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MPA NEWS IN GREEK (01/05/1996)

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY EIDHSEWN

Qessalonikh 1 Maioy 1996


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA

[D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blash Blasidh)


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] ANADEIJH THS QESSALONIKHS SE PRWTEYOYSA THS BALKANIKHS ZHTHSAN OI ERGAZOMENOI STON EORTASMO THS PRWTOMAGIAS

  • [02] ELLADA KAI KYPROS SYNTONIZONTAI ENOCEI TWN EPISKECEWN TWN PROEDRWN K. STEFANOPOYLOY KAI G. KLHRIDH STIS HPA

  • [03] TA BALKANIKA PRAKTOREIA EIDHSEWN,YIOQETHSAN TO PROGRAMMA "DIAYLOS" POY EKPONHSE TO M.P.E. GIA TIS DORYFORIKES SYNDESEIS ANAMESA STA EIDHSEOGRAFIKA PRAKTOREIA TOY AIMOY

  • [04] AYJHQHKAN OI ELLHNIKES EJAGWGES FARMAKEYTIKWN PROIONTWN KALLYNTIKWN KAI APORRYPANTIKWN


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [05] R.MPAOYTSER: H LYSH STO KYPRIAKO PREPEI NA PROELQEI APO THN ELLADA, THN TOYRKIA, TOYS ELLHNOKYPRIOYS KAI TOYS TOYRKOKYPRIOYS

  • [06] AYJANETAI H KINHSH STA SYNORA ELLADOS-PGDM

  • [07] APORRIPTEI TO BELIGRADI TIS KATHGORIES GIA EGKLHMATA POLEMOY STH BOSNIA

  • [08] QA PROXWRHSEI O AGWGOS MPOYRGKAS-ALEJANDROYPOLH

  • [09] STH SOFIA AYRIO O GENIKOS GRAMMATEAS TOY NATO

  • [10] PROTERAIOTHTA GIA TH BOYLGARIA H EISODOS STHN E.E., LEEI O PRWQYPOYRGOS ZAN BINTENWF

  • [11] KATHGORIES THS RWSIAS KATA THS TOYRKIAS GIA THN ENISXYSH TWN TSETSENWN AYTONOMISTWN ME XRHMATA, OPLA KAI EQELONTES

  • [12] TREIS NEKROI KAI 45 TRAYMATIES STIS EKDHLWSEIS THS PRWTOMAGIAS STH KWNSTANTINOYPOLH


  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA

  • [13] H PROSFATH EPIDEINWSH TWN SXESEWN SOFIAS KAI SKOPIWN (toy Antwnioy Aimilioy Taxiaoy kaqhghth toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Qessalonikhs)


  • [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blash Blasidh)

  • [14] H KAQIERWSH THS ERGATIKHS PRWTOMAGIAS STHN ELLADA


  • EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] ANADEIJH THS QESSALONIKHS SE PRWTEYOYSA THS BALKANIKHS ZHTHSAN OI ERGAZOMENOI STON EORTASMO THS PRWTOMAGIAS

    H antimetwpish ths anergias, h kaqierwsh toy 35wroy xwris meiwsh twn apodo-xwn, h rizikh forologikh metarryqmish alla kai h amesh ylopoihsh twn desmeysewn ths politeias gia oysiastikh anadeijh ths Qessalonikhs se prwteyoysa ths oikonomias, toy pneymatos kai toy politismoy twn Balkaniwn einai ta kyria aithmata poy eqesan oi ergazomenoi toy nomoy kata ton eortasmo ths Prwtomagias, poy organwse to Ergatiko Kentro Qessalonikhs (E.K.Q.) se synergasia me to nomarxiako tmhma ths ADEDY- EDOQ.

    Sthn omilia toy sthn kentrikh ekdhlwsh, poy pragmatopoihqhke sthn plateia Aristoteloys stis 10 to pqy_, o Proedros toy Ergatikoy Kentroy, Hlias Kontopoylos, tonise thn anagkh diamorfwshs enos eyreos eqnikoy metwpoy ths kybernhshs, twn kommatwn kai twn koinwnikwn forewn, gia mia epityxhmenh prowqhsh twn eqnikwn qematwn, enw zhthse ton termatismo ths politikhs ths litothtas kai thn xarajh mias neas politikhs poy na sthrizetai sthn perifereiakh anaptyjh kai apokentrwsh kai stis perifereiakes kai kladikes politikes gia thn anaptyjh kai thn apasxolhsh. Epishs xarakthrise epibeblhmenh thn amesh ylopoihsh twn desmeysewn kai ypoxrewsewn ths politeias gia thn kaqierwsh ths Qessalonikhs se prwteyoysa ths Balkanikhs. Katalhgontas o Proedros toy E.K.Q. tonise oti to Ergatiko Kinhma qa dynamwsei ton diekdikhtiko toy xarakthra gia mia politikh yper twn ergazomenwn, toy laoy kai toy topoy kai qa yperaspistei thn eirhnh kai th synergasia twn lawn ths perioxhs, ekdhlwnontas parallhla thn apofasistikothta toy na diafylajei ta aparagrapta eqnika dikaiwmata kai to aparabiasto twn synorwn.

