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MPA NEWS (13/12/1995)

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@uranus.eng.auth.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency Directory

ENHMERVTIKO DELTIO EIDHSEVN TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY

Uessalonikh 13 Dekembrioy 1995

[A] ESVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (ths Terezas Pentzopoyloy-Balala, kauhghtria Filosofikhs Sxolhs toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Uessalonikhs)

TITLOI EIDHSEVN


PERIEXOMENA

[A] ESVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] DEN EXEI METABLHUEI H KATASTASH THS YGEIAS TOY PRVUYPOYRGOY

  • [02] OI APOFASEIS THS SYNODOY KORYFHS THS MADRITHS UA KRINOYN TO MELLON THS EYRVPAIKHS ENVSHS

  • [03] H NEA DHMOKRATIA UA KATACHFISEI KAI TA KONDYLIA GIA THN EUNIKH AMYNA,POY PROBLEPONTAI STON PROYPOLOGISMO

  • [04] THN ANANEVSH TVN SYMFVNIVN SYNERGASIAS ELLADAS- RVSIAS YPEGRACAN O K. PAPOYLIAS KAI O S. KRILOF

  • [05] PRVTOKOLLO AMYNTIKHS SYMFVNIAS YPEGRACAN ELLADA- ALBANIA

  • [06] XVROYS GIA EGKATASTASH, ANAZHTA TO SAE

  • [07] ENDIAFERON GIA THN IDRYSH ELLHNOROYMANIKHS ETAIREIAS KAUARIOTHTAS STH ROYMANIA

  • [08] ELPIDES NA APOKTHSEI H ISRAHLITIKH KOINOTHTA UESSALONIKHS ANTIGRAFO TOY ARXEIOY THS POY XAUHKE STHN KATOXH

  • [B] EJVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [09] EPIKYRVUHKE H TELVNEIAKH SYNDESH TOYRKIAS - E.E.

  • [10] TO EUNIKO SYMBOYLIO THS KYPROY APERRICE TIS PROTASEIS NTEKTAS GIA ENTAJH THS OMOSPONDHS KYPROY STHN EYRVPAIKH ENVSH

  • [11] NEA FORMOYLA GIA LYSH TOY KYPRIAKOY

  • [12] H FIFA APERRICE AITHMA TOYRKOKYPRIAKHS ANTIPROSVPEIAS GIA IDRYSH "EUNIKHS OMADAS"

  • [13] HPA:OI SYNOMILIES GIA TO ONOMA THS PGDM UA SYNEXISUOYN

  • [14] B.TOPOYRKOFSKI:POLYPLOKH YPOUESH TO UEMA THS ONOMASIAS TVN SKOPIVN

  • [15] PROGRAMMA BOHUEIAS GIA TH METAPOLEMIKH PERIODO STH GIOYGKOSLABIA

  • [16] DIHMERO SYNEDRIO ME UEMA "ANEJIURHSKEIA, DHMOKRATIA KAI KRATIKH POLITIKH" PRAGMATOPOIHUHKE STH SOFIA

  • [17] SYMFVNIA SYNERGASIAS STON TOMEA TVN THLEPIKOINVNIVN YPEGRACAN BOYLGARIA KAI ROYMANIA

  • [18] APO THN PARAOIKONOMIA TO 1/3 TOY BOYLGARIKOY A.E.P.

  • [19] ANTAGVNISMOS, POLEMOI KAI EJEGERSEIS GIA TA PETRELAIA THS KASPIAS

  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (ths Terezas Pentzopoyloy-Balala, kauhghtria Filosofikhs Sxolhs toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Uessalonikhs)

  • [20] O ROLOS THS GYNAIKAS STIS EPIXEIRHSEIS KAI TON TOYRISMO


  • [A] ESVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] DEN EXEI METABLHUEI H KATASTASH THS YGEIAS TOY PRVUYPOYRGOY

    Den exei metablhuei h katastash ths ygeias toy prvuypoyrgoy Andrea Papandreoy symfvna me to teleytaio shmerino iatriko anakoinvuen.

    Sygkekrimena anaferei oti "to teleytaio ejavro h katastash ths ygeias toy prvuypoyrgoy den exei metablhuei. H anapneystikh leitoyrgia ginetai xvris mhxanikh yposthrijh. H nefrikh leitoyrgia yposthrizetai apo texnhto nefro. H kardiakh leitoyrgia den paroysiazei kamia metabolh".

    O k. Libanhs o opoios anegnvse to iatriko anakoinvuen dhlvse oti den gnvrizei gia diafvnies giatrvn poy aforoyn thn kardiakh katastash toy prvuypoyrgoy.

    [02] OI APOFASEIS THS SYNODOY KORYFHS THS MADRITHS UA KRINOYN TO MELLON THS EYRVPAIKHS ENVSHS

    Ejairetika endiaferoysa xarakthrizetai, ap'oles tis pleyres, h Synodos Koryfhs ths Madriths, poy ua diejaxuei stis 15 kai 16 Dekembrioy. Apo tis apofaseis ths ua kriuei to mellon ths Eyrvpaikhs Envshs kai o rolos poy ua diadramatisoyn, sthn poreia pros thn eyrvpaikh oloklhrvsh ta krath-melh. Allvste, o idios o proedros ths Eyrvpaikhs Epitrophs Zak Santer, dhlvse pvs prepei na mpei ena telos sth diaxyth abebaiothta gia to mellon ths Eyrvphs.

    Gia prvth fora o prvuypoyrgos Andreas Papandreoy, den ua parei meros se ergasies Synodoy Koryfhs ths Eyrvpaikhs Envshs, logv tvn problhmatvn poy antimetvpizei me thn ygeia toy. Ua ton antikatasthsei o anaplhrvn ton prvuypoyrgo, prvtos sthn tajh ypoyrgos. Akhs Tsoxatzopoylos. Mazi toy ua einai sth Madrith, ekprosvpvntas th xvra mas, o ypoyrgos Ejvterikvn Karolos Papoylias, o ypoyrgos Eunikhs Oikonomias Giannos Papantvnioy kai o anaplhrvths ypoyrgos Ejvterikvn Givrgos Rvmaios.

    H ellhnikh apostolh anaxvrei gia thn Ispania ayrio kai ua epistrecei thn Kyriakh.

    Xues synhlue sthn Auhna h Kybernhtikh Epitroph, ypo thn proedria toy Akh Tsoxatzopoyloy kai syzhthse diejodika th strathgikh poy ua akoloyuhsei h ellhnikh pleyra, toso sth Synodo Koryfhs, oso kai apenanti se mia endexomenh epishmh prosklhsh ths Tansoy Tsiler apo thn Ispanikh proedria.

    Anamesa sta endexomena poy ejetasthkan, an h Ispania kalesei epishmvs thn Toyrkia se kapoia synanthsh me toy "15" sth diarkeia ths Synodoy, einai kai h kataggelia ejvuesmikvn meuodeysevn apo thn Ispamij^ proedria. (Diaforetikh bebaia ua einai h stash ths ellhnikhs pleyras, an perioristei h k.Tsiler se synanthsh me thn Ispanikh proedria kai ton proedro ths Eyrvpaikhs Epitrophs Zak Santer).

    Pantvs askoyntai pieseis apo etairoys mas me proejarxoysa th Germania gia epishmh prosklhsh Tsiler sth Synodo ths Madriths. Prepei na shmeivuei oti h Toyrkia den exei dikaivma symmetoxhs sth synanthsh poy ua exoyn oi dekapente hgetes ths Eyrvpaikhs Envshs me toys hgetes tvn kratvn ths Kentrikhs kai Anatolikhs Eyrvphs, ths Kyproy kai ths Maltas gia th dieyrynsh ths Envshs.

    To zhtoymeno sthn periptvsh, einai poia dynatothta "eligmvn" ua dvsei ston eayto ths h Ispanikh proedria vste ta uemata uesmvn ths Eyrvpaikhs Envshs na ta ermhneysei pros idion symferon. (Na uymisoyme oti sth Synodo Koryfhs tvn Kannvn, o prvuypoyrgos Andreas Papandreoy eixe antidrasei poly entona otan o Ispanos prvuypoyrgos Felipe Gkonzales eipe oti eixe thn prouesh na kalesei epishmvs thn Tansoy Tsiler sth Synodo ths Madriths, me apotelesma thn ypanaxvrhsh, tote, ths Ispanikhs proedrias).

