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MPA NEWS IN ENGLISH (26/03/1996)
From: Macedonian Press Agency <email@example.com>
Macedonian Press Agency News in English Directory
MACEDONIAN PRESS AGENCY NEWS IN ENGLISH
Tuesday, March 26 1996
 EU FOREIGN MINISTERS COUNCIL FALLS THROUGH, TURKEY'S ASSOCIATION POSTPONED
 THE POSTPONEMENT OF THE TURKEY-EU ASSOCIATION COUNCIL IS AN ACHIEVEMENT OF THE GREEK DIPLOMACY, STATED MR.ARSENIS
 GREECE WILL INSIST ON ITS VETO FOR AS LONG AS TURKEY CONTINUES THE PROVOCATIONS, SAID THE GREEK FOREIGN MINISTER
 THE GREEK PRIME MINISTER IS INVITED TO VISIT TURKEY
 GREEK PREMIER TURNS DOWN INVITATION TO VISIT TURKEY, FOR NOW
 FOREIGN MINISTER SPEAKS ON POSTPONEMENT OF EU-TURKEY ASSOCIATION
 THE VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE BOSNIAN SERBS LEAVES OPEN THE POSSIBILITY OF KARADJIC'S PARTICIPATION IN THE SERB REPUBLIC'S FORTHCOMING ELECTIONS
 GREECE WILL NOT PARTICIPATE IN NATO'S "DISTANT THUNDER 96" EXERCISE
 US PRESIDENT SIGNS PROCLAMATION FOR GREEK INDEPENDENCE DAY
 U.S. FIRST LADY IN ANKARA TODAY, TO VISIT ATHENS ON THURSDAY
 CYPRUS SIGNS TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION ACCORD WITH RUSSIA
 THE CYPRIOT FOREIGN MINISTER IS ON A VISIT TO ISRAEL
 ITALIAN EU PRESIDENCY REPRESENTATIVE ARRIVES IN CYPRUS TOMORROW
 TEN TONS OF BEEF FROM GREAT BRITAIN CONFISCATED IN GREECE
 QUEEN ELISABETH SENT CONGRATULATORY TELEGRAM TO GREEK PRESIDENT
 BOSNIAN-SERB LEADER CONGRATULATES GREEK PRESIDENT AND PREMIER
 DEFENSE MINISTER WILL TRAVEL TO BOSNIA TOMORROW
 BULGARIAN FOREIGN MINISTER TO VISIT GREECE
 GREEK PARLIAMENTARIANS VISIT AUSTRALIA FOR GREEK NATIONAL HOLIDAY
 THOUSANDS ATTEND GREEK NATIONAL HOLIDAY PARADE IN BOSTON
 US OPENS EMBASSY IN SKOPJE, UN AMBASSADOR ON VISIT
 MULTIETHNIC SARAJEVO WILL NOT SURVIVE PEACE
 FRANCE WARNS AGAIN ON PEACE PROCESS IN BOSNIA
 GHALI ACCUSES THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OF ETHNIC INTOLERANCE
 FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE REPORT
NEWS IN DETAIL
 EU FOREIGN MINISTERS COUNCIL FALLS THROUGH, TURKEY'S ASSOCIATION POSTPONEDThe European Union's Foreign Ministers Council came to a dead end late last night leading to the postponement of today's EU- Turkey Association Council meeting.
The postponement was incumbent since the turkish goverment refused to accept the planned document suggested by the 15, whose text included the greek positions that call for Turkey to commit itself on the issue of Greece's territorial integrity, to state that it will not resort to violence or the threat thereof against Greece and to observe the international accords.
Concurrently, the document made a clear reference to the fact that any dispute between the two countries would be resolved by the International Court of Justice at The Hague, while it was specifically stated that Turkey must respect and observe the good neighboring rules.
The document's text brought about a "marathon" of negotiations, as the Italian Foreign Minister Suzanna Agnelli communicated numerous times with her turkish counterpart. Late last night, Germany, France and Italy retracted their original positions and tried to adopt another, clearly changed text. However, Greece reacted and the result was the postponement of the EU-Turkey Association Council.
