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Macedonian Press Agency: News in Greek, 96-12-06

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO EIDHSEWN TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY

Qessalonikh 6 Dekembrioy 1996


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] DIABALKANIKO SYNEDRIO : "EL. BENIZELOS - AL. PAPANASTASIOY 60 XRONIA META: H IDEA THS DIABALKANIKHS SYNERGASIAS"


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] OJYTATH ANTIPARAQESH STH BOYLH GIA TIS AGROTIKES KINHTOPOIHSEIS

  • [02] KYBERNHTIKH SYSKECH GIA TIS AGROTIKES KINHTOPOIHSEIS

  • [03] ANAXAITISTHKAN DYO TOYRKIKA MAXHTIKA POY PARABIASAN TA ELLHNIKA XWRIKA YDATA

  • [04] D.REPPAS: DEN YPARXEI QEMA MORATORIOYM GIA TIS PTHSEIS ELLHNIKWN AEROSKAFWN PANW APO THN KYPRO

  • [05] EPANALAMBANONTAI STIS 17 DEKEMBRIOY OI ELLHNOSKOPIANES SYNOMILIES

  • [06] PTWSH PAROYSIASE O PLHQWRISMOS TO NOEMBRIO

  • [07] TIS PLHGEISES APO TH QEOMHNIA PERIOXES THS JANQHS EPISKEPTETAI AYRIO O PROEDROS THS DHMOKRATIAS

  • [08] SE EPIKINDYNO SHMEIO H STAQMH TOY EBROY - TA NERA KALYCAN TIS SIDHRODROMIKES GRAMMES STO PYQIO

  • [09] EPANASTATIKH MEQODO WRIMANSHS SPERMATOKYTTARWN STO ERGASTHRIO DINEI LYSH SE ANDRES POY ZOYN ME TO ONEIRO APOKTHSHS ENOS PAIDIOY

  • [10] TO NEO NOMOSXEDIO GIA TO MISQOLOGIO TWN DHMOSIWN YPALLHLWN QA PAROYSIASEI TO MESHMERI O N.XRISTODOYLAKHS

  • [11] MEION 60% TO KOMISTRO TOY TRENOY PROS SERBIA, GIA TIS EMPOREYMATIKES METAFORES-NEA SYMFWNIA ELLADAS-SKOPIWN


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [12] PARAITHQHKE O YPOYRGOS PLHROFORIWN THS SERBIAS

  • [13] APERGIAKES KINHTOPOIHSEIS PROETOIMAZOYN OI SYNDIKALISTIKES ORGANWSEIS THS ALBANIAS

  • [14] H KATARGHSH THS POINHS TOY QANATOY SE OLA TA KRATH-MELH TOY SYMBOYLIOY THS EYRWPHS EPANABEBAIWQHKE SE SYNEDRIO THS KOINOBOYLEYTIKHS SYNELEYSHS TOY ORGANISMOY

  • [15] ENERGO ROLO STHN EIRHNEYTIKH DIADIKASIA STH MESH ANATOLH QA PAIJEI H NEA YPOYRGOS EJWTERIKWN TWN HPA M.OLMPRAIT

  • [16] SXEDIO ANAQEWRHSHS THS SYNQHKHS TOY MAASTRIXT QA SYZHTHSOYN STIS BRYJELLES OI YPOYRGOI EJWTERIKWN TWN "15"


  • [G] DIABALKANIKO SYNEDRIO : "EL. BENIZELOS - AL. PAPANASTASIOY 60 XRONIA META: H IDEA THS DIABALKANIKHS SYNERGASIAS"

  • [17] GHPEDO EIRHNHS KAI FILIAS GIA TOYS BALKANIKOYS LAOYS H SYNERGASIA TWN KRATWN THS XERSONHSOY TOY AIMOY

  • [18] H BALKANIKH STAYRODROMI POLITISMWN KAI QRHSKEIWN- PRWTARXIKO MELHMA H DIAFYLAJH THS EIRHNHS

  • [19] H SHMASIA THS BALKANIKHS GIA THN EYRWPH

  • [20] ENTONOS PROBLHMATISMOS STO SYMPOSIO TOY MPE GIA OSA XWRIZOYN KAI ENWNOYN TA BALKANIA

  • [21] DIESXISA TH GEFYRA THS FILIAS DHLWNEI STO SYMPOSIO H AN. G.D. TOY TOYRKIKOY PRAKTOREIOY EIDHSEWN ANATOLH

  • [22] BALKANIKO ELSINKI PROTEINEI ALBANOS PANEPISTHMIAKOS

  • [23] ST.PERRAKHS: H MEGALH PROKLHSH STO TELOS TOY AIWNA EINAI H STAQEROTHTA KAI H SYNERGASIA STIS XWRES THS N.A EYRWPHS KAI THS BALKANIKHS

  • [24] K. SBOLOPOYLOS: H IDEA THS DIABALKANIKHS SYNERGASIAS OPLISE DRASTIKES PRWTOBOYLIES TOYS DYO TELEYTAIOYS AIWNES

  • [25] OI ELLHNES DEN QA EPREPE NA XREIAZONTAI BIZA GIA NA MPOYN STH ROYMANIA DHLWNEI O AKADHMAIKOS, N.TANASOKA


  • OI EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] OJYTATH ANTIPARAQESH STH BOYLH GIA TIS AGROTIKES KINHTOPOIHSEIS

    Ojytath antiparaqesh metajy toy Prwqypoyrgoy kai twn arxhgwn twn kommatwn ths antipoliteyshs shmeiwqhke sth Boylh kata thn "wra toy Prwqypoyrgoy" opoy syzhthqhkan tesseris epikaires erwthseis gia to qema twn agrotikwn kinhtopoihsewn.

    O k.Shmiths ekane logo gia mikrh syntexniakh omada agrotwn poy dra me ekbiastiko tropo se baros olwn twn allwn omadwn toy plhqysmoy kai qetei se kindyno thn ergasia twn ypoloipwn ergazomenwn. Epanelabe oti qa thrhqei sto akeraio h oikonomikh politikh ths kybernhshs kai oti den einai dynaton na ypoxwrhsei h kybernhsh sta aithmata twn agrotwn poy tyxon ikanopoihsh toys qa kostize opws eipe ena trisekatommyrio draxmes.

    O Prwqypoyrgos tonise oti ejantlhqhkan ola ta periqwria dialogoy, anefere oti den einai diateqeimenos na diakindyneysei to mellon ths Elladas mesa sto plaisio ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai kalese ta kommata ths antipoliteyshs na analaboyn tis eyqynes toys.

    O Miltiadhs Ebert kathgorhse ton Prwqypoyrgo oti eipe proeklogika cemata ston ellhniko lao, oti antimetwpizei toys agrotes me perifronhsh kai alazoneia kai oti epixeirei na strecei mia koinwnikh omada enantion twn allwn.

    H Genikh Grammateas toy KKE Aleka Paparhga kathgorhse ton k.Shmith oti sebetai th dhmokratia twn xortatwn kai xtypaei th dhmokratia twn ftwxwn afoy prohgoymenws anaferqhke se xaristikes opws eipe prajeis poy perasan me nomosxedio kai ryqmizoyn ofeiles twn PAE kai toy Latsh. Katalhgontas h k.Paparhga eipe oti o dixasmos kai h tromokratia poy epixeirei h kybernhsh den qa peq\soum.

    O proedros toy Synaspismoy Nikos Kwnstantopoylos shmeiwse oti h politikh ths kybernhshs apodeiknyetai katwterh twn peristasewn kai ypogrammise oti h polypleyrh koinwnikh krish den antimetwpizetai me kybernhtika telesigrafa kai aytarxismo.

    Apo thn pleyra toy o proedros toy DHKKI Dhmhtrhs Tsobolas ekane logw gia analghth kai tajikh politikh kai gia sklhrh synthrhtikh kybernhsh poy ektelei entoles allwn kai ejyphretei toys oligoys se baros twn pollwn. Tonise xarakthristika oti h Boylh kai o laos den einai synedrio toy PASOK gia na tromokratoyntai.

    O Prwqypoyrgos sth deyterologia toy epishmane oti den yphrje apo thn pleyra ths kybernhshs arnhsh gia dialogo alla oti h katalhch me odofragmata einai ekbiasmos kai h kybernhsh den ypokeitai se ekbiasmoys. Apantwntas idiaitera sthn epishmansh ths k.Paparhga gia dhmokratia twn xortatwn eipe oti oi xortatoi proerxontai apo tis syntexniakes koinwnies kai ekei poy den yparxoyn koinoi kanones.

    Kleinontas thn topoqethsh toy o k.Shmiths ypogrammise oti stoxos ths kybernhshs toy einai h Ellada na einai antagwnistikh, dynath kai na sthrizei ta eqnika ths dikaia.

