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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 06-12-22

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] K.Karamanlhs:Qa synexistoyn oi metarryqmiseis
  • [02] G.Papandreoy:O teleytaios proypologismos ths ND
  • [03] Arxise h megalh ejodos twn eortwn
  • [04] Al.Paparhga:"Antilaikh sympleysh" ND kai PASOK
  • [05] Ta hqh kai ta eqima se olh thn Ellada

    [01] K.Karamanlhs:Qa synexistoyn oi metarryqmiseis

    Me chfoys 166 yper enanti 134 kata, chfisthke to sxedio nomoy gia ton kratiko proypologismo oikonomikoy etoys 2007.

    Epi synoloy 300 chfisantwn boyleytwn, yper toy sxedioy chfisan oi boyleytes ths Neas Dhmokratias kai oi anejarthtoi boyleytes St. Papaqemelhs (Ab Qessalonikhs), kai P. Mantoybalos (Ab Peiraiws), enw katachfisan oi boyleytes toy PASOK, toy KKE kai toy Synaspismoy, kaqws kai oi anejarthtoi boyleytes G. Papantwnioy, St. Manos, kai A. Andrianopoylos.

    Oi boyleytes toy PASOK yperchfisan mono ta kondylia ths Proedrias ths Dhmokratias, enw oi k.k. Manos kai Andrianopoylos, ta katachfisan kai ayta.

    Kata thn penqhmerh syzhthsh toy proypologismoy milhsan 177 boyleytes, oi 14 eishghtes kai 23 melh toy ypoyrgikoy symboylioy, enw perysi, eixan milhsei 147 boyleytes, oi 14 eishghtes kai 24 ypoyrgoi kai yfypoyrgoi. To 2004 milhsan 127 boyleytes, 14 eishghtes kai 20 ypoyrgoi-yfypoyrgoi, to 2003 milhsan 119 boyleytes, 14 eishghtes kai 22 ypoyrgoi-yfypoyrgoi kai to 2002 elaban to logo 132 boyleytes, 14 eishghtes kai 20 ypoyrgoi-yfypoyrgoi.

    Chfo empistosynhs gia synexish twn metarryqmisewn se oloys toys tomeis zhthse o prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Karamanlhs, enw gia tis ekloges eipe oti apoteloyn sobarh ypoqesh. "Katalaba oti, estw kai me misologa, zhtate ekloges", eipe apeyqynomenos ston arxhgo ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs Giwrgo Papandreoy. ``Qa empaina ston peirasmo na apanthsw me mia rhsh poy leei: prosexete otan proballete aithmata, dioti eniote ginontai apodekta'', eipe o k. Karamanlhs kataxeirokrotoymenos apo toys boyleytes ths ND.

    Sxoliazontas thn prohghqeisa omilia toy k. Papandreoy, o k. Karamanlhs ejefrase thn apogohteysh toy, kaqws, anti protasewn, akoyse ``ybreis, krayges kai fwnes ojythtas kai dixasmoy'', oi opoies prodidoyn endeia oysias kai ftwxeia politikoy logoy. To symferon twn politwn kai h poiothta toy dhmosioy bioy ``den proagontai, oyte me aforismoys, oyte me akrothtes, oyte me ybreis, oyte bebaia me teixh dixasmoy poy epixeireite na orqwsete'', eipe xarakthristika.

    Jekaqarise malista oti ``an ola ayta poy lete, ta lete gia na mas tromajete, oneireyeste. An ta lete gia na mas empodisete na proxwrhsoyme to shmantiko ergo twn allagwn kai twn metarryqmisewn poy exoyme desmeytei na kanoyme, oneireyeste dyo fores. Kai malista oneira qerinhs nyktos''.

    O k. Karamanlhs eyxhqhke na parakoloyqhsan polloi Ellhnes thn omilia Papandreoy ``giati apoce anoijate monos sas to xronontoylapo ths Istorias kai apokalycate ti pragmatika presbeyete. Boleyteite, loipon, anamesa sta fantasmata toy xqes, poy eseis epixeireite na zwntanecete. H Ellada den exei anagkh apo fwnes toy parelqontos. Exei anagkh apo ergo, apo programmatismo, apo tolmh. Exei anagkh apo politikh poy koitaei mprosta. Emeis ayto kanoyme. Koitame mprosta. Proxwrame mprosta kai afhnoyme s' esas to xqes, th mizeria, tis akrothtes''.

    Apantwntas sthn apostrofh toy k. Papandreoy gia thn prosfygh stis kalpes, o k. Karamanlhs eipe pws "oi ekloges kai oi qesmoi einai poly sobarh ypoqesh. Eseis mporei na paizete. Egw den paizw. Emeis exoyme ergo na kanoyme, exoyme ergo na prowqhsoyme. Oi ekloges qa ginoyn sthn wra toys, otan qa oloklhrwsoyme to ergo ayto. Kai tote, pragmati, emeis qa poyme stoys polites: Krinete mas ap' to ergo mas kai apo ayto qa mas krinoyn. Opws qa krinoyn ki esas. Kai tote qa parete th dikh sas apanthsh''.

    Oso gia thn anafora toy k.Papandreoy peri bbproeklogikwn paroxwnbb, ejomologhqhke oti ``ayth thn bbtexnhbb den thn jerw. Den thn pisteyw. Den qelw na th maqw. Ayth thn bbtexnhbb thn afhnw stoys eidikoys. Giati eseis eiste diakekrimenoi episthmones, kat' epanalhch, se ayto to amartwlo paixnidi ths mikropolitikhs''. To mono poy dexqhke o k. Karamanlhs apo tis aitiaseis Papandreoy, einai oti ``eimai o sxediasths, o syntonisths kai o organwths ayths ths politikhs''. Kamarwnw, eipe o prwqypoyrgos, dioti ``einai ena ergo poy einai aparaithto na ginei sthn Ellada. Giati einai ena ergo poy achfa to ypotiqemeno politiko kostos. Giati emperiexei kai dyskoles apofaseis, alla sprwxnei thn Ellada sto dromo ths proodoy, ths prokophs, ths anaptyjhs, ths kardias ths Eyrwphs''.

    O k. Karamanlhs askhse epishs kritikh sta stelexh toy PASOK poy ``epimenoyn na prospoioyntai pws oyte hjeran, oyte emaqan, poia problhmata afhsan ston Topo. Prospoioyntai pws jexasan akoma ki ekeina poy elegan perysi kai propersi. Qymizw toys isxyrismoys pws ``den qa ftaname toys ryqmoys anaptyjhs poy skopeyame''. Kai omws! Toys jeperasame. Qymizw toys isxyrismoys gia to elleimma, tis ependyseis, thn anergia. Ginetai to antiqeto apb o,ti problepan''.

    O k. Karamanlhs, poy xarakthrise to 2007 ``xronia synexishs twn metarryqmisewn, alla kai xronia proetoimasias gia tis megales qesmikes metarryqmiseis, poy prokeitai na akoloyqhsoyn tis ekloges toy 2008'', zhthse th qetikh chfo ths Boylhs gia na ``synexisoyme thn ejygiansh ths oikonomias kai na apallajoyme th xwra apo ta problhmata kai tis paqogeneies, poy thn kratagan kaqhlwmenh sto xtes, fobismenh mprosta sto kainoyrio. Zhtw chfo synexishs ths metarryqmishs se oloys toys tomeis, sthn Oikonomia, stis domes toy Kratoys kai toy eyryteroy Dhmosioy Tomea, sthn Anwtath Dhmosia Ekpaideysh, sthn Ygeia kai to Periballon. Zhtw chfo empistosynhs sto dromo toy mellontos kai ths eyqynhs''.

