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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 15-12-15

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] G. Staqakhs: To nomosxedio gia ta proapaitoymena periexei aysthroteroys kanones apo opoiadhpote eyrwpaikh xwra
  • [02] O Al. Tsipras qa episkefqei ayrio ta Kentra Ypodoxhs kai Taytopoihshs prosfygwn se Xio kai Lero
  • [03] Ekleisan ta dhmosia sxoleia sto Los Antzeles ejaitias apeilwn
  • [04] O proedros Mparak Ompama yperaspizetai me sqenos th metanasteysh, thn "palaioterh paradosh" ths Amerikhs
  • [05] H desmh protasewn ths Epitrophs gia thn Eyrwpaikh Synoriofylakh, Aktofylakh
  • [06] Sth Boylh ayrio to ``parallhlo programma'' ths kybernhshs

    [01] G. Staqakhs: To nomosxedio gia ta proapaitoymena periexei aysthroteroys kanones apo opoiadhpote eyrwpaikh xwra

    H kybernhsh, proxwra me staqerothta sthn efarmogh mias politikhs, thn opoia exei diatypwsei anoixta sto lao, opws h diapragmateysh twn 48 proapaitoymenwn kai h anakefalaiopoihsh twn trapezwn", anefere milwntas apo to bhma ths Boylhs o ypoyrgos Oikonomias Giwrgos Staqakhs.

    Synexizontas o Giwrgos Staqakhs, antekroyse tis qeseis boyleytwn ths antipoliteyshs oti h kybernhsh den diapragmateyetai me toys daneistes kai anefere "toylaxiston deka shmeia" gia ta opoia, opws eipe, h diapragmateysh odhghse se pio qetika apotelesmata.

    Sygkekrimena, anefere thn prostasia ths prwths katoikias me kratikh arwgh plhroys kalychs gia to 25% kai me poly kaloys oroys prostasias gia to 35% twn daneiolhptwn, thn epilysh toy problhmatos twn farmakeiwn me lysh poly kalyterh apo thn arxikh kai thn symfwnia gia ton ADMHE, opoy opws eipe, ejasfalisthke h kata 51% idiokthsia toy Dhmosioy.

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomias prosqese, oti o ypo syzhthsh nomos, poy diamorfwnei to ryqmistiko sxedio idryshs kai leitoyrgias twn epixeirhsewn diaxeirishs twn kokkinwn daneiwn, periexei aysthroteroys kanones yper twn daneiolhptwn apo opoiadhpote allh eyrwpaikh xwra, enw kalese thn antipoliteysh na kataqesei paradeigma eyrwpaikhs xwras, opoy isxyoyn kanones aysthroteroi apo aytoys.

    [02] O Al. Tsipras qa episkefqei ayrio ta Kentra Ypodoxhs kai Taytopoihshs prosfygwn se Xio kai Lero

    Episkech sthn Xio kai th Lero pragmatopoiei ayrio o prwqypoyrgos Alejhs Tsipras, synodeyomenos apo ton anaplhrwth ypoyrgo Metanasteytikhs Politikhs, Giannh Moyzala.

    O prwqypoyrgos qa episkeftei ta Kentra Ypodoxhs kai Taytopoihshs (hotspots) twn dyo nhsiwn prokeimenoy na diapistwsei thn poreia twn ergasiwn. Sth synexeia qa anaxwrhsei gia tis Bryjelles, prokeimenoy na symmetasxei sth Synodo toy Eyrwpaikoy Symboylioy.

    [03] Ekleisan ta dhmosia sxoleia sto Los Antzeles ejaitias apeilwn

    Ola ta dhmosia sxoleia sto Los Antzeles ekleisan shmera epeita apo apeiles, anakoinwse o Ramon Kortines, o proistamenos olwn twn baqmidwn ekpaideyshs toy Los Antzeles, ths deyterhs se megeqos ekpaideytikhs perifereias twn HPA, opoy foitoyn 640.000 maqhtes apo ta nhpiagwgeia ews ta Lykeia.

    Mia apeilh gia topoqethsh ekrhktikoy mhxanismoy poy estalh mesw mhnymatos hlektronikoy taxydromeioy syndeetai me mia dieyqynsh IP sth Fragkfoyrth ths Germanias, gnwstopoihse mia ekproswpos typoy ths ekpaideytikhs perifereias toy Los Antzeles.