    [02] KYBERNHTIKH SYSKECH GIA TIS AGROTIKES KINHTOPOIHSEIS

    Syskech gia tis agrotikes kinhtopoihseis pragmatopoihqhke to meshmeri sto Megaro Majimoy ypo ton prwqypoyrgo Kwsta Shmith. Sth syskech meteixan oi ypoyrgoi Eqnikhs Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn, Giannos Papantwnioy, Eswterikwn, Alekos Papadopoylos kai Anaptyjhs, Basw Papandreoy kaqws kai o yfypoyrgos para tw prwqypoyrgw Giwrgos Pasxalidhs kai o Grammateas ths Kentrikhs Epitrophs toy PASOK Kwstas Skandalidhs. Se dhlwsh toy meta th syskech o k. Skandalidhs eipe oti h katastash paramenei h idia. O kybernhtikos ekproswpos

    "H katastash den einai kaqoloy eyxaristh kai kaqe mera poy perna to problhma diogkwnetai" dhlwse shmera o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Dhmhtrhs Reppas, anaforika me tis agrotikes kinhtopoihseis.

    O Ypoyrgos Typoy shmeiwse oti to mhnyma toy prwqypoyrgoy htan safestato kai prosqese oti "einai wra eyqynhs gia oloys mas". Se erwthsh an to ypoyrgeio Dhmosias Tajhs exei ekponhsei sxedia katastolhs wste na anoijoyn oi dromoi, o kybernhtikos ekproswpos apanthse oti politikh ths kybernhshs einai na antimetwpisei to problhma politika, me dialogo kai kalh diaqesh.

    [03] ANAXAITISTHKAN DYO TOYRKIKA MAXHTIKA POY PARABIASAN TA ELLHNIKA XWRIKA YDATA

    Dyo toyrkika maxhtika aeroskafh poy metexoyn sthn toyrkikh askhsh "Qalassia ayra", parabiasan shmera ta ellhnika xwrika ydata entos ths zwnhs twn 6 miliwn konta stis braxonhsides Petrokarabo kai Kalogeroi. Petajan anatolika ths Skyroy xwris na kataqesoyn sxedio pthshs kai anaxaitisthkan apo ellhnika maxhtika.

    Se katastash etoimothtas exoyn teqei oi dynameis toy naytikoy kai ths aeroporias sthn perioxh metajy Skyroy, Patmoy, Androy kai Ikarias kaqws h Toyrkia prospaqei na desmeysei gia tis askhseis ths, ektos twn dieqnwn ydatwn, kai perioxes katw apo ta 6 milia poy einai to orio twn ellhnikwn xwrikwn ydatwn.

    H kinhsh ayth prokalese thn entonh antidrash ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs kaqws to ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn kai Amynas aperrice kathgorhmatika to toyrkiko aithma enw h Yphresia Politikhs Aeroporias proebh se diabhma stoys dieqneis organismoys aeroploias.

    [04] D.REPPAS: DEN YPARXEI QEMA MORATORIOYM GIA TIS PTHSEIS ELLHNIKWN AEROSKAFWN PANW APO THN KYPRO

    Den yparxei qema moratorioym oyte gia tis pthseis ellhnikwn maxhtikwn aeroskafwn panw apo thn Kypro, oyte gia th diejagwgh askhsewn twn enoplwn mas dynamewn sto Aigaio, dieykrinise shmera o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Dhmhtrhs Reppas, o opoios shmeiwse oti yphrje dialogos gia to sygkekrimeno qema alla h syzhthsh exei diakopei.

    "Den yparxei opoiadhpote synexeia, oyte mporei na yparjei synexeia gia to sygkekrimena qema epeidh den einai dynaton na dextoyme katw apo aytes tis synqhkes diakoph twn pthsewn sthn Kypro" epishmane xarakthristika o Ypoyrgos Typoy.

    [05] EPANALAMBANONTAI STIS 17 DEKEMBRIOY OI ELLHNOSKOPIANES SYNOMILIES

    Epanalambanontai stis 17 Dekembrioy sthn edra twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn, sth Nea Yorkh, oi ellhnoskopianes synomilies metajy twn ekproswpwn twn dyo xwrwn, presbewn Xrhstoy Zaxaraki kai Iban Tosefski ypo thn aigida toy mesolabhtoy toy OHE Sayroys Bans.

    H programmatismenh gia tis 4 Dekembrioy synanthsh twn ekproswpwn, opws einai gnwsto, eixe anablhqei logw ektakths ofqalmologikhs epembashs poy ekane o k.Bans.

    Diplwmatikes phges sthn edra twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn, qewroyn oti oi syzhthseis qa einai "agnwstoy periexomenoy" afoy mexri twra ta Skopia den exoyn deijei kata poso einai diateqeimena na ypoxwrhsoyn apo tis arxikes qeseis toys. Apo tis mexri twra endeijeis diafainetai h prospaqeia ths politikhs hgesias ths PGDM na anagagei to qema ths epilyshs ths onomasias se dimeres epipedo. Allwste apo tis dhlwseis ths hgesias twn Skopiwn prokyptei oti epidiwkei mia dimerh dieyqethsh etsi wste h Ellada na apokalei me opoia onomasia qelei thn PGDM asxeta me thn epishmh onomasia poy qa apodexqei h dieqnhs koinothtas.

    Sthn periptwsh pantws poy diapistwqei "adiejodo twn synomiliwn" kai meta ton kainoyrgio xrono, ektimatai oti o dieqnhs mesolabhths qa kinhsei th diadikasia toy Symboylioy Asfaleias poy einai kai ypeyqyno gia to apotelesma twn diaboyleysewn.

    [06] PTWSH PAROYSIASE O PLHQWRISMOS TO NOEMBRIO

    Shmantikh ptwsh paroysiase kata to Noembrio o plhqwrismos symfwna me epishma stoixeia ths eqnikhs statistikhs yphresias.

    O plhqwrismos ekleise to Noembrio sto 7,7% enanti 8,3% poy htan ton Oktwbrio.

    [07] TIS PLHGEISES APO TH QEOMHNIA PERIOXES THS JANQHS EPISKEPTETAI AYRIO O PROEDROS THS DHMOKRATIAS

    Tis plhgeises apo thn prosfath qeomhnia perioxes ths Janqhs qa episkefqei ayrio o Proedros ths Dhmokratias, Kwnstantinos Stefanopoylos. Ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias qa synodeysei o ypoyrgos Makedonias-Qrakhs, Filippos Petsalnikos.

    O k. Stefanopoylos qa ftasei stis 9.40 to prwi sto aerodromio "Makedonia" ths Qessalonikhs, apo opoy qa anaxwrhsei gia thn polh ths Janqhs, me stratiwtiko elikoptero typoy Sinoyk. Sth synexeia qa metabei odikws stis koinothtes Mykhs kai Exinoy. To meshmeri qa episkefqei to D' Swma Stratoy sthn Janqh kai sth synexeia qa metabei sthn koinothta Geniseas.

    Sth Qessalonikh qa epistrecei o Proedros ths Dhmokratias stis 5.40 to apogeyma kai amesws meta qa anaxwrhsei gia thn Aqhna.

    [08] SE EPIKINDYNO SHMEIO H STAQMH TOY EBROY - TA NERA KALYCAN TIS SIDHRODROMIKES GRAMMES STO PYQIO

    Se "epikindyno" ycos exoyn anebei ta nera toy potamoy Ebroy, logw ths synexizomenhs kaqodoy megalwn ydatinwn ogkwn apo th Boylgaria, poy tis teleyaties hmeres eplhgh apo katarraktwdeis broxoptwseis, opws tonizetai se shmerinh nea anakinwsh toy tmhmatos Politikoy Sxediasmoy Ektaktwn Anagkwn (PSEA) ths Nomarxiakhs Aytodioikhshs. H staqmh toy potamoy exei shmeiwsei anodo se sxesh me xqes kata dyo ekatosta toy metroy, ftanontas ta 5,82 metra kai ta nera kalycan ta jhmerwmata th sidhrodromikh grammh Alejandroypolhs-Orestiadas sto ycos toy Pyqioy, me apotelesma th diakoph twn dromologiwn twn trenwn, poy stamatoyn sto Didymoteixo. Xqes, ejalloy, katastrafhke kai deytero anaxwma (ektos apo ekeino sto Pyqio) anamesa stis koinothtes Sofikoy kai Qoyreioy, me apotelesma na epektaqoyn kata merikes ekatontades stremmata oi plhmmyres poy eixan hdh shmeiwqei apo thn katastrofh toy prwtoy anaxwmatos. (Sto Pyqio eixan plhmmyrisei 10.000 stremmata, enw alla 2.000 stremmata eixan yperkalyfqei stis Kastanies apo ta nera toy Arda).

    Sthn anakoinwsh ginetai epishs logos gia "amesh apeilh proklhshs plhmmyrwn stis parebreies perioxes" kai oi katoikoi ths perioxhs kaloyntai, sto plaisio toy sxedioy Jenokraths (poy efarmozetai apo proxqes sthn perioxh), na apomakrynoyn ta zwa toys kai ta gewrgika toys mhxanhmata. Milwntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o anaplhrwths nomarxhs Ebroy, Paylos Filaridhs, o opoios episkefqhke to prwi tis perioxes poy ypesthsan zhmies, eipe oti oi katoikoi exoyn eidopoihqei na briskontai se etoimothta gia ekkenwsh twn spitiwn poy briskontai poly konta ston potamo kai ejefrase foboys oti "efoson synexistei h anodos ths staqmhs toy Ebroy, h katastash mporei na teqei ektos elegxoy. Ayto poy mas anhsyxei, einai oti, enw ta nera toy potamoy Arda peftoyn, g staqmh toy Ebroy synexws ayjanetai".