    Opws eipe o k. Karamanlhs, o proypologismos toy 2007 apeikonizei jekaqara ton tropo me ton opoio petyxainoyme toys dyskoloys stoxoys gia thn meiwsh toy elleimmatos, thn apoklimakwsh toy dhmosioy xreoys, thn anqrwpokentrikh anaptyjh kai thn oikonomia twn eykairiwn. ``Einai ypodeigma hpias dhmosionomikhs prosarmoghs, alla kai qemelio neas anaptyjiakhs dynamikhs. Basizetai se realistikes probleceis, toso gia ta esoda, oso kai gia tis dapanes. Shmainei ajiopistia, synepeia, apotelesmatikothta''.

    Me ton proypologismo toy 2007 oloklhrwnetai h prwth kai dromologeitai h deyterh fash ths metarryqmishs sto forologiko systhma ths xwras, eipe o k. Karamanlhs, shmeiwnontas oti to aforologhto orio gia ta fysika proswpa ayjanetai apo ta 11.000 sta 12.000 eyrw, kaqws kai oti panw apo 3 ekat. polites den qa plhrwnoyn kaqoloy foro eisodhmatos, enw oloi oi forologoymenoi qa kataballoyn oloena kai ligoteroys foroys.

    Gia tis dapanes ths asfalishs kai ths periqalchs, eipe oti ayjanontai kata 13%, otan to synolo twn dapanwn ayjanetai kata 5,8%: ``Ejasfalizetai, etsi, epipleon koinwniko merisma 1,2 dis. eyrw, gia thn enisxysh twn oikonomika asqenesterwn: Oi desmeyseis mas gia thn ayjhsh twn syntajewn toy OGA, thn ayjhsh toy EKAS, thn ayjhsh toy katwtatoy epidomatos stoys anergoys, ginontai prajh'', eipe o k. Karamanlhs ypo thn epidokimasia twn boyleytwn ths sympoliteyshs.

    ``H metarryqmistikh strathgikh poy akoloyqoyme, paragei hdh ta prwta apotelesmata'', opws o ryqmos anaptyjhs poy eftase sto 4,4% kai to dhmosionomiko elleimma poy meiwqhke kata pente posostiaies monades kai perioristhke katw apo to 3%, enw ``oi ependyseis'', opws tonizei sthn teleytaia ekqesh ths h E.E., ``epistrefoyn kai pali sthn Ellada'', epishmane o k. Karamanlhs.

    O k. Karamanlhs tonise oti epilogh ths kybernhshs einai o dialogos gia tis metarryqmiseis: ``Yparxoyn periptwseis stis opoies ejantlhsame kaqe xroniko orio. Ayto, omws, den mporei na diaiwnizetai. Ston OTE, gia paradeigma, o nomos orise xroniko diasthma diaboyleyshs tesseris mhnes. Perasan enteka! Kai omws, otan hrqe to qema sth Boylh, o Arxhgos ths Ajiwmatikhs Antipoliteyshs to mono poy brhke na pei, einai oti ``proxwra se.... apoxwrhsh''. Kanenas kai pote den proxwra...apoxwrwntas. Den proxwra o Topos me praktikes poy apoblepoyn sthn politikh ojythta, sthn polwsh, sto fanatismo. Den proxwra me politikes steiras antidrashs''.

    Kapoioi, synexise o k. Karamanlhs, ``exoyn parejhghsei ton pragmatiko toys rolo ws Antipoliteysh. H Kybernhsh akoyei, syzhta, ajiopoiei kaqe gonimh idea. Tis telikes apofaseis omws, opws se kaqe Dhmokratia, tis pairnei h pleiochfia. Tis telikes apofaseis tis pairnei h Kybernhsh, me thn entolh kai th sthrijh twn politwn''. Epanelabe, de, oti ``den prokeitai na ypokycoyme ston aneyqyno laikismo, poy enantiwnetai se kaqe metarryqmish gia xarh ths synthrhshs. Den prokeitai, se kamia periptwsh, na qysiasoyme to symferon twn pollwn, se symbibasmoys me toys ligoys. Ekptwseis den ginontai poyqena. Synexizoyme aparegklita, apofasistika, atalanteyta, toso tis metarryqmiseis poy jekinhsame, oso kai to sxediasmo twn epomenwn''.

    Eidikotera gia th stash toy PASOK sto qema toy OTE, o k. Karamanlhs rwthse ean o k. Papandreoy jexase oti ``enw to programma toy kommatos toy gia ton OTE miloyse gia mia kai mono metoxh, oi kybernhseis stis opoies kai o idios symmeteixe, edwsan se idiwtes thn pleiochfia twn metoxwn toy; Mhpws twra, qa janagoraze tis metoxes poy oi idioi poylhsan; Mhpws, anti nb allajei ton Kanonismo toy OTE, qa allaze ekeinon ths Cosmote; Giati kai pros ti ayth h anapalaiwsh qesewn kai h antidrash sto syllogiko symferon;'', anarwthqhke o prwqypoyrgos.

    Telos, o k. Karamanlhs desmeythke proswpika yper ths thrhshs mias politikhs eyqythtas kai eyqynhs, poy yphretei to symferon olwn twn politwn. ``Den symbibazomai kai den symbibazomaste me th synthrhsh kai to laikismo. Den qysiazoyme to ofelos twn pollwn stis skopimothtes twn ligwn. Desmeysh mas einai na doyleyoyme gia thn Ellada, poy ginetai diarkws kalyterh. Thn Ellada poy proodeyei. Kaqe poliths, na exei perissoteres eykairies dhmioyrgias. Na jerei oti oi prospaqeies toy antameibontai. Na xtizei me aisiodojia to mellon toy kai to mellon twn paidiwn toy''.-

    [02] G.Papandreoy:O teleytaios proypologismos ths ND

    O proypologismos toy 2007 dieyqetei ypoxrewseis se sygkekrimena symferonta kai shmatodotei to telos ths qhteias ths kybernhshs. Einai o teleytaios proypologismos ths kybernhshs ths ND, anefere o arxhgos ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs kai proedros toy PASOK Giwrgos Papandreoy milwntas sth Boylh.

    ``H ND oloklhrwse ton kyklo ths. Oi ypoyrgoi sas eftasan na diakinoyn senaria gia prowres ekloges gia na kalycoyn tis adynamies toys. To dilhmma einai diko sas: Kante tis ekloges opote qelete k. Karamanlh'', prokalese ton Prwqypoyrgo o proedros toy PASOK.

    H ``kryfh atzenta'' ths diakybernhshs ths ND exei erqei plhrws sto fws, "se baqmo poy na einai adynatos o kallwpismos ths", eipe o k.Papandreoy. Mesa se tria xronia - tonise - exei ginei fanerh h anadianomh toy eisodhmatos twn politwn pros ofelos twn isxyrwn (``ofelos 1 dis. to xrono se eisodhmaties apo tis foroapallages sta mh anadianemomena kerdh'') kai h forologikh epibarynsh toys (``ayjhsate to forologiko baros panw apo 3 dis. to xrono''), h anasxesh ths anaptyjhs ths Perifereias (``meiwsate tis dhmosies dapanes sta epipeda toy 1996''), h ektinajh toy dhmosioy xreoys (``xrewsate kaqe Ellhna me epipleon xreos panw apo 4.500 eyrw'') kai toy elleimmatos toy emporikoy isozygioy (``ektinaxqhke sto 15% toy AEP'').

