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MPA NEWS (26/10/1995)

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@uranus.eng.auth.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency Directory

ENHMERVTIKO DELTIO TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY EIDHSEVN

Uessalonikh 26 Oktvbrioy 1995

[A] ESVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blasidh Blash),

TITLOI EIDHSEVN


PERIEXOMENA

[A] ESVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] MHNYMA EIRHNHS KAI ENOTHTAS TOY ELLHNISMOY APEYUYNEI SHMERA H UESSALONIKH

  • [02] "ANAXRONISTIKO METRO" XARAKTHRIZEI THN MPARA TOY EXINOY O G'ANTIPROEDROS THS BOYLHS k SGOYRIDHS

  • [03] PAREMBASEIS ELLHNVN EYRVBOYLEYTVN STO EYRVKOINOBOYLIO GIA THN KRISH STHN PRVHN GIOYGKOSLABIA

  • [04] GIA EMPAIGMO TVN PRYTANIKVN ARXVN TVN A.E.I. THS XVRAS KATHGOREI THN KYBERNHSH O MILTIADHS EBERT

  • [B] EJVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [05] OI SYNOMILIES GIA TO KYPRIAKO UA ARXISOYN META TA XRISTOYGENNA

  • [06] YPEBALE THN PARAITHSH TOY O YPOYRGOS ESVTERIKVN TVN SKOPIVN LIOYMPOMIR FRTSKOFSKI

  • [07] DHLVSEIS ANTOF GIA TH SYNANTHSH ME BANS

  • [08] H RVSIA YPEGRACE TH SYMFVNIA GIA TON KAUETO ODIKO AJONA ELSINKI-ALEJANDROYPOLHS

  • [09] SYNANTVNTAI STH SOFIA OI YPOYRGOI METAFORVN BOYLGARIAS-PGDM

  • [10] O PRVUYPOYRGOS THS BOSNIAS STHN TOYRKIA - KOINH ASTYNOMIKH DYNAMH SYGKROTOYN TOYRKIA, BOSNIA KAI KROATIA

  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blasidh Blash)

  • [11] H SYMMETOXH THS ELLADAS STON B' PAGKOSMIO POLEMO


  • [A] ESVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] MHNYMA EIRHNHS KAI ENOTHTAS TOY ELLHNISMOY APEYUYNEI SHMERA H UESSALONIKH

    Mhnyma eirhnhs kai synergasias toy Ellhnismoy apeyuynei shmera h Uessalonikh, opoy to prvi ston iero nao toy Agioy Dhmhtrioy pragmatopoihuhke me idiaiterh lamprothta, paroysia toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias, Kvnstantinoy Stefanopoyloy, kai xorostatoyntos toy Panagivtatoy Mhtropolith Pantelehmonos B', h kauiervmenh iera dojologia gia thn istorikh epeteio ths apeleyuervshs ths polhs, ths 28hs Oktvbrioy 1940 kai thn eorth toy polioyxoy Agioy.

    Gia enothta ekane logo o dhmarxos Uessalonikhs, Kvnstantinos Kosmopoylos, o opoios tonise thn xara kai thn ypoxrevsh poy aisuanetai h polh aytes tis hmeres. "Xara giati giortazei ton polioyxo Agio ths", opvs shmeivse, "alla kai xreos pros oloys aytoys poy kata kairoys agvnisthkan kai proseferan kai thn idia th zvh toys gia na eimaste eleyueroi emeis, ta paidia mas kai oi epigenomenoi kai na apolambanoyme to agauo ths eleyuerias kai ths eirhnhs".

    "H Uessalonikh envmenh, opvs panta, giortazei aytes tis hmeres kai ayth h enothta poy yphrje panta stis krisimes stigmes toy eunoys einai anagkh na yparxei kai s^leqa, stis dyskoles stigmes poy perna h patrida mas sta eunika mas uemata", symplhrvse o k.Kosmopoylos, tonizontas oti "h polh jerei kai ta bgazei pera, kai ua ta kataferei kai pali".

    [02] "ANAXRONISTIKO METRO" XARAKTHRIZEI THN MPARA TOY EXINOY O G'ANTIPROEDROS THS BOYLHS k SGOYRIDHS

    Me anypomonhsia perimenoyn oi katoikoi ths oreinhs perioxhs toy nomoy Januhs thn arsh ths mparas toy Exinoy thn opoia, symfvna me plhrofories, anamenetai na anakoinvsei o ypoyrgos eunikhs amynas k Gerasimos Arsenhs kata th diarkeia episkechs poy ua pragmatopoihsei sthn perioxh.

