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Macedonian Press Agency: News in Greek, 97-02-10

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY EIDHSEWN

Qessalonikh, 10 Febroyarioy 1997


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Nikoy Xatzh)


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] GIA TETARTH EBDOMADA SYNEXIZOYN THN APERGIA TOYS OI KAQHGHTES

  • [02] STH QESSALIA TELOS FEBROYARIOY O K.SHMITHS -OI AGROTES APEILOYN OTI QA EPISTRECOYN STIS KINHTOPOIHSEIS STHN EPETEIO TOY KILELER

  • [03] G. KRANIDIWTHS: H ELLADA YPOSTHRIZEI LYSH TOY KYPRIAKOY ME BASH TA CHFISMATA TWN HNWMENWN EQNWN

  • [04] SYNANTHSH K. SHMITH ME E. BENIZELO,K. LALIWTH KAI K. SKANDALIDH

  • [05] DIAKOSIA XRONIA META THN PRWTH THS EKDOSH H XARTA TOY RHGA FERAIOY TYPWQHKE KAI KYKLOFOREI JANA

  • [06] AGWNIWDEIS PROSPAQEIES TWN ELLHNWN STH BARNA NA MAQOYN ELLHNIKA.-ETOIMAZONTAI NA GIORTASOYN GIA PRWTH FORA THN 25h MARTIOY

  • [07] TO OIKOYMENIKO PATRIARXEIO STO DIKTYO INTERNET

  • [08] O ELLHNISMOS STON 21o AIWNA, TO QEMA SYNEDRIOY POY QA PRAGMATOPOIHQEI STH MELBOYRNH TON AYGOYSTO


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [09] AIMATHRES SYGKROYSEIS STHN AYLWNA-DYO NEKROI KAI DEKADES TRAYMATIES

  • [10] EPIQESH DEXQHKE PLOIO ME KYPRIAKH SHMAIA APO ELIKOPTERA THS SRI LANKA

  • [11] EKLOGIKES PROETOIMASIES STH BOYLGARIA-OI PRWTES EKTIMHSEIS DINOYN PROBADISMA STHN EDD

  • [12] STO 43,8% O PLHQWRISMOS TON IANOYARIO TOY 1997 STH BOYLGARIA

  • [13] IAPWNIKH BOHQEIA YCOYS 180.000 DOLARIWN GIA TH BOYLGARIA

  • [14] TOYRKOKYPRIOI AGORAZAN STO LONDINO KYPRIAKA DIABATHRIA


  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Nikoy Xatzh)

  • [15] “POLEMOS” PETRELAIKWN SYMFERONTWN STHN KASPIA


  • OI EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] GIA TETARTH EBDOMADA SYNEXIZOYN THN APERGIA TOYS OI KAQHGHTES

    Gia 16h mera synexizoyn thn apergia toys oi kaqhghtes Gymnasiwn kai Lykeiwn, oi opoioi shmera qa pragmatopoihsoyn sygkentrwsh ejw apo to ypoyrgeio Paideias.

    H dioikhsh ths OLME, anamenetai na proteinei stis genikes syneleyseis toy kladoy th synexish ths apergias kai thn epomenh ebdomada. H hgesia toy ypoyrgeioy ejetazei tropoys anaplhrwshs twn xamenwn didaktikwn wrwn.

    Daskaloi kai nhpiagwgoi synexizoyn thn apergia toys toylaxiston ews thn Tetarth, mera kata thn opoia qa lhfqei h oristikh apofash toy kladoy, gia thn anastolh h lg twn kinhtopoihsewn.

    [02] STH QESSALIA TELOS FEBROYARIOY O K.SHMITHS -OI AGROTES APEILOYN OTI QA EPISTRECOYN STIS KINHTOPOIHSEIS STHN EPETEIO TOY KILELER

    Sthn epeteio toy Kileler, ton Martio, proeidopoioyn oi agrotes ths Qessalias oti qa epistrecoyn stis kinhtopoihseis. Xqes, apesyran ta trakter toys apo ton kombo twn Mikroqhbwn.

    Ekproswpoi ths Panqessalikhs Epitrophs kathggeilan stis omilies toys thn astynomokratia kai tis doliofqores, poy opws yposthrijan prokalesan andres twn MAT sta trakter poy htan paratetagmena kata mhkos ths eqnikhs odoy.

    Koryfaia stelexh ths kybernhshs me dhlwseis toys kata thn ejormhsh ana thn Ellada, pareixan dhmosia sthrijh sthn politikh ths kybernhshs sto agrotiko problhma. Symfwna me dhmosiografikes plhrofories, o Prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Shmiths programmatizei trihmerh periodeia sth Qessalia stis 28 Febroyarioy.

    [03] G. KRANIDIWTHS: H ELLADA YPOSTHRIZEI LYSH TOY KYPRIAKOY ME BASH TA CHFISMATA TWN HNWMENWN EQNWN

    Me ton eidiko apestalmeno toy Genikoy Grammatea toy OHE Xan Soyngk Tzoy, o opoios eftase shmera sth xwra mas proerxomenos apo thn Agkyra synanthqhke to prwi o yfypoyrgos ejwterikwn Giannos Kranidiwths.

