys ektelestikhs epitrophs toy Arxiepiskopikoy Symboylioy, apokalyptei sthn kyriakatikh ekdosh ths h aqhnaikh efhmerida "Kaqhmerinh".

    Symfwna me to dhmosieyma ths aqhnaikhs efhmeridas- poy epibebaiwnei tis plhrofories poy dierreysan tis teleytaies hmeres - tis qeseis twn tessarwn antiproedrwn toy Arxiepiskopikoy Symboylioy qa katalaboyn oi epixeirhmaties Tzon Pagiablhs, Tzon Katsimatidhs, Antzelo Tsakopoylos kai Antwnhs Stefanhs. Sthn diarkeia ths episkechs toy prosexws sthn Kalifornia, o Arxiepiskopos Spyridwn qa exei thn eykairia na syzhthsei ektenws me ton k. Spano ta zhthmata poy qa apasxolhsoyn thn Arxiepiskoph kai to symboylio ths sta epomena xronia. Ypologizei parallhla me thn kinhsh ayth o k. Spyridwn , oti qa jeperasqoyn oi anhsyxies ths "Hgesias twn 100" kai qa dexqoyn na stamathsoyn na kratoyn thn diaxeirish toy tameioy toys ektos Arxiepiskophs,epixeirwntas etsi na enswmatwsei to laiko stoixeio sthn ekklhsiastikh leitoyrgia.

    Sto plaisio twn stoxwn poy exei qesei o neos prokaqhmenos ths Orqodojias sthn amerikanikh Hpeiro, jekinaei thn ylopoihsh toys me thn enisxysh kai ananewsh olwn twn syllogikwn organwn poy briskontai ypo thn kaqodhghsh ths Ekklhsias. O k. Spyridwn pisteyei pws ta nea epifanh proswpa poy qa stelexwsoyn kaqe "kyttaro" ths ekklhsiastikhs zwhs ston omogeneiako xwro, qa dwsoyn thn pnoh kai th freskada poy xreiazetai h koinh prospaqeia, wste na teqoyn epityxws oi baseis mias kainoyrgias poreias gia thn Ekklhsia, alla kai thn omogeneia mesa sthn amerikanikh prooptikh toy 21oy aiwna. O syndyasmos ths orejhs gia dhmioyrgia twn newn proswpwn, me thn empeiria twn palaioterwn, qa apotelesei thn pleon ajiopisth afethria, gia na jekinhsei me tis kalyteres proypoqeseis g proseggish twn stoxwn ths Orqodojias kai toy Ellhnismoy stis HPA.H epilogh epomenws proswpikothtwn poy qa hghqoyn toy neoy ellhnorqodojoy oramatos, yphrje to oysiastikotero kai pio krisimo stadio skechs gia ton Arxiepiskopo. Ta 120 melh toy neoy Arxiepiskopikoy Symboylioy, me prwta sth seira ta 20 ej aytwn, poy qa apoteloyn thn Ektelestikh Epitroph, eprepe na ekproswpoyn kai na ekfrazoyn kaqe kommati kai ptyxh ths omogeneias.Kai ayto epixeirei o k. Spyridwn, symperilambanontas koryfaioys Ellhnoamerikanoys episthmones, epixeirhmaties, nomikoys, kratikoys leitoyrgoys kai alles proswpikothtes, poy diadramatizoyn shmantikotatoys roloys sth shmerinh amerikanikh pragmatikothta. H topoqethsh de toy Alej Spanos sth qesh toy proedroy, qa mporoyse na xarakthrisqei ws meizon gegonos, giati o koryfaios Ellhnoamerikanos exei th dynatothta na symbalei sth dieyqethsh h thn anatroph kai metastrofh qematwn poy exoyn sxesh, akomh kai me ta eyrytera ej aytwn poy aforoyn ton Ellhnismo, opws einai, gia paradeigma, ta Ellhnotoyrkika kai to Kypriako.

