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MPA NEWS IN GREEK (02/08/1996)

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO EIDHSEWN TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY

Qessalonikh 2 Aygoystoy 1996


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (toy Traianoy Xatzhdhmhtrioy)

[D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II (toy Blash Blasidh)


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] ME FOBERO PANELLHNIO REKOR (87,12) STON TELIKO O GKATSIOYDHS

  • [02] ME STOXO MIA KALH QESH STON TELIKO TOY MHKOYS AGWNIZONTAI STHN OLYMPIADA THS ATLANTA OI B.PATOYLIDOY KAI N.JANQOY

  • [03] G.PAPANTWNIOY: H ELLHNIKH OIKONOMIA DEN PROSFERETAI GIA KINDYNOLOGIA KAI PROSWPIKES EPIQESEIS

  • [04] ANTIKATASTAQHKAN OI DIOIKHTES SE TRAPEZES POY ELEGXONTAI APO TO DHMOSIO

  • [05] EKSYGXRONIZETAI O MEQORIAKOS STAQMOS KAKABIAS

  • [06] DIEQNEIS KAI EQNIKOI AGWNES AYTOKINHTOY KAI MOTOSIKLETAS QA GINONTAI STO AYTOKINHTODROMIO SERRWN

  • [07] MONADA KATASKEYHS STRATIWTIKWN ENDYMATWN DHMIOYRGEITAI STON EBRO

  • [08] ME TIMES ARXIEREA KHDEYETAI O EKPTWTOS MHTROPOLITHS THS LARISAS

  • [09] TON EPITAFIO TOY PERIKLH EKDIDEI SE TESSERIS GLWSSES H BOYLH TWN ELLHNWN

  • [10] ISTORIA TWN OLYMPIAKWN KAI Mc DONALD'S

  • [11] TRIANTA ENNEA PAIDIA THS MOYSOYLMANIKHS MEIONOTHTAS THS QRAKHS EISAGONTAI STA AEI KAI TEI THS XWRAS- QETIKA TA SXOLIA THS MEIONOTHTAS

  • [12] H KARDIA THS QRAKHS QA XTYPHSEI STHN KOMOTHNH 15-19 AYGOYSTOY TO PLAISIO TOY G' PAGKOSMIOY SYNEDRIOY QRAKWN

  • [13] "QELOYME NA MAQOYME ELLHNIKA. STEILTE MAS KAQHGHTES! ", ZHTOYN NEAROI OMOGENEIS FOITHTES


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [14] THN PARATASH THS APAGOREYSHS EJAGWGWN ELLHNIKWN KREATWN APOFASISE H MONIMH KTHNIATRIKH EPITROPH THS E.E.

  • [15] STH LEYKWSIA KRATOYNTAI DYO ELLHNES POY SYNELHFQHSAN APO TOYRKOKYPRIOYS SE QALASSIA PERIOXH THS PAFOY

  • [16] SE DIABHMA PROS THN OYNFIKYP GIA THN APELEYQERWSH TWN ELLHNWN PROEBEI H KYPRIAKH KYBERNHSH

  • [17] GIA THN PARABIASH TWN ANQRWPINWN DIKAIWMATWN TWN KYPRIWN QELOYN NA DIAFWTISOYN TON KOSMO ME THN POREIA TOYS OI MOTOSIKLETISTES

  • [18] EPIKRISEIS THS EPITROPHS METAFORWN THS AMERIKANIKHS GEROYSIAS GIA TA METRA ASFALEIAS TWN AERODROMIWN TWN HPA

  • [19] DHLWSEIS NTEMIREL KAI KINHTIKOTHTA GYRW APO TH SYMFWNIA TERMATISMOY THS APERGIAS PEINAS STIS TOYRKIKES FYLAKES

  • [20] DISTAKTIKOS O ARXIEPISKOPOS ANASTASIOS STHN TOPOQETHSH TRIWN NEWN ELLHNWN MHTROPOLITWN STHN KORYTSA, STHN AYLWNA KAI STO AQCUQOJASTQO

  • [21] PROXWROYN OI DIADIKASIES METAFORAS ALBANWN FYLAKISMENWN APO THN ELLADA STH XWRA TOYS

  • [22] APOFASISMENO GIA ANANEWSH THS "PRABNTA" TO SYGKROTHMA GIANNIKOY - QA KYKLOFORHSEI STIS ARXES SEPTEMBRIOY


  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (toy Traianoy Xatzhdhmhtrioy)

  • [23] AS MILHSOYN LOIPON OI ARIQMOI GIA THN TOYRKIA !


  • [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II (toy Blash Blasidh)

  • [24] POIA EINAI H ALHQEIA GIA TO KINHMA TOY ILINTEN


  • OI EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] ME FOBERO PANELLHNIO REKOR (87,12) STON TELIKO O GKATSIOYDHS

    Me thn prwth bolh, petyxainontas fobero panellhnio rekor, prokriqhke stoys telikoys toy akontismoy, o Ellhnas prwtaqlhths, Kwstas Gkatsioydhs.

    O nearos aqlhths apo ton Ebro, esteile to akontio sta 87,12 metra, poy apotelei mia epidosh pagkosmioy epipedoy, afoy to orio gia thn prokrish stoys telikoys twn Olympiakwn Agwnwn ston akontismo eixe kaqoristei sta 83 metra.

    An epalhqeytei to rhto oti "h kalh mera apo to prwi fainetai", tote dikaiws h Ellada prosdoka mia nea megalh diakrish sto stibo, ystera apo thn ekplhktikh bolh poy petyxe o 22xronos prwtaqlhths mas tis prwines gia thn Atlanta wres.

    [02] ME STOXO MIA KALH QESH STON TELIKO TOY MHKOYS AGWNIZONTAI STHN OLYMPIADA THS ATLANTA OI B.PATOYLIDOY KAI N.JANQOY

    Megalo endiaferon paroysiazoyn shmera oi Olympiakoi Agwnes afoy ston teliko toy mhkoys gynaikwn rixnontai h xrysh Olympionikhs ths Barkelwnhs Boyla Patoylidoy kai h prwtaqlhtria mas Nikh Janqoy, exontas qesei sobarh ypochfiothta kai oi dyo gia mia poly kalh qesh ston teliko.

    Thn prokrish stoys hmitelikoys qa epidiwjei na petyxei shmera h ellhnikh omada ths skytalodromias twn 4x100 metrwn twn andrwn me toys Alejandro Genobelh, Giwrgo Panagiwtopoylo, Alejandros Terzian kai Alejh Alejopoylo. Oi Qwmas Smpwkos kai Xaralampos Papadias briskontai se etoimothta se periptwsh poy xreiastei na bohqhsoyn thn eqnikh omada.

    Dyo akontistes mas oi Kwstas Gkatsioydhs kai Dhmhtrhs Polymeroy mpainoyn sth maxh toy stiboy, me th symmetoxh toys sta prokrimatika toy agwnismatos toys.

    H eqnikh mas omada mpasket stis pente ta jhmerwmata toy Sabbatoy oloklhrwnei thn paroysia ths stoys 26oys Olympiakoys Agwnes antimetwpizontas th Brazilia. Se periptwsh nikhs h ellhnikh omada qa katalabei thn pempth qesh ths diorganwshs.

    Shmera to programma toy stiboy perilambanei eji telikoys. O prwtos einai sto alma epi kontw twn andrwn, ston opoio den qa symmetasxei o Oykranos koryfaios sto eidos aqlhths Sergkei Mpoympka, logw traymatismoy ston axilleio tenonta.

    O epomenos telikos qa einai sth sfairobolia gynaikwn, enw qa akoloyqhsei to mhkos gynaikwn, ta 3.000 metra stipl andrwn kai ta 50.000 metra badhn andrwn. O ektos kai teleytaios telikos einai aytos twn 10.000 metrwn gynaikwn.

    [03] G.PAPANTWNIOY: H ELLHNIKH OIKONOMIA DEN PROSFERETAI GIA KINDYNOLOGIA KAI PROSWPIKES EPIQESEIS

    "H Ellhnikh oikonomia den prosferetai gia kindynologia kai proswpikes epiqeseis" tonise shmera o Ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Oikonomias Giannos Papantwnioy apantwntas se dhlwseis toy Proedroy toy Synaspismoy Nikoy Kwnstantopoyloy o opoios ekane logo gia "argo ryqmo aporrofhshs twn koinotikwn kondyliwn".