    Opvs kai na exoyn ta pragmata h ellhnikh pleyra exei jekauarismenes ueseis gia to zhthma ayto.

    H symmetoxh toy Akh Tsoxatzopoyloy sth Synodo Koryfhs, ua apotelesei th shmantikoterh paroysia toy sth dieunh diplvmatikh skhnh, symfvna me dhmosieymata jenvn efhmeridvn. Hdh exei enhmervuei plhrvs gia ta uemata ths Synodoy, ta opoia einai:

    PRVTON: H Diakybernhtikh Diaskech toy 1996 gia thn anauevrhsh ths Synuhkhs toy Maastrixt. Symfvna me to aruro IV, par.2 ths Synuhkhs: "to 1996 ua sygklhuei diaskech tvn antiprosvpvn tvn kybernhsevn tvn kratvn- melvn gia na ejetastoyn, symfvna me toys stoxoys ths Envshs, oi diatajeis ths paroysas Synuhkhs gia tis opoies problepetai anauevrhsh".

    Milame gia to neo xronodiagramma poreias ths Eyrvphs. Edv ua paijoyn kauoristiko rolo oi eishghseis ths Germanias kai Gallias, poy stoxo exoyn th uesmouethsh enos Dieyuynthrioy.

    DEYTERON: H Oikonomikh kai Nomismatikh Enopoihsh (ONE). To zhthma uevreitai kai einai krisimo gia th uesh ths xvras mas sto mellon sthn Eyrvpaikh Envsh. Sth Madrith ua lhfuoyn apofaseis gia ton tropo metabashs sthn trith fash ths ONE.

    H krish gia to poies xvres ua paroyn meros prepei na ginei evs ton Ioylio toy 1998.

    Gia th metabash sto eniaio nomisma ths Koinothtas, oi apofaseis exoyn paruei sto Symboylio Ypoyrgvn. H metabash ua ginei apo thn 1h Ianoyrioy 1999. To eniaio eyrvpaiko nomisma ua legetai "EYRV" kai deytero synuetiko to onoma kaue eyrvpaikoy nomismatos.

    TRITON: H dieyrynsh pros tis xvres ths Kentrikhs kai Anatolikhs Eyrvphs, opvs kai pros thn Kypro kai Malta. Apo thn ellhnikh pleyra den yparxei antirrhsh, efoson thrhuei to xronodiagramma gia thn enarjh tvn diapragmateysevn me thn Kypro. (h enarjh toy telikoy dialogoy gia thn entajh ths Kyproy kai ths Maltas ua nejim^sei to 1998 kai ua diarkesei mia dietia).

    Opvs prosfata dhlvse o k.Givrgos Rvmaios, h Auhna kai h Leykvsia den exoyn antirrhsh na arxisoyn mazi me thn Kypro kai th Malta diapragmateyseis kai gia tis xvres ths Anatolikhs Eyrvphs, efoson den kauysterhsei h enarjh diapragmateysevn gia thn Kypro.

    Sth Synodo Koryfhs ths Madriths ua syzhthuoyn epishs meizona uemata, opvs h apasxolhsh, o ratsismos kai h jenofobia, h Europol (Eyrvpaikh Astynomia), h antagvnistikothta tvn eyrvpaikvn proiontvn, h ekpaideysh, h Koinh Agrotikh Politikh, h Perifereiakh Politikh, h beltivsh ths nomouesias.

    [03] H NEA DHMOKRATIA UA KATACHFISEI KAI TA KONDYLIA GIA THN EUNIKH AMYNA,POY PROBLEPONTAI STON PROYPOLOGISMO

    O proedros ths Neas Dhmokratias M.Ebert anakoinvse shmera oti to komma toy ua katachfisei,sth diarkeia ths syzhthshs toy proypologismoy sth Boylh,kai ta kondylia poy problepontai gia to ypoyrgeio Eunikhs Amynas.

    O k.Ebert proebh sthn dhlvsh ayth meta th synanthsh poy eixe me ekprosvpoys tvn apostratvn,oi opoioi toy ejeuesan ta problhmata alla kai to aithma gia anaprosarmogh tvn misuvn kai tvn syntajevn."Ean mexri meuayrio katateuei to neo misuologio tvn ajivmatikvn kai tvn apostratvn,tote ua yperchfisoyme tis sxetikes dapanes" symplhrvse o k.Ebert kai prosuese pvs logoi arxhs den epitrepoyn sto komma toy thn yperchfish tvn kondylivn,afoy ,mexri tvra, den exoyn thrhuei oi yposxeseis ths kybernhshs.

    Apantvntas sthn epishmansh tvn apostratvn oti o yfypoyrgos Amynas Nik.Koyrhs yposthrizei oti ta kommata ths antipoliteyshs me th stash toys den bohuoyn thn kybernhsh na ferei to neo misuologio sth Boylh,giati to syndeoyn kai me ta Svmata Asfaleias,opote to kostos fuanei sta 150-200 disekatommyria,o proedros ths Neas Dhmokratias eipe,oti to uema einai aplo,na paei h kybernhsh sthn antipoliteysh h na paei h antipoliteysh sthn kybernhsh gia na lysoyme to problhma".

    [04] THN ANANEVSH TVN SYMFVNIVN SYNERGASIAS ELLADAS- RVSIAS YPEGRACAN O K. PAPOYLIAS KAI O S. KRILOF

    Dihmerh episkech sthn xvra mas pragmatopoiei o Rvsos anaplhrvths ypoyrgos ejvterikvn. O k.Krilof kai o ypoyrgos ejvterikvn Karolos Papoylias ypegracan thn ananevsh tvn symfvnivn synergasias Elladas-Rvsias.

    O Ellhnas ypoyrgos ejvterikvn milvntas stoys dhmosiografoys tonise: "H paroysia toy Rvsoy ajivmatoyxoy kai h shmerinh ypografh ths symfvnias kauvs kai ayth poy ua ypografei ayrio gia morfvtikh synergasia metajy tvn dyo xvrvn, deixnei thn dynamikh anaptyjh tvn sxesevn Elladas-Rvsias. H symfvnia symbatikoy plaisioy synergasias metajy tvn dyo xvrvn epanabebaivnei tis symfvnies poy isxyan metajy ths xvras mas kai ths prvhn Sobietikhs envshs kai oi opoies tiuentai se neo plaisio isxyos. Oi symfvnies poy upocq\vomtai metajy Elladas-Rvsias den menoyn sta xartia alla exoyn kai praktikh efarmogh sto plaisio poy anaptyssetai ayth h filia kai h synergasia se oloys toys tomeis" tonise o k. Papoylias.

    Prosuese epishs oti "h Ellada uevrei pollh shmantikes tis sxeseis me thn Rvsia ypenuymizontas thn synergasia poy yphrxe metajy ths Ellhnikhs kai ths Rvsikhs kybernhshs sthn diarkeia ths Bosniakhs krishs. Oi dyo xvres synebalan idiaitera sthn proodo ths eirhneytikhs diadikasias oi opoies yposthrizan thn ejeyresh politikhs lyshs sto Bosniako mesa apo diapragmateyseis kai h symfvnia Nteiton apodeiknyei akribvs thn anagkaiothta ayths ths lyshs. Ellada kai Rvsia ua synergastoyn sthn efarmogh ths symfvnias ayths kauvs kai sthn anasygkrothsh ths Bosnias-Erzegobinhs".

    Se ervthsh dhmosiografvn o ypoyrgos ejvterikvn eipe oti kata tis synomilies syzhthuhke kai to uema toy petrelaiagvgoy poy ua syndeei thn Ellada me thn Rvsia. O k. Papoylias eipe oti to uema brisketai se ejelijh kai grhgora ua ypografei to trimeres prvtokolo synergasias Rvsias-Boylgarias-Elladas gia thn ylopoihsh toy ergoy.