    Teleiws anajiopisth xarakthrise thn apotypwsh twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn ston Proypologismo o proedros toy PASOK: ``Metaqetete dapanes poy ekkremoyn me tokoys, ejafanizete ta xreh twn nosokomeiwn, mageireyete ta stoixeia gia thn anergia, briskete dikaiologies gia na sbhnete anergoys sta mhtrwa''. Oi metarryqmiseis, prosqese, apoteloyn katb oysian ``pelateiakes dieyqethseis'': ``H DEH kai ta ELTA eixan zhmies gia prwth fora sto prwto trimhno toy 2006. Phrate ton OTE kerdoforo kai toy fortwsate thn agora toy ``Germanoy'' gia na ton poylhsete fqhna, gia eispraktikoys logoys kai ejyphrethsh symferontwn'', kathgorhse thn kybernhsh o kos Papandreoy.

    ``Peite moy, ke Karamanlh, mia metarryqmish poy exete kanei, poy na wfelhse ton polith ths xwras mas, poy na beltiwse to eisodhma toy, poy na wfelhse th xwra. Den yparxei oyte mia. Arketa ta paramyqia peri metarryqmisewn. Hrqe h wra ths krishs, toy apologismoy'', ypogrammise o kos Papandreoy.

    Ojyteres hsan oi anafores toy proedroy toy PASOK gia ``epwash toy sygxronoy parakratoys sta kleista kyklwmata ths ejoysias'' kai gia ``anabiwsh qylakwn parakratikwn antilhcewn stoys kolpoys ths astynomias''. ``Oi koykoyloforoi ginontai, olws paradojws, olo kai pio asydotoi. Koykoyloforoi ekanan epiqesh ston Xrhsto Polyzwgopoylo. Koykoyloforoi astynomikoi kakopoihsan ton foithth sth Qessalonikh - kai an den yphrxe thleoptikh eikona, qa mas milagate gia th zarntiniera''. ``Katarghsate thn astynomeysh sthn ypaiqro kai kanete th megalh metarryqmish na kanete agrofylakh. Anasfaleia - alla gemizei astynomikoys h EYP. Gia na parakoloyqei poioys kai giati;'' anefere o kos Papandreoy.

    Aixmes epishs afhse o kos Papandreoy gia "eklogikes meqodeyseis" me thn eklogh toy Axillea Karamanlh ws boyleyth, thn qesmoqethsh toy 42% stis ekloges twn OTA kai thn meteklogikh prospaqeia gia allagh twn kanonismwn ekloghs ths hgesias ths KEDKE.

    Mexri tis ekloges, h kybernhsh exei mono mia dynatothta eligmoy, ton anasxhmatismo, eipe o proedros toy PASOK. ``Qa prospaqhsete na ``metarryqmisete'' thn kybernhsh sas. Qa diwjete toys apotyxhmenoys kai qa toys antikatasthsete me kainoyrgioys. Etsi qa omologhsete thn apotyxia sas. Den qa moy ekane entypwsh an antikatasthsete ton ko Alogoskoyfh me ton ko Soyflia. Qa eiste omws idioi, dioti einai idies oi idees sas, oi rizes sas kai oi politikes sas'', anefere o kos Papandreoy.

    O proedros toy PASOK proebh kai se tesseris kybernhtikes desmeyseis, yposxomenos, se prwto proswpo, ``na kybernhsei me eilikrineia kai diafaneia, xwris skies kai ejarthseis - me mono gnwmona to kalo toy topoy''. Oi desmeyseis aforoyn thn isotimh forologhsh twn merismatwn kai ths misqwths ergasias, th diafaneia sthn dianomh twn porwn, th diathrhsh toy strathgikoy roloy toy Dhmosioy ston OTE kai th DEH kai thn anadeijh twn megalwn proteraiothtwn toy kommatos, apo ton prwto kiolas Proypologismo.

    Me stoxoys to 5% epi toy AEP gia thn Paideia, to 1% gia thn ereyna kai thn kainotomia kai to 5% gia dhmosies ependyseis, o prwtos Proypologismos toy PASOK, opws eipe, qa katagrafei kondylia gia thn Paideia ayjhmena kata 1 dis. eyrw, enw antistoixes ayjhseis qa yparjoyn sthn ygeia, thn pronoia, thn apasxolhsh, thn ereyna kai tis dhmosies ependyseis.

    Apanthsh yp. Oikonomias

    Gia "baries koybentes" toy proedroy toy PASOK poy den synadoyn me ton politiko politismo ths xwras, ekane logo o ypoyrgos Oikonomias Giwrgos Alogoskoyfhs sxoliazontas thn omilia toy Giwrgoy Papandreoy.

    ``Oi polites exoyn mnhmh, qymoyntai poios ftaiei gia to xreos, gia tis meres toy Xrhmatisthrioy, gia to kommatiko kratos kai ta megala oikonomika kai koinwnika problhmata toy topoy'', shmeiwse o k. Alogoskoyfhs kai prosqese: "O kaqe poliths gnwrizei oti prepei na dinei 1.000 eyrw apo to ysterhma toy kaqe xrono gia na plhrwnontai oi tokoi toy xreoys poy dhmioyrghse to PASOK".

    Sth synexeia, o k. Alogoskoyfhs kathgorhse to PASOK oti arneitai thn pragmatikothta, gi' ayto kai katachfizei kaqe metarryqmish poy qelei na paei th xwra mprosta.

    ``Oi polites antilambanontai oti h kybernhsh ths ND htan apolyta synephs mazi toys, kaqws enisxyetai h koinwnikh synoxh me sygkekrimena metra. To PASOK arneitai thn anaptyjh toy topoy kai kanei o,ti mporei gia na meinoyn ta pragmata stasima'', tonise o k. Alogoskoyfhs kai katelhje legontas: ``Fetos apofasisate thn kindynologia kai thn katastrofologia. Qa meinete omws monoi sas. Emeis qa synexizoyme tis metarryqmiseis poy qa pane th xwra mprosta''.

    Apanthsh D.Sioyfa

    O ypoyrgos Anaptyjhs Dhmhtrhs Sioyfas kathgorhse ton proedro toy PASOK G.Papandreoy oti ypokyptei ston peirasmo na diagrafei ta idia poy sthliteye o idios.

    "Anapoda metrate kai to jerete. Alla to kanete mono gia logoys entypwsewn. Jexasate oti h megalyterh anadianomh ploytoy yper twn oligwn egine epi kybernhsewn sas. Qa yparjei kai deyteros kai tritos kai tetartos kyklos metarryqmisewn apo ayth thn kybernhsh poy qa thn empisteytei ek neoy o ellhnikos laos. Milaw gia tetraeties poy o ellhnikos laos qa empisteytei th ND. Den htan metarryqmish o anaptyjiakos nomos; H meiwsh twn forologikwn syntelestwn, oi allages sto xwro ths energeias, toy emporioy, pantoy se oloys toys tomeis, poy dinoyn ryqmo anaptyjhs 4,8%; Giati eseis ta mhdenizetai ola; Emeis den yposthrijame oti den afhse tipota to PASOK. Giati yposthrizete thn politikh poy odhghse sthn adraneia kai thn opisqodromhsh;'', tonise o k Sioyfas.