    "H Ellhnikh oikonomia exei mpei se staqerh poreia anaptyjhs" ypogrammise o k. Papantwnioy kai prosqese: "h aporrofhtikothta twn koinotikwn kondyliwn to 1996 shmeiwnei entypwsiakh epitaxynsh xarh se seira energeiwn ths kybernhshs". Anaferomenos de stoys stoxoys ths oikonomikhs politikhs, o Ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Oikonomias ypogrammise thn oikonomikh kai nomismatikh enwsh me thn koinothta, thn anabaqmish ths poiothtas zwhs twn politwn kai thn oloklhrwsh twn megalwn ergwn.

    [04] ANTIKATASTAQHKAN OI DIOIKHTES SE TRAPEZES POY ELEGXONTAI APO TO DHMOSIO

    Allages stis dioikhseis twn Trapezwn poy elegxontai apo to Dhmosio anakoinwse to meshmeri o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Dhmhtrhs Reppas.

    O Ypoyrgos Typoy dhlwse oti antikaqistantai oi dioikhtes ths Iwnikhs Trapezas kai ths Trapezas Makedonias - Qrakhs kaqws kai oi ypodioikhtes twn Trapezwn Ellados, ETEBA kai Kthmatikhs.

    Th qesh toy dioikhth ths Ionikhs Panagiwth Korlira katalambanei o mexri twra dieyqynwn Symboylos ths ETEBA Xarhs Stamatopoylos. Th qesh toy k. Stamatopoyloy katalambanei o Trapeziths Dhmhtrhs Paylakhs.

    Sth qesh toy Proedroy ths Trapezas Makedonias - Qrakhs Andrea Mpoymh topoqeteitai o ypodioikhths ths Eqnikhs Trapezas Spyros Koyniakhs. Sthn Kthmatikh meta thn apomakrynsh toy Anastasioy Tzabela th dioikhsh analambanei o ypodioikhths Basilhs Rapanos kai sth qesh toy qa topoqethqei o Nikos Mpertzos, melos ths Epitrophs Kefalaiagoras.

    Sthn Trapeza ths Ellados th qesh toy ypodioikhth ths Trapezas ths Ellados k. Gkoyrakoy katalambanei o Symboylos ths Trapezas kai palaios synergaths toy prwqypoyrgoy Nikos Gkargkanas.

    [05] EKSYGXRONIZETAI O MEQORIAKOS STAQMOS KAKABIAS

    Eginan ta egkainia ths enarjhs ergasiwn gia thn epektash kai eksygxronismo toy Telwneiakoy Staqmoy Kakabias, deyteroy se l]cehor sthn Albania. To ergo qa kostisei synolika 1,8 ekatommyria dolaria, to megalytero meros twn opoiwn diatiqentai apo thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh mesw toy programmatos PHARE.

    Me thn peratwsh toy ergoy qa beltiwqoyn aisqhta oi telwneiakes yphresies Kakabias kai qa antapokrinontai pia stis eyrwpaikes prodiagrafes. Sta egkainia parebreqhke kai antiproswpeia ths Ellhnikhs Telwneiakhs Yphresias. To ergo egkainiase o nomarxhs Argystrokastroy Swkraths Kalybopoylos.

    [06] DIEQNEIS KAI EQNIKOI AGWNES AYTOKINHTOY KAI MOTOSIKLETAS QA GINONTAI STO AYTOKINHTODROMIO SERRWN

    Dieqneis kai eqnikoys agwnes aytokinhtoy kai motosikletas qa filojenei to neo aytokinhtodromio poy prokeitai syntoma na dhmioyrghqei sto nomo Serrwn, me prwtoboylia toy Dhmoy.To sygkekrimeno aytokinhtodromio, to opoio qa einai apolyta symfwno me tis prodiagrafes poy exei qesei h Pagkosmia Omospondia Aytokinhtoy kai Motosikletas, einai to monadiko sthn Ellada meta apo ayto ths Tripolhs poy leitoyrgei omws sto xwro toy aerodromioy ths polhs.

    ¨H dhmioyrgia toy aytokinhtodromioy, apotelei ena ergo anaptyjiako gia thn polh afoy anamenetai na ferei episkeptes s'ayth, na tonwsei thn topikh agora kai na ayjhsei ta esoda sto tameio ths polhs¨ dhlwse sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o dhmarxos Serrwn Iwannhs Blaxos.

    To ergo qa stoixisei peripoy 450.000.000 draxmes, gia thn kalych twn opoiwn syzhteitai toso to endexomeno daneismoy apo trapezes toy eswterikoy kai toy ejwterikoy oso kai to endexomeno aytoxrhmatodothshs.

    Protash toy dhmarxoy poy afora sthn topoqethsh toy ergoy se mia ektash 500 stremmatwn dipla apo to aqlhtiko parko ¨Omonoia¨ stis Serres synanthse arxika kapoies antidraseis poy aforoysan kyriws to problhma ths hxorrypanshs.Wstoso, o k.Blaxos yposthrizei oti h kontinh sidhrodromikh grammh kai h periastikh odos qa leitoyrgoyn ws hxoskepasmata, enw h epilogh enos alloy xwroy qa odhgoyse se anwfelh kaqysterhsh.Gia to aytokinhtodromio ayto, kata ton dhmarxo Serrwn, endiaferqhkan kai alloi Dhmoi ths Elladas opws h Patra, h Larisa, h Rodos k.a., oi opoioi omws steroyntai ths aparaithths ektashs.

    [07] MONADA KATASKEYHS STRATIWTIKWN ENDYMATWN DHMIOYRGEITAI STON EBRO

    Thn idrysh monadas kataskeyhs stratiwtikwn endymatwn, h opoia qa apasxolhsei peripoy 120 ergazomenoys sthn akritikh perioxh toy Trigwnoy, anakoinwse o Ypoyrgos Makedonias-Qrakhs, Filippos Petsalnikos, khryssontas thn enarjh twn ekdhlwsewn ''Politistika Akriteia '96'', poy pragmatopoioyntai sto Tyxero Ebroy, sto plaisio toy programmatos ''Qrakh-Aigaio-Kypros.Eniaios Xwros- Poreia pros to 2000''.

    Th dhmioyrgia ths monadas ayths, shmeiwse o k.Petsalnikos, poy apotelei prwtoboylia toy Anaptyjiakoy Syndesmoy Tyxeroy, xrhmatodotoyn kai sthrizoyn ta ypoyrgeia Eqnikhs Amynas kai Lajedom_ar-Qrakhs, to opoio qa diaqesei to poso twn saranta ekatommyriwn draxmwn, kaqws kai h Nomarxiakh Aytodioikhsh Ebroy.

    Parallhla, to Ypoyrgeio Makedonias-Qrakhs qa xrhmatodothsei me poso 1,5 ekatommyriwn draxmwn to Dhmo Tyxeroy, gia ton eksygxronismo ths Sxolhs Moysikhs kai tis anagkes toy topikoy xoreytikoy sygkrothmatos.

    Anaforika me to programma ''Qrakh-Aigaio-Kypros'' o ypoyrgos tonise oti ''exei stoxo thn endynamwsh twn desmwn stoys tomeis toy politismoy kai genikotera twn sxesewn synergasias kai twn antallagwn kai sto epipedo ths oikonomias, anamesa se aytes tis toso shmantikes gia thn patrida mas perioxes''.

    ''Einai perioxes, oi opoies filodojoyme na apotelesoyn mia oloklhrwmenh enothta'' prosqese o k.Petsalnikos, ekfrazontas thn pepoiqhsh toy oti h prospaqeia ayth qa symbalei sthn enisxysh aytoy toy parameqorioy tojoy, poy paizei kaqoristiko rolo gia thn yperaspish toy Ellhnismoy, apo th Qrakh mexri thn Kypro'', enw ypogrammise pws ''stoxos ths kybernhshs idiaitera stis akritikes perioxes einai na proxwrhsei me gorgoteroys ryqmoys h anaptyjh kai na apotelesei oristiko parelqon h sterhsh toys sthn anaptyjh se ola ta epipeda''.

    [08] ME TIMES ARXIEREA KHDEYETAI O EKPTWTOS MHTROPOLITHS THS LARISAS

    Me times Arxierea khdeyetai ayrio o ekptwtos Mhtropoliths Larisas Qeologos meta apo shmerinh apofash ths Ieras Synodoy poy synhlqe ypo thn proedria toy Arxiepiskopoy Aqhnwn kai pashs Ellados Serafeim.

