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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 01-12-01

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy AIDS
  • [02] Den anteje h texnhth kardia toy Toyls
  • [03] Maria Kallas. H ellhnida ''Ntiba''

    [01] Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy AIDS

    Tzenh Xaralampidoy 1/12/2001 12:32:00 pm

    "Egw noiazomai. Esy;", einai to synqhma ths fetinhs Pagkosmias Hmeras kata toy AIDS. H prospaqeia gia ton periorismo ths ejaplwshs toy ioy apotelei shmera prwtarxikh frontida gia olh thn anqrwpothta. Symfwna me ta stoixeia toy Pagkosmioy Organismoy Ygeias sto telos toy 2000, 36,1 ekatommyria anqrwpoi zoysan me to AIDS kai 21,8 ekatommyria eixan hdh peqanei apo th noso. Sxedon enas stoys tesseris anqrwpoys poy exoyn prosblhqei apo ton HIV einai hlikias katw twn 25 etwn. Perissotera sto eidiko afierwma poy etoimase h ERT online.

    Ekdhlwseis se Aqhna-Qessalonikh

    Se Qessalonikh kai AQhna, kaqws kai se alles poleis kai dhmoys pragmatopoihqhkan xqes kai shmera ekdhlwseis sto plaisio ths kampanias enhmerwshs kai eyaisqhtopoihshs toy koinoy poy organwse to Ellhniko Kentro Elegxoy Loimwjewn.

    Idiaiterh symbolh sta xapenigks kai tis ekdhlwseis eixan melh-giatroi kai eqelontes toy ellhnikoy tmhmatos Giatroi Xwris Synora, kallitexnes, politikoi, anqrwpoi twn texnwn kai twn grammatwn.

    Symfwna me thn ekqesh ths UNICEF

    Tylaxiston mia stis treis gynaikes pagkosmiws kata th diarkeia ths zwhs ths qa xtyphqei, qa kakopoihqei sejoyalikws h me allon tropo. Meros ths apanthshs brisketai sto na bgoyn oi andres apo to peplo ths siwphs kai ths karterias.

    Oi andres-eidika aytoi poy hgoyntai kratwn, qrhskeytikwn organwsewn, koinothtwn kai epixeirhsewn- xreiazetai na milhsoyn anoixta san filoi, goneis, synergates kai polites. Xreiazetai me to paradeigma toys na kaqodhgoyn.

    Me to na epikentrwnetai stoys andres, h Pagkosmia Ekstrateia kata toy AIDS prokalei toys hgetes kai ta protypa-apo toys politikoys mexri toys diashmoys aqlhtes kai kallitexnes- na bebaiwsoyn kai na diadhlwsoyn th desmeysh toys na katapolemhsoyn to AIDS. Toys prosferei mia platforma gia na to kanoyn ayto kai parexei dynatothtes yposthrijhs ths prolhchs kai twn programmatwn se olo ton kosmo.

    Pagkosmiws, oi perissoteroi apo toys anqrwpoys poy zoyn me ton io toy AIDS einai andres (53%). Stis perissoteres perioxes toy kosmoy, ta 2/3 (h kai parapanw) apo toys anqrwpoys poy zoyn me ton io toy AIDS einai andres:

