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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 17-05-15

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Synenteyjh toy oryktologoy- petrologoyI. Mpaziwth gia th symmetoxh toy se apostolh ths NASA sthn Antarktikh

    [01] Synenteyjh toy oryktologoy- petrologoyI. Mpaziwth gia th symmetoxh toy se apostolh ths NASA sthn Antarktikh

    Sthn pagwmenh Antarktikh, ypo antijoes synqhkes, qa periplanietai se peripoy ena ejamhno, toso me mhxanokinhto elkhqro (snooymompil) oso kai me ta podia, o Ellhnas oryktologos- petrologos Iwannhs Mpaziwths, o opoios epilexqhke na symmetasxei sth monadikh organwmenh apostolh ths NASA gia thn epistrofh metewritwn apo thn afilojenh hpeiro.

    Einai o prwtos Ellhnas gewlogos poy qa kanei kati tetoio kai, opws dhlwse se synenteyjh toy sto Aqhnaiko kai Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn, oxi mono elpizei na anakalycei kapoion metewrith, alla epishs na probalei oso mporei thn Ellada mesa apo th symmetoxh toy sthn Apostolh.

    O epikoyros kaqhghths Oryktologias-Petrologias toy Gewponikoy Panepisthmioy Aqhnwn, o enas apo toys dyo mono episthmones sth xwra mas poy asxoleitai systhmatika me thn episthmh twn metewritwn, molis egine apodektos sthn ``Apostolh Anazhthshs Metewritwn sthn Antarktikh'' (Antarctic Search for Meteorites -ANSMET). Afoy perasei me epityxia kai tis iatrikes ejetaseis, qa tajidecei sthn Antarktikh apo to telos Noembrioy 2017 ews to telos Ianoyarioy 2018.

    Opws anefere sto APE-MPE, orama toy einai na dhmioyrghqei mia Planhtikh Etaireia sthn Ellada kai na prowqhqei h egxwria episthmonikh ereyna gia toys metewrites. Se ayto to plaisio, kanei prospaqeies na ferei gia prwth fora sth xwra mas enan apo aytoys, ton diashmo metewrith SERES poy brisketai sto Moyseio Fysikhs Istorias ths Biennhs, prokeimenoy na ekteqei to 2018 dhmosiws gia liges meres.

    Sto ergasthrio toy k. Mpaziwth prin ena mhna egkatastaqhke -me bohqeia apo to Idryma Stayros Niarxos- ena basiko organo gia th meleth twn metewritwn, enas hlektronikos mikranalyths, poy einai to mono toy eidoys toy sthn Ellada. Stoxos toy ellhna oryktologoy-petrologoy, opws leei, einai h anaptyjh antagwnistikhs ereynas se dieqnes epipedo kai, sto plaisio ayto, prosdoka oti to prowqoymeno Ellhniko Kentro Diasthmikwn Efarmogwn qa symperilabei, ektos apo thn efarmosmenh ereyna, kai thn enisxysh ths basikhs ereynas, opws thn meleth twn metewritwn.

    Oson afora th sxediazomenh dieqnws ejoryktikh-metalleytikh drasthriothta sto diasthma, p.x. sth Selhnh h se asteroeideis, ektima oti ``realistika milwntas, qa prepei na perimenoyme toylaxiston mexri to 2030 gia na yparjei piqanws mia tetoia prospaqeia''. Enw ypogrammizei oti ``ta ofelh mporei na einai terastia, kaqws yparxoyn asteroeideis poy einai ploysioi se polytima metalla, se periektikothtes poy jepernoyn ta megalytera koitasmata ths Ghs''.

    O I. Mpaziwths gennhqhke sthn Aqhna to 1980, apofoithse apo to Tmhma Gewlogias toy Panepisthmioy Aqhnwn to 2002, phre to didaktoriko toy apo th Sxolh Mhxanikwn Metalleiwn kai Metalloyrgwn toy EMP to 2008 kai apo to 2014 didaskei sto Gewponiko Panepisthmio Aqhnwn.

    Akoloyqei h synenteyjh:

    ER: Ti qa kanete sthn Antarktikh kai ti perimenete na breite ekei; Qa trigyrnate stoys pagoys se anazhthsh metewritwn;

    AP: H apostolh ANSMET (Antarctic Search for Meteorites) einai h mono organwmenh Apostolh ths NASA gia epistrofh metewritwn apo thn afilojenh ``erhmo'' ths Antarktikhs. Anamenoyme, loipon, na broyme petrwmata -metewrites- poy qa mas dwsoyn apanthseis gia ton sxhmatismo planhtwn opws o Arhs, doryforwn opws h Selhnh, allwn asteroeidwn kai genikotera gia thn apokryptografhsh ths dhmioyrgias toy hliakoy mas systhmatos.