    Akoma, o ypoyrgos Anaptyjhs anaferqhke kai sta sxolia gia ton ypoyrgo Dhmosias Tajhs, kathgorwntas thn antipoliteysh oti genikeyei memonwmena epeisodia. ``Giati parapoieite tis apoceis akoma ki otan yparxoyn dieykrinhseis eilikrineias apo ton ypoyrgo Dhmosias Tajhs kai ektojeyete xarakthrismoys; H proqesh sas gia polwsh kai fanatismo einai to xeirotero laqos kai taytoxrona epikindyno. Einai h den einai aytonohto oloi na katadikazoyme energeies poy strefontai kata twn politwn; Den mporei enas ypoyrgos na zhta na enwsoyn th fwnh toys oloi enantia se aytes; Einai laqos ayto;'', ypogrammise o k. Sioyfas kai katelhje: ``Sth ND exoyme jekaqares qeseis. Sebomaste. Den prepei kanenas na paizei me tetoia qemata kai na jexwrizei toys Ellhnes''.

    [03] Arxise h megalh ejodos twn eortwn

    H megalyterh ejodos twn Xristoygennwn twn teleytaiwn etwn arxise apo thn Pempth. Xiliades ekdromeis egkataleipoyn tis megales poleis, ekmetalleyomenoi tis argies twn eortwn. Oi perissoteroi tajideyoyn pros thn eparxia kai to ejwteriko. Panw apo 250.000 Ellhnes qa ekdramoyn stis xristoygenniatikes eyrwpaikes prwteyoyses, se toyristikoys proorismoys kai ejwtika nhsia.

    Ayjhmenh qa einai tis epomenes hmeres h kinhsh sta aerodromia ths xwras, kaqws polloi qa perasoyn tis giortes sto ejwteriko kai se toyristika merh sto eswteriko.

    Sto aerodromio "Eleyqerios Benizelos" apo tis 22/12 ws tis 28/12 qa ginoyn perissoteres apo 300 ektaktes pthseis kai alles toses ektimatai oti qa ginoyn thn periodo ths Prwtoxronias.

    Pantws oi qiaswtes twn xeimerinwn spor poy sxediazan fetos na kanoyn leyka Xristoygenna se kapoio apo ta xionodromika kentra ths Eyrwphs kai ths Elladas mallon qa apogohteyqoyn, afoy h elleich xionioy einai prwtofanhs gia thn epoxh.

    Shmera h Troxaia qa labei ektakta metra kai stis dyo eqnikes odoys prokeimenoy na dieykolynei thn ejodo twn ekdromewn.

    O kairos paroysiazei epideinwsh kyriws apo th boreia Ellada. Sta hpeirwtika shmeiwnontai araies xionoptwseis, me xiononero kai broxes sta oreina kai pedina. Alysides xreiazontai ta aytokinhta poy kinoyntai ston eparxiako dromo Flwrinas - Kastorias mesw Bitsioy. H qermokrasia sth boreia Ellada den jeperna toys 5 baqmoys Kelsioy. Xionia anamenontai kai sta oreina ths Attikhs. Apo to Sabbato o kairos qa arxisei na paroysiazei stadiakh beltiwsh, enw thn paramonh kai thn hmera twn Xristoygennwn anamenetai arketh hliofaneia kai kryo.

    Ayjhmenh kinhsh se KTEL kai diodia Malgarwn Qessalonikhs

    Ayjhmenh htan xqes Pempth, h kinhsh ston yperastiko staqmo twn KTEL ``Makedonia'', kaqws einai polloi oi Qessalonikeis poy egkataleipoyn stadiaka th symprwteyoysa gia na perasoyn ta Xristoygenna sthn perifereia.

    H ejodos twn Qessalonikewn anamenetai na koryfwqei shmera kai to Sabbato, enw h Troxaia brisketai epi podos, gia thn asfalh metakinhsh twn ekdromewn.

    ``Eimaste panetoimoi na ejyphrethsoyme to epibatiko mas koino'', tonise sto APE-MPE o proedros toy yperastikoy staqmoy KTEL ``Makedonia'', Xrhstos Lioypas. Anefere oti eginan 20 ektakta dromologia, enw gia shmera Paraskeyh exoyn programmatistei 80 epipleon dromologia. Ayjhmenh kinhsh parathreitai kai sta diodia twn Malgarwn.

    Apo tis 6 to prwi ths Pempths ews arga to apogeyma, perasan apo ta diodia twn Malgarwn 12.500 aytokinhta, me kateyqynsh pros Qessalonikh, enw sto reyma ejodoy (pros Katerinh) 12.700 oxhmata. ``H ejodos twn ekdromewn anamenetai na koryfwqei thn Paraskeyh to apogeyma'', tonise sto APE-MPE o proistamenos twn diodiwn Malgarwn, Hlias Dhmopoylos. Symfwna me tis ektimhseis toy k. Dhmopoyloy, h megalyterh kinhsh gia shmera anamenetai sto reyma eisodoy, kaqws polloi Aqhnaioi qa protimhsoyn na perasoyn tis giortes sth Qessalonikh, th Xalkidikh, thn Kabala kai alles poleis ths boreias Elladas.

    [04] Al.Paparhga:"Antilaikh sympleysh" ND kai PASOK

    Epiqesh kai sta dyo megala kommata, ND kai PASOK, kathgorwntas ta gia "antilaikh sympleysh", ejapelyse h genikh grammateas toy KKE Aleka Paparhga kata th syzhthsh sth Boylh toy kratikoy proypologismoy gia to 2007.

    ``Kai h kybernhsh ths ND alla kai palaiotera toy PASOK exoyn thn idia logikh gia antilaikoys nomoys kai h monh diafora toys einai h xronikh sygkyria. To lewforeio sthn oysia kineitai sthn idia kateyqynsh'', tonise xarakthristika h k. Paparhga. Sth synexeia ekane logo gia "antilaiko tajiko proypologismo", enw prosqese oti oso paramenei se ayto ton ajona h oikonomikh politikh, den mporei se kamia periptwsh na kinhqei se filolaikh troxia h na paragei ``filolaiko merisma''.

    Emfash edwse h k. Paparhga kai sto arqro 16, yposthrizontas oti stoxos einai h idiwtikopoihsh ths anwtaths ekpaideyshs. Akoma, h genikh grammateas toy KKE, shmeiwse xarakthristika: ``Makari na yparxoyn tria kommata kai na exoyn tajikh diafora. Pateritsa emeis den qa ginoyme kanenos kommatos. Oyte ths ND gia na mhn gyrisei to PASOK, oyte toy PASOK gia na fygei h ND. Kai laqh kanoyme kai den exoyme to kokalaki ths nyxteridas. Den qa ginoyme omws efalthrio gia na zoyme thn enallagh twn dyo kommatwn. Den temneste mono sto arqro 16, alla se polla qemata''.

    Sxoliazontas tis dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy Dhmosias Tajhs B.Polydwra, h k. Paparhga epeshmane: ``To KKE paleyei xwris koykoyles prokeimenoy o ellhnikos laos na anatrecei kaqe antilaiko nomo. Den einai h prwth fora poy mphke zhthma nomimothtas, egine me thn episkech Klinton kai tis kinhtopoihseis twn agrotwn.''.

    Sto shmeio ayto kai anaferomenh stoys ``koykoyloforoys'' shmeiwse: ``Mhpws bazoyn aytes tis koykoyles gia na kryftoyn apo emas; Oi agwnistes den bazoyn koykoyles. Dhlwnoyme oti anagnwrizoyme thn typikh nomimothta twn nomwn, alla qa palecoyme gia na mhn mporeite na toys energopoihsete, otan qa exete ekatontades xiliades apenanti sas''.