    -Aystralia, Nea Zhlandia kai Anatolikos Eirhnikos:92%

    -Notia kai Notioanatolikh Asia: 65%

    -Anatolikh Asia kai Dytikos Eirhnikos: 87%

    -Latinikh Amerikh: 75%

    -Boreia Amerikh: 80%

    -Dytikh Eyrwph: 75%

    -Karaibikh: 60%

    -Boreia Affrikh kai Mesh Anatolh: 80%

    -Anatolikh Eyrwph kai Kentrikh Asia: 77%

    -Yposaxareia Afrikh: 45%

    Symfwna me to Kentro Plhroforiwn toy OHE

    Se olo ton kosmo, oi gynaikes briskontai se idiaitera ricokindynh qesh oson afora th molynsh apo ton io toy AIDS, epeidh den exoyn th dynamh na kaqorizoyn ton xrono, ton topo kai ton tropo poy lambanei xwra h sejoyalikh prajh. Omws oi idies prosdokies, oi politistikes pepoiqhseis kai ta koinwnika eqima twn andrwn poy toso apodynamwnoyn tis gynaikes, ayjanoyn epishs thn trwtothta twn idiwn twn andrwn. Oi molynseis apo ton io toy HIV kai oi qanatoi apo to AIDS metajy andrwn einai perissoteres apo aytes twn gynaikwn se oles tis hpeiroys ektos apo thn yposaxareia Afrikh. Ereynes deixnoyn oti oi anqrwpoi genika diathroyn ta protypa symperiforas poy exoyn didaxqei se poly nearh hlikia. Einai loipon eykolotero na epiteyxqei o stoxos ths xrhshs profylaktikoy kata 100% an oi neoi andres yioqethsoyn ayth thn symperifora apo th stigmh poy ginontai sejoyalika energoi.

    An toys doqoyn oi aparaithtes plhrofories kai ikanothtes na antepejelqoyn sth zwh, ta agoria kai oi neoi andres qa einai ikanoi na kanoyn ypeyqynes kai ygieis epiloges, poy qa perilambanoyn apoxh kai kaqysterhmenh sejoyalikh drasthriothta, kaqws kai asfalestero sej. Oi andres prepei na anamixqoyn perissotero ston agwna kata toy AIDS.

    Panw apo to 70% twn molynsewn apo ton io toy AIDS pagkosmiws prokaloyntai mesw ths sejoyalikhs epafhs metajy andrwn kai gynaikwn, kai ena 10% mesw ths sejoyalikhs prajhs metajy andrwn. Peripoy to 5% twn molynsewn apantatai metajy anqrwpwn poy pairnoyn narkwtika me enesh, apo toys opoioys ta 4/5 einai andres.

    Se olo ton kosmo, oi andres exoyn thn tash na exoyn perissoteroys sejoyalikoys syntrofoys (perilambanomenwn kai ejwsyzygikwn) apo oti oi gynaikes, ayjanontas etsi ton kindyno molynshs apo ton io toy AIDS, toso gi' aytoys oso kai gia toys kyrioys syntrofoys toys. H mystikothta, to stigma kai h ntroph poy sxetizontai me ton io toy AIDS, periplekoyn ta pragmata akoma perissotero, afoy apoqarrynoyn andres kai gynaikes apo to anakalyptoyn h akoma kai na paradexontai oti einai foreis toy ioy toy AIDS. Orismenes katastaseis qetoyn toys andres se idiaitera ychlo kindyno prosbolhs toys apo ton io toy HIV.

    Oi andres poy metanasteyoyn gia doyleia kai apomakrynontai apo thn oikogeneia toys mporei na plhrwsoyn gia mia sejoyalikh epafh kai na xrhsimopoihsoyn oysies, opws to alkool, gia na antejoyn to agxos kai th monajia. Aytos o syndyasmos ayjanei ton kindyno molynshs. To idio symbainei kai me thn koyltoyra toy ricokindynoy poy synhqws xarakthrizei kyriws androkratoymena periballonta, opws o stratos. Se idrymata poy yparxoyn mono andres, opws oi fylakes, oi andres poy genika protimoyn tis gynaikes mporei na exoyn eleyqerh sejoyalikh epafh me alloys andres.

    Se enan kosmo toy AIDS, ayto mporei na einai qanathforo. H andrikh bia einai enas shmantikos paragontas sthn ejaplwsh toy ioy toy AIDS mesw ths metakinhshs twn koinothtwn logw polemwn kai emfyliwn sygkroysewn, kaqws kai mesw ejanagkastikhs sejoyalikhs epafhs. Kaqe xrono ekatommyria andres diaprattoyn sejoyalikh bia kata gynaikwn, koritsiwn h allwn arsenikwn -syxna mesa sthn idia toys thn oikogeneia h to spiti toys.

    Anhsyxhtika ta stoixeia symfwna me ereyna ths METRON ANALYSIS

    Periorismenh paramenei h xrhsh profylaktikoy sth xwra mas, ekqetontas ena shmantiko kommati toy plhqysmoy ston kindyno molynshs apo ton io toy AIDS, symfwna me stoixeia ths ereynas poy pragmatopoihse h etairia METRON ANALYSIS gia to Institoyto Koinwnikhs kai Prolhptikhs Iatrikhs.