    Analogo einai kai to periexomeno toy chfismatos ths prwtomagiatikhs apergiakhs sygkentrwshs twn ergazomenwn ths Qessalonikhs, sto opoio diakhryssetai h emmonh twn ergazomenwn sthn kaqierwsh toy 35wroy wrarioy xwris meiwsh twn apodoxwn, enw zhteitai h lhch metrwn gia thn antimetwpish ths anergias, h rizikh forologikh metarryqmish me antistrofh sxesh emmeswn-ameswn forwn, o eksygxronismos toy dhmosioy tomea, h apemplokh twn EKO apo tis kommatikes parembaseis, h metarryqmish toy asfalistikoy systhmatos kai h qesmoqethsh plaisioy eleyqerwn syllogikwn diapragmateysewn sto dhmosio.

    [02] ELLADA KAI KYPROS SYNTONIZONTAI ENOCEI TWN EPISKECEWN TWN PROEDRWN K. STEFANOPOYLOY KAI G. KLHRIDH STIS HPA

    Ellada kai Kypros syntonizontai enocei twn episkecewn twn proedrwn Kwsth Stefanopoyloy kai Glaykoy Klhridh stis HPA.

    Oi dyo kybernhseis diamorfwnoyn epishs sto plaisio ayto koinh strathgikh enocei neas amerikanikhs prwtoboylias h opoia anamenetai na ekdhlwqei stoys epomenoys mhnes.

    O Ellhnas proedros kai o Kyprios omologos toy qa syzhthsoyn tis ejelijeis th Deytera kai qa antalajoiyn apoceis gia th nea amerikanikh prospaqeia.

    Thn epomenh o Ellhnas proedros qa anaxwrhsei gia tis HPA opoy qa exei synanthsh sto Leyko Oiko me ton proedro Klinton me epikentro ta ellhnotoyrkika kai to kypriako.

    Stis 9 Maioy o proedros Klhridhs qa synanthqei sthn Aqhna me ton prwqypoyrgo Kwsta Shmith me ton opoio qa kanoyn mia anaskophsh ths katastashs opws diamorfwnetai meta thn synanthsh toy me ton proedro Klinton kai tis synomilies poy eixe sthn Aqhna, thn Agkyra kai thn Leykwsia o amerikanos yfypoyrgos ejwterikwn Tzon Kornmploym.

    O proedros Klhridhs qa episkeyqei ton Ioynio tis HPA opoy qa exei synomilies sthn Oyasigkton me ton proedro Klinton.

    [03] TA BALKANIKA PRAKTOREIA EIDHSEWN,YIOQETHSAN TO PROGRAMMA "DIAYLOS" POY EKPONHSE TO M.P.E. GIA TIS DORYFORIKES SYNDESEIS ANAMESA STA EIDHSEOGRAFIKA PRAKTOREIA TOY AIMOY

    Me thn ypografh diakhryjhs, me thn opoia xairetizetai kai yioqeteitai to programma "DIAYLOS", poy ekponhse to Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn, gia tis doryforikes diasyndeseis olwn twn praktoreiwn eidhsewn twn xwrwn ths balkanikhs me th Balkanikh Trapeza Eidhsewn poy dhmioyrgei to MPE, elhjan shmera sth Qessalonikh oi ergasies ths synanthshs twn Texnikwn Dieyqyntwn twn eqnikwn praktoreiwn eidhsewn twn balkanikwn xwrwn, poy metexoyn sthn "Enwsh Balkanikwn Praktoreiwn Eidhsewn " (ABNA).

    Opws anaferetai sth diakhryjh, to sxedio "DIAYLOS" gia th dhmioyrgia toy diktyoy doryforikwn epikoinwniwn, to opoio qa syndeei ola ta praktoreia eidhsewn ths xersonhsoy toy Aimoy me th Qessalonikh, katesth hdh anapospasto tmhma ths ABNA. Enw apofasisqhke na syzhthqei sth syneleysh twn Genikwn Dieyqyntwn twn balkanikwn praktoreiwn eidhsewn, h problepomenh apo to programma "DIAYLOS" idrysh enos grafeioy ths ABNA stis Bryjelles.

    Oi texnikoi dieyqyntes twn balkanikwn praktoreiwn eidhsewn, synanthqhkan me ton ypoyrgo Makedonias-Qrakhs k. Filippo Petsalniko, o opoios ejefrase to ameristo endiaferon kai thn yposthrijh ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs kai toy ypoyrgeioy toy, stis drasthriothtes aytes twn eidhseografikwn praktoreiwn ths balkanikhs, oi opoies, opws epishmane, qa bohqhsoyn toys laoys ths balkanikhs na elqoyn pio konta, na sysfijoyn peraiterw tis sxeseis toys, wste na apokatastaqei ena klima eirhnhs kai filias sthn perioxh. Ypenqymise de oti h Ellada, diadramatise pantote prwtagwnistiko rolo stis prospaqeies gia th balkanikh synennohsh.

    O ypoyrgos k. Petsalnikos, eixe kat'idian syzhthsh me thn antiproswpeia toy kaqe eqnikoy praktoreioy eidhsewn, poy meteixe sth synanthsh kai me megalo endiaferon akoyse thn protash poy toy diatypwse o Ektelestikos Grammateas ths ABNA kai proedros toy Boylgarikoy praktoreioy eidhsewn BIR (Balkan Information Pool) k.Stefan Belef, gia th diorganwsh synanthsewn toy epixeirhmatikoy kosmoy ths boreioy Ellados kai ths Boylgarias me prwtoboylia twn praktoreiwn eidhsewn twn dyo xwrwn.