    "H Ellada yposthrizei lysh toy Kypriakoy me bash ta chfismata twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn", shmeiwse o k. Kranidiwths kai taxqhke yper ths apostratikopoihshs ths nhsoy kai ths egkatastashs se aythn polyeqnikhs dynamhs opws epishs kai ths enarjhs apeyqeias synomiliwn ypo thn proypoqesh oti qa breqei koino edafos. Ypogrammise telos thn anagkh na lhfqei ypoch to gegonos oti den prokeitai gia diakoinotiko problhma alla gia eisbolh kai katoxh ths Megalonhsoy.

    Sto metajy se ejelijh brisketai neos kyklos prwtoboyliwn gia to Kypriako kaqws th xwra mas qa episkefqei sta telh toy mhna kai o Genikos Grammateas toy NATO Xabie Solana. Episkech sthn Kypro qa pragmatopoihsei o koinotikos epitropos armodios gia tis ejwterikes sxeseis ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, Xans Ban Nten Mproyk stis 26-28 Febroyarioy.

    [04] SYNANTHSH K. SHMITH ME E. BENIZELO,K. LALIWTH KAI K. SKANDALIDH

    H enopoihsh twn arxaiologikwn xwrwn ths Aqhnas, kaqws kai h xwroqethsh toy Moyseioy Goylandrh, htan ta kyria qemata ta opoia apasxolhsan toys Ypoyrgoys PEXWDE kai Politismoy, k.k Kwsta Laliwth kai Eyaggelo Benizelo, kata th diarkeia synanthshs poy eixan me ton Prwqypoyrgo Kwsta Shmith sto Megaro Majimoy.

    Toso o k. Laliwths, oso kai o k. Benizelos katesthsan safes, se dhlwseis toys meta thn synanthsh, oti to programma enopoihshs twn arxaiologikwn xwrwn einai shmantiko kai einai ena apo ta megalytera programmata poy ektelei h kybernhsh. Epishs ypogrammisan oti me thn anadeijh toy programmatos aytoy, anadeiknyetai h taytothta kai h fysiognwmia ths polhs, enw anaptyssetai kai o toyristikos tomeas.

    H enopoihsh twn arxaiologikwn xwrwn,apotelei ena arxaiologiko, politismiko kai periballontiko parko peripoy 7.000 stremmatwn, oi ergasies toy opoioy diejagontai kai apo ta dyo Ypoyrgeia. Symfwna me apofash twn dyo Ypoyrgwn, prokeitai na energopoihqei mia anwnymh etaireia, enas endiamesos foreas me thn epwnymia "Enopoihsh twn Arxaiologikwn Xwrwn". Pantws ta dyo Ypoyrgeia qa diathrhsoyn thn eyqynh toys, kata to metro ths armodiothtas toys.

    Oson afora to Moyseio Goylandrh, o k.Benizelos dieykrinise oti anazhteitai enas allos xwros, mia allh lysh h opoia den qa dhmioyrgei problhmata xwrotajika, poleodomika kai arxaiologika.O Ypoyrgos Politismoy epanelabe thn gnwsth qesh oti to Lykeio ths Arxaias Polhs den mporei na synyparjei me to Moyseio Sygxronhs Texnhs.

    Ejalloy, synergasia me ton Prwqypoyrgo, eixe kai o Grammateas ths Kentrikhs Epitrophs toy PASOK, Kwstas Skandalidhs, opoy syzhthsan tis epomenes kinhseis toy kommatos.

    "Ypebala ston Proedro mia seira apo protaseis stis opoies einai kai to sxedio kinhtopoihshs kai symmetoxhs olwn twn stelexwn sthn poreia mas apo edw kai pera", anefere xarakthristika o k. Skandalidhs, ejerxomenos toy Megaroy Majimoy.

    [05] DIAKOSIA XRONIA META THN PRWTH THS EKDOSH H XARTA TOY RHGA FERAIOY TYPWQHKE KAI KYKLOFOREI JANA

    Diakosia xronia meta thn prwth ekdosh ths, sth Biennh to 1797, h Xarta ths Ellados toy Rhga Feraioy (Belestinlh) kykloforei typwmenh se pergamhnh diastasewn 0,74 epi 0,64 ekatosta, ws symbolh sthn Politistikh Prwteyoysa ths Eyrwphs Qessalonikh '97.

    Thn Xarta thn eixe filotexnhsei o Rhgas me th bohqeia toy Biennezoy xarakth Fransoya Myller se dwdeka fylla diastasewn 0,70 epi 0,50 ekatosta, ta opoia enwmena apoteloysan ena eniaio synolo. Shmera swzontai mono 15 antitypa ths ayqentikhs Xartas , ena apo ta opoia sth Dhmotikh Biblioqhkh Kozanhs, enw ta ypoloipa eixan katastrafei apo thn aystriakh astynomia thn hmera ths syllhchs toy Rhga Feraioy.

    "H spoydaiothta toy eqnikoy aytoy keimhlioy kai h wfeleia poy qa prokycei apo th meleth ths Xartas mas odhghse sthn apofash na thn anatypwsoyme gia na aptelesei jt^la kaqe Ellhna. H epanekdosh ayth den skopeyei sto kerdos alla sth epiqymia na katastei eyrytera gnwsto to eqniko mas keimhlio" epishmainei o Gewrgios Mhtragkas poy phre th prwtoboylia na epanekdosei thn Xarta.