    O g'antiproedros ths Boylhs k Panagivths Sgoyridhs milvntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsevn xarakthrise th mpara "anaxronistiko metro". "Ean kapoios uelhsei na perasei sthn "epithroymenh perioxh zvnh" ua mporoyse na to kanei xvris na perasei apo to strativtiko fylakio poy yparxei ekei. Pisteyv loipon oti otan ston 20o aivna zhtame na yparxei spasimo ths apomonvshs ayto ua prepei na einai kauoliko kai ua prepei oxi mono na spasei h apomonvsh anamesa sthn Urakh kai thn ypoloiph Ellada alla na spasei kai h apomonvsh apo perioxes ths Urakhs pros thn ypoloiph Urakh poy brisketai ypo strativtikh epithrhsh logv toy nomoy peri parameuorivn perioxvn" tonise o k Sgoyridhs.

    Parallhla epeshmane pvs to uema ths anaptyjhs ths perioxhs den exei na kanei me thn mpara, alla me thn apofash ths ellhnikhs politeias na jodecei ayta poy epi tosa xronia den jodece gia thn perioxh ayth vste na ginoyn erga ypodomhs. "Uevrv oti h anaptyjh ths perioxhs prepei na ginei eite yparxei mpara eite oxi. H empistosynh anamesa stoys Pomakoys katoikoys kai toys ypoloipoys xristianoys katoikoys ths Urakhs prepei na apokatastauei . Ua prepei na afairesoyme kai to teleytaio epixeirhma tvn praktorvn ths poy propagandizoyn legontas stoys anurvpoys oti h ellhnikh politeia toys krata apomonvmenoys" katelhje

    " H katarghsh ths mparas einai mia poly kalh kinhsh apo thn pleyra ths politeias, einai kati poy eprepe na ginei prin 20 xronia. Ua douei h dynatothta na anaptyxuei h perioxh toyristika giati pragmati to ajizei. Einai poly omorfh. Hdh h nomarxia piezei gia thn ejasfalish kondylivn poy ua xrhsimopoihuoyn gia thn anaptyjh ths perioxhs. H arsh ths mparas omvs einai mia proypouesh" tonise, milvntas sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsevn o dikhgoros kai antiproedros toy nomarxiakoy symboylioy ths Januhs k Ixsan Axmet Kexagia, o opoios katagetai apo ton Exino.

    Alla kai o proedros ths koinothtas Exinoy Netzntet Molla Ali eyxhuhke na pane ola kalytera gia thn perioxh me thn arsh ths mparas. "Emeis" eipe "den exoyme kamia epishmh enhmervsh. To plhroforhuhkame apo ton typo. Oloi ua vfelhuoyme. H perioxh ajizei na anaptyxuei toyristika" katelhje.

    "Einai uetiko gia ton Exino h arsh ths mparas. Emeis oi ntopioi exoyme leykes taytothtes dhladh adeies poy isw}oum gia ena xrono kai ananevnontai kai mporoyme na metakinoymaste eleyueroi. Oi jenoi omvs ua prepei na efodiazontai me adeia kaue fora poy ueloyn na eruoyn. H arsh ths mparas kai epomenvs h katarghsh ths adeias ua dieykolynei oloys. H perioxh einai poly vraia, h kybernhsh exei kanei erga , oi dromoi exoyn asfaltostrvuei h asfaltostrvnontai. Mporei tvra na erxetai perissoteros kosmos kai ston Exino kai sta Loytra tvn Uermvn. Akomh exei anoixtei kai ena xvmatodromos poy ua dieykolynei th metakinhsh otan oi dromoi kleinoyn apo ta xionia. Eimaste polloi eyxaristhmenoi" tonizei katoikos toy Exinoy poy den uelhse na apokalycei to onoma toy.

    [03] PAREMBASEIS ELLHNVN EYRVBOYLEYTVN STO EYRVKOINOBOYLIO GIA THN KRISH STHN PRVHN GIOYGKOSLABIA

    Me parembaseis toys sthn Olomeleia toy Eyrvkoinoboylioy oi Ellhnes Eyrvboyleytes kathgorhsan thn politikh poy akoloyuhse h Eyrvpaikh Envsh sthn krish ths prvhn Gioygkoslabias.

    O Eyrvboyleyths toy PASOK Giannhs Roympaths xarakthrise "kolossiaia apotyxia" thn antimetvpish ths krishs alla kai toy polemoy kai ekane logo gia "periuvriopoihsh"ths E.E.

