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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 06-12-19

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Sto 8,3% meiwqhke h anergia
  • [02] Chfisma gia thn prostasia twn dhmosiografwn
  • [03] Embolio kata ths elonosias

    [01] Sto 8,3% meiwqhke h anergia

    Sto 8,3% anerxetai h anergia to g' trimhno toy 2006 se sxesh me to pososto 9,7% poy htan to antistoixo trimhno toy 2005, symfwna me thn Eqnikh Statistikh Yphresia (ESYE) ths Ellados. Ejalloy, to pososto toy ergatikoy dynamikoy sto synolo toy plhqysmoy, hlikias 15 etwn kai anw, einai 53,5% gia to g' trimhno toy 2006 pososto poy einai to ychlotero twn teleytaiwn etwn.

    H meiwsh ths anergias einai shmantikh kai apotypwnei me enargh tropo tis sxetikes prospaqeies ths kybernhshs, dhlwse shmera o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Qodwros Roysopoylos kai tonise oti trito trimhno toy 2006 h anergia meiwqhke sto 8,3%, apo 11,3% poy htan to 2004.

    Prosqese oti epeidh pisw apo toys ariqmoys briskontai oi anqrwpoi, ayto shmainei oti oi anergoi apo 530 xiliades poy htan, meiwqhkan stoys 400 xiliades, enw parallhla 250 xiliades sympolites mas exoyn pleon ergasia.

    H kybernhsh, shmeiwse, eixe desmeytei gia monochfio pososto anergias, den epiteyxqhke o stoxos gia ejaleich ths anergias, wstoso th meiwse shmantika. Tonise de oti den exei allajei o tropos me ton opoio ginetai h katametrhsh twn anergwn.

    Symfwna me thn ESYE apo thn kata omades hlikiwn diarqrwsh ths anergias, prokyptei oti to ychlotero pososto parathreitai stoys neoys hlikias 15-29 etwn. Sthn kathgoria ayth to pososto anergias anerxetai se 17,6%, enw eidika gia tis nees gynaikes to antistoixo pososto fqanei sto 25% toy energoy plhqysmoy.

    Se epipedo perifereias to megalytero pososto anergias parathreitai sth Dytikh Makedonia (14%), sthn anatolikh Makedonia kai Qrakh (10,2%), sthn Hpeiro (9,9%) kai sth Dytikh Ellada me pososto anergias 9,3%.

    Ston antipoda brisketai h Krhth me 4,7% kai to notio Aigaio me 5,3%.

    Sthn perifereia Attikhs h anergia katagrafetai sto 8% enanti toy 8,9% poy htan to g' trimhno toy 2005.

    Se oti afora thn anergia ws pros to epipedo ekpaideyshs shmeiwnetai oti to pososto anergias brisketai panw apo to synoliko pososto toy 8,3%, kyriws stoys apofoitoys Anwterhs Texnikhs Epaggelmatikhs Ekpaideyshs (11,2%) kai se osoys exoyn teleiwsei th Deyterobaqmia Ekpaideysh (9,4%).

    Ston antipoda me xamhlotero pososto anergias briskontai oi apofoitoi ths Tritobaqmias Ekpaideyshs 6,4%, kaqws kai stis kathgories toy plhqysmoy poy exoyn apolythrio Prwtobaqmias Ekpaideyshs (6,2%).

    Ejalloy, apo to synolo twn 408.190 anergwn, to 38,3% anazhta apokleistika ergasia me plhrh apasxolhsh, enw to 87,7% einai diateqeimeno na ergastei eite me plhrh, eite me merikh apasxolhsh.

    Se oti afora to pososto "twn newn anergwn", dhladh oswn eiserxontai gia prwth fora sthn agora ergasias anazhtwntas apasxolhsh, to pososto anerxetai sto 38,1% toy synoloy toys. Ejalloy, oi makroxronia anergoi, panw apo 12 mhnes anejarthta an einai (neoi h palaioi) anergoi apoteloyn to 58,5% toy synoloy.

    Telos, symfwna panta me thn ESYE to pososto anergias twn atomwn me jenh yphkoothta emfanizoyn pososto anergias 6,7% enanti toy 8,3% poy einai to synoliko pososto anergias.

    Apasxoloymenoi

    Kata to g' trimhno toy 2006 brhkan apasxolhsh 111 xiliades atoma, ta opoia htan anerga prin apo ena etos. Parallhla, peripoy 78 xiliades atoma metakinhqhkan apo ton oikonomika mh energo plhqysmo se qeseis apasxolhshs, enw alla 74.600 atoma, ta opoia ena xrono prin htan apasxoloymenoi, shmera einai anergoi.

    To pososto merikhs apasxolhshs paramenei xamhlo kai anerxetai sto 5,6% twn apasxoloymenwn, enw symfwna me thn ereyna ths ESYE ta atoma "merikhs apasxolhshs" se pososto 42,6% epelejan ayto ton tropo ergasias giati den mporesan na broyn plhrh apasxolhsh.

    Telos, shmeiwnetai oti apo ta atoma "merikhs apasxolhshs" to 12,2% frontizei mikra paidia h enhlikes.