    Omws ej isoy shmantikes einai kai oi tesseris proswpikothtes tis opoies epeleje o k. Spyridwn gia na katalaboyn tis antistoixes qeseis twn antiproedrwn. Sygkekrimena topoqethse toys megaloepixeirhmaties Tzon Pagiablh, Aggelo Tsakopoylo, Tzon Katsimatidh kai ton manatzer epixeirhsewn Antwnh Stefanh. Prokeitai gia Ellhnoamerikanoys me terastia oikonomikh, koinwnikh kai oysiastika politikh epifaneia kai epirroh, oi opoioi xairoyn genikhs anagnwrisews kai ektimhsews stis HPA. Analogoy de belhnekoys einai kai ta ypoloipa melh oxi monon ths Ektelestikhs Epitrophs, alla kai oloklhroy toy Arxiepiskopikoy Symboylioy. Prepei de na tonistei, jekinwntas apo ton proedro Alej Spano kai toys tesseris antiproedroys, mexri kai to teleytaio melos, pws, oloi oi Ellhnoamerikanoi poy topoqethse o k. Spyridwn sto basiko organo ths Ekklhsias toy, dexqhkan me sygkinhsh thn epilogh toys apo ton Arxiepiskopo kai hdh etoimazontai pyretwdws gia na perasoyn apo ta logia sta erga.


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [13] STO ODOFRAGMA THS DERYNEIAS QA SYZHTHSEI TIS APEILES TOY R.NTENKTAS GIA EPOIKISMO TO DHMOTIKO SYMBOYLIO THS AMMOXWSTOY

    H katastash poy exei dhmioyrghqei me tis apeiles toy katoxikoy hgeth Raoyf Ntenktas gia ton kaqarismo kai ton epoikismo ths Ammoxwstoy, qa syzhthqei sto odofragma ths Deryneias, apo to Dhmotiko Symboylio ths polhs.

    Sth diarkeia ths syzhthshs qa egkriqei chfisma diamartyrias pros to Geniko Grammatea toy OHE Kofi Anan, to opoio qa epidoqei se ajiwmatiko ths OYNFISYP.

    Symfwna me to dhmarxo ths Ammoxwstoy Andrea Poygioyro, sto chfisma qa perilambanetai apaithsh gia efarmogh toy chfismatos 550, poy pronoei thn epistrofh twn nomimwn katoikwn sthn Ammoxwsto.

    O k.Poygioyrgos yposthrije pws oi dhlwseis toy katoxikoy hgeth den exoyn logikh bash, afoy symfwna me ypologismoys o kaqarismos ths polhs kai h apokatastash twn ktiriwn qa stoixisei ekatommyria lires.

    [14] O G.KRANIDIWTHS STO EKTAKTO SYMBOYLIO TOY NATO POY PRAGMATOPOIEITAI AYRIO STIS BRYJELLES

    Me th symmetoxh ths ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn twn HPA, Mantlin Olmprait, pragmatopoieitai ayrio stis Bryjelles ektakto symboylio twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn twn xwrwn melwn toy NATO. Th xwra mas qa ekproswphsei o yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Giannos Kranidiwths, o opoios den apokleietai sto periqwrio toy symboylioy na exei kat'idia synanthsh me thn ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn twn HPA.

    Sthn parembash toy sth synedriash, o k.Kranidiwths anamenetai oti qa anaptyjei tis apoceis ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs oti dhladh h prwtoboylia gia thn epilysh toy kypriakoy kai h ejomalynsh twn ellhnotoyrkikwn sxesewn poy empodizoyn thn omalh leitoyrgia ths notioanatolikhs pterygas toy NATO prepei na einai syndyasmenh kai na proerxetai toso apo thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh oso kai apo toys symmaxoys ths Toyrkias kai ths Elladas kai idiaitera apo tis HPA.

    H mellontikh dieyrynsh toy NATO pros anatolas me thn katarxh entajh ths Polwnias, ths Oyggarias kai ths Dhmokratias ths Tsexias se syndyasmo me tis nees protaseis ths Oyasigkton gia thn peraiterw meiwsh twn symbatikwn ejoplismwn sthn Eyrwph oso kai twn rwsikwn anamenetai, symfwna me to BBC na anakoinwqoyn sthn ayrianh synedriash. Epishs qa ginei eidikh anafora sto kostos poy synepagetai h dieyrynsh kai h anadiarqrwsh ths leitoyrgias ths Symmaxias kai sthn katanomh toy oikonomikoy baroys metajy twn xwrwn melwn toy NATO.

    Para tis antidraseis poy proballei h Mosxa sthn dieyrynsh toy NATO, h Oyasgkton elpizei oti telika qa peistei kai qa dexqei th dieyrynsh kai qa metasxei telika sto meikto rwso-symmaxiko organo poy proteinei kai to opoio qa syzhta ola ta megala problhmata stratiwtika kai politika poy apasxoloyn tis dyo pleyres. Etsi h Rwsia qa exei th dynatothta na diatypwnei thn apoch ths gia zhthmata poy ta qewrei zwtika gia thn yparjh ths xwris ayto na sgla_mei oti qa ths anagnwristei dikaiwma probolhs beto stis apofaseis toy NATO, sxoliase to BBC.