    Ston ekliponta ierarxh eixe epiblhqei to epitimio ths akoinwnhsias, gegonos poy, symfwna me toys ekklhsiastikoys kanones, den epitrepei thn tafh symfwna me thn xristianikh kai ekklhsiastikh tajh.

    Opws dhlwse o Mhtropoliths Filippwn kai antiproedros ths Synodoy, Prokopios den hrqh to epitimio ths akoinwnhsias wstoso oi arxiereis apofasisan telika "na ginoyn ola kata ta ekklhsiastikws kai kanonikws orizomena, ola osa prosidiazoyn eis arxierea, dhladh na calei kanonika h ejodios akoloyqia".

    [09] TON EPITAFIO TOY PERIKLH EKDIDEI SE TESSERIS GLWSSES H BOYLH TWN ELLHNWN

    Eidikh ekdosh toy Epitafioy toy Periklh sta Ellhnika, Agglika, Gallika kai Germanika prowqei h Boylh twn Ellhnwn prokeimenoy na dianemhqei se jena Koinoboylia kai proswpikothtes. H ekdosh ayth, poy anamenetai na oloklhrwqei entos toy etoys, apotelei ymno sto megaleio ths Aqhnaikhs Dhmokratia,s qa kykloforhsei se 54.000 antitypa synolika kai qa periexei to keimeno arxaio kai se metafrash kata periptwsh.

    Prokeimenoy na ejasfalisqei h ychlh aisqhtikh kai poiothta toy ergoy, poy sto panw meros twn selidwn toy qa eikonizetai se synexh roh qema me th zwforo toy Parqenwna, o proedros ths Boylhs Apostolos Kaklamanhs aneqese thn ekdosh sthn Anwtath Sxolh Kalwn texnwn me ypyqyno gia thn kallitexnikh epimeleia ton prytanh ths swok^r Iwannh Papadakh kai thn filologikh epimeleia twn keimenwn ston kaqhghth Fanh Kakridh.

    To ergo qa synodeyetai apo jexwristo fakelo, o opoios qa periexei antitypa eidika filotexnhqentos xaraktikoy.

    [10] ISTORIA TWN OLYMPIAKWN KAI Mc DONALD'S

    Eytyxws den perase aparathrhth apo mia Ellhnida kaqhghtria gymnasioy, thn Pitsa Gewrgioy, h ermhneia ths istorias twn Olympiakwn poy paroysiase stoys pelates ths h gnwsth etairia xampoyrgkers, Mc Donald's. Me thn eykairia twn Olympiakwn Agwnwn sthn Atlanta, h etairia ayth typwse thn istoria toys apo thn arxaiothta panw ta kalymmata (mats) twn diskwn me toys opoioys serbirei ta proionta ths.

    Symfwna me ta Mc Donald's, loipon, oi agwnes sthn arxaia Ellada ginontan "sto oydetero edafos toy Olympoy" kai oi proponhtes "mastigwnan toys aqlhtes gia na mhn kanoyn atajies" (!).

    H k. Gewrgioy diamartyrhqhke sthn etairia Mc Donald's kai ayth parepemce thn ypoqesh sthn diafhmistikh etairia poy eftiaje ta kalymmata twn diskwn. Me gramma ths sthn k. Gewrgioy, h etairia, xwris na zhthsei sygnwmh gia tis anakribeies, anaferei oti tis plhrofories poy xrhsimopoihse gia thn "istoria" twn Olympiakwn tis phre apo to biblio "The Olympic Spirit: 100 Years of the Games", kapoias Susan Wels. Ekdoths toy biblioy einai h pasignwsth Collins Publishers kai to biblio typwqhke me adeia ths Olympiakhs Epitrophs ths Atlanta, h opoia -profanws- den endiaferqhke na elegjei thn akribeia toy periexomenoy toy.

    H diafhmistikh etairia ths Mc Donald's systhnei sthn diamartyrhqeisa kaqhghtria peraiterw allhlografia na apostalei stoys ekdotes toy biblioy.

    [11] TRIANTA ENNEA PAIDIA THS MOYSOYLMANIKHS MEIONOTHTAS THS QRAKHS EISAGONTAI STA AEI KAI TEI THS XWRAS- QETIKA TA SXOLIA THS MEIONOTHTAS

    Trianta ennea moysoylmanoi kai moysoylmanes ths Qrakhs eisagontai sta AEI kai TEI ths xwras xarh sth dynatothta poy parexei o nomos peri meionotikhs ekpaideyshs me to neo qesmo toy 0,5%, ton opoioy kaqierwse gia prwth fora apo fetos to ypoyrgeio Paideias . Symfwna me stoixeia ths Dieyqynshs Deyterobaqmias Ekpaideyshs toy nomoy Rodophs, eixan dhlwsei symmetoxh stis eisagwgikes ejetaseis 48 moysoylmanoi apofoitoi lykeioy alla telika symmeteixan mono 39.

    H diadikasia ejetashs kai baqmologhshs twn moysoylmanwn einai idia me ekeinh poy afora tis genikes ejetaseis me th diafora oti kata th diadikasia epiloghs twn eisagomenwn stis sxoles twn AEI kai TEI dokimazontai metajy toys gia thn plhrwsh qesewn poy antistoixoyn sto pososto toy 0,5%.

    Melh ths meionothtas sxoliasan qetika thn efarmogh toy neoy qesmoy legontas oti qa apobei pros ofelos twn paidiwn toys. "Einai ena wraio systhma poy apoblepei sthn entajh twn moysoylmanopaidwn sth koinwnia. Alla epeidh den exoyn mexri sticl^r anakoinwqei epishma ta apotelesmata mas exoyn dhmioyrghqei kapoies epifylajeis kai erwthmatika. Pisteyw oti prepei na yparxoyn tetoioy eidoys kinhtra gia ta paidia mas" eipe milwntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o antiproedros toy nomarxiakoy symboylioy Janqhs Axmet Ixsan Kexagia.

    "H eisagwgh twn moysoylmanopaidwn sta AEI kai TEI ths Elladas qa einai pros ofelos ths meionothtas" dhlwse o prwhn boyleyths Rodophs dikhgoros Xasan Imamogloy enw o proedros ths nomarxiakhs epitroph Ypodomwn kai Periballontos Rodophs Axmet Mexmet xarakthrise to neo qesmo ws to kalytero dwro poy qa mporoyse na prosferqei sth meionothta.

    Anamenetai oti me thn efarmogh tpy neoy metroy ta moysoylmanopaida qa protimoyn na spoydazoyn sta ellhnika panepisthmia anti gi ayta ths Toyrkias opoy oi eisagwgikes ejetaseis exoyn dyskolecei ta teleytaia xronia.

    [12] H KARDIA THS QRAKHS QA XTYPHSEI STHN KOMOTHNH 15-19 AYGOYSTOY TO PLAISIO TOY G' PAGKOSMIOY SYNEDRIOY QRAKWN

    H kardia ths Qrakhs, sta mesa toy Aygoystoy, qa xtyphsei gia pente oloklhres meres sth Komothnh sto plaisio toy G'Pagkosmioy Synedrioy Qrakwn. Qemata poy aforoyn ton apodhmo qrakiko ellhnismo, tis dynatothtes ependysewn sthn paramelhmenh ayth perioxh ths xwras, tis sxeseis me tis Balkanikes kai Pareyjeinies xwres, to emporio kai th biomhxania, th gewrgia, ta diktya ypodomhs, ta megala erga ton toyrismo kai ton politismo qa erqoyn sthn epikairothta mesa apo tis ergasies toy synedrioy apo tis 15 mexri tis 19 Aygoystoy.

    To synedrio qa jekinhsei anhmera ths Koimhsews ths Qeotokoy me to kaqierwmeno proskynhma sthn Panagia thn Kosmoswteira stis Feres enw oi ergasies qa arxisoyn thn epomenh hmera poy qa einai afierwmenh ston apodhmo qrakiko ellhnismo kai kyrios o omilhths qa einai o prwhn yfypoyrgos ejwterikwn Grhgorhs Niwths.

    H trith hmera toy synedrioy qa einai afierwmenh sth Qrakh se sxesh me to Aigaio, thn Kypro, ta Balkania kai tis Pareyjeinieis xwres kaqws epishs kai to plhqysmiako enw omilhtes qa einai o kaqhthths toy Dhmokriteioy Panepisthmioy Qrakhs Krateros Iwannoy, o tews presbhs Qemos Stoforopoylos kai o dieqynths toy nosokomeioy toy Eryqroy Stayroy Xaralampos Mastrogiannhs.