    H ereyna, poy egine se 1.500 atoma hlikias apo 16 ews 45 etwn, deixnei oti:

    peripoy dyo stoys deka andres kai treis stis deka gynaikes den xrhsimopoihsan kamia antisyllhptikh meqodo sthn prwth toys sejoyalikh epafh. Apo toys andres poy xrhsimopoihsan profylaktikh meqodo, eji stoys deka ekanan xrhsh profylaktikoy kai apo tis gynaikes tesseris stis deka.

    Opws prokyptei apo ta stoixeia ayta, ta opoia edwse sth dhmosiothta o epikoyros kaqhghths koinwnikhs iatrikhs Giannhs Toyntas oi misoi peripoy andres den xrhsimopoioyn profylaktiko sthn prwth toys sejoyalikh epafh, kaqws kai oti oi pio neoi anqrwpoi xrhsimopoioyn pio syxna to profylaktiko ap oti oi megalyteroi.

    Osoi zoyn stis poleis kai gyrw apo aytes alla kai einai morfwmenoi xrhsimopoioyn profylaktiko se megalytero pososto kata thn prwth sejoyalikh epafh. Endeiktiko einai epishs kai to gegonos oti mono pente stoys deka andres xrhsimopoioysan profylaktiko thn periodo poy egine h ereyna alla kai h apanthsh twn gynaikwn einai akrws anhsyxhtikh kaqws lene se pososto poy jeperna to 25% oti den xrhsimopoioyn kamia antisyllhptikh meqodo.

    Mhnyma Kofin Annan

    Sto mhnyma toy gia thn Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy AIDS o Kofin Annan anaferei: "O kosmos, opws diamorfwqhke meta apo tis 11 Septembrioy, mas exei kanei oloys na analogistoyme sobara ti eidoys kosmo qeloyme gia ta paidia mas. Sto neo kai abebaio kosmo opoy exoyme odhghqei, aisqanomaste pio baqia para pote thn anagkh na agkistrwqoyme gera se ena orama eirhnhs kai asfaleias, alla kai se ena orama anqrwpinhs asfaleias. H apostolh poy exoyn ta Hnwmena Eqnh gia na beltiwsoyn tis zwes twn anqrwpwn pantoy, exei ginei akoma pio epitaktikh. Ayto ennoei kai ton diplasiasmo twn prospaqeiwn mas gia na anastrecoyme thn epidhmia toy HIV/AIDS. H anasfaleia dieisdyei stis zwes kai tis oikogeneies twn atomwn poy exoyn prosblhqei apo ton HIV/AIDS. Alla to AIDS epishs katarrakwnei thn asfaleia oloklhrwn koinwniwn, koinothtwn kai oikonomiwn. Einai malista ena apo ta megalytera empodia gia thn idia thn anaptyjh. Ephreazei thn perifereiakh kai thn pagkosmia staqerothta kai apeilei na kaqysterhsei th dhmokratikh anaptyjh. Me ayton ton tropo, to AIDS, den afairei mono to paron. Afairei kai to mellon. Ayth einai h apwleia poy projenei to AIDS. Aytes oi apwleies paroysiazoyn anodo. Ta fetina noymera gia thn katastash ths epidhmias deixnoyn oti o synolikos ariqmos twn atomwn poy zoyn me HIV/AIDS ejakoloyqei na ayjanetai. Kaqe wra ths hmeras, peripoy 600 atoma molynontai. Kai kaqe wra, panw apo 60 paidia peqainoyn apo ton io. Ayth thn Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy AIDS, as kanoyme mia yposxesh na metaballoyme thn agwnia mas se prajh. As apofasisoyme oti noiazomaste arketa gia na oikodomhsoyme enan kosmo apallagmeno apo AIDS gia tis mellontikes genees.