    H ekproswpos Sanon Xamper epishmane oti h apeilh estalh mesw mhnymatos hlektronikoy taxydromeioy se ena melos toy dioikhtikoy symboylioy ths perifereias kai proerxetai apo mia dieyqynsh IP sth germanikh polh.

    Thn idia wra sth Nea Yorkh, h astynomia xarakthrise ``anajiopistes'' apeiles poy diatypwqhkan enantion sxoleiwn sthn amerikanikh megaloypolh sthn anatolikh akth twn HPA.

    [04] O proedros Mparak Ompama yperaspizetai me sqenos th metanasteysh, thn "palaioterh paradosh" ths Amerikhs

    Mia paqiasmenh omilia yper ths metanasteyshs, ths ``palaioterhs paradoshs'' twn HPA, ekfwnhse shmera o proedros Mparak Ompama, kaqws to zhthma ayto exei breqei sto epikentro ths proeklogikhs ekstrateias gia tis proedrikes ekloges toy 2016, meta tis emprhstikes kai amfilegomenes dhlwseis toy ypochfioy gia to xrisma toy Repoymplikanikoy Kommatos Ntonalnt Tramp.

    ``Sxedon oles oi xwres toy kosmoy ypodexontai metanastes, wstoso yparxei kati to idiaitero me thn Amerikh: emeis den ypodexomaste apla neoys metanastes, emeis gennhqhkame apo metanastes, ayto eimaste'' tonise o epikefalhs toy amerikanikoy kratoys se mia teleth politografhshs sta Eqnika Arxeia sthn Oyasigkton.

    ``Prepei na desmeytoyme oti qa katadikazoyme panta to misos kai th misallodojia'' proseqese o idios ki enw apomenoyn liges wres prin apo thn pempth kata seira thleoptikh anametrhsh sto Las Begkas twn ypochfiwn toy Repoymplikanikoy Kommatos enocei twn prokrimatikwn eklogwn, opoy to zhthma ths metanasteyshs anamenetai na prwtagwnisthsei metajy allwn sthn atzenta.

    H protash toy disekatommyrioyxoy Ntonalnt Tramp oi HPA na apagoreyqei h eisodos twn moysoylmanwn stis HPA prokalese thn entonh antidrash toy Leykoy Oikoy poy taxqhke yper toy ``apokleismoy'' toy ypochfioy apo thn koyrsa gia ton proedriko qwko qewrwntas ton akatallhlo.

    ``Den qa stamathsoyme pote na to epanalambanoyme me sqenos: oi metanastes kai oi prosfyges anazwogonoyn kai ananewnoyn thn Amerikh'' ypogrammise o Ompama meta th lhjh ths teleths kata th diarkeia ths opoias xorhghqhke h amerikanikh yphkoothta se 31 anqrwpoys poy proerxontan apo 25 xwres, apo thn Ondoyra ews to Irak kai apo th Boylgaria, thn Aiqiopia, ton Kanada, to Nepal ws th Germania, th Brazilia kai to Kameroyn.

    [05] H desmh protasewn ths Epitrophs gia thn Eyrwpaikh Synoriofylakh, Aktofylakh

    H Eyrwpaikh Epitroph ekdidei shmera mia shmantikh desmh metrwn gia th diaxeirish twn ejwterikwn synorwn ths EE kai thn prostasia toy xwroy Sengken xwris eswterika synora. Oi shmerines protaseis qa symbaloyn sthn apotelesmatikoterh diaxeirish ths metanasteyshs, sth beltiwsh ths eswterikhs asfaleias ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai sth diasfalish ths arxhs ths eleyqerhs kykloforias twn proswpwn. H Epitroph proteinei th dhmioyrgia Eyrwpaikhs Synoriofylakhs kai Aktofylakhs, wste na ejasfalistei h isxyrh kai apo koinoy diaxeirish twn ejwterikwn synorwn. Prokeimenoy na ayjhqei peraiterw h asfaleia twn politwn ths Eyrwphs, h Epitroph proteinei epishs na kaqierwqoyn systhmatikoi elegxoi olwn twn atomwn poy eiserxontai h ejerxontai apo ton xwro toy Sengken me th xrhsh katallhlwn basewn dedomenwn.

