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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 06-12-06

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] ``H ellhnikh oikonomia jefyge apo thn eikonikh pragmatikothta''
  • [02] Pros deytero kyklo metarryqmisewn
  • [03] Oi Ellhnas dhlwnoyn xaroymenoi kai hremoi

    [01] ``H ellhnikh oikonomia jefyge apo thn eikonikh pragmatikothta''

    O antiproedros kai ypoyrgos Amynas Sergkei Ibanof, synodeyomenos apo ton k. Meimarakh,qa episkefqei stis 9.00 to prwi ton prwqypoyrgo, sto Megaro Majimoy. Sth synexeia, o k.S.Ibanof qa metabei sto ypoyrgeio Eqnikhs Amynas, opoy qa exei synanthsh me thn politikh kai th stratiwtikh hgesia.

    Sthn atzenta twn synomiliwn toy antiproedroy ths rwsikhs kybernhshs sthn Aqhna, einai h katastash asfaleias sta Balkania, h stratiwtikh kai amyntikotexnikh synergasia metajy twn dyo xwrwn kai genikotera oi dimereis sxeseis kai oi prooptikes dieyrynshs toys.

    H metarryqmistikh strathgikh synexizetai staqera, aparegklita, entatika, me apaithsh kai me sthrijh ths koinwnias, tonise o k.Kwstas Karamanlhs milwntas, xqes, sto 17o ethsio synedrio toy Ellhnoamerikanikoy Emporikoy Epimelhthrioy me qema :"H wra ths Ellhnikhs Oikonomias".

    H ellhnikh oikonomia jefyge apo thn eikonikh pragmatikothta, apekthse stoxoys kai strathgikh, apekthse nea rota ypogrammise o prwqypoyrgos kai prosqese oti " den eimaste akomh sthn katastash poy qeloyme kai dikaioytai h xwra, xreiazetai synexeia kai synepeia stis metarryqmiseis poy jekinhsame, xreiazontai oloena kai pio grhgoroi ryqmoi, h metarryqmistikh strathgikh synexizetai staqera, aparegklita, entatika me apaithsh alla kai sthrijh ths koinwnias".

    Akoloyqws o k. Karamanlhs anaferqhke sthn koryfaia metarryqmish ths oikonomikhs politikhs, sthn forologikh metarryqmish poy mpainei twra sthn deyterh fash ths. Ejhghse oti ayjanetai to aforologhto orio, meiwnontai oi forologikoi syntelestes gia ta fysika proswpa kai qespizontai metra koinwnikhs frontidas enw problepetai taytoxrona shmantikh aploysteysh twn diatajewn toy kwdika bibliwn kai stoixeiwn wste na perioristoyn oi grafeiokratikes diadikasies kai na meiwqei to kostos poy synepagontai.

    Basiko stoixeio sth nea oikonomia, epeshmane o k. Karamanlhs, einai h synexish twn apokratikopoihsewn. Ypogrammise oti h kybernhsh dinei amesh proteraiothta sthn anazhthsh strathgikoy ependyth gia ton OTE wste na enisxyqei o antagwnismos kai na beltiwqei h poiothta twn yphresiwn me plhrh diasfalish twn eqnikwn symferontwn. Anaferqhke kai sthn peraiterw apokratikopoihsh toy taxydromikoyTamieythrioy kai ths Agrotikhs Trapezas. Ejetazetai epishs h dynatothta diaqeshs metoxwn poy exoyn sthn katoxh toys to Taxydromiko Tamieythrio kai to Tameio Parakataqhkwn ths Trapezas Attikhs. Ejetazetai de kai h plhrhs apokratikopoihsh toy kazinoy ths Parnhqas.

    Meizonos shmasias gia to epomeno diasthma einai h plhrhs efarmogh toy qesmikoy plaisioy gia thn ejygiansh twn DEKO me stoxo na mpei fragmos sthn kataspatalhsh dhmosiwn porwn, na beltiwqei h poiothta twn yphresiwn toys kai na epiteyxqei h kalyterh dynath ejyphrethsh toy polith. Idiaiterh shmasia, eipe o prwqypoyrgos, exei gia thn anaptyjh kai thn poiothta zwhs h metarryqmistikh strathgikh ston tomea ths energeias me stoxoys thn apeleyqerwsh ths energeiakhs agoras, thn proselkysh megalwn ependysewn, thn ajiopoihsh twn ananewsimwn phgwn energeias, twn periorismo ths petrelaikhs ejarthshs ths xwras kai thn prostasia toy periballontos.