    ``Den prokeitai na symmorfwqoyme me aytoys toys nomoys. Eimaste mesa sta oria ths nomimothtas, afoy otan enas laos apofasisei na pei thn teleytaia lejh toy, mporei na kanei paranomoys aytoys toys nomoys'', katelhje h k.Paparhga.

    Omilia Al. Alabanoy

    Emfash sta qemata ths paideias kai ta problhmata ths neolaias edwse o proedros toy SYN Alekos Alabanos kata th syzhthsh sth Boylh toy kratikoy proypologismoy gia to 2007, epikrinontas th kybernhsh gia thn politikh kai th stash ths.

    ``Gia th kybernhsh ths ND h neolaia apotelei mia dhmosionomikh dyskolia. Gia ton SYN einai phgh megaloy dhmosionomikoy kai koinwnikoy ploytoy'', tonise o k Alabanos, enw eidikh anafora ekane kai gia to arqro 16 shmeiwnontas: `` Exoyme tis mikroteres ekpaideytikes dapanes se sxesh me ta alla krath ths EE. Apoqewsh ths politikhs ths kybernhshs einai oi qeseis ths gia ta panepisthmia opoy blepoyme mayra korakia panw apo to ptwma toy dhmosioy panepisthmioy''.

    Kaystikos htan o k Alabanos gia tis dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy Dhmosias Tajhs, enw eperrice proswpikes eyqynes ston prwqypoyrgo legontas xarakthristika: ``Oi praktikes genikeymenhs astynomikhs bias, oi epikindynes nootropies se qylakes twn swmatwn asfaleias sth xwra mas ginontai dieqnes qema pleon. Exete thn proswpikh eyqynh. Gi' ayto kai to problhma den lynetai aplws me thn apomakrynsh toy ypoyrgoy Dhmosias Tajhs. Eseis exete thn eyqynh gia osa eginan. Ayto poy h kybernhsh apokalei eirwnika pezodromio, einai to qemelio ths dhmokratias. O SYN qa brisketai panta kai stoys dromoys kai sta pezodromia, oso h koinwnikh bia qa antimetwpizetai me ta MAT''.

    O proedros toy SYN ekane logo gia anhsyxia poy yparxei ston ellhniko lao, meta tis dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy, poy dhmioyrgoyn, opws eipe, klima enantia sto komma toy kai sto PASOK. ``Oi dhlwseis oti o proedros kai hgetika stelexh toy kommatos mas leitoyrgoyn ektos nomimothtas kai ektos koinoboyleytikoy plaisioy den exoyn janasymbei apo thn ptwsh ths diktatorias. Kai den mporoyme na ta doyme me katanohsh'', prosqese. "H ypoqesh poy orismenoi emfanizoyn kai ws kwmwdia, mporei na katalhjei se tragwdia ayrio''.

    Telos, o k Alabanos zhthse apo ton prwqypoyrgo na kanei strofh 180 moirwn stis metarryqmiseis aytes sthn politikh dhmosias tajhs.

    [05] Ta hqh kai ta eqima se olh thn Ellada

    Paramenoyn zwntana mesa sto xrono, oso kai an h zwh exei allajei. Qymizoyn stoys pio palioys kai didaskoyn stoys neoteroys, alles epoxes perissotero dyskoles alla kai pio anqrwpines. Tote poy to fws ths giorths enwnotan me th floga ths cyxhs kai elampe akoma pio dynato, kyriws apo thn anagkh twn anqrwpwn na zhsoyn kati to idiaitero, to jexwristo toytes tis Agies hmeres. Akoma kai shmera, kontra stoys kairoys kapoioi kratane zwntanes tis paradoseis kai tis mataferoyn apo genia se genia. Oi antapokrites toy APE-MPE sygkentrwse hqh kai eqima apo kaqe gwnia ths Elladas kai ta paroysiazoyn.

    Ta xristoygenniatika hqh kai eqima qa anabiwsoyn kai fetos se poleis kai xwria ths Boreias Elladas gia na ypodextoyn oi pistoi th gennhsh toy Qeanqrwpoy kai thn eleysh toy neoy xronoy.

    Sthn Flwrina, oi katoikoi ypodexontai th gennhsh toy Xristoy anabontas megales fwties stis 12 ta mesanyxta, poy symbolizoyn th fwtia poy anacan oi poimenes ths Bhqleem gia na zestaqei o neogennhtos Xristos. Fwties anaboyn epishs kai to brady ths Prwtoxronias.

    Sthn Pella anabiwnei to eqimo ths ``Kolinta Mpampw'' poy exei sxesh me th sfagh toy Hrwdh. Oi katoikoi ths perioxhs anaboyn to brady fwties fwnazontas ``kolinta mpampw'' dhladh ``sfazoyn giagia''. Symfwna me to eqimo oi fwties anaboyn gia na maqoyn oi anqrwpoi gia th sfagh kai na profylaxtoyn.

    Sth Siatista Kozanhs, thn periodo twn giortwn, qa anabiwsoyn ``kladaries'', ta ``kolianta'' kai ta ``mpoympoysaria''. Oi ``kladaries'' einai oi fwties poy anabontai kaqe xrono stis 23 Dekembrioy gia na zestanoyn ton Xristo. Ta ``kolianta'' einai ta kalanta sto topiko siatistino idiwma, enw thn hmera twn Qeofaniwn anabiwnoyn ta ``mpoympoysaria'', dhladh ta karnabalia me to kaqara siatistino Aibasiliatiko xoro.

    Ta Qeofania sth Makedonia anabiwnoyn ta eqima ragkoytsaria sthn Kastoria, fwtarades sth Xalkidikh, tzamalaria sthn Arnissa Pellas kai prodromites sthn Pieria, synqetontas to ``mwsaiko'' toy laikoy mas politismoy.

    ANATOLIKH MAKEDONIA

    Ta hqh kai ta eqima enos topoy martyroyn tis baqyteres anhsyxies twn anqrwpwn opws aytes apotypwqhkan sto perasma twn xronwn. Sthn eyryterh perioxh ths anatolikhs Makedonias oi katoikoi - h pleionothta twn opoiwn exoyn rizes stis alhsmonhtes patrides toy Pontoy kai ths Mikras Asias - gnwrizoyn pws na sebontai tis paradoseis toys, afoy se aytes exoyn apotypwqei h istoria, oi agwnes alla kai oi anhsyxies toy topoy toys.

    Apo oloklhrh thn anatolikh Makedonia idiaitero endiaferon paroysiazei h politistikh paradosh toy nomoy Dramas, me thn ploysia laografia toy, ta hqh kai ta eqima, tis giortes kai ta dionysiaka drwmena poy pragmatopoioyntai oles tis epoxes toy xronoy kai idiaitera ta Qeofaneia. S' aytes tis ekdhlwseis prwtagwnistoyn oi metamfiesmenoi me koydoynia kai probies zwwn, oi xoroi, ta tragoydia kai oi diafores anaparastaseis.

    To eqimo twn Araphdwn anabiwnei kaqe xrono, stis 6 Ianoyarioy, sto Monasthraki, to opoio apexei apo thn polh ths Dramas molis 4 xlm. To synantame epishs kai sta xwria Bwlakas, Petroysa kai Jhropotamos. To idio eqimo anabiwnei kaqe xrono kai sth Nikhsianh toy Dhmoy Paggaioy sto nomo Kabalas.