    O Prwtos Antiproedros ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs Frans Timmermans dhlwse sxetika: ``Se enan xwro eleyqerhs kykloforias xwris eswterika synora, h diaxeirish twn ejwterikwn synorwn ths Eyrwphs prepei na apotelei epimerismenh eyqynh. H krish exei apokalycei safeis adynamies kai kena stoys yfistamenoys mhxanismoys poy aposkopoyn sth diasfalish ths thrhshs twn protypwn ths EE. Epomenws, hrqe h wra na proxwrhsoyme se ena pragmatika oloklhrwmeno systhma diaxeirishs twn synorwn. Sthn Eyrwpaikh Synoriofylakh kai Aktofylakh qa symmetexoyn enas enisxymenos organismos, poy qa exei th dynatothta na basizetai se efedreia proswpwn kai ejoplismoy, kai oi arxes twn kratwn melwn, poy qa ejakoloyqhsoyn na askoyn thn kaqhmerinh diaxeirish twn ejwterikwn synorwn. To systhma poy proteinoyme qa epitrecei ton entopismo endexomenwn adynamiwn se pragmatiko xrono, wste na mporoyn na antimetwpistoyn grhgora, kaqws kai th beltiwsh ths syllogikhs mas ikanothtas na antimetwpizoyme apotelesmatika tis katastaseis krishs se periptwsh poy tmhma twn ejwterikwn synorwn yfistatai isxyrh piesh.''

    O Epitropos Metanasteyshs, Eswterikwn Ypoqesewn kai Iqageneias Dhmhtrhs Abramopoylos prosqese: ``Oi shmerines proklhseis ston tomea ths asfaleias kai ths metanasteyshs den gnwrizoyn synora kai apaitoyn mia pragmatika eyrwpaikh proseggish. Enw o Frontex periorizotan genika sthn yposthrijh twn kratwn melwn sth diaxeirish twn ejwterikwn synorwn toys, o neos organismos gia ta synora qa proxwrhsei poly perissotero. Ayto poy dhmioyrgoyme shmera einai perissoterh Eyrwph: me th diaxeirish twn ejwterikwn mas synorwn, thn taxyterh epistrofh twn paratypwn metanastwn, th dynatothta eyryqmhs leitoyrgias toy systhmatos asyloy gia osoys exoyn anagkh kai thn enisxysh twn elegxwn sta ejwterika synora ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs. Me th desmh metrwn gia ta synora poy paroysiazoyme shmera qa ayjhqei h asfaleia gia toys polites mas kai qa ejasfalistoyn ychla protypa diaxeirishs twn synorwn.''

    Eyrwpaikh Synoriofylakh kai Aktofylakh

    Sthn Eyrwpaikh Synoriofylakh kai Aktofylakh qa symmetexoyn enas eyrwpaikos organismos fylajhs twn synorwn kai twn aktwn, poy qa sxhmatistei me bash ton Frontex, kai oi armodies gia th diaxeirish twn synorwn arxes twn kratwn melwn, poy qa ejakoloyqhsoyn na askoyn thn kaqhmerinh diaxeirish twn ejwterikwn synorwn.

    H nea Eyrwpaikh Synoriofylakh kai Aktofylakh qa xarakthrizetai apo ta akoloyqa:

    B Efedreies synoriofylakwn taxeias kinhtopoihshs kai texnikoy ejoplismoy: o organismos qa einai se qesh na basizetai se toylaxiston 1.500 empeirognwmones, oi opoioi qa mporoyn na anaptyxqoyn se ligotero apo 3 hmeres. Gia prwth fora, o organismos qa exei th dynatothta na promhqeyetai o idios ejoplismo kai na xrhsimopoiei ena apoqema texnikoy ejoplismoy poy qa parexetai apo ta krath melh. Den qa yparxei pleon elleich proswpikoy h ejoplismoy gia tis eyrwpaikes synoriakes epixeirhseis. Oi anqrwpinoi poroi toy neoy organismoy qa yperdiplasiastoyn se sxesh me ekeinoys toy Frontex, anerxomenoi se monimo proswpiko 1 000 atomwn, symperilambanomenoy toy epitopioy proswpikoy, ews to 2020.