    Opws anakoinwse sto telos ths synanthshs twn texnikwn dieyqyntwn o Genikos Dieyqynths toy Makedonikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn k. Sp.Koyzinopoylos, programmatisqhke na pragmatopoihqoyn sth Qessalonikh, dyo megala synedria to deytero ejamhno toy 1997, poy to MPE qa exei thn proedria ths ABNA : Ena synedrio twn eqnikwn praktoreiwn twn balkanikwn xwrwn ki ena deytero twn Eyrwpaikwn praktoreiwn Eidhsewn kai twn shmantikoterwn meswn enhmerwshs ths ghraias hpeiroy, sto plaisio kai twn ekdhlwsewn ths Qessalonikhs, ws Politistikhs Prwteyoysas ths Eyrwphs, to 1997.

    Sth synanthsh, phran meros ta eqnika praktoreia eidhsewn APE kai MPE ths Elladas, BTA kai BIR ths Boukcaq_ar, ATA ths Albanias, TANJUG ths Gioygkoslabias, ROMPRES ths Roymanias, ANADOLOU ths Toyrkias kai MPB ths PGDM, enw th symmetoxh toys stis prwtoboylies toy Makedonikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn ekdhlwsan kai ta eqnika praktoreia eidhsewn ths Slobenias kai ths Bosnias- Erzegobinhs, poy metexoyn ws parathrhtes sthn ABNA.

    [04] AYJHQHKAN OI ELLHNIKES EJAGWGES FARMAKEYTIKWN PROIONTWN KALLYNTIKWN KAI APORRYPANTIKWN

    Anodos ths tajhs toy 2,94% shmeiwqhke stis ejagwges farmakeytikwn proiontwn, kallyntikwn kai aporrypantikwn to 1994 se sxesh me to '93 enw oi ejagwges twn proiontwn aytwn triplasiasthkan se posothta se sxesh me to 1990 kai ayjhqhkan se ajia kata 60%. Sthn ayjhsh ths posothtas twn ejagwgwn synetelese to gegonos oti h posothta twn aporrypantikwn poy ejagontai pleon einai ypertetraplasia apo ayth toy 1990.

    Shmeiwnetai oti to 1994 ejhxqhkan 2.033 tonoi farmakwn synolikhs ajias 62 ekatommyriwn ECU, 8.048 tonoi kallyntikwn ajias 23 ekatommyriwn ECU kai 23.233 tonoi aporrypantikwn ajias 20 ekatommyriwn ECU. Oi times aytes shmatodotoyn mikrh ayjhsh sthn ajia kai ton ogko twn ejagwgwn twn proiontwn aytwn me ejairesh ta kallyntika twn opoiwn oi ejagwges paroysiasan mikrh ayjhsh se ajia alla shmantikh meiwsh (17%) se posothta.

    Oi xwres ths EE kai idiws h Megalh Bretania apoteloyn th shmantikoterh agora gia ta ellhnika proionta ths kathgorias ayths , enw shmantikes posothtes kateyqynontai kai pros tis xwres ths Boreias Afrikhs kai ths Meshs Anatolhs. Ta teleytaia xronia pragmatopoioyntai ajiologes ejagwges kai sths xwres ths Balkanikhs kai ths Anatolikhs Eyrwphs. Sygkekrimena stis xwres ths EE kateyqynqhkan proionta ajias 49,4 ekatommyriwn, sth Boreia Afrikh kai Mesh Anatolh ajias 25,5 ekatommyriwn sta Balkania 13 ekatommyriwn kai sthn Anatolikh Eyrwph 7 ekatommyriwn ECU.


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [05] R.MPAOYTSER: H LYSH STO KYPRIAKO PREPEI NA PROELQEI APO THN ELLADA, THN TOYRKIA, TOYS ELLHNOKYPRIOYS KAI TOYS TOYRKOKYPRIOYS

    Thn apoch oti h lysh toy Kypriakoy qa prepei na proelqei apo tis endiaferomenes pleyres, dhladh thn Ellada, thn Toyrkia, toys Ellhnokyprioys kai toys Toyrkokyprioys, ejefrase o presbhs twn HPA sth Leykwsia k.Ritsarnt Mpaoytser se dhlwseis toy meta th synanthsh poy eixe me ton Proedro ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias k.Glayko Klhridh. O Amerikanos presbhs epishmane oti gia thn epiteyjh symfwnias sto Kypriako qa prepei na epideixqei h analogh praktikh apofasistikothta.

    Sxoliazontas th dhlwsh toy anaplhrwth eidikoy antiproswpoy toy genikoy grammatea toy OHE sthn Kypro, oti yparxei telma makras diarkeias sto Kypriako, o k.Mpaoytser eipe oti diapistwse apaisiodojia stis dhlwseis toy k.Feysel.

    "Wstoso pisteyw oti dhmioyrgeitai mia bash kai n]qoule apo poy prepei na proelqoyn oi synomilies. Eimastan poly jekaqaroi. Ta qemata einai panw sto trapezi twn diapragmateysewn. Ayto poy xreiazomaste einai h apofasistikothta na epilysoyme to problhma. Einai anagkaio ayth h apofasistikothta na proelqei apo ola ta merh" tonise o k.Mpaoytser.

    Sxetika me th dhlwsh toy Amerikanoy yfypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn Tzon Kornmploym oti exei diapistwsei kalh qelhsh gia thn epilysh toy Kypriakoy, ypogrammise oti gia na yparjei symfwnia "ta merh qa prepei oxi mono na lene oti einai etoima gia mia symfwnia alla na poyn oti qeloyn th symfwnia kai einai diateqeimena na kanoyn o,ti xreiazetai gia na epiteyxqei".

