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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 04-01-07

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Th megalh kyria ths dhmosiografias To teleytaio "antio" sth Maria Rezan
  • [02] Symfwna me pagkosmia dhmoskophsh H Ellada deyterh pio apaisiodojh xwra
  • [03] Qetikh apotimhsh twn apofasewn Shmith H prwth dhmoskophsh

    [01] Eswterika

    Th megalh kyria ths dhmosiografias To teleytaio "antio" sth Maria Rezan

    (7/1/2004 5:43:00 mm)

    Syntakths: Bibh Papastefanoy

    Mesa se sygkinhsiako klima apoxairetisan to meshmeri th Maria Rezan ta tessera paidia ths, syggeneis, filoi kai synadelfoi sto A' Nekrotafeio. Apo ton politiko kosmo paresthsan oi Byrwn Polydwras, Nikos Kwnstantopoylos, Prokophs Paylopoylos, Manwlhs Glezos, Basilhs Kontogianopoylos, Nikos Mpisths, Giwrgos Katsifaras, Elenh Koyrkoyla kai Petros Eyqymioy. H megalh kyria ths dhmosiografias peqane se hlikia 83 etwn, to perasmeno Sabbato sto nosokomeio "Errikos Ntynan".

    H biografia ths

    H Maria Rezan gennhqhke sthn Aqhna to 1921 apo Mikrasiates goneis ebraikhs katagwghs . Apofoithse apo to 2o Gymnasio Qhlewn Aqhnwn kai diekoce tis panepisthmiakes ths spoydes sthn Arxaiologia, logw ths khryjews toy B' Pagkosmioy Polemoy. Kata th diarkeia toy Albanikoy Epoys '40-'41 prosefere tis yphresies ths san eqelontria toy Ellhnikoy Eryqroy Stayroy sto 11o Stratiwtiko Nosokomeio Aqhnwn (sto Amerikaniko Kolegio). To 1943 synelhfqh apo tis italikes arxes katoxhs kai krathqhke stis fylakes Aberwf. Kata th diarkeia ths germanikhs katoxhs, h oikogeneia ths kai h idia ezhsan sthn paranomia, logw ths ebraikhs toys katagwghs. Meta ton polemo, san syzygos toy yfypoyrgoy para tw prwqypoyrgw twn kybernhsewn Nikolaoy Plasthra, Andrea Iwshf , ezhse apo konta ta megala gegonota ths metemfyliakhs periodoy (anodos kai ptwsh Nik. Plasthra, ektelesh Nikoy Mpelogiannh klp). Arxise th dhmosiografikh ths stadiodromia sta telh ths dekaetias toy '50 sthn efhmerida ''Eleyqeria'' toy Panoy B. Kokka, opoy yphrje ypeyqynh ths kallitexnikhs selidas ths, kaqws kai anaktorikh syntaktria. Apo tis arxes ths dekaetias toy '60 yphrje epishs stelexos toy EOT kai syndieyqyntria toy Festibal Aqhnwn . Apo tis qeseis aytes yphrje martys twn megalwn gegonotwn (politikwn kai politistikwn) ths dekaetias toys '60. Ekane thn prwth radiofwnikh ths ekpomph "Dyo files koybentiazoyn gia ola kai gia tipota", sthn EIR to 1966 , mazi me th synadelfo ths Tassw Kabbadia. Me thn epibolh toy diktatorikoy kaqestwtos 1967 kai to taytoxrono kleisimo ths ''Eleyqerias'' aytoejoristhke sto Parisi, ton Aygoysto toy 1967. To Noembrio toy 1967 mphke sto megalo eidhseografiko periodiko ''L' EXPRESS'', apo to opoio to 1972 proselhfqh sto periodiko ''LE POINT'' . Yphrje, epishs, antapokritria ths efhmeridas ''Apogeymatinh'' sto Parisi, apo to 1973. Epestrece sthn Ellada to 1978 , ystera apo paramonh 11 etwn sth Gallia kai ergasthke diadoxika sto ''Kyriakatiko Bhma'' kai sthn ''Kaqhmerinh''. To 1980 paroysiase apo to Prwto Programma ths Ellhnikhs Radiofwnias thn ekpomph ths ''Mia wra etsi xwris programma'', h opoia eixe megalh epityxia, alla kai prokalese polles antidraseis. Ton idio titlo epishs efere kai to biblio ths poy kykloforhse to 1999 poy den einai h istoria mias epoxhs alla apla h istoria mias gynaikas, mhteras kai dhmosiografoy kata th diarkeia mias epoxhs poy ta eixe ola: polemoys, katoxh, prosfygia, peina, kakoyxies, diwgmoys, fylakh, emfylio, diktatories kai ejories. H ekpomph ths sto radiofwno diakophke dyo fores kai oristika to 1984. Apo to 1988 mexri 1989 synergasthke me to periodiko ''ENA'' . To 1990 paroysiase thn thleoptikh seira ''Xronia dhmokratias'' , afierwmenh sta 15 xronia adialeipths dhmokratikhs zwhs sthn Ellada. H Maria Rezan yphrje h prwth gynaika melos toy Dioikhtikoy Symboylioy ths Enwsews Syntaktwn stis arxes ths dekaetias toy '80. Miloyse gallika kai agglika kai eixe synergastei me polla jena periodika, efhmerides, dieqnh praktoreia eidhsewn kai jenoys radiothleoptikoys staqmoys. Eixe tajidecei se polles xwres toy kosmoy. Htan diazeygmenh kai eixe tessera paidia.

