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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 02-02-28

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Shmiths: O eksygxronismos den anastrefetai
  • [02] Omilia Shmith gia thn isothta twn fylwn
  • [03] Xwris hlektriko sidhrodromo h Attikh
  • [04] Nea poinikh diwjh kata toy S. Kokkalh
  • [05] Kanonika oi pthseis shmera
  • [06] Se ejelijh oi ereynes gia thn anasyrsh toy aytodyth
  • [07] Episkech Magkriwth sto Londino
  • [08] Synanthsh X. Papoytsh-Skandalidh
  • [09] Katoikies me epidothsh gia ajiwmatikoys
  • [10] Papadopoylos gia metarryqmiseis sthn Ygeia
  • [11] Ektata metra asfaleias sthn India
  • [12] Ispania: ejerragh pagideymeno aytokinhto
  • [13] Nea biaia epeisodia sth M.Anatolh
  • [14] Oi HPA zhtoyn deigmata DNA toy mpin Lanten
  • [15] Qriler me laqrometanastes sth Bretania
  • [16] Isxyrh ekrhjh me dyo nekroys sto Amman
  • [17] Aisio telos se aeroporikh peripeteia
  • [18] Apoxairetwntas th draxmh...
  • [19] PAO:se apostash anapnohs ap thn prokrish
  • [20] Argyrhs:Asfalh ta laxanika ths xwras mas
  • [21] OHE:Ghransh toy plhqysmoy ths Ghs
  • [22] Aponomh Brabeiwn Grammy

    [01] Shmiths: O eksygxronismos den anastrefetai

    28/2/2002 9:04:00 pm

    Thn apofastikothta ths kybernhshs na ylopoihsei tis megales diarqrwtikes allages, tis apokratikopoihseis kai tis metarryqmiseis toy asfalistikoy kai toy forologikoy systhmatos tonise o Prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Shmiths, milwntas se ekdhlwsh toy Ellhnoamerikanikoy Epimelhthrioy, enwpion epixeirhmatikoy koinoy. Ta kentra paraejoysias den mporoyn na klonisoyn thn prospaqeia mas, o eksygxronismos ths Elladas den anastrefetai, den empodizetai kai den mataiwnetai, prosqese o k. Shmiths.

    Oi stoxoi ths kybernhshs

    Nwritera xqes to apogeyma kai meta thn synedriash toy EG toy PASOK o prwqypoyrgos dhlwse oti stoxoi ths kybernhtikhs politikhs mexri to 2004 einai h pragmatikh oikonomikh kai koinwnikh sygklish, h apanthsh sta eqnika zhthmata, wste na egkainiastei mia periodos eirhnhs kai eyhmerias, h artia organwsh twn Olympiakwn Agwnwn kai h frontida gia thn ayrianh qesh ths Elladas sthn Eyrwph.

    "Eimai apofasismenos na eimai parwn, na dwsw th maxh, na ferw ton agwna eis peras giati ayto epiballei h antilhch moy gia thn politikh", prosqese o k. Shmiths.

    [02] Omilia Shmith gia thn isothta twn fylwn

    Phgh: APE 28/2/2002 11:43:00 pm

    Me thn omilia toy prwqypoyrgoy Kwsta Shmith jekinhsan oi ergasies toy synedrioy gia thn isothta eykairiwn twn fylwn sto G' KPS. O k. Shmiths afoy ypogrammise oti shmera, perissotero apo kaqe allh epoxh, h gynaika mporei na ephreasei kai na diamorfwsei thn koinwnia sthn opoia qa zhsoyn ta paidia ths, tonise oti h gynaika poy agwnizetai gia thn arsh twn prokatalhcewn kai thn isothta einai fysikh mas symmaxos enantia se kaqe eidoys opisqodromhsh.

    Shmiths:''Oi gynaikes einai to miso ths energeias aytoy toy topoy''

    O k. Shmiths shmeiwse me emfash oti antipalos ths isxyrhs koinwnias shmera einai h politikh ths aneyqynothtas, ths ypokrisias kai ths idioteleias, einai oi qylakes ths synthrhshs kai ths antidrashs, einai ola osa sprwjame sto periqwrio gia na bgaloyme thn Ellada apo to telma kai na dwsoyme mia nea eqnikh aytopepoiqhsh.