Following the meeting, Foreign Minister Theodoros Pangalos spoke to reporters and stated that "the postonement took place because we refused any text that does not express the principles, which, on one hand are Community principles and on the other constitute general principles of the United Nations constitutional map and the Helsinki Final Act, which Turkey has also signed."
Mr. Pangalos continued that the greek position is crystal clear, does not permit questioning and emphasized that "no one can convince us to abandon our position." He aslso pointed out that the italian presidency has been subjected to various pressures, some stemming from factors found outside the Community.
Meanwhile, the Italian Foreign Minister, who currently holds the rotating EU Presidency, avoided to attribute responsibility to anyone regarding the Association Council's cancellation and merely stated that the meeting has been psotponed to a future date. However, the EU Foreign Ministers have authorized Italy to undertake the necessary steps that will lead to the Association Council meeting being held soon, certainly by June.
 THE POSTPONEMENT OF THE TURKEY-EU ASSOCIATION COUNCIL IS AN ACHIEVEMENT OF THE GREEK DIPLOMACY, STATED MR.ARSENISGreek Minister of Defense Gerasimos Arsenis characterized the postponement of the Turkey-EU Association Council as an achievement of the greek diplomacy, speaking today in the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, while he also stressed that mr.Yilmaz's friendship attack was a tactical move empty of essential content.
Mr.Arsenis also underlined that he is against the unconditional start of dialogue with Turkey which disregards human rights and international conventions. The Minister characterized the greek-turkish disputes as a problem with wider dimensions and for its solution he proposed the creation of a strong deterrent armed force, a series of defense agreements with countries facing similar problems with Greece in relation with Turkey and intense negotiation campaign in Europe and the United States.
Mr.Arsenis also proposed the development of a multilateral and active cooperation with the Balkan states in combination with Greece's relations with Europe.
The greek Minister of Defense also pointed out the threat of a new oil crisis which will soon break out as 15% of the population in the developed countries uses 80% of the world energy, while the third world population is increasing, asking too for access to energy resources.
According to mr.Arsenis, the issue of oil and its transport through oil pipe-lines will be a major political and economic issue in the decades to come and will determine the security in the region of south-eastern Europe. Also, he underlined that instability in the Balkans is due mainly to the competition of powers outside the region, while he stressed that even though there is no european policy for the Balkans there is a clear presence of the United States and oil companies which have a view point on energy and its transport in the region.
 GREECE WILL INSIST ON ITS VETO FOR AS LONG AS TURKEY CONTINUES THE PROVOCATIONS, SAID THE GREEK FOREIGN MINISTERGreece will insist on its veto applied on the EU funds for Turkey for as long as Ankara continues its provocations and its territorial claims.
The above were stated by greek Foreign Minister Theodoros Pangalos upon his return from Brussels. He characteristically stated that for as long as the greek sovereignty over the Dodecanese continues to be disputed the relations between Turkey and the European Union can not have a normal course.
The greek Foreign Minister stated that Greece is not refusing to have dialogue with Turkey but is not discussing issues concerning its territorial rights. He clarified that the basis for this dialogue can be previous contacts and agreements between the two countries, using as an example the agreement signed in Vouliagmeni by former Foreign Minister Karolos Papoulias and Mesut Yilmaz, the then turkish Foreign Minister.
Mr.Pangalos also did not rule out a possible meeting with his turkish counterpart in Bucharest this April on the sidelines of the Black Sea Conference.
Finally, the greek Foreign Minister stressed that the greek delegation gave a difficult fight and managed to win the adoption of the greek positions by the EU, according to which Turkey disputes the greek sovereignty over the Dodecanese.
 THE GREEK PRIME MINISTER IS INVITED TO VISIT TURKEYTurkish Ambassador to Athens, Umit Pamir during the meeting he had today with Greek Prime Minister Kostas Simitis delivered him a message by Turkish Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz to visit Turkey.