    [02] Diafora

    Symfwna me pagkosmia dhmoskophsh H Ellada deyterh pio apaisiodojh xwra ston kosmo

    (7/1/2004 8:25:00 mm)

    Syntakths: Mariloy Tzempelikoy

    Enas stoys dyo Ellhnes pisteyei oti to 2004 qa einai xeirotero apo to 2003 gegonos to opoio katatassei th xwra mas ws th deyterh pio apaisiodojh xwra toy kosmoy, symfwna me ta apotelesmata pagkosmias dhmoskophshs apo thn TNS ICAP kai thn Gallup International. H stash ayth twn Ellhnwn syndeetai me to gegonos oti to neo etos anamenetai na einai mia xronia me oikonomikes dyskolies kai me shmantikh ayjhsh ths anergias. Pio analytika, sto erwthma "sxetika me o,ti sas afora, pisteyete oti to 2004 qa einai kalyterh h xeiroterh xronia apo to 2003;", oi pente pleon apaisiodojes xwres toy planhth einai h Slobakia, h Ellada, h Polwnia, to Ekoyador kai h Portogalia opoy to 50%, to 46%, to 43%, to 43% kai to 41% twn politwn antistoixa, pisteyei oti to 2004 qa einai xeiroterh xronia apo to 2003. Gia thn Ellada, h apaisiodojia kyriarxei kaqws to 46% twn Ellhnwn dhlwnei oti ayth h xronia qa einai xeiroterh apo thn perysinh.

    Pio apaisiodojoi apo oloys toys Eyrwpaioys oi Ellhnes

    Oi Ellhnes, sygkritika oxi mono me toys katoikoys twn ypoloipwn kratwn-melwn ths E.E. alla kai me to synolo twn xwrwn, se pososto 59% pisteyoyn oti to 2004 qa einai mia xronia me oikonomikes dyskolies , to 26% pisteyei oti to 2004 qa einai idio oikonomika me to 2003 enw molis to 12% twn Ellhnwn anamenei oikonomikh eymareia. Gia toys Ellhnes, den exei allajei tipota sygkritika me perysi, kaqws gia thn epomenh xronia anamenoyn ston idio baqmo mia xronia me oikonomikes dyskolies (59% gia to 2004 kai 58% gia to 2003).

    Anamesa stis xwres ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, h Ellada jexwrizei logw toy ychloy posostoy erwtwmenwn (36%) poy pisteyoyn oti h anergia qa ayjhqei poly to 2004 sth xwra toys th stigmh poy to antistoixo pososto sthn ypoloiph Eyrwpaikh Enwsh einai molis 15%. Wstoso, to pososto twn erwtwmenwn poy pisteyoyn oti h anergia to 2004 synolika qa ayjhqei paramenei idiaitera ychlo sta krath-melh ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs. Pio sygkekrimena, gia fetos to 55% twn politwn twn kratwn-melwn ths E.E. anamenei synolika ayjhsh ths anergias (to antistoixo pososto gia to etos 2003 htan 58% kai to 2002 htan 55%). Sthn Ellada to 64% twn politwn anamenei to 2004 eite mikrh eite megalh ayjhsh ths anergias.

    Anasfaleis oi Ellhnes kai gia thn ergasia toys

    To 73% twn Ellhnwn pisteyei oti qa dyskoleyotan na brei doyleia.

    Sxetika me to qema ths ergasias oi Ellhnes emfanizontai ws oi pio anasfaleis katoikoi ths EE sxetika me thn paramonh toys sthn paroysa ergasia toys kaqws oi 4 stoys 10 apodexontai thn piqanothta na meinoyn anergoi th stigmh poy to antistoixo pososto sta ypoloipa krath-melh einai 24%. H Ellada den emfanizei thn idia sigoyria me toys etairoys ths sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kaqws h pleiochfia twn ergazomenwn Ellhnwn dhlwnei oti qa dyskoleyotan sthn aneyresh ergasias (73%) enw mono to 22% pisteyei oti qa ebriske doyleia arketa grhgora. H stash twn Ellhnwn sto sygkekrimeno qema exei allajei shmantika se sxesh me perysi kaqws perysi to 62% twn Ellhnwn dhlwne oti qa dyskoleyotan na brei ergasia se periptwsh poy emenan anergoi kai fetos to antistoixo pososto exei ayjhqei sto 73%.