    O prwqypoyrgos staqhke idiaitera se 3 zhthmata, ta opoia xarakthrise shmantika:

    1. Thn isorroph symmetoxh andrwn kai gynaikwn sthn epaggelmatikh ierarxia kai thn enisxysh ths gynaikas sto syndikalistiko kinhma kai th meiwsh ths calidas twn amoibwn

    2. Sthn enswmatwsh ths arxhs ths isothtas sto dialogo gia to asfalistiko (legontas malista oti gia prwth fora qa doqei emfash sth qespish ryqmisewn poy qa anagnwrizoyn idiaitera to rolo kai ta barh ths mhteras sthn kateyqynsh ths enisxyshs ths dhmografikhs politikhs kai

    3. Stis gynaikes poy anhkoyn se eidikes koinwnikes omades.

    O k. Shmiths kleinontas thn omilia toy dhlwse oti h koinwnikh politikh gia thn antimetwpish ths ftwxias kai toy koinwnikoy apokleismoy, thn entajh ston oikonomiko isto kai thn antimetwpish twn diakrisewn symballei energa sthn anaptyjh mias koinwnias synoxhs kai allhleggyhs, giati opws eipe "oi gynaikes einai to miso ths energeias, twn ikanothtwn, ths dhmioyrgikothtas, twn stoxwn kai twn dynatothtwn aytoy toy topoy".

    Diamantopoyloy:''H isothta den apotelei deytereyon qema''

    H Ellhnida epitropos armodia gia qemata apasxolhshs kai koinwnikwn ypoqesewn Anna Diamantopoyloy milwntas sto synedrio gia thn isothta eykairiwn twn fylwn sto G KPS dhlwse oti shmera yparxei ena safes mhnyma oti h isothta den apotelei deytereyon qema alla brisketai sthn prwth grammh toy politikoy dialogoy sthn Ellada.

    H k. Diamantopoyloy tonise oti einai aparadekto na yparxoyn shmera diakriseis sth agora ergasias, tonizontas oti sthn Ellada to pososto apasxolhshs twn gynaikwn einai 30% xamhlotero apo to antistoixo twn andrwn, enw stoxos ths EE einai ayjhsh sth xwra mas toylaxiston kata 20% ews to 2010, kai to pososto anergias einai diplasio apo twn andrwn.

    H calida twn amoibwn, deixnei oti oi gynaikes sthn Eyrwph kerdizoyn peripoy to 70% toy hmeromisqioy twn andrwn kai to 1/3 twn gynaikwn ergazontai mono se pente kladoys se synolo 110 tetoiwn kathgoriwn.

    Se o,ti afora thn enswmatwh ths diastashs toy fyloy sthn oikonomia, h k. Diamantopoyloy ektimhse oti h gynaika einai to kleidi gia thn eyhmeria ths Eyrwphs, shmeiwnontas oti h symmetoxh ths sthn ergasia apanta kai stia anagkes gia thn antimetwpish ths ghranshs toy ergatikoy dynamikoy kai to problhma ths koinwnikhs asfalishs.

    H k. Diamantopoyloy eipe, telos, oti ta apotelesmata toy synedrioy qa apotelesoyn th bash gia mia nea politikh anakoinwsh gia to fylo kai ta diarqrwtika tameia, poy qa ypoblhqei apo thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph mesa sto kalokairi.

    [03] Xwris hlektriko sidhrodromo h Attikh

    28/2/2002 9:44:00 pm

    Xwris hlektriko sidhrodromo qa meinei to Lekanopedio apo tis 11.00 to prwi ews th 1.00 meta to meshmeri. Oi ergazomenoi ston HSAP pragmatopoioyn thn wra ayth stash ergasias, se endeijh symparastashs stoys ergazomenoys ths naytikoepiskeyastikhs zwnhs.

    [04] Nea poinikh diwjh kata toy S. Kokkalh

    28/2/2002 9:19:00 pm

    Poinikh diwjh se baqmo kakoyrghmatos, gia thn kathgoria ths apaths se baros toy ependytikoy koinoy, askhse o eisaggeleas Dhmhtrhs Asprogerakas se baros toy epixeirhmatia Swkrath Kokkalh. H diwjh askhqhke meta to peras ereynas poy dienhrghse to SDOE, me aformh anakoinwseis ths epitrophs kefalaiagoras oti xrhmata proerxomena apo ayjhseis metoxikoy kefalaioy eishgmenwn etairiwn toy k. Kokkalh, xrhsimopoihqhkan gia alloys skopoys kai oxi gia aytoys poy problepotan kata thn eisagwgh twn etairiwn. Symfwna me plhrofories o k. Kokkalhs yposthrije kata th dienergeia ths ereynas, oti eixe nomimo dikaiwma na ylopoiei stoxoys poy eixe orisei mexri to 2004.

    [05] Kanonika oi pthseis shmera

    28/2/2002 8:58:00 pm

    Xwris problhmata qa pragmatopoihqoyn shmera oi pthseis olwn twn aeroporikwn etairiwn, kaqws oi elegktes enaerias kykloforias apofasisan na mhn pragmatopoihsoyn telika thn tetrawrh stash ergasias, apo tis 12 to meshmeri, ews tis 4 to apogeyma, poy eixan ejaggeilei, diekdikwntas thn ikanopoihsh oikonomikwn kai qesmikwn aithmatwn toy kladoy.