    [06] AYJANETAI H KINHSH STA SYNORA ELLADOS-PGDM

    Ayjanetai oloena kai perissotero h kinhsh sta ellhnoskopiana synora. Symfwna me stoixeia poy metadoqhkan apo ton radiofwniko staqmo twn Skopiwn, toys prwtoys treis mhnes toy 1996 oi metafores emporeymatwn exoyn ayjhqei kata 30%, enw o ariqmos twn epibatwn poy dierxontai apo ta synora, se sxesh me perysi, exei ayjhqei kata 70%.

    Me thn beltiwsh twn sxesewn metajy twn dyo xwrwn, o ariqmos twn epibatwn poy dierxontai apo toys synoriakoys staqmoys sta ellhnoskopiana synora anamenetai na epanelqei sta epipeda toy 1991.

    "H ayjhmenh synergasia metajy twn skopianwn epixeirhsewn kai twn idiwtikwn epixeirhsewn apo thn Ellada prepei na syneisferei sthn apokatastash stenoterhs diameqoriakhs synergasias, pragma gia to opoio diejhxqhsan prosfata synomilies metajy ekproswpwn toy Dhmoy twn Mpitoliwn kai ths Flwrinas" anefere o radiostaqmos, shmeiwnontas oti sthn ylopoihsh ayths ths synergasias qa diadramatisei shmantiko rolo kai o neos telwneiakos ataqmos sto xwrio Krabari, o opoios anamenetai na metatrapei se kentro gia anwterh dieqnh oikonomikh synergasia kai o opoios qa syneisferei sthn grhgoroterh dieleysh twn emporeymatwn kai apo tis dyo pleyres.

    [07] APORRIPTEI TO BELIGRADI TIS KATHGORIES GIA EGKLHMATA POLEMOY STH BOSNIA

    H Serbia kalese to Dieqnes Dikasthrio sth Xagh, na aporricei thn enantion ths kathgoria gia genoktonia, tonizontas oti to Beligradi den phre meros ston polemo ths Bosnias.

    To Dieqnes Dikasthrio gia stratiwtika egklhmata sthn prwhn Gioygkoslabia, diejagei neo gyro akroasewn gia th genoktonia sth Bosnia.

    Ekqetontas thn apoch toys, ekproswpoi ths Gioygkoslabias tonisan oti o xwrismos ths Bosnias pragmatopoihqhke monomerws, me thn katastrathghsh toy tote isxyontos Syntagmatos ths Gioygkoslabias, xwris thn thrhsh twn iswn dikaiwmatwn twn lawn poy zoyn sth Bosnia- Erzegobinh.

    Sto metajy, sto Saragebo prokeitai na diejaxqei sum\mtgsg metajy ekproswpwn twn kybernhsewn ths kroatomoysoylmanikhs omospondias kai ths apokaloymenhs Dhmokratias ths Serbias ypo thn aigida toy anwtatoy ekproswpoy toy symboylioy gia thn ektelesh ths symfwnias eirhnhs gia th Bosnia Karl Mpilnt.

    H synanthsh einai afierwmenh stis dynatothtes ypernikhshs twn dyskoliwn kata thn efarmogh twn symfwniwn toy Nteiton.

    [08] QA PROXWRHSEI O AGWGOS MPOYRGKAS-ALEJANDROYPOLH

    Thn aisiodojia toy oti qa jeperastoyn ta problhmata kai oti qa proxwrhsei syntoma to ergo ths kataskeyhs toy petrelaioagwgoy Noborosisk-Mpoyrgkas-Alejandroypolh, ejefrase o emporikos akoloyqos ths Ellados sth Boylgaria k. Doydoymhs, se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida "Stantart" ths Sofias.

    Anaferomenos sth shmasia toy petrelaioagwgoy aytoy, o k. Doydoymhs ejhghse oti aytos qa einai mhkoys 275 xiliometrwn kai qa kostisei h kataskeyh toy 650 ekatommyria dollaria.To plhres dynamiko toy, anerxetai se peripoy 30 ekatommyria tonnoys petrelaioy ethsiws.

    "Ayto, prosqese, qa qesei terma sto monopwlio ths metaforas petrelaioy mesw toy Bosporoy kai twn Dardanelliwn, enw to limani ths Alejandroypolhs, qa metatrapei se mia terastia dejamenh gia tis mesogeiakes xwres. Ayto to sxedio, qa syndesei th Boylgaria kai thn Ellada se enan eniaio energeiako xwro".

    Anaforika me tis oikonomikes sxeseis metajy Boylgarias kai Ellados, o emporikos akoloyqos ypogrammise oti einai aisiodojos gia thn ejelijh toys. "Prin apo pente xronia, eipe,oi ejagwges ths Ellados pros th Boylgaria molis eftanan ta penhnta ekatommyria dollaria. Twra o ariqmos aytos dekaplasiasthke, enw me toys idioys peripoy ryqmoys ayjanontai oi ejagwges pros thn Ellada,oi opoies twra anerxontai se 400 ekatommyria dollaria".

    Se erwthsh anaforika me th domh twn amoibaiwn antallagwn emporeymatwn, o k. Doydoymhs, anefere oti o sxetikos katalogos twn ellhnikwn ejagwgwn,perilambanei trofima,nwpa froyta kai xymoys, bafes kai diafora etoima endymata,antallaktika aytokinhtwn k.a. Se antallagma, h Ellada eisagei apo th Boylgaria kyriws prwtes yles, metalla kai jyleia.