    Symfwna me ton k. Filaridh, megales zhmies exoyn proklhqei sthn toyrkikh pleyra, opoy ta nera toy Ebroy exoyn plhmmyrisei agrotikes ektaseis se polla shmeia. Synexizetai h katagrafh twn zhmiwn sthn Janqh

    Sthn Janqh synexizontai h katagrafh twn zhmiwn stis ypodomes toy nomoy kai oi ergasies apokatastashs toy kentrikoy odikoy diktyoy. Symfwna me tis armodies nomarxiakes yphresies, mexri to apogeyma anamenetai na apokatastaqei h odikh epikoinwnia me to teleytaio xwrio toy oreinoy ogkoy poy paramenei apokleismeno, thn koinothta Medoysas, opws kai h hlektrodothsh kai h thlefwnikh syndesh me to xwrio.

    H katabolh twn epidomatwn twn 200.000 drx. stis oikogeneies poy eplhghsan apo th qeomhnia anamenetai na oloklhrwqei mexri th Deytera, enw symfwna me ton antinomarxh, k. Atmatzidh, syntoma qa oloklhrwqoyn kai oi ergasies enisxyshs twn anaxwmatwn ston potamo Kosynqo.

    [09] EPANASTATIKH MEQODO WRIMANSHS SPERMATOKYTTARWN STO ERGASTHRIO DINEI LYSH SE ANDRES POY ZOYN ME TO ONEIRO APOKTHSHS ENOS PAIDIOY

    Mia nea epanastatikh meqodo wrimanshs spermatokyttarwn sto ergasthrio, qa anaptyjei gia prwth fora pagkosmiws o dieqnoys fhmhs Ellhnas ereynhths Nikos Sofikiths, dinontas etsi lysh sto problhma ekatommyriwn andrwn poy oi orxeis toys den paragoyn spermatozwaria, oyte kan spermatides kai zoyn me to oneiro ths apokthshs enos paidioy.

    H eishghsh toy dieyqynth ths andrologikhs klinikhs toy panepisthmioy Totori ths Iapwnias k.Sofikith, paroysiazetai sto 2o Panellhnio Andrologiko Synedrio, oi ergasies toy opoioy jekinoyn shmera sthn palaia filosofikh sxolh toy APQ.

    Symfwna me ton k.Sofikith, h meqodos efarmozetai se periptwseis poy o andras pasxei apo oligospermia, exontas liga spermatozwaria h kai kaqoloy sto spermatiko ygro. H wrimansh spermatokyttarwn, ta opoia sth synexeia ginontai spermatides, me thn efarmogh twn hdh gnwstwn meqodwn ROSNI kai ROSCI emfyteyontai sto wario ths gynaikas, opote kai eperxetai gonimopoihsh. Hdh me tis meqodoys aytes, exoyn gennhqei se olo ton kosmo 20 paidia apolyta ygih.

    To entypwsiako poy prosqetei o Ellhnas ereynhths einai oti kai andres poy pasxoyn apo karkino mporoyn na teknopoihsoyn an exoyn spermatides. "Apo enan asqenh, poy exei karkino kai prokeitai na ypoblhqei se xhmeioqerapeia h se aktinobolies, mporoyme na paroyme spermatides, na tis kryokatacyjoyme kai otan teleiwsei ayth h qerapeia na tis topoqethsoyme jana stoys orxeis, wste na pollaplasiastoyn. Sth synexeia topoqetoyntai sto wario kai ginetai h gonimopoihsh" symplhrwse o k.Sofikiths.

    [10] TO NEO NOMOSXEDIO GIA TO MISQOLOGIO TWN DHMOSIWN YPALLHLWN QA PAROYSIASEI TO MESHMERI O N.XRISTODOYLAKHS

    O yfypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Nikos Xristodoylakhs qa paroysiasei stis 12 to meshmeri sta grafeia ths ADEDY, to neo nomosxedio gia to misqologio twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn.

    H GSEE apofasizei thn Trith to plaisio twn kinhtopoihsewn ths, h ADEDY exei hdh ejaggeilei 24wrh apergia, enw daskaloi kai nhpiagwgoi katerxontai se 48wrh apergia stis 16 kai 17 toy mhnos kai oi syntajioyxoi apofasisan na pragmatopoihsoyn thn Trith syllalhthria se olh th xwra.

    Oi telwneiakoi ypallhloi ejhggeilan trihmerh proeidopoihtikh apergia apo tis 17 Dekembrioy, diekdikwntas ayjhseis kai proslhceis gia thn kalych organikwn qesewn.

    [11] MEION 60% TO KOMISTRO TOY TRENOY PROS SERBIA, GIA TIS EMPOREYMATIKES METAFORES-NEA SYMFWNIA ELLADAS-SKOPIWN

    Peri to 60% fqhnoteres einai pleon oi mesw sidhrodromoy emporeymatikes metafores pros Gioygkoslabia, meta kai th nea symfwnia eniaioy timologioy poy ypegrace o OSE me ton Organismo Sidhrodromwn twn Skopiwn.

    To eniaio timologio, poy exei symfwnhqei metajy twn dyo xwrwn hdh apo ta telh toy 1995 -kai efarmosqhke kaq' olo to trexon etos- epekteinetai kai gia to 1997. Malista, yparxei problech gia paratash toy ep' aoriston, efoson ayto den kataggelqei apo ena ek twn dyo diktywn. Einai xarakthristiko, oti kai oi dyo pleyres symfwnhsan na mhn yparjei kamia ayjhsh sthn -hdh meiwmenh- timh toy komistroy, prokeimenoy o sidhrodromos na katastei akomh antagwnistikotero meso metaforas emporeymatwn enanti toy forthgoy.

    Epipleon, apofasisthke h epektash toy eniaioy timologioy wste na afora oxi mono tis metafores poy exoyn tis dyo akres toys stis dyo xwres, alla kai th diametakomish (transit). Apwteros stoxos, h proselkysh metaforikoy ergoy me proorismo th Gioygkoslabia, to opoio shmera xanetai kaqws epilegei alloys, prosforoteroys dromoys.

    "Afoy den kataferame na peisoyme toys Gioygkoslaboys na metasxoyn kai oi idioi sto eniaio timologio, epidiwkoyme -me ton tropo ayto- na petyxoyme mia shmantikotath ayjhsh toy metaforikoy ergoy pros ayth thn kateyqynsh", tonise sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o bohqos genikos dieyqynths toy OSE, Loydobikos Koyrtidhs. "Sygkekrimena, ektimw oti kata to 1997 qa shmeiwqei ayjhsh 50% toy ergoy pros ta Skopia, enanti ths perysinhs xronias. Ayjhsh, idiaitera shmantikh, kaqws hdh apo perysi katorqwsame - xarh sto eniaio timologio- na epistrecoyme sta pro toy empargko epipeda metaforikoy ergoy".

    Apo thn allh pleyra, terastia zhthsh exei dhmioyrghsei kai h prwtoboylia toy OSE na erqei se symfwnia me ola ta sidhrodromika diktya poy mesolaboyn mexri th Rwsia, prokeimenoy na metaferontai -me taxythta kai xamhlo komistro- ellhnika esperidoeidh stis xwres ths t.ESSD. "Hdh, kaqws h metafora ayth ginetai me rwsika bagonia- cygeia, dhmioyrgoyme kai parko bagoniwn sth Qessalonikh, wste na einai ana pasa stigmh diaqesima stoys endiaferomenoys ejagwgeis. Me stoxo, dhladh, na glitwsoyme to xrono poy mesolaboyse apo thn ekdhlwsh endiaferontos mexri na "katebei" o syrmos apo th Rwsia", epishmane o k.Koyrtidhs.

    Ejalloy, kata th diarkeia ths synodoy twn balkanikwn sidhrodromikwn diktywn -poy pragmatopoihqhke sth Leptokarya Pierias- apofasisqhke na pragmatopoihqoyn dimereis synanthseis twn diktywn sta metajy toys synoriaka shmeia, prokeimenoy na katagrafoyn ta problhmata poy dhmioyrgoyntai kata tis diadikasies dieleyshs. "Bebaia, oi en logw kaqysterhseis aforoyn alles yphresies (astynomia, telwneio, ypoyrgeio Gewrgias klp) kai oxi to sidhrodromo. Akribws pros thn kateyqynsh synennohshs me tis yphresies aytes qa kinhqoyme, prokeimenoy na epityxoyme kalyteres taxythtes metaforas", katelhje o k.Koyrtidhs.