    "H elleich dioratikothtas, syntonismoy kai plhroforhshs eipe o k. Roympaths , h agnoia ths istorias kai ths gevgrafikhs pragmatikothtas, h biasynh gia thn epiteyjh mesoprouesmvn stoxvn xvris na dinetai shmasia stis makroprouesmes epiptvseis toys, h tash gia monopleyres lyseis eixan vs apotelesma thn periuvriopoihsh ths E.E. breuhkame oi Eyrvpaioi oyragoi, fanhkame anhmporoi kai poly mikroteroi ths istorias kai tvn paradosevn mas.

    Tvra mas didetai eykairia na epanoruvsoyme.O polemos fainetai ftanei sto telos toy, xvris nikhtes xvris uriamboys, me uymata, ekatommyria prosfyges, oloklhres poleis kai xvria katestrammena.

    Ta Balkania einai meros ths koinhs mas ypoueshs.H balkanikh eyrvph einai kommati ths Eyrvphs , opvs h kentrikh kai anatolikh Eyrvph".

    Sthn parembash toy o Eyrvboyleyths K.Lamprias tonise oti den arkei h oikonomikh gennaiodvria ths envshs gia na epilyuoyn ta kolossiaia problhmata poy exoyn syssvreytei.

    "To oti h E.E. yphrje o shmantikoteros xorhgos anurvpistikhs bohueias den apeplyne tis eyuynes ths.Den meivse thn genikh pepoiuhsh gia thn politikh anapotelesmatikothta ths.

    Prepei h Envsh na xeiristei ypeyuyna kai propantos eniaia oxi me katakermatismenes h allhlosygkroyomenes politikes thn anoruvsh ths prvhn Gioygkoslabias.Giati oi perioxes kai oi laoi ths anhkoyn gevpolitika sthn Eyrvph apoteloyn zvtikh parametro ths dikhs ths asfaleias", katelhje o K.Lamprias.

    [04] GIA EMPAIGMO TVN PRYTANIKVN ARXVN TVN A.E.I. THS XVRAS KATHGOREI THN KYBERNHSH O MILTIADHS EBERT

    Gia empaigmo tvn prytanikvn arxvn tvn Panepisthmivn ths xvras kathgorhse thn Kybernhsh o arxhgos ths ajivmatikhs antipoliteyshs, Miltiadhs Ebert, se dhlvseis toy meta th synanthsh poy eixe to meshmeri me tis prytanikes arxes toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Uessalonikhs. Parallhla o k.Ebert epanelabe to programma ths N.D. gia thn Paideia, tonizontas thn apofasistikothta toy kommatos toy na metaferei to ypoyrgeio Paideias sth Uessalonikh, otan ginei Kybernhsh.

    Sygkekrimena o k.Ebert kathgorhse ton prvuypoyrgo oti yposxeuhke na anakoinvsei stoys prytaneis ta metra gia ton epomeno xrono, "jexnvntas omvs oti nvritera stis 29 Noembrioy katatiuetai sth Boylh o proypologismos. Synepvs stis 10 Dekembrioy ua eruei o prvuypoyrgos na dvsei stoixeia gia pragmata ta opoia ua einai dhmosia kai desmeytika pleon gia thn Kybernhsh".

    Anaferomenos eidikotera sto A.P.U. o proedros ths ajivmatikhs antipoliteyshs ypogrammise oti to Aristoteleio antimetvpizei poly megala problhmata sto kleisimo toy proypologismoy toy, kauvs, opvs shmeivse, exei labei mono 300 ekatommyria drx. apo to 1,2 dis. poy einai aparaithto gia thn eyryumh leitoyrgia toy. To problhma, prosuese o k.Ebert, einai genikotero gia ola ta Panepisthmiaka Idrymata ths xvras, ta opoia, opvs eipe, exoyn labei mono 1,5 apo ta 7 dis.drx. poy exoyn anagkh gia to 1995.

    Anaptyssontas to kybernhtiko programma ths N.D. gia thn Paideia, o k.Ebert tonise oti ayto perilambanei paroxes 5% epi toy akauaristoy egxvrioy proiontos kai gia tis treis baumides ths ekpaideyshs, dioikhtikh anejarthsia tvn Panepisthmivn kai metafora toy ypoyrgeioy Paideias sth Uessalonikh, shmeivnontas malista oti h metafora ayth "einai apofash poy den anakaleitai me tipote".

    Kata th diarkeia malista ths shmerinhs syzhthshs, opvs eipe o k.Ebert, syzhthuhkan protaseis gia toys piuanoys xvroys,poy ua mporoysan na stegasoyn to ypoyrgeio Paideias, kai h Prytaneia toy APU prosferuhke na paraxvrhsei ton aparaithto xvro.