    Oi Mwmogeroi, ena eidos laikoy paradosiakoy qeatroy, anabiwnei stoys Sitagroys kai Platania, xwria opoy yparxoyn prosfyges apo ton Ponto. H onomasia Mwmogeroi proerxetai apo tis lejeis mimos kai geros, apo tis mimhtikes kinhseis poy kanoyn oi prwtagwnistes me morfh gerontikwn proswpwn. Oi parastaseis pragmatopoioyntai olo to Dwdekahmero (Xristoygenna, Prwtoxronia kai Qeofania).

    Sto nhsi ths Qasoy mexri shmera akoma oi oikogeneies kratoyn ena poly palio eqimo einai to spordisma twn fyllwn kai ginetai ws ejhs: Kaqontai oloi gyrw apo to anammeno tzaki, traboyn thn anqrakia pros ta ejw kai rixnoyn gyrw st' anammena karboyna, fylla elias, bazontas sto noy toys apo mia eyxh, xwris omws na thn poyn stoys alloys. Opoioy to fyllo gyrisei perissotero, ekeinoy qa pragmatopoihqei kai h eyxh toy.

    Sto Dhm. Diamerisma Myrtofytoy toy Dhmoy Eleyqerwn sth dytikh akth toy nomoy Kabalas thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias anabiwnei ena eqimo poy exei tis rizes toy sthn Toyrkokratia. Ta agoria poy qa fygoyn stratiwtes mesa sth nea xronia sygkentrwsoyn megales stoibes apo jyla sthn plateia. Thn paramonh toy neoy xronoy qa anacoyn mia entypwsiakh fwtia poy qa jepernaei ta tria metra celnontas ta kalanta. Stis dwdeka akribws, me to xtyphma toy rologioy ths ekklhsias, jekinaei ena paradosiako glenti me tsipoyro kai glyka.

    Sthn polh ths Kabalas, polloi katoikoi diathroyn akoma kapoia apo ta eqima poy eferan mazi toys oi prosfyges apo thn Anatolikh Qrakh, opws to spasimo toy rodioy mprosta sthn eisodo toy spitioy gia kalh tyxh, alla kai h metafora mias petras - synhqws apo to mikrotero melos ths oikogeneias - sto eswteriko toy spitioy gia na einai stereo to spiti kai gerh oloklhrh h oikogeneia th nea xronia.

    Telos, sto Dhm. Diamerisma Podoxwrioy toy Dhmoy Orfanoy sta dytika toy nomoy Kabalas, thn prwth mera kaqe neoy xronoy diathroyn akoma analloiwto to eqimo toy ``podarikoy'' opoy ta pio mikra paidia episkeptontai ola ta spitia toy oikismoy mpainontas mesa se ayta me to deji podi, lene eyxes stoys noikokyrhdes toy spitioy kai dexontai glyka kai dwra.

    QRAKH

    Me qemata poy proerxontai toso apo thn sygxronh pragmatikothta oso kai apo thn laikh paradosh, oi katoikoi ths Alejandroypolhs symmetexoyn kai fetos stis ``Xristoygenniatikes Giortes'' poy diorganwnei o dhmos.

    To programma perilambanei plhqos ekdhlwsewn: qeatrikes parastaseis, byzantina kalanta kai xristoygenniatikoys ymnoys, ekqeseis, eqima, tragoydia, xoroys, metamfieseis, jylopodaroys, mpantes kai synaylies. Topos twn ekdhlwsewn apoteloyn to kentro kai oi geitonies ths polhs.

    Pera omws apo ta eortastika mhnymata, oi ''Xristoygenniatikes Giortes'' apoteloyn mia eykairia ypomnhshs ths ploysias se hqh, eqima kai tragoydia paradoshs ths Qrakhs. Apo ta eqima ayta jexwrizoyn ta polla xristoygenniatika tragoydia ths, gnwsta kai ws ``Roygkatsia'', kai edesmata opws ta ennia nhstisima faghta kai h ``mpampo''.

    STEREA ELLADA

    Gemata me eqima einai ta Xristoygenna kai h Prwtoxronia sthn Roymelh. Jekinoyn apo ton tropo me ton opoion qa sfajoyn ta goyroynia kai ftanoyn mexri to pantrema ths fwtias. Jekinoyn apo ta kalanta kai ftanoyn mexri to basilocwmo. Omws oi eyxes gia mia kalyterh xronia, kalyterh sodeia kai kalyterh prokoph einai aytes poy kyriarxoyn se kaqe ekfrash ths paradoshs.

    Ektos apo ta kalanta poy akoygontai se kaqe gwnia ths Roymelhs diathroyntai akomh orismena apo ta eqima poy paradosiaka metaferontai apo genea se genea kai dinoyn ena diaforetiko xrwma stis Agies toytes meres.

    Xoirosfagh: Sta oreina xwria ths dytikhs Fqiwtidas einai apiqano na mh synanthsoyme toylaxiston ena xoiro se kaqe spiti. Htan panta qema arxontias, koinwnikhs kai oikonomikhs epifaneias. H proetoimasia gia th sfagh toys jekina poly nwris afoy oi noikokyres einai ypoxrewmenes na broyn pleon ganwmath gia na ganwsoyn (na kasiterwsoyn) ta oikiaka skeyh poy einai anagkaia gia thn xoirosfagh. Twra omws ta pragmata einai diaforetika. Oi parees eginan mikroteres kai ta pragmata exoyn perissotero aplopoihqei. H xoirosfagh omws paramenei oloklhrh teletoyrgia afoy einai aparaithto na yparxei fwtia, karboyno kai libani kai thn wra ths sfaghs h noikokyra qa prepei na ta rijei panw sth sfagh enw sto stoma toy xoiroy bazoyn ena lemoni gia na menei anoixto kai na aerizetai.

    Otan telika teleiwsoyn toys xoiroys, oloklhrh h geitonia jekina ena glenti enw thn idia wra oi noikokyres jekinoyn na ftiajoyn ta loykanika kai tis "tsigariqres".

    To arrabwniasma ths fwtias: ginetai jhmerwmata twn Xristoygennwn thn wra poy o laos thn apokalei "anoixth wra". H noikokyra bazei ena megalo jylo sto tzaki kai symfwna me thn paradosh ekeinh thn wra o,ti zhthseis - bebaiws qa prepei na afora ta paidia kai oxi toys pantremenoys - mporei na ginei. Antiqeta to pantrema ths fwtias ginetai ta jhmerwmata ths prwtoxronias. Sto tzaki mpainoyn dyo megala jyla poy frontizei o noikokyrhs na einai isomerh gia na kaigontai to idio. Symfwna me thn paradosh ekeinh thn wra poy den allazei mono hmera, alla allazei kai xronos opoia eyxh h opoia katara kai an kanei o anqrwpos ayth qa piasei topo leei o laos. Ta sygkekrimena eqima ta synantame se para polla shmeia ths Roymelhs idiaitera omws sth dytikh Fqiwtida kai sthn oreinh Dwrida.

    To basilocwmo: To onoma toy prosdioristhke apo thn hmeromhnia katanalwshs. Trwgetai anhmera toy Agioy Basileioy apo opoy phre kai to onoma toy. Ektos apo aleyri oi noikokyres bazoyn mesa rebyqi alesmeno, basiliko kai nero kai panw toy dhmioyrgoyn diafora sxhmata kai parastaseis eite aytes aforoyn thn paragwgh eite thn ygeia eite thn oikogeneia. Meta to chsimo toy einai etoimo na kopei, thn wra toy faghtoy, to meshmeri ths Prwtoxronias. Parallhla me to basilocwmo oi noikokyres kanoyn kai ths Basilokoyloyres.