    [06] Se ejelijh oi ereynes gia thn anasyrsh toy aytodyth

    28/2/2002 11:43:00 pm

    Synexizontai kai shmera sth qalassia perioxh Lampiri Axaias oi prospaqeies gia thn anasyrsh toy ptwmatos toy 26xronoy aytodyth Qanash Nikolaropoyloy, o opoios eixe ejafanistei apo thn Kyriakh otan epixeirhse katadysh se baqos 80 peripoy metrwn. To ptwma entopisthke xqes apo thlexeirizomeno ypobryxio oxhma me kameres, alla den katesth dynaton na anasyrqei logw twn isxyrwn qalassiwn reymatwn. Sthn epixeirhsh anasyrshs toy ptwmatos pairnoyn meros andres ths Monadas Ypobryxiwn Apostolwn toy Limenikoy Swmatos.

    [07] Episkech Magkriwth sto Londino

    28/2/2002 10:03:00 pm

    Dihmerh episkech sto Londino pragmatopoiei apo shmera o Yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Giannhs Magkriwths. Kata thn prwth hmera ths episkechs toy, o k. Yfypoyrgos qa synanthqei me ton Arxiepiskopo Qyateirwn kai M. Bretanias k. Grhgorio, me toys proedroys twn omogeneiakwn forewn, enw qa einai omilhths se ekdhlwsh poy qa pragmatopoihqei sto Ellhniko Kentro Londinoy, me qema "Olympismos kai Neanikos Eqelontismos.

    O k. Magkriwths qa synanthqei epishs me thn Bretanikh Epitroph gia thn epistrofh twn Marmarwn toy Parqenwna kai me thn Ellhnikh Epitroph Naytiliakhs Synergasias.

    Telos, o k. Yfypoyrgos qa episkefqei ta ellhnika sxoleia Londinoy kai qa synanthqei me thn Enwsh Ellhnwn Foithtwn Londinoy, me ton Antiproedro toy Symboylioy Apodhmoy Ellhnismoy k. Sofokleidh kaqws kai me to Ektelestiko Symboylio ths Eqnikhs Kypriakhs Omospondias.

    [08] Synanthsh X. Papoytsh-Skandalidh

    28/2/2002 10:01:00 pm

    Me ton Ypoyrgo Eswterikwn, Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai Apokentrwshs, k.Kwsta Skandalidh, qa synanthqei shmera stis 12 o ypochfios dhmarxos Aqhnwn k.Xrhstos Papoytshs.

    [09] Katoikies me epidothsh gia ajiwmatikoys

    Phgh: NET 105,8 fm 28/2/2002 9:59:00 pm

    Fthna spitia me epidothsh gia toys ajiwmatikoys poy yphretoyn, synolika dekapente xronia se parameqories perioxes , ejhggeile xqes apo ton Ebro o ypoyrgos Amynas, k. Giannos Papantwnioy milwntas se stelexh toy D' Swmatos Stratoy. Symfwna me plhrofories ths NET 105,8, h epidothsh qa kymainetai sto 40 tois ekato ths synolikhs ajias ths katoikias mexri 50.t.m .

    [10] Papadopoylos gia metarryqmiseis sthn Ygeia

    28/2/2002 9:26:00 pm

    Me ta pleon melana xrwmata periegrace o ypoyrgos Ygeias Alekos Papadopoylos thn katastash poy epikratei ston tomea ths Dhmosias Ygeias milwntas se synedrio gia metarryqmiseis sto xwro. O ypoyrgos Ygeias ekane logo gia enan katakermatismeno kai plhrws apajiwmeno tomea, opoy to oysiastiko periexomeno ths Dhmosias Ygeias ejanemizetai mesa sth megalh grafeiokratia kai thn aplh kai typikh diatypwsh eggrafwn.

    "Oson afora to anqrwpino dynamiko poy kaleitai shmera na apanthsei ikanopoihtika stis anagkes kai ta problhmata ths Dhmosias Ygeias, h katastash einai problhmatikh", eipe xarakthristika.

    O k. Papadopoylos anakoinwse, epishs, oti gia th metarryqmish stis yphresies Dhmosias Ygeias to sxetiko nomosxedio brisketai se telikh epejergasia kai qa perasei syntoma apo thn kybernhtikh epitroph, amesws meta th syzhthsh me ta synarmodia ypoyrgeia kai toys foreis.

    [11] Ektata metra asfaleias sthn India

    Phgh: APE 28/2/2002 11:28:00 pm

    Apagoreysh ths kykloforias stis poleis Axmentampant, Mparonta kai Ximatnagkar ths dytikhs Indias epebalan to prwi oi indikes arxes meta thn poreia diamartyrias ejagriwmenoy plhqoys Indoyistwn gia ton xqesino emprhsmo apo fanatikoys moysoylmanoys amajostoixias poy metefere indoyistes me apotelesma na broyn tragiko qanato 58 anqrwpoi.