    Qemata poy aptontai toy politismoy , ths istorias, ths toyristikhs anaptyjhs kai toy Dhmokriteioy Panepisthmioy Qrakhs qa anaptyxqoyn thn tetarth mera toy synedrioy apo ton symboylo toy ypoyrgoy Paideias Periklh Nearxoy, ton kaqhghth toy panepisthmioy Aigaioy Apostolo Parpairh kai ton prytanh toy Dhmokriteioy Panepisthmioy kai G.G.Apodhmoy Ellhnismoy Iwannh Panoysh.

    H teleytaia hmera toy synedrioy qa einai afierwmenh sth gewrgia, thn kthnotrofia thn alieia, to emporio, th biomhxania ta diktya ypodomhs kai ta megala erga me omilhtes ton anaplhrwth kaqhghth xhmeias Mosxo Polysioy, ton proedro toy Syndesmoy Biomhxaniwn Boreioy Ellados Niko Eyqymiadh kai ton anaplhrwth kaqhghth toy oikonomikoy panepisthmioy Aqhnwn Kwsta Gatsio.

    Sto plaisio twn parallhlwn ekdhlwsewn programmatizetai hmerida enhmerwshs Germanwn ependytwn poy endiaferontai gia th Hq\jg. Parallhla qa pragmatopoihqei plhqos politistikwn ekdhlwsewn kaqws kai perihghseis se arxaiologikoys xwroys.

    [13] "QELOYME NA MAQOYME ELLHNIKA. STEILTE MAS KAQHGHTES! ", ZHTOYN NEAROI OMOGENEIS FOITHTES

    "Qeloyme na maqoyme ellhnika. Steilte mas kaqhghtes", zhtoyn apo thn ellhnikh politeia oi omogeneis foithtes apo ennea xwres poy symmetexoyn sto ekpaideytiko programma "Makedonia-Qrakh" (ypoprogramma toy programmatos "Filojenia"), to opoio diorganwnei h Genikh Grammateia Neas Genias se synergasia me to Kentro kai to Sxoleio Ellhnikhs Glwssas. To meshmeri oi nearoi omogeneis synanthqhkan me ton ypoyrgo Makedonias-Qrakhs, Filippo Petsalniko, me ton opoio syzhthsan gia ta problhmata poy antimetwpizoyn sthn prospaqeia toys na diathrhsoyn thn ellhnikh glwssa kai politismo stis xwres diamonhs toys (HPA, Kanada, Gewrgia, Aystralia, Dania, Tsexia, Syria, Roymania kai Oykrania).

    Oi nearoi omogeneis dhlwnoyn oti to sygkekrimeno programma toys bohqhse na gnwristoyn kalytera me thn ellhnikh glwssa, alla kai me thn xwra, xarh stis episkeceis poy pragmatopoihsan se arxaiologikoys kai alloys xwroys istorikoy endiaferontos ths Boreias Elladas.

    Opws eipan sto MPE, kalo qa htan ta programmata ayta na pragmatopoioyntai pio syxna. Shmantikotero, omws, olwn, dhlwsan xarakthristika , einai h ellhnikh politeia na merimnhsei gia th dhmioyrgia ellhnikwn sxoleiwn stis xwres diamonhs toy Ellhnismoy, opoy ayta ekleipoyn.

    "Otan erxomai edw aisqanomai jenh, giati den katalabainw sxedon kaqoloy th glwssa. Qelw na ginoyn sxoleia. H nea genia qeloyme na maqainoyme ellhnika", dhlwse h 22xronh Ralnta Pajimadh apo th Syria, foithtria Gallikhs Filologias. To na parameineis Ellhnas sth Syria, opws prosqetei, einai idiaitera dyskolo. Yparxoyn megales diafores ston tropo zwhs.

    "Prwta apo ola qelw na mas steiloyne kaqhghtes, gia na maqoyme ellhnika. Osoi yparxoyn einai poly hlikiwmenoi. Egw emaqa apo ta biblia monh moy. Yparxoyn neoi Ellhnes sth Roymania, poy qeloyn na maqoyn ellhnika, alla einai poly dyskolo na to kataferoyn", prosqetei h 20xronh Elenh Xatzikoy apo to Boykoyresti, apofoitos toy Paidagwgikoy Lykeioy ths roymanikhs prwteyoysas, h opoia qelei na synexisei tis spoydes ths sthn Ellada. To programma, symfwna me thn Elenh, th bohqhse na ploytisei tis gnwseis ths shmantika.

    Na diathrei, omws, kaneis thn ellhnikh toy taytothta den einai eykolo oyte se xwres, opoy to ellhniko stoixeio tygxanei kalyterhs moiras, opws epishmainei o 21xronos Stayros Apostoloy, apo thn Oytrexth ths Ollandias. "To programma me bohqhse ligo. Qa htan kalo, omws, na epanalambanotan. H Ellada prepei na diathrhsei thn epafh ths me toys Ellhnes toy ejwterikoy. Apo ekei kai pera, bebaia, ejartatai kai apo ton kaqena mas, kata poso qelei na diathrhsei thn ellhnikothta toy".


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [14] THN PARATASH THS APAGOREYSHS EJAGWGWN ELLHNIKWN KREATWN APOFASISE H MONIMH KTHNIATRIKH EPITROPH THS E.E.

    Thn paratash twn perioristikwn metrwn gia tis ejagwges apo thn Ellada kreatwn, paragwgwn toys kai mh pasteriwmenwn galaktokomikwn proiontwn, logw twn kroysmatwn afqwdoys pyretoy ston Ebro, apofasise h Monimh Kthniatrikh Epitroph ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs.

    H paratash ths apagoreyshs qa isxysei toylaxiston mexri thn epomenh synedriash ths Epitrophs poy qa pragmatopoihqei gyrw sta telh Aygoystoy me arxes Septembrioy. Sto diasthma poy qa mesolabhsei, omada koinotikwn empeirognwmonwn qa episkefqei thn perioxh toy Ebroy wste na ektimhsei thn katastash.

    Th diafwnia ths gia thn apofash ths Kthniatrikhs Epitrophs ths Koinothtas ejefrase, me anakoinwsh ths, h ellhnikh antiproswpeia. Sthn anakoinwsh ekfrazetai h lyph ths antiproswpeias ths xwras mas gia to gegonos oti den egine dekth h eishghsh ths na arqoyn ta perioristika metra gia to synolo ths ellhnikhs epikrateias kai na isxysoyn mono gia thn perioxh toy Ebroy.

    [15] STH LEYKWSIA KRATOYNTAI DYO ELLHNES POY SYNELHFQHSAN APO TOYRKOKYPRIOYS SE QALASSIA PERIOXH THS PAFOY

    Sth Leykwsia kratoyntai dyo Ellhnes, oi opoioi synelhfqhsan xqes to apogeyma sth qalassia perioxh ths Pafoy.

    Opws egine gnwsto, oi Aqanasios Stalikas 48 xronwn kai Dhmhtrhs Gkotshs 35 xronwn katoikoi Parisioy, enw ekanan bolta me taxyploo exasan ton prosanatolismo toys kai breqhkan sthn perioxh twn Kokkinwn, opoy kai synelhfqhsan apo toys Toyrkokyprioys.

    Symfwna me plhrofories apo thn OYNFIKYP, o enas apo toys dyo omogeneis metaferqhke me to elikoptero panw se foreio.

    [16] SE DIABHMA PROS THN OYNFIKYP GIA THN APELEYQERWSH TWN ELLHNWN PROEBEI H KYPRIAKH KYBERNHSH

    Diabhmata pros th dieqnh eirhneytikh dynamh gia thn apeleyqerwsh twn dyo Ellhnwn yphkown poy aphxqhsan xqes apo toys Toyrkoys sth qalassia perioxh twn Kokkinwn sth boreiodytikh Kypro proebhsan h Kypriakh kybernhsh kai h Ellhnikh presbeia sth Leykwsia.

    Opws dhlwse shmera o ekproswpos ths Kypriakhs kybernhshs Giannakhs Kasoylidhs oi Aqanasios Salikas, 48 etwn kai Dhmhtrhs Gkotshs 35 etwn eixan xasei ton prosanatolismo toys kai mh gnwrizontas thn perioxh proseggisan thn perioxh Kokkinwn opoy aphxqhsan apo ta katoxika strateymata.