    H periplanhsh sta pagwmena pedia ths Antarktikhs qa ginei me th xrhsh snowmobile kai fysika me pezoporia. O entopismos twn metewritwn einai dyskolh ypoqesh, kaqws h pleionothta twn petrwmatwn sthn Antarktikh einai ghinhs proeleyshs. Apaiteitai idiaiterh ekpaideysh kai ejoikeiwsh me ta xarakthristika anagnwrishs enos metewrith, th stigmh kata thn opoia qa metakinoymaste grhgora me ta snowmobiles panw ston pago. H ekpaideysh mas qa pragmatopoihqei sto Klibelant to teleytaio trihmero toy Oktwbrh.

    ER: Giati h NASA xrhmatodotei tetoies apostoles kai ti prosdoka na prokycei apo aytes;

    AP: H NASA xrhmatodotei, apo koinoy me to Eqniko Idryma Episthmwn ths Amerikhs, thn apostolh ayth apo to 1976. Se synolo 56.000 metewritwn poy exoyn breqei sth Gh, oi peripoy 22.000 proerxontai apo thn Antarktikh.

    Poio einai omws to ofelos; Fantasteite oti gia na metaferqei ena kilo ylikoy sto diasthma, to kostos mporei na aggijei kai ta 20.000 dolaria. An, loipon, sxediazotan mia apostolh epistrofhs petrwmatwn apo ena allo oyranio swma opws o Arhs h h Selhnh, to kostos qa htan ejwpragmatiko, an sygkriqei me ta xrhmata poy dapanwntai sthn apostolh ANSMET, poy exei epistrecei ena toso megalo ariqmo ``ejwghinwn'' petrwmatwn.

    Epomenws, mono ofelos mporei na exei h NASA kai h episthmonikh koinothta apo ayth thn Apostolh, afoy me sxedon mhdeniko kostos dinetai h dynatothta meleths twn basikwn domikwn liqwn poy synqetoyn to hliako mas systhma kai twn diergasiwn poy apaitoyntai gia th dhmioyrgia kai ejelijh toy.

    ER: Poso dyskoles qa einai oi kaqhmerines synqhkes diabiwshs kai ereynas sthn Antarktikh; Pws qa fqasete ekei, poy qa menete kai me poioys qa synergazesqe;

    AP: Oi synqhkes diabiwshs den einai eykoles. H mesh qermokrasia sth diarkeia toy ``kalokairioy'' ths Antarktikhs -mh jexnate oti briskomaste sto Notio Hmisfairio- einai -18 ews -28 baqmoi Kelsioy. Parallhla, oi arketa isxyroi katabatikoi anemoi, poy mporoyn na jeperasoyn merikes fores th taxythta twn 100 xlm/wra, dysxerainoyn arketa to periballon kai tis synqhkes paramonhs.

    H metabash sthn perioxh apotelei apo monh ths mia omorfh Odysseia. Qa prepei na fqasw sto Los Antzeles mesw kapoias eyrwpaikhs xwras kai akoloyqws qa petajoyme diadoxika sthn Aystralia, sth Nea Zhlandia kai telika sth bash McMurdo sthn Antarktikh. H metabash sthn Antarktikh qa ginei me aeroplana toy amerikanikoy stratoy. Apo th bash McMurdo, qa metaboyme sth bash Shackleton me allo stratiwtiko aeroplano.

    Ekei, problepetai na xwristoyn ta synolika oktw melh ths atomwn apostolhs se dyo omades twn tessarwn. H omada A qa metabei sta boyna Cecily/Raymond, opoy qa parameinei gia peripoy eji ebdomades. Enw h omada B qa kinhqei notia ths Shackleton kai qa episkefqei treis diaforetikes qeseis paramenontas dyo ebdomades sthn kaqe qesh.

    Qa meinoyme se skhnes typoy Skot twn dyo atomwn me dipla monwmena toixwmata kai fysika qa koimomaste se ypnosako. Ta ypoloipa melh ths Apostolhs den exoyn ginei akoma gnwsta, wstoso panta epilegontai episthmones poy asxoloyntai energa me thn Planhtologia kai toys metewrites.

    ER: Exete kapoies idees gia to pws qa mporoyse na problhqei h Ellada kata th diarkeia ths symmetoxhs sas sthn apostolh kai meta thn oloklhrwsh ths;

    AP: Katarxas, to gegonos symmetoxhs sto programma ANSMET einai terastia probolh gia thn Ellada. Kata th diarkeia ths Apostolhs nomizw oti h kalyterh probolh ths Ellados qa einai mesw ths sklhrhs doyleias kai toy zhloy poy qa deijw sto pedio. H alhqeia einai oti den exw skefqei akoma ti qa mporoyse na ginei, enosw eimaste sto pedio. Akoma einai nwris, afoy apomenoyn peripoy eji mhnes gia thn Apostolh. Yparxei arketos xronos na to skefqw. Na eiste pantws sigoyroi oti qa kanw to kalytero gia thn Ellada.

    Meta thn oloklhrwsh ths Apostolhs, qa metaboyme sto Xioyston toy Tejas ton Martio toy 2018 gia na paroysiasoyme ta apotelesmata ths. Ekei qa akoystei h Ellada sto megisto baqmo. Epishs, qa prospaqhsw na kinhtopoihsw anqrwpoys kai foreis gia th dhmioyrgia mias Planhtikhs Etaireias (Planetary Society) sthn Ellada. Exw akomh th skech -kai th qetikh gnwmh apo ton dieyqynth toy Institoytoy SSERVI (Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute) ths NASA- to Gewponiko Panepisthmio Aqhnwn na anaptyjei synergasia ws affiliated partner.