    Synexizontai ta epeisodia metajy Indoyistwn kai moysoylmanwn

    Nwritera, h astynomia erije ston aera proeidopoihtikes boles gia na dialysei ekatontades Indoyistes poy etrexan stoys dromoys eisballontas, lehlatwntas kai bazontas fwtia se magazia moysoylmanwn. Dyo katasthmata moysoylmanwn katastrafhkan olosxerws apo fwtia, anakoinwse h astynomia.

    Oi moysoylmanoi eixan klhqei apo tis arxes na parameinoyn sta spitia toys ejaitias ths tetamenhs katastashs . "Jexwrizoyn ta akinhta poy anhkoyn se moysoylmanoys", dhlwse astynomikos ajiwmatoyxos.

    Se allo epeisodio ena tzami katastrafhke apo fwtia se polh 25 xiliometra, ejw apo thn polh Gkontxra, opoy shmeiwqhke xqes h epiqesh kai pyrpolhsh toy trenoy. H astynomia toy kratidioy Gkoytzarat synelabe 80 atoma kai se 51 aphggeile kathgories meta th xqesinh epiqesh. Opws dhlwse astynomikos ajiwmatoyxos h katastash einai ypo elegxo kai h astynomia exei enisxysei ta metra asfaleias sthn perioxh.

    H entash poy epikratei thn perioxh ypoxrewse ton indo prwqypoyrgo na anabalei to tajidi toy sthn Aystralia opoy qa meteixe sth synanthsh koryfhs ths Koinopoliteias.

    [12] Ispania: ejerragh pagideymeno aytokinhto

    Phgh: APE 28/2/2002 11:18:00 pm

    Pagideymeno aytokinhto ejerragh shmera sto proastio Portoygkalete toy Mpilmpao traymatizontas th dhmotikh symboylo toy Sosialistikoy Kommatos Ester Kampezoynto kai ton swmatofylaka ths, egine gnwsto apo astynomikh phgh. Oi dyo traymaties metaferqhkan sto nosokomeio. Den yparxoyn plhrofories gia th sobarothta twn traymatwn toys. Oi dhmotikoi symboyloi toy Sosialistikoy kai toy Synthrhtikoy Kommatos ginontai syxna stoxoi epiqesewn ths aytonomistikhs organwshs twn Baskwn ETA.

    [13] Nea biaia epeisodia sth M.Anatolh

    28/2/2002 9:51:00 pm

    Toylaxiston pente Palaistinioi astynomikoi (eji symfwna me to praktoreio Roiter) skotwqhkan shmera ta jhmerwmata se antallagh pyrobolismwn me monades toy israhlinoy stratoy poy eixan dieisdysei sthn aytonomh palaistiniakh polh Tzenin, sth boreia Dytikh Oxqh. Nwritera enas israhlinos stratiwths skotwqhke sth diarkeia antallaghs pyrobolismwn ston prosfygiko kataylismo Mpalata, enw thn idia wra enas palaistinios epefte nekros apo israhlina pyra konta sthn Namploys,sth Dytikh Oxqh. Oi sygkroyseis jekinhsan meta thn epiqesh aytoktonias poy pragmatopoihse xqes to brady mia Palaistinia se fylakio ths israhlinhs astynomias, me apotelesma na skotwqei h idia kai na traymatistoyn treis Israhlinoi astynomikoi.

    [14] Oi HPA zhtoyn deigmata DNA toy mpin Lanten

    28/2/2002 9:36:00 pm

    Oi Hnwmenes Politeies zhthsan na laboyn deigmata DNA twn syggenwn toy Osama mpin Lanten prokeimenoy na kaqorisoyn an o hgeths ths organwshs Al Kainta einai metajy twn triwn anqrwpwn poy skotwqhkan apo pyraylo ths CIA sto anatoliko Afganistan, aneferan thn Tetarth stratiwtikoi ajiwmatoyxoi. Stis 4 Febroyarioy h CIA eixe ektojeysei enan pyraylo konta sto Zaoyar Kili toy anatolikoy Afganistan me stoxo ena atomo gia to opoio yphrxan ypocies oti htan enas apo toys hgetes ths organwshs Al Kainta. Apo thn epiqesh ayth exasan th zwh toys treis andres.

    [15] Qriler me laqrometanastes sth Bretania

    Phgh: APE 28/2/2002 9:34:00 pm

    Laqrometanastes poy epebainan se ploio apeilhsan na petajoyn ta paidia toys sth qalassa an oi bretanikes arxes den toys epetrepan na mpoyn sth xwra, anakoinwse shmera to ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn ths Bretanias. Treis andres, pente gynaikes kai pente paidia, piqanotata roymanikhs katagwghs, tajideyan apo th Gallia sth Bretania exontas sthn katoxh toys plasta italika diabathria. Mia gynaika malista kremase ena apo ta paidia, hlikias peripoy 6 etwn, ejw apo to skafos apeilwntas na to petajei sth qalassa an h idia kai oi syntrofoi ths den epairnan thn adeia na proseggisoyn tis bretanikes aktes. Katopin aytoy toys epetraph na ejelqoyn apo to ploio anamenontas na ejetastei to aithma toys peri xorhghshs asyloy.