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [12] PARAITHQHKE O YPOYRGOS PLHROFORIWN THS SERBIAS

    Thn paraithsh toy ypeballe to meshmeri o ypoyrgos Plhroforiwn ths Serbias, Alejanter Tianits, dhlwnontas oti h proswpikh toy antilhch sxetika me th leitoyrgia twn MME sth xwra einai diaforetikh apo thn epikratoysa kai epishs oti parameristhke o idios se polles apofaseis poy aforoyn ta MME.

    Parallhla, o k. Tianits paraithqhke kai apo th qesh toy Genikoy Dieyqynth toy idiwtikoy thleoptikoy staqmoy BK. O mexri shmera ypoyrgos Plhroforiwn eixe dexqei entones epikriseis apo thn antipoliteysh kai ta anejarthta MME, ejaitias ths apofashs twn arxwn gia apagoreysh ths leitoyrgias twn radiofwnikwn staqmwn B92 kai INTEX-twn monwn hlektronikwn meswn epikoinwnias sth Serbia poy metedidan tis diadhlwseis diamartyrias ths antipoliteyshs kai twn foithtwn.

    [13] APERGIAKES KINHTOPOIHSEIS PROETOIMAZOYN OI SYNDIKALISTIKES ORGANWSEIS THS ALBANIAS

    Me apergiakes kinhtopoihseis proeidopoihse thn kybernhsh to Eqniko Symboylio Anejarthtwn Syndikatwn sthn periptwsh poy den ikanopoihqoyn ta aithmata twn ergazomenwn.

    Meta apo maraqwnia synedriash, eji kai pleon wrwn, to Eqniko Symboylio Anejarthtwn Syndikatwn, toy opoioy hgeitai o Azem Xaintari, enekrine kai apesteile pros ton prwqypoyrgo Alejanter Meji, ypomnhma me ennea shmeia zhtwntas metajy allwn anaprosarmogh twn apodoxwn me bash thn ayjhsh toy timariqmoy, diplasiasmo twn misqwn, rizikes allages ston Kwdika Ergasias.

    Oi syndikalistikes kinhtopoihseis poy anamenetai na arxisoyn se oles tis eparxies ths xwras sthn periptwsh poy den ikanopoihqoyn ta aithmata, qa epidiwjoyn metajy twn allwn kai thn anakatalhch twn grafeiwn twn syndikatwn apo toys opadoys toy mexri shmera proedroy Baler Tseka, o opoios ws gnwston den anagnwrizei ton Azem Xaintari yposthrizontas oti h eklogh toy einai "paranomh kai antikatastatikh", shmeiwnei h efhmerida "Koxa Gion".

    Gia shmera pantws, exei programmatistei, symfwna me thn idia efhmerida, diadhlwsh mprosta apo to ktirio toy monadikoy kratikoy thleoptikoy staqmoy ths xwras, me basiko aithma thn apomakrynsh toy genikoy dieyqynth ths thleorashs Kemal Sekagieba ton opoio kataggeloyn gia monomerh enhmerwsh toy koinoy sxetika me tis sumdijakistij]r kinhtopoihseis.

    [14] H KATARGHSH THS POINHS TOY QANATOY SE OLA TA KRATH-MELH TOY SYMBOYLIOY THS EYRWPHS EPANABEBAIWQHKE SE SYNEDRIO THS KOINOBOYLEYTIKHS SYNELEYSHS TOY ORGANISMOY

    H katarghsh ths poinhs toy qanatoy se ola ta krath-melh toy Symboylioy ths Eyrwphs, epanabebaiwqhke kata th diarkeia synedrioy poy syndiorganwse h koinoboyleytikh syneleysh toy organismoy me to ypoyrgeio Dikaiosynhs ths Oykranias kai pragmatopoihqhke sto Kiebo.

    Oi synedroi ejefrasan foboys gia ayjhsh twn opadwn ths qanatikhs poinhs ejaitias ths anhsyxhtikhs ayjhshs ths egklhmatikothtas poy synepagetai thn piesh ths koinhs gnwmhs, ypogrammizontas th shmasia ths enhmerwshs toy koinoy epi toy qematos.

    Idiaiterh anafora egine sthn Rwsia kai thn Oykrania gia tis opoies ekfrasthke h anhsyxia gia gia thn epanalambanomenh parabiash twn aneilhmmenwn ypoxrewsewn kata thn entajh toys sto Symboylio ths Eyrwphs kai tonisthke h anagkh gia thn katarghsh ths poinhs toy qanatoy mesa sta epomena tria xronia

    Eidikotera oi eishghtes ths Epitrophs Nomikwn Ypoqesewn kai Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn toy Symboylioy ths Eyrwphs, Zsoit Nemeth kai Renate Wohlwend epesthan thn prosoxh ths Rwsias kai ths Oykranias gia tis synepeies poy mporoyn na exoyn oi synexizomenes parabiaseis toys gia to mellon toys ston eyrwpaiko organismo.

    [15] ENERGO ROLO STHN EIRHNEYTIKH DIADIKASIA STH MESH ANATOLH QA PAIJEI H NEA YPOYRGOS EJWTERIKWN TWN HPA M.OLMPRAIT

    Energo rolo sthn eirhneytikh diadikasia sth Mesh Anatolh qa paijei h nea ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn Mantlin Olmprait, h "opoia parakoloyqhse apo poly konta" tis synomilies gia thn eirhneysh sthn perioxh, symfwna me ton ekproswpo toy Leykoy Oikoy Maikl Mak Keri.

    O k.Mak Keri tonise oti oi Hnwmenes Politeies qa synexisoyn na paizoyn to rolo toy mesolabhth kai na enqarrynoyn tis dyo pleyres na epilysoyn tis diafores toys, anaferomenos sthn piqanh synanthsh toy Israhlinoy prwqypoyrgoy Beniamin Netaniaxoy me ton Palaistinio proedro Giaser Arafat.

    [16] SXEDIO ANAQEWRHSHS THS SYNQHKHS TOY MAASTRIXT QA SYZHTHSOYN STIS BRYJELLES OI YPOYRGOI EJWTERIKWN TWN "15"

    Tis qeseis ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs gia to sxedio ths anaqewrhmenhs synqhkhs toy Maastrixt, poy edwse xqes sth dhmosiothta h Irlandikh Proedria, anamenetai oti qa epanalabei o Qeodwros Pagkalos sth shmerinh synodo twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs poy pragmatopoieitai stis Bryjelles gia thn proetoimasia ths Synodoy Koryfhs toy Doyblinoy.

    O k.Pagkalos qa epimeinei sthn anagkh mias safesterhs kai entonoterhs diatypwshs gia thn prostasia twn synorwn ths koinothtas apo apeiles tritwn xwrwn. Qa milhsei epishs gia thn anagkh mias pio oloklhrwmenhs diatypwshs poy anaferetai sthn prostasia ths edafikhs akeraiothtas ths Koinothtas kai twn xwrwn melwn kai qa tonisei oti einai antiqetos se kaqe protash yioqethshs ths arxhs ths eyelijias, poy prowqoyn oi Gallogermanoi kai h opoia odhgei sth dhmioyrgia, kata thn apoch ths Elladas, mias Eyrwphs dyo taxythtwn.

    Endiaferon qa exei an qa proteinei h Irlandikh Proedria na prosklhqei se deipno h Tsiler meta thn arnhsh ths prosklhshs ston Ermpakan.

    Shmera qa brisketai gia diaboyleyseis o yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Oymen poy qa synanthqei me ajiwmatoyxoys

    H Ellada, opws metedwse to BBC, den einai idiaitera ikanopoihmenh apo to proteinomeno sxedio ths Irlandikh Proedrias,giati den egine dekto to aithma na ginetai safhs anafora stoys stoxoys ths koinhs ejwterikhs politikhs kai amynas, gia to aparabiasto twn ejwterikwn synorwn ths koinothtas prokeimenoy na diasfalistei h edafikh akeraiothta ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs oso kai twn xwrwn melwn ths apo trites xwres opws l.x. einai gia thn Ellada h Toyrkia.

    Sto idio panta sxedio keimenoy kefalaio, ginetai logos gia ta krath melh poy prepei na synergazontai gia thn enisxysh kai thn anaptyjh ths amoibaias politikhs allhleggyhs toys.

    H Irlandikh Proedria den dexqhke to aithma ths Elladas gia thn katagrafh sto arqro ayto, mias isxyrhs oso to qelei, rhtras politikhs allhleggyhs diatypwmenes me pio sqenaroys oroys.

    Sto prooimio toy sxedioy ginetai anafora sthn anagkh na prostateyontai oi laoi ths EE apo apeiles kata ths asfaleias toys, kati poy apaitei oysiastikoterh drash ths Enwshs, symperilambanomenwn apotelesmatikwn kai ajiopistwn elegxwn sta ejwterika synora.

    Prokeitai gia oroys kai diatypwseis poy mporei na toys epiballei kaqe xwra melos h opoia qewrei oti apeiloyntai ta synora ths kai ara ikanopoioyn thn Ellada.