    QESSALIA

    TRIKALA: Polla apo ta xristoygenniatika eqima sto nomo Trikalwn exoyn xaqei sto perasma toy xronoy kai mono liga apo ayta kai se orismenes perioxes ta akoloyqoyn pista oi katoikoi. Ena apo pio xarakthristika eqima poy antexei akoma einai h legomenh "goyrnoxara". To kaqe spiti dhladh poy sfazei goyroyni proskalei oloys toys syggeneis kai filoys na fane kai na glenthsoyn mazi, enw se orismenes perioxes molis sfajoyn ton xoiro, h noikokyra pairnei enan tsigko, bazei epanw merika karboyna, rixnei kai ligo qymiama kai pernaei mprosta apo toys andres, poy briskontai g0yrw apo to sfagmeno goyroyni. Toys qymiatizei kai aytoi me to xeri toys aerizoyn thn fwtia kai lene thn eyxh: "Na to fate me ygeia kai toy xronoy megalytero". Epeita rixnei ta karboyna me to qymiama ston kommeno laimo toy goyroynioy gia na to qymiatisei ki ayto.

    Oi gynaikes sth synexeia etoimazoyn "thn lipa", "thn aleyria", kai ta loykanika, enw oi andres trwne thn perifhmh "thgania", pinoyn kai glentane, oloi mazi, giati ayto epitassei pista ayth h mera.

    Anhmera twn Xristoygennwn, agria xaramata, oi pistoi phgainoyn sthn ekklhsia ki epeita afoy teleiwsei h qeia leitoyrgia, se spitia kai ayles chnoyn "thn goyrnada", opoy to chsimo synodeyetai apo kalh parea, kyriws metajy syggenwn kai afqono krasi h tsipoyro me meze kai diafora glyka.

    Ta Xristoygenniatika kalanta ta paidia ta calloyn eite thn paramonh eite anhmera. Palaiotera h kaqe parea poy elege ta kalanta xtypoyse tis portes twn spitiwn me jyla kai molis h noikokyra toys anoige kateyqynontan sto tzaki kai anakateyan thn fwtia me to jylo, legontas eyxes gia th nea xronia.

    Xarakthristiko eqimo ths Prwtoxronias einai h basilopita. Oi gynaikes toy spitioy, kanoyn zymari sto opoio topoqetoyn nomisma, ena kommati klhma, axyro h xortaraki, mia mikrh petra opws ki ena sporo kalampokioy.

    Sto meshmeriano trapezi o noikokyrhs toy spitioy qa kocei th basilopitta afoy prwta th ferei treis fores gyrw sto taci. Sth synexeia qa thn moirasei se kommatia me seira hlikias se ola ta melh ths oikogeneias. Se opoion pesei to klhma qa exei polla stafylia, se opoion pesei h mikrh petra qa einai dynatos sthn ygeia toy, enw aytos poy qa petyxei to axyro h to xorto qa apokthsei polla zwa, aytos poy qa petyxei to nomisma qa ginei ploysios kai telos aytos poy qa petyxei ta kalampoki, qa kerdisei th fetinh sodeia.

    LARISA: Kaqws h laografia kai h paradosh sthn Ellada toy shmera synantwntai men, alla se ypolanqanoysa morfh, sta megala toylaxiston astika kentra, kai h Larisa kineitai se Xristoygenniatikoys ryqmoys, kratwntas men tis genikeymenes kai se polles periptwseis jenofertes paradoseis, alla xwris na paroysiazei eqima mias idiaiterhs eqimikhs taytothtas ths perioxhs. Enw se oti afora stis eyryteres drasthriothtes o Dhmos Larisaiwn einai aytos poy dinei to stigma me seira xristoygenniatikwn ekdhlwsewn diaskedastikoy kai filanqrwpikoy xarakthra. Apokoryfwma aytwn h megalh synaylia poy diorganwnetai paramonh ths Prwtoxronias sthn Kentrikh Plateia gia thn ypodoxh toy neoy etoys synodeyomenh apo kataigismo pyrotexnhmatwn.

    Wstoso kai sthn Larisa oi legomenoi "boylgaroprosfyges" -ellhnes poy hlqan apo thn Boylgaria- diathroyn zwntano to eqimo ths legomenhs "goyroynoxaras" poy exei na kanei me to sfajimo toy goyroynioy to opoio apotelei ena apo ta paradosiaka edesmata toy Xristoygenniatikoy trapezioy. H "teleth" synodeyetai kai apo ekdhlwseis kefioy kai glentioy kai anama fwtias. Bebaia h ?qysia toy xoiroy einai mia synhqeia poy threitai se ola ta ellhnika xwria, kaqws palaiotera kyriws antiproswpeye kai thn ejasfalish kreatos kai paragwgwn toy gia thn xronia, aplws oi "boylgaroprosfyges" poy genika diathroyn eqima kai paradoseis poy einai mpoliasmenes kai apo thn paramonh toys sthn Boylgaria dinoyn enan jexwristo xarakthra sthn thrhsh toy sygkekrimenoy eqimoy.

    KRHTH

    XANIA: Sth Dytikh Krhth se kaqe gwnia h paradosh zwntaneyei kai ta hqh kai ta eqima ths giorths den jexnioyntai.

    Ta paradosiaka kalanta thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn fernoyn stoys dromoys porta - porta toys pitsirikades, poy prin apo xronia mporei na epairnan apo to xeri toy noikokyrh kai ths noikokyras ena koyrampie h ena melomakarono, shmera bgainoyn stoys dromoys na ta poyn gia na to xartzhliki toys. Omades paidiwn kratwntas to paradosiako trigwno, thn Krhtikh lyra, h alla moysika organa xtypoyn tis portes apo nwris to prwi mexri kai arga to brady.

    Stis koyzines twn spitiwn ta sygklina to xoirino ta entosqia sto thgani to zymwto cwmi to brasto to Krhtiko pilafi, "kyriarxoyn" ths galopoylas. Sto trapezi ta patroparadota melomakarona kai koyrampiedes poy akoma kai shmera polles noikokyres ejakoloyqoyn na paraskeyazoyn sto spiti. Epishs se polla spitia synanta kaneis ta aygokalamara.

    H nhsteia toy 40hmeroy threitai akoma kai shmera eylabika, enw oi ekklhsies kai oi naoi kataklyzontai apo pistoys.

    Sthn sphlia toy Ai Giannh sthn Maraqokefala Kisamoy thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn teleitai Arxieratikh qeia leitoyrgia.

    H anaparastash ths fatnhs opoy gennhqhke o Xrhstos me probata, boskoys fwties shmantra kai to asteri na lampei sthn koryfh ths sphlias dinoyn idiaitero xrwma.

    Paliotera, apo thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn oi gewrgoi oi boskoi kai oi naytikoi elegan "pws paleygoyn oi kairoi, kai oi aerhdes poios qa gennhqei kai poios qa baptisqei''. Opoios gennhqei opoios dhladh yperisxysei kai bgei nikhths thn hmera twn Xristoygennwn, aytos qa yperisxysei mexri kai ta Fwta alla kai oloklhro ton kainoyrgio xrono.

    Pio palia to brady ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn ekoban kladia kai blastoys oi noikokyres kai ta phgainan sto spiti. Ta ebazan se pothri me nero kai prosmonoysan na anqisoyn.