    O k. Krilof eipe oti oi sxeseis metajy tvn dyo xvrvn briskontai se poly kalo epipedo kai yparxei h dynatothta gia peraiterv anaptyjh se oloys toys tomeis Sthn synanthsh syzhthuhke kai to Kypriako. O k. Papoylias xairetise to endiaferon ths Rvsikhs kybernhshs gia thn epilysh toy tonizontas oti h Ellada uevrei thn Rvsia vs shmantiko paragonta poy mporei kai exei thn dynamh na symbalei uetika gia thn epilysh toy Kypriakoy problhmatos

    [05] PRVTOKOLLO AMYNTIKHS SYMFVNIAS YPEGRACAN ELLADA- ALBANIA

    Prvtokollo amyntikhs symfvnias metajy Elladas kai Albanias ypegracan shmera sto ypoyrgeio Eunikhs Amynas oi arxhgoi GEEUA tvn dyo xvrvn, nayarxos Xr.Lymperhs kai antistrathgos Seme Koysoba antistoixa.

    To prvtokollo apotelei synexeia tvn amyntikvn symfvnivn poy ypografthkan to 1992,apo thn hgesia tvn ypoyrgeivn Amynas tvn dyo xvrvn.H amyntikh symfvnia afora stoys tomeis ths ekpaideyshs ajivmatikvn ygeionomikoy kai ths strativtikhs bohueias.O Albanos arxhgos afoy ejefrase aisiodojia gia peraiterv synergasia metajy tvn Enoplvn Dynamevn tvn dyo xvrvn,epeshmane oti o albanikos stratos brisketai sthn prvth fash ths anadiorganvshs toy kai synergazetai me dynameis tvn xvrvn -melvn toy NATO,opvs h Ellada.

    O antistrathgos Seme Koysoba ejefrase epishs th bebaiothta oti ayth th fora ua ylopoihuoyn ola osa problepontai sto prvtokollo ths amyntikhs symfvnias,giati opvs eipe,oi dyo pleyres asxoloyntai pleon sobara me ta uemata ayta.

    O Albanos anvtatos strativtikos egine dektos apo ton ypoyrgo Eunikhs Amynas Ger.Arsenh kai ton yfypoyrgo Niko Koyrh.Ua episkefuei epishs ,kata thn paramonh toy sthn Ellada,monades Eidikvn Dynamevn kai thn Ajq|pokg.Opvs eipe pantvs,anamenetai sthn Ellada,toys prvtoys mhnes toy 1996 o ypoyrgos Amynas ths Albanias Safet Zoylali.

    [06] XVROYS GIA EGKATASTASH, ANAZHTA TO SAE

    Xvroys gia thn amesh egkatastash toy sth Uessalonikh, anazhta to Symboylio Apodhmoy Ellhnismoy, env parallhla arxizei h diorganvsh ths grammateiakhs yposthrijhs aytoy toy toso shmantikoy gia thn apantaxoy ths ghs ellhnikh Omogeneia. Gia to skopo ayto, stis arxes ths prosexoys ebdomados prokeitai na pragmatopoihuei syskech me th symmetoxh toy ypoyrgoy Makedonias-Urakhs Kvn. Triaridh, toy armodioy gia uemata apodhmoy ellhnismoy Yfypoyrgoy Ejvterikvn Grhgorh Nivth kai ekprosvpvn forevn ths Makedonikhs prvteyoysas prokeimenoy na ejeyreuei to ktirio poy ua stegasei prosvrina th grammateia toy SAE.

    Metajy tvn xvrvn, gia toys opoioys ginetai diereynhsh, perilambanontai to periptero 15 ths HELEXPO- DEU, to Politistiko Kentro ths Nomarxias Uessalonikhs, poy to prosferei eyxaristvs o nomarxhs k. Kvstas Papadopoylos, to ktirio toy "Papafeioy", gia to opoio omvs yparxoyn orismena problhmata, kauvs kai ena neoklassiko ktirio epi ths odoy Ermoy.

    Pantvs, opvs dhlvse o yfypoyrgos Ejvterikvn k. Gr. Nivths, mexri ta telh Ianoyarioy ua exei lyuei to uema ejeyreshs steghs gia to Symboylio Apodhmoy Ellhnismoy, prokeimenoy stis 15 kai 16 Febroyarioy, h neoeklegmenh Ektelestiukh Epitroph toy SAE, poy ua eruei gia na synedriasei sth Uessalonikh, na mporesei na pragmatopoihsei th synedriash ayth sta grafeia toy Symboylioy.

    Opvs hdh anakoinvuhke, to 1997 to Symboylio Apodhmoy Ellhnismoy ua stegastei monima sto ktirio toy allote ergostasioy "YFANET", poy to paraxvrhse gia th xrhsh ayth h Eunikh Trapeza ths Ellados, sthn opoia anhkei. Env xues, o anaplhrvnvn ton Prvuypoyrgo, ypoyrgos Esvterikvn, Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai Apokentrvshs k. A. Tsoxatzopoylos, sth diarkeia ths episkechs poy pragmatopoihse sto grafeio toy to neoeklegmeno proedreio toy SAE, desmeyuhke gia thn ejeyresh apo kratikoys poroys toy posoy toy enos disekatommyrioy draxmvn, to opoio ua apaithuei gia thn ektelesh tvn ergvn sthn YFANET.

    Sto metajy, stis 8 Ianoyarioy, prokeitai na synedriasei sth Uessalonikh, se plhrh synuesh, h Organvtikh Epitroph toy synedrioy toy SAE, mazi me th diakommatikh epitroph ths Boylhs gia ton apodhmo ellhnismo, prokeimenoy na ginei apologismos alla kai na yparjei programmatismos gia tis peraiterv drasthriothtes ths Organvtikhs Epitrophs.

    [07] ENDIAFERON GIA THN IDRYSH ELLHNOROYMANIKHS ETAIREIAS KAUARIOTHTAS STH ROYMANIA

    Endiaferon gia thn idrysh meikths ellhnoroymanikhs etaireias yphresivn kauariothtas, sto Ploesti ths Qoulam_ar ekdhlvuhke apo thn kratikh roymanikh epixeirhsh S.C SALUS S.A kata th diarkeia ths dihmeridas epixeirhmatikvn synanthsevn poy diorganvnei h Anaptyjiakh Etaireia Nomoy Uessalonikhs se synergasia me thn Eurodec Foundation poy apotelei forea anaptyjhs ths perioxhs toy Ploesti.

    Sthn dihmerida poy arxise shmera to prvi stis egkatastaseis ths ETBA sthn Sindo metexoyn 14 Roymanoi epixeirhmaties poy ekprosvpoyn 9 megales epixeirhseis kauvs kai ekprosvpoi 35 megalvn ellhnikvn epixeirhsevn. Stoxos ths dihmeridas einai h provuhsh synergasivn metajy epixeirhsevn ths Uessalonikhs kai toy Ploesti mesa sto genikotero plaisio ths anaptyjhs stenvn kai fereggyvn sxesevn metajy tvn epixeirhsevn ths Balkanikhs, gegonos poy apotelei anagkaiothta sto neo oikonomiko plaisio poy anaptyssetai sthn perioxh.

    O proedros ths Anaptyjiakhs Etaireias Uessalonikhs kai dhmarxos Sindoy k Gevrgios Arbanitidhs epishmane oti metajy tvn stoxvn ths etaireias einai h yposthrijh tvn mikromesaivn epixeirhsevn ths perioxhs, me idiaitero baros se ayth th fash sthn ypobohuhsh tvn epixeirhsevn ston tomea anaptyjhs sxesevn me epixeirhseis allvn xvrvn kai idiaitera ths Balkanikhs. 'Opvs tonise sth synexeia o symboylos ths Anaptyjiakhs Etaireias Uessalonikhs k Ivannhs Ivannidhs "ajiopoivntas ta sygkritika pleonekthmata logv ths gevgrafikhs mas xvrouethshs kai tvn istorikvn mas katabolvn kai dhmioyrgvntas sterees kai eilikrineis sxeseis metajy mas eimaste se uesh na symballoyme oysiastika pleon sthn anadeijh tvn Balkanivn vs mias megalhs oikonomikhs ontothtas". O proedros ths Eurodec Foundation k Horia Toma paroysiase to nomo ths Praxoba kai to Ploesti kauvs kai oikonomika stoixeia gia thn etaireia poy ekprosvpei

    Shmeivnetai oti h roymanikh apostolh xrhmatodoteitai apo to koinotiko programma Phare, to opoio parexei th dynatothta episkecevn se oikonomikes apostoles prokeimenoy na diereynhsoyn tis dynatothtes synergasias se xvres ths Eyrvpaikhs Envshs

    Anamenetai oti ayrio ua diamorfvuei mia prvth eikona tvn endiaferontvn env problepetai embauynsh ayths ths synergasias mesv enos idiaiteroy koinotikoy programmatos toy Ouveture, poy ua provuhuei kai me to opoio ua ginei mia prospaueia na ginei mia synergasia me thn Anaptyjiakh Etaireia Uessalonikhs, ths Eurodec Foundation kai kai enan xrhmatodotiko organismo sthn Lombardia ths Italias. Me ayton ton tropo problepetai oti h synergasia ayth ua mpei se kapoies diaforetikes baseis kai ua parei pio organvmenh morfh me synanthseis ekueseis klp.