    "H kypriakh kybernhsh brisketai se synexh epafh me thn eirhneytikh dynamh, to idio kai o presbhs ths Elladas kai kataballontai prospaqeies gia thn amesh apeleyqerwsh toys" eipe o k. Kasoylidhs.

    [17] GIA THN PARABIASH TWN ANQRWPINWN DIKAIWMATWN TWN KYPRIWN QELOYN NA DIAFWTISOYN TON KOSMO ME THN POREIA TOYS OI MOTOSIKLETISTES

    "Me thn poreia poy qa kanoyn oi motosikletistes, qeloyn na diafwtisoyn olo ton kosmo gia thn parabiash twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn kai basikwn eleyqeriwn olwn twn Kypriwn".

    Th dhlwsh ayth ekane se dhmosiografoys sto Berolino o proedros ths Kypriakhs Omospondias Motosikletistwn Giwrgos Xatzhkwstas, anaferomenos toso sto problhma ths Kyproy, oso kai ston eirhniko xarakthra ths poreias.

    Shmera to prwi oi motosikletistes sygkentrwqhkan sthn afethria ths megalhs antikatoxikhs poreias sto Berolino, mesa se idiaitera filikh atmosfaira. Xwristhkan se omades kai afoy orisan arxhgoys, toys dianemhqhkan mployzakia kai kypriakes shmaies.

    Sthn poreia symmetexoyn atoma apo thn Ellada, th Finlandia, th Germania, thn Agglia, th Gallia kai thn Aystria oi opoioi ekfrazoyn th qermh yposthrijh toys gia thn ekdhlwsh.

    Prospaqeies omws ginontai h poreia na perasei apo th Roymania kai th Boylgaria, anti mesw ths prwhn Gioygkoslabias, opws eixe programmatistei.

    [18] EPIKRISEIS THS EPITROPHS METAFORWN THS AMERIKANIKHS GEROYSIAS GIA TA METRA ASFALEIAS TWN AERODROMIWN TWN HPA

    Kathgorhmatika dieceyse o Amerikanos Ypoyrgos Metaforwn Federico Penna, tis plhrofories poy dhmosieyontai sto periodiko Time, symfwna me tis opoies h tajidiwtikh odhgia gia to aerodromio ths Aqhnas egine katopin piesews toy Leykoy Oikoy.H topoqethsh ayth toy k.Penna, egine me aformh thn erwthsh toy Geroysiasth toy Repoymplikanikoy Kommatos,John McCain, kata th diarkeia twn akroasewn ths Epitrophs Emporioy, Episthmwn kai Metaforwn ths Geroysias.

    O k. Penna, tonise oti yphrje synergasia metajy toy Ypoyrgeioy toy kai toy aerodromioy Aqhnwn kaqws kai oti h tajidiwtikh proeidopoihsh egine meta apo systash ths Epitrophs ths Federal Aviation Administration, h opoia episkefqhke thn Aqhna kai diapistwse oti ta metra asfaleias toy aerodromioy antapokrinotan sta dieqnh protypa.

    Oi syzhthseis ths Epitrophs, epikentrwqhkan kyriws sta qemata asfaleias twn aerodromiwn kai stoys tropoys beltiwshs toys, enw aysthrh kritikh askhqhke sthn Federal Aviation Administration, giati para tis systaseis poy ths exoyn ginei epi seira etwn, den beltiwse ta metra ayta, oyte jekinhse tis diadikasies eksygxronismoy twn pepalaiwmenwn mhxanhmatwn twn amerikanikwn aerodromiwn.

    [19] DHLWSEIS NTEMIREL KAI KINHTIKOTHTA GYRW APO TH SYMFWNIA TERMATISMOY THS APERGIAS PEINAS STIS TOYRKIKES FYLAKES

    Sto qema ths apergias peinas stis toyrkikes fylakes anaferqhke o proedros Ntemirel dhlwnontas stoys Toyrkoys dhmosiografoys oti o idios stenoxwreitai perissotero gia aytoys pou peqainoyn stis fylakes.O Toyrkos proedros symplhrwse ¨Egw den qelw na matwsei h myth kanenos. Akomh ki an kapoios einai katadikasmenos se qanato, den qa prepei na peqanei stis fylakes.Oi anqrwpoi poy einai stis fylakes briskontai ypo thn eggyhsh toy kratoys.H katastash stis fylakes den einai shmerino problhma kai den mporei eykola na jeperastei.Qa parei kapoio xrono¨.

    Symfwna me dhmosieyma ths efhmeridas ¨Tzoymxoyriet¨, h ekqesh poy etoimazei to toyrkiko Ypoyrgeio Dikaiosynhs sxetika me thn apergia peinas stis fylakes qa dianemhqei stis presbeies sthn Agkyra, enw h ¨Epitroph Parakoloyqhshs twn Fylakwn¨ poy exei skopo thn parakoloyqhsh twn ejelijewn gia thn epilysh twn problhmatwn stis fylakes synedriase gia prwth fora kai ejeleje ws proedro ths ton syggrafea Giasar Kemal.

    O Ypoyrgos Dikaiosynhs ths Toyrkias Sebket Kazan, symfwna me ton toyrkiko Typo, dhlwse oti apofasisthke na systaqoyn ¨kinhta¨ dikasthria kratikhs asfaleias gia na termatizontai se syntomo xroniko diasthma oi dikes poy ginontai sta hdh yparxonta dikasthria kratikhs asfaleias.

    Ejalloy, th diafwnia toy gia th xrhsimopoihsh dialogoy sto Koyrdiko qema, opws se ayto twn toyrkikwn fylakwn, ejefrase stoys Toyrkoys dhmosiografoys o proedros Ntemirel, dhlwnontas oti prokeitai gia dyo diaforetika qemata kai prosqese ¨Prokeitai gia foniades poy skotwnoyn aqwoys.To kratos den mporei na pei s'aytoys poy skotwnoyn stratiwtes, astynomikoys kai mwra ¨elate na syzhthsoyme¨.Ti mporeite na syzhthsete m'aytoys poy probainoyn se tetoies energeies;Den mporeite na aplwsete klado elaias stoys foniades¨.

    [20] DISTAKTIKOS O ARXIEPISKOPOS ANASTASIOS STHN TOPOQETHSH TRIWN NEWN ELLHNWN MHTROPOLITWN STHN KORYTSA, STHN AYLWNA KAI STO ARGYROKASTRO

    Distaktikos sthn topoqethsh triwn newn Ellhnwn mhtropolitwn sthn Korytsa, sthn Aylwna kai sto Argyrokastro, feretai symfwna me thn albanikh efhmerida ''Koxa Gion'' na einai o Arxiepiskopos Tiranwn kai pashs Albanias, Anastasios.

    Opws anaferei h efhmerida, o Arxiepiskopos Anastasios, dikaiologei to distagmo toy, me to fobo antidrasewn, analogwn me aytes poy eixe prokalesei prin apo tessera xronia, o diorismos toy, sto ajiwma toy Arxiepiskopoy.

    H ''Koxa Gion'' epishmainei pws o Makariotatos, tonizei akomh oti o idios ''tassetai yper toy dialogoy me tis albanikes arxes''.

    O arqrografos Ilir Mpamparamo, shmeiwnei pantws pws ''stis shmerines synqhkes sthn Albania, opoy to kaqeti poy kineitai elegxetai apo ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias, ekeinos poy qa topoqethqei amesa h emmesa me to qema einai o Proedros Mperisa, o opoios twra brisketai se diakopes''.

    Ypogrammizei de pws einai dyskolo na problecei kaneis th stash poy qa thrhsei o Mperisa, kanontas anafora stis teleytaies diakymanseis poy shmeiwqhkan stis ellhnoalbanikes diplwmatikes sxeseis gia to qema toy ellhnoamerikanikoy lompi.

    H efhmerida katalhgei ektimwntas pws h kalyterh energeia twn Tiranwn kai ths Aqhnas qa einai h mh anameijh toys sta qemata ths hqgsje_ar.

    [21] PROXWROYN OI DIADIKASIES METAFORAS ALBANWN FYLAKISMENWN APO THN ELLADA STH XWRA TOYS

    Sthn kinhtopoihsh ths albanikhs pleyras gia thn oloklhrwsh ths diadikasias poy afora sth metagwgh twn Albanwn fylakismenwn apo thn Ellada, anaferetai se dhmosieyma ths h albanikh filokybernhtikh eqnikistikh efhmerida ''Almpania''.