The turkish Ambassador outlined mr.Yilmaz's positions expressed during a press conference three days ago and reiterated the turkish Prime Minister's invitation to mr.Simitis to visit Ankara.
According to information, mr.Simitis said to the Turkish Ambassador that Greece wants good relations with Turkey and called Ankara to help in a decisive way toward this direction. Based on the same sources, the Prime Minister asked Turkey to accept the positions of the EU member states as they were expressed in yesterday's Council of Ministers.
 GREEK PREMIER TURNS DOWN INVITATION TO VISIT TURKEY, FOR NOW"A meeting between the Prime Ministers of Greece and Turkey cannot take place under the present conditions," stated government spokesperson Dimitris Reppas this afternoon.
The Media and Press Minister was referring to the invitation issued by Turkish Prime Minister Melsut Yilmaz to his greek counterpart Kostas Simitis to visit Turkey, in a message given by the Turkish Ambassador to Athens, Umit Pamir.
Mr. Reppas stated that the Greek Premier outlined to Mr. Pamir the greek positions and expressed the greek government's willingness to smooth out bilateral relations.
 FOREIGN MINISTER SPEAKS ON POSTPONEMENT OF EU-TURKEY ASSOCIATIONIn a message clearly directed at Ankara, the Greek Foreign Minister Theodoros Pangalos stated that the process of the EU- Turkey Customs Union is not going to be a smooth ride, as long as the turkish territorial claims and provocations remain.
Upon his return from Brussels, Mr. Pangalos stated that during yesterday's EU Foregin Ministers Council, Greece maintained a stance that was "decisive and at the same time modest and prudent."
Mr. Pangalos noted that Greece has "the best intentions" towards the Yilmaz proposals for a greek-turkish dialogue "in the framework of bilateral contacts, that will imminently take place, such as, for example, the Black Sea Conference scheduled to take place in April in Bucharest.
However, Mr. Pangalos ruled out a dialogue based on the "well- understood interests (to which the turk Premier make reference), which for Turkey constitute a dialogue regarding greek sovereignty."
"If Turkey believes that certain borders are not as she wishes them to be, then it may resort to The Hague," Mr. Pangalos stated.
Commending on Mr. Yilmaz' speech given to the EU, Mr. Pangalos noted that, aside from the positive points, it also contained numerous inaccuracies and impression- seeking areas. He specifically referred to a part of Mr. Yilmaz's speech where the Turk Premier stated that "Turkey does not violate anyone's territorial sovereignty."
The Greek Foreign Minister stated that quite recently Turkey violated Greece's territorial sovereignty in Imia, has been occupying for more than 20 years 40% of Cyprus, and crosses the borders of Iraq every 15-20 days.
 THE VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE BOSNIAN SERBS LEAVES OPEN THE POSSIBILITY OF KARADJIC'S PARTICIPATION IN THE SERB REPUBLIC'S FORTHCOMING ELECTIONSSerb Republic vice-President Nikola Kolievic in a press conference in Thessaloniki, where he arrived last Saturday after an invitation by Kalamaria's mayor Thrasivoulos Lazaridis, stated that he will give a lot of thought to a proposal by the political leadership and the bosnian-serb people to be a candidate in the Serb Republic's forthcoming elections scheduled to take place in August.
Mr.Kolievic said that the efforts of the Serb Republic's political leadership are focusing on the possibility to have President Radovan Karadjic as candidate in the elections despite the fact that the bosnian-serb leader has been indicted as war criminal. The bosnian-serb vice-President referred to the efforts by Russia to have Karadjic acquitted of all charges and clarified that the Dayton agreement does not include a term ruling out mr.Karadjic's participation in the elections. Nevertheless, he admitted that the international community and the European Union exert strong pressures in order to bar mr.Karadjic from being a candidate in the elections.