    [09] STH SOFIA AYRIO O GENIKOS GRAMMATEAS TOY NATO

    Th boylgarikh prwteyoysa episkeptetai ayrio o Genikos Grammateas toy NATO, Xabie Solana, sto plaisio ths periodeias toy sthn Kentrikh kai Anatolikh Eyrwph, me skopo thn ejetash twn dynatothtwn dieyrynshs ths Symmaxias pros Anatolas.

    Se synenteyjh toy sth boylgarikh kratikh thleorash, poy paraxwrhse apo tis Bryjelles, o k.Solana ekfrazei thn prosdokia toy gia karpofores synanthseis sth Sofia kai ypogrammizei oti h asfaleia kai h staqerothta sthn Eyrwph prepei na oikodomhqoyn, oxi mono apo to NATO, alla h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, o OASE kai h Dytikoeyrwpaikh Enwsh pq]pei epishs na exoyn to diko toys rolo se ayth thn kateyqynsh.

    Se synenteyjh toy epishs sthn efhmerida “24 Wres “ ths Sofias o G.G. toy NATO xairetizei th Boylgaria gia thn energh symmetoxh ths sto Boreioatlantiko Symboylio Synergasias kai sthn prwtoboylia “Symprajh gia thn eirhnh”, kaqws kai gia ton entatiko dialogo poy diejagei gia th dieyrynsh toy NATO.

    O k.Solana epishmainei akomh pws den yparxei apaithsh ths Symmaxias gia thn topoqethsh pyrhnikwn oplwn sto edafos twn newn xwrwn-melwn, oyte yfistatai h anagkh allaghs toy pyrhnikoy statoys kbo kai ths politikhs toy NATO.

    [10] PROTERAIOTHTA GIA TH BOYLGARIA H EISODOS STHN E.E., LEEI O PRWQYPOYRGOS ZAN BINTENWF

    O prwqypoyrgos ths Boylgarias Zan Bintenwf, poy pragmatopoiei epishmh episkech sthn Aystria, se omilia toy me qema "Boylgaria kai Eyrwph", tonise oti h eisodos ths Boylgarias sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, apotelei proteraiothta sthn ejwterikh politikh ths boylgarikhs kybernhshs.

    O k. Bintenwf shmeiwse oti h koinwnikh symfwnia gia thn eisodo ths Boylgarias sthn E.E., apotelei eggyhsh gia thn eqnikh ths asfaleia kai thn oikonomikh ths anaptyjh.

    H Eyrwpaikh Enwsh einai o kyrioteros etairos ths Boylgarias me 40% ston tomea toy ejwterikoy emporioy, enw to 1995 oi emporikes prajeis anhlqan sto poso twn 4 dis dollariwn.

    [11] KATHGORIES THS RWSIAS KATA THS TOYRKIAS GIA THN ENISXYSH TWN TSETSENWN AYTONOMISTWN ME XRHMATA, OPLA KAI EQELONTES

    H Mosxa, kathgorhse thn Agkyra oti epitrepei toys tsetsenoys antartes na xrhsimopoioyn to toyrkiko edafos, gia thn proetoimasia stasiastiokwn epixeirhsewn sthn Tsetsenia.

    O ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths Rwsias Eygkeni Primakwf, eipe enwpion toyrkwn dhmosiografwn sth Rwsikh prwteyoysa, oti qa episkefqei thn Toyrkia opoy qa synomilhsei prin ap'ola gia th stash ths Agkyras apenanti stoys tsetsenoys antartes.

    H Rwsia, apo kairo kathgorei thn Toyrkia, oti dieykolynei kai enisxyei th drash twn tsetsenwn aytonomistwn, xorhgwntas toys oikonomikh bohqeia, opla kai eqelontes.

    Sto metajy, ekproswpos ths dioikhshs twn Rwsikwn omospondiakwn dynamewn sthn Tsetsenia, dhlwse oti o qanatos toy Zalixman Giantarmpaef, toy diadoxoy toy Tzoyxar Ntoyntagief kai o diorismos toy Samir Mpasaef ws genikoy dioikhth twn enoplwn dynamewn twn Tsetsenwn aytonomistwn, pros to paron den exoyn epidrash sthn perioxh. H katastash sthn Tsetsenia einai sxetika hremh, xwris oysiastikes sygkroyseis, tonise o ekproswpos.

    Parallhla, parataqhke gia alles dyo hmeres to telesigrafo enantion twn tsetsenwn aytonomistwn, poy e_mai poliorkhmenoi sto Sali.

    [12] TREIS NEKROI KAI 45 TRAYMATIES STIS EKDHLWSEIS THS PRWTOMAGIAS STH KWNSTANTINOYPOLH

    Tria atoma skotwqhkan kai 45 traymatisthkan se symplokes diadhlwtwn me thn astynomia, kata th diarkeia twn ekdhlwsewn ths ergatikhs Prwtomagias, sto Kantikioi, sthn asiatikh pleyra ths Kwnstantinoypolhs.

    Oi omades poy qa meteixan stis ekdhlwseis kai thn poreia eixan sygkentrwqei apo nwris to prwi sthn perioxh Xasanpasa toy Kantikioi opoy oi astynomikes arxes eixan labei metra asfaleias. Ta epeisodia jespasan otan mia omada arnhqhke na ypakoysei se entolh gia astynomiko elegxo. Kata th diarkeia toy aimathroy epeisodioy traymatisthkan eji atoma ek twn opoiwn dyo astynomikoi enw skotwqhkan dyo poy eixan traymatistei apo sfaires.