    [15] SE DIALOGO GIA THN ANTIMETWPISH THS KRISHS KALESE TO SOSIALISTIKO KOMMA H ALBANIKH KYBERNHSH

    Se dialogo kalese ta politika kommata h albanikh kybernhsh prokeimenoy na ejeyreqoyn tropoi antimetwpishs ths krishs poy sygklonizei thn Albania kai h opoia jespase meta thn alysidwth katarreysh twn ependytikwn programmatwn typoy pyramidas.

    Gia shmera, opws metedwse o kratikos radiofwnikos staqmos twn Tiranwn, exei programmatistei synanthsh toy proedroy toy kybernwntos Dhmokratikoy Kommatos, Tritan Sexoy me ton geniko grammatea toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos. Mexri stigmhs pantws den exei ginei gnwsth h proqesh twn sosialistwn kaqws opws einai gnwsto, to Sosialistiko Komma arneitai na metasxei se syzhthsh poy afora thn katarreysh twn paratrapezwn.

    O Proedros Sali Mperisa, o opoios emfanws prospaqei na metaferei thn eyqynh sthn kybernhsh Meji, se synenteyjh toy to Sabbato paradexqhke oti h kybernhsh diepraje orismena laqh sto qema xeirismoy twn programmatwn kai oti kaqysterhse na enhmerwsei gia toys kindynoys poy endexomenws antimetwpizan oi polites stis ependyseis toys stis paratrapezes. Wstoso o Mperisa eperrice eyqynes kai stoys ependytes legontas oti den einai dynaton twra na apozhmiwqoyn apo thn kybernhsh gia tis apwleies. "Den mporoyme na epwmisqoyme ayto to xreos. Kammia dhmokratikh kybernhsh den qa analambane mia tetoia ypoxrewsh. An to prattame qa anagkazomaste na ejapathsoyme ton lao typwnontas xrhma xwris antikrysma ,pragma poy qa trofodotoyse ton plhqwrismo", tonise.

    Ston xwro ths ellhnikhs meionothtas, ta posa poy eixan ependyqei stis paratrapezes einai entypwsiaka. Symfwna me ton kratiko radiostaqmo, mono sto xwrio Derbitsanh ths Katw Dropolhs ypologizetai oti oi kataqeseis twn katoikwn toy stis paratrapezes jeperasan ta 450 ekatommyria drx. Analoga posa anaferontai kai gia alles perioxes.Oi antidraseis pantws toy kosmoy sto Argyrokastro, to Delbino kai toys Agioys Saranta yphrjan hremes kai den shmeiwqhkan biaia epeisodia.

    Sto metajy prwhn kai nyn ypoyrgoi, diaceydoyn dhmosieymata jenwn efhmeridwn, ta opoia toys eferan anamemeigmenoys se ypoqeseis laqremporioy kaysimwn, oplwn, k.a. To grafeio toy ypoyrgoy Amynas anakoinwse oti kataqese mhnysh kata ths bretanikhs efhmeridas "Intipentent" enw to grafeio toy Proedroy proebh se dieykriniseis sxetika me ta dwra poy prosefere o Mperisa ston prwqypoyrgo Tzwn Mehtzor kata thn episkech toy sto Londino to 1993 enw diaceydetai h kataggelia oti afaireqhkan antikeimena apo tis proqhkes toy Eqnikoy Istorikoy Moyseioy.

    [16] KRISH SITHRWN STH BOYLGARIA. APOFASEIS THS YPHRESIAKHS KYBERNHSHS

    Thn krish sithrwn poy antimetwpizei h Boylgaria, epibebaiwse me shmerines toy dhlwseis sth Sofia, o ypoyrgos Gewrgias, Roymen Xristof, o opoios shmeiwse oti ta apoqemata sithrwn sth xwra qa vt\soum mono gia 20 hmeres akomh.

    O k.Xristof prosqese oti h yphresiakh kybernhsh ths Boylgarias exei apodextei thn protash toy na zhthsei bohqeia apo thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, toys dieqneis oikonomikoys organismoys kai alloys foreis gia thn epilysh toy problhmatos. Ws synepeia ths aneparkeias sithrwn h timh toy artoy sth xwra ayjanetai synexws kai einai dyskolo na problecei kaneis poy mporei na ftasei.