    [06] AGWNIWDEIS PROSPAQEIES TWN ELLHNWN STH BARNA NA MAQOYN ELLHNIKA.-ETOIMAZONTAI NA GIORTASOYN GIA PRWTH FORA THN 25h MARTIOY

    Agwniwdeis prospaqeies gia na maqoyn ellhnika oi idioi kai ta paidia toys kataballoyn oi ellhnikhs katagwghs katoikoi ths Barnas sth Boylgarias. H agwnia toys gia epafh me thn Ellada ekfrazetai se epistolh toy kaqhghth ths Eqnikhs Enwshs Iatrikhs Biologias kai antiproedroy toy Ellhnoboylgarikoy Syllogoy Barnas, Ntimitri Kobatsef, apogonoy ths istorikhs oikogeneias toy Kwsta Barnalh, pros ton ypoyrgo Politismoy Eyaggelo Benizelo.

    Oi Ellhnes kai ellhnogeneis sthn Barna ths Boylgarias etoimazontai fetos gia ena lampro eortasmo ths eqnikhs epeteioy ths 25hs Martioy kai kanoyn ekklhsh sthn Ellhnikh Politeia na syneisferei wste ayth th giorth, poy qa pragmatopoihqei gia prwth fora sthn perioxh, na steftei me epityxia. "Prospaqoyme na feroyme edw mia orxhstra me xoreytiko omilo apo th Qessalonikh, alla ayto kostizei xrhmata. Qeloyme epishs na paroysiasoyme ebdomada Ellhnikoy Kinhmatografoy me 6-8 tainies. Epeidh omws fetos exoyme megalh krish, o kosmos qa hqele merikes eyxaristes tainies na jexasei ligo ta megala problhmata. Tainies egxrwmes, kwmwdies h kai mioyzikal, opws me thn Alikh Boygioyklakh kai alloys gnwstoys Ellhnes hqopoioys" anaferei o k Kobatsef sthn epistolh toy.

    [07] TO OIKOYMENIKO PATRIARXEIO STO DIKTYO INTERNET

    Leptomereis plhrofories se oti afora sth domh kai thn organwsh toy Oikoymenikoy Patriarxeioy alla kai thn ekklhsiastikh diarqrwsh ths ellhnorqodojhs diasporas perilambanei o kombos toy Patriarxeioy sto Internet poy arxise na leitoyrgei apo thn prohgoymenh ebdomada.

    Sth dieyqynsh http://www.EPnet.gr o xrhsths mporei na anazhthsei pinakoqhkh byzantinwn eikonwn, bibliografikh bash dedomenwn, eidhseografiko pinaka trexoysas epikairothtas k.a.

    [08] O ELLHNISMOS STON 21o AIWNA, TO QEMA SYNEDRIOY POY QA PRAGMATOPOIHQEI STH MELBOYRNH TON AYGOYSTO

    H eikona toy ellhnismoy se pagkosmio epipedo kai oi prooptikes poy diagrafontai sthn ejeliktikh poreia toy pro twn pylwn toy 21oy aiwna, apoteloyn to qema toy deyteroy Pagkosmioy Synedrioy poy diorganwnei sth Melboyrnh, apo 1 ews 3 Aygoystoy, h Etaireia Ellhnikwn Meletwn, se synergasia me th syntonistikh epitroph Ereynhtikwn Idrymatwn toy Ellhnismoy. To Synedrio telei ypo thn aigida twn Ypoyrgeiwn Ejwterikwn Elladas kai Kyproy.

    Sto synedrio qa symmetasxoyn diakekrimenoi epist^lomer apo olon ton kosmo, metajy twn opoiwn kaqhghtes apo ta panepisthmia Aqhnwn, Ojfordhs kai ths Sorbonnhs, alla kai apo to Brywneio Kentro. H diorganwsh perilambanei pro- synedriako programma sth Melboyrnh kai meta-synedriako sthn Adelaida kai to Sidnei, ypo th morfh seminariwn, dhmosiwn dialejewn kai hmeridwn panw se sygkekrimena qemata poy qa ejetastoyn kai qa analyqoyn.

    Skopos toy synedrioy, dhlwse h genikh syntonistria ths diorganwshs kai dieyqyntria ths Etaireias Ellhnikwn Meletwn, Dhmhtra Hgkan, "einai na symballei sth systhmatikh proseggish twn qematwn poy aforoyn ton apantaxoy ellhnismo, se mia periodo kata thn opoia to megeqos kai h polyplokothta twn problhmatwn kai h entash me thn opoia emfanizontai apaitoyn dhmioyrgiko problhmatismo kai drash. Enas deyteros stoxos einai na eyaisqhtopoihqei h deyterh kai trith genia aystralogennhmenwn Ellhnwn, alla kai h eyryterh aystralianh koinwnia gia qemata toy Ellhnismoy".

    To B' Pagkosmio Synedrio Ereynhtikwn Idrymatwn Ellhnismoy synexizei thn epityxh prospaqeia toy Kypriakoy Kentroy Meletwn, poy diorganwse to prwto sxetiko synedrio sth Megalonhso to 1995.


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [09] AIMATHRES SYGKROYSEIS STHN AYLWNA-DYO NEKROI KAI DEKADES TRAYMATIES

    Dyo nekroi kai panw apo 50 traymaties einai o apologismostwn shmerinwn sygkroysewn metajy astynomikwn dynamewn kai diadhlwtwn sthn polh ths Aylwnas. Xiliades Albanoi bghkan kai shmera stoys dromoys, zhtwntas apo thn kybernhsh na toys epistrafoyn ta xrhmata poy exasan stis paratrapezes.