    Sthn poreia poy akoloyqhse shmeiwqhkan polla epeisodia metajy diadhlwtwn kai astynomikwn me apotelesma na traymatistoyn alloi dyo astynomikoi kai 8 polites. Oi diadhlwtes erijan bombes molotwf sta grafeia toy Kommatos Eqnikistikhs Drashs me apotelesma na ekdhlwqei pyrkagia poy teqhke ypo elegxo.

    Sto metajy sto sidhrodromiko staqmo Sooytloy Tsesme epeisodio metajy astynomikwn kai mias omadas, poy arnhqhke na ypoblhqei se elegxo, phre diastaseis me apotelesma na spasoyn bitrines katasthmatwn kai trapezwn ths perioxhs.

    Ta ergatika syndikata se poreia poy diorganwsan pros thn plateia Tajim sthn eyrwpaikh pleyra ths polhs timhsan toys 34 nekroys ths aimatobamenhs Prwtomagias toy 1977. Ekdhlwseis gia thn Prwtomagia pragmatopoihqhkan kai sthn Agkyra xwris omws na shmeiwqoyn epeisodia.


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA

    [13] H PROSFATH EPIDEINWSH TWN SXESEWN SOFIAS KAI SKOPIWN (toy Antwnioy Aimilioy Taxiaoy kaqhghth toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Qessalonikhs)

    Osoi gnwrizan, estw kai stoixeiwdws, thn istoria ths Boylgarias eniwsan kapoia ekplhjh otan, prin dyo xronia, diapistwnan me posh biasynh h Sofia espeyde na anagnwrisei to kratos twn Skopiwn me to onoma ''Makedonia'', dhmioyrgwntas etsi ena prosqeto problhma se ekeina poy antimetwpize h Ellada sto qema twn sxesewn ths me to kratos ayto. Aytoi poy eixan gnwsh ths boylgarikhs istorias hjeran kala oti pisw apo th biastikh ayth anagnwrish sympiezontan ena plhqos apo basikes diafores, oi opoies sthn oysia toys htan poly baqyteres apo ekeines poy xwrizahn thn Ellada kai ta Skopia, diafores poy gia ton koino anagnwsth twn ellhnikwn efhmeridwn, kai malista ths neoterhs genias, htan entelws agnwstes. H Sofia bebaiws tonize oti anagnwrizei men to kratos ''Makedonia'', oxi omws makedoniko eqnos kai makedonikh glwssa, nomizontas oti etsi paramerizei epityxws ola ekeina ta stoixeia ths me ta Skopia. Pws omws einai dynaton na anagnwrizetai ena kratos xwris na angnwrizontai ta qemeliwdh stoixeia ths yparjhs toy, dgkad^ h yfh ths glwssas toy laoy toy kai h eqnikh toy ontothta

    Exontas loipon ejasfalisei ena minimoym proypoqesewn gia anaptyjh kanonikwn kai omalwn diakratikwn sxesewn kai synallagwn, oi dyo pleyres proxwrhsan se programmatismo amoibaiwn symfwniwn. Etsi, ystera apo prosklhsh toy skopianoy omologoy toy, eixe programmatistei gia tis 24 Aprilioy 1996 epishmh episkech sta Skopia toy ypoyrgoy ejwterikwn ths Boylgarias k.Gkeorgki Pirinski, pragma poy dhlwne oti ola phgainoyn kala stis sxeseis twn dyo kratwn. Wstoso, thn teleytaia pragmatika stigmh, h episkech mataiwqhke. O logos, poy epikalesthke gia th mataiwsh h Sofia, htan ''ejaitias mias klimakoymenhs antiboylgarikhs ekstrateias sta makedonika mesa enhmerwshs, h opoia den eynoei mia ypoyrgikh episkech''. Metajy allwn lexqhke oti oi Skopianoi emmesws dietypwnan aitiaseis enantion twn Boylgarwn, sxetikes me thn apopeira dolofonias toy proedroy K.Gkligkorwf. Pantws h prospaqeia ermhneias twn aitiwn ayths ths mataiwshs, pera apo thn epiklhsh logwhn sxetikwn kai me thn ypochfiothta toy k.Pirinski gia th boylgarikh proedreia, efere sto fws kai alles parametroys, oi opoies omws th fora ayth aggizan ta problhmata poy eixan parameristei kata thn anagnwrish twn Skopiwn apo th Sofia. Anaferqhke p.x oti h Sofia den angnwrizei ''makedonikh'' glwssa, kai oti o eisaggeleas ths Sofias, Iban Tatartsef, apagoreyse stoys ekei ''Makedones'' na eortasoyn thn epeteio twn 81 xronwn apo to qanato toy Giane Santanski. Kai monh h mneia twn dyo aytwn pragmatikothtwn einai arketh gia na anasyrei ton peplo poy kalyptei gia toso kairo to plhqos twn istorikwn logwn poy xwrizoyn apofasistika th Sofia apo ta Skopia, enw aytoi oi logoi den yparxoyn sth diafora Elladas-Skopiwn.