    [08] ELPIDES NA APOKTHSEI H ISRAHLITIKH KOINOTHTA UESSALONIKHS ANTIGRAFO TOY ARXEIOY THS POY XAUHKE STHN KATOXH

    Oi elpides na apokthsei h israhlitikh koinothta ths Uessalonikhs to xameno ths arxeio, ena polytimo liuari poy synuetei thn istoria toy Israhl, estv kai se amt_cqava, anaptervnontai. Opvs epishmainei milvntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsevn h kauhghtria toy panepisthmioy ths Tel Abib k Minna Rozen, h opoia anakalyce to xameno arxeio sth Mosxa to 1992, hdh exei mikrofvtografhuei to 60% kai metaferuhke sto Israhl opoy prokeitai na ginei h epejergasia mesv hlektronikoy ypologisth kai ua mporei na douei kai sthn Israhlitikh Koinothta ths Uessalonikhs. H oloklhrvsh ths mikrofvtografishs toy arxeioy anamenetai na oloklhrvuei mexri thn anoijh toy 1996.

    To sxedio ths mikrofvtografishs toy arxeioy, to opoio apoteleitai apo yliko triakosivn kibvtivn kai breuhke anamesa sta arxeia ths KGB , ua stoixisei 200 xiliades dolaria env h epejergasia toy anamenetai na oloklhrvuei se pente xronia opote kai ua mporei na eruei sth Uessalonikh se morfh CD-ROM.

    Opvs ejalloy epishmainei o proedros ths Israhlitikhs koinothtas Uessalonikhs, poy shmera ariumei mono 1100 atoma, k Andreas Sefixa, apo to 1992 eixe zhthuei dia ths diplvmatikhs odoy h metafora toy arxeioy sth Uessalonikh xvris omvs kanena apotelesma. "Shmera omvs ayto ginetai pragmatikothta. Den exei shmasia oti ua arghsei na eruei. To shmantiko einai oti ua yparxei sthn polh h opoia mporei na katastei enas polos eljhs gia toys melethtes kai ereynhtes ths ebraikhs istorias. Zhthsame malista th dhmioyrgia edras ebraikhs paroysias sto APU h opoia ua syndyastei me mia edra ellhnikhs istorias sth Tel Abib" ypogrammizei tonizontas parallhla oti h Uessalonikh ua mporoyse na ejelixtei se kentro ebraikvn spoydvn. Symfvna me ton k Sefixa mono sthn Ispania exoyn ginei 40 didaktorikes diatribes me uema thn ebraikh paroysia sth Mesogeio, to shmantikotero meros ths opoias apoteloyse h ebraikh koinothta ths Uessalonikhs , h opoia htan kai h megalyterh meta thn ejodo apo thn Ispania to 1492

    "Exei megalh istorikh ajia gia mas giati opvs jerete prin thn idrysh toy Israhl oi Ebraioi htan diaskorpismenoi se diafores xvres ths ghs kai stoixeia apo thn istoria toys synuetoyn thn istoria toy Israhl" epishmainei h k Rozen tonizontas pvs h Israhlitikh koinothta ths Uessalonikhs htan poly megalh prin thn ejontvsoyn oi Germanoi. "Xvris ta arxeia ua htan dyskolo na synuesoyme thn istoria mas giati ua eprepe na basistoyme mono se martyries" synexizei.

    To arxeia ths Israhlitikhs koinothtas ths Uessalonikhs einai symfvna me thn k Rozen monadikhs ajias giati periexoyn stoixeia gia th zvh tvn Ebraivn poy ezhsan sthn polh metajy tvn opoivn kai pistopoihtika me fvtografies. Einai poly sygkinhtiko, leei, na blepeis tis fvtografies anurvpvn poy den yparxoyn pia, na mauaineis poioi htan pote gennhuhkan pote pantreythkan.

    To arxeio ths israhlitikhs koinothtas eixe katasxeuei kata th diarkeia ths katoxhs apo thn epitroph Rozenmpergk kai metaferuhke sto institoyto ereynas toy ebraikoy zhthmatos ths Fragkfoyrths poy eixe skopo thn ereyna tvn ebraikvn arxeivn ths Eyrvphs prokeimenoy na sygkentrvuoyn stoixeia gia toys Ebraioys jai na dhmioyrghuei argotera, otan pia oi Ebraioi ua eixan ejontvuei, ena moyseio . To 1945 metaferuhkan kapoy alloy kai ystera xauhkan. Oloi agnooysan thn yparjh toys mexri poy ta anakalyce h k Rozen sth Mosxa kai ta ereynhse.

    H k Rozen epishmainei kai thn ajia poy exoyn ta arxeia ths Israhlitikhs koinothtas ths Uessalonikhs kai gia thn esvterikh istoria giati opvs leei periexoyn stoixeia gia thn esvterikh organvsh ths koinothtas, thn domh ths, thn koinvnikh istoria, tis sxeseis tvn Israhlitvn metajy toys, tis oikogeneiakes sxeseis klp.


    [B] EJVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [09] EPIKYRVUHKE H TELVNEIAKH SYNDESH TOYRKIAS - E.E.

    Epikyrvuhke shmera sto Eyrvpaiko koinoboylio h telvneiakh syndesh Toyrkias - Eyrvpaikhs Envshs me 343 chfoys yper, 149 kata kai 46 apoxes. Kata ths telvneiakhs Envshs Toyrkias - E.E. taxuhkan oloi oi Ellhnes eyrvboyleytes.

    H telvneiakh syndesh einai pleon gegonos para to oti eixe zhthuei anabolh ths chfoforias mexris otoy lyuei to Koyrdiko kai epeluei proodos sthn Toyrkia ston tomea toy ekdhmokratismoy kai tvn anurvpinvn dikaivmatvn.

    [10] TO EUNIKO SYMBOYLIO THS KYPROY APERRICE TIS PROTASEIS NTEKTAS GIA ENTAJH THS OMOSPONDHS KYPROY STHN EYRVPAIKH ENVSH

    To euniko symboylio ths Kyproy aperrice shmera to deytero eggrafo to opoio paredvse o Amerikanos Presbhs Ritsarnt Mpaoytser ston proedro Klhridh kai to opoio anefere oti h Toyrkokypriakh pleyra apodexetai thn entajh ths omospondhs Kyproy sthn Eyrvpaikh envsh me thn proypouesh na anagnvristei h kyriarxia kai h politikh isothta tvn Toyrkokyprivn.

    To euniko symboylio ua syneluei stis 23 Dekembrioy gia na apofasisei toys peraiterv xeirismoys kai thn analhch prvtoboylivn apo thn Kypriakh kybernhsh.

    O kybernhtikos ekprosvpos Giannakhs Xasoylidhs tonise oti h protash ths Toyrkikhs pleyras periexei "aparadektes ajivseis" tis opoies h Kypriakh pleyra den apodexetai. Se ervthsh an exoyn enhmervuei oi arxhgoi kommatvn gia thn apanthsh toy symboylioy ston ervthmatologio poy eixe ypoballei o k. Mpaoytser o k. Kasoylidhs apanthse uetika.

    [11] NEA FORMOYLA GIA LYSH TOY KYPRIAKOY

    Nea formoyla gia lysh toy Kypriakoy dhmosieyei h toyrkikh efhmerida "Xoyrriet". Symfvna me thn toyrkikh efhmerida, h nea formoyla problepei thn katarghsh tvn toyrkikvn eggyhsevn,thn apoxvrhsh toy toyrkikoy stratoy kai antikatastash toys me mia dieunh dynamh ypo th dioikhsh ths Eyrvpaikhs Envshs h toy NATO.