    Isxyres astynomikes kai stratiwtikes dynameis prospaqhsan na dialysoyn xiliades Albanoys poy eixan sygkentrwqei ejw apo to astynomiko tmhma ths Aylwnas. Ekanan xrhsh dakrygonwn kai pragmatikwn pyrwn me apotelesma na traymatisoyn qanasima enan diadhlwth. Enas deyteros peqane, afoy ypesth kardiakh prosbolh.

    Ypenqymizetai oti allos enas Albanos diadhlwths eixe ypostei xqes kardiako epeisodia kai telika ypekyce.

    To amerikaniko thleoptiko diktyo CNN metadidei oti 26 atoma-astynomikoi kai diadhlwtes- paremeinan se nosokomeio, enw alla 50 epestrecan sta spitia toys, afoy toys parasxeqhkan prwtes bohqeies.

    H kratikh thleorash metedwse oti 8 traymaties astynomikoi metaferqhkan sthn prwteyoysa Tirana gia noshleia.

    [10] EPIQESH DEXQHKE PLOIO ME KYPRIAKH SHMAIA APO ELIKOPTERA THS SRI LANKA

    Epiqesh dexqhke shmera to prwi to ploio "Carribean Gueen" apo elikoptera ths polemikhs aeroporias ths Sri Lanka. To ypo kypriakh shmaia ploio, symfwna me plhrofories toy tmhmatos Emporikhs Naytilias ths Kyproy, ktyphqhke kata laqos, apo ta elikoptera, se mia prospaqeia na to syllaboyn, meta apo plhrofories oti let]veqe paranomo oplismo kai pyromaxika.

    Opws metadidoyn jena eidhseografika praktoreia eidhsewn, sto ploio epebainan antartes ths organwshs "Tamil", oi opoioi prospaqhsan na diafygoyn me mikro skafos, to opoio xtyphqhke apo ploia toy polemikoy naytikoy kai anatinaxqhke. Pantws den dieykrinisthke posa atoma epebainan se ayto.

    Symfwna me dhlwseis twn armodiwn toy tmhmatos Emporikhs Naytilias apo to atyxhma den exoyn shmeiwqei traymatismoi sto plhrwma toy ploioy, poy apoteleitai apo Koybanoys.

    Meta apo ereynes diapistwqhke oti to ploio den metefere pyromaxika kai paranomo oplismo. To ploio, to opoio anhkei sthn etaireia "Poseidon", rymoylkhqhke kai anamenetai na parameinei sto limani toy Tringkomali gia epidiorqwseis.

    [11] EKLOGIKES PROETOIMASIES STH BOYLGARIA-OI PRWTES EKTIMHSEIS DINOYN PROBADISMA STHN EDD

    Sth Boylgaria, opoy h oikonomikh kai politikh krish megalwnei, oi politikes dynameis ths xwras proetoimazontai gia tis prowres boyleytikes ekloges, oi opoies orisqhkan na pragmatopoihqoyn sta mesa toy Aprilioy.

    O xronos proetoimasias gi'aytes tis prowres ekloges, poy proklhqhkan meta apo diadhlwseis, katalhceis dromwn, apergies kai alles entones ekdhlwseis diamartyrias se olh th xwra epi 30 hmeres, einai poly ligos. Gia ton logo ayto oi kybernwntes sosialistes kai h kentrodejia antipoliteysh, arxizoyn diaboyleyseis kai proetoimazoyn thn proeklogikh toys taktikh prokeimenoy na kerdisoyn o,ti mporoyn sto diasthma ayto.

    O kentrodejios synaspismos ths antipoliteyshs (Enwsh Dhmokratikwn Dynamewn), o opoios jekinhse kai prwtostathse ton perasmeno mhna stis kinhtopoihseis poy sygklonisan th Boylgaria, fainetai, opws ektimoyn politikoi analytes sth Sofia, na sygkentrwnei tis perissoteres piqanothtes na kerdisei syntripitikh pleiochfia sthn epomenh boylh. Prosfates malista dhmoskophseis ton feroyn na kerdizei akoma kai to 2/3 twn boyleytikwn edrwn. To apotelesma omws ayto, opws shmeiwse se sxolio toy o kratikos radiofwnikos staqmos ths Sofias, mporei na epiteyxqei mono efoson h Enwsh Dhmokratikwn Dynamewn syspeirwsei kai organwsei tis dynameis ths opws akribws ekane kai kata tis proedrikes ekloges, stis arxes Noembrioy, opoy yperchfisthke o ypochfios ths Petar Stogianwf me pososto 60% enanti 40% toy antipaloy toy. H nikh ayth allwste htan kai to enaysma ths epimonhs ths antipoliteyshs na zhta thn paraithsh ths sosialistikhs kybernhshs toy Bintenwf kai th diejagwgh prowrwn eklogwn.

    Ejalloy h proskeimenh sthn EDD, Laikh Enwsh, me kentrwo prosanatolismo, exei ekdhlwsei thn epiqymia ths gia eniaia eklogikh lista kaqws einai abebaio oti qa mporei na sygkentrwsei apo monh ths to plafon toy 4% poy apaiteitai gia thn eisodo sth boylh. Apo ta kommata poy apoteloyn thn enwmenh antipoliteysh, bebaio gia thn eisodo toy sth boylh qewreitai to Komma twn moysoylmanwn tou Axmet Ntogkan.