    To ena apo ta stoixeia ths diaforas metajy Skopiwn kai Sofias, h glwssa, anaferetai se ena apo ta pio qemeliwdh shmeia, epanw sto opoio htan peprwmeno na proskroysoyn oi sxeseis twn dyo pleyrwn. H glwssa poy miloysan oi Slaboi, otan prwtohrqan ws epidromeis sth Makedonia ton 6o mX aiwna, htan h legomenh palaioslabikh. Otan omws ton 9o aiwna eixe epektaqei ekei proswrina to Boylgariko Kratos, kai me boylgarikh kratikh prwtoboylia toys doqhke alfabhto kai graptos logos, ayta politografhqhkan ws ''boylgarika'', kai h eqnikh toys taytothta kai o politismos eginan epishs boylgarika. Kai bebaiws ayta synebhsan mesa se mia diadikasia ths synenwshs Slabwn kai Boylgarwn se ena koino eqnos, diadikasia poy eixe arxisei apo ton 7o kiolas aiwna. H perioxh ths Axridas apotelese mia apo tis dyo koitides toy arxaioy boylgarikoy politismoy. Alla aythn akribws thn taytothta hrqe to 1944 na amfisbhthsei h idrysh ths ''Laikhs Dhmokratias ths Makedonias''. Bebaiws h Ellada sto qema ayto den exei symmetoxh eqnikoy symferontos, kai mallon thn ejyphretei h skopianh qesh, h opoia enisxyei th diaspash ths synexoys grammhs enos eniaioy slabikoy eqnoys kai kratoys, to opoio na ekteinetai kata mhkos twn boreiwn synorwn ths apo th Mayrh Qalassa ews thn Adriatikh. Apo thn allh meria omws ta Skopia diekdikoyn th ''makedonikh'' eqnikothta, thn opo_a istorikws th syndeoyn me thn arxaia Makedonia, h opoia, omws, opws einai gnwsto, den yphrxe pia ws kratos otan prwtoemfanisthkan oi Slaboi sto xwro ths tews epikrateias ths. Ektos aytoy omws, s' ayth thn eqnothta isws sthn pragmatikothta den hqele na entaxqei to 35% peripoy toy plhqysmoy ths PGDM, to opoio den einai slabikhs katagwghs, kai syndeei thn proeleysh toy malon me eqnikes omades omorwn kratwn. Sthn periptwsh omws twn boylgaroskopianwn sxesewn barainei apofasistikws h apo ton 9o ews ton 20 aiwna boylgarikh ''politografhsh''- kai idiws ths glwssas-poy htan synexhs kai pragmatikh, enw den eixe diekdikhqei epishma ''makedonikh'' eqnikothta.

    To 1978, to egkyro boylgariko episthmoniko periodiko ''Boylgarikh glwssa'' eixe dhmosieysei ena ektenes melethma me titlo ''H enothta ths boylgarikhs glwssas sto parelqon kai to paron'', sto opoio ginotan systhmatikh antikroysh ths qeshs oti yparxei ''makedonikh''slabikh glwssa. H glwssa ayth sto boylgariko periodiko xarakthrizotan ws ''dytiko boylgariko idiwma'', apoch poy eixe yposthrijei palaiotera kai o Ellhnas glwssologos, kaqhghths toy APQ, Nikolaos Andriwths. Ta Skopia antedrasan amesws sto boylgariko dhmosieyma me antistoixo diko toys toy ''Institoytoy Makedonikhs Glwssas'', sto opoio aneptyssan thn yper ths glwssas ayths epixeirhmatologia. Den arghsan omws na paroyn sklhrh apanthsh, apo ychla istameno tote melos ths K.E toy KKB, thn Tsola Ntragkoitseba, apanthsh sthn opoia jediplwnotan gia mia akomh fora olh h boylgarikh epixeirhmatologia, h opoia aploystata ebriske isxyra ereismata sto ''boylgariko'' istoriko parelqon ths skopianhs ''Makedonias''.

    Apo tote den yphrje kamia ojeia antiparaqesh sto qema, kai twra, entelws aprosdokhta, epanerxetai ayto sto proskhnio me thn idia fraseologia toy parelqontos. Ean oi Boylgaroi ejakoloyqhsoyn na sklhrainoyn th stash toys sto shmeio ayto, piqanws na apodynamwsoyn se shmantiko baqmo th qesh twn Skopiwn stis dieqneis toys sxeseis kai epidiwjeis, enisxyontas sygxronws thn ellhnikh epixeirhmatologia gia to adiko ths diekdikhshs toy onomatos ''Makedonia''. An oi Boylgaroi synexisoyn na proballoyn ''istorikoys'' logoys sth dienejh toys me ta Skopia, qa ginei safestero stoys dytikoys, kai kyriws stoys Amerikanoys, oti h Istoria den einai kati poy eykola parakamptetai stis balkanikes sxeseis, kai oti aytoi poy thn epikaloyntai den einai mono oi Ellhnes. Bebaiws, se mia tetoia periptwsh, de qa eprepe na agnohqoyn ta nea problhmata ta opoia endexomenws qa proekyptan, oxi opwsdhpote eyxarista, sto apwtero mellon gia thn ellhnikh pleyra.