    Mhnymata Ellhnwn politikwn

    Apo thn pleyra toy o syntonisths ths Diarkoys Epitrophs Koinwnikwn Ypoqesewn, boyleyths ths ND Nikhtas Kaklamanhs, me dhlwsh toy tonizei: "Kaqe 1h Dekembrioy h pagkosmia koinothta enqymeitai oti oi katoikoi ths ejakoloyqoyn na apeiloyntai apo thn "mastiga" toy AIDS. Kaneis omws apo emas den leei oti, "enw gnwrizoyme poly kala ti prepei na kanoyme", gia na periorisoyme thn ejaplwsh kai na anakoyfisoyme me kaqe tropo toys foreis h asqeneis, ayto to stoixeiwdes koinwniko kaqhkon to jexnoyme tis 364 hmeres kai to "qymomaste" mono mia! Hlqe h wra kai sthn Ellada to qema na epanejetasqei mesa sta plaisia ths "Sejoyalikhs diapaidagwghshs" twn newn mas kai taytoxrona, para to oti ta akraia ratsistika fainomena exoyn perioristei, na enhmerwsoyme oloys toys sympolites mas, oti to AIDS einai mia asqeneia poy afora OLOYS mas. Prospaqeia dyskolh, afoy h epidhmologia toy empleketai me ayth ths synexoys ejaplwshs twn narkwtikwn. H Nea Dhmokratia einai etoimh na bohqhsei oloys toys armodioys foreis pros thn kateyqynsh ayth, giati pisteyoyme oti tetoioy eidoys problhmata prepei na menoyn ejw apo steires kommatikes antiparaqeseis".

    Eykairia gia th desmeysh twn kybernhsewn se eidikes politikes prolhchs kai frontidas gia toys foreis kai pasxontes apo ton io toy AIDS xarakthrizei th shmerinh Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy AIDS, o Synaspismos se mhnyma toy. Qewrwntas xrhsimo na ejetastei h dhmioyrgia Kentroy Prolhchs gia to AIDS, o SYN epishmainei tis aneparkeis dapanes gia thn ygeia, th synexh ypobaqmish toy dhmosioy tomea, thn paramelhsh ths prolhchs kai, metajy allwn, proteinei th dhmioyrgia monadwn sta nosokomeia me katallhlh stelexwsh gia th frontida twn asqenwn, yphresies kai programmata enhmerwshs kai th dhmioyrgia se oloys toys nomoys kentroy oikogeneiakoy programmatismoy.

    Ekklhsh eyaisqhtopoihshs kai allhleggyhs apenanti sta ekatommyria synanqrwpwn mas poy exoyn proslhfqei apo thn asqeneia h einai foreis, ekfrazontas taytoxrona kai thn ameristh symparastash toy, apeyqynei o tomeas ygeias toy DHKKI, me aformh thn Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy AIDS. Gia na apotrapei h idiotyph morfh toy koinwnikoy ratsismoy se baros twn qymatwn toy AIDS, to DHKKI proteinei entatikopoihsh ths enhmerwshs, dwrean noshleia kai xorhghsh newn apotelesmatikwn farmakwn se oloys, kaqws kai cyxologikh kai oikonomikh yposthrijh, toso twn plhgentwn, oso kai twn oikogeneiwn toys.

    [02] Den anteje h texnhth kardia toy Toyls

    Phgh: APE 1/12/2001 11:54:00 pm

    O Rompert Toyls, o prwtos anqrwpos ston kosmo ston opoio emfyteythke texnhth kardia, peqane xqes sto Kentaki twn HPA, apo eswterikh aimorragia, anakoinwsan oi giatroi toy. O 59xronos paroysiase gastrorragia logw antiphktikwn problhmatwn poy sxetizontan me th sobarh kai xronia iatrikh toy katastash.

    O Toyls peqane sto Ebraiko Nosokomeio sto Loyisbil toy Kentaki, opoy eixe labei to mosxeyma stis 2 Ioylioy. Nwritera, to nosokomeio eixe anakoinwsei oti o Toyls eixe ypostei pollaplh organikh aneparkeia. Thn Pempth, o ektos asqenhs ston opoio eixe emfyteytei texnhth kardia peqane apo akatasxeth aimorragia, 20 wres meta thn egxeirhsh.

    [03] Maria Kallas. H ellhnida ''Ntiba''

    Phgh: APE 1/12/2001 2:36:00 mm

    Diaxronikh. Klasikh. Ntiba.Ellhnida. Maria Kallas. To onoma ths einai synwnymo toy dynamismoy, ths gohteias, toy spanioy talentoy. Synwnymo toy qeioy dwroy. H zwh ths jeperase ta kaqhmerina, ta epigeia, ta synhqismena. To paramyqi teleiwse me ton tropo poy ekeinh eixe epilejei. Monaxika. Makria apo toys proboleis kai toys epwnymoys filoys ths. Afhse thn teleytaia pnoh ths se ena polyteles diamerisma sto Parisi. Stis 2 Dekembrioy qa symplhrwne ta 78. Peqane se hlikia 54 xronwn.