    Megalos ariumos toyrkikvn strateymatvn ua apoxvrhsei apo thn Kypro,env mikros ariumos andrvn tvn toyrkikvn enoplvn dynamevn ua parameinei sta katexomena kai ua einai epifortismenos me thn asfaleia tvn Toyrkokyprivn.O idios ariumos Ellhnvn strativtvn ua parameinei stis eleyueres perioxes gia thn asfaleia tvn Ellhnokyprivn.

    Symfvna omvs me thn efhmerida,oyte h Toyrkia alla oyte to periballon toy Raoyf Ntenktas blepoyn "me kalo mati" thn piuanologoymenh nea formoyla.

    H "Xoyrriet" anaferei akomh,oti o Amerikanos yfypoyrgos Ejvterikvn Ritsarnt Xolmproyk ua episkefuei thn Toyrkia meta thn analhch tvn kauhkontvn apo th nea jub]qmgsg poy ua prokycei apo tis ekloges ths 24hs Dekembrioy.

    Sto metajy,h efhmerida "Geni Gioyzgil" dhmosieyei synenteyjh toy epikefalhs ths monimhs antiprosvpeias ths Toyrkias sta Hnvmena Eunh Inal Mpatoy.O Toyrkos presbhs afoy anaferei oti "kaneis den prepei na anamenei poly megales edafikes paraxvrhseis sto Kypriako" epishmainei oti "einai dynaton na epiblhuoyn periorismoi sth diakinhsh,sto dikaivma idiokthsias kai sthn egkatastash tvn Ellhnokyprivn sto boreio tmhma ths Kyproy". "Ua ekdhlvuei shmantikh amerikanikh prvtoboylia,ypogrammizei o Inal Mpatoy,alla elpizv oti h prvtoboylia ayth de ua exei thn morfh epibolhs stios dyo koinothtes sxedioy poy ua exoyn etoimasei oi HPA.To prvto pragma poy prepei na kanoyn oi Hnvmenes Politeies einai na ypoxrevsoyn ton Klhridh na parakauhsei sto trapezi tvn diapragmateysevn.O Klhridhs exei syndesei to kypriako me thn telvneiakh envsh,alla kai thn entajh ths Kyproy sthn Eyrvpaikh Envsh."

    O Toyrkos diplvmaths ,apantvntas se sxetikh ervthsh gia to an entaxuei h Kypros nvritera apo thn Toyrkia sthn E.E. tonise pvs "ektos apo thn Ellada h Eyrvpaikh Envsh den uelei na "fortvuei to Kypriako".H E.E. uelei prvta lysh kai meta entajh" eipe xarakthristika.Kai prosuese oti "h eyxh ths Toyrkias einai na yparjei taytoxronh entajh sthn E.E. ths Toyrkias kai mias Omospondhs Kyproy.

    [12] H FIFA APERRICE AITHMA TOYRKOKYPRIAKHS ANTIPROSVPEIAS GIA IDRYSH "EUNIKHS OMADAS"

    H ektelestikh epitroph ths Pagkosmias Omospondias Podosfairoy (FIFA) kata th synedriash ths sto Parisi, aperrice to aithma ths toyrkokypriakhs antiprosvpeias gia anagnvrish "eunikhs omospondias" alla kai ths antistoixhs "epishmhs kai kanonikhs" symmetoxhs ths se oles tis dieuneis organvseis.

    H epitroph aperrice to aithma me to epixeirhma oti "idrysh kai leitoyrgia eunikhs omospondias dikaioyntai mono ta krath-melh toy OHE". H FIFA epetrece stoys Toyrkokyprioys na dinoyn filikoys agvnes sta katexomena, alla oxi thn idrysh "eunikhs omadas", epesthse omvs thn prosoxh oti sthn periptvsh poy ua paraboyn toys kanonismoys ths, h FIFA ua apagoreysei th diejagvgh akoma kai aytvn tvn filikvn agvnvn.

    [13] HPA:OI SYNOMILIES GIA TO ONOMA THS PGDM UA SYNEXISUOYN

    "Oi Hnvmenes Politeies diathroyn stenes sxeseis me thn Ellada kai th PGDM, dyo xvres files tvn HPA kai to endiaferon mas gia thn ejomalynsh tvn metajy sas sxesevn ua synexistei" tonise se synenteyjh toy sthn kratikh thleorash tvn Skopivn o ektelvn xreh presbeyth tvn HPA sth PGDM k. Biktor Komras apantvntas se ervthsh an exei kleisei gia tis HPA to uema tvn sxesevn Auhnvn- Skopivn ystera apo thn ypografh ths endiameshs sulvym_ar sth Nea Yorkh.

    Gia to uema ths onomasias ths geitonikhs xvras o k. Komras epikalesuhke th symfvnia ths Neas Yorkhs sthn opoia shmeivse oti anaferetai oti oi synomilies gia tis diafores poy yparxoyn gyrv apo to uema ths onomasias ua synexistoyn kai proseuese oti kai oi dyo pleyres ueloyn na ejomalynuoyn oi sxeseis toys kai ayto ua prepei na ginei panv se dimeres plaisio.

    "Emeis den exoyme alles idees kai skopoys, ueloyme na bohuhsoyme gia na ergastoyn oi dyo xvres epoikodomhtika",eipe xarakthristika o Amerikanos diplvmaths.

    O k. Komras dhlvse oti to uema ths onomasias ths xvras einai uema Elladas kai PGDM kai kata synepeia oi dyo xvres ua prepei na broyn thn lysh toy kai epishmane oti "oi HPA den ueloyn na periplejoyn ta pragmata sthn perioxh, ypenuymizontas oti h Oyasigkton anagnvrise ta Skopia me to prosvrino onoma PGDM me to opoio h xvra egine dekth ston Organismo Hnvmenvn Eunvn.

    Anaferomenos stis sxeseis HPA-PGDM o k. Komras ypogrammise oti yparxoyn polla koina symferonta ta opoia ginetai prospaueia na anaptyxuoyn se stenh synergasia se polloys tomeis opvs ston politiko, ton strativtiko, ton koinvniko ton politistiko kauvs epishs kai ston oikonomiko tomea gia ton opoio opvs eipe yparxoyn megales prooptikes

    O k.Komras tonise oti oi prooptikes oikonomikhs synergasias ayjhuhkan meta thn synach tvn diplvmatikvn sxesevn metajy tvn dyo xvrvn opoy opvs eipe xarakthristika "anoije h porta gia oikonomikes synallages"

    O Amerikanos diplvmaths den pareleice na anaferuei ston rolo poy diadramatisan oi HPA sthn epilysh toy problhmatos ths Bosnias alla kai sthn apofash gia ejamhnh paratash ths paramonhs tvn dynamevn toy OHE sta Skopia.

    Shmera efuasan sta Skopia gia dihmerh epishmh episkech o amerikanos bohuos ypoyrgos Amynas Tzoen Resnik kai o dioikhths ths eunikhs froyras ths politeias toy Bermont strathgos Ntonalt Entbart kai oi opoioi eixan synanthsh me ton ypoyrgo Amynas Mplagkoe Xatzinski kai ton arxhgo toy Genikoy Epiteleioy strathgo Ntagkolioy Mpotsinof.

    [14] B.TOPOYRKOFSKI:POLYPLOKH YPOUESH TO UEMA THS ONOMASIAS TVN SKOPIVN

    Vs polyplokh ypouesh xarakthrizei to uema ths onomasias tvn Skopivn, o Basil Topoyrkofski, epishmainontas omvs "oti an kapoios pisteyei oti mporoyme na yperkerasoyme to uema ths onomasias, kanontas logo mono gia "diafores gyrv apo to onoma, tote aytapatvmaste".

    Se ef'olhs ths ylhs synenteyjh poy paraxvrhse ston idivtiko thleoptiko staumo "A-1" tvn Skopivn, o Basil Topoyrkofski, poy euevreito vs o piuanoteros diadoxos toy k.Gkligkorvf, meta th dolofonikh apopeira enantion toy, ypogrammizei oti oi diapragmateyseis gia thn omolas_a ua einai kauoristikes gia thn ekbash tvn ellhnoskopianvn sxesevn. To shmantiko kata ton Topoyrkofski einai h plhrhs ejomalynsh tvn sxesevn me thn Ellada kai uevrei oti ayto "einai kyrivs poy prepei na tonistei apo th skopianh pleyra".