    B Rolo parakoloyqhshs kai epopteias: qa systaqei ena kentro parakoloyqhshs kai analyshs kindynoy, to opoio qa parakoloyqei tis metanasteytikes roes pros thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kai entos ayths kai qa dienergei analyseis kindynoy kai ypoxrewtikes ektimhseis trwtothtas, prokeimenoy na entopizontai kai na qwrakizontai ta adynata shmeia. Ajiwmatikoi-syndesmoi qa apospwntai sta krath melh gia na ejasfalizetai h epitopia paroysia sta shmeia opoy yparxei kindynos gia ta synora. O organismos qa einai se qesh na ektima thn epixeirhsiakh ikanothta, ton texniko ejoplismo kai toys poroys poy diaqetoyn ta krath melh wste na antimetwpizoyn proklhseis sta ejwterika toys synora kai na apaitei apo ta krath melh na laboyn metra wste na epilhfqoyn toy zhthmatos entos kaqorismenhs proqesmias se periptwsh poy yparxoyn trwta shmeia.

    B Dikaiwma parembashs: ta krath melh mporoyn na zhthsoyn thn ektelesh koinwn epixeirhsewn kai taxeies synoriakes epembaseis, kaqws kai thn apostolh eyrwpaikwn omadwn synoriofylakwn kai aktofylakwn pros yposthrijh toys.Se periptwsh poy ejakoloyqoyn na yparxoyn elleiceis h poy kratos melos yfistatai shmantikh metanasteytikh piesh poy qetei se kindyno ton xwro Sengken kai efoson den epikeitai h lhch metrwn se eqniko epipedo h ean ayta einai aneparkh, h Epitroph qa exei th dynatothta na ekdidei ektelestikh apofash me thn opoia qa orizetai oti h katastash se sygkekrimeno tmhma twn ejwterikwn synorwn apaitei thn analhch epeigoysas drashs se eyrwpaiko epipedo.Ayto qa epitrepei ston organismo na parembainei kai na apostellei eyrwpaikes omades synoriofylakwn kai aktofylakwn, wste na ejasfalizetai oti analambanetai epitopia drash, akomh kai otan ena kratos melos den einai se qesh h den epiqymei na labei ta anagkaia metra.

    B Epithrhsh apo thn Aktofylakh: oi eqnikes aktofylakes qa apoteloyn meros ths Eyrwpaikhs Synoriofylakhs kai Aktofylakhs, ston baqmo poy ekteloyn kaqhkonta synoriakwn elegxwn. Oi entoles ths Eyrwpaikhs Yphresias Elegxoy ths Alieias kai toy Eyrwpaikoy Organismoy gia thn Asfaleia sth Qalassa qa eyqygrammistoyn me thn entolh ths neas Eyrwpaikhs Synoriofylakhs kai Aktofylakhs. Oi treis organismoi qa einai se qesh na analambanoyn koines epixeirhseis epithrhshs, gia paradeigma, mesw ths apo koinoy leitoyrgias twn thlekateyqynomenwn aeroporikwn systhmatwn (mh epandrwmenwn aeroskafwn) sth Mesogeio Qalassa.

    B Entolh gia drasthriopoihsh se trites xwres: o organismos qa labei nea entolh gia apostolh ajiwmatikwn-syndesmwn se geitonikes trites xwres kai enarjh koinwn epixeirhsewn me aytes, metajy allwn kai sto edafos toys.

    B Enisxysh toy roloy se qemata epistrofhs: sto plaisio toy organismoy qa systaqei Eyrwpaikh Yphresia Epistrofwn, wste na epitrapei h topoqethsh eyrwpaikwn omadwn epembashs gia epistrofes, oi opoies qa stelexwnontai apo synodoys, parathrhtes kai eidikoys se qemata epistrofhs kai qa ergazontai gia thn apotelesmatikh epistrofh twn paranomws diamenontwn yphkown tritwn xwrwn. Ena eniaio eyrwpaiko tajidiwtiko eggrafo gia thn epistrofh qa ejasfalisei thn eyryterh apodoxh twn epanapatrizomenwn apo tis trites xwres.

    B Diafylajh ths eswterikhs asfaleias: o organismos qa lambanei ypoch toy sthn analysh kindynoy to diasynoriako egklhma kai thn tromokratia kai qa synergazetai me alloys organismoys ths Enwshs kai dieqneis organwseis gia thn prolhch ths tromokratias, me plhrh sebasmo twn qemeliwdwn dikaiwmatwn.