He also stated that "external pressures" on the Bosnian-Serbs aim at making them promote certain candidatures and stressed that the bosnian-serbs will not allow anyone with fake political ambitions to bring division among them.
The Bosnian-Serb vice-President also confirmed information according to which the NATO peace implementation forces encourage the Muslims and the Croats to live in serb regions expressing doubt that a large number of them want to visit or live in the serb controlled regions. Mr.Kolievic also clarified that the Serb Republic's political leadership will raise no restrictions.
Commenting on the forthcoming recognition of FYROM by New Yugoslavia under the name "Macedonia" he said that the problem with Skopje must be resolved in order to have stability in the Balkan region but he stressed that the issue should not be resolved in a way that will hurt the greek-serb relations, stating characteristically that the bosnian-serbs know very well what this friendship means.
 GREECE WILL NOT PARTICIPATE IN NATO'S "DISTANT THUNDER 96" EXERCISEGreece is not participating in NATO's annual aeronautical exercise "Distant Thunder 96", currently taking place in the Aegean Sea, due to the known problems in the region, announced the General Staff of National Defense.
The Aegean Sea portion of the exercise will continue throughout today and tomorrow, with the participation of Turkey and small forces of other allies. Greek military patrol boats and fighter planes are currently present in the region, in order to avert any potential turkish provocations.
The aeronautical exercise will be carried out until April 5 and will take place in inland Turkey and the eastern Mediterranean.
 US PRESIDENT SIGNS PROCLAMATION FOR GREEK INDEPENDENCE DAYUnited States President Bill Clinton has signed a proclamation announcing the Greek Independence Day of March 25 to be "a national day of celebration of Greek and American Democracy."
In the proclamation, released last Friday by the White House, the American President states that "it is one of history's great ironies that Greece, the birthplace of democracy, was subject for centuries to foreign domination, culminating in almost four hundred years of political suppression by the Ottoman Empire."
Commemorating the one hundred and seventy-fifth anniversary of the Greek Revolution, the american President calls upon all Americans "to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies, activities and programs."
 U.S. FIRST LADY IN ANKARA TODAY, TO VISIT ATHENS ON THURSDAYUnited States First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton arrived in Ankara last evening, her previous to last stop of her nine-day, five-country goodwill mission.
On Thursday, Mrs. Clinton, who is accompanied by her 16-year- old daughter Chelsea, will arrive in Athens, where she will meet with representatives of women's groups and will participate in the ceremonial lighting of the Olympic flame that will burn at the July Atlanta Summer Games.
 CYPRUS SIGNS TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION ACCORD WITH RUSSIADefense Minister of Cyrpus Kostas Heliades signed a technical co-operation accord on defense issues with the russian government in Moscow.
Referring to the contents of the accord, the Cypriot Defense Minister clarified that it is an accord-framework based on which others may follow in the future.
Commending on turkish reactions to the agreement, Mr. Heliades stated that "the Cypriot Republic is an independent state and has the right to sign international accords with any (state) including the Russian Federation."
During his stay in Russia, the Cypriot Defense Minister also visited industrial armament plants.
 THE CYPRIOT FOREIGN MINISTER IS ON A VISIT TO ISRAELCypriot Foreign Minister Alekos Michailidis is expected to arrive today in Israel for a working visit. Mr.Michailidis will be received by the israeli Prime Minister and will have a meeting with his israeli counterpart.
The talks he will have in Israel are expected to cover issues concerning bilateral relations, the course of the Middle East peace process, Cyprus' role in the region and also issues of mutual interest. Mr.Michailidis will return to Cyprus on Wednesday night.
 ITALIAN EU PRESIDENCY REPRESENTATIVE ARRIVES IN CYPRUS TOMORROWThe EU Italian Presidency representative Federico di Roberto arrives in Cyprus tomorrow. His visit aims at the continuation of the efforts for the solution of the Cyprus problem as he will be representing the EU and during the Irish EU Presidency.
Cypriot government spokesman avoided to comment on the report submitted by mr.Di Roberto stating that everyting taking place within the EU Council of Ministers is confidential.