    Tonizontas oti prokeitai gia "mia eyaisuhth fash" parathrei oti prepei h koinh gnvmh tvn Skopivn na einai synexvs enhmerh gia to uema xvris na kauhsyxazetai me dhlvseis toy typoy "ua syzhthuoyn mono oi diafores gia to onoma".

    Apofeygontas na dvsei amesh apanthsh sto ervthma an tassetai yper ths allaghs ths onomasias h ths prosueshs kapoioy epiuetikoy prosdiorismoy sthn onomasia tvn Skopivn o Topoyrkofksi tonise: "Ua prepei na epimeinoyme sthn ejomalynsh tvn sxesevn me thn Ellada dioti einai poly sobaro uema. Einai pros to symferon kai tvn dyo xvrvn". Prosuese omvs oti gia na ginei ayto "ua prepei prvta na sygkrothuei sto esvteriko mia jekauarh stash gia ta zvtika symferonta ths xvras" eipe kai yposthrije oti prepei na yparxei sympnoia apocevn olvn, politikvn, dianooymenvn, kommatvn, politvn. "Na deijoyme stauerothta thn opoia den exoyme. Den mporoyme na dexuoyme pieseis alla ua prepei na ejhghsoyme poia uemata einai ekeina poy apoteloyn gia mas eunika symferonta, ta symbola, to onoma, h taytothta", ypogrammise o Topoyrkofski.

    Uevrei oti den prepei na teuei kamia piesh apo opoiadhpote trith pleyra gia thn epilysh toy zhthmatos. "Kamia piesh den einai pros to symferon mas toso to diko mas oso kai ths Ellada dioti ua odhghsei sthn astaueia tvn sxesevn. Nomizv to zhthma ua prepei na lyuei ean kai apo thn ellhnikh pleyra katanohuei h esvterikh pragmatikothta ths PGDM".

    Xarakthrizei jeperasmeno to na tiuentai oroi gia thn epilysh tvn opoivn zhthmatvn: "Fuasame se mia fash poy to uesimo orvn einai peritto. Oi prohgoymenoi oroi, empargko, symbola bghkan shmera apo thn hmerhsia diatajh. Anoixta prepei na anagnvrisoyme oti oi sxeseis me Ellada einai kairio uema alla kai h Ellada prepei na katalabei oti an den diafylaxuei h stauerothta ths PGDM mporei na yparjoyn kindynoi gia thn perioxh".

    Aisiodojvntas oti h symfvnia toy Nteiton anoigei kai to dromo ths ejomalynshs tvn ellhnoskopianvn sxesevn ypogrammizei oti to zhthma me thn Ellada ua prepei na teuei se realistikes baseis.

    Anaferomenos sto uema ths anagnvrishs ths PGDM apo th Omospondiakh Dhmokratia Gioygkoslabias tonise oti prepei na epispeysuoyn oi energeies vste na epeluei h apokatastash tvn diplvmatikvn sxesevn.

    Kata ton Topoyrkofski, h O.D.Gioygkoslabias "einai o synexisths ths prvhn Gioygkoslabias apo politikhs omvs apochs diathrvntas th uesh ths stoys dieuneis organismoys". Oson afora to uema ths "klhronomias" gi'ayto ua prepei na yparjei syntonismos tvn energeivn kai drasthriothtvn olvn tvn nevn Dhmokratvn poy dhmioyrghuhkan apo thn dialysh ths prvhn Gioygkoslabias.

    Anaferomenos sto uema tvn sxesevn tvn eunothtvn jai eidikotera tvn Albanvn tvn Skopivn, oi opoies kata ton Topoyrkofski "den briskontai se kalo epipedo" proteinei thn "analhch istorikhs prvtoboylias poy afora sthn epikoinvnia tvn politvn" prokeimenoy na epeluei isorropia. "Fuasame se ena shmeio opoy apokleistiko epipedo tvn sxesevn einai to politiko katesthmeno: ta albanika kommata kai ta slabika kommata", leei xarakthristika. Me thn proseggish tvn politvn ua epeluei h epikoinvnia kai h synergasia se oloys toys tomeis, tonizei.

    O Topoyrkofski dieykrinizei oti h protash toy den exei kamia sxesh me "thn istorikh symfvnia" poy proteinoyn oi rizospastes Albanoi Arpen Tzaferi kai Mentoyx Tatsi oi opoioi epiuymoyn thn synolikh lysh toy albanikoy zhthmatos sth Balkanikh. "Den einai pros to symferon ths PGDM h synolikh lysh".

    Aperrice kathgorhmatika tis fhmes poy ton eferan ton teleytaio kairo allote proedro toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos h na hgeitai toy Fileleyueroy Kommatos. "Asxoloymai me th syggrafh tvn biblivn moy kai mono", eipe. Oson afora sth diekdikhsh ths proedrias tvn Skopivn stis epomenes ekloges, o Topoyrkofski tonizei oti "oi ekloges einai poly makrya akomh. Ua ginoyn to 1999".

    [15] PROGRAMMA BOHUEIAS GIA TH METAPOLEMIKH PERIODO STH GIOYGKOSLABIA

    Programma bohueias gia th metapolemikh periodo sth Gioygkoslabia to opoio metajy allvn problepei th systash oikonomikhs epitrophs kai thn ekdosh odhgoy gia thn prostasia tvn Gioygkoslabvn poy ergazontai sthn Ellada, exei katartisei o Ellhno-Serbikos Syllogos Filias, dhlvse o proedros ths etaireias Kvstas Xristopoylos se synenteyjh typoy sto Beligradi.

    O k.Xristopoylos o opoios mazi me ekprosvpoys ths topikhs aytodioikhshs kai syndikalistikes organvseis metefere sth Gioygkoslabikh prvteyoysa 25 tonoys forthga aytokinhta me 400 tonoys anurvpistikh bohueia dhlvse akomh oti "h apostolh anurvpistikhs bohueias sth Gioygkoslabia ua synexistei kai meta th symfvnia toy Nteiton, oso yparxoyn prosfyges poy steroyntai tvn basikvn agauvn".

    Apo serbikhs pleyras o akadhmaikos Ntoysan Kanazar, eyxaristvntas thn ellhnikh apostolh ypogrammise oti apo ta uemata poy prepei na douei proteraiothta einai "h metafrash ths istorias tvn dyo lavn sth serbikh kai thn ellhnikh".

    [16] DIHMERO SYNEDRIO ME UEMA "ANEJIURHSKEIA, DHMOKRATIA KAI KRATIKH POLITIKH" PRAGMATOPOIHUHKE STH SOFIA

    Oloklhrvuhkan oi ergasies toy dihmeroy synedrioy me uema "Anejiurhskeia, Dhmokratia kai kratikh politikh" poy pragmatopoihuhke sto Megaro Politismoy ths boylgarikhs prvteyoysas.

    Sto synedrio poy diorganvuhke apo to Symboylio ths Euq~pgr kai th Dieyuynsh Urhskeymatvn ths Boylgarias, symmeteixan ekprosvpoi tvn perissotervn urhskeytikvn koinothtvn ths Boylgarias kai empeirognvmones apo thn Ollandia, thn Italia kai th Germania.

    [17] SYMFVNIA SYNERGASIAS STON TOMEA TVN THLEPIKOINVNIVN YPEGRACAN BOYLGARIA KAI ROYMANIA

    Diakratikh symfvnia synergasias ston tomea tvn thlepikoinvnivn ypegracan sth Sofia o proedros ths Epitrophs Thlepikoinvnivn ths Boylgarias Lioympomir Kolarvf kai o ypoyrgos Thlepikoinvnivn ths Roymanias Antrian Toyrikoy.

    H symfvnia problepei thn taxyrryumh egkatastash, apo tis arxes toy 1996, chfiakvn kalvdivn poy ua dierxontai apo to Doynabh, kauvs kai thn egkatastash optikhs inas metajy Sofias-Boykoyrestioy me thn opoia ua katastei dynath h syndesh ths roymanikhs prvteyoysas me to thlepikoinvniako diktyo Sofias-Uessalonikhs- Auhnvn.