    Systhmatikoi elegxoi twn politwn ths EE sta ejwterika synora

    Prokeimenoy na ayjhqei h asfaleia entos toy xwroy Sengken, h Epitroph proteinei mia stoxeymenh tropopoihsh toy kwdika synorwn toy Sengken, me th qespish ypoxrewtikwn systhmatikwn elegxwn twn politwn ths EE sta ejwterika xersaia, qalassia kai enaeria synora. Qa kaqierwqoyn ypoxrewtikoi elegxoi twn politwn ths EE me th xrhsh basewn dedomenwn, opws to systhma plhroforiwn Sengken (SIS), h bash dedomenwn ths Interpol gia klapenta kai apolesqenta tajidiwtika eggrafa kai synafh eqnika systhmata, gia na ejakribwnetai oti ta proswpa poy afiknoyntai den synistoyn apeilh gia th dhmosia tajh kai thn eswterikh asfaleia. Epishs, h protash enisxyei thn anagkh na ejakribwnontai ta biometrika anagnwristika stoixeia sta diabathria twn politwn ths EE se periptwsh amfiboliwn sxetika me th gnhsiothta toy diabathrioy h th nomimothta toy katoxoy. Oi elegxoi qa einai pleon ypoxrewtikoi kai kata thn ejodo apo thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh.

    Kat? arxhn, dedomenoy oti oi elegxoi eggrafwn kai proswpwn einai dynaton na diejagontai parallhla, oi arxes anamenetai oti qa einai se qesh na symboyleyontai tis sxetikes baseis dedomenwn xwris na kaqysterei h dieleysh twn synorwn. Problepetai eyelijia apo toys kanones gia tis periptwseis stis opoies oi systhmatikoi elegxoi endexetai na exoyn dysanaloges epiptwseis sth roh ths kykloforias sta synora. Stis periptwseis aytes, ta krath melh mporoyn, basei ajiologhshs kindynoy, na apofasisoyn na dienerghsoyn stoxeymenoys elegxoys se orismena shmeia dieleyshs twn xersaiwn kai qalassiwn synorwn. H ajiologhsh kindynoy qa gnwstopoieitai ston organismo, o opoios mporei na ajiologei ton tropo me ton opoio efarmozetai h ejairesh sth dikh toy ektimhsh trwtothtas.

    Oi systhmatikoi elegxoi stis baseis dedomenwn pragmatopoioyntai basei systhmatos ``antistoixias/mh antistoixias'' (hit/no hit). Ayto shmainei oti ean to atomo den paroysiazei kindyno, o elegxos den katagrafetai kai den ginetai peraiterw epejergasia twn dedomenwn poy to aforoyn. H xrhsh twn basewn dedomenwn me ton tropo ayto synepagetai poly periorismeno antiktypo sta dikaiwmata poy aforoyn proswpika dedomena kai dikaiologeitai apo toys stoxoys asfaleias.

    [06] Sth Boylh ayrio to ``parallhlo programma'' ths kybernhshs

    Stis armodies koinoboyleytikes epitropes eisagetai ayrio to nomosxedio ``Metra gia thn epitaxynsh toy kybernhtikoy ergoy kai alles diatajeis'', poy perilambanei mia seira qetikwn drasewn me barythta se metra gia thn anakoyfish twn politwn sto plaisio toy sxedioy poy akoyei ston oro ``parallhlo programma''.

    H kybernhsh exei desmeytei, para tis dyskoles synqhkes, gia th sthrijh twn pio adynamwn kai exei katasthsei safes mazi me ton agwna dromoy gia thn ylopoihsh twn proapaitoymenwn wste na proxwrhsoyme sthn ajiologhsh kai thn enarjh ths syzhthshs gia to xreos, qa prowqhsei kai to diko ths parallhlo programma, programma dhladh me koinwniko proshmo, meros toy opoioy apotelei kai to nomosxedio ``Metra gia thn epitaxynsh toy kybernhtikoy ergoy kai alles diatajeis''. H kybernhsh exei epishs jekaqarisei oti to parallhlo programma den qa einai statiko alla qa employtizetai synexws me nea periexomena.

    Ti problepei to n/s gia thn epitaxynsh toy nomoqetikoy ergoy

    ``Jepagwma'' twn proslhcewn stis antapodotikes yphresies twn dhmwn, dieyrynsh twn dikaioyxwn meiwmenwn h mhdenikwn dhmotikwn telwn, xorhghsh epidomatos anqygieinhs ergasias se kathgories ypallhlwn, ayjhsh wrwn apasxolhshs twn ypallhlwn IDAX kai meiwsh toy wrarioy toy proswpikoy twn dhmotikwn paidikwn kai brefonhpiakwn staqmwn, perilambanontai metajy allwn stis diatajeis toy nomosxedioy gia thn epitaxynsh toy kybernhtikoy ergoy.


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