    [16] Isxyrh ekrhjh me dyo nekroys sto Amman

    Phgh: APE 28/2/2002 9:30:00 pm

    Isxyrh ekrhjh sygklonise shmera to prwi to kentro toy Amman me apotelesma na skotwqoyn dyo atoma, aneferan aytoptes martyres. H ekrhjh shmeiwqhke stis 07.40 wra Ellados kai amesws meta kateyqynqhkan sthn perioxh peripolika, asqenofora kai oxhmata ths pyrosbestikhs yphresias. Ta aitia ths ekrhjhs den exoyn ginei akomh gnwsta.

    [17] Aisio telos se aeroporikh peripeteia

    28/2/2002 12:26:00 pm

    Fwtia ekdhlwqhke ston ena kinhthra epibathgoy aeroskafoys ths etairias "Ryanair" kaqws prosgeiwnotan sto aerodromio Stanstent, boreiws toy Londinoy, me synepeia na xreiasqei h epeigoysa apomakrynsh twn 117 epibatwn kai twn eji melwn toy plhrwmatos. O pilotos toy Mpoingk 737 antilhfqhke th fwtia kaqws to aeroskafos prosgeiwnotan sto Stanstent, proerxomeno apo to Doyblino. H fwtia pantws katasbesthke grhgora apo toys pyrosbestes toy aerodromioy.

    Opws anakoinwse ekproswpos ths astynomias monon dyo anqrwpoi ypesthsan elafra traymata.

    "To aeroskafos ekane mian apolytws fysiologikh prosgeiwsh otan o pilotos diapistwse oti mia mhxanh eixe piasei fwtia. H pyrosbestikh yphresia toy aerodromioy eidopoihqhke kai egine ekkenwsh toy aeroskafoys gia toys 117 epibates",dhlwse ekproswpos toy aerodromioy.

    H etairia sthn opoia anhkei to aeroskafos exei thn edra ths sto Doyblino kai prosferei fqhna eisithria.

    [18] Apoxairetwntas th draxmh...

    28/2/2002 12:59:00 pm

    Shmera 28 Febroyarioy h Ellada apoxaireta oristika th draxmh, to arxaiotero eyrwpaiko nomisma, hlikias 2600 etwn. Apo thn Paraskeyh to eqniko mas nomisma qa qewreitai pleon syllektiko kai mono to eyrw qa ginetai dekto stis synallages. Me thn eykairia ths lhjhs ths dimhnhs diplhs kykloforias twn dyo nomismatwn, to ypoyrgeio Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn kai h Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs diorganwnoyn ekdhlwsh sto Zappeio sth diarkeia ths opoias qa brabeytoyn oi maqhtes poy diakriqhkan se diagwnismo ekqeshs me qema to eyrw.

    Ta brabeia qa aponeimoyn, h Epitropos Anna Diamantopoyloy, o yfypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Flwridhs kai o yfypoyrgos Eqnikhs Paideias kai Qrhskeymatwn Nikos Gkeloyshs.

    Apo thn Paraskeyh, 1h Martioy 2002 osoi diaqetoyn draxmes se xartonomismata h kermata qa mporoyn na ta antallajoyn me eyrw mono se sygkekrimena shmeia kai eidikotera:

    Ta xartonomismata draxmwn sthn Trapeza ths Ellados gia 10 eth (ews thn 1h Martioy 2012) kai Ta kermata draxmwn sthn Trapeza ths Ellados kai stis dhmosies oikonomikes yphresies (DOY) gia dyo eth (ews thn 1h Martioy 2004).

    Me thn eykairia toy apoxairetismoy ths draxmhs as mhn jexname thn istoria ths draxmhs poy katagrafetai, me poly syntomo tropo, ws ejhs:

    H arxaia draxmh

    H Draxmh, h opoia ws nomisma antikatesthse arxika sthn Arxaia Aqhna ena palaiotero, toys oboloys, kaqierwqhke ws nomisma sthn arxaia Ellada apo ton Feidwna, ton 7o aiwna p.X..

    O Feidwn anebhke sto nao ths Hras kai kateqese "desmh obolwn" qelontas etsi na prosdwsei emfash sthn antikatastash toy oboloy apo th draxmh. Kaqorisqhke malista kai "isotimia" h opoia htan mia draxmh = eji oboloi.

    H lejh draxmh proerxetai apo to "drattw" poy shmainei "mporw na prajw" h osa mporei na perilabei to xeri-h palamh.