    Ejalloy, o ypoyrgos Ejvterikvn ths Boylgarias G.Pirinski ypegrace sto Londino dimerh symfvnia gia thn amoibaia prostasia tvn ependysevn me ton Bretano omologo toy M.Rifkint.

    O k.Pirinski eixe synomilies me ekprosvpoys toy Syndesmoy Bretanvn Biomhxanvn env sth synanthsh toy me ton dioikhth ths Eunikhs Trapezas ths M.Bretanias, M.Nteibis elabe thn yposxesh oti h agglikh trapeza ua dexuei gia metekpaideysh sto Londino stelexh ths Trapezas ths Boylgarias.

    [18] APO THN PARAOIKONOMIA TO 1/3 TOY BOYLGARIKOY A.E.P.

    Apo thn paraoikonomia proerxetai peripoy to 30-40% toy ethsioy akauaristoy egxvrioy proiontos ths Boylgarias, opvs prokyptei apo ta statistika stoixeia toy boylgarikoy Institoytoy Koinvniologias. To gegonos ayto shmainei oti to 1/3 tvn oikonomikvn drasthriothtvn sth Boylgaria anaptyssontai, parakamptontas thn isxyoysa nomouesia.

    Symfvna me stoixeia ths Synomospondias Anejarthtvn Syndikatvn Boylgarias, h paraoikonomia ejasfalizei toylaxiston 500 ekatommyria leba apo to ethsio akauaristo egxvrio proion ths Boylgarias.

    Ta apotelesmata tvn ereynvn odhgoyn sto symperasma oti pros thn paraoikonomia prosanatolizontai kyrivs oi neoi aneidikeytoi anurvpoi kai oi syntajioyxoi, oi opoioi anazhtoyn kapoia apasxolhsh logv tvn poly xamhlvn syntajevn toys.

    Ton perasmeno mhna o ariumos tvn anergvn sth Boylgaria ayjhuhke kata 14.000 anebazontas se peripoy 418.000 tvn ariumo tvn atomvn poy exoyn dhlvsei anergoi sta kata topoy grafeia apasxolhshs, opvs anakoinvse o dieyuynths ths Yphresias Apasxolhshs Miltso Ntimitrof.

    Apo ta teleytaia stoixeia ths boylgarikhs statistikhs yphresias prokyptei pvs o ariumos tvn anergvn sth geitonikh xvra anerxetai se 520.000.

    [19] ANTAGVNISMOS, POLEMOI KAI EJEGERSEIS GIA TA PETRELAIA THS KASPIAS

    Thn anaptyjh mias neas isorropias dynamevn sthn perioxh ths Kaspias sto ypedafos ths opoias briskontai 25 disekatommyria tonoi petrelaioy analyei se aruro ths h agglofvnh rvsikh efhmerida "Ta Nea ths Mosxas".

    H efhmerida anaferei oti sto ena stratopedo briskontai oi dytikes xvres, h Toyrkia, kai treis prvhn sobietikes dhmokraties to Azermpaitzan, h Gevrgia kai to Kazakstan env stis dynameis poy apoteloyn to allo antagvnistiko stratopedo perilambanei thn Rvsia, thn Boylgaria, thn Ellada to Iran kai dyo prvhn sobietikes dhmokraties, thn Armenia kai to Toyrkmenistan.

    H efhmerida apodidei thn proseggish anamesa sthn Mosxa kai thn Texeranh stis amerikanikes pieseis oi opoies eferan to Iran ejv apo ta symbolaia gia to petrelaio toy Azermpaitzan me apotelesma h Texeranh na yposthrijei tis rvsikes ueseis se oti afora sto kauestvs ths Kaspias ualassas, ara sto uema toy idiokthsiakoy kauestvtos tvn petrelaivn ths Kaspias.

    Vs symmaxoi aytoy toy ajona emfanizontai oi Koyrdoi poy polemoyn enantion ths Toyrkias, oi Armenioi toy Nangkorno Karampax kai oi Osetioi poy polemoyn enantion toy Azermpaitzan kai oi Ampxazioi poy polemoyn enantion ths Gevrgias env shmantikoteros symmaxos toy alloy ajona uevroyntai oi Tsetsenoi poy epiuymoyn thn anejarthsia toys apo thn Rvsia.

    O syggrafeas toy aruroy shmeivnei tis analogies anamesa stis apeiles tvn Koyrdvn na anatinajoyn ton petrelaiagvgo poy perna apo to edafos ths Toyrkias kai se aytes tvn Tsetsenvn na anatinajoyn ton rvsiko agvgo poy perna mesa apo to edafos ths dikhs toys omospondhs rvsikhs dhmokratias. O syggrafeas syndyazei epishs oles tis polemikes epixeirhseis poy eginan sthn perioxh me tis diapragmateyseis gia to petrelaio.

    Xarakthristika apodidei thn apotyxia toy sxedioy gia thn dieyuethsh tvn diaforvn anamesa sthn Armenia kai sto Azermpaitzan sto gegonos oti ayto proeblepe antallagh edafvn h opoia katelhge sthn dhmioyrgia enos diadromoy poy oysiastika ua synedee mesv filikvn synorvn thn Toyrkia me thn Kaspia.

    To sxedio katerreyse meta apo armenikh epiuesh pros ta notia to kalokairi toy 1993 env thn idia stigmh oi epiueseis tvn Ampxazivn kai tvn Zbiantists sthn dytikh Gevrgia euetan ypo rvsiko elegxo ta gevrgiana limania toy Poti kai toy Batoymi anagkazontas oysiastika thn Gevrgia na proseggisei to Azermpaitzan kai sxhmatopoivntas thn poreia toy petrelaiagvgoy apo to Azermpaitzan sthn Toyrkia mesv Gevrgias.

    Sto aruro shmeivnetai oti o polemos ths Ampxazias prokalese aposxistikes taseis ston Boreio Kaykaso kai odhghse sto kleisimo tvn synorvn Azermpaitzan - Rvsias h opoia etsi apokophke teleivs apo tis diodoys epikoinvnias me thn Yperkaykasia.

    O syggrafeas epishmainei tis peripoy taytoxrones epiweiq^seir ths Rvsias kata tvn Tsetsenvn kai ths Toyrkia kata tvn Koyrdvn ton Septembrio toy 1994 dyo mhnes meta thn ypografh toy prvtoy symbolaioy gia ta petrelaia toy Azermpaitzan.

    To aruro shmeivnei epishs oti h rvsikh epiuesh enantion tvn epanastatvn poy eixan katalabei to nosokomeio toy Gkrozni sthn Tsetsenia egine thn hmera poy ypegrafh to prvtokollo poy ejefraze thn prouesh metaforas petrelaioy apo to Mpakoy toy Azermpaitzan sto rvsiko limani toy Noborosirsk sthn Mayrh Ualassa mesv toy Tsetsenikhs prvteyoysas.

    Opvs einai gnvsto o petrelaiagvgos Mpoyrgkas - Alejandroypolhs ua metaferei rvsiko petrelaio poy ua erxetai me ploia apo to Noborosirski sto Boylgariko limani toy Mpoyrgkas ston Eyjeino Ponto kai apo ekei sthn Alejandroypolh, dhladh se limani ths Mesogeioy.

    Parallhla to aruro ypenuymizei oti h apopeira kata toy gevrgianoy proedroy k. Entbarnt Sebarntnatze egine dyo hmeres meta apo thn episkech sthn Tiflida ths prvuypoyrgoy ths Toyrkias k.Tansoy Tsiler h opoia ejetase me ton k.Sebarntnatze thn dhmioyrgia toy diadromoy Gevrgias - Toyrkias

    O arurografos uevrei oti h diamaxh ths Kaspias ua kauorisei se megalo baumo tis tyxes toy 21oy aivna kai den apokleieie to endexomeno na yparjhei h apostolh sthn perioxh rvsikvn alla kai eyrvpaikvn strativtikvn dynamevn.