    H efhmerida metajy allwn, gnwstopoiei th systash eidikoy dikastikoy swmatos poy qa asxolhqei me thn ejetash twn fakelwn twn metanastwn kai eidikotera twn fylakwn ths Larisas. Epishmainei de oti o ariqmos twn Albanwn poy zhthsan na metaferqoyn apo ellhnikes fylakes se albanikes, anerxetai se eptakosioys.

    [22] APOFASISMENO GIA ANANEWSH THS "PRABNTA" TO SYGKROTHMA GIANNIKOY - QA KYKLOFORHSEI STIS ARXES SEPTEMBRIOY

    Sigoyroi oti to argotero se ena mhna h istorikh efhmerida "Prabnta", poy eixe idryqei to 1912 apo ton Blantimir Ilits Lenin, ta problhmata me to proswpiko toy sygkrothmatos, idiaitera toys syntaktes, qa exoyn epilyqei kai h efhmerida qa epanakykloforhsei me ananewmenh morfh alla kai domh dhlwnoyn oi adelfoi Giannikoy, ekdotes kai idiokthtes ths efhmeridas. Parallhla tonizoyn oti dhmosieymata, opws ayto ths ollandikhs efhmeridas De Volkskrant, symfwna me ta opoia stoxos twn idiokthtwn ths "Prabnta" einai h epikentrwsh sto ejhs se qemata, opws egklhma, sej kai moda, einai apokyhmata ths fantasias twn dysaresthmenwn ekeinwn apo tis epeikeimenes allages syntaktwn ths efhmeridas, poy den epiqymoyn na sygxrotistoyn me ton tropo leitoyrgias mias idiwtikhs epixeirhshs.

    Se dhlwseis toy sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o k. Staqhs Giannikos, (o nearoteros twn triwn adelfwn-idiokthtwn, symboylos epi twn ejwterikwn sxesewn toy sygkrothmatos, kai dieyqynths ths omogeneiakhs efhmeridas "Akropolh", poy ekdidoyn apo ton Aprilio oi adelfoi Giannikoy sth Rwsia), tonise oti h "Prabnta", h kykloforia ths opoias stamathse thn prohgoymenh ebdomada, qa epanakykloforhsei se kaqhmerinh bash to argotero stis arxes Septembrioy, ananewmenh sto sxhma, alla kai sth domh leitoyrgias ths.

    Kaqhmerinh prokeitai, symfwna me ton k. Gianniko, na einai kata pasa piqanothta apo to Septembrio kai h kykloforia ths "Prabnta 5", ths ebdomadiaias dhladh ekdoshs toy ekdotikoy sygkrothmatos Giannikoy (ekdidotan kaqe Paraskeyh), h opoia apo th stigmh poy stamathse h ekdosh ths "Prabnta", kykloforei se kaqhmerinh bash gia na kalycei tis anagkes enhmerwshs toy rwsikoy koinoy.

    O qorybos poy exei proklhqei sxetika me thn paysh ths kykloforias ths efhmeridas, symfwna me toys idiokthtes ofeiletai sth syntaktikh omada ths efhmeridas, h opoia den epi-qymei thn efarmogh twn allagwn poy h idiokthsia programmatize edw kai kairo, prin apo tis rwsikes ekloges, kai stis opoies perilambanetai kai drastikh perikoph toy proswpikoy.

    "Den qeloyn na prosarmostoyn sta dytika protypa ergasias stis sygxrones efhmerides. Einai synolika 70 dhmosiografoi kai syntaktes kai h efhmerida kykloforei me ylh mono tessarwn selidwn. Otan toys zhthsame na ayjhsoyn thn paragwgh, wste na ayjhqoyn oi selides ths efhmeridas, arnhqhkan. Qeloyn na exoyn tesseris mhnes diakopes to xrono kai genika na ergazontai me tis idies synqhkes, poy isxyan otan h efhmerida htan kratiko meso enhmerwshs", dhlwse o k. Giannikos. Stoys idioys anqrwpoys apodidei to ekdotiko sygkrothma kai tis fhmes peri qematologias ths anaewmenhs "Prabnta", poy qa epikentrwnetai sth moda, to sej kai to egklhma. "H "Prabnta 5", poy kykloforei twra kaqhmerina, einai apo tis pleon sobares efhmerides", antilegei stis fhmes o k. Giannikos. Shmeiwnetai oti h syntaktikh omada ths "Prabnta 5" apoteleitai apo 11 atoma.

    Thn antidrash ths syntaktikhs omadas ths "Prabnta", symfwna me ton nearotero twn adelfwn Giannikoy, exei prokalesei kai h megalh epityxia toy sygkrothmatos ton teleytaio enamisi xrono. "Ton Aprilio toy 1995 ekdosame thn "Prabnta 5", to Martio toy 1996 thn aqlhtikh "Mpalelsik ("Filaqlos") kai ton Aprilio toy 1996 thn "Akropolh". Oles phgainoyn poly kala, gegonos poy kanei toys syntaktes ths "Prabnta" na niwqoyn oti klonizetai h qesh toys. Prepei, omws, kapote na katalaboyn oti den einai kratikoi ypallhloi. Den einai nomenklatoyra. Einai dhmosiografoi, opws kai oloi oi ypoloipoi se oloklhro ton kosmo".


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA I (toy Traianoy Xatzhdhmhtrioy)

    [23] AS MILHSOYN LOIPON OI ARIQMOI GIA THN TOYRKIA !

    H apergia peinas mporei na elhje stis toyrkikes fylakes, opoy omws ejakoloyqoyn na epikratoyn synqhkes poy qymizoyn to "Ejpres toy mesonyktioy".

    Oi 12 qanatoi kratoymenwn meta apo 69 meres maxhs me to qanato, h krisimh h kwmatwdhs katastash panw apo 60 apergwn, h apofash twn 314 politikwn kratoymenwn na synexisoyn thn apergia ws to telos kai h prosxwrhsh sthn apergia peinas (''nhsteia qanatoy'', thn onomase o toyrkikos Typos) 10.000 (!) Koyrdwn kratoymenwn, odhghsan th nea toyrkikh kybernhsh sthn apofash na diapragmateyqei me toys apergoys kai na ypoxwrhsei ws ena baqmo apo tis sklhres qeseis ths poy yperaspize ws to telos o armodios Ypoyrgos Dikaiosynhs, Sebket Kazan.

    H kybernhsh Ermpakan odhghqhke bebaiws sto symbibasmo, afoy oi antidraseis stis toyrkikes fylakes epektaqhkan se 38 eparxies (sthn Toyrkia yparxoyn 562 fylakes) kai afoy arxise na trizei h symfwnia gia xrhmatodothseis apo thn EE kai mesw ths synqhkhs Telwneiakhs Enwshs kai mesw ths Eyrwpaikhs Trapezas Ependysewn.

    H ejegersh twn kratoymenwn ofeiletai sth synexh kakopoihsh, ta basanisthria kai th metafora toys makria apo tis perioxes poy katagontai kai toys syggeneis toys. Epishs, apaitoysan na kleisei oristika to ''Feretro'', opws onomazoyn oi kratoymenoi th fylakh ycisths asfaleias sto Eski Sexir, sthn Kentrikh Toyrkia.

    Sthn Toyrkia yparxoyn 52.000 fylakismenoi, ek twn opoiwn, toylaxiston, 9.000 einai politikoi kratoymenoi gia toys opoioys up\qwei h ypocia oti anhkoyn se diafores mikres omades ths ejtremistikhs aristeras. Kai monon h ypocia mporei na odhghsei se fylakish 18 etwn. To ena trito, omws, twn fylakismenwn perimenoyn akomh na ginei h dikh toys.

    ''Oi fylakes mas einai xeiroteres apo thn kolash'', lene tria apo ta perissotero gnwsta proswpa sthn Toyrkia se mia koinh dhlwsh. Prokeitai gia to moysiko Zulfu Livaneli, to neo kai poly gnwsto syggrafea Orhan Pamuk kai to megalytero dieqnws anagnwrismeno synadelfo toy, Yassar Kemal.

    Gia na petyxoyn loipon dikaiwmata ''sthn kolash'', htan anagkaios enas hrwikos agwnas. Kai ayto pro twn pylwn toy 21oy aiwna, se mia xwra melos toy NATO, (h opoia isxyrizetai oti ergazetai gia thn eirhnh kai thn symbiwsh ston kosmo), kai se ena kratos poy tygxanei kalhs metaxeirishs apo thn E.E h opoia ejarthse tis sxeseis me thn Toyrkia apo to sebasmo ths pros ta anqrwpina dikaiwmata.