    Qa hqela epishs na tonisw oti sto Ergasthrio mas sto Gewponiko, molis prin ena mhna, egkatastaqhke ena basiko organo gia th meleth twn metewritwn. Onomazetai hlektronikos mikranalyths kai einai to mono toy eidoys toy sthn Ellada. Eytyxws to Idryma Stayros Niarxos mas bohqhse se ayth thn prospaqeia kai to eyxaristw idiaitera. To orama moy einai h synexish anaptyjhs toy ergasthrioy mas, mexris otoy ginei antagwnistiko se dieqnes epipedo.

    ER: Yparxei egxwria ereyna gia toys metewrites sthn Ellada kai pws qa mporoyse na tonwqei to sxetiko endiaferon;

    AP: Fysika yparxei, alla akomh h Episthmh ayth den antiproswpeyetai apo kapoia krisimh maza anqrwpwn, poy na apotelesei koinothta. Me bash tis gnwseis moy, eimaste mono dyo episthmones poy meletoyme metewrites. To diko moy episthmoniko endiaferon estiazei sth meleth ths diereynhshs twn synqhkwn kata th sygkroysh asteroeidwn sto diasthma, ths petrologikhs-gewxhmikhs ejelijhs planhtwn opws o Arhs, kaqws kai sthn anakalych perioxwn sth Gh poy exoyn paromoies oryktologikes-petrologikes idiothtes me ton planhth Arh opws h Santorinh.

    Diathrw ejairetikh synergasia me to Moyseio Fysikhs Istorias ths Biennhs, poy diaqetei mia apo tis megalyteres sylloges metewritwn ston kosmo. Hdh sto prosfato synedrio ths NASA fetos ton Martio, anakoinwsame thn yparjh kapoiwn poly shmantikwn oryktwn -poy omoia toys mporoyme na broyme mono se baqh 600 xiliometrwn sto eswteriko ths Ghs- apo ton metewrith Chateau-Renard, ton opoio exw daneistei apo to Moyseio ths Biennhs.

    Meletw ta teleytaia xronia ton metewrith SERES, ton mono epibebaiwmeno metewrith-ypoleimma twn prwtwn stadiwn dhmioyrgias toy hliakoy mas systhmatos. Prosdokw na dhmosieysw ta apotelesmata ths ereynas mesa sto erxomeno etos, alla epipleon na zhthsw apo to Moyseio ths Biennhs, opoy brisketai o metewriths, na ton daneistoyme gia mia-dyo meres, wste na ekteqei sthn Ellada ton Ioynio toy 2018. Tote symplhrwnontai 200 xronia apo thn ptwsh toy. Exw jekinhsei ayth th prospaqeia kai elpizw na exei qetikh katalhjh.

    ER: Pws ajiologeite thn prowqoymenh ylopoihsh toy Ellhnikoy Kentroy Diasthmikwn Efarmogwn; Qa mporoyse na bohqhsei sthn ereyna sas;

    AP: Pragmatika einai mia ejairetika qetikh prospaqeia apo thn Ellhnikh Politeia. An to pistecoyn oloi oi emplekomenoi foreis, doylecoyn sklhra kai omadika kai me monadiko orama thn ylopoihsh aytoy toy Kentroy, tote qa petyxei. Elpizw na yparjei merimna gia thn prosqhkh kai ths basikhs ereynas sto Kentro ayto, mesw ths meleths twn metewritwn. Sto arxiko plano den yphrxe. Prospaqhsa na kanw mia mikrh parembash, alla den gnwrizw ta apotelesmata.

    ER: Stadiaka ayjanei dieqnws to endiaferon gia thn ajiopoihsh twn oryktwn porwn toy diasthmatos: sth Selhnh, se asteroeideis kai isws akomh pio makria. Pote ektimate oti qa mporoyse realistika na jekinhsei kati tetoio kai pws ajiologeite to isozygio wfeleiwn-kindynwn apo mia tetoia ejoryktikh-metalleytikh drasthriothta;

    AP: Ayth einai mia pragmatika dyskolh erwthsh. Den eimaste konta sthn ejoryjh, alla eimaste konta se diafores texnologies poy mporoyn na dokimastoyn pros ayth th kateyqynsh. Realistika milwntas, qa prepei na perimenoyme toylaxiston mexri to 2030 gia na yparjei piqanws mia tetoia prospaqeia.

    Ta ofelh mporei na einai terastia, kaqws h ejoryjh apo sygkekrimenoys asteroeideis gia sygkekrimena metalla mporei na apoferei arketa ekatommyria dolaria. Yparxoyn asteroeideis poy einai ploysioi se polytima metalla, se periektikothtes poy jepernoyn ta megalytera koitasmata ths Ghs. Opote, apo ayth kai mono th skopia, mono ofelos mporei na exei h Koinothta sth Gh.


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