    H timh sto cwmi qa ftasei ta 1800- 2000 leba to kilo ean h Boylgaria eisagagei sithra basei ths shmerinhs isotimias leba - dolarioy, tonise o ypoyrgos Gewrgias, k.Xristof. Ean h problech ayth epalhqeytei, tote enas ergazomenos sth Boylgaria qa mporei na agorazei me ton misqo toy peripoy 6 kila cwmi, kaqws o katwtatos ergatikos misqos sth Boylgaria anerxetai se 11.000 leba.

    Paketo oikonomikwn metrwn gia th sthrijh ths Boylgarias prokeitai na syzhthsoyn ekproswpoi toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy, ths Pagkosmias Trapezas, ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Trapezas Anasygkrothshs kai Anaptyjhs (EBRD), to erxomeno Sabbatokyriako stis Bryjelles. Symfwna me dhmosieyma ths efhmeridas "24 Wres" ths Sofias, sth synanthsh ayth qa labei meros kai h epikefalhs ths apostolhs toy DNT gia th Boylgaria, An Makgkerk, h opoia qa episkeftei thn epomenh Deytera th Sofia.

    Sto metajy, h yphresiakh kybernhsh Sofigianski elabe shmera seira apofasewn. Proedros ths syntonistikhs epitrophs gia thn proetoimasia twn prowrwn eklogwn ths 19hs Aprilioy oristhke o antiproedros ths kybernhshs Xaralampi Antsef. Gia thn proetoimasia twn eklogwn to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn qa diaqesei to poso twn 5 disekatommyriwn leba (3000 leba = 1 dolario).

    Me proedriko diatagma katarghqhke to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikhs Anaptyjhs. H yphresiakh kybernhsh proebh sthn antikatastash olwn twn perifereiarxwn ths xwras, alla kai toy dioikhtikoy symboylioy ths kratikhs etairias fysikoy aerioy "Mpoylgkargkaz".

    Thn idia wra h apergiakh epitroph sto Boylgariko kratiko radiofwno epimenei gia thn apomakrynsh toy ypodieyqynth toy radiofwnoy, Mporislab Ntzamtsief kai allwn dyo dieyqyntwn programmatwn, toys opoioys kathgorei gia epibolh logokrisias. Me mhnyma toys ston Proedro ths Boylgarias. P.Stogianof kai ston prwqypoyrgo St. Sofigianski, oi apergoi ypogrammizoyn pws me tis apolyseis aytes qa doqei eykairia gia thn "apokatastash toy kyroys kai ths empistosynhs sto eqniko radiofwno".

    [17] SYNANTHSH KENTRWWN KAI DEJIWN KOMMATWN APO TIS XWRES THS BALKANIKHS DIORGANWNEI STH SOFIA H EDD

    Synanthsh kommatwn twn xwrwn ths Balkanikhs poy proskeintai ston kentrwo kai dejio xwro diorganwnei o kentrodejios synaspismos ths Boylgarias Enwsh Dhmokratikwn Dynamewn (EDD).

    Th synanthsh poy qa pragmatopoihqei sth Sofia, proanhggeile o proedros ths EDD, Iban Kostwf se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida "Stantarnt". O k.Kostwf den anefere wstoso perissoteres leptomereies gia th diejagwgh kai tis symmetoxes twn kommatwn sth synanthsh, epeidh opws eipe, brisketai akomh sto stadio ths pqoetoilas_ar.

    Katalhgontas tonise oti an h synanthsh pragmatopoihqei prin ton erxomeno Aprilio, prin dhladh th diejagwgh twn eklogwn sth Boylgaria, "qa prosefere shmantikh bohqeia sthn EDD".

    [18] SYNANTHSH TWN POLITIKWN DIEYQYNTWN TWN YPOYRGEIWN EJWTERIKWN TWN BALKANIKWN XWRWN STIS 18-19 FEBROYARIOY STH SOFIA

    Dihmerh synanthsh twn politikwn dieyqyntwn twn ypoyrgeiwn Ejwterikwn twn balkanikwn xwrwn, arxizei ayrio sth Sofia, symfwna me anakoinwsh toy ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn ths Boylgarias.

    H synanthsh entassetai sto plaisio twn oswn exoyn symfwnhsei oi ypoyrgoi Ejwterikwn twn balkanikwn xwrwn stis 6 kai 7 Ioylioy sth Sofia.