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (ths Terezas Pentzopoyloy-Balala, kauhghtria Filosofikhs Sxolhs toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Uessalonikhs)

    [20] O ROLOS THS GYNAIKAS STIS EPIXEIRHSEIS KAI TON TOYRISMO

    Ena endiaferon shmantiko synedrio pragmatopoihuhke sta telh Noembrioy sth boylgarikh prvteyoysa sxetika me to "rolo ths gynaikas ths Balkanikhs stis epixeirhseis kai ton toyrismo", apo opoy omvs proekycan genikotera symperasmata gia th uesh tvn gynaikvn sth Xersonhso toy Aimoy. Tis entypvseis apo th symmetoxh ths sto synedrio, paroysiazei sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsevn, h kauhghtria ths Filosofikhs Sxolhs toy APU kai melos toy Episthmonikoy Symboylioy toy M.P.E. k.Tereza Pentzopoyloy-Balala.

    Sthn Sofia sygkentrvuhkan prin liges hmeres oi gynaikeies antiprosvpeies tvn kratvn-melvn toy syndesmoy tvn Diabalkanikvn Etaireivn Synergasias Gynaikvn. Eixan eruei apo 6 xvres melh toy Syndesmoy, apo thn Ellada, thn Boylgaria, thn Roymania, thn Omospondiakh Dhmokratia ths Gioygkoslabias. thn Albania, thn Kypro, gia na symmetasxoyn stis ergasies toy 4oy Dieunoys Synedrioy me uema "H gynaika stis epixeirhseis kai ston toyrismo".

    O Syndesmos poy exei zvh pente xronvn kai idryuhke la prvtoboylia ths Elladas-mia mikrh omada gynaikvn ths Uessalonikhs ton jekinhse-exei vs katastatikoys stoxoys thn anaptyjh synergasias kai amoibaias filias metajy tvn gynaikvn tvn Balkanikvn xvrvn. Etsi envuhkan gynaikeies organvseis-vs diabalkanikes etaireies-se kaue xvra, kai me syntonistiko organo, to diabalkaniko Dioikhtiko Symboylio-provuoyn apotelesmatika alla sygxronvs auoryba thn synergasia. Synedria, seminaria, politistikes ekdhlvseis opvs ekueseis zvgrafikhs, fernoyn konta tis gynaikes tvn balkanivn.

    O syndesmos poy einai mh kybernhtikh gynaikeia organvsh (NGO), exei epta epitropes stis opoies proedreyei antistoixa kaue xvra.

    Thn eyuynh ths diorganvsevs toy synedrioy apo 23- 26 Noembrioy thn eixe h Boylgaria h opoia proedreyei ths epitrophs gia thn oikonomikh anaptyjh. Kai pragmatika h olh organvsh htan epityxhmenh. To gegonos oti proshlue sto synedrio kai aphyuyne xairetismo o Boylgaros Prvuypoyrgos k.Zan Bintenof kauvs kai h episkech tvn proedrvn tvn diabalkanikvn etaireivn ston Proedro ths Boylgarikhs Boylhs deixnoyn thn shmasia poy apodidetai sthn prospaueia poy anelabe o syndesmos, me thn Ellhnikh prvtoboylia, gia thn provuhsh ths synergasias tvn gynaikvn sta Balkania. Ta problhmata ejvterikhs politikhs den einai bebaia ergo tvn gynaikeivn organvsevn, h kalliergeia omvs ths eirhnhs shmera kai sto mellon, sthn polypauh gh tvn Balkanivn, mporei na ginei ergo ths gynaikas. Otan dineis thn zvh apotelei kauhkon na prospaueis na thn diathreis.

    Ekeino poy fanhke apo thn arxh mesa apo tis omilies einai oti h symmetoxh tvn gynaikvn sthn idivtikopoihsh ths oikonomias einai mikrh.vstoso o rolos ths gynaikas einai shmantikos, giati oi gynaikes exoyn isxyra kinhtra gia na ergastoyn kai giati mporoyn, me thn drash toys, na symbaloyn sthn diamorfvsh katallhloy nomikoy kai uesmikoy plaisioy. Giati ayto einai ekeino poy apoysiazei. Toyth h diapistvsh einai genikh gia polles balkanikes xvres opvs h Boylgaria, h Albania. Xreiazetai synepvs na prosarmostei h nomouesia sthn morfh ths koinvnias anoixths oikonomias. Xreiazetai, me alla logia, na anauevrhuei to systhma forologias alla kai to olo nomiko plaisio poy kauorizei tis synuhkes ergasias.

    Idiaitera tonisthke o rolos tvn gynaikvn ths ypaiuroy. Sthn Roymania ginetai prospaueia apo tis gynaikes ths ypaiuroy, poy exoyn synenvsei tis drasthriothtes toys, na anaptyjoyn sta xvria kai stis mikres koinothtes biotexnies poy ejelissontai se epikerdhs mikres epixeirhseis. Einai enas xvros, h ypaiuros, opoy oi gynaikes exoyn kauoristiko rolo.

    Sthn Kypro h oikonomikh anaptyjh kai h symmetoxh tvn gynaikvn ston epixeirhmatiko kosmo einai shmera poly ikanopoihtikh, meta apo ta dyskola xronia poy akoloyuhsan thn Toyrkikh eisbolh kai ton polemo toy 1974. To pentaetes programma 1989-1993 problepei, metajy allvn, thn ejaleich kaue morfhs diakrisevn anamesa se antres kai gynaikes, toys isoys oroys ergasias, thn prostasia ths mhtrothtas.

    Apo ton xvro ths Ellados tonisthke idiaitera h epityxhmenh paroysia ths gynaikas-epixeirhmatia, ston idivtiko tomea kai h anagkh na antilhfuoyn oi gynaikes stis balkanikes xvres oti o idivtikos tomeas paroysiazei pleonekthmata giati einai anoiktos stis prvtoboylies, se sxesh me to dhmosio tomea opoy apo th gynaika apaitoyntai diplasies ikanothtes gia na exei thn anagnvrish poy ths ajizei.

    To uema toy toyrismoy kinhse to zvhra to endiaferon tvn gynaikvn. Yphrje genikh symfvnia oti mia nea morfh toyrismoy, o agrotikos, opvs legetai, toyrismos prosferei megales dynatothtes. Olo kai perissotero egkataleipoyne oi toyristes ta megala kai aprosvpa jenodoxeiaka sygkrothmata kai protimoyn thn diamonh sta xvria, se koinothtes opoy h epafh me toys anurvpoys, h symmetoxh ston aplo tropo zvhs dhmioyrgei ston toyrista to aisuhma pragmatikhs allaghs apo thn kauhmerinh zvh toy sta megala astika kentra. O agrotikos toyrismos prosferei, fysika, megala pleonekthmata kai apo oikonomika apoch dedomenoy oti me ligotera xrhmata ejasfalizei o toyristas thn jekoyrash poy epiuymei kai akomh gnvrizei kalytera thn xvra sthn pragmatikh ths eikona. O agrotikos plhuysmos poy einai protash ths koinothtas me thn onomasia 'Gites Europe' exei entaxuei sta koinotika programmata kai apotelei neo stoxo ths Eyrvpaikhs envshs sthn anaptyjh toy toyrismoy. Etsi to synuhma "pisv sto xvrio" ginetai shmera olo kai pio aisuhto.

    H ekprosvpos ths Unesco gia ola ta gynaikeia uemata k. Wassyla Tamzali, aphyuyne xairetismo kai anaferuhke sto programma poy provuei o Syndesmos Etaireivn Diabalkanikhs Synergasias Gynaikvn mesv toy Kentroy Unesco ths Uessalonikhs kai poy ua entaxuei sto programma ths Uessalonikhs Politistikh Prvteyoysa. Problepontai ekdhlvseis poy ua syndiorganvuoyn me tis Balkanikes xvres.

    Vs telikh protash toy synedrioy yiouethuhke h protash ths epitrophs gia thn oikonomikh anaptyjh na dhmioyrghuei Trapeza Plhroforivn gia oles tis idivtikes epixeirhseis sta Balkania me apvterv skopo thn idrysh enos Kentroy poy syntonizei thn synergasia metajy tvn gynaikvn epixeirhmativn.

    H idea na dhmioyrghuei idivtikh diabalkanikh Trapeza poy ua synallassetai mono me gynaikes epixeirhmaties htan kati poy akoysthke me eyxaristhsh. Paramenei fysika enas apvteros stoxos.

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