    [B] EJVTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [05] OI SYNOMILIES GIA TO KYPRIAKO UA ARXISOYN META TA XRISTOYGENNA

    Oi synomilies gia to Kypriako ua arxisoyn meta ta Xristoygenna, dhlvse sthn Oyasigkton o ypoyrgos Ejvterikvn ths Kyproy, Alekos Mixahlidhs, env o Amerikanos yfypoyrgos Ejvterikvn, Ritsarnt Xolmproyk, tonise oti oi HPA epiuymoyn sthn Kypro ena eniaio nhsi me dyo koinothtes, xvris to diaxvristiko teixos sth mesh kai oti meta to Bosniako proteraiothta ua exei to Kypriako.

    Oi kyrioi Mixahlidhs kai Xolmproyk synanthuhkan kata thn diarkeia deipnoy, sto opoio parakauhsan o anvteros symboylos toy proedroy Klinton, Tzortz Stefanopoylos, kai anvtera stelexh toy ypoyrgeioy Ejvterikvn.

    Shmera o k. Mixahlidhs ua exei synanthsh me ton yfypoyrgo Amynas, Oyolter Slokom, kai amesvs meta ua exei synanthsh me thn epitroph dieunvn sxesevn ths aleqijamij^r boylhs.

    [06] YPEBALE THN PARAITHSH TOY O YPOYRGOS ESVTERIKVN TVN SKOPIVN LIOYMPOMIR FRTSKOFSKI

    O ypoyrgos Esvterikvn tvn Skopivn Lioympomir Frtskofski ypebale shmera to prvi thn paraithsh toy ston Prvuypoyrgo Mpranko Tserbenkofski. O ypoyrgos anakoinvse thn paraithsh toy ,sth diarkeia synenteyjhs typoy,tonizontas oti "perimene prvta na staueropoihuei h katastash sthn xvra,meta thn dolofonikh apopeira kata toy proedroy Kiro Gkligkorof". O Frtskofski,ypogrammise oti "den apopoieitai tvn politikvn eyuynvn toy gia thn apopeira" kai edvse stoixeia apo to proanakritiko yliko poy sygkentrvsan oi divktikes arxes ths geitonikhs xvras.

    Opvs tonise,thn dolofonikh apopeira enantion toy Gkligkorof organvse mia "omada me oikonomika symferonta,poy exei edra geitonikh xvra".Stis epimones omvs ervthseis tvn dhmosiografvn poia einai h xvra ayth,arnhuhke na apanthsei.Anefere akomh,oti "anurvpos ths omadas ayths efuase sta Skopia stis 28 Septembrioy kai ,symfvna me ta stoixeia,paraskeyase ton ekrhktiko mhxanismo sta proasteia ths polhs". "Sthn epixeirhsh,eipe ton bohuhsan polites ths Prvhn Gioygkoslabikhs Dhmokratias ths Makedonias.Yparxoyn dyo stoixeia ta opoia ua odhghsoyn tis arxes sthn apokalych toys.O jenos ektelesths efyge apo thn PGDM thn epomenh mera ths apopeiras."

    Eipe akomh,oti arxika synelhfuhsan eji atoma vs ypopta gia th symmetoxh toys sthn dolofonikh epiuesh,alla telika shmera den krateitai kanena apo ayta.

    O mexri shmera ypoyrgos tonise akomh oti stoxos tvn ektelestvn htan na ejontvuei o Proedros Gkligkorof kai na dhmioyrghuei "elegxomenh astaueia" sth xvra,na paralysei h kratikh mhxanh kai na epiballoyn tis apoceis toys ta jena oikonomika symferonta.

    Apantvntas telos,se ervthsh an yphrje sympaueia kai bohueia apo tis geitonikes xvres meta thn apopeira,ypogrammise oti "yphrjan eilikrineis ekdhlvseis,alla kai ypokrisia" xvris pali na apokalycei poia h poies xvres ennoei.

    [07] DHLVSEIS ANTOF GIA TH SYNANTHSH ME BANS

    Me arketh kauysterhsh ta Skopia paradexontai oti pragmatopoihuhke sth Nea Yorkh h synanthsh toy Proedreyontos ths Dhmokratias Stogian Antof kai toy ypoyrgoy Ejvterikvn Stebo Tserbenkofski me ton diamesolabhth toy OHE Sairoys Bans.