    Oti sthn Toyrkia yparxei elleimma eleyqeriwn einai eyrews gnwsto. De menei para na qymhqoyme oti prin apo peripoy ena xrono toyrkiko dikasthrio gia thn eqnikh asfaleia zhtoyse thn poinh toy qanatoy gia oktw boyleytes poy kathgorhqhkan epeidh yperaspisqhkan ta dikaiwmata toy koyrdikoy laoy poy toys ejeleje.

    Polloi syndikalistes, emporoi, dikhgoroi, eirhnistes, dhmosiografoi, opws epishs kai alloi antipaloi toy kaqestwtos exoyn apaxqei apo ta spitia toys kai qewroyntai ''ejafanisqentes'',(Ntesaparesidos, oi agnooymenoi, opws exei dieqnws kaqierwqei na legontai meta thn argentinikh politikh twn mazikwn ejafanisewn), enw kratoyntan apo thn astynomia.

    H kybernhsh kai h astynomia panta epimenoyn na arnoyntai thn anameijh toys stis syllhceis para toys aytoptes martyres. Kakopoihseis kai basanisthria twn kratoymenwn den syzhtoyntai.

    Kai ola ayta th stigmh poy h diafqora yparxei s'ola ta epipeda ths politikhs zwhs kai ths dioikhshs, th stigmh poy o qrhskeytikos fontamentalismos kaqorizei se megalo baqmo thn politikh pragmatikothta. O polemos me toys Koyrdoys epekteinetai se megales perioxes ths xwras, ( o ''polemos kata ths tromokratias'', symfwna me tis ekfraseis twn epishmwn ths Toyrkias). Ayto to ypostrwma einai poy prokalese ta gegonota stis toyrkikes fylakes.

    Den htan dynato h toyrkikh kybernhsh na labei tis apofaseis poy eqesan telos sthn apergia peinas, prin apo merikoys mhnes; Qa mporoysan na apofeyxqoyn oi dwdeka qanatoi kai oi synepeies poy qa koybaloyn sth zwh toys dekades apergoi peinas. H dieqnhs koinothta de mporoyse na piesei grhgorotera; H antidrash kai oxi h adiaforia twn politwn qa bohqhsei wste h istoria na mhn epanalhfqei.


    [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA II (toy Blash Blasidh)

    [24] POIA EINAI H ALHQEIA GIA TO KINHMA TOY ILINTEN

    H hgesia kai oi katoikoi ths prwhn Gioygkoslabikhs Dhmokratias ths Makedonias, giortazoyn shmera, 2 Aygoystoy, ta 93 xronia apo thn ejegersh toy Hlinten sth Makedonia. Gia to neoteykto ayto kratos h ejegersh toy Hlinten, qewreitai ws to gnhsio apeleyqerwtiko kinhma tgr "makedonikhs eqnothtas", h Eswterikh Makedonikh Epanastatikh Organwsh poy to diorganwse apotelei th dikh toy Filikh Etaireia kai oi idrytes ths qewroyntai katajiwmenoi eqnikoi hrwes. Thn idia stigmh oi Boylgaroi qewroyn thn EMEO kaqara boylgarikh organwsh kai to kinhma toy Hlinten meros ths istorias toys. Poy brisketai h alhqeia kai poy to cema kai h propaganda;

    To apogeyma ths 3hs Noembrioy toy 1893 sygkentrwqhkan sto spiti toy Xristo Mpatatzief sth Qessalonikh, o Ntame Gkroyef, o Pere Poparswf, o Anton Dhmhtrwf, o Xrhsto Tatartzef kai o Iban Xatzhnikolwf. Karpos ths synanthshs ayths htan h idrysh ths Eswterikhs Makedonikhs Epanastatikhs Organwshs (EMEO), h opoia emele, me ton ena h ton allo tropo, na ephreasei tis politikes ejelijeis sta Balkania gia miso peripoy aiwna, enw ta oramata ths akomh kai shmera ejakoloyqoyn na sygkinoyn orismenoys politikoys kykloys stis geitonikes mas xwres.

    Oi nearoi synomwtes -ektos toy Xatzhnikolwf- oloi htan katw twn 30 etwn, katagontan apo poleis kai xwria ths Makedonias, alla logw twn anwterwn spoydwn toys, kyriws sth Sofia alla kai sth dytikh Eyrwph, eixan egkairws myhqei sth boylgarikh epanastatikh ideologia kai sto sosialismo. Oloi toys epiqymoysan thn apeleyqerwsh ths Makedonias apo ton toyrkiko zygo kai anhsyxoysan gia thn proodo poy shmeiwne h ellhnikh kai h serbikh ekpaideysh stoys slabofwnoys plhqysmoys, alla ta sxedia toys gia thn mellontikh ths tyxh htan akomh sygkexymena.

    Stis arxes toy 1894 kaqoristhke o akribhs skopos ths organwshs. Katelhjan loipon, opws fainetai apo tis phges, sthn epidiwjh ths aytonomias ths Makedonias kai sth synexh enisxysh toy boylgarikoy stoixeioy, me thn elpida eite ths makroproqesmhs enwshs me th Boylgaria eite toylaxiston ths symmetoxhs se omospondia balkanikwn kratwn. H organwsh eixe kaqara boylgariko xarakthra, kaqws ta arqra 2 kai 3 toy katastatikoy pronooysan gia th symmetoxh ston agwna, monon toy "boylgarikoy laoy" ths Makedonias kai ths Adrianoypolhs, (dhl. ths Qrakhs). Sygkekrimena orizotan oti "melos ths organwshs mporoyse na ginei kaqe Boylgaros anejarthtws fyloy poy den diwkotan gia kapoio adikhma, efoson orkizotan gia thn apeleyqerwsh twn Boylgarwn twn parapanw perioxwn". Epipleon to arqro 2 kaloyse ta epanastatika komitata na afypnisoyn th boylgarikh syneidhsh toy plhqysmoy, na diadwsoyn tis epanastatikes idees, eite mesw toy Typoy, eite proforika, kai na proetoimasoyn thn epanastash, h opoia omws antimetwpizotan ws makrinh prooptikh.

    To aplwma kai h wrimansh ths organwshs ws epanastatikoy mhxanismoy se oloklhrh th Makedonia, oysiastika katw apo thn politikh kai oikonomikh aigida toy boylgarikoy kratoys, odhghse se nea anaqewrhsh twn katastatikwn keimenwn pente xronia argotera. H organwsh pleon epixeiroyse -typika toylaxiston- na enwsei sto onoma ths aytonomias oloys toys katapiesmenoys ths Eyrwpaikhs Toyrkias kai oxi monon toys Boylgaroys, opws arxika eixe prospaqhsei. Melh sto ejhs qa mporoysan na einai "kaqe Makedonas kai Adrianoypoliths", o opoios plhroyse oses proypoqeseis eqete to katastatiko. Skopos ths htan h plhrh politikh aytonomia ths Makedonias kai ths Qrakhs, alla ston agwna gia thn epiteyjh toy eprepe na symmetasxoyn "oloi oi dysaresthmenoi" ki oxi monon to boylgariko stoixeio ths Makedonias.

    To anoigma ths EMEO pros oloys toys plhqysmoys htan bebaia enas taktikos eligmos. H poreia gia thn telikh ejegersh eixe dromologhqei, oi enoples omades anasyntassontan, o mhxanismos apokentrwnotan, wste na dieykolynqei h drash, alla mia sobarh ekkremothta yphrxe akomh: poioi qa htan oi epanastates. H xrhsimopoihsh apokleistika twn ejarxikwn plhqysmwn qa yponomeye to arxiko aithma ths aytonomias, afoy qa katastoyse safes oti eprokeito gia mia aprokalypth boylgarikh epilogh. Etsi h epiklhsh ths syllogikhs onomasias Makedones kriqhke protimoterh, afoy htan se xrhsh oxi monon apo toys slabofwnoys, alla kai apo toys ellhnofwnoys kai toys blaxofwnoys plhqysmoys. Pantws h EMEO pote den epikalesthke th symporeysh kapoias "makedonikhs eqnothtas" mazi me tis ypoloipes ston agwna gia thn eleyqeria ths Makedonias. Einai isws xarakthristika ta logia topikoy oplarxhgoy twn Korestiwn, toy kapetan Kwtta, poy gia merika xronia symporeythke me thn EMEO: "Pantes eimeqa adelfoi Xristianoi kai ws alhqinoi Xristianoi prepei kai Ellhnes kai Albanoi kai Blaxoi kai Boylgaroi na bohqwmen allhloys ina kerdiswmen ekeino to opoio hrxisamen. Dioti o agwn einai ieros kai to kerdos koinon" (dhladh h eleyqeria ths Makedonias).