    Oson afora to kybernwn Boylgariko Sosialistiko Komma antimetwpizei ojytata problhmata. H apotyxia sth diakybernhsh ths xwras, alla kai h adynamia toy 38xronoy prwqypoyrgoy Zan Bintenwf na periorisei thn epidrash ths palias froyras, h yparjh pollwn kai diaforetikwn reymatwn sto komma ojynoyn thn entash stoys kolpoys toy kai den apokleietai, opws ektimatai, na epelqei h diaspash toy prin h kai meta tis ekloges. Parallhla oi eswkommatikes erides, h emmonh toy Bintenwf gia diagrafh toy Nikolai Ntompref apo to komma epiteinoyn thn entash. Hdh, opws sxoliase to kratiko radiofwno ths Sofias, arxise h diarroh stelexwn ths "palias froyras" toy kommatos, se merika kommoynistika kommata enw oi eksygxronistes sosialistes proetoimazontai na systhsoyn ena neo kentroaeristero sxhmatismo poy qa proskeitai sthn eyrwaristera. Oi poikiles taseis ths aristeras qa ekfrastoyn se ena foroym ths eyrwaristeras, h idrysh toy opoioy anamenetai na anaggelqei peri ta telh toy Febroyarioy.

    Wstoso, oi analytes ektimoyn oti h aristera stis ekloges toy Aprilioy qa sygkentrwsei ta xamhlotera pososta sthn istoria ths. Anamenetai oti qa kymanqoyn metajy 15 kai 20%, pososto dhladh poy qa labei apo toys paradosiakoys chfoforoys ths aristeras ths triths hlikias. Oi probleceis gia thn eisodo sth boylh toy foroym ths eyrwaristeras einai dyskoles kaqws o xronos poy exei mprosta toy mexri th diejagwgh twn eklogwn einai poly ligos.

    Apaisiodojos gia tis ejelijeis poy dromologoyntai sth Boylgaria emfanisthke o arxhgos toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos, Gkeorgki Parbanwf, o opoios se synenteyjh toy se boylgarikh efhmerida dieblece oti "gia poly kairo akomh sth Boylgaria qa diejagontai ekloges kaqe dyo xronia".

    [12] STO 43,8% O PLHQWRISMOS TON IANOYARIO TOY 1997 STH BOYLGARIA

    Sto 43,8 % eftase o plhqwrismos sth Boylgaria ton Ianoyario toy 1997, se sxesh me ton plhqwrismo toy Dekembrioy toy 1996, symfwna me ta epishma stoixeia ths Boylgarikhs Statistikhs Yphresias.

    Analytika, ton Ianoyario oi times twn trofimwn shmeiwsan ayjhsh kata 46,4%, twn ypoloipwn proiontwn kata 45 %, enw oi yphresies htan kata 33,7% akriboteres.

    H timh toy asproy cwmioy ayjhqhke kata 41,3%, toy ryzioy kata 47,7%, toy xoirinoy kreatos kata 57%, ths zaxarhs kata 53,6% klp.

    Shmantikh ayjhsh, kata 67,4% shmeiwqhke kai stis times twn oikodomikwn ylikwn, enw ta enoikia ayjhqhkan kata 53,1%, ta timologia toy hlektrikoy reymatos kata 43%, twn ygrwn kaysimwn gia qermansh kata 38 % ka.

    Oi times twn kainoyriwn aytokinhtwn ayjhqhkan kata 52%, ths benzinhs kata 29,2%, twn kaysimwn ntizel kata 43,1%, enw akribotera kata 32,2% einai pleon ta farmaka kai ta iatrika ylika.

    Thn idia wra, symfwna me stoixeia toy Institoytoy Joimymij~m kai Syndikalistikwn Ereynwn, h ayjhsh twn timwn twn trofimwn sth Boylgaria apo to telos toy Dekembrioy toy 1996 ews tis 5 Febroyarioy toy 1997 anhlqe sto 242%.

    To stoixeio ayto proekyce apo ereyna toy Institoytoy poy egine se 10 megales poleis ths Boylgarias, symperilambanomenhs ths Sofias. Oi pio akriboteres poleis ths Boylgarias kata thn periodo 29 Ianoyarioy- 5 Febroyarioy toy 1997, opote pragmatopoihqhke kai h ereyna, htan to Mpoyrgkas kai h Pleben.

    Opws prokyptei apo ta stoixeia ths Boylgarikhs Statistikhs Yphresias, o idiwtikos tomeas ths Boylgarias katexei hdh to 76% twn pwlhsewn sto emporiko diktyo ths xwras.

    [13] IAPWNIKH BOHQEIA YCOYS 180.000 DOLARIWN GIA TH BOYLGARIA

    H iapwnikh kybernhsh apofasise na xorhghsei sth Boylgaria anqrwpistikh bohqeia ycoys 180.000 dolariwn gia thn sthrijh twn oikonomika asqenesterwn strwmatwn.

    To basiko meros ths bohqeias, poy qa paradoqei sto Boylgariko Eryqro Stayro, proorizetai gia thn agora paidikwn trofimwn, kaqws kai gia thn promhqeia me trofima twn sxoleiwn.