    To prozymi to Xristocwmo eixan thn jexwristh qesh se kaqe spiti, enw to "anaqremma" toy xoiroy poy sfazontan thn paramonh kyriarxoyse sta perissotera xwria.

    Thn deyterh mera twn Xristoygennwn apo to kreas toy xoiroy paraskeyazan loykanika, apakia, phxth, sygklino, omaqies kai tsigarides.

    To "akoimhto" tzaki me ta megala koytsoyra ejakoyqei kai tis hmeres mas na dinei ton tono mias giorths oikogeneiakhs poy oloi anazhtoyn thn eytyxia ths gennhshs toy neoy xronoy poy erxetai. Oi palaioteroi elegan pws mesa apo thn aqrakia - thn staxth- mporoysan na mantecoyn ta melloymena. .

    HRAKLEIO: Polla einai ta eqima twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias sthn Anatolikh Krhth arketa apo ta opoia diathroyntai akomh kai shmera

    To xristoygenniatiko cwmi h Xristocwmo to ftiaxnoyn oi gynaikes me idiaiterh frontida kai ypomonh. Otan plasoyn to zymari, pairnoyn th mish zymh kai ftiaxnoyn mia koyloyra, enw me thn ypoloiph ftiaxnoyn ena stayro me lwrides kai ton topoqetoyn panw sto cwmi. Sto kentro bazoyn ena aspasto karydi kai sthn ypoloiph epifaneia sxediazoyn sxhmata me to maxairi h me to piroyni, opws loyloydia , fylla, karpoys ka .

    Gia to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, to Xristocwmo einai eyloghmeno cwmi. To koboyn anhmera ta Xristoygenna, antallassontas eyxes.

    Thn proparamonh twn Xristoygennwn thn Hmera twn Agiwn Deka sta xwria ths Anatolikhs Krhths esfazan toys xoiroys poy eixan anatrafei kyriws me belanidia, xoyma kai apofagia. Apo to sfajimo toy xoiroy den petoysan tipota. Apo to kreas paraskeyazan loykanika, omaqies, tsiladia me th xoirokefalh, apakia apo loyrides caxnoy kreatos kapnismenes sto tzaki, sygklina (kommatia kreas misobrasmena kai apoqhkeymena se kioypi) mazi me th glina (to lipos) poy ta bohqoyse na diathrhqoyn polloys mhnes ta mageireyan me patates. Epishs th glina (to lipos to xrhsimopoioysan ws ..boytyro) enw eftiaxnan kai ena glykisma apo ton xoiro thn legomenh jygkopitta.

    H "kalh xera" paramenei ena apo ta eqima ths Prwtoxronias opoy synhqizetai na dinetai ena xrhmatiko poso san dwro se paidia poy qa episkeftoyn kapoio spiti thn Prwtoxronia.

    To eqimo toy podarikoy kala kratei, afoy einai polloi aytoi poy anhmera ths Prwtoxronias bazoyn sto spiti toys mia petra gia na einai gero, enw alloi pali metaferoyn nero gia na trexoyn ta kala olo ton xrono san to nero.

    Telos sto Hrakleio yparxei kai to eqimo ths mpoygatsas. Oi Hrakleiwtes pistoi stis paradoseis katanalwnoyn anhmera ths Prwtoxronias megales posothtes mpoygatsas qelontas na einai glykia h prwth toys geysh.

    STA NHSIA TOY AIGAIOY

    DWDEKANHSA: Me idiaitero xrwma kai me diaforetika eqima apo nhsi se nhsi kai apo xwrio se xwrio giortazontai ta Xristoygenna kai h Prwtoxronia sta nhsia ths Dwdekanhsoy.

    Oi proetoimasies jekinoyn apo tis prohgoymenes meres twn Xristoygennwn kai koryfwnontai thn Prwtoxronia kai ta Fwta. Apo ta xarakthristika twn ekdhlwsewn einai oti oi katoikoi ths Dwdekanhsoy 40 hmeres prin apo ta Xristoygenna briskotan se nhsteia me skopo na proetoimastoyn gia th gennhsh toy Xristoy kai na apolaysoyn sth synexeia to Xristoygenniatiko trapezi. Kyrio faghto sta perissotera nhsia ths Dwdekanhsoy htan kai se genikes grammes paramenei, parallhla me th galopoyla ta teleytaia xronia, to chto xoirino kreas. Se arketa xwria ths Rodoy, to sfajimo toy xoiroy poy megalwnan oi oikogeneies ginotan se parees kai me eidikh ierotelestia. Apo ta Xristoygenniatika faghta htan epishs ta paradosiaka ?giaprakia? ta opoia den eleipan apo to trapezi. Se oti afora ta glyka toso sth Rodo oso kai sta ypoloipa nhsia to xarakthristiko einai oi diples, oi opoies ejakoloyqoyn na kataskeyazontai kai shmera.

    Thn Prwtoxronia ena apo ta eqima ta opoia kai shmera diathreitai einai to eqimo ths ?mpoyloystrinas?. Ta mikra paidia thn prwth hmera toy xronoy episkeptontai toys syggeneis (giagiades, pappoydes, qeioys, nonoys) kai pairnoyn apo aytoys xrhmatiko poso en eidei dwroy to opoio onomazetai mpoyloystrina. To eqimo ayto diathreitai mexri kai twra stis peissoteres perioxes ths Dwdekanhsoy.

    Apo ta ajioshmeiwta twn hmerwn einai oti thn hmera twn Xristoygennwn oi katoikoi ths Rodoy synhqizoyn na phgainoyn oikogeneiaka sthn ekklhsia kai amesws meta na episkeptontai toys hlikiwmenoys goneis kai pappoydes gia tis sxetikes eyxes.

    SAMOS: An kai ta eqima sth Samo aytes tis meres den diaferoyn apo ta eqima sthn ypoloiph Ellada wstoso polla einai ayta poy ta kratoyn akomh oi katoikoi, kyriws sta xwria.

    Tis meres twn Xristoygennwn ftiaxnoyn ta glyka gia na glykanoyn ton neogennhto Xristo enw sfazoyn ta xoirina gia na ftiajoyn thn legomenh "phxth", dhladh brasmeno xoirino kreas me lemoni poy to afhnoyn na phjei gia na to fane anhmera ta Xristoygenna.

    To prwi ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn ta paidia lene ta kalanta gia na paroyn xrhmata kai glykismata. Thn paramonh ths prwtoxronias ftiaxnoyn tis basilopittes kai anhmera bazoyn to rodi pisw apo thn porta gia na to spasoyn me to podariko wste na einai gemato eytyxia to spiti olo to xrono opws einai gemato kai to rodi.

    Thn paramonh apo nwris to prwi ta paidia lene ta kalanta enw anhmera to meshmeri phgainoyn thn "PROBENTA" ena piato me basilopita kai glyka stoys goneis qelontas na toys deijoyn thn agaph toys kai thn frontida toys enw ekeinoi qa toys dwsoyn thn legomenh "MPOYPISTRINA" dhladh xrhmata kai glyka.

    Thn paramonh twn Fwtwn ta paidia bgainoyn na poyn ta kalanta enw anhmera pane oloi mazi se mia Ekklhsia, ton Mhtropolitiko Nao (Monokklhsia) kai meta to telos ths leitoyrgias sxhmatizetai pomph poy ftanei sto limani opoy teleitai o agiasmos twn ydatwn.


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