    H hmiepishmh efhmerida "Noba Makentonia" sto shmerino ths fyllo kai sthn prvth selida dhmosieyei antapokrish apo thn Nea Yorkh , poy anaferetai sth synanthsh.H efhmerida dhmosieyei kai dhlvseis toy Stogian Antvf o opoios epimenei oti h syzhthsh me ton S.Bans periestrafh gyrv apo to aithma tvn Skopivn na xrhmatodothuoyn apo amerikanikes trapezes gia na antimetvpistoyn ta megala oikonomika problhmata ths w~qar.

    "Me ton Sairoys Bans syzhthsame san filoi,dhlvse o Stogian Antof sthn efhmerida. Kata thn diarkeia toy geymatos, sto opoio phre meros o ypoyrgos Ejvterikvn Stebo Tserbenkofski, syzhthsame gia thn katastash sthn PGDM kai epidivjame na peisoyme ton k.Bans oti einai anagkh na douei bohueia apo amerikanikes trapezes kai na ginoyn topouethseis kefalaivn gia thn epityxh anasygkrothsh ths xvras. Syzhthsame epishs kai gia thn katastash sth Bosnia."

    Symfvna panta me th "Noba Makentonia" o Stogian Antof tonise, pvs oyte kan anaferuhke to onoma toy Ellhna presbh Xrhstoy Zaxarakh, me ton opoio, opvs egine gnvsto, o Sairoys Bans eixe synanthuei.

    [08] H RVSIA YPEGRACE TH SYMFVNIA GIA TON KAUETO ODIKO AJONA ELSINKI-ALEJANDROYPOLHS

    H Rvsia ypegrace th symfvnia gia ton diadromo Elsinki-Alejandroypolhs. Sto enhmervtiko deltio "Agence Europe" poy anaferetai stis koinotikes drasthriothtes, tonizetai oti: o Epitropos k.Kinok kai o Rvsos anaplhrvths ypoyrgos Metaforvn A.Souvorov ypegracan sths Bryjelles ena "Memorandum of understanding (MOU) gia ton diadromo No 9, enan apo toys ennea diadromoys metaforvn poy apofasisthkan sthn Paneyrvpaikh Diaskech ths Krhths to Martio toy 1994 uevroymenoys san sxedia proteraiothtas gia th beltivsh tvn metaforvn metajy tvn xvrvn ths EE kai Anatolikhs Eyrvphs.

    Sth synexeia, afoy kanei anafora sth megalh shmasia toy megalyteroy diadromoy apariumvntas tis shmantikes poleis poy ua syndeei arxizontas apo to Elsinki kai katalhgontas sthn Alejandroypolh, ekfrazei thn apoch oti o neos kanonismos bashs tvn Tacis poy ua efarmostei apo 1hs Ianoyarioy 1996, ua dieykolynei thn ektelesh aytoy toy ergoy stis xvres ths Anatolikhs Eyrvphs dioti ua douoyn lyseis se diafora diasynoriaka problhmata ta opoia, symfvna me diafores omades ergasias, apoteloyn ta shmantikotera empodia.

    Telos, to dhmosieyma kleinei anaferontas ti prepei na kanoyn apo edv kai pera, toso h Epitroph oso kai ta krath dieleyshs toy diadromoy gia na proxvrhsei h ylopoihsh toy.

    [09] SYNANTVNTAI STH SOFIA OI YPOYRGOI METAFORVN BOYLGARIAS-PGDM

    Dihmerh episkech sth Sofia pragmatopoiei,shmera kai ayrio, o ypoyrgos Metaforvn ths PGDM Ntimitar Mpoyzlefski.Ua synanthuei me ton Boylgaro omologo toy Stamen Stamenvf kai ua syzhthsoyn uemata poy exoyn sxesh me tis sygkoinvnies tvn dyo xvrvn, kauvs epishs kai gia thn kataskeyh ths sidhrodromikhs grammhs poy ua envnei ta Skopia me th Boylgaria.

    Symfvna me plhrofories, oi dyo ypoyrgoi ua syzhthsoyn kai to uema ths "paraegnatias" meta thn ypografh ths symfvnias sth Nea Yorkh,apo toys Proedroys ths Boylgarias,ths Toyrkias,ths PGDM kai ths Albanias.

    [10] O PRVUYPOYRGOS THS BOSNIAS STHN TOYRKIA - KOINH ASTYNOMIKH DYNAMH SYGKROTOYN TOYRKIA, BOSNIA KAI KROATIA

    O prvuypoyrgos ths Bosnias Xari Silatzits episkeptetai thn Agkyra, apokalyptei se shmerino ths dhmosieyma h efhmerida "SAMPAX". H efhmerida, tonizei idiaitera to gegonos oti den ekdouhke kamia epishmh kybernhtikh anakoinvsh gia thn episkech toy Bosnioy Prvuypoyrgoy.