    Sto Xongk Kongk oi pio aisiodojoi polites toy kosmoy

    Stis deka pio aisiodojes xwres de sygkatalegetai kamia dytikoeyrwpaikh xwra.

    Symfwna me thn idia dhmoskophsh h pio aisiodojh perioxh ston kosmo einai to Xongk Kongk kai akoloyqoyn to tmhma toy Kossyfopedioy poy dioikeitai apo tis dynameis toy OHE, h Gewrgia, to Azermpaitzan, oi HPA, h Aystralia, h India, h Argentinh, h Nighria kai o Kanadas. Ajioshmeiwto einai to gegonos oti sth lista me tis deka pio aisiodojes xwres den yparxei kamia dytikoeyrwpaikh xwra gegonos to opoio antikatoptrizei th dyskolh oikonomikh katastash poy epikratei sthn Eyrwph.

    H Gallup International Association pragmatopoihse ereyna se 60 xwres, me stoxo thn apotypwsh twn apocewn twn lawn sxetika me th nea xronia. Synolika, gia thn ereyna ayth pragmatopoihqhkan panw apo 65.000 synenteyjeis . Sthn Ellada h ereyna diejhxqh to Noembrio toy 2003 apo thn etairia TNS ICAP (melos ths Gallup International Association) me th meqodo twn thlefwnikwn synenteyjewn . To deigma ths ereynas sthn Ellada einai antiproswpeytiko toy plhqysmoy kai apoteleitai apo 500 andres kai gynaikes, hlikias 15 etwn kai anw, poy diamenoyn se astikes, hmiastikes kai agrotikes perioxes olhs ths xwras.

    Sxetika Links:

    http://www.gallup-international.com/

    [03] Eswterika

    Qetikh apotimhsh twn apofasewn Shmith H prwth dhmoskophsh

    (7/1/2004 9:48:00 mm)

    Syntakths: Annita Pasxalinoy

    Katarxhn qetikh apotimhsh ths apofashs toy Kwsta Shmith na apoxwrhsei apo thn hgesia toy PASOK, deixnei h prwth dhmoskophsh poy diejhxqh gia logariasmo ths ERT apo thn etaireia KAPA Resarch. Symfwna me thn panelladikh ereyna, h pleiochfia twn erwthqentwn xarakthrizei me pososto 45,2% gennaia thn apofash toy K. Shmith na apoxwrhsei apo to komma. Antiqeth apoch exei to 34,1%.

    Allagh politikoy skhnikoy

    Qetika apotima h koinh gnwmh thn anadeijh sthn hgesia toy PASOK toy Giwrgoy Papandreoy.

    Sto erwthma an h anadeijh sthn hgesia toy PASOK toy G. Papandreoy ayjanei h meiwnei tis piqanothtes toy PASOK gia nikh stis epomenes ekloges, se pososto 52,8% oi erwthqentes apantoyn meta bebaiothtas oti oi piqanothtes gia nikh toy PASOK ayjanontai.

    ``Mallon ayjanontai'' apanta to 20% , enw antiqeth apoch exei molis to 8,9% poy ektima oti meiwnontai oi piqanothtes gia nikh toy PASOK stis ekloges.

    Thn idia wra, idiaitero endiaferon paroysiazei kai h apanthsh sto erwthma, poio komma qa kerdisei tis epomenes ekloges .

    Sthn parastash nikhs, to 47,9% twn erwthqentwn, ektima oti qa kerdisei h ND enw to 37,8% pisteyei oti qa kerdisei to PASOK.

    Se sxesh me prohgoymenes ereynes poy pragmatopoihqhkan to Dekembrio kai prin apo tis teleytaies politikes ejelijeis, oson afora thn parastash nikhs kleinei shmantika h calida anamesa sto PASOK kai th Nea Dhmokratia.

    Ti perimenoyn apo ton G. Papandreoy

    Sto erwthma ti anamenei h koinh gnwmh apo ton Giwrgo Papandreoy, ws proedro toy PASOK:

    To 65,4 % ektima oti qa prepei na diamorfwsei proswpika ena entelws neo politiko programma To 16.4 % na synexisei thn politikh toy eksygxronismoy To 8,3% anazhta epistrofh stis paradosiakes politikes qeseis To 9,8% apanta DG/DA

    H dhmoskophsh gia logariasmo ths ERT, egine me thn meqodo twn thlefwnikwn synenteyjewn, panelladika, se deigma 2000 noikokyriwn, andres kai gynaikes hlikias apo 18 etwn kai anw.


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