    O k. Karamanlhs dhlwse oti basikh proteraiothta gia to epomeno diasthma einai h anabaqmish ths leitoyrgias kai toy ergoy poy paragei h tritobaqmia dhmosia ekpaideysh. "Eimastan kai eimaste se diarkh dialogo gia na spasoyme oloi mazi ton faylo kyklo ths stasimothtas kai ths synthrhshs, na dwsoyme th dynatothta sto dhmosio Panepisthmio na anabaqmistei na anagennhqei kai na parexei ychloy epipedoy ekpaideysh, na endynamwqoyn oi desmoi anamesa sta Panepisthmia kai sta antistoixa idrymata toy ejwterikoy kaqws epishs me thn epixeirhmatikh koinothta kai thn koinwnia".

    O k. Karamanlhs kata th diarkeia ths omilias toy askhse kritikh stis prohgoymenes kybernhseis gia thn katastash poy paredwsan sthn oikonomia kai tonise ta apotelesmata ths metarryqmistikhs strathgikhs poy dromologhse h kybernhsh ths Neas Dhmokratias.

    Eidikotera anefere oti o ryqmos anaptyjhs einai apo toys ychloteroys sthn Eyrwzwnh kai to trito trimhno toy xronoy eftase sto 4,4 % . O toyrismos ystera apo mia pentaetia ptwtikwn tasewn katagrafei shmantikh ayjhsh afijewn poy perysi eftase to 7%. O plhqwrismos para thn dysmenh epidrash apo tis dieqneis times toy petrelaioy perioristhke katw apo to 3%. Oi ameses jenes ependyseis toys prwtoys oktw mhnes sxedon dekaplasiasthkan se sxesh me perysi jepernwntas ta 3,5 dis eyrw enw oi synolikes ependyseis to prwto ejamhno toy xronoy exoyn ayjhqei perissotero apo 10%.

    H Ellada katelhje o prwqypoyrgos kineitai me anoiktoys orizontes kai anaptyssei sxeseis synergasias me oloys toys geitones ths, me tis xwres ths NA Eyrwphs, ths Mesogeioy kai tis xwres ths Asias poy bgainoyn dynamika sthn pagkosmia agora ajiopoiwntas thn oikonomikh diplwmatia.

    Eidikh anafora ekane sthn ellhnoamerikanikh oikonomikh kai emporikh synergasia anaferontas oti to 2005 oi eisagwges apo tis HPA eftasan sto ena dis eyrw enw oi ejagwges sta 700 ekatommyria kai prosqese oti paroti yparxei elleimma 300 ekatommyriwn eyrw sto emporiko isozygio h amerikanikh agora paroysiazei megales eykairies gia tis ellhnikes epixeirhseis.

    [02] Pros deytero kyklo metarryqmisewn

    Symfwnia metajy toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn kai toy Anaptyjiakoy Programmatos twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn (UNDP), gia to Programma Prowqhshs toy Emporioy kai twn Ependysewn ston Eyjeino Ponto, qa ypogracei to prwi o o k. G.Alogoskoyfhs.

    O prwtos kyklos metarryqmisewn oloklhrwnetai sto telos ayths ths tetraetias kai sth synexeia qa zhthqei h chfos toy laoy gia na proxwrhsoyme sto deytero kyklo twn metarryqmisewn, anefere, xqes, o k. Giwrgos Alogoskoyfhs kata th diarkeia toy synedrioy "International Banking Forum" toy Economist me qema thn oikonomia, tis trapezikes drasthriothtes kai th Notioanatolikh Eyrwph, poy pragmatopoieitai se kentriko jenodoxeio twn Aqhnwn. Taytoxrona o k.Alogoskoyfhs synesthse stis trapezes na meiwsoyn ta periqwria kerdoys apo ta epitokia kai tis alles trapezikes yphresies.

    Sta epomena xronia, shmeiwse o k. Alogoskoyfhs, mporoyme na apoblepoyme se ychloys ryqmoys anaptyjhs, ayjhsh ths apasxolhshs kai enisxyshs ths koinwnikhs synoxhs. Kai prosqese oti synexizetai me synepeia kai ypeyqynothta to metarryqmistiko programma ths kybernhshs.