 TEN TONS OF BEEF FROM GREAT BRITAIN CONFISCATED IN GREECETen tons of beef that was imported from the United Kingdom have been confiscated by authorities of the Greek Agriculture Ministry. The meat was found in containers titled "Europe Freezers" and its confiscation procedures have already been set in motion.
Meanwhile, according to reports, Agriculture Minister Stefanos Tzoumakas, among his proposals presented today at the Governmental Committee, aksed for more intensive checks on all imported meat in the market, as opposed to the sample checks that were being performed until now.
 QUEEN ELISABETH SENT CONGRATULATORY TELEGRAM TO GREEK PRESIDENTHonoring the occassion of the Greek Independence Day of March 25, Queen Elizabeth has sent a congratulatory telegram to the Greek President Kostis Stephanopoulos.
In her message, Her Majesty expresses her warm salute to the President and the greek people and wishes upon the country a future of happiness and welfare.
 BOSNIAN-SERB LEADER CONGRATULATES GREEK PRESIDENT AND PREMIERThe admiration and gratitude of the Bosnian-Serbs towards Greece was expressed by a message sent to the Greek President Kostis Stephanopoulos and the Premier Kostas Simitis by the President of the Serb Republic Radovan Karadjic.
Mr. Karadjic wished upon the Greek people to continue to aim towards a complete economic welfare, a social and spiritual recognition and to strengthen the greek fame in the struggle for peace, friendship and co-operation between the two orthodox friends.
According to the Bosnian Serb news agency that broadcast the message, Mr. Karadjic's salute was fit for the occasion of the Greek Independence Day.
 DEFENSE MINISTER WILL TRAVEL TO BOSNIA TOMORROWMinister of National Defense Gerasimos Arsenis will depart for Bosnia tomorrow in order to visit the Greek battalion participating in the international peacekeeping forces there.
During his stay in Bosnia, Mr. Arsenis will hold briefing sessions with officers in Sarajevo's peacekeeping forces headquarters.
 BULGARIAN FOREIGN MINISTER TO VISIT GREECEBulgarian Foreign Minister Georgi Pirinski will conduct an official visit to Greece on April 5 and 6, following an invitation by his greek counterpart Theodoros Pangalos.
The announcement was made by the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry spokesperson P. Karasimeonov.
 GREEK PARLIAMENTARIANS VISIT AUSTRALIA FOR GREEK NATIONAL HOLIDAYThe need to guard the unity of the greeks living in Asutralia was expressed in unisom through their messages by the members of the Greek Parliament Representatives in Melbourne, were they currently are attending the celebration of the greek national holiday of March 25.
Heading the delegation is the PASOK MP P. Fountas, accompanied by main opposition MP Panayiotopoulos, Political Spring MP Nikopoulos and Greek Communist Party MP Strifaris.
The delegation members have asked the leaders of the greek community in Australia to undertake common initiatives that will reach a solution to the so-called "ecclesiastical" issue that has concerned the Australian greek community for more than 30 years.
 THOUSANDS ATTEND GREEK NATIONAL HOLIDAY PARADE IN BOSTONAmidst thousands of spectators, the Greek National Holiday Parade honoring the 175th anniversary of greek independence from Ottoman rule, strolled through Boston's Prudential Center amidst fanfare and shouts of patriotism.
This year's parade featured the participation of more than 70 organizations. Attending the festivities in Boston were the Mayor Thomas Menino, and representatives of the federation of Hellenic- American Societies of New England, who sponsored the parade, as well as the Greek Orthodox Diocese of Boston.
 US OPENS EMBASSY IN SKOPJE, UN AMBASSADOR ON VISITOn the occassion of the United States Embassy opening in Skopje, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Madeleine Albright embarked on a diplomatic mission to FYROM on March 23.
Ms. Albright met with FYROM President Kiro Gligorov, as well as with the Ministers of Defense and Foreign Affairs. The UN ambassador also met with american troops based in the Petrovac Army Camp near the Skopje Airport.