    [14] TOYRKOKYPRIOI AGORAZAN STO LONDINO KYPRIAKA DIABATHRIA

    Diabathria ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias feretai na xrhsimopoioyn sta tajidia toys sto ejwteriko koryfaioi Toyrkokyprioi politikoi kai epixeirhmaties opws grafei h efhmerida Batan h opoia kanei logo gia politiko skandalo.

    Symfwna me thn efhmerida sthn ypoqesh enexontai dyo dikhgoroi, enas Ellhnokyprios kai enas Toyrkokyprios poy zoyn sto Londino oi opoioi ejasfalizan ta diabathria stoys Toyrkokyprioys enanti sobaroy antitimoy.

    H efhmerida anaferei oti to qema apasxolei sobara politikoys kai stratiwtikoys kykloys ths Toyrkias se shmeio poy na ejetazetai to endexomeno na pragmatopoihqei koinoboyleytikh ereyna gia toys katoxoys paromoiwn diabathriwn.

    Anamesa sta erwthmata poy qetei h efhmerida pros dialeykansh einai to kata poso h katoxh kypriakoy diabathrioy apotelei poiniko adikhma sthn "TDBK".

    Parallhla tiqentai ta erwthmata gia ta akribh stoixeia taytothtas twn feromenwn ws katoxwn paromoiwn diabathriwn kai gia to pote qa arxisei ereyna gai to qema enw ypainissetai oti oi dyo dikhgoroi toy Londinoy eixan synergates sta katexomena.


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Nikoy Xatzh)

    [15] “POLEMOS” PETRELAIKWN SYMFERONTWN STHN KASPIA

    Para to gegonos oti o kindynos anaflejhs mias polemikhs sygkroyshs sthn perioxh ths Kaspias, qewreitai apomakrysmenos, oi entones diafwnies gia tis piqanes diadromes toy mayroy xrysoy pros tis agores ths Dyshs, akk\ kai ta terastia oikonomika posa poy “paizontai,” dhmioyrgoyn ena ekrhktiko pazl symferontwn gia tis emplekomenes pleyres.

    Wstoso, oi maxes sth “diplwmatikh arena” ths perioxhs exei jekinhsei, kaqws h Rwsia apaitei oso to dynato megalytero elegxo sth diakinhsh toy petrelaioy ths Kaspias, alla kai megalh symmetoxh sta kerdh. Apo thn allh pleyra, oi dytikes petrelaikes etairies emfanizontai apofasismenes na yperaspisoyn ta symferonta toys, kaqws epiqymoyn kerdh apo tis ependyseis toys sthn perioxh ths Kaspias (poy stis perissoteres periptwseis exoyn -hdh- energopoihsei).

    Parallhla, to kaqestws kyriothtas twn petrelaikwn koitasmatwn -metajy toy Azermpaizan kai twn geitonikwn xwrwn- paramenei nefelwdes. Kanenas shmera, de mporei na problecei me epityxia thn telikh ekbash ths katastashs, enw ginetai fanero oti kaqe “epiplokh” poy paroysiazetai leitoyrgei arnhtika ws pros thn syntomeysh toy telikoy xronoy rohs toy petrelaioy pros tis dytikes agores. O rolos ths Mosxas

    Epixeirwntas mia sygkrish metajy twn eswterikwn metarryqmisewn sth Rwsia kai ths askoymenhs ejwterikhs politikhs apo to Kremlino, oi pio tolmhroi diplwmatikoi analytes sth Dysh, diapistwnoyn mia jekaqarh tash fileleyqeropoihshs sto eswteriko epipedo.

    Oi diapistwseis toys omws, den einai to idio aisiodojes gia thn askoymenh ejwterikh politikh. Sto shmeio ayto epishmainoyn oti h Mosxa (kaqws gia aiwnes apoteloyse thn prwteyoysa mias aytokratorias - sthn arxh gia thn tsarikh Rwsia- kai argotera gia thn kommoynistikh diakybernhsh ths ESSD) den exei akomh syneidhtopoihsei thn “dialysh” ths sobietikhs pantokratoreias sthn perifereia ths istorikhs rwsikhs epirrohs, alla kai thn plhrh apenergopoihsh toy Symfwnoy ths Barsobias. Opws einai gnwsto, h Rwsia antitiqetai sta sxedia epektashs toy NATO pros tis xwres toy prwhn anatolikoy mlok, enw parallhla prospaqei me kaqe tropo na diamorfwsei to paradosiako ths status quo sthn gewgrafikh perifereia ths Kaspias.

    Shmera omws, h legomenh “diplwmatia toy mayroy xrysoy” apotelei ton moxlo ylopoihshs olwn twn protwboyliwn. Ajizei na shmeiwqei oti oi Rwsoi ejakoloyqoyn na diakinoyn megales posothtes petrelaioy -para to gegonos- oti h petrelaikh toys paragwgh epese sto miso tis teleytaies dekaeties. Symfwna me ta dieqnh energeiaka stantars ejakoloyqoyn na katexoyn thn trith qesh sthn pagkosmia paragwgh petrelaioy.