    H anaqewrhsh ths synqhkhs toy Maastrixt qa syzhthqei sto Symboylio Koryfhs toy Doyblinoy stis 13 kai 14 Dekembrioy kai me bash tis kateyqynthries odhgies poy qa dwsoyn oi 15 arxhgoi kratwn kai kybernhsewn qa synexistei gia alloys toylaxiston 6 mhnes epi Ollandikhs Proedrias h diapragmateysh me thn elpida oti h synqhkh qa einai etoimh sto neo Symboylio Koryfhs toy Amsterntam ton Ioynio toy 1997.

    Epishs ajizei na anaferqoyn dyo arqra sta opoia symfwna me to anaqewrhmeno periexomeno toys kaqe eyrwpaiko kratos to opoio sebetai tis arxes ths dhmokratias, ths eleyqerias twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn twn qemeliwdwn eleyqeriwn mporei na zhthsei melos ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs.

    Prosferei ena prosqeto epixeirhma sthn Ellada na arnhqei thn entajh sthn Toyrkia me to epixeirhma oti den plhrei kamia h tis perissoteres apo aytes peri eleyqerias kai dhmokratias proypoqeseis.


    [G] DIABALKANIKO SYNEDRIO : "EL. BENIZELOS - AL. PAPANASTASIOY 60 XRONIA META: H IDEA THS DIABALKANIKHS SYNERGASIAS"

    [17] GHPEDO EIRHNHS KAI FILIAS GIA TOYS BALKANIKOYS LAOYS H SYNERGASIA TWN KRATWN THS XERSONHSOY TOY AIMOY

    Thn anagkh na proxwrhsei h idea ths Diabalkanikhs synergasias kai synennohshs oxi mono metajy twn kybernhsewn alla kai twn kratikwn kai mh kybernhtikwn organwsewn , ypogrammisthke idiaitera me thn enarjh twn ergasiwn ths b'hmeras twn ergasiwn toy Symposioy me qema "El.Benizelos-Al.Papanastasioy, 60 xronia meta : H idea ths Diabalkanikhs synergasias" poy diorganwnei to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn

    O kaqhghths Nthmhtar Entsef, milwntas me qema "h epikairothta ths ideas ths balkanikhs synergasias, zhthse syggnwmh gia thn podosfairikh orologia kai tonise oti "ta Balkania einai h balkanikh mas proklhsh, to gnwsto mas ghpedo, edw megalwsame, edw maqame na paizoyme, gnwrizoyme tis alles omades".

    "Ta Balkania, synexise o k. Entsef, kai h balkanikh synergasia gia emas einai monodromos. Gia na prokriqoyme sthn Eyrwph. Eimai bebaios pws kai ayto to foroym einai meros ths koinhs mas balkanikhs proponhshs gia thn koinh prokrish stoys paneyrwpaikoys agwnes, dhladh th synergasia twn balkanikwn xwrwn sto plaisio ths eyryterhs eyrwpaikhs koinothtas".

    Telos, o k. Entsef, ypogrammise pws tetoia bhmata opws to Symposio poy organwse to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn, symballoyn sthn edraiwsh ths staqerothtas sta Balkania.

    "Qewrw katelhje o k. Entsef, pws kamia xwra oyte mporei, oyte prepei na jodeyei to oikonomiko, politiko kai diplwmatiko dynamiko ths pros kateyqynseis, opoy to koino, kata prwto logo, oikonomiko symferon, mporei na epilysei opoies tribes kai istorikes prokatalhceis yparxoyn".

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o kaqhghths ths Balkaniologias sto Dhmokriteio Panepisthmio Qrakhs,Iwannhs Papadrianos, anaferqhke stis sxeseis Elladas kai Serbias to 1914, otan h Aystrooyggaria khryje ton polemo enantion ths geitonikhs xwras.

    Symfwna me thn anafora toy k. Papadrianoy, h opoia kyriws sthrixthke se eggrafa gioygkoslabikwn arxeiwn, "oi sxeseis twn dyo xwrwn, poy sthrizontan sthn ellhnoserbikh symmaxia kai stratiwtikh symbash toy Maioy toy 1913, kateyqynontan tote apo dyo ejexontes politikoys: ton Ellhna Eleyqerio Benizelo kai ton Prwqypoyrgo ths Serbias Nikola Pasits".

    "H epiqesh ths Dyadikhs Monarxias enantion ths Serbias apotelese th bash,panw sthn opoia sthrixthke o Ellhnas Prwqypoyrgos gia na kaqorisei th balkanikh politikh ths xwras",katelhje o k. Papadrianos.

    O Genikos Dieyqynths toy Roymanikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn Rompress k. Neagkoy Oyntrogioy, anaferqhke sta problhmata poy exoyn dhmioyrghqei stis xwres toy prwhn anatolikoy synaspismoy, epishmainontas oti ayta ofeilontai sto oti h nea isorropia poy prospaqoyn na dhmioyrghsoyn sthrizetai sthn palia ypodomh.

    "Mas enwnei o koinos prosanatolismos pros thn oikonomia ths agoras. Mas xwrizoyn diafora istorika kai oikonomika problhmata", e_pe anaferomenos stis sxeseis twn xwrwn ths Balkanikhs.

    "Ta Balkania einai h estia toy filikoy spitioy poy oi anqrwpoi xairetizoyn o enas ton allo. H qrhskeia kai h glwssa mas kanoyn na diaferoyme. Exoyme omws koina hqh kai eqima", tonise o Genikos Dieyqynths toy Rompress k. Oyntrogioy.

    "Oramatizomai na zw se mia perioxh poy oloi qa einai pio konta", synexise, prosqetontas oti oi diplwmates kai oi daskaloi qa broyn tis gefyres poy qa enwsoyn toys laoys twn Balkaniwn.

    Idiaiterh shmasia edwse sto rolo toy dhmosiografoy kai sth syneisfora toy, wste na ginoyn ta Balkania perioxh filias kai synergasias.

    "Sto dhmosiografo, analogei na qesei to liqaraki gia to ktisimo ths balkanikhs polhs ths eirhnhs poy symbolo ths qa exei to kladi ths elias", ypogrammise.

    O k. Oyntrogioy synexarh to M.P.E gia thn prwtoboylia ths dhmioyrgias ths Enwshs Balkanikwn Praktoreiwn Eidhsewn kai proteine th dhmioyrgia balkanikwn symmaxiwn me stoxo th synergasia.

    [18] H BALKANIKH STAYRODROMI POLITISMWN KAI QRHSKEIWN- PRWTARXIKO MELHMA H DIAFYLAJH THS EIRHNHS

    Ws stayrodromi politismwn, qrhskeiwn, kai polyxrwmo mwsaiko, xarakthrise, ta Balkania, h Genikh Grammateas toy Ypoyrgeioy Makedonias-Qrakhs, Xrysa Manwlia, kata thn eishghsh ths, shmera meshmeri, deyterh hmera twn ergasiwn toy Diabalkanikoy Symposioy poy organwse to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn.

    "H Dysh ths Anatolhs kai h Anatolh ths Dyshs. H pandaisia diaforetikwn eqnwn. To qayma ths pollaplothtas, ths polyxrwmias.Gia ayto to mwsaiko ajizei na ergastoyme kai na synergastoyme. Kai thn prwth qesh katalambanei h diafylajh ths eirhnhs", anefere h k. Manwlia.

    Epishs, tonise oti ta Balkania mporoyn kai prepei na apotelesoyn thn kinhthria dynamh mias anadhmioyrgias, h opoia qa proballei se prwto stadio thn oikonomikh diastash, enw anefere oti h anagkh prowqhshs newn eyeliktwn politikwn oikonomikhs synergasias me anaptyjiako stoxo, krinetai epitaktikh.

    Ws basikes proypoqeseis gia thn synergasia twn balkanikwn lawn, h k. Manwlia prosdiorise thn enisxysh toy Politismoy, ton opoio xarakthrise "gefyra poy enwnei laoys kai eqnh", th stenh synergasia twn Panepisthmiwn,kaqws kai th synergasia Moyseiwn kai Arxaiologikwn Yphresiwn.

    Anaferomenh sth symbolh twn dhmosiografwn sth synergasia metajy twn lawn ths Balkanikhs, h k. Manwlia tonise oti oi dhmosiografoi ofeiloyn kai mporoyn na apotelesoyn toys ierofantes mias ajiozhleyths epikoinwnias,mias synergasias, h opoia stis meres mas einai kai epibeblhmenh kai efikth. "Ton dromo mas ton edeijan o El. Benizelos kai o Al. Papanastasioy. Ton tropo qa mas ton ypodeijoyn h kalh proairesh, h allhlokatanohsh, h prospaqeia", katelhje h k. Manwlia.

    Se mhnyma toy, o Yfypoyrgos Paideias Giannhs Anqopoylos, synexarh to M.P.E gia thn prwtoboylia diorganwshs toy Symposioy, epishmainontas oti den katesth dynaton na parastei logw ths sulletow^r toy sthn atyph synanthsh Ypoyrgwn Paideias sto Doyblino.

    "Oi dhmosiografoi shmera dhmioyrgoyn thn nea alhqinh tajh plhroforiwn sta Balkania", ypogrammise kata thn omilia toy, o Stefan Belef, Genikos Dieyqynths toy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn ths Boylgarias B.I.R. kai Organwtikos Grammateas ths "Enwshs Balkanikwn Praktoreiwn Eidhsewn".