    O toyrkikos typos anaferetai syssvmos stis dhlvseis Ntemirel, kata thn epistrofh toy apo tis HPA, symfvna me tis opoies, ypegrafh apo toys Proedroys ths Toyrkias, ths Bosnias kai ths Kroatias prvtokollo gia sygkrothsh trieunoys astynomikhs dynamhs, h opoia ua ejasfalisei thn asfalh epistrofh ths Zenica prosfygvn poy eixan katafygei sthn Kroatia.

    H "TZOYMXOYRIET" anaferetai sthn ypografh sth Nea Yorkh, sxetikhs symfvnias apo ton Toyrko yfypoyrgo Ejvterikvn Onoyr Oymen, ton ypoyrgo Ejvterikvn ths Bosnias Mvxamet Sakirmpey kai ton ypoyrgo Ejvterikvn ths Kroatias Mate Gkranits.

    Sthn astynomikh dynamh, h opoia ua apoteleitai apo 200 andres, ua symmetasxoyn 50 Toyrkoi astynomikoi, oi opoioi ua parameinoyn sth Bosnia, toylaxiston 6 mhnes.


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blasidh Blash)

    [11] H SYMMETOXH THS ELLADAS STON B' PAGKOSMIO POLEMO

    H epoxh poy mesolabei anamesa stoys dyo Pagkosmioys Polemoys (1918-1939) apotelei gia thn Eyrvph kai gia thn Ellada mia periodo synexvn anakatatajevn. H Agglia, h Gallia, h Rvsia, h Italia symmaxos tvn opoivn htan kai h Ellada anadeixuhkan nikhtes ston A' Pagkosmio Polemo, env h Germania kai h Aystroyggaria apoteloysan toys htthmenoys.

    Oi synuhkes eirhnhs poy ypografhkan htan ejontvtikes gia toys nikhmenoys. Dysbastaxtes polemikes apozhmivseis, dianomh tvn apoikivn tvn htthmenvn metajy tvn nikhtvn kai afairesh edafvn htan merikes mono apo tis ryumiseis poy epiblhuhkan to 1919.

    Me tetoies meuodoys oi nikhtes katestrefan oysiastika th dynatothta oikonomikhs anoruvshs olhs ths Eyrvphs kai dhmioyrgoysan tis proypoueseis gia neo polemo. Oi prosdokies gia ena kosmo eirhniko apodeiknyontan sthn prajh anisxyres mprosta sth boylimia tvn eunikismvn kai tvn oikonomikvn ypologismvn. H Koinvnia tvn Eunvn dhmioyrghma tvn synuhkvn eirhnhs egine katafygio tvn adynatvn kai pedio antagvnismoy tvn isxyrvn.

    H Germania kai h Italia htan dyo xvres stis opoies to palaio politiko systhma den mporese na epibivsei. H Italia mastizontan apo yperplhuysmo, apo elleich ependysevn sthn oikonomia, env h diafuora aplvnotan se ola ta epipeda ths politikhs zvhs. H Germania katadikasmenh na plhrvnei kaue xrono polemikes apozhmivseis stoys nikhtes, megalyteres apo to euniko akauaristo proion, mastizotan mexri to 1933 apo anergia, apobiolgw\misg, env o ektos elegxoy plhuvrismos ekane apagoreytikh akomh kai th skech gia ependyseis.

    To apotelesma olvn aytvn htan na gennhuoyn kai na apokthsoyn aphxhsh sta krath ayta akraia kinhmata poy den anagnvrizan tis arxes toy dhmokratikoy politeymatos. Sthn Italia o Moysolini dhmioyrghse to fasistiko komma kai sth Germania o Xitler to Eunikososialistiko komma. H rhtoreia tvn dyo andrvn strefotan kata tvn kefalaioyxvn kai kata tvn jenvn. Taytoxrona yposxontai stis ejaulivmenes mazes oti h anodos toys sthn ejoysia ua shmanei th lhjh tvn problhmatvn toys, afoy to kratos ua yperaspizetai ta symferonta kai ta dikaivmata toys stis diamaxes me toys kefalaioyxoys.

    Oi fasistes toy Moysolini sthn Italia ua katalaboyn prajikophmatika thn ejoysia to 1923, env sth Germania o Xitler ua nikhsei stis ekloges toy 1933 basizomenos stis chfoys tvn anergvn kai tvn ejaulivmenvn ergatvn kai agrotvn. Kai sta dyo krath h koinvnikh pronoia teuhke sto periuvrio. Oi dyo andres arxizoyn na ejoplizoyn toys stratoys toys me nea oplika systhmata, env ekponoyn sxedia gia thn anadeijh ths Germanias kai ths Italias se yperdynameis se baros tvn ypoloipvn.