    H protash ths boylgarikhs pleyras gia thn hmerhsia diatajh afora sthn anaptyjh twn programmatwn perifereiakhs synergasias, sthn antallagh apocewn sxetika me th symmetoxh se programmata ths Kentroeyrwpaikhs Prwtoboylias kai ths Oikonomikhs Synergasias Eyjeinoy Pontoy, kaqws kai sthn anaptyjh protasewn gia ta qemata poy prokeitai na syzhthsoyn oi Balkanioi ypoyrgoi Ejwterikwn kata thn epomenh synanthsh toys sthn Ellada.

    [19] TOYRKIA: ENA ARQRO THS GRAMMATIKHS SWZEI ARISTERO KOMMA APO APOFASH TOY SYNTAGMATIKOY DIAKSTHRIOY POY TO KHRYJE EKTOS NOMOY

    Ena arqro ths grammatikhs poy prosteqhke ston titlo "Kommatos Ergasias" apodeixthke swthrio kaqws to bohqhse na jeperasei to empodio poy eqete h apofash toy Syntagmatikoy Dikasthrioy ths Toyrkias khryssontas to ektos nomoy. Opws epishmainei h efhmerida "Xoyrriet" h hgesia toy aristeroy "Kommatos Ergasias" espeyse, amesws molis arxise h dikh enantion toy, kanontas ena logopaignio, na idrysei ena neo me to onoma "Komma ths Ergasias". To Syntagmatiko Dikasthrio eqese to "Komma Ergasias" ektos nomoy ystera apo kataggelia ths Eisaggeleias Efetwn me thn kathgoria oti sto programma toy perilambanontai arqra poy erxontai se antiqesh me to Syntagma. H apofash toy Syntagmatikoy Dikasthrioy omws isxyei mono gia to "Komma Ergasias" kai oxi kai gia to "Komma ths Ergasias".


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Nikoy Xatzh)

    [20] TO “PAZL” SYMFERONTWN TWN DHMOKRATIWN METAJY TOY EYJEINOY KAI THS KASPIAS -O ROLOS THS GKAZPROM

    Ta ploysia koitasmata mayroy xrysoy stis parakties perioxes ths Kaspias, kaqws kai olos o problhmatismos poy synodeyei toys piqanoys dromoys metaforas toys stis dytikes petrelaikes agores, leitoyrghsan qetika ws pros ton epanaprodiorismo ths gewstrathgikhs qeshs twn prwhn sobietikwn dhmokratiwn.

    O logos, gia thn Armenia, to Azermpaizan kai th Gewrgia poy an kai kerdisan thn anejarthsia toys, exoyn akomh, dromo na dianysoyn gia thn edraiwsh ths oikonomikhs kai politikhs toys staqerothtas. Wstoso, oi teleytaies ejelijeis sthn perioxh qetoyn tir parapanw prwhn sobietikes dhmokraties, basikoys prwtagwnistes sto petrelaiko “pazl” symferontwn poy sthnetai sthn eyryterh perioxh toys. POLITIKH KATASTASH ARMENIA To geniko symperasma poy epikratei stoys dytikoys oikonomikoys kykloys, metafrazetai sthn “aproqymia” ths anaferomenhs prwhn sobietikhs dhmokratias na antapokriqei -mexri stigmhs- sta qetika keleysmata ths Dyshs. H eswterikh politikh katastash eyqynetai - kata kyrio logo- gia tis arnhtikes entypwseis poy exoyn doqei pros ta ejw, enw apo thn allh meria, h anagkh eisrohs dieqnwn oikonomikwn kefalaiwn einai kati perissotero apo epitaktikh.

    To Septembrio toy 1996, o proedros Lebon Ter-Petrosian epaneklexqhke gia pentaeth proedrikh qhteia, mesw eklogikhs diadikasias poy amfisbhthqhke entona gia thn egkyrothta twn eklogikwn ths apotelesmatwn. Telika, h praktikh bias kai h noqeias ejasfalise ston Petrosian pososto peripoy 52%. Amesws meta thn anakoinwsh twn apotelesmatwn epiblhqhke stratiwtikos nomos, poy synodeythke apo katastolh twn politikwn eleyqeriwn kai thn anaptyjh stratiwtikwn monadwn kai oxhmatwn stoys dromoys ths prwteyoysas Ereban.