    Sto metajy, dyo prwhn sobietikes dhmokraties to Azermpaizan kai to Kazakstan exoyn apofasisei na ajiopoihsoyn plhrws tis megales posothtes petrelaikwn koitasmatwn poy diaqetoyn. O diplwmatikos stoxos toys epikentrwnetai sthn proselkysh jenwn kefalaiwn poy qa epitaxynoyn thn poreia twn idiwtikopoihsewn kai twn oikonomikwn metarryqmisewn me apotelesma thn oysiastikh anejarthsia apo to arma twn poltikwn epilogwn ths Mosxas. Apo thn allh pleyra h epidiwjh ths rwsikhs diplwmatias na diasfalisei osa perissotera ofelh mporei apo ta petrelaia ths Kaspias, dra perioristika ws pros to parapanw stoxo tym dyo prwhn sobietikwn dhmokratiwn kai taytoxrona enisxyei thn rwsikh oikonomikh paroysia sthn perioxh.

    Me dedomeno oti toso to Azempaizan oso kai to Kazakstan, exoyn shmeiwsei shmantikes epityxies sto epipedo ths eisrohs jenwn kefalaiwn sto eswteriko toys, einai profanes oti to Kremlino (gia toys logoys poy anaferqhkan parapanw) den epiqymei thn isxyrh oikonomikh paroysia toy dytikoy kefalaioy sthn parakties perioxes ths Kaspias. To paraskhnio twn symferontwn

    Oi megales posothtes petrelaioy sthn anaferomenh perioxh, dhmioyrgoyn enan energeiako antagwnismo (me dieqnh xarakthristika) ston opoio symmetexoyn oi HPA, h Eyrwph, alla kai h Iapwnia poy aisiodojoyn oti qa “metriasoyn” tis rwsikes antidraseis wste na karpwqoyn kerdh apo tis ependyseis twn petrelaikwn etairiwn toys. Anamesa sta symferonta twn megalwn, “paizoyn” kai mikres xwres opws to Azermapaizan (poy proanaferqhke), alla kai h Tsetsenia, h Armenia, h Gewrgia kai h Toyrkia, poy diekdikoyn to perasma toy mayroy xrysoy -mesw agwgwn- apo to edafos toys. Einai xarakthristiko oti oles oi xwres poy emplekontai h qa emplakoyn sthn metafora toy petrelaioy, exoyn ws koino shmeio thn epidiwjh gia oikonomika ofelh, xwris na exei jekaqaristei to idiokthsiako kaqestws twn petrelaiwn, alla kai o (tropos-diadromh) metaforas toys stis dytikes agores.

    To paraskhnio twn petrelaikwn symferontwn arxise na sthnetai to 1994, otan to Azermpaizan ypegrace thn prwth megalh symfwnia (ycoys 7,5 dis. Dolariwn) me koinoprajia dieqnwn etairwn petrelaioy. H Mosxa poy eixe prospaqhsei na ephreasei tis apofaseis ths kybernhshs sto Mpakoy, antedrase amfisbhtwntas to dikaiwma toy Azermpaizan na ypogracei thn symfwnia qetontas qema gia to nomiko kaqestws ths Kaspias. Oi problhmatismoi gia ta isxyonta (nomikws) sthn Kaspia synthroyn mia entash kai thn periodo poy dianyoyme, xwris na exei breqei lysh poy qa ikanopoioyse tis emplekomenes pleyres.

    H Rwsia poy yposthrizetai apo to Iran kai to Toyrkmenistan epidiwkei to “moirasma” twn koitasmatwn petrelaioy poy briskontai sthn Kaspia, wste na exei apofasistiko logo stis mellontikes energeiakes ejelijeis. Apo thn allh meria, to Azermpaizan poy yposthrizetai apo to Kazakstan yposthrizei ton diaxwrismo ths qalassias epifaneias ths Kaspias, endexomeno poy qa dwsei sto Mpakoy ton titlo thspetrelaikhs prwteyoysas sthn perioxh. Sto metajy, oi rwsikes petrelaikes etairies briskontai se katastash synagermoy prokeimenoy na kerdisoyn osa perissotera mporoyn apo thn energeiakh pita. Epikefalhs ths prospaqeias h etairia LUK oil, poy symmetexei se koinoprajia etairiwn toy Azermpaizan kai exei -hdh- epekteinei to plano twn epixeirhmatikwn drasthriothtwn ths stis parakties perioxes ths Kaspias.

    Me to oysiastiko qema toy nomikoy kaqestwtos ths Kaspias na aiwreitai oles oi emplekomenes pleyres exoyn strecei thn prosoxh toys sto deytero basiko zhthma poy estiazetai stis diodoys metaforas toy petrelaioy pros th Mesogeio kai tis agores ths Dyshs.

    Oi diaforopoihseis sto qema ths epiloghs toy telikoy dromologioy metaforas toy mayroy xrysoy, jekinhsan epishs to 1994. Sto edafos toy Azermpaizan brisketai o rwsikos agwgos poy eixe sxediastei gia th metafora toy petrelaioy sthn eyrwpaikh Rwsia kai oxi sth Dysh. O monadikos ejagwgikos agwgos poy odhgei ejw apo to Mpakoy brisketai sta boreia, ejw apo to Azarmpaizan dierxetai apo ton (ypo rwsiko elegxo) boreio Kaykaso kai katalhgei sto Noborosisk ths Mayrhs Qalassas. Wstoso, h katastash dyskoleyei kaqws tmhma aytoy toy agwgoy dierxetai apo thn Tsetsenia, opoy kai jespase o prosfatos antartopolemos metajy twn omospondiakwn rwsikwn strateymatwn kai omadwn antartwn (amesws meta thn ypografh ths petrelaikhs symfwnias toy Azermpaizan ton Septembrio toy 1994).