    Telika ton Aprilio toy 1903 se synedrio ths sto Smilebo h hgesia ths EMEO apofasise na proxwrhsei se epanastash to kalokairi toy idioy etoys. Oi pleon tekmhriwmenes plhrofories gia thn tragikh ayth periodo proerxontai apo th diplwmatikh allhlografia ths epoxhs. O Brettanos projenos sta Skopia Fontana, o opoios egrafe oti h boylgarikh koinothta ths polhs toy Istip ergazotan proqyma "... gia mia genikh ejegersh twn Boylgarwn" kai "oti einai etoimoi na sfagiastoyn prokeimenoy na petyxoyn to stoxo poy exoyn, dhladh h Makedonia stoys Makedones, poy anamfibola shmainei h Makedonia gia toys Boylgaroys...", kai symplhrwne: "Oi xwrikoi se polla merh, einai alhqeia, den exoyn para elaxistes bleceis kai me mish kardia mono epiqymoyn na jeshkwqoyn.

    Katw apo aytes tis synqhkes kai oi pleon aisiodojoi paragontes ths EMEO den qa mporoysan logika na perimenoyn thn epityxia mias genikeymenhs epanastatikhs ejegershs, idiaitera sthn ypaiqro. To kinhma toy Ioylioy, gnwstotero ws kinhma toy Hlinten, epeidh ekdhlwqhke thn hmera ths eorths toy Profhth Hlia, katapnighke, opws allwste anamenotan, taxytata me barytates apwleies para th shmantikh bohqeia poy sxedon aprokalypta dioxeteyqhke apo th Boylgaria, idiaitera apo thn adelfikh ths EMEO organwsh, to Berxofistiko Komitato ths Sofias. An kai h stratiwtikh apotyxia htan plhrhs, ta diplwmatika wfelh htan shmantikotata kai malista makroproqesma. Oi katastrofes twn blaxofwnwn ellhnikwn kwmopolewn toy Kroysoboy kai ths Kleisoyras kaqws kai dekadwn allwn xwriwn me amfibolh symmetoxh sto kinhma, oi dhwseis, oi ejandrapodismoi kai oi polyariqmoi prosfyges, ametoxoi tis perissoteres fores patriarxikoi, kataferan telika na dhmosiopoihsoyn sthn Eyrwph thn propaganda ths EMEO kai ths Boylgarias peri Makedonikoy Zhthmatos, mia shmantikotath ypoqhkh gia tis metapolemikes ejelijeis.

    Meta to Hlinten, thn periodo 1904-1908, h EMEO pote den anekthse thn prohgoymenh maxhtikothta ths, antiqeta sparaxqhke apo plhqos eswterikwn diafwniwn poy merikes fores elaban th morfh anoixtwn kai aimathrwn sygkroysewn. Parallhla bebaia eixe na antimetwpisei to basij|teqo antipalo ths to ellhniko Makedoniko Komitato poy dierxotan th dikh toy periodo akmhs. To 1908, meta thn epanastash twn Neotoyrkwn h EMEO bghke apo thn paranomia kai metatraphke se politiko organismo xwris omws na apokhryjei tis idiaiteres sympaqeies ths me th Boylgaria. H dejia ths pteryga, perissotero syndedemenh me th Sofia, idryse thn "Enwsh Boylgarikwn Syntagmatikwn Swmateiwn" kai h aristera ths, oi legomenoi "sentralistes", to "Omospondiako Laiko Komma". Kai oi dyo politikoi organismoi eqetan ws kyrio stoxo toys thn ejasfalish aytonomoy kaqestwtos gia th Makedonia. Wstoso ta Swmateia epiqymoysan thn plhrh aytonomia, enw oi "sentralistes" thn aytodioikhsh entos ths Aytokratorias kai thn efarmogh enos rizospastikoy sosialistikoy programmatos. Ena xrono argotera, to 1909, oi dyo paratajeis enwqhkan kai pali ston kormo ths EMEO katw apo th nea hgesia twn Tontor Alejandrwf, Alejanter Prwtogerwf kai Petar Tsaoylef.

    Ta gegonota toy A' Pagkosmioy Polemoy epanabebaiwsan toys stenoys desmoys ths EMEO kai toy boylgarikoy kratoys. Opws htan epomeno, h boylgarikh katoxh serbikwn kai ellhnikwn tmhmatwn ths Makedonias epayse olosxerws tis fwnes gia aytonomia. Thn idia periodo ta anwtera stelexh ths EMEO prosferan tis yphresies toys sto boylgariko kratos apo kairies qeseis.

    H lhjh toy A' Pagkosmioy Polemoy brhke thn EMEO na zhta apo to synedrio ths Eirhnhs thn enswmatwsh ths Makedonias sth Boylgaria. Omws h arnhtikh qesh twn Megalwn Dynamewn enanti toy sxetikoy aithmatos anagkasan kai pali thn EMEO na epistrecei sthn arxikh diekdikhsh ths makedonikhs aytonomias kai na amblynei toys desmoys ths me to boylgariko kratos.Xarakthristika shmeiwne se kapoio gramma toy o Alejandrwf: Oloi qewroyme thn aytonomia h kalytera th dhmioyrgia anejarthths Makedonias ws to mikrotero kako, afoy einai dynato na enwqoyme twra... O boylgarikos plhqysmos ths Makedonias zhta thn enwsh me th Boylgaria, an ayto einai dynato". Se olh th diarkeia toy Mesopolemoy, par' oles tis allages sthn hgesia kai sth diamaxh poy jespase sto eswteriko ths meta to 1928, h EMEO diathrhse thn taytothta ths boylgarikhs eqnikoapeleyqerwtikhs organwshs. To 1927, o Prwtogerwf se synenteyjh toy dhlwne kathgorhmatika: "O plhqysmos ths Makedonias apoteleitai apo Boylgaroys, Toyrkoys, Albanoys, Ebraioys, Blaxoys k.a. ... Oi Boylgaroi apoteloyn se olh thn Makedonia thn pleiochfia ... Par' ola ayta h qelhsh mas den einai h enwsh me th Boylgaria alla h apeleyqerwsh kai h aytoteleia ths Makedonias ... Ergazomaste gia mia enwsh olwn twn eqnwn sto protypo ths Elbetias".

    O B' Pagkosmios Polemos metebale rizika tis diplwmatikes sxeseis sta Balkania. Se mia prospaqeia staqeropoihshs ths neas katastashs kriqhke skopimos se polles periptwseis o epanaprosdiorismos ths Istorias me gnwmona ta nea politika zhtoymena ths epoxhs. Gia thn omospondh gioygkoslabikh "Sosialistikh Dhmokratia ths Makedonias" kai gia to shmerino diadoxo ths kratos, h EMEO apotelei th dikh toy Filikh Etaireia, oi idrytes ths qewroyntai katajiwmenoi eqnikoi hrwes kai to Hlinten qewreitai to gnhsio apeleyqerwtiko kinhma ths "makedonikhs eqnothtas" paromoio me ta eqnika kinhmata twn allwn balkanikwn lawn. Prokeitai bebaia gia ena texnasma, poy para tis eyloges boukcaqij]r antirrhseis, kriqhke aparaithto kai efarmosthke me synepeia prokeimenoy na yposthrixqei h jexwristh eqnotikh taytothta ayths ths neokophs Dhmokratias. An kai den yparxei amfibolia oti ta sygxrona eqnh apoteloyn "kata fantasia koinothtes", wstoso h qesh ayth den dikaiologei se kammia periptwsh thn ideologikh xrhsh ths Istorias kai poly perissotero th systhmatikh parapoihsh twn gegonotwn. Toso oi martyries twn prwtagwnistwn oso kai oi ektimhseis twn sygxronwn twn gegonotwn dieqnwn parathrhtwn den afhnoyn kammia amfibolia gia th fysh twn sxesewn EMEO kai Boylgarias mexri to 1940. Para tis proswpikes antiparaqeseis kai tis peristasiakes ojythtes h "Eswterikh Makedonikh Epanastatikh Organwsh" idryqhke, andrwqhke kai polemhse mesa sto eytero plaisio ths ejwterikhs politikhs kai ths alytrwtikhs ideologias toy boylgarikoy kratoys.


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