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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 07-05-07

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] H pneymonia "xtypaei" toys kapnistes

    [01] H pneymonia "xtypaei" toys kapnistes

    Apo idiopaqh pneymonikh inwsh kindyneyoyn na prosblhqoyn perissotero oi andres anw twn 50 etwn, poy einai systhmatikoi kapnistes. H idiopaqhs pneymonikh inwsh einai h pio syxnh kai einai typos diameshs pneymonias poy entopizetai mono ston pneymona. Einai agnwsths aitiologias kai ta klinika ths xarakthristika einai periodikh dyspnoia, xronios bhxas kai diataraxes ths anapneystikhs leitoyrgias. H diagnwsh ths nosoy ginetai me klinika kai aktinologika krithria kai otan ayta den plhroyntai me biocia pneymona. H klinikh poreia ths poikilei, alla genika h prognwsh ths einai ptwxh. Megalo pososto asqenwn me metria noso paramenei staqero gia megales periodoys, enw alloi asqeneis paroysiazoyn taxeia ejelijh syxna me taytoxrones ojeies parojynseis. Kakoi prognwstikoi deiktes kata th diagnwsh einai h megalh hlikia, to antriko fylo, to kapnisma, o baqmos ths dyspnoias, h barythta twn diataraxwn ths anapneystikhs leitoyrgias se hremia kai se kopwsh, h yparjh proxwrhmenwn aktinologikwn blabwn kaqws kai h systash twn kyttarwn kai oysiwn toy pneymona. Ayta tonise h epikoyrh kaqhghtria pneymonologias sto Aristoteleio Panepisthmio Qessalonikhs Despoina Papakwsta milwntas sto 9o Metekpaideytiko Seminario Pneymonologias, poy organwse h pneymonologikh klinikh toy panepisthmioy Iwanninwn kai pragmatopoihqhke sthn Kerkyra.

    Allh mia nosologikh ontothta idiopaqoys diameshs pneymonias einai h mh eidikh diamesh pneymonia, poy einai poly syxnh se asqeneis me reymatika noshmata toy syndetikoy istoy, se pneymonitida apo ypereyaisqhsia, se farmakeytikes pneymonopaqeies, se loimwjeis kai anosoaneparkeies. H morfh ayth xarakthrizetai kyriws apo flegmonh kai spaniotera apo katastrofh toy pneymona se antiqesh me thn prohgoymenh kai exei kalh prognwsh. Prosballei ej isoy kai ta dyo fyla se hlikia mikroterh (metajy 40-50 etwn) apo thn idiopaqh pneymonikh inwsh kai den sxetizetai me to kapnisma. H enarjh twn symptwmatwn einai baqmiaia kai h mesh diarkeia toys apo 6 mhnes ews 3 xronia. Apwleia baroys (kata meso oro 6 kila) parathreitai sto 50% twn asqenwn. H klinikh eikona ekdhlwnetai me bhxa kai dyspnoia. To oikogeneiako istoriko paizei shmantiko rolo kai stis dyo ontothtes, poy parathrhqhkan se polla melh ths idias oikogeneias. H diagnwsh ths xreiazetai xeiroyrgikh biocia.

    H kryptogenhs organoymenh pneymonia moiazei me koinh pneymonia kai einai h deyterh se syxnothta idiopaqhs diamesh pneymonia meta thn idiopaqh. Emfanizetai ws grippwdhs syndromh me pyreto, bhxa kai dyspnoia. H anapneystikh leitoyrgia einai hpia ephreasmenh. H nosos exei kalh prognwsh kai antimetwpizetai epityxws sto 65-80% twn periptwsewn me xorhghsh kortizonhs. Spania parathreitai taxeia ejelijh me ojeia anapneystikh aneparkeia kai o klinikos giatros prepei na th skefqei, otan antimetwpizei asqenh me empyreto kai skiaseis, poy den apantoyn sta antibiotika.


    Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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