    Mia zwh gemath lamch

    Etsi sth mnhmh twn apantaxoy qaymastwn ths diathreitai nea, omorfh, lamperh. Mia Qea. Ayth h asygkrith morfh ejakoloyqei na mageyei toys kinhmatografistes se olon ton kosmo.

    H zwh kai h kariera ths enepnean panta kallitexnikes dhmioyrgies. Dekades biblia, arketes biografies, tainies kai qeatrika erga exoyn grafei gia th soprano twn soprano.

    Ola osa agaphse s'aythn o dieqnhs Typos, thn epoxh ths megalhs ths lamchs, prosferoyn ploysio yliko gia thn anaplash ths syntomhs zwhs ths.

    Ena dyskolo diazygio apo ton Menegkini. Enas qyellwdhs erwtas me ton Aristotelh Wnash, poy den apodeixthke katastrofikos mono gia thn proswpikh ths hremia, alla kai gia thn kariera ths.

    Mia paqhsh stis fwnhtikes ths xordes poy ths sterhse oristika thn poiothta ths ekfrashs ths. H katarreysh ths meta to gamo toy Wnash me thn Tzaklin Kenenty. To teleiwtiko xtyphma.

    H zwh ths sto sinema

    Mesa sto 2002, dyo sygxrones ntibes ths 7hs Texnhs qa ensarkwsoyn thn Maria Kallas sth megalh oqonh. H Feh Ntanagoyeh kai h Fany Arntan.

    H Feh Ntanagoyeh,poy qa einai kai paragwgos ths tainias, exei hdh etoimo to senario poy basizetai sto qeatriko ergo toy Terens Mak Naly "Master Class". Prin liges ebdomades, kata thn diarkeia toy 42oy Festibal Kinhmatografoy Qessalonikhs, h Amerikanida hqopoios synanthqhke me thn adelfh kai ton gampro ths Kallas kai syzhthse mazi toys gia thn idea ths.

    Oi syggeneis ths Kallas enqoysiasthkan, enw opws ola deixnoyn, symparagwgos qa einai kai to Ellhniko kratos. Gia to rolo toy Aristotelh Wnash exei protaqei o Al Patsino.

    Me fonto to Parisi, th Rwmh kai th Madrith, oloklhrwnontai ayth thn epoxh ta gyrismata mias akoma tainias gia th Ntiba. Skhnoqeths enas koryfaios toy eyrwpaikoy sinema: o Franko Tzefireli "didaskei" th Gallida hqopoio Fany Arntan. Titlos "Callas Forever".

    Sto pleyro ths Arntan, o Tzeremi Airons (sto rolo toy impresarioy Lary Klark) , h Antzela Molina kai h Tzoan Plooyrait.

    Moyseio gia th Maria Kallas

    Ejalloy, dhmotiko Moyseio afierwmeno sth Maria Kallas prokeitai na dhmioyrghsei o dhmos Aqhnaiwn. Qa ektiqentai ta proswpika antikeimena ths prowra xamenhs kallitexnidas, fwtografies kai meros twn proswpikwn epistolwn ths olo to yliko poy agorase o Dhmos ths Aqhnas sth dhmoprasia poy egine persi, stis 2 kai 3 Dekembrioy, sto Parisi.

    Opws anakoinwse to Ypoyrgeio Politismoy, to Athenaeum (Idryma gia to dieqnes brabeio KALLAS) katafere, me thn oikonomikh bohqeia toy YPPO, na apokthsei to synolo sxedon twn aysthra proswpikwn antikeimenwn ths Marias Kallas, me th desmeysh na ta katastrecei ws endeijh sebasmoy sthn idiwtikh zwh ths Ellhnidas poy dojase thn patrida ths sta perata toy kosmoy.

    Ola ayta ta antikeimena agorasthkan enanti toy posoy twn 174.120 gallikwn fragkwn ( 9 ekatommyria draxmes) poy proerxetai apo to Ellhniko Ypoyrgeio Politismoy. Ta antikeimena poy agorase o Dhmos Aqhnaiwn kostisan peri ta 817.438 gallika fragka ( 40 ekatommyria draxmes), to de hmisy toy posoy qa kalycei to Ypoyrgeio Politismoy , ystera apo apofash toy ypoyrgoy k. Benizeloy. Oles oi energeies sto Parisi eginan mesw ths Ellhnikhs Presbeias.


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