    O k. Belef, epeshmane thn anagkh ths dhmioyrgias koinwn organwsewn, opws einai trapezes eidhsewn, ta balkanika grafeia typoy k.a, enw anaferqhke sthn Enwsh Balkanikwn Praktoreiwn Eidhsewn,poy idryqhke sth Qessalonikh. Prosqese de, oti se syntomo xroniko diasthma qa arxisoyn na dhmioyrgoyntai balkanikes enwseis radiofwnoy, thleorashs kaqws kai balkaniko Internet.

    "Ola ayta den einai fantasia. Jeroyme oti sthn istoria mas yparxei poly aima. Omws shmera den einai dyskolo na yparjei synergasia. Einai dynato mesa apo ton kaqrefth twn plhroforiwn na doyme ton sympatriwth mas apo th geitonikh xwra na mas aplwnei to xeri", anefere xarakthristika. Adiaireto synolo ta Balkania

    "O Balkanikos kosmos einai ena adiaireto synolo opoy yparxei ena mwsaiko, mia oikogeneia lawn me koinh moira kai koinh istorikh ejelijh. H moira twn lawn ths Balkanikhs enwnetai. Oi laoi ofeiloyn na zoyn mazi sthn eyrwpaikh oikogeneia", ypogrammise sthn omilia toy, o Antiproedros ths Akadhmias Episthmwn ths Roymanias Nikolai Tanasoka.

    Anaferomenos sthn katarreysh toy anatolikoy synaspismoy, alla kai tis allages stis xwres ths Balkanikhs, o k. Tanasoka eipe oti "shmera o kosmos ths perioxhs biwnei krish allhleggyhs logw ths dialyshs ths Sobietikhs Enwshs,toy polemoy sth Gioygkoslabia kai toy kymatos metanasteyshs apo thn Albania".

    "Olo ayto to jespasma, synexise o k. Tanasoka, balkanikoy eqnikismoy dhmioyrgei alloys paragontes astaqeias. H epibebaiwsh ths balkanikhs ideas me thn eyrwpaikh, basizetai stis idees toy Eleyqerioy Benizeloy kai toy Alejandroy Papanastasioy".

    Katalhgontas, o k. Tanasoka, prosdiorise oti to kaqhkon twn Balkanologwn afora sthn paroysiash ths alhqeias, wste "na mhn yparxei plasth epixeirhmatologia".

    Sthn idiaiterothta poy paroysiazei h perioxh ths Balkanikhs kai oi laoi ths kaqws kai stoys istorikoys paragontes poy diadramatisan kaqoristiko rolo sthn diamorfwsh toy shmerinoy "topioy" twn Balkaniwn, anaferqhke o Ilir Zilia, Genikos Dieyqynths toy Albanikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn, kata th diarkeia ths omilias toy.

    Parallhla, ejefrase thn pepoiqhsh oti ta balkanika praktoreia eidhsewn einai to katallhlotero meso gia eirhnh kai synergasia sta Balkania. "Emeis oi Balkanioi, aisqanomaste apomonwmenoi giati den exoyme plhroforhsh o enas gia ton allon".

    Epishs, ekane ektenh anafora sth leitoyrgia ths Enwshs Balkanikwn Praktoreiwn Eidhsewn kai sto programma "DIAYLOS", poy prowqei to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn, tonizontas oti ayto " qa symballei sthn antallagh plhroforiwn kai sthn edraiwsh ths sumeqcas_ar sta Balkania". Xarakthrise de ws qema prwtarxikhs shmasias thn amesh enhmerwsh gia tis ejelijeis sta Balkania, poy qa exei san apotelesma thn arsh ths apomonwshs metajy twn balkanikwn lawn kai thn kalyterh synergasia.

    Oi ergasies toy symposioy synexizontai.

    [19] H SHMASIA THS BALKANIKHS GIA THN EYRWPH

    Sth shmasia ths Balkanikhs gia thn Eyrwph, kaqws kai sta idiaitera shmeia sta opoia estiazetai h prosoxh ths Eyrwphs, anaferqhke o kaqhghths Milorant Ekmetsik, melos ths Akadhmias Episthmwn ths Bosnias-Erzegobinhs, milwntas shmera sth diarkeia twn ergasiwn toy Diabalkanikoy Symposioy.

    "H Eyrwph estiazei thn prosoxh ths se orismena shmeia kai sygkekrimena sta stena toy Bosporoy, sta Dardanelia, thn Kwnstantinoypolh, to Beligradi kaqws kai sth Makedonia", ypogrammise o k. Ekmetsik.

    Idiaiterh anafora ekane sth Makedonia, enw anaferomenos sto Beligradi, o k. Ekmetsik, dieykrinise oti ayto " den htan mono ena astiko kentro, alla htan kai h diaxwristikh grammh polemwn apo anatolikh pros th dytikh Eyrwph".

    Oson afora sthn katastash poy epikratei sthn prwhn Gioygkoslabia kai eidikotera sth Bosnia-Erzegobinh kai stis omades poy sygkrotoyn thn koinwnia, o k. Ekmetsik ypogrammise oti "oi Bosnioi moysoylmanoi allajan ennea fores to onoma ths qrhskeytikhs toys taytothtas kyriws logw politikwn epilogwn h allwn paragontwn".

    Sthn eishghsh toy, o Spyros Koyzinopoylos, Genikos Dieyqynths toy Makedonikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn, shmeiwse oti me to symposio ayto to M.P.E, qelhse oxi mono na timhsei me th symplhrwsh 60 etwn apo ton qanato toys, ton epi seira etwn Prwqypoyrgo kai qemeliwth ths neoterhs Elladas Eleyqerio Benizelo kai ton "patera ths Dhmokratias" Alejandro Papanastasioy. Alla, synexise o k. Koyzinopoylos, me thn eykairia, na katadeijei oti oi idees ths balkanikhs synergasias kai synennohshs, gia tis opoies me sqenos agwnisthkan oi dyo aytoi koryfaioi politikoi, ejakoloyqoyn kai shmera na einai epikaires.

    Sth synexeia, anaferqhke ektenws sthn D'"Balkanikh Diaskech", poy eixe pragmatopoihqei ton Noembrio toy 1933 sth Qessalonikh, tonizontas oti ta mhnymata ekeinhs ths Diaskechs, 63 akribws xronia meta kai kyriws h anagkh gia eirhnikh symbiwsh, filia, oikonomikh kai emporikh synergasia metajy twn balkanikwn xwrwn, paramenoyn panta epikaira. Kai sthn anabiwsh toy epoikodomhtikoy ekeinoy klimatos, poy epikrathse sth Diaskech ths Qessalonikhs, mporoyn kai prepei na bohqhsoyn, oxi mono oi kybernhseis, oi opoies exoyn ypoxrewsh enanti ths istorias kai twn lawn toys na to prajoyn, alla kai oi memonwmenoi foreis kai organwseis ths perioxhs mas.

    " Oi drasthriothtes, poy anaptyssei sthn kateyqynsh ayth h Enwsh twn Balkanikwn Praktoreiwn Eidhsewn, h dhmioyrgia apo to Makedoniko Praktoreio ths Balkanikhs Trapezas Eidhsewn, h ylopoihsh toy programmatos "DIAYLOS" gia th doryforikh diasyndesh olwn twn eqnikwn balkanikwn praktoreiwn me th Qessalonikh, gia thn am\ptung ths diabalkanikhs synergasias, kaqistoyn panta epikaires tis idees toy Eleyqerioy Benizeloy kai toy Alejandroy Papanastasioy. Prokeimenoy na anaptyxqoyn sta Balkania oxi mono h filia kai h dhmioyrgia enos klimatos asfaleias, alla kai h peraiterw dieyrynsh ths oikonomikhs, politistikhs kai emporikhs synergasias twn xwrwn ths Xersonhsoy toy Aimoy. Kai tote sigoyra qa jhmerwsoyn kalyteres hmeres gia olh thn perioxh ths Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs", katelhje o k. Koyzinopoylos.

    [20] ENTONOS PROBLHMATISMOS STO SYMPOSIO TOY MPE GIA OSA XWRIZOYN KAI ENWNOYN TA BALKANIA

    To Aigaio einai mia monadikh sto eidos ths qalassa, logw twn pollwn nhsiwn poy yparxoyn, kai epomenws den einai dynato na ginetai logos gia epektash twn xwrikwn ydatwn peran twn eji miliwn , tonise o epikoyros kaqhghths toy panepisthmioy Bilkent ths Agkyras, Xasan Oynal, kata th diarkeia ths omilias toy sto symposio gia th diabalkanikh synergasia poy organwnei to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn.