    Sto qema toy sebasmoy twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn elaxisth proodos exei shmeiwqei apo ton perasmeno Septembrio, enw h dikastikh ejoysia brisketai se kaqestws ypotaghs stis diatages twn anqrwpwn toy proedroy. Oi syllhceis politwn kai oi jylodarmoi kratoymenwn apoteloyn kaqhmerino fainomeno kai h hmeromhnia dienergeias kybernhtikwn eklogwn paramenei “epimelws” agnwsth. Oi parenergeies toy diktatorikoy kaqestwtos, symplhrwnontai me thn epibolh logokrisias ston typo. Oi epiqeseis kai oi jylodarmoi dhmosiografwn stigmatizoyn thn kaqhmerinh dhmosiografikh praktikh. AZERMPAIZAN Sto geitoniko Azermpaizan, kyriarxei o Xeintar Aligef (prwhn melos toy politikoy grafeioy toy Kommoynistikoy Kommatos kai dieyqyntiko stelexos ths KGB). Deixnontas arketh epidejiothta sto paixnidi toy mayroy xrysoy to kaqestws Aligef katorqwse na diathrhsei ton jeno paragonta se sxetikh apostash apo tis eswterikes politikes ejelijeis, diamorfwnontas ena montelo sygkentrwtikhs diakybernhshs. Einai xarakthristiko oti dytikoi diplwmatikoi kykloi qewroyn ton Aligef ws “ejypno” kai “ikano” hgeth.

    Ston tomea ths eqnikhs asfaleias kyriarxei to problhma sto Nagkorno Karampax, poy para thn anejarthtopoihsh toy Azermpaizan ejakoloyqei na paramenei alyto. Sto oikonomiko epipedo, h apoysia rizikwn metarryqmisewn xarakthrizei thn baqeia oikonomikh krish poy mastizei th neosystath dhmokratia, enw h pleiochfia toy laoy zei se synqhkes ftwxeias. Parallhla, h katastash den einai kalyterh anaforika me thn eleyqeria ths ekfrashs kai thn yioqethsh nomikoy plaisioy poy qa eggyatai th dhmokratikh domh ths koinwnias. GEWRGIA Dytikoi diplwmatikoi kykloi, parathroyn prospaqeies stadiakhs anakamchs ths Gewrgias apo to Noembrio toy 1995, ypo thn proedria toy Entoyart Sebarntnantze. Wstoso, ekremothtes opws ta problhmata sthn Ampxazia kai th notia Osetia, kaqws kai h ayjanomenh entash stis perioxes poy katoikoyntai apo armenikoys plhqysmoys sta notia ths xwras, fainetai na “ypoqhkeyoyn” tis prospaqeies edraiwshs ths eiq^mgr sthn perioxh.

    O katakermatismos ths koinwnias apotelese thn amesh synepeia toy prosfatoy taraxwdoys parelqontos. Kata thn cyxropolemikh periodo oi Gewrgianoi apagoreyotan na tajidecoyn sto ejwteriko. Shmera, mporoyn na tajidecoyn -sxedon- opoydhpote ston kosmo epiqymoyn, enw empodizontai na diakinhqoyn eleyqera mesa sthn idia toys th xwra. Parallhla, h koinwnikh entash enisxyetai apo tis synqhkes katarreyshs ths gewrgianhs oikonomias. Oi elpides olwn sthrizontai sthn proselkysh jenwn ependytikwn kefalaiwn, enw h stasimothta xarakthrizei th leitoyrgia twn ntopiwn epixeirhsewn. Oi proteinomenoi agwgoi metaforas toy petrelaioy ths Kaspias fainetai oti qa “ylopoihsoyn” tis prosdokies olwn. TO SKHNIKO TOY PAIXNIDIOY