    [02] Chfisma gia thn prostasia twn dhmosiografwn

    H Ellada kai h Gallia synergazontai stena gia thn yioqethsh chfismatos sto Symboylio Asfaleias twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn, to opoio qa prosferei prostasia stoys dhmosiografoys poy ergazontai stis empolemes zwnes kai stis perioxes krisewn, dhlwsan h Ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Ntora Mpakogiannh kai o presbhs ths Gallias sthn Aqhna Mproyno Ntele, se koinh synenteyjh Typoy sto ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn, paroysia ekproswpwn twn syndikalistikwn organwsewn twn MME.

    H idea, poy anhkei sth Dieqnh Omospondia Dhmosiografwn (DOD), prowqhqhke ton Septembrio sto Symboylio Asfaleias, kata th diarkeia ths ellhnikhs proedrias.

    ``Pisw apo to sxedio chfismatos poy syzhteitai aytes tis hmeres, yparxei mia seira epafwn kai diaboyleysewn poy paei enamisy xrono pisw'',dhlwse o dhmosiografos Nikos Meggrelhs, ekproswpwntas th DOD kai tonise oti xwris thn amesh antapokrish ths ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn den qa eixame ftasei toso konta sto chfisma.

    H ka Mpakogiannh,kanontas mia mikrh anadromh sthn prospaqeia, eipe oti ton perasmeno Septembrio, otan eixame thn proedria sto Symboylio Asfaleias, prowqhsame thn idea exontas thn yposthrijh enos monimoy meloys toy SA, ths filhs kai etairoy Gallias.

    Oi antidraseis twn loipwn melwn den mas apoqarrynan, me apotelesma tis hmeres aytes to sxedio apofashs gia thn prostasia, ws amaxwn politwn, twn dhmosiografwn stis perioxes twn enoplwn syrrajewn, na apotelei antikeimeno se baqos syzhthshs toy Symboylioy Asfaleias.

    Dikh mas protash, ths Elladas kai ths Gallias, tonise h ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn, einai na yioqethqei apofash, enw alla krath einai yper ths proedrikhs dhlwshs.

    ``Qelw na pisteyw oti to S.A. qa kanei ena apofasistiko bhma pros th swsth kateyqynsh kai qa steilei ena kaqaro kai oysiastiko mhnyma'', eipe.

    O Nikos Meggrelhs anefere oti to 2006 skotwqhkan 146 ergazomenoi sta mesa enhmerwshs, oi perissoteroi sto Irak kai ypogrammise thn ajia enos tetoioy chfismatos, to opoio qa dinei prwth fora ston GG twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn to dikaiwma na "parakoloyqei" toys qanatoys twn dhmosiografwn, na apodidei eyqynh stis kybernhseis kai na apaitei thn analhch drasewn.

    O presbhs Mproyno Ntele eipe oti to timhma poy plhrwnoyn oi ergazomenoi sta MME einai bary kai anefere oti to 2005 exasan th zwh toys 60 dhmosiografoi kai 75 to 2006, enw thn idia xronia sto Irak, ta qymata twn ergazomenwn synolika sta MME eftasan ta 130.

    H prwtoboylia gia thn prowqhsh apofashs toy SA antikatoptrizei thn kalh kai stenh synergasia twn dyo xwrwn mas, eipe o gallos presbhs, synergasia h opoia yparxei sta dieqnh fora kai tonise oti h Gallia exei epainesei thn poiothta kai thn eyfyia ths ellhnikhs diplwmatias kai kata thn dieth paroysia ths sto Symboylio Asfaleias.

    H Ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn xarakthrise thn prospaqeia gia thn prostasia twn dhmosiografwn stis perioxes syrrajewn kai krisewn, ``to kalytero epistegasma ths dietoys symmetoxhs ths Elladas sto SA'' kai ekleise thn omilia ths afierwnontas aythn thn prospaqeia ``sth mnhmh toy Giannh E. Diakogiannh, enos dhmosiografoy poy eixe idanika, poy pisteye sth doyleia toy kai panw ap' ola poy den fobhqhke pote''.

    [03] Embolio kata ths elonosias

    Amerikanoi episthmones aneptyjan ena peiramatiko embolio poy ejoydeterwnei to parasito to opoio eyqynetai gia th sobaroterh morfh elonosias, symfwna me mia meleth poy dhmosieyetai sta Praktika ths Akadhmias Episthmwn twn HPA (PNAS).

    To embolio epitiqetai sto Plasmodium falciparum, ena mikroskopiko parasito toy enterikoy swlhna twn koynoypiwn kai mplokarei ton pollaplasiasmo toy kai epomenws th metadosh ths asqeneias. Wstoso, den prosferei amesh prostasia sthn periptwsh poy kapoios tsimphqei apo ena koynoypi-forea.

    Oi episthmones twn Eqnikwn Institoytwn Ygeias twn HPA (NIH) entopisan mia prwteinh sto parasito kai thn tropopoihsan me th bohqeia allwn prwteinwn. Otan thn epanhseigagan se ena pontiki, h tropopoihmenh prwteinh dhmioyrghse poly anqektika antiswmata.

    Ypologizetai oti 500 ekatommyria anqrwpoi pasxoyn apo elonosia kai oti perissotera apo ena ekatommyrio paidia peqainoyn kaqe xrono sthn Afrikh apo thn asqeneia ayth. H sobaroterh morfh ths asqeneias prokaleitai apo to parasito Plasmodium falciparum to opoio, molis breqei ston anqrwpino organismo egkaqistatai sto hpar, pollaplasiazetai kai katastrefei ta eryqra aimosfairia.


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