    Apanthsh ston k. Oynal edwse o dieyqynths syntajhs toys Aqhnaikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn, Gerasimos Zarkadhs, o opoios epishmane oti o pyrhnas twn ellhnotoyrkikwn diaforwn brisketai sta xwrika ydata kai oti to dieqnes dikaio kai oxi ta opla einai ekeino poy dinei sthn Ellada to dikaiwma ths epektashs toy. Epishs o boyleyths toy PASOK Stelios Papaqemelhs se parembash toy ypogrammise oti to megalytero problhma poy yparxei shmera phgazei apo thn politikh qesh toy toyrkikoy rebizionismoy poy den pisteyei sto sebasmo twn synorwn ths me toys geitonikoys laoys kai thn Ellada.

    O k. Oynal, metajy twn piqanwn lysewn gia tis ellhnotoyrkikes diafores, proteine na proboyn oi dyo xwres se energeies allhloenhmerwshs sxetika me tis stratiwtikes askhseis kai malista eipe pws kalo qa htan na ypografei symfwnia paromoia me ayth poy ypegrace h Toyrkia me thn Boylgaria. "Mia tetoia kinhsh qa edeixne oti h Toyrkia den exei bleceis sth Qrakh" . Parallhla proteine na proxwrhsei h Aqhna se apostratikopoihsh twn nhsiwn toy Aigaioy bash mias symfwnias sthn opoia qa emperiexetai h arxh ths adiamfisbhthths kyriarxias ths Elladas sta nhsia toy Aigaioy me antallagma thn yposthrijh ths entajhs ths Toyrkias sthn EE.O k. Oynal tonise akomh oti oi dyo xwres qa mporoysan na pane sth diaithsia gia thn antimetwpish twn problhmatwn, orismena apo ta opoia qa mporoysan na antimetwpistoyn me lhch metrwn sto plaisio eirhneytikwn prwtoboyliwn.

    O Toyrkos kaqhghths proteine thn ypografh prwtokolloy metajy twn dyo xwrwn sto opoio qa anaferetai oti den qa kanoyn stratiwtikes askhseis, ektos ekeinwn toy NATO. Ws enan allo tropo epilyshs twn diaforwn qewrhse thn epixeirhmatikh synergasia. "Qa prepei oi epixeirhmaties na ejetasoyn tis dynatothtes koinwn epixeirhsewn kai ependysewn . Me thn ayjhsh toy ogkoy twn synallagwn qa dhmioyrghqei oikonomikh allhloejarthsh" Telos epishmane oti h qesh ths Toyrkias einai sth Dysh kai oxi sthn Anatolh, opws qelei na thn paroysiazei o ellhnikos Typos. "To ofelos ths Elladas einai na brisketai h Toyrkia sth Dysh tonise em~ anaferomenos sto Kypriako epishmane oti , kaqws to problhma exei katastei periploko, h krish qa mporoyse na lyqei me paketo diapragmateysewn stis opoies qa enqarrynoyn oi HPA kai to NATO.

    Sto rolo twn Balkanikwn Praktoreiwn Eidhsewn poy stoxoys toys einai h paroxh akriboys kai egkyrhs plhroforhshs anaferqhke h dieyqyntria dieqnwn sxesewn toy boylgarikoy Praktoreioy BIR, Gianna Kozoyxaroba, h opoia tonise oti ena kala plhroforhmeno koino einai anoixto se nees apoceis. "H diamorfwsh ths koinhs gnwmhs ejartatai apo thn plhroforhsh poy emeis metadidoyme " eipe kai prosqese oti ta Balkanika Praktoreia Eidhsewn diadramatizoyn to rolo toys opws prepei pragma poy allwste einai pros timh toys. H k Kozoyxaroba prosqese akomh oti ta problhmata twn Balkanikwn Eidhseografikwn Praktoreiwn einai koina kai oti oi desmoi metajy toys den einai aytoi poy qa eprepe. "H dhmioyrgia koinhs bashs dedomenwn qa bohqoyse na antimetwpisoyme th diktatoria ths plhroforhshs poy epiballoyn ta isxyra Praktoreia" ypogrammise kai prosqese: "H agnoia einai o xeiroteros exqros ths dhmokratias. Apostolh twn eidhseografikwn Praktoreiwn einai na dhmioyrghsoyn orejh gia Dhmokratia kai ajiopistia me th bohqeia kai ths neas texnologias.

    O dieyqynths toy IMXA kaqhghths Basilhs Konths sthn eishghsh toy me qema "O Benizelos kai h balkanikh symmaxia toy 1912" xarakthrise th symfwnia ayth ws mia diplwmatikh epanastash. "O shmantikoteros paragontas poy syntelese sth dhmioyrgia ths diabalkanikhs symmaxias toy 1912 htan h antidrash ths Serbias kai ths Rwsias sto zhthma ths Bosnias " eipe. O k. Konths prosqese akomh oti oi boylgarikes kai oi ellhnikes filodojies sth Makedonia apoteloysan ekeinh thn epoxh empodio gia ena tetoio synaspismo enw meta thn epanastash twn Neotoyrkwn ta balkanika krath arxisan na anhsyxoyn gia ton ektoyrkismo twn lawn ths balkanikhs. O italotoyrkikos polemos toy 1911 eixe ws apotelesma na epispeyqoyn oi diadikasies poy sodhghsan sth dhmioyrgia metwpoy sta Balkania enantion ths Toyrkias. O polemos edeije oti oi Neotoyrkoi eixan kanei poly liga gia na ayjhsoyn th stratiwtikh toys dynamh kai kentrise tis filodojies twn balkanikwn kratwn kai to aisqhma oti qa htan eykolo na apokthsoyn ta ypoloipa edafh ths Toyrkias sthn Eyrwph, dhladh th Makedonia, th Qrakh kai thn Hpeiro. O k. Konths tonise oti o Benizelos htan aytos poy qa odhgoyse thn Ellada sthn anagennhsh kai prosqese oti ta meionekthmata twn balkanikwn symfwniwn toy 1912 htan h elleich koinhs synqhkhs, ta alyta zhthmata twn edafikwn dianomwn kai h atelhs paradoxh ths arxhs twn eqnothtwn.

    Ejalloy o proedros ths Pagkrhtias Adelfothtas Qessalonikhs, Nikos Papadakhs, epishmane oti ekeino poy mas syndeei ws geitones me tis alles xwres einai isxyrotero apo ayto poy mas xwrizei. "Exoyme koina symferonta kai mporoyme na oikodomhsoyme sterees sxeseis sthrigmenes sta koina mas symferonta. Ola ta zhthmata lynontai kai proypoqesh einai ta qemata na einai yparkta, na apasxoloyn pragmatika toys laoys kai oxi kapoies hgetikes omades poy qeloyn na lysoyn ta eswterika toys problhmata dhmioyrgwntas anyparkta qemata kai diekdikhseis eis baros twn geitonwn toys. Ta mhnymata twn Benizeloy kai Papanastasioy gia diabalkanikh synergasia einai 60 xronia apo ton qanato toys ejairetika zwntana jai epikaira" katelhje.

    Telos o Serbos kaqhghths Milan Protits parathrhse oti toys dyo teleytaioys aiwnes h monh epityxhs synergasia sta Balkania yphrje otan oi laoi htan ypoxrewmenoi na polemhsoyn me kapoion. Symfwna me ton k. Protits to orama mias balkanikhs omospondias h synomospondias paremeine panta eysebhs poqos aytwn poy thn epinohsan. "Ta teleytaia xronia ta balkanika krath yphrjan pio xwrismena para pote " kai ws basikes arxes gia na mporesoyn na enwqoyn proteine thn anaptyjh sygkrisimwn politikwn kai oikonomikwn systhmatwn se sygkekrimenes xwres, thn anaptyjh ths konoboyleytikhs dhmokratias dytikoy typoy stis prwhn sosialistikes xwres kai ton ekdhmokratismo.

    [21] DIESXISA TH GEFYRA THS FILIAS DHLWNEI STO SYMPOSIO H AN. G.D. TOY TOYRKIKOY PRAKTOREIOY EIDHSEWN ANATOLH

    "'Hlqa diasxizontas th gefyra ths filias anamesa sthn ellhnikh kai thn toyrkikh koinwnia, thn gefyra poy egkaqidrysan o Benizelos kai o Atatoyrk mprosta stoys opoioys ypoklinomai" tonise sto xairetismo ths sto symposio gia "Eleyqerios Benizelos - Alejandros Papanastasioy: 60 xronia meta: H idea ths Diabalkanikhs Synergasias" h anaplhrwtria genikh dieyqyntria toy toyrkikoy praktoreioy eidhsewn "Anatolh" k. Mparanzel.

    H k. Mparanzel tonise oti einai anagkh na prajoyme me eilikrinia, qarros kai katanohsh, etsi wste na anoixtoyn neoi orizontes gia thn perioxh kai ta krath mas kai na fanoyme dhmioyrgikoi opws oi progonoi mas.

    H anaplhrwtria genikh dieyqyntria toy toyrkikoy praktoreioy shmeiwse oti o laos ths Toyrkias qewrei toys geitones anwteroys apo aderfoys kai panta prospaqei na toys eyxaristei kai ypenqymise ta baqia filika aisqhmata twn omoeqnwn ths apenanti stoys Ellhnes.