    Pera apo thn eswterikh politikh katastash twn parapanw xwrwn, h epilogh ths telikhs diadromhs twn agwgwn toy mayroy xrysoy qa kriqei se megalo baqmo toso apo ta symferonta ths Dyshs, oso kai apo thn “energo” emplokh ths Mosxas. Etsi, sta senaria poy kykloforoyn shmera “paizoyn” h Armenia, h Tsetsenia, h Gewrgia, h Toyrkia kai fysika h Rwsia mesw ths etairias Gkazprom. ARMENIA Ejaitias ths elleichs energeias kai jenoy synallagmatos to didaktoriko kaqestws Petrosian proteinei to dromologio apo thn prwteyoysa toy Azermpaizan Mpakoy, ston toyrkiko petrelaiko kombo toy Tseixan. Wstoso, to Azermpaizan gnwstopoihse oti de qa synergastei me mia xwra (Armenia) poy th qewrei epishmws exqro, enw antirrhseis yparxoyn kai apo thn pleyra ths Agkyras oso den epilyetai to problhma sto Nagkorno-Karampax. Shmeiwnetai oti h proteinomenh diadromh toy agwgoy dierxetai kai apo perioxh toy Azermpaizan poy katoikeitai apo eqnikistes Armenioys. TSETSENIA O monadikos ejagwgikos agwgos toy Azermpaizan dierxetai mesw ths Tsetsenias, omws, yparxei qema epidiorqwshs twn zhmiwn poy proklhqhkan apo ton prosfato antartopolemo. Wstoso, yparxei diamaxh metajy toy Gkrozni kai ths Mosxas anaforika me to ychlo antitimo metaforas toy petrelaioy, poy diekdikoyn oi Tsetsenoi, gia na eggyhqoyn thn asfalh metafora toy mayroy xrysoy. GEWRGIA Oi teleytaies plhrofories anaferoyn oti oi dieqneis petrelaikes etairies epiqymoyn th dieleysh toy agwgoy mesw ths Gewrgias, omws, toso h kataskeyh neoy diktyoy oso kai h anabaqmish toy yparxontos, synepagontai ychlo kostos, enw yparxoyn problhmata sto limani ths Azarias (poy qa termatizetai h poreia toy agwgoy) kaqws h perioxh ayth diekdikei thn anejarthsia ths apo th Gewrgia. Sto shmeio ayto, prepei na lhfqoyn ypoch kai oi foboi ths Mosxas oti ta oikonomika ofelh poy qa prokycoyn apo th diaxeirhsh toy agwgoy qa odhghsoyn thn Tiflida (oristikws) makria apo th rwsikh sfaira epirrohs. TOYRKIA Einai safes oti, h Agkyra epiqymei thn epektash toy agwgoy (poy odhgei apo to Mpakoy sth Mayrh Qalassa) ston petrelaiko kombo toy Tseixan sth Mesogeio. Wstoso, kai h diadromh aytoy toy agwgoy paroysiazei problhmata kaqws dierxetai apo perioxes poy diejagetai antartopolemos apo toys Koyrdoys. H Rwsia antidra sthn protash ayth poy qa odhghsei sthn ejelijh ths Toyrkias se perifereiakh energeiakh dynamh, enw h Agkyra apeilei gia apagoreysh dieleyshs twn tankers apo ta stena toy Bosporoy, ean to anaferomeno sxedio den ektelestei. H PANTOKRATORIA THS GKAZPROM

    Sta petrelaika drwmena ths perioxhs, h Mosxa (poy proteinei thn kataskeyh agwgoy me katalhjh sto petrelaiko limani toy Noborosisk kai apo `kei th metafora toy petrelaioy me tanker sto Mpoyrgkaz (Boylgaria) me telikh katalhjh to limani ths Alejandroypolhs kai ejodo sto Aigaio pelagos) paizei me ta symferonta ths etairias Gkazprom.

    H Gkazprom idryqhke to 1989, antikaqistwntas to sobietiko ypoyrgeio Fysikoy Aerioy, enw thn teleytaia pentaetia anelabe -gia th Rwsikh Omospondia- th synolikh prospaqeia paragwghs kai diaqeshs fysikoy aerioy, me kentriko stoxo thn proselkysh jenoy synallagmatos. H anaferomenh etairia jekinhse thn epixeirhmatikh ths prospaqeia san kratikos organismos. Shmera ejakoloyqei na diepetai -se megalo baqmo- apo dhmosio monopwliako kaqestws, parexei to 100% toy fysikoy aerioy poy katanalwnetai sth Rwsia kai to 94% ths synolikhs posothtas aerioy poy dianemetai entos ths Rwsikhs Omospondias. H etairia askei oysiastikh epidrash sto Kremlino, enw ajizei na anaferqei oti o shmerinos prwqypoyrgos Biktor Tsernomirntin diatelese genikos ths dieyqynths. Parallhla, polla (prwhn) anwtera stelexh ths Gkazprom katexoyn shmera ychles kybernhtikes qeseis.