    Ejalloy o ypoyrgos Oikonomias anaferomenos sto trapeziko systhma to xarakthrise'' kykloforiako systhma ths oikonomias ''kai eipe oti prokeitai gia enan ygih paragwgiko tomea. Kai prosqese oti oi trapezes kainotomoyn me ta proionta poy parexoyn. O antagwnismos sto trapeziko systhma enteinetai kai leitoyrgei pros ofelos twn epixeirhsewn kai twn noikokyriwn kai gi ayto h proodos ofeiletai se megalo baqmo sthn enisxysh ths antagwnistikothtas.

    O k. Alogoskoyfhs anaferqhke epishs stis diarqrwtikes allages kai tis metarryqmiseis, stis apokratikopoihseis twn trapezwn, thn ejygiansh ths ATE prosqetontas oti ola ayta diamorfwsan synqhkes gia ena kalytero trapeziko systhma. Oi allages kai oi metarryqmiseis qa synexistoyn me thn peraiterw apokratikopoihsh toy Taxydromikoy Tamieythrioy kai ths ATE , eipe o k. Alogoskoyfhs kai ypenqymise thn yposthrijh ths kybernhshs sthn epektash ths Eqnikhs Trapezas sthn Toyrkia, xarakthrizontas thn epektash ws kosmoistoriko gegonos. Kai prosqese oti h kybernhsh qa yposthrijei analoges prwtoboylies twn ellhnikwn trapezwn.

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomias anaferqhke epishs sthn orath beltiwsh, opws eipe, ths poreias ths ellhnikhs oikonomias alla kai stis prooptikes ths poy dianoigontai. Epishs, anaferqhke sth meiwsh twn elleimmatwn, sthn ayjhsh toy AEP , h opoia eftase to g'trimhno toy 2006 to 4,4%, sth meiwsh ths anergias poy symfwna me ta teleytaia diaqesima stoixeia exei meiwqei sto 8,8% kai sthn ayjhsh twn ejagwgwn h opoia efqase to 20% , to 9mhno Ianoyarioy - Septembrioy toy 2006. H Ellada, prosqese, mpainei pleon sta ependytika sxedia twn megalwn organismwn kai ayth h proodos synteleitai mesw qetikwn stoixeiwn alla kai antijoothtwn, opws einai h ayjhsh twn timwn toy petrelaioy kai oi xamhloi ryqmoi anaptyjhs ths Eyrwzwnhs. To programma metarryqmisewn dhmioyrgei proypoqeseis gia diarqrwtikes allages se olo to fasma ths oikonomias. To metarryqmistiko programma qa synexistei me synepeia kai ypeyqynothta, eipe o k. Alogoskoyfhs.

    O k. Alogoskoyfhs, apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh, dhlwse pws yparxoyn periqwria gia na meiwqei h diafora metajy twn epitokiwn xorhghsewn kai kataqesewn twn trapezwn. Eidikotera, opws epishmane o ypoyrgos, yparxoyn akomh periqwria na meiwqei ki allo h diafora twn epitokiwn, epeidh yparxoyn periqwria gia pio apotelesmatiko antagwnismo kai pio apotelesmatikh leitoyrgia twn trapezikwn idrymatwn, ta opoia polles fores, logw problhmatwn toy parelqontos, akomh xarakthrizontai apo ychlo kostos leitoyrgias, kati poy exei antanaklash kai sta periqwria epitokiwn poy diathroyn.

    [03] Oi Ellhnas dhlwnoyn xaroymenoi kai hremoi

    O mesos Ellhnas dhlwnei pws ton perissotero kairo niwqei xaroymenos kai hremos, enw parallhla omologei pws syxna niwqei koyrasmenos kai exei entash, symfwna me thn eyrwpaikh dhmoskophsh Eyrwbarometro me qema thn cyxikh eyejia twn eyrwpaiwn politwn, poy dhmosieythke xqes stis Bryjelles.

    Sygkekrimena, to 61% twn erwthqentwn Ellhnwn, dhlwnoyn oti ton perissotero kairo einai xaroymenoi, to 58% dhlwnoyn hremoi, to 56% gematoi zwh kai to 65% gematoi energeia. Parallhla, to 36% dhlwnoyn pws exoyn entash kai to 30% dhlwnoyn koyrasmenoi. Perissotero xaroymenoi kai hremoi dhlwnoyn oi eyrwpaioi me 65% kai 63% antistoixws, alla parallhla dhlwnoyn pws exoyn megalyterh entash se sxesh me toys Ellhnes (50%) kai pws einai koyrasmenoi (34%).