    H k. Mparanzel, h opoia ejefrase thn idiaiterh ikanopoihsh ths gia thn prwtoboylia toy M.P.E., katelhje diatypwnontas thn eyxh ths gia filia kai eirhnh poy qa diarkesei, oxi mono sth perioxh alla kai se oloklhro ton kosmo.

    [22] BALKANIKO ELSINKI PROTEINEI ALBANOS PANEPISTHMIAKOS

    H eirhnh kai h asfaleia sta Balkania qa epiteyxqei mesw ths katanohshs kai ths synergasias kai oxi mesw ths antiparaqeshs, mesw ths allhlepidrashs kai oxi mesw twn apokleismwn tonise sthn omilia toy sto synedrio "El.Benizelos kai Al.Papanastasioy, 60 xronia meta: h idea ths diabalkanikhs synergasias", o kaqhghths toy panepisthmioy twn Tiranwn k.Paskal Milo.

    Opws eipe o k.Milo,ean kapoios paradexqei oti h idea ths balkanikhs katanohshs einai pio pragmatikh apo pote, ara mia anagkh, tote qa katalabei oti prepei na baloyme ena telos stis zhlies kai stis intrigkes mesa kai ejw apo ta Balkania kai na fqasoyme se enan symbibasmo opoy "to kaqe meros prepei na aisqanetai oti kerdizei kati, qysiazontas kati".

    Ta Balkania pote den ypeferan apo elleich prwtoboyliwn alla apo elleich epiqymias na tis yposthrijoyn kai na tis feroyn se peras, eipe o albanos kaqhghths o opoios proteine th sygklish liar dieqnoys diaskechs gia thn eirhnh sta Balkania thn opoia prosdiorise ws ena mini Elsinki to opoio qa deijaxqei ypo thn aigida toy OASE.

    [23] ST.PERRAKHS: H MEGALH PROKLHSH STO TELOS TOY AIWNA EINAI H STAQEROTHTA KAI H SYNERGASIA STIS XWRES THS N.A EYRWPHS KAI THS BALKANIKHS

    "H megalh proklhsh twra sto telos toy aiwna -stis xwres ths N.A Eyrwphs kai ths Balkanikhs- einai h staqerothta kai h synergasia sto xwro ayto. Se ayto to diptyxo epikentrwnetai kai h shmasia ths dimeroys kai polymeroys synergasias poy prepei na anaptyxqei", epishmane kata thn omilia toy o Genikos Grammateas toy ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn, Stelios Perrakhs, sto symposio poy diorganwnei to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn, gia th diabalkanikh synergasia.

    "Oi dieqneis prwtoboylies poy exoyn ws platforma thn EE, alla kai oi eyrwpaikes diadikasies gia kalh geitonia, symballoyn sthn prowqhsh olwn aytwn twn drasthriothtwn poy qa epitrecoyn sthn perioxh thn empedwsh twn allagwn poy exoyn arxisei na pragmatopoioyntai stadiaka stis xwres aytes, toso se nomiko oso kai se politiko kai koinwniko epipedo", tonise o k. Perrakhs.

    "Einai anagkh orismenes arxes na diepoyn th synergasia sxetika me qemata prostasias twn synorwn, kalhs geitonias, edafikhs kyriarxias kai akeraiothtas. Oi arxes poy aforoyn thn eswterikh dhmokratia apoteloyn stoixeia aparaithta gia th dhmioyrgia synqhkwn anaptyjhs. H Ellada poy exei idiaiterh qesh, logw twn symfwniwn me eyrwpaikoys organismoys, mporei kai prepei na diadramatisei ena basiko rolo se aytes tis diadikasies". "Kai gi' ayto", synexise o k. Perrakhs, " se ayto to plaisio twn synergasiwn h se alles morfes perifereiakhs h ypoperifereiakhs synergasias diadramatizei sygkekrimeno rolo, bohqwntas tis geitonikes xwres sthn poreia toys pros toys Eyrwpaikoys Organismoys".

    [24] K. SBOLOPOYLOS: H IDEA THS DIABALKANIKHS SYNERGASIAS OPLISE DRASTIKES PRWTOBOYLIES TOYS DYO TELEYTAIOYS AIWNES

    H idea ths diabalkanikhs synergasias oplise drastikes prwtoboylies kai ejeqrece tolmhroys oramatismoys sthn eyryterh diarkeia twn dyo teleytaiwn aiwnwn, epishmane o kaqhghths Kwnstantinos Sbolopoylos, dieyqynths toy "Idrymatos Kwn. Karamanlh", sthn omilia toy sto symposio toy Makedonikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn gia th diabalkanikh synergasia.

    "Th makra ayth diadromh diatemnei orizontia h isxyrh paroysia kai oi gonimes protaseis poy kateqesan, enallaktika, o A. Papanastasioy kai o E. Benizelos. O entopismos ths xronika parallhlhs prwtoboylias toys sthn periodo metajy twn dyo polemwn synadei toso me thn progenesterh oloklhrwsh ths eqnikhs fysiognwmias twn kratwn ths perioxhs, oso kai me th genikoterh anazhthsh, sto epipedo ths dieqnoys zwhs, meswn kai meqodwn ikanwn na eggyhqoyn th diathrhsh ths eirhnhs kai thn proagwgh ths synergasias metajy twn lawn", eipe o k. Sbolopoylos kai synexise: "An h syneisfora toy Alejandroy Papanastasioy entopizetai ston employtismo ths ideas ths synergasias, xwris amesh omws katajiwsh sto pedio ths praktikhs efarmoghs, h symbolh toy Eleyqerioy Benizeloy, ypeyqynoy xeiristh ths ellhnikhs ejwterikhs politikhs sthn tetraetia 1928-1932 kai kaqoristikoy paragonta sth diamorfwsh ths sth synexeia, ofeilei na apotimhqei me diaforetika krithria.

    An den eixe, apo ta mesa ths dekaetias toy '30, sobara diataraxtei kai telika diarragei to kaqestws ths isorropias twn dynamewn ston eyrwpaiko xwro, den qa htan dyskolo na yposthrixtei oti to systhma twn dimerwn symfwniwn, poy eixe staqera yioqethsei antapokriqhke plhrestera apo kaqe allo sthn epidiwjh na amblynqei h entash stis sxeseis metajy twn balkanikwn kratwn kai na diafylaxtei h eirhnh sthn eyaisqhth ayth gewpolitikh zwnh".

    [25] OI ELLHNES DEN QA EPREPE NA XREIAZONTAI BIZA GIA NA MPOYN STH ROYMANIA DHLWNEI O AKADHMAIKOS, N.TANASOKA

    Th dhmioyrgia enos eniaioy ajona Boykoyrestioy-Aqhnwn- Qessalonikhs, pros thn kateyqynsh ths synergasias kai ths allhloyposthrijhs ths Elladas kai ths Roymanias, proteine milwntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o antiproedros ths Akadhmias Episthmwn ths xwras, Nikolae Tanasoka.

    "Yparxoyn para polles prooptikes synergasias ths Elladas me th Roymania, giati aytes oi dyo xwres exoyn ton idio tropo skechs kai ayto to apodeiknyei to gegonos oti exoyn synergastei me megalh epityxia sto parelqon. Ekanan mazi politikh sthn Eyrwph. Elpizw oi istorikes aytes sxeseis na diathrhqoyn kai sto mellon kai na ejelixqoyn, giati ajizei ton kopo. Sth Roymania, ton dekato ogdoo aiwna, h ellhnikh htan h deyterh glwssa, h glwssa ths paideias", eipe o k.Tanasoka, o opoios brisketai aytes tis hmeres sth Qessalonikh, prokeimenoy na symmetasxei sto diabalkaniko synedrio me qema "El.Benizelos-Al.Papanastasioy, 60 xronia meta: h idea ths diabalkanikhs synergasias", poy diorganwnei to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn. "Oi Ellhnes den qa eprepe na xreiazontai biza gia na mpoyne sth Roymania oyte fysika to antistrofo", symplhrwse o roymanos kaqhghths.

    Oson afora tis shmantikes allages poy dromologhqhkan sth xwra toy o k.Tanasoka eipe xarakthristika: "Twra teleiwse mia oloklhrh epoxh kai einai h wra twn megalwn elpidwn. Einai h prwth fora meta ton qanato toy kommoynismoy poy mia tetoia allagh ginetai xwris bia. Epipleon, h Enwsh twn Dhmokratikwn Kommatwn exei ena sobaro programma kai kyriws th qelhsh na prosferei sth xwra to kalytero dynaton pros thn kateyqynsh ths allaghs. Bebaia h katastash einai pros to paron para poly dyskolh, toso apo oikonomikhs apocews, oso kai genikws, giati prepei na allajei ena oloklhro systhma. Gi'ayton ton logo den mporoyme para na exoyme mia politikh aysthrothtas. To dyskolo einai oti prepei taytoxrona na exoyme pronoia gia ton lao kai na dromologhsoyme thn allagh. Einai o pio dyskolos dromos, alla allos tropos gia na proseggisoyme thn polypoqhth eleyqeria, den yparxei".


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