BY THE HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
OF COUNTRIES OF SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE
We, the Heads of State and Government of countries of South Eastern Europe
President Kiro Gligorov, President Slobodan Mlilosevic. Prime Minister
Victor Ciorbea, Prime Minister Ivan Kostov, Prime Minister Fatos Nano,
Prime Minister Costas Simitis and Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz, and the
Ministers of Foreign Affairs Mr. Ismail Cem, Mr. Blagoj Handziski, Mrs.
Nadezhda Mihaylova, Mr. Paskal Milo, Mr. Milan Milutinovic, Mr. Theodoros
Pangalos, Mr. Adrian Sevenir and the Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs
Mr. Mihovil Malbasic, participating as an Observer,
representing the freely elected governments of the South - Eastern Europe
peoples met for the first time in our history in Crete and agreed on the
We shall work together to create in our region conditions for the
prosperity of our nations in a framework of peace, security,
good-neighbourliness and stability.
We are determined to pursue the South Eastern Europe cooperation, on a
mutual and equal basis, in the firm belief that each of us has much to
learn from the other.
We shall promote to State of Law, the protection, of human rights,
including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities,
including interethnic dialogue, individual freedoms and a market economy
that will allow the individual enterprises to flourish and generate
employment and opportunities for all and especially for the youth.
We affirm our commitment to the UN Charter, the Paris Charter for a new
Europe and the Helsinki Final Act including all ten principles referred
therein, namely sovereign equality, respect for rights inherent in
sovereignty, refraining from the threat of use of force, inviolability of
frontiers, territorial integrity of States, peaceful settlement of
disputes, non - intervention in internal affairs, respect for human rights
and fundamental freedoms, including the freedom of through, conscience,
religion or belief, equal rights and self - determination of peoples,
cooperation among States, fulfillment in good faith of obligations under
We consider that the European orientation of our countries is an integral
part of their political, economic and social development.
We aspire to transform our region in an area of cooperation and economic
prosperity and, to that effect, we decided to promote good neighbourly
relations and respect for International Law.
We believe that Europe can not be complete without our countries and our
peoples representing civilisations and historical traditions which are
essential to the establishment of a contemporary European identity.
European and Euro-atlantic integration are essential in promoting the
We shall encourage the cooperation of the genuine representatives of our
peoples in our national Parliaments, as well as their common intention to
create a forum of undesrtanding and friendly relations.
We reconfirmed our support for already existing regional initiatives
sharing the same ideals with us such as Royaumont, SECI, BSEC, CEI.
We shall promote the scientific, educational, cultural and sport relations
as a means for strengthening our mutual understanding and friendship.
We shall cooperate with each other in the field of justice, the combat
against organized crime, the halting of illicit druj and arms trafficking
and the elimination of all forms of terrorism and take joint action against
illegal and irregular migration.
Our cultural and religious diversity cannot be seen as a threat to our
cooperation and security. On the contrary we believe it is a powerful
source of inspiration, creativity and dynamism.
We shall intensify our efforts for the increase of our economic
cooperation, the improvement of infrastructure for transport,
telecommunications and energy as well as for the establishment of
favourable conditions for investments. We invite the competent Ministers to
meet at least once a year to assess progress.
We shall promote the cross border cooperation and to that effect we invite
officials to meet regularly and Ministers of Economy or Finance, or other
Ministers responsible for it, to meet at least once a year to review the
We took into consideration different valuable proposals for the
establishment of institutes and centres for the promotion of multilateral
cooperation in various fields.
We call upon Ministers of Foreign Affairs to meet at least once a year to
conduct political consulations and to promote cooperation on issues of
regional stability and security. Political Directors will meet every three
months for consulations and report to Ministers.
In order to ensure continuity between the countries undertaking the
organisation of Summit or Ministerial Meetings as well as of various
technical groups, the idea of establishing a joint Secretariat will be
discussed by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs.
The Heads of State and Government of countries of South Eastern Europe
expressed their warm thanks for the hospitality of Greece for hosting the
Crete Summit Meeting. They decided to hold their next Summit Meeting in
Turkey in 1998.
Heracleion, Crete, 4 November 1997