    To deytero stoixeio poy anferqhke me aformh thn prosfath mataiwsh ths episkechs toy Boylgaroy ypoyrgoy k.Pirinski htan h epeteios toy Giane Santanski (1872- 1915). Aytos den htan tyxaio proswpo ths neoterhs boylgarikhs istorias. Gennhmenos konta sta ellhnoboylgarika synora, yphrje apo ta isxyra stelexh ths gnwsths boylgarikhs ''Eswterikhs Makedono- Adrianopolitikhs Apeleyqerwtikhs Organwshs (BMRO), elabe meros sthn ejegersh toy Ilinten, kai yphrje foberos pokelist^r enantion twn Ellhnwn sto Makedoniko Agwna. Ayton oi Skopianoi twra ton qeloyn ''Makedona'', sterwntas toy metaqanatiws th boylgarikh eqnikh syneidhsh kai taytothta, pragma poy den exoyn kanei gia kamia proswpikothta ths Ellhnikhs istorias. Alla mesa s' ayth thn taktikh sterhshs ths eqnikothtas, oi Skopianoi exoyn entajei mia terastia pinakoqhkh proswpikothtwn, apo tis pio endojes ths boylgarikhs istorias. Gi' ayto to logo, osoi etyxe na gnwrizoyn kapws baqytera th boylgarikh istoria, dikaiologhmena anarwthqhkan otan plhroforhqhkan oti h Boylgaria anagnwrise th "Makedonia": ti qa ginei me to terastio ayto boylgariko parelqon, qa to apokhryjoyn telika oi Boylgaroi kai qa to xarisoyn stoys Skopianoys, akrwthriazontas etsi thn istoria toys me thn apokoph tmhmatos aiwnwn oloklhrwn, poy pantote -kai isws oxi adika- to qewroysan endojo kommati toy eqnikhs toys taytothtas;

    Oso kai an o k. Pirinski, pisw apo tis antirrhseis toy aytoy toy eidoys, ekrybe thn prospaqeia toy na prosetairistei thn sklhrh eqnikistikh bash gia tis prosexeis ekloges, stis opoies qa einai ypochfios gia to ajiwma toy Proedroy, pantws me ayth toy thn arnhsh na episkefqei ta Skopia einai adiamfisbhthto to gegonos oti taraxthkan ta fainomenikws hrema nera, kai hrqan sthn epifaneia sobarotata qemata poy ypefwskan hdh. To erwthma poy proballei twra einai: h ellhnikh pleyra qa qelhsei kai qa mporesei na ekmetalleytei ayth th Boylgarikh arnhsh gia idio ofelos, pragma poy qa to epiqymoysan polloi Ellhnes polites kai politikoi; Ayto einai ena megalo erwthma poy aiwreitai kiolas pia sthn atmosfaira.


    [D] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blash Blasidh)

    [14] H KAQIERWSH THS ERGATIKHS PRWTOMAGIAS STHN ELLADA

    H ergatikh Prwtomagia sthn Ellada eortasthke gia prwth fora to 1891, otan oi Ellhnes sosialistes apofasisan na dexqoyn thn apofash ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys toy 1889 na xrhsimopoihqei h 1h Maioy ws pagkosmia ergatikh eorth se anamnhsh ths megalhs aimathrhs apergias twn ergatwn toy Sikago thn 1h Maioy toy 1886.

    Gia ton eortasmo ths ergatikhs Prwtomagias ta dyo prwta xronia (1891, 1892) den yparxoyn polla stoixeia, dioti den asxolhqhke me to gegonos ayto o hmerhsios typos ths epoxhs. Gnwrizoyme monon oti h sygkentrwsh egine sthn Aqhna stis Sthles toy Olympioy Dios h sto Stadio kai oti omilhths htan o hgeths toy Kentrikoy Sosialistikoy Syllogoy, Stayros Kallerghs.

    Thn epomenh xronia, to 1893, h sygkentrwsh gia thn ergatikh Prwtomagia diejhxqh sto Stadio stis 5 m.m. me omilhtes ton patriarxh toy ellhnikoy sosialismoy, Platwna Drakoylh kai ton Stayro Kallergh. Anamesa stoys arketoys akroates, symfwna me tis efhmerides ths epoxhs diakrinontan kai 50-60 astynomikoi me ergatikes endymasies kai kokkines konkardes sto peto.

    H sygkentrwsh enekrine chfisma poy zhtoyse "... thn kaqierwsh ths Kyriakhs argias, 8wro wrario, apagoreysh ths anhlikhs ergasias, thn paroxh syntajewn kai thn jat\qcgsg ths proswpikhs krathshs gia xreh kai ths qanatikhs poinhs..". To chfisma diabasthke merikes hmeres argotera sth Boylh me apotelesma na syllhfqoyn polla stelexh twn sosialistwn kai na dialyqoyn oi ergatikes organwseis.

    Sth Qessalonikh, organwnetai gia prwth fora o eortasmos ths ergatikhs Prwtomagias to 1909, tria xronia prin thn apeleyqerwsh ths. Einai h prwth eorth ths ergatikhs Prwtomagias se olh thn Oqwmanikh aytokratoria. Organwths einai o Ergatikos Syndesmos Qessalonikhs, ena ebraiko ergatiko swmateio poy eixe systaqei ton prohgoymeno mhna me proedro ton Abraam Mpenarogia. H ekdhlwsh eixe th morfh mias polyariqmhs diadhlwshs stoys kentrikoys dromoys ths Qessalonikhs.

    Staqmos sto qesmo ths Prwtomagias htan h diorganwsh ths ergatikhs Prwtomagias to 1919, poy synodeythke kai apo thn khryjh panergatikhs apergias. Thn prohgoymenh xronia eixan idryqei h Genikh Synomospondia Ergatwn Ellados (GSEE) kai to Sosialistiko Ergatiko Komma Ellados (SEKE) o progonos toy KKE. H kybernhsh toy Eleyqerioy Benizeloy apagoreyse th sygkentrwsh twn ergatwn sto kentro ths Aqhnas. Telika h sygkentrwsh pragmatopoihqhke sta proasteia.

    Apo tote, allote eleyqera, allote me diwjeis, allote me mazikh proseleysh kosmoy kai allote me periorismenh aphxhsh diorganwnetai apo ta Ergatika Kentra h ergatikh Prwtomagia se oles tis poleis ths Elladas mexri shmera.


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