    To 550-540 p.X. arxizei kai h "mazikh paragwgh" ths draxmhs sto Nomismatokopeio twn Aqhnwn. Sthn pleionothta toys einai argyra didraxma enw argotera emfanizontai kai tetradraxma.

    Argotera (510-500 p.X.) oi proanaferomenoi typoi ths draxmhs egkataleipontai kai sto proskhnio emfanizontai ta tetradraxma me thn kefalh ths Aqhnas stis prosqies oceis kai th Glayka stis opisqies.

    To 454 p.X. to tameio ths A' Aqhnaikhs Symmaxias metaferetai apo th Dhlo sthn Aqhna kai qa arxisei nea mazikh paragwgh kyriws tetradraxmwn. Argotera, meta th sikelikh ekstrateia (413 p.X.) kataskeyazontai draxmes kai tetradraxma apo xalko kai ependysh argyroy.

    Wstoso, h draxmh eixe hdh proslabei xarakthra genikhs anagnwrishs kai ekdoqhkan kopes (apomimhseis) poy yioqetoysan th Glyka kai thn kefalh ths Aqhnas, toso sth Mikra Asia oso kai sthn Aigypto, thn Palaistinh akoma kai sthn Arabia.

    H draxmh kai ta tetradraxma xrhsimopoihqhkan kai apo ton Mega Alejandro, o opoios meta to 336 p.X. o nearos hgemonas ejedwse tetradraxma ta opoia argotera mazi me toys xrysoys stathres xrhsimeyse sthn xrhmatodothsh twn makrinwn ekstrateiwn toy kai sthn plhrwmh misqoforwn alla kai sthn katabolh "proikas" stoys neogamoys to 330 p.x. Ta tetradraxma xrhsimopoioyntai ews ton Indo potamo.

    Peri to 185-180 p.X. oi parastaseis eksygxronizontai, o sxediasmoi ginontai leptoteroi kai kaqierwnetai h xarajh twn onomatwn twn ypeyqynwn ths nomismatokopias.

    Meta thn katakthsh toy elladikoy xwroy apo toys Rwmaioys oi draxmes aposyrontai stadiaka ala gia polla xronia xrhsimopoioyntai ws "isxyro meso synallagwn".

    H ''neoterh draxmh''

    Apo thn arxaiothta, h draxmh epanemfanizetai sth neoterh Ellada meta ton Kapodistria, o opoios "sthnei" sthn aylh toy Kyberneioy sthn Aigina to prwto nomismatokopeio meta thn apeleyqerwsh ths Elladas.

    Me ton erxomo toy Oqwna, o Foinikas antikatastaqhke apo th draxmh, h opoia efere thn kefalh toy Oqwna kai zygize 4,5 grammaria. To 1841 h Eqnikh Trapeza ths Elladas anelabe thn ekdosh ths.

    H draxmh toy Oqwna antikaqistatai to 1868 apo th draxmh toy Gewrgioy toy A' kai lambanontas ws bash to xryso fragko ekoce xrysa nomismata twn pente, twn 10, twn 20, twn 50 kai twn 100 xryswn draxmwn.

    Argotera, meta ton A' Pagkosmio Polemo h isotimia ths draxmhs kaqorisqhke enanti ths liras stis 375 drx. (mia lira =375 draxmes) alla syntoma logw diolisqhshs toy eqnikoy nomismatos efqase tis 550 draxmes.

    Stis arxes toy B' Pagkosmioy Polemoy h mia xrysh lira antistoixoyse se 2.500 draxmes kai sta telh toy polemoy ta 71 trisekatommyria draxmes. Stis 9/11/1944 o tote prwqypoyrgos Giwrgos Papandreoy ejedwse "neo ygies xartonomisma" me isotimia: Mia lira= 600 draxmes.

    To 1954 "kobontai" tria mhdenika apo thn "ajia" ths draxmhs enanti ths xryshs liras, to xiliariko "metatrepetai" se draxmh kai h antistoixia liras pros to eqniko nomisma ginetai 1/300, dhladh mia lira=300 draxmes.

    To 1998 h draxmh eisagetai sto Mhxanismo Synallagmatikwn Isotimiwn (MSI 1) me periqwria diakymanshs (+/-15%). Stis 31/12/1998 h draxmh entassetai kai sto synallagmatiko mhxanismo MSI 2 me isotimia 352 draxmes kai stis 5 Ioynioy 2002 to Symboylio Ypoyrgwn Oikonomias ths EE (ECOFIN) egkrinei thn eisodo ths xwras sthn "eyrw-zwnh" apo thn 1/1/2002 kai kaqorizei thn isotimia ths stis 340,750 drx. (ena eyrw +340,750 drx.).

    Prokeitai oysiastika gia thn prwth anatimhsh ths draxmhs.