    Sthn Ellada h periodos toy Mesopolemoy shmatodoteitai apo th Mikrasiatikh Katastrofh kai apo thn eleysh 1.300.000 prosfygvn apo th Mikra Asia, ton Ponto kai thn Anatolikh Urakh. To ergo ths egkatastashs toys sthn Ellada den einai eykolo, oyte prokeitai na lhjei syntoma. Se politiko epipedo synexizetai h diamaxh metajy Benizelikvn kai Antibenizelikvn me apotelesma oi misoi Ellhnes na uevroyn toys ypoloipoys misoys prodotes, env to dhmokratiko politeyma dokimazetai apo allepallhla strativtika kinhmata. To 1936 o taytoxronos uanatos toy Benizeloy, toy Kondylh, toy Papanastasioy kai toy Tsaldarh dinei thn eykairia ston basilia Gevrgio B' na dialysei th Boylh kai na anauesei prajikophmatika thn diakybernhsh ths xvras ston Ivannh Metaja.

    Apo to 1935 pyknvnoyn ta synnefa sta Balkania. H Italia ayjanei thn epiuetikothta ths. O Moysolini oneireyetai thn ejaplvsh ths italikhs kyriarxias se olh th Mesogeio. Oneireyetai to Mare nostrum, th Mesogeio vs mia italikh limnh. Epitiuetai katalambanei diadoxika thn Abhssynia, th Libyh kai thn Albania.

    Ta balkanika krath anhsyxoyn kai h Agglia, eyaisuhth se ayth thn perioxh ths Eyrvphs bgainei apo thn epifylaktikothta ths. H Agglia kai h Gallia prosferoyn thn eggyhsh toys sth Roymania kai sthn Ellada enantion endexomenhs italikhs epiueshs. H Boylgaria protima na syntaxuei me th Germania kai thn Italia poy exoyn systhsei tis dynameis toy Ajona.

    H ekrhjh toy B' Pagkosmioy Polemoy briskei antimetvpes apo th mia th Germania kai thn Italia kai apo thn allh thn Agglia kai th Gallia. Oi dyo teleytaies prokeimenoy na enisxysoyn th uesh toys ypografoyn triplh Symmaxia me thn Toyrkia sthn anatolikh Mesogeio. H Agglia gia na antistaumisei sthn Ellada thn oikonomikh epirroh ths Germanias, poy h emporikh ths drasthriothta den prepei na ypotimhuei para thn yperoxh toy agglikoy kefalaioy, ypografei me thn Ellada emporikh symfvnia kai ta Genika Epiteleia ths Elladas, Gallias kai Agglias ryumizoyn to uema ths apostolhs polemikhs bohueias.

    Otan o Xitler meta th synuhkologhsh ths Gallias ton Ioynio toy 1940 exei katalabei to megalytero meros ths Eyrvphs. h Ellada tassetai sto pleyro ths Agglias, poy th stigmh ayth diejagei monh ths ton agvna enantion tvn dynamevn toy Ajona. Allvste o ellhnikos laos apaitei mia tetoia politikh. Oi ekfobismoi ths Italias poy ekfrazontai me ton torpilismo toy ellhnikoy katadromikoy Ellh sthn Thno, ton Dekapentaygoysto toy 1940 den exoyn to apotelesma poy proejoflei o Moysolini. To italiko thlesigrafo ths 28hs Oktvbrioy 1940 me to opoio o Moysolini zhtoyse thn eleyuerh diodo tvn italikvn strateymatvn aporriptetai apo ton Ivannh Metaja xvris syzhthsh.

    O enuoysiasmos toy ellhnikoy stratoy kai ta boyna ths Albanias epitrepoyn stoys Ellhnes oxi monon na antimetvpisoyn thn epiuesh me epityxia, alla kai na perasoyn amesvs sthn antpiuesh. Sth dytikh Makedonia o ellhnikos stratos katalambanei stis 22 Noembrioy thn Korytsa, env ston kentriko tomea ths boreias Pindoy ejoydetervnei mia italikh merarxia Alpinistvn kai ston paraliako tomea, opoy oi Italoi eixan sthn arxh katoruvsei na eisxvrhsoyn se megalo bauos, toys ypoxrevnei na ekkenvsoyn thn koilada toy potamoy Kalama. Sto telos toy xronoy oi Italoi briskontai apvuhmenoi 60 xiliometra pera apo ta ellhnika synora.