At the inauguration of the U.S. Embassy in Skopje, Ms. Albright read a letter from U.S. President Bill Clinton calling the opening of the diplomatic mission a "clear demonstration of U.S. support and a strong symbol of our closeness."
The U.S. recognized FYROM in February 1994 but delayed opening an embassy in Skopje until Greece and FYROM signed an interim accord.
 MULTIETHNIC SARAJEVO WILL NOT SURVIVE PEACEWestern observers in the Balkans, quoted by the Washington Times, remark that a multi-ethnic Bosnia and a multi-ethnic Sarajevo will hardly survive under the current applications of the Dayton Agreement. There are problems between the Serbs who might have stayed in Sarajevo and Muslims gangs who are threatening and harassing them without any intervention by police or federal authorities. Also, there is growing tension within the Muslim-Croatian Federation and the close military and intelligence ties with Iran. According to the Washington Times, all this facts confirm that Izetbegovic and his party are slowly creating a small Muslim state within Bosnia and the co-existence with "the others" is unaccepatble for either side. Therefore, Bosnia will be divided into three ethnically homogenous miniature states, which is contrary to the Dayton Agreement - a document promoting and backing a unitary and multi- ethnic Bosnia- states the Washington Times.
 FRANCE WARNS AGAIN ON PEACE PROCESS IN BOSNIAFrance has warned again that the peace process in Bosnia- Herzegovina rather resembles a process of ethnic separation and division of Bosnia, reported the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs after the meeting two days ago in Moscow.
It was stated in Paris that the peace process in Bosnia is threatened by three main dangers: controversies between the Croatian and Muslim ruling parties in Bosnia- Herzegovina, the determination of the United States to provide weapons to the Muslim army and the withdrawal of American troops from Bosnia before the end of the year, as announced by President Clinton.
A french Foreign Ministry communique sent strong remarks, mostly to Zagreb, demanding that Franjo Tudjman guarantees the respect of all the provisions of the Peace Agreement. The crisis of the dual federation in Bosnia is qualified as very dangerous and risky. Moreover, the Bosnia-Herzegovina Federation is called by the Paris commentators "an Achilles heel" of the Dayton Agreement.
 GHALI ACCUSES THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OF ETHNIC INTOLERANCEIn a report prepared for the Security Council, UN Secretary- General Boutros Boutros Ghali has accused the Muslim government in Sarajevo of not respecting the Dayton Peace Agreement's main objective, which is a wholesome and multi-ethnic Bosnia. The Muslim government has failed to undertake any measures to protect and guarantee safety to the Serbian population so that it can remain and live in the Sarajevo suburbs, said Ghali in his report. Moreover, he added that Muslim authorities failed to protect them from the bestialities of the Muslim gangs and, as such , have promoted the exodus of Serbs from the Sarajevo suburbs during its transition to the Muslim-Croat Federation's control.
Supporting his statements, Ghali quoted the behavior of the Muslim ruling party television station SDA which these days was broadcasting Islamic and nationalist programs instead of promoting a religious and ethnic tolerance, which was the point of departure of the Dayton Peace Agreement.
 FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE REPORT
CURRENCY FIXING BUY SELL ECU 302.6000 301.6920 303.5080 U.S. Dollar 240.6100 239.8880 241.3320 Deutsche Mark 163.0700 162.5810 163.5590 UK Sterling 367.3400 366.2380 368.4420 French Franc 47.6200 47.4770 47.7530 Swedish Crown 36.3790 36.2700 36.4880 Danish Kroner 42.2440 42.1170 42.3710 Norwegian Crown 37.5100 37.3970 37.6230 Italian Lira 15.3725 15.3260 15.4190 Swiss Franc 202.0520 201.4460 202.6580 Spanish Peseta 1.9408 1.9350 1.9466 Finnish Mark 52.3800 52.2230 52.5370 Yen 226.7650 226.0850 227.4450