    H istoria fysika ths draxmhs den oloklhrwnetai edw para mono se o,ti afora th xrhsh ths ws nomisma gia synallages kai h istoria twn 2.700 etwn synexizetai gia toys syllektes ths draxmhs poy einai polloi.

    [19] PAO:se apostash anapnohs ap thn prokrish

    28/2/2002 9:38:00 pm

    "Agkalia" me thn prokrish stoys prohmitelikoys toy Tsampions Ligk brisketai o Panaqhnaikos. Oi "prasinoi" epikrathsan eykola 2-1 ths Sparta Pragas sto ghpedo ths Lewforoy Alejandras kai se syndyasmo me thn htta ths Porto apo th Real Madriths (2-1), briskontai poly konta sthn katalhch ths deyterhs pronomioyxoy qeshs ston 3o omilo ths diorganwshs. O Mixalhs Kwnstantinoy htan o skorer kai twn dyo termatwn (14', 47') poy dhmioyrghse o Gian Mikaelsen, enw to teliko 2-1 diamorfwse o Klain sto 90'. Meta th symplhrwsh ths 4hs hmeras ston 3o omilo ths diorganwshs, h Real me 12 baqmoys exei hdh prokriqei, o Panaqhnaikos exei 7, enw akoloyqoyn h Sparta Pragas me 3 kai h Porto me 1.

    [20] Argyrhs:Asfalh ta laxanika ths xwras mas

    28/2/2002 9:34:00 pm

    Ta laxanika poy paragontai sth xwra mas diaqetoyn oles tis proypoqeseis asfaleias kai poiothtas poy diasfalizoyn thn ygeia twn katanalwtwn kai thn antagwnistikothta toys stis dieqneis agores. Ayto dhlwse o yfypoyrgos Gewrgias Eyaggelos Argyrhs, me aformh dhmosieymata poy anaferontai se anakoinwsh aystriakhs oikologikhs organwshs "gia ellhnika fytika proionta ta opoia ferontai na periexoyn blaptikes oysies apo fytofarmaka. O k. Argyrhs anaferqhke kai stoys synexeis elegxoys poy ginontai (to 2000 elexqhsan 2.500 deigmata, enw to 2001 3000 deigmata) kai shmeiwse oti gia to 2002 exoyn programmatistei na ginoyn perissoteroi elegxoi sta proionta kai sta fytofarmaka gia th synqesh twn stoixeiwn toys.

    [21] OHE:Ghransh toy plhqysmoy ths Ghs

    Phgh: APE 28/2/2002 10:14:00 pm

    O plhqysmos ths Ghs gernaei toso grhgora poy oi hlikiwmenoi qa jeperasoyn se ariqmo ta paidia gia prwth fora sthn istoria mexri to 2050, yposthrizei se ekqesh toy o Organismos Hnwmenwn Eqnwn. To 2050 oi anqrwpoi hlikias anw twn 60 etwn qa ftanoyn sxedon ta 2 disekatommyria jepernwntas ton ariqmo oswn qa einai katw twn 15 xronwn. H ekqesh ayth syntaxqhke me thn eykairia ths deyterhs Pagkosmias Synodoy gia to Ghras poy qa ginei sth Madrith ton Aprilio.

    H prwth synodos eixe ginei sth Bienh to 1982. Ta atoma triths hlikias, h plhqysmiakh omada poy ayjanetai grhgorotera apo oles tis ypoloipes, ftanoyn shmera ta 629 ekatommyria, dhladh enas stoys deka anqrwpoys qewreitai hlikiwmenos. Oi anw twn 80 etwn apoteloyn shmera to 12% toy plhqysmoy toy planhth.

    Ektimatai oti to 1050 to 19% twn anqrwpwn qa einai hlikias anw twn 80 etwn. O ariqmos twn aiwnobiwn anamenetai epishs na ayjhqei kata 15 fores, apo 210.000 shmera sta 3,2 ekatommyria mesa sta epomena 48 xronia.

    Symfwna me thn ekqesh oi gynaikes ths triths hlikias einai poly perissoteres apo toys andres afoy se kaqe 100 hlikiwmenes gynaikes antistoixoyn 81 andres.

    [22] Aponomh Brabeiwn Grammy

    Phgh: APE 28/2/2002 10:50:00 pm

    Katw apo drakonteia metra asfaleias egine xqes sto Stapls Senter toy Los Antzeles h aponomh twn brabeiwn Grammy poy apotelei thn megalyterh giorth ths moysikhs biomhxanias. To brabeio kalyteroy tragoydioy ths xronias aponemhqhke sth tragoydistria Alisia Kis gia thn mpalanta "Fallin". H Kis apespase alla tessera brabeia, ayta toy kalyteroy prwtoemfanizomenoy kallitexnh, ths kalyterhs riqm ent mployz gynaikeias ermhneias, toy kalyteroy riqm ent mployz tragoydioy kai toy kalyteroy riqm ent mployz almpoym gia to "Songs In A Minor". To Gkrami kalyteroy tragoydioy afora th synqesh, poy sthn periptwsh toy "Fallin" htan ths Kis.