    Sxetika me thn ereyna poy diejhxqh gia thn cyxikh eyejia twn Eyrwpaiwn, o Epitropos armodios gia qemata ygeias, Markos Kyprianoy, dhlwse: ``H shmasia ths cyxikhs ygeias prepei na anagnwristei perissotero. H kalh cyxikh ygeia toy plhqysmoy apotelei proypoqesh gia thn epityxia ths EE sthn oikonomia ths gnwshs. H katastash twn atomwn me problhmata cyxikhs ygeias apotelei deikth toy epipedoy apoysias apokleismwn stis koinwnies ths EE''. Epipleon, h Epitroph ypogrammizei sth anakoinwsh ths oti ta problhmata cyxikhs ygeias exoyn arnhtika apotelesmata sthn epaggelmatikh zwh kai stis koinwnikes sxeseis twn eyrwpaiwn politwn. Parallhla, epishmainei oti oi gynaikes, oi hlikiwmenoi, oi syntajioyxoi kai ta atoma poy asxoloyntai me oikiaka einai ekeinoi poy aisqanontai perissotero dysaresta, toso apo swmatikh oso kai apo cyxologikh apoch.

    Symfwna me to Eyrwbarometro, oi Ellhnes sthn pleionothta toys (57%) dhlwnoyn oti ta cyxika h synaisqhmatika problhmata den ephreazoyn thn ergasia toys. Parallhla, to 24% twn Ellhnwn dhlwnoyn pws spania ephreazoyn thn ergasia toys, to 15% pws thn ephreazoyn merikes fores kai to 6% pws thn ephreazoyn tis perissoteres fores. Epipleon, logw cyxikwn h synaisqhmatikwn problhmatwn, to 24% twn Ellhnwn dhlwnoyn oti apodidoyn ligotero sthn ergasia toys, to 22% oti den einai to idio prosektikoi , to 13% oti einai ligotero drasthrioi kai to 6% oti apoysiazei apo thn ergasia toy.

    Se o,ti afora thn epidrash twn cyxikwn h synaisqhmatikwn problhmatwn twn Ellhnwn stis koinwnikes toys epafes, to 55% apantoyn oti den tis ephreazoyn kaqoloy, to 22% oti tis ephreazoyn spaniws, to 15% merikes fores kai to 6% tis perissoteres fores. Epishs, treis stoys pente Eyrwpaioys (60%) dhlwnoyn oti den eixan pote problhmata me koinwnikes drasthriothtes opws h episkech se filoys h syggeneis logw cyxikwn problhmatwn.

    Se o,ti afora thn frontida kai th qerapeia twn cyxikwn problhmatwn, to 13% twn Ellhnwn, alla kai twn eyrwpaiwn politwn dhlwnoyn oti ton perasmeno mhna zhthsan th bohqeia eidikoy, prokeimenoy na antimetwpisoyn kapoio cyxiko problhma. Sthn Ellada, to 4% oswn paroysiazan cyxika problhmata elaban farmaka, to 2% ekane cyxoqerapeia kai to 1% noshleythke se nosokomeio. Ta antistoixa pososta sthn Eyrwph einai 7%, 3% kai 1%.

    Epishs, symfwna me to Eyrwbarometro, oi perissoteroi Ellhnes (62%) otan aisqanontai asxhma anazhtoyn yposthrijh apo thn oikogeneia toys, to 46% anazhtoyn yposthrijh apo kapoio eidiko kai to 28% apo filo. Se o,ti afora toys eyrwpaioys polites, oi perissoteroi (53%) apeyqynontai sthn oikogeneia, to 50% apeyqynetai se eidikoys kai to 22% se filoys.

    Telos, se o,ti afora to stigmatismo twn atomwn me cyxika problhmata, oi Ellhnes fainontai ligotero anektikoi se sxesh me to meso oro twn eyrwpaiwn politwn. Sygkekrimena, to 77% twn Ellhnwn pisteyoyn oti ta atoma me problhmata cyxikhs ygeias einai aproblepta, enanti 63% twn eyrwpaiwn politwn. Epishs, to 42% twn Ellhnwn pisteyoyn oti ta atoma me cyxika problhmata apoteloyn kindyno gia toys alloys, enanti 37% twn eyrwpaiwn politwn. To 24% twn Ellhnwn pisteyoyn oti ta atoma me cyxika problhmata ta den qerapeyontai pote, enanti 21% twn eyrwpaiwn kai to 21% pisteyoyn oti ta idia ta atoma me problhmata cyxikhs ygeias eyqynontai gia thn katastash toys, enanti 14% twn eyrwpaiwn politwn.


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