    H italikh antepiuesh poy jekina me thn enarjh toy neoy etoys den exei apotelesma. O ellhnikos stratos ua mpei sto Pogradets, sto Argyrokastro, sth Xeimarra, stoys Agioys Saranta. Se diasthma eji mhnvn oi Italoi yfistantai baries httes. Dekaeji ellhnikes merarxies akinhtopoioyn sthn Albania eikosiepta italikes me ejoplismo poly anvtero tvn ellhnikvn.

    O Xitler blepontas tis diadoxikes httes toy italikoy stratoy apofasizei na epembei. Stelnontai germanikes mhxanokinhtes merarxies sth Boylgaria, env parallhla apeyuynetai thlesigrafo sth Gioygkoslabia na paraxvrhsei to edafos ths gia na perasei o germanikos stratos sthn Ellada. H gioygkoslabikh arnhsh omvs den synodeyetai kai apo antistoixh antidrash. Oi Germanoi tsakizoyn mesa se eji monon hmeres thn antistash tvn Gioygkoslabvn kai stis 6 Aprilioy toy 1941 oi germanikes mhxanokinhtes merarxies eisballoyn sto edafos ths Elladas taytoxrona apo th Gioygkoslabia kai th Boylgaria.

    To megalytero meros toy ellhnikoy stratoy brisketai bauia mesa sthn Albania kai den mporei na bohuhsei sthn antimetvpish toy neoy eisbolea. Oi liges ellhnikes monades poy briskontan sth Makedonia mazi me brettanikes dynameis den mporoyn na anakocoyn thn proelash tvn xitlerikvn strateymatvn. H kybernhsh kai o basilias egkataleipoyn th xvra, env h strativtikh hgesia synuhkologei stis 24 Aprilioy.

    H antistash kata tvn Germanvn metaferetai sthn Krhth. Oi Germanoi gia na katalaboyn thn Krhth metaferoyn apo ta alla metvpa tis epilektes dynameis tvn alejiptvtistvn. To kentro baros ths epiueshs strefetai sta dytika ths Krhths, me skopo na katalhfuei to aeqodq|lio toy Maleme, gia na mporoyn meta na prosgeivuoyn ta germanika metagvgika aeroplana. Oi arxikes apvleies tvn Germanvn alejiptvtistvn einai tromaktikes, katoruvnoyn omvs na katalaboyn to Maleme. H ptvsh ths Krhths einai pia gegonos. Omvs oi Germanoi gia na ypotajoyn thn Krhth exasan enan oloklhro mhna me apotelesma na arghsei na jekinhsei h epixeirhsh Mparmparossa gia thn katalhch ths Sobietikhs Envshs, kai na toys prolabei o barys rvsikos xeimvnas prin katoruvsoyn na kamcoyn thn antistash toy Sobietikoy stratoy.

    H symbolh sth symmaxikh ypouesh ths ellhnikhs antistashs kata ths germanoitalikhs eisbolhs anagnvrizetai apo oloys. O Oyinston Tsvrtsil, prvuypoyrgos tote ths Agglias orizei sta Apomnhmoneymata toy th shmasia ths:

    Ektos toy oti oi ellhnikes epityxies sthn Albania, synistoyn thn prvth nikh tvn Symmaxvn th stigmh poy fainotan o Ajonas panisxyros, enuarrynoyn toys alloys distaktikoys laoys, katastrefoyn to gohtro toy Moysolini kai ephreazoyn akomh perissotero th stash toy amerikanikoy laoy.

    "Einai anamfibolo -grafei o Tsvrtsil- oti to egklhma poy dieprajan o Moysolini kai o Xitler xtypvntas thn Ellada kai oi prospaueies mas gia na apotyxei h tyrrania toys aggijan bauia ton lao tvn Hnvmenvn Politeivn kai propanton ton megalo andra poy eixe epikefalhs, ton Royzbelt".

    H antistash sthn Krhth prokalese thn katastrofh epilektvn germanikvn dynamevn, poy ua mporoysan na paijoyn kefalaivdh rolo sta metagenestera gegonota ths Meshs Anatolhs. "Sthn Krhth o Gkairigk den kerdise para mia Pyrreio nikh, giati oi dynameis poy katanalvse ekei ua mporoysan eykola na toy dvsoyn thn Kypro, to Irak, th Syria kai isvs thn Persia". Telos xarh sth serbikh kai thn ellhnikh antistash o Xitler anagkasthke na anabalei gia zvtiko xroniko diasthma thn epiuesh kata ths Sobietikhs Envshs, me apotelesma na anatrapoyn ta sxedia toy kai na antistrafei h poreia toy polemoy.

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