    Stoys U2 to Grammy kalyteroy diskoy

    To sygkrothma U2 kerdise to Gkrami kalyteroy diskoy ths xronias gia to "Walk On", mia mpalanta afierwmenh sthn antifronoynta politiko toy Mianmar, Aoyngk San Soyoy Ki, enw to saoyntrak ths tainias twn adelfwn Koen, "W Adelfe Poy Eisai" kerdise to brabeio Grammy gia to kalytero almpoym ths xronias. Oi U2, poy htan ypochfioi gia oktw brabeia apespasan telikws tessera.

    Tria brabeia Grammy, ta prwta ths karieras toy, apespase o paragwgos T-Mpooyn Mparnet. O Mparnet kerdise ton titlo toy "paragwgoy ths xronias" gia to "O Brother", to saoyntrak ths tainias "W Adelfe Poy Eisai", enw to "Down From the Mountain" kerdise to Gkrami kalyteroy paradosiakoy folk almpoym.

    Sta 75 xronia toy brabeythke gia prwth fora kai o Ralf Stanlei gia thn ermhneia toy sto tragoydi kantri "O Death" poy perilambanetai sto saoyntrak "O Brother". "Pisteya oti eimai mono enas paliokairinos paradosiakos tragoydisths ths kantri" eipe lakwnika o Stanlei, prosqetontas oti ton tima poy kerdise ton Tzoni Kas sthn idia kathgoria.

    Dyo Grammy gia to mioyzikal "Oi Paragwgoi" kerdise o beteranos skhnoqeths Mel Mproyks.

    O Leni Krabits kerdise to tetarto synexomeno Grammy toy sthn kathgoria ths kalyterhs andrikhs rok ermhneias, opoy diagwnizontan epishs o Mpomp Ntilan kai o Erik Klapton. O Ntilan pantws phre ena brabeio folk moysikhs enw o Klapton kerdise sthn kathgoria ths organikhs pop.

    Ta Brabeia analytika

    Diskos ths xronias: "Walk On" twn U2 Almpoym ths xronias: "O Brother, Where Art Thou?"

    Kalytero tragoydi: "Fallin" ths Alisia Kis

    Kalyteros prwtoemfanizomenos kallitexnhs: Alisia Kis

    Kalyterh gynaikeia pop ermhneia: Neli Foyrtanto gia to "I'm Like a Bird"

    Kalyterh andrikh pop ermhneia: Tzeims Teilor gia to "Don't Let Me Be Lonely Tonight"

    Kalyterh pop ermhneia apo sygkrothma h ntoyeto: U2 gia to "Stuck in a Moment You Can't Get Out Of"

    Kalyterh orxhstrikh pop: "Reptile" toy Erik Klapton

    Kalyterh gynaikeia rok ermhneia: Loysinta Oyiliams gia to "Get Right With God"

    Kalyterh andrikh rok ermhneia: Leni Krabits gia to "Dig In"

    Kalyterh rok ermhnei apo sygkrothma: U2 gia to "Elevation"

    Kalyterh xarnt rok ermhneia: Linkin Park gia to "Crawling"

    Kalytero rok tragoydi: "Drops of Jupiter" twn Tsarli Kolin, Romp Xotskis, Pat Monaxan, Tzimi Stafornt kai Skot Antergoynt

    Kalytero rok almpoym: "All That You Can't Leave Behind" twn U2

    Kalyterh gynaikeia riqm ent mployz ermhneia: Alisia Kis gia to "Fallin'"

    Kalyterh riqm ent mployz ermhneia apo sygkrothma: Ntestinis Tsailnt gia to "Survivor"

    Kalytero riqm ent mployz tragoydi: Alisia Kis gia to "Fallin'"

    Kalytero riqm ent mployz almpoym: "Songs in A Minor" ths Alisia Kis

    Kalyterh rap ermhneia: Misi "Misntiminor" Eliot gia to "Get Ur Freak On"

    Kalytero rap almpoym: "Stankonia" twn Outkast

    Kalyterh gynaikeia kantri ermhneia: Ntoli Parton gia to "Shine"

    Kalyterh andrikh kantri ermhneia: Ralf Stanlei gia to "O Death"

    Kalytero almpoym apo mioyzikal: Xioy Forntin (paragwgos) kai Mel Mproyks (synqeths kai stixoyrgos) gia to "The Producers"

    Kalytero saoyntrak tainias h thleoptikhs seiras: "O Brother, Where Are You?" diaforwn kallitexnwn, paragwgos T-Mpooyn Mparnet Paragwgos ths xronias (mh klasikhs moysikhs): T-Mpooyn Mparnet


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