    Oi sygkroyseis metajy twn rwsikwn strateymatwn kai antartwn eginan aitia proklhshs sobarwn zhmiwn ston basiko kormo toy agwgoy Mpakoy-Krozni-Noborosisk, kaqws paranomes omades epidojwn diylistwn prospaqoysan na paragoyn benzinh xamhlhs periektikothtas. Ajizei na shmeiwqei oti polloi apo toys fanatismenoys arxhgoys twn antartikwn omadwn exoyn orkistei na mhn afhsoyn to petrelaio na perasei apo thn Tsetsenia -para mono otan- h Mosxa ikanopoihsei plhrws ta aithmata toys gia anejarthsia kai xorhghsh oikonomikhs bohqeias. Para to gegonos oti epishma oi sygkroyseis termatisthkan ton perasmeno Septembrio, to Gkrozni zhta shmantika xrhmatika posa ws antallagma gia thn gia thn asfalh diakinhsh toy mayroy xrysoy.

    Mprosta sthn katastash poy exei diamorfwqei h petrelaikh etairia toy Azermpaizan den eixe allh epilogh apo to na dioxeteysei tis prwtes posothtes toy petrelaioy ths mesw toy parapanw agwgoy. H anaferomenh etairia exei ypogracei symbolaio gia th metafora toy petrelaioy ths, me th rwsikh etairia Transneft, poy problepei thn enarjh ths antlhshs petrelaioy sta telh toy kalokairioy toy '97. Omws h diekdikhsh ychloy metaforikoy komistroy apo thn Tsetsenia fainetai na kaqysterei thn ylopoihsh ths symfwnias, kaqws to kostos metaforas ayjanetai katakoryfa.

    Antimetwpizontas to problhma, to Azermpaizan den emfanizetai arnhtiko sto endexomeno metaforas toy petrelaioy mesw rwsikoy edafoys prospaqwntas -parallhla- na brei oso to dynato perissoteroys diejodoys pros th Mesogeio kai tis agores ths Dyshs. Sto shmeio ayto, mpainei sto paixnidi h Agkyra. H dhmosia etairia petrelaiwn ths Toyrkias, proteine th xrhsimopoihsh toy agwgoy poy dierxetai apo th Gewrgia, o opoios mporei na epektaqei -mesw ths notioanatolikhs Toyrkias- sto petrelaiko terminal toy Tseixan (apenanti apo thn Kypro), shmeio katalhjhs toy petrelaikoy agwgoy poy enwnei thn to Irak me thn Toyrkia.

    H kybernhsh Ermpakan yposthrizei oti h protash ths exei to pleonekthma ths ameshs metaforas toy petrelaioy sth Mesogeio (parakamptontas th metafora me tankers mesw twn polysyxnastwn stenwn toy Bosporoy). Sto shmeio ayto h rwsikh protash emfanizetai perissotero antagwnistikh, kaqws parakamptei ta stena toy Bosporoy me th xrhsh tankers kata mhkos ths Mayrhs Qalassas me kateyqynsh to Lpouqcj\r (Boylgaria) kai apo ekei to petrelaio mesw agwgoy qa metaferetai sthn Alejandroypolh me ejodo sto Aigaio. (H protash ths Mosxas sygkentrwnei sygkritika pleonekthmata kaqws kateyqynei ton mayro xryso sthn eyryterh balkanikh perioxh, opoy oi prospaqeies anasygkroththshs twn ntopiwn oikonomiwn dhmioyrgoyn tis kalyteres proypoqeseis gia thn aporrofhsh kai ajiopoihsh toy mayroy xrysoy). Oi prwtoboylies ths Dyshs

    Egkyroi dieqneis diplwmatikoi kykloi ektimoyn oti de qa'nai kaqoloy eykolo gia th Dysh na antimetwpisei epityxws thn “diplwmatia toy petrelaioy” poy h Mosxa anaptyssei sthn perioxh ths Kaspias. Toso sth Rwsia, oso sto Azermpaizan kai sto Kazakstan yparxei h bebaiothta toy diakaiwmatos diaxeirhshs twn koitasmatwn petrelaioy poy briskontai katw apo to byqo ths Kaspias. Apo thn allh meria, oi dytikes etairies emfanizontai epishs apofasimenes na kerdisoyn apo tis ependyseis poy pragmatopoihsan. Parallhla, oi dieqneis anagkes se petrelaio diarkws ayjanontai, enw h Kaspia mporei na dwsei posothtes ises me aytes toy Persikoy Kolpoy.

    Sta energeiaka qemata ths parapanw perioxhs, ektimatai oti h Dysh qa prepei na qesei tis baseis gia enan sobaro kai isozygismeno dialogo me th Mosxa, exontas ypoch ths, oti oi prwhn Sobietikes dhmokraties synqetoyn mia eyaisqhth perioxh gia ta endiaferonta twn Rwswn. Prepei epishs na tonistei oti oi problhmatismoi twn analytwn ths Dyshs estiazontai sthn antimetwpish endexomenhs “sklhrhs” antidrashs ths Mosxas -poy en'ocei kai ths epektashs toy NATO pros thn kentroanatolikh Eyrwph- qa mporoyse na prokalesei apostaqeropoihsh etreias klimakas.


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