    H etairia exei kata kairoys xrhsimopoihqei “ws meso ylopoihshs” stoxwn ths rwsikhs ejwterikhs politikhs, kaqws exei apeilhsei me diakoph paroxhs th Liqoyania, thn Oykrania kai th Leykorwsia ean de jexrewsoyn ta xreh toys kai exei empodisei thn oikonomikh anaptyjh toy Toyrkmenistan me thn arnhsh ths na dioxeteysei mesw ths rwsikhs epikrateias- fysiko aerio (poy paragetai sthn anaferomenh xwra) pros tis dytikes agores.

    Parolo poy to Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio exei proteinei to “spasimo” twn drasthriothtwn ths etairias, h Mosxa exei kaqe logo na to kaqysterhsei, kaqws h Gkazprom elegxei to 1/3 apodedeigmenwn apoqematwn fysikoy aerioy kai ejyphretei koino 150 ekat. katoikwn entos ths Rwsikhs Omospondias (para th genikoterh kakh oikonomikh katastash) poy exei ws synepeia thn adynamia twn katanalwtwn kai twn epixeirhsewn na plhrwsoyn toys logariasmoys toys. Wstoso, h prooptikes gia to ameso mellon emfanizontai aisiodojes kaqws h Mosxa yposthrizei thn energeiakh strofh toy biomhxanikoy tomea apo th blaberh kaysh toy anqraka h toy mazoyt sthn 100% xrhsh toy pio kaqaroy -gia to periballon- fysikoy aerioy. Stoxos h “apotamieysh” argoy petrelaioy poy qa mporei na ejaxqei, alla kai h anodos toy fysikoy aerioy sth synolikh energeiakh katanomh apo to 49% (1995) sto epipedo toy 57% mexri to 2010.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei oti kaqws h Gkazprom diaxeirizetai monopwliaka kai to diktyo metaforas toy fysikoy aerioy, mporei kai elegxei (opws proanaferqhke) to synolo twn ejagwgwn fysikoy aerioy twn prwhn sobietikwn dhmokratiwn toy Kazakstan, toy Toyrkmenistan kai toy Oyzmpekistan -oi agwgoi diaqeshs fysikoy aerioy pros tis dytikes agores dierxontai anagkastika apo rwsiko edafos.

    H anaferomenh etairia exei qetika apotelesmata kai ektos Rwsikhs Omospondias, kaqws to 1995 dieqese to 20% toy fysikoy aerioy poy katanalwqhke sthn Dytikh Eyrwph kai to 55% aytoy poy katanalwqhke sthn kentroanatolikh -prwhn kommoynistikh- Eyrwph. Para ton ayjhmeno antagwnismo apo to Toyrkmenistan, thn Algeria, to Iran kai th Norbhgia h rwsikh etairia diathrei symfwnies sxedon me oles tis eyrwpaikes xwres symperilambanomenwn ths Gallias, ths Germanias, ths Italias kai twn Balkaniwn. Prosfata egkainiasthke agwgos poy mesw ths Boylgarias katalhgei sthn Ellada, enw sxediazetai kai agwgos fysikoy aerioy pros thn Toyrkia o opoios qa dierxetai toy byqoy ths Mayrhs Qalassas. Parallhla, proxwroyn oi diadikasies gia thn energopoihsh daneioy 2,5 dis. dolariwn apo thn trapeza Luxembourg SA, gia thn kataskeyh agwgoy 4200 xlm., me katalhjh sta polwgermanika synora.

    Parallhla, h Eyrwpaikh Trapeza Anasygkrothshs kai Anaptyjhs anakoinwse sxedia ths gia xorhghsh daneioy ycoys 225 ekat. dolariwn, wste na xrhmatodothqei to programma episkeywn toy diktyoy dianomhs fysikoy aerioy sto eswteriko ths Rwsias, enw yparxei plano synergasias me thn ollandikh trapeza ABN AMRO BANK gia katartish programmatos daneiodothshs ycoys 46,5 ekat. dolariwn.

    Oikonomikoi kykloi sth Dysh ektimoyn oti h Gkazprom, para to monopwleiako kaqestws ths apotelei oysiastikh dynamh sthn arena yperaspishs twn rwsikwn symferontwn. Ta politika kaqestwta stis prwhn sobietikes dhmokraties, h elleich jenwn ependytikwn kefalaiwn, alla kai apo thn allh meria, h anagkh ajiopoihshs twn koitasmatwn mayroy xrysoy kai fysikoy aerioy apo tis dytikes etairies, dhmioyrgoyn ena “ekrhktiko pazl” symferontwn